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Transcript
Opticon Key Technologies
Network
Colin Cunningham
10th Sept 2007
Scope & Objectives
• Objectives – from Contract
– To identify key technology needs
– Look for opportunities which technology developments in
other sectors provide for astronomy
– Encourage European collaborative technology development
projects
– Provide a forum for discussing potential routes for further
development
• Scope:
– The focus of the KTN activities is enabling technologies
– The KTN supports the development of facilities
(telescopes) as well as instruments
– The core activity of the KTN is in the wavelength region
300 nm to 35 µm.
– The KTN supports a balanced portfolio of low risk and
high risk technology developments
– The KTN supports the integration of telescope and
instrument test facilities.
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Key Technology Network
• Core Team
– Colin Cunningham (Chair &
JRA5)
– Norbert Hubin (JRA1)
– Philippe Feautrier (JRA2)
– Henk Spruit (JRA3)
– Alain Chelli (JRA4)
– Filippo Zerbi (JRA6)
– Bernhard Brandl (Leiden)
– Alan Bridger (UK ATC)
– Pierre Kern (Grenoble)
– Gavin Dalton (RAL & Oxford)
– Carlos Martin (IAC)
– Goeran Olofsson
(Stockholm)
– Martin Roth (Potsdam)
• Manager – Callum Norrie (UK
ATC)
• Associate Team
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Eli Atad (UK ATC)
Derek Ives (UK ATC)
Roger Haynes (AAO)
Fabio Bortoletto (Padua)
Gert Finger (ESO)
Norbert Kappelmann (Tuebingen)
Graham Peggs (NPL)
Michael Redfern (Galway)
Jeremy Allington-Smith (Durham)
Christian Erd (ESA)
Michael Andersen (Potsdam)
Gunther Wiedemann (Hamburg)
Suzanne Ramsay Howat (UK ATC)
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Lars Venema (Astron)
Klaus Strassmeier (Potsdam)
Peter Hastings (UK ATC)
Remko Stuik (Leiden)
Roland Lemke (Bochum)
Lorenzo Zago (CSEM)
David Walker (UCL)
Eric Prieto (LAM)
David Robertson (Durham)
Jean-Gabriel Cuby (LAM)
Roland Bacon (CRAL)
Enzo Brunetto (ESO)
Nick Waltham (RAL)
Lars Venema (Astron)
Klaus Strassmeier (Potsdam)
Peter Hastings (UK ATC)
Remko Stuik (Leiden)
Roland Lemke (Bochum)
Lorenzo Zago (CSEM)
David Walker (UCL)
Eric Prieto (LAM)
David Robertson (Durham)
Jean-Gabriel Cuby (LAM)
Roland Bacon (CRAL)
Enzo Brunetto (ESO)
Nick Waltham (RAL
3
Working Method
• Core Team – based round JRA leaders
• Associate team – contribute where
appropriate
• Twiki – interactive website
https://ssl.roe.ac.uk/twiki/bin/view/Optikeytec/WebHome
• Meeting alongside Opticon reviews and SPIE
meetings at Glasgow & Orlando
• Specific Workshops focussed on sciencedriven technology challenges
• Roadmap development
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Technology Planning:
Roadmap
Science Goals
time
Facility, Mission or Instrument
Technology
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Roadmapping Process
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UK ELT Technology Roadmap
Now
Other Drivers
-2yr
V1.0 July 22nd 2004 Colin Cunningham
+5yr
+15yr
European Competitiveness
Competing Major Projects
UK EU Presidency
Public Interest
Science
Driver
Terrestrial planets in extra-solar systems
First objects and the re-ionization
Virgo stars
Dark matter and dark energy
Star formation history of the Universe
JWST
2011
US/Canada ELT: TMT
US ELT: GMT
TMT R&D Programme
GMT R&D Programme
Euro 50 Specific Telescope & Systems
OWL Specific Telescope & Systems
Facilities
EU FP6 Design Study
New Science
Direct measurement of deceleration
Generic Telescope & Systems
Generic Instruments
Generic Adaptive Optics
Systems Modelling
Large Optics Manufacturing Study
Sub-mm site testing
8m VLT M1 aluminium mirror
Metrology: Mirrors
Primary Mirror Segments
SiC and ceramic optics
optical finishing
process development
Position/edge sensors
Internal metrology system
Test camera for SALT
Technology
Prototype 1.2m adaptive mirror
4 OWL mechanical modules
7 segment mirror cell prototype
Magneto-strictive actuators
Deformable mirrors for XAO:
MOEMS
& largerengineering
Control & Operations
Software
WEB (Wind Evaluation Breadboard)
Coating studies + samples
Wavefront Sensors
Wind tunnel tests
Real time AO controllers
Enclosure concepts
Fast low noise AO detectors
Prototype Friction drive
Laser beacons for AO
OPTICON Key Technologies
Magnetic levitation
Active ADC conceptual design
Software (Alma common etc)
Slicers, Fibres, Beam manipulators
Smart Focal Planes
MOEMS shutters etc
Instrument Studies & Tech dev
Large CCD Focal Planes
Resources
Near IR detector arrays
Sub-mm detectors
Basic Tech UP Surfaces
EU FP6 Design Study Funding
UK R&D Programme Funding
EU Framework 7
EU FP6 Opticon JRAs
7
Technology threads and
outcomes
• William Herschel Telescope Laser
Guide Star and AO Testbed > FP7
Proposal
• Cooled Deformable mirrors > FP7
proposal
• Smart Instrument Technologies > FP7
Proposal
• Optical components for ELT
Instruments
• IR Detectors > UK study with Industry
• Astrophotonics > FP7 Proposal
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Major Meetings
• Core Team Meeting – Glasgow, June 04
• Core Team Meeting & Technology Roadmap for ELT
– Grenoble, Oct 04
• Challenges in Optics for ELT Instruments – Rome,
Oct 05
• AO Roadmap Workshop – Paris, March 06
• Core Team Meeting & FP7 Roadmap – Orlando, May
06
• Astro-Photonica Europa – Edinburgh, August 06
• Smart Focal Planes Roadmap – Neuchatel, Dec 05
• WHT Testbed Meeting – La Palma, Oct 06
• Smart Instrument Technologies – Leiden, April 07
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La Palma Testbed
WHT Nasmyth optical axis
Optical crossfeed
between benches
WHT altitude bearing flange
Common re-imaging
AO system
Fibre laser or
ML dye laser
Optical bench
Optical bench
Experiment
Electronics
racks
Optical bench
Experimental
room
Electronics
room
Extent of WHT
Nasmyth platform
Personnel doors
Equipment access
doors
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IR Detectors
•Study project with QinetiQ and RAL started with UK funding
•Also new technology from SELEX Sensors in UK
•Interest from E2V and Sofradir
•Planning joint workshop
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AstroPhotonics
Jeremy Allington-Smith, Durham University
AstroPhotonica Europa is a partnership to exploit photonic
principles
for astronomy, using and enriching the existing research and
industrial infrastructure. The primary goal is to make
instruments for
Extremely Large Telescopes affordable and practicable by
exploiting
photonic principles. Telecommunications has been the main
driver for
photonic innovation so far.
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Future generation of extremely large telescopes may be
contingent on the use of photonic devices, including integrated
spectrographs, dispersers, beam combiners and photonic
crystal fibres.
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Although the potential of photonics has been demonstrated,
much is still needed to develop practical, efficient devices
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It will build on the lead in instrument innovation already
established by Europe and its strategic partners. There are
opportunities for synergy with the life sciences and earth
observation.
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Planned Future Meetings
• Astro-Photonica Europa – October 07,
Grenoble
• WHT Testbed Meeting – December 07
TBC
• IR Detectors Astronomy Requirements
and European Industry Capabilities (in
prep)
• Technology Roadmap Update
Workshop
13
Publications & Dissemination
• IAU Symposium 232: Scientific Requirements for ELTs, Cape
Town, Nov 2005
– Novel Technologies required to meet ELT science challenges,
Cunningham & Crampton
• SPIE Symposium Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation,
Orlando, May 2006
– Plenary Presentation: Novel Technology for Optical and Infrared
Astronomy, Colin Cunningham
• Follow up invited talk at NASA Goddard Nov 2007
• Challenges in optics for Extremely Large Telescope
instrumentation, Spano et al
– Astron. Nachr. / AN 999, No. 88, 789 – 811 (2006)
• Towards the European ELT, Marseille Nov 2006
– Overview of the FP6 ELT Instrumentation Program & Technology
Challenges for ELT Instruments Colin Cunningham
– A target selection system for ELT multi-object instruments: system and
trade-off analysis Eric Prieto
– IR Detectors Gavin Dalton
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Balance of FP7 R&D programme
• Must balance:
– Near Term v. Long Term
– High Risk/High Gain v. Low Risk/Certain
return
– Innovative v. Conservative
– Generic v. Specific
• We should aim for a balanced portfolio
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Objectives Achieved
• To identify key technology needs
– IR Detectors, Large Optics, Astrophotonics, AO
components and systems, Smart Instrument Technologies
• Look for opportunities which technology
developments in other sectors provide for
astronomy
– Astrophotonics, IR Detectors
• Encourage European collaborative technology
development projects
– WHT Testbed, Astrophotonics, Smart Instrument
Technologies, AO
• Provide a forum for discussing potential routes for
further development
– Through 9 Meetings & Workshops, and 4 more to come
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Follow on: FP7 Opticon Key
Technology Network
• The KTN has proved to be a valuable mechanism
for bringing partners together to address
technology requirements and bid for new projects
• While some of the Technology Planning activities
should be carried out within JRAs, it is useful to
generate cross-connections and stimulate
innovative new technologies by a wider technology
network
• The Technology Roadmap for Optical & IR
Astronomy needs to be continually updated to deal
with a changing scientific, programmatic, technical
and political environment
• I Propose that the activity be continued in FP7 with
a similar level of funding
17