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Transcript
Ending WWII
I. Preparation of Peace
A. Yalta Conference- February 1945
1. Churchill, Stalin, and FDR
a. Met in Soviet Union because Stalin
was scared to fly or leave the
protection of the USSR
B. U.N. (United Nations) was created as a new
international peace keeping body.
1. Based on the Atlantic Charter
2. Stalin agreed to allow democratic
election in Soviet occupied territories
C. San Francisco- April 1945
1.50 nations meet to create the U.N.
2.Their charter created the
“General Assembly”
a. Town meeting of the world
3. Security council held all the
power
a. 11 members all 5 wartime allies
b. Any member had the right to veto
actions of the council
c. 6 other seats were voted in by the
G.A.
D. F.D.R. dies on April 12th 1945.
E. July 1945- Potsdam Conference,
Germany
1. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin
organize plans for:
a. Disarming Germany
b. Eliminating the Nazi regime
c. Creates new questions that
lead to the origins of the
Cold War
II. The Nuremberg War Trials
A. 4 sections
1.Germany was divided into 4
subsections governed by the Big 3 and
France
B. Nazi officials were put on trial in
Nuremberg, Germany
1. On trial for:
a. Crimes against humanity
b. Crimes against the peace
c. War crimes
2. 12 of 22 were sentenced to death
a. First time in history a nations
leaders were held responsible for
their actions during wartime
III. Occupation of Japan
A. On September 2, 1945 Japan formally
surrenders on the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
B. Japan was occupied by Gen. MacArthur
1. 1,100 Japanese Militarists including Tojo
were put on trial.
2. Seven were put to death for atrocities
against civilians and or prisoners of war.
C. MacArthur occupied Japan for six years.
1. Introduced free market practices
2. Created a new Constitution
~ To this day it is still called the
MacArthur Constitution
3. Women’s rights and Basic Freedoms were
granted
** Now that the U.S. has taken care of Asia and Europe, the
focus can return to the home front.