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Multiple Intelligences
Szálas Tímea
The theory of multiple intelligences
• A dominant idea in the 20th century: there are
3 types of intelligence: logical mathematical,
linguistic and spatial
• Howard Gardner’s theory (1983): there are 7
(+2) types or areas of intelligence
Logical-mathematical intelligence
• Albert Einstein, German physicist, theory of
relativity, the world’s most famous equation:
E = mc2
• „scientific thinking”
• Logical thinking
• Problemsolving
• The ability to discover and see connections and
relationships between pieces of information
• Planning, analysing, systematizing
Linguistic/verbal intelligence
• William Shakespeare, English poet and
• How interesting/intriguing are these to you?
– He wrote these lines about himself at the age of
– Mary looked at John with nothing on.
– He’s got this brilliant book on the brain.
• Languages, self-expression, finding joy in the
ambiguity of words, word play, puns
Spatial/visual intelligence
• Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor,
architect etc.
• Perception of space
• We do not only see space, we can feel, hear
or smell it.
• Think of architects, air-traffic controllers,
sculptors, designers, landscape gardeners etc.
Musical/rythmical intelligence
• Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer and
• The world of sound, beat, rhythm, melody,
tone, volume
• Musicians, composers, singers, music lovers
Kinaesthetic bodily intelligence
• Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer
• Movement either with your whole body or
parts of it (for eg. fingers or hands)
• Sportsmen, handicrafts, dancers, masseurs
Interpersonal intelligence
• Mahatma Ghandi, Indian political leader who
fought for freedom and civil rights
• Ability to listen to others and understand their
feelings, establish good relationships, be good
at negotiation and persuasion
• Skilled parents, teachers, psychologists,
politicians, priests, lawyers etc.
Intrapersonal intelligence
• I think, therefore I am.
• René Descartes, French philosopher
• The ability to focus on your self, be aware of
and understand your thoughts, feelings and
• Happines at being on your own, love of
• Philosophers, psychologists, thinkers etc.
Natural intelligence
• Being in harmony with nature in the way that
many early peoples were
• For eg. some people know (or feel) when to
water, when not to water plants, what the
weather will be like, what the next season will
be like
• Gardeners, farmers, foresters etc.