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1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
KEY CONCEPT
Unifying themes connect concepts from many
fields of biology.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
All levels of life have systems of parts that
interact
A system is group of related parts that interact
to form a whole
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
Biologists study many different systems
from the molecular to the biosphere level.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
All levels of life have systems of parts that interact.
Cells have structures called organelles, each with their own
job, which work together to keep the cell alive.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
All levels of life have systems of parts that interact.
An Organ System is made up of individual organs that work
to carry out specific jobs. Ex. Digestive
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
All levels of life have systems of parts that interact.
An Organ System is made up of individual organs that work
to carry out specific jobs. Ex. Digestive
The Human Organism has
11 different organ systems that
Work together as one big system
Can you name them all?
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
All levels of life have systems of parts that interact.
Ecosystems (ecological system) include living and
nonliving things that interact to maintain Earth’s life.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
Structure determines function are related in biology.
Protein molecules with different structures perform
different functions.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
Structure and function are related in biology.
– Cell structure determines the job it can do
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
Structure and function are related in biology.
– Cell structure determines the job it can do
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
Structure and function are related in biology.
• Structure determines function.
Different species have different anatomical structures
with different functions.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
Organisms must maintain homeostasis to survive in
diverse environments.
• Homeostasis is the maintenance of constant internal
conditions.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
• Homeostasis is the maintenance of constant internal
conditions.
– Homeostasis is usually maintained through negative
feedback.
– Negative feedback systems return a condition to its
normal (set) point.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
• Behaviors and adaptations can help maintain
homeostasis.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
Evolution explains the unity and diversity of life.
• Evolution is the change in living things over time.
– The genetic makeup of a population of a species
changes.
– Evolution can occur through natural selection of
adaptations.
– Adaptations are beneficial inherited traits that are
passed to future generations.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
• Evolution accounts for both the diversity and the unity of
life.
1.2 Unifying Themes of Biology
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Unifying Themes of Biology