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• Israel is a Parliamentary Democracy • Parliament is called the Knesset • Prime Minister Benjamin Natanyahu • Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. Official Languages: Hebrew and Arabic • Demographics: 76.4% Jews 23.6% are mostly Arab • Most Arabs who live in Israel are Palestinian. • Climate: Mediterranean with a desert climate in the south Cold and wet in the mountains Economics: Market Economy Imports: Beef and Grain Exports: Fruit and Vegetables, flowers, cut diamonds Israel manufactures fine chemicals such as: Potash (fertilizer) Phosphate (mineral salt) Israel’s economy is still considered mixed. What is a trade deficit? Tel Aviv is the second largest city in Israel. • Tel Aviv is a major center of manufacturing in Israel. • Judaism is the main religion in Israel. • Judaism is monotheistic. West Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan These 3 territories are Heights disputed territories. Israel and the Palestinian Arabs have been in conflict over these territories. Israel uses the West Bank and the Golan Heights as buffer zones. The Gaza Strip now belongs to the Palestinians.