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Transcript
WORLD WAR II
Review
Chapters 23/24
REVIEW A FEW THINGS:
•READ, THINK, &
REMEMBER!!
Define:
1.Fascism – political movement that
preached intense nationalism and racism.
2.Adolf Hitler – Nazi dictator of Germany.
3.Nazi party – Fascist party that ruled
Germany between 1933 – 1945, with Hitler
as the dictator.
4.Dictator – absolute ruler.
5.Joseph Stalin – the Communist dictator
of the Soviet Union.
6.Axis Powers – the name of the alliance
between Germany and Italy, and later
would include Japan.
7. Benito Mussolini Dictator of Italy
8. General Hideki Tojo – Military leader of
Japan.
9. Appeasement – the policy of meeting a
nation’s demands to avoid war.
10. Lend - Lease Program – the policy in
which the US sent war materials to the
Allied Powers.
11. Pearl Harbor – the site of the Japanese
attack on the United States.
12. The Munich Agreement – Hitler and Neville
Chamberlain, Britain’s Prime Minister, met in Munich,
Germany. They made an agreement giving Germany
control of the Sudetenland, in return, Hitler promised to
stop taking anymore territory. This appeasement was
supposed to make “peace in our time.”
13. Blitzkrieg – a new method of warfare, using
speed and surprise, “lightning war.”
14. Luftwaffe - Germany’s air force
15. The Battle of Britain – German planes flew
massive bombing attacks on London and other
civilian targets – but the British never surrendered.
Major Events Review
1936 Germany and Italy form Axis Powers.
Civil war erupts in Spain.
1938 Germany annexes Austria (think the Sound of
Music - true story.)
Britain and France allow Germany to annex the
Sudetenland in the Munich Agreement.
1939 Germany invades Czechoslovakia.
Germany signs nonaggression pact with the Soviet
Union.
Germany invades Poland, Sept. 1, 1939.
Britain and France declare war on Germany, Sept. 3
1940 Japan joins the Axis Powers
Germany invades France.
Battle of Britain fought.
1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union.
December 7 - Japan attacks United
States at Pearl Harbor.
The United States enters the war.
1941 June - British stop Axis advance in Africa at
the Battle of El Alamein.
September - Germans attack Soviet Union city
of Stalingrad.
November - American forces join tlhe Allies
in North Africa.
•
February Soviets win the Battle of
Stalingrad.
Terms to Know for the TEST:
1. Dwight D. Eisenhower – U.S. general who led
the Allied Forces in Europe.
2. D-Day – Allied invasion of France in June 1944
to liberate Europe.
3. Battle of the Bulge – Germany’s last major
attack.
4. Yalta Conference – Meeting of Allied leaders to
discuss the end of the war plans..
5. Anti-Semitism – hostility or discrimination against
Jews.
6. Persecute – to continuously treat others in a way
meant to be cruel and harmful.
7. Genocide – the deliberate destruction of a racial,
political, or cultural group.
8. The Holocaust – complete destruction of life on
purpose – usually by fire. This term refers to the
murder of 6 million Jews and 5 million others by
the Nazis in WWII.
9. The Final Solution – Hitler’s plan to exterminate
“inferior” people such as Jews, the handicapped,
political enemies, and others that did not conform.
ALSO REMEMBER THAT AFTER
WWI:
• League of Nations is organized, the U.S. never
joined
• U.S. Is isolationist
Rise of Hitler
• Nazi Party organized, 1920s
• Nazi party largest in Germany, 1932
• Hitler voted as chancellor, 1933
• New parliament created
• 450, 000 members
• Larger than German army
• Stalin and the Soviet Union, 1939, sign a Non
Aggression Pact. It was supposed to last 10
years. But, Hitler attacked the U.S.S.R. in
1941.
Pearl Harbor
Dec. 7, 1941
Allies United:
U.S.S.R, England and The U.S.
Stalin, FDR, & Churchill
D-Day, JUNE 6, 1944
Landing on Normandy Beach
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE JAPANESE
EMPEROR DURING
WWII.
THE ANSWER IS:
HIROHITO
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE LEADER OF
NAZI GERMANY.
THE ANSWER IS:
HITLER
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE LEADER OF
FASCIST ITALY.
THE ANSWER IS:
MUSSOLINI
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE BRITISH
PRIME MINISTER
WHO APPEASED
HITLER.
THE ANSWER IS:
NEVILLE
CHAMBERLAIN
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE LEADER OF
THE U.S.S.R.
THE ANSWER IS:
STALIN
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE U.S.
PRESIDENT THAT
GAVE THE ORDERS
TO DROP THE
ATOMIC BOMBS ON
JAPAN.
THE ANSWER IS:
HARRY
TRUMAN
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE U.S.
PRESIDENT
DURING THE
MAJORITY OF
WORLD WAR II.
THE ANSWER IS:
FRANKLIN D.
ROOSEVELT
IDENTIFY THE LEADER:
I AM THE BRITISH
PRIME MINISTER
DURING THE
MAJORITY OF
WORLD WAR II.
THE ANSWER IS:
WINSTON
CHURCHILL
Short answer:
WHEN IS V-E
DAY?
THE ANSWER IS:
•MAY 8, 1945 IS
V-E DAY!
• THIS is WHEN
GERMANY
.
SURRENDERED
Short answer:
WHEN IS V-J DAY?
THE ANSWER IS:
•V-J DAY IS
AUGUST 15,
1945.
Short answer:
WHICH AXIS
POWER DID THE
ALLIES PLAN TO
CONQUER FIRST?
THE ANSWER IS:
•THE ALLIES
PLANNED ON
CONQUERING
GERMANY
FIRST.
Short answer:
WHAT IS THE NAME
OF THE WOMAN
THAT REPRESENTED
ALL WOMEN
WORKING IN THE
WAR FACTORIES?
THE ANSWER IS:
•ROSIE THE
RIvetER!!!
Short answer:
WHAT IS THE
TERM FOR
LIGHTNING WAR?
THE ANSWER IS:
• THE TERM FOR
LIGHTNING WAR
IS:
BLITZKREIG
Short answer:
WHAT TYPE OF
GOVERNMENT
CONTROLS EVERY
ASPECT OF THEIR
PEOPLE’S LIVES?
THE ANSWER IS:
• A TOTALITARIAN
GOVERNMENT
Short answer:
WHICH AXIS
LEADER IS
CALLED IL
DUCE?
THE ANSWER IS:
•MUSSOLINI IS
IL DUCE!!
Short answer:
WHEN IS PEARL
HARBOR
BOMBED BY THE
JAPANESE?
THE ANSWER IS:
•DECEMBER 7,
1941 IS WHEN
PEARL HARBOR
WAS BOMBED BY
THE JAPANESE!
Short answer:
WHICH AXIS
LEADER CALLED
HIMSELF DER
FUHRER?
THE ANSWER IS:
•HITLER IS
DER
FUHRER!
Short answer:
WHAT IS THE TERM
FOR GIVING IN TO
SOMEONE’S
DEMANDS IN ORDER
TO KEEP THE
PEACE?
THE ANSWER IS:
•APPEASEMENT
Short answer:
WHO WROTE THE
BOOK MEIN
KAMPF?
THE ANSWER IS:
•HITLER
WROTE MEIN
KAMPF
Short answer:
WHICH
ORGANIZATION WAS
SUPPOSED TO HAVE
PREVENTED WWII
FROM HAPPENING?
THE ANSWER IS:
•THE LEAGUE
OF NATIONS!!
Short
answer:
HOW DID THE U.S.
FINANCE WWII?
THE ANSWER IS:
THEY FINANCED IT
WITH INCOME
TAXES, SELLING
WAR BONDS, AND
CORPORATE TAXES.
Short
answer:
IN THE NAVAL BASE
DESTROYER DEAL,
WHAT DID THE BRITISH
GIVE THE U.S. IN
RETURN FOR THE 50
DESTROYERS?
THE ANSWER IS:
THE U.S. GOT NAVAL
BASES!!
Short
answer:
WHAT ITEMS DID
THE U.S. PLACE AN
EMBARGO ON AND
WOULD NO LONGER
LET JAPAN BUY?
THE ANSWER IS:
OIL, IRON, STEEL,
GAS.
Short
answer:
IN AN ATTEMPT TO GET
THEM TO SURRENDER,
WHICH AXIS POWER
BOMBED GREAT
BRITAIN DAILY FOR
SEVERAL MONTHS?
THE ANSWER IS:
GERMANY BOMBED
GREAT BRITAIN,
THIS IS CALLED THE
BATTLE OF BRITAIN.
Short
answer:
WHO WAS THE
LEADER OF VICHY
FRANCE?
THE ANSWER IS:
.THE LEADER IS
HENRI PETAIN.
Short
answer:
WHAT IS THE NAME
OF THE PLANE THAT
DROPPED THE
BOMB ON
HIROSHIMA?
THE ANSWER IS:
.THE NAME OF THE
PLANE IS THE
ENOLA GAY, THE
NAME OF THE PILOT
IS TIBBETS.
Short
answer:
WHO WAS THE
LEADER OF THE
FRENCH
RESISTANCE?
THE ANSWER IS:
.THE LEADER IS
CHARLES
DEGAULLE.
Short
answer:
DURING WHICH
BATTLE OF WWII
DID THE U.S.
TROOPS
ACCIDENTALLY
BECOME
INTEGRATED?
THE ANSWER IS:
THIS HAPPENED
DURING THE
BATTLE OF THE
BULGE.
Short answer:
•AT THE MUNICH
CONFERENCE, WHAT
WAS GIVEN TO HITLER
TO APPEASE HIM?
THE ANSWER IS:
• THEY GAVE HIM
THE
SUDETENLAND
Short answer:
•WHEN WWII STARTED
IN EUROPE, WHAT
POLICY WAS THE U.S.
FOLLOWING?
THE ANSWER IS:
•THE U.S.
FOLLOWED A
POLICY OF
ISOLATIONISM
.
Short answer:
•IN 1935, WHICH
FUTURE AXIS POWER
ATTACKED ETHIOPIA?
THE ANSWER IS:
•ITALY
ATTACKED
ETHIOPIA.
Short answer:
•IN MARCH, 1936, WHAT
AREA DID THE
GERMANS TAKE?
THE ANSWER IS:
•THEY TOOK
THE
RHINELAND.
Short answer:
•IN 1931, WHAT AREA
DID THE JAPANESE TAKE
FROM CHINA?
THE ANSWER IS:
•THEY TOOK
MANCHURIA.
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
WERE THE “CODE TALKERS”?
A. NAVAJOS
B. JAPANESE AMERICANS
C. ROSIE THE RIVETER
D. MEXICAN AMERICANS
THE ANSWER IS:
•A. THE
NAVAJOS
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
PEOPLE WERE PUT IN GERMAN
CONCENTRATION CAMPS?
A. GYPSIES
B. JEWS
C. HOMOSEXUALS
D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
THE ANSWER IS:
•D. ALL OF
THE ABOVE
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
ITEMS WERE NOT RATIONED
DURING WWII?
A. SUGAR
B. EGGS
C. MEAT
D. WATER
THE ANSWER IS:
•D. WATER
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
MEN WERE IN CHARGE OF THE
D-DAY INVASION?
A. MACARTHUR
B. PATTON
C. EISENHOWER
D. PERSHING
THE ANSWER IS:
EISENHOWER
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
WWII BATTLES WAS THE LAST
GERMAN OFFENSIVE?
A. STALINGRAD
B. BATTLE OF THE BULGE
C. MIDWAY
D. GUADALCANAL
THE ANSWER IS:
•THE BATTLE
OF THE
BULGE
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
AT THE END OF WWII, WHICH
ALLIED POWER REACHED
BERLIN FIRST?
A. GREAT BRITAIN
B. U.S.A.
C. U.S.S.R.
D. FRANCE
THE ANSWER IS:
•C. U.S.S.R
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
TERMS MEANS HATRED
AND/OR HOSTILITY TOWARD
JEWS?
A. TOTALITARIANISM
B. ANTI-SEMITISM
C. ARYANIZE
D. KRISTALLNACHT
THE ANSWER IS:
•THE TERM IS
ANTISEMITISM
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS
THE CONFERENCE HELD AFTER
THE GERMAN SURRENDER FOR THE
PURPOSE OF PLANNING THE POST
WAR WORLD?
A. ATLANTIC CHARTER
B. YALTA CONFERENCE
C. TEHERAN
D. MUNICH CONFERENCE
THE ANSWER IS:
•B. YALTA
•CONFERENCE
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH MAN SAID “I SHALL
RETURN?”
A. PRES. F.D. ROOSEVELT
B. GEN. MACARTHUR
C. WINSTON CHURCHILL
D. GEN. EISENHOWER
THE ANSWER IS:
GENERAL
MACARTHUR
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
ON WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
CITIES DID THE ALLIES DROP
THE FIRST ATOMIC BOMB?
A. BERLIN
B. NAGASAKI
C. HIROSHIMA
D. TOKYO
THE ANSWER IS:
C. HIROSHIMA
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
BATTLES DID THE JAPANESE
FIRST USE KAMIKAZE PILOTS?
A.CORAL SEA
B.GUADALCANAL
C.LEYTE GULF
D.OKINAWA
THE ANSWER IS:
C. LEYTE
GULF
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING
MEN WAS THE SCIENTIST IN
CHARGE OF THE MANHATTAN
PROJECT?
A. ALBERT EINSTEIN
B. ENRICO FERMI
C. ROBERT OPPENHEIMER
THE ANSWER IS:
C. ROBERT
OPPENHEIMER
TRUE OR FALSE
GENERAL ROMMEL IS THE
BRITISH GENERAL IN
CHARGE OF OPERATION
TORCH.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, GEN.
ROMMEL IS A
GERMAN SOLDIER.
TRUE OR FALSE
THE ALLIES WON THE BATTLE OF
THE BULGE.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, THE ALLIED
WON THE BATTLE
OF THE BULGE.
TRUE OR FALSE
THE JAPANESE LOST
CONTROL OF THE
PACIFIC IN THE BATTLE
OF MIDWAY.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, THE JAPANESE
LOST CONTROL OF THE
PACIFIC AT THE BATTLE
OF MIDWAY.
TRUE OR FALSE
ALLOTMENT ANNIE
REPRESENTS ALL OF THE
WOMEN WORKING IN
THE WAR FACTORIES.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, THAT WAS
ROSIE THE
RIVETER!!
TRUE OR FALSE
OPERATION OVERLORD
IS THE CODE NAME FOR
THE D-DAY INVASION.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE
TRUE OR FALSE
GEN. EISENHOWER
ACCEPTED THE
SURRENDER OF THE
JAPANESE ON SEPT. 2,
1945.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, THAT WAS
GEN. MACARTHUR
TRUE OR FALSE
DURING WWII, THE
SOLDIERS WERE GIVEN
A NEW CANDY, M&Ms.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, THEY GAVE
THEM M&M CANDY.
TRUE OR FALSE
LEND LEASE IS THE U.S.
PROGRAM OF LOANING OR
RENTING MILITARY
EQUIPMENT TO THE ALLIED
FORCES DURING WWII.
THE ANSWER IS:
THAT IS TRUE.
TRUE OR FALSE
OPERATION TORCH IS
THE CODE NAME FOR
THE INVASION OF
NORTH AFRICA.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, ABSOLUTELY,
TRUE!
TRUE OR FALSE
THE U.S. ENTERED WWII
WHEN POLAND WAS
ATTACKED BY GERMANY.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, THE U.S.
ENTERED WWII WHEN
PEARL HARBOR WAS
ATTACKED!!
TRUE OR FALSE
HIDEKI TOJO LED JAPAN
DURING WWII AND WAS
EXECUTED FOR WAR
CRIMES AT THE END OF
WWII.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, TRUE, TRUE.
TRUE OR FALSE
DURING THE GLOOMY
DAYS OF 1942, JAMES H.
DOOLITTLE LED A DARING
DAYLIGHT RAID OVER
TOKYO.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, ABSOLUTELY,
TRUE!
TRUE OR FALSE
MUSSOLINI IS HANGED
AT THE NUREMBERG
WAR TRIALS.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, MUSSOLINI IS
DEAD BEFORE THE
TRIALS.
TRUE OR FALSE
ONE RESULT OF THE ALLIED
SUCCESSES OF THE D-DAY
INVASION IS THAT FDR IS
TH
REELECTED FOR THE 4
TIME!!
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, ABSOLUTELY
TRUE!
TRUE OR FALSE
THE ALLIES CONQUERED
JAPAN BEFORE THEY
CONQUERED GERMANY.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, THE ALLIES
CONQUERED
GERMANY FIRST.
TRUE OR FALSE
HITLER COMMITTED
SUICIDE BEFORE HE
COULD BE CAPTURED.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, HE CERTAINLY
DID.
TRUE OR FALSE
AFTER CAPTURING
FRANCE, GERMANY
ESTABLISHED A PUPPET
GOVERNMENT.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, TRUE, TRUE!
TRUE OR FALSE
IN 1933, THE USA
REESTABLISHED
DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS
WITH THE SOVIET
UNION.
THE ANSWER IS:
THAT IS TRUE!
TRUE OR FALSE
THE NUREMBERG LAWS
TOOK CITIZENSHIP
AWAY FROM ALL JEWS.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, POSITIVELY
TRUE!
TRUE OR FALSE
JEWS WERE THE ONLY
PEOPLE THE GERMANS
PUT IN CONCENTRATION
CAMPS.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, THEY PUT
OTHER IN THE
CAMPS, TOO.
TRUE OR FALSE
THE USA NEVER JOINED
THE LEAGUE OF
NATIONS.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, THE U.S.
NEVER JOINED THE
LEAGUE OF
NATIONS.
TRUE OR FALSE
THE USA NEVER JOINED
THE UNITED NATIONS.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, THE U.S.
JOINED AND STILL IS A
MEMBER OF THE
UNITED NATIONS.
TRUE OR FALSE
AFTER PRESIDENT F.D.
ROOSEVELT DIES, VICE
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER
BECOMES PRESIDENT.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, TRUMAN WAS
THE VICE PRESIDENT
THAT TOOK OVER.
TRUE OR FALSE
THE CODE TALKERS
SPOKE LATIN OVER
THEIR RADIOS.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, THE CODE
TALKERS SPOKE IN
NAVAJO.
TRUE OR FALSE
THE SOVIETS ALLOWED
THE RUSSIAN WINTER
TO HELP THEM DEFEAT
THE NAZIS.
THE ANSWER IS:
THAT WOULD BE
TRUE
TRUE OR FALSE
ROBERT OPPENHEIMER IS
THE SCIENTIST THAT
HEADED THE PROGRAM
THAT MADE THE ATOMIC
BOMB.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, HE WAS THE
LEADER OF THE
PROGRAM.
TRUE OR FALSE
AFTER THE PHILIPPINES WAS
CAPTURED BY THE JAPANESE,
GEN. MACARTHUR NEVER
RETURNED TO ISLAND.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, HE RETURNED
AND SAID, “I HAVE
RETURNED.”
TRUE OR FALSE
THE BATTLES OF IWO
JIMA AND OKINAWA
WERE AMONG THE
WORST OF THE WAR.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE, TRUE, SO
TRUE.
TRUE OR FALSE
GERMAN AMERICANS,
ITALIAN AMERICANS, AND
JAPANESE AMERICANS
CITIZENS SPENT WWII IN
RELOCATION CAMPS.
THE ANSWER IS:
FALSE, ONLY THE
JAPANESE AMERICANS
WERE PUT IN THE
RELOCATION CAMPS.
TRUE OR FALSE
THE MANHATTAN PROJECT
IS THE NAME OF THE U.S.
PROGRAM THAT BUILT THE
ATOMIC BOMBS.
THE ANSWER IS:
TRUE!!!
LET’S REVIEW A FEW MORE THINGS!!!
•THINK
•READ
•LEARN
•REMEMBER
The US Drifts Toward War
• The Neutrality Acts (1935-37)
• “Cash and Carry”
• First peacetime draft (1940) All
men 21 to 35 had to register
for one year’s military service
• Lend-Lease Act (1941)
The US Drifts Toward War
• British Prime
Minister
Winston S.
Churchill
(1874-1965)
The US Drifts Toward War
• USS Augusta off
the coast of
Newfoundland
• Atlantic Charter
(August 14,
1941)
The US Drifts Toward War
• Roosevelt imposed an embargo
on exports of strategic resources,
such as oil and metal, to Japan
(September 1941)
Japan Brings the US into the
War
• Pearl Harbor
• December 7,
1941
• Battleship
Row — USS
Arizona and
Oklahoma
destroyed
Japan Brings the US into the
War
• 2,403
Americans
killed; 1,178
wounded
• The Japanese
made serious
mistakes in the
Pearl Harbor
attack:
Japan Brings the US into the
War
Japan Brings the US into the
War
• Fuel dumps
were not
bombed
• Repair
facilities
untouched
AFTER THE PEARL HARBOR
ATTACK
• USS West Virginia and
California refloated and
repaired
• USS Maryland, Pennsylvania,
Tennessee, and Nevada
repaired
• No aircraft
carriers were
present,
specifically
USS
Lexington,
Saratoga, and
Enterprise
• US declared
war on the
Empire of
Japan
(December 8,
1941)
• Nazi Germany declared war on
the US (December 11, 1941)
• Japanese attacked multiple
targets:
• Philippines attacked by air
World War II in the Pacific
• Guam (10
December)
• Wake Island
• Philippines
fell (8 April
1942)
World War II in the Pacific
• General
Douglas
MacArthur
(1880-1964)
• HE SAID “I
SHALL
RETURN,”
World War II in the Pacific
• The Doolittle
Raid
• LTC Jimmy
Doolittle
(1896-1993)
World War II in the Pacific
• Why the Doolittle Raid?
• Psychological for Japan and the
US
• Japan protected by the kamikaze
(divine wind)
World War II in the Pacific
• 16 B-25
Bombers
brought into
striking
distance of
Japan by the
carrier USS
Lexington
World War II in the Pacific
• Doolittle Raid
bombed preassigned
targets in
TokyoYokohama,
Nagoya, and
Osaka-Kobe
areas (April 18,
1942)
World War II in the Pacific
• Doolittle
received a
hero’s
welcome in the
US and a
promotion to
Brigadier
General
World War II in the Pacific
• Coral Sea (7-8 May 1942)
Japanese
Carrier HIJMS Shoho after torpedo hit
World War II in the Pacific
• Midway (4-5
June 1942)
• Among other
ships, Japan
lost 4 carriers
World War II in the Pacific
• US lost carrier
USS Yorktown
(after the
battle ended)
US Strategy in the Pacific
• General
Douglas
MacArthur
• Southwest
Pacific
US Strategy in the Pacific
• Admiral
Chester W.
Nimitz (18851966)
• Central Pacific
• Island hopping
US Strategy in the Pacific
• Leyte Gulf—
Japanese
introduced
kamikaze
pilots
•
Battleship USS Missouri under
attack
Death of Franklin Roosevelt
• FDR died in
April 1945
• Harry S
Truman (19451953)
The Atomic Bomb
• Trinity test,
the first
nuclear
explosion
(Alamogordo,
New Mexico
July 16, 1945)
The Atomic Bomb
• B-29 Super
Fortress Enola
Gay dropped
“Little Boy” on
Hiroshima ON
August 6,
1945.
The Atomic Bomb
• 71,000 killed
• Four-square
miles
destroyed
The Atomic Bomb
• THE
PLANE,Bock’s
Car, dropped
“Fat Man” on
Nagasaki on
August 9,
1945.
The Atomic Bomb
• Japan
surrenders
• V-J DAY IS
• AUGUST 15,
1945
Japanese Surrender
• Official
surrender
aboard USS
Missouri
anchored in
Tokyo Harbor
September 2,
1945. WORLD
WAR II IS
OVER!!!
Question
• This African-American proposed a march on
Washington, D.C. to protest discrimination in
the military and in industry.
Answer
• A. Philip Randolph