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Sustainability by ICT
Contributions by FUJITSU
Bernd Kosch
September 20, 2012
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Controversial Views on ICT vs. Sustainability
 ICT has been regarded as part of the problem
 Polluting the environment with e-waste and harmful
substances
 Accelerating climate change by increasing the carbon
footprint from growing aggregate ICT-related energyconsumption
 Inspiring new usage scenarios that lack social responsibility
 ICT has always provided business- and economic benefit by
increased productivity and process-efficiency
 Overall productivity of most industrial production factors
depends on enablement by ICT
 Management processes in business and economy are relying
on transparency that are enabled by ICT
 But quantification of cost and benefit of ICT in relation to
sustainability has been vague
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Climate Change is the Big Challenge
 Limiting global warming at the level of 2 0C
1)
•Implies a limit of additional CO2-emissions of approx. 700 Gt
in total (eternal) (global emissions are now at approx. 32 Gt
p.a., increasing)
•Is, for economic reasons, only compatible with descend-paths
that reverse the trend of increase before 2015
•and is therefore NOT a problem of future generations but is a
problem that can only be resolved today – by THIS generation
 Alternatives for the descend-phase
35%
60%
5%
1)
2)
•„less CO2 in consumed energy”,
Replacement of fossile fuels
•”less energy in material welfare”
Improvement of energy-efficiency
•“less welfare“
2)
(Reduction of (irrational) luxury))
Since the beginning industrialization - increase of average temperature since 1900 amounts to approx. 0.7 0C
Translated quote from a speech by E.-U. v. Weizsäcker, Munch, Germany, February 2011
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
The Different Faces of Green ICT
 Environmental optimization of ICT products
 Hazardous materials / Resource-efficiency / Waste (Recycling)
 Product-lifecycle CO2-aspects (PCF, LCA)
 Energy-efficiency / CO2-reduction in ICT
 Hardware-aspects and systems-management
 ICT-Concepts / -architectures (virtualization)
 Efficiency-aspects in the data center facility
 Energy-efficiency / CO2-reduction by ICT
 Direct potentials for power-grids / buildings / traffic, indirect
effects by factor-substitution in business processes (materials,
travel, space)
 Assessment methods to quantify the enabling effects of ICT
 Transparency and control by applying “carbon management“
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Energy-Efficiency in ICT Increases fast (1)
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Energy-Efficiency in ICT Increases fast (2)
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Multipoint Temperature Measurement
 Basics of technology
Component Setup
Optical Fiber
~10km
Raman scattered
light strength
measuring instrument
 Signal conversion into fiber length
vs temperature
Laser pulse
Laser
Filter
Detector
Returning Light
(Raman scattering light)
Original signal
Time
・ Raman light measurement at nano-second
intervals
Signal of Raman scattering light strength
Analysis of Raman Scattered Light
【 Raman scattering light 】
Signal conversion
・ Time → distance
・ Light strength → Temperature
Raman scattered light
Its strength changes
with the temperature
Wave length of return light
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Fiber temperature
Strength
Incidence light
Converted signal
Distance (from fiber edge)
Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Application in data-centers
 Application in data-centers
Optical Fiber
Optical Fibers
A temperature distribution
measurement image in a datacenter using the technology
Server racks
(1) Highly accurate temperature measurement
more than 10,000 points* capable by using
a single optical fiber at a time.
(2) Reduced/no EMI effect to server system
due to use of optical signals.
(3) Realtime sensing of abnormal temperature
rising of server and air conditioning system
is capable; contributes to fire accident
prevention.
* Fiber length: 10km
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Enabling Energy-Efficiency by ICT
 In recent years this discussion has been dominated by
“Smart Topics”
 Direct potentials for power-grids / building-automation / trafficcontrol have been the focus, now moving to the more general
“Smart Cities”
 However, the ICT-related potentials to increase energy-efficiency
reach far beyond specific vertical application that might seem
immediately appealing
 Indirect effects by factor-substitution in business processes
(materials, travel, space) are significant, but do not constitute the
primary business case for innovation
 Unbiased assessment methodology to quantify effects
in projects is a prerequisite for rational decisions
 Management requires transparency
 Energy reporting is a prerequisite for identifying significance of
efficiency improvement potentials
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Fujitsu AMI System Concept
 Neighborhood Area Network (NAN) components
 Smart meters, Wireless repeaters, WAN-NAN gateway
 Data center system components
 Platform/Infrastructure (servers, routers/firewalls, etc.)
 AMI management system (middleware and application
software)
Data Center
Neighborhood Area Network (NAN)
Business Apps
WAN
Gateway
Smart Meter
AMI
Management
System
Repeater
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×
Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
WisReed Ad-hoc Routing Technology
Fujitsu developed “WisReed” to overcome the scalability
limitation of existing wireless ad-hoc routing technology
Existing (
When to learn
possible routes
)
WisReed
Reactive
Proactive + heuristic
Asking all devices (“hello, are
you there?”) before moving on
Trying learnt route first,
changing course as necessary
while moving on
How to find
the best
route to go
Suitable for small network
(Home Area, etc.)
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Suitable for large scale
network (Smart Meter)
Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Evaluation Method for ICT Solutions
Resource Use
Use of paper (documents) and CD etc.
Travel
Movement by train, bus and car etc.
Supply Chain &
Transportation
Transportation by truck and train etc.
Office Space
Space for person and IT equipment etc.
Warehouse &
other storage space
Keeping documents and goods
Power Consumption
of ICT Equipment
Electricity consumed by ICT equipment
Data
Communication
Space for person and IT equipment etc.
Quantitative analysis
of CO2 emissions
Before
After
implementation implementation
Database of
CO2 Intensity/Unit
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Implemented Environmental ICT Solutions
 Method for CO2 impact assessment published in the Fujitsu
Scientific & Technical Journal (FSTJ), vol 45(1), 2009
http://www.fujitsu.com/downloads/MAG/vol451/paper12.pdf
 More than 240 solutions / cases have been assessed,
grouped in 14 categories
 These applications constitute the basis for the CO2
reduction commitments “BY IT” of Fujitsu
 Efforts to establish the assessment methodology through
backing by industry consortia standardization bodies
are progressing.
 FUJITSU has made significant contributions to the ITU-T
standards on Green ICT assessment (L.1410, L.1430)
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
CO2 Reduction by Green Policy Innovation
Reduction of environmental load of ICT infrastructure, and
reduction by utilization of ICT (global, short-term)
Global target
FY2009-2012
cumulative 15 million tons
OF ICT
BY ICT
Environmental load reduction
cumulative 3 million tons
Environmental load reduction
cumulative 12 million tons
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
Transparency on Environmental Data
 Managing CO2-reduction and energy-saving requires
transparency on pollution, consumption and cost at
the overall company level
 Environmental management systems (EMS) can enable
cross-company reporting-processes to provide such
data
 for standardized auditable reports, compliant to legal
requirements
 as a basis for environmentally conscious business planning
 Responding to upcoming new energy legislation in all
EU-27 countries, FUJITSU is now globalizing its
Japanese EMS to become an SaaS offering
 with NLS of major European languages
 compliant with national laws
 addressing different levels of organizational complexity
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
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Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
FUJITSU Environmental Activities System
Our Business
Customers & Society
1993
2009
2012
2020
Green Policy
Innovation
Environmental
Protection
Program
Stage 6
Environmental
Protection
Program
Stages 1 - 5
16
2100
Green
Green
Policy
Policy
2020
21
Creating a
Making
prosperous
every
low
activity
carbon society
green
Copyright 2012 FUJITSU TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS