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New Forms of Life: A Brief History
Of Our Wireless Future
UCSD 40/40 Vision Lecture Series
UCSD, La Jolla, CA
April 12, 2001
Supercomputers Give Us
an Early View of the Mass Market Future
Cray X-MP Supercomputer
Located at National Center
Cost: $8,000,000
No Built in Graphics
56 kbps NSFnet Backbone
1985
2000
Personal Computer
Located on Desktops
Cost: $2,000
Interactive 3D Graphics
56 kbps Laptop Modem
From Supercomputer Centers to the NSFnet
to Today’s Commercial Internet
Image: Cox, Patterson, NCSA
Tech Transfer From NCSA
Has Enabled the Modern Web World
100 Commercial
Licensees
The Internet is Poised to Move
Throughout the Physical World
Radio
(1940s)
Internet
(1990s)
Broadband Wireless Internet is Here Today
• Create Wireless Internet “Watering Holes”
– Ad Hoc IEEE 802.11 Domains
– Real Broadband--11 mbps Going to 54 mbps
– Security and Authentication can be Added
– Home, Neighborhoods, Office, Schools?
– MobileStar--Admiral Clubs, Starbucks, Major
Hotels, Restaurants, …
– UCSD—Key Campus Buildings, Dorms, Coffee
Shops…
“The future is already here,
it’s just not evenly distributed”
William Gibson, Author of Neuromancer
Governor Davis Created New Institutes for
Science, Innovation, and Tech Transfer
The California Institute for Bioengineering,
Biotechnology,
and Quantitative Biomedical Research
The Center for
Information Technology Research
in the Interest of Society
(Proposed-UCB, UCD, UCSC, UCM)
UCB
UCSF
UCSC
The California
NanoSystems Institute
UCSB
UCLA
UCI
UCSD
The California Institute
for Telecommunications
and Information Technology
The UCSD “Living Grid Laboratory”—
Fiber, Wireless, Compute, Data, Software
•Commodity Internet, Internet2
•Link UCSD and UCI
SDSC
• High-speed optical core
CS
Eng. / Cal-(IT)2
Hosp
Med
Chem
• Campus Wireless
SIO
½ Mile
Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC
MicroSensors Will Radically Alter
the Human-Computer Interface
Valveless Microfluidics
Mechanical Stress and
Acceleration Sensors
0.1 mm
Micro Optical Assemblies
(Lenses and Mirrors)
MEMS structures fabricated and tested at
the UCI Integrated Nanosystems Research Facility
The Perfect Storm:
Convergence of Engineering with BioMed, Physics, & IT
500x
Magnification
Nanogen MicroArray
2 mm
VCSELaser
400x
Magnification
IBM Quantum Corral
Iron Atoms on Copper
Human Rhinovirus
5 nanometers
New Clean Facilities
Complex Problems Require
a New Research and Education Framework
220 UCSD & UCI Faculty
Working in Multidisciplinary Teams
With Students, Industry, and the Community
The State Provides $100 M
For New Buildings and Equipment
www.calit2.net
The UCSD Cal-(IT)2 Building
Preliminary Design
Occupancy 2004
220,000 Gross SF
• New Media Arts Spaces
–
–
–
–
–
Research Lab
Visualization Labs
Audiovisual Editing Facilities
Gallery Space
Helping Design Auditorium
The Southern High Tech Coast
Is Well Organized for Partnering
• From Bandwidth Bay to Wireless Valley
– 70,000 Fiber Strand-Miles Under Downtown SD
– Nation’s Center for Wireless Companies
• San Diego Telecom Council
– www.sdtelecomcouncil.org
– 200 Member Companies
– SIGs on Optical, Wireless, Satellite, etc.
• UCSD CONNECT
– www.connect.org
– UCSD Program in Technology and Entrepreneurship
• Many Others
–
–
–
–
BIOCOM
Mayor’s Science and Technology Commission
UCI Chief Executive Roundtable
…
A Broad Partnership Response
from the Private Sector
Akamai
Boeing
Broadcom
AMCC
CAIMIS
Compaq
Conexant
Copper Mountain
Emulex
Enterprise Partners VC
Entropia
Ericsson
Global Photon
IBM
IdeaEdge Ventures
Intersil
Irvine Sensors
Leap Wireless
Litton Industries
MedExpert
Merck
Microsoft
Computers
Communications
Software
Sensors
Biomedical
Startups
Venture Firms
Large Partners
>$10M Over 4 Years
Mission Ventures
NCR
Newport Corporation
Orincon
Panoram Technologies
Printronix
QUALCOMM
Quantum
R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical RI
SAIC
SciFrame
Seagate Storage
Silicon Wave
Sony
STMicroelectronics
Sun Microsystems
TeraBurst Networks
Texas Instruments
UCSD Healthcare
The Unwired Fund
WebEx
$140 M Match From Industry
Elements of the
Cal -(IT)2 Industrial Partnerships
• Endowed Chairs for Professors
• Start-Up Support for Young Faculty
• Graduate Student Fellowships
• Research and Academic Professionals
• Sponsored Research Programs
• Equipment Donations for Cal-(IT)2 and Campus
• Named Laboratories in new Institute Buildings
• Pro Bono Services and Software
The Wireless Internet
Can Create Intelligent Transportation
• Institute Scope
– Sensor based real-time monitoring of traffic & cars
– Extension of the Internet into automobiles
– Mobile commerce
• Related Centers
The High Performance
Wireless Research and Education Network
NSF Funded
PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC
Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO
45mbps Duplex Backbone
http://hpwren.ucsd.edu/Presentations/HPWREN
The Wireless Internet Will Improve
the Safety of California’s 25,000 Bridges
New Bay Bridge Tower
with Lateral Shear Links
Cal-(IT)2 Will
Develop and Install
Wireless Sensor Arrays
Linked to
Crisis Management
Control Rooms
Source: UCSD Structural Engineering Dept.
Can Use of These Technologies Help Us
Avoid the Downsides of Prolonged Growth?
• Add Wireless
Sensor Array
• Build GIS Data
• Focus on:
UCI
Huntington
Beach
–
–
–
–
–
–
High Tech Coast
UCSD
Mission Bay
San Diego Bay
Pollution
Water Cycle
Earthquakes
Bridges
Traffic
Policy
• Work with the
Community to
Adapt to Growth
High Resolution Data Analysis Facility
Linked by Optical Networks to PACI TeraGrid
Panoram Technologies,
SGI, Sun, TeraBurst Networks,
Cox Communications, Global Photon
Institute Industrial Partners
Planned for Fall 2001 at SIO
Support from SDSC and SDSU
From Telephone Conference Calls to
Access Grid International Video Meetings
Creating a Virtual Global Research Lab
Access Grid Lead-Argonne
NSF STARTAP Lead-UIC’s Elec. Vis. Lab
Cal-(IT)2 Will Seek to Foster
Links Between Art, Technology, & Science
“UCSD
”
The Institute Facilitates Faculty Teams to
Compete for Large Federal Grants
Proposal-Form a National Scale Testbed
for Federating Multi-scale Brain Databases
Using NIH High Field NMR Centers
Stanford
U. Of MN
NCRR Imaging
and Computing
Resources UCSD
Harvard
Cal Tech
SDSC
Surface Web
Cal-(IT)2
Deep Web
UCLA
Duke
Source: Mark Ellisman, UCSD
Wireless “Pad”
Web Interface
Why Not Constantly Compute
on Federated Repositories?
•
Currently
– Instrument Coordinates
– Virtual Human NLM Project
– Transformations to Organ Coordinates
– Surgical View of Body
– Define Differences in Organs
– Eg. UCLA Human Brain Mapping
Project—Art Toga
– Fly Through Organs
– Virtual Colonoscopy
(www.vitalimaging.com)
•
Future
– Train AI Software on
– Millions of Human Image DataSets
– Define Distribution Functions
– Thresholds for Medical Attention
– Life Cycle of Single Individuals
– Automatic Early Warnings
As Our Bodies Move On-Line
Bioengineering and Bioinformatics Merge
• New Sensors—Israeli Video Pill
– Battery, Light, & Video Camera
– Images Stored on Hip Device
• Next Step—Putting You On-Line!
– Key Metabolic and Physical Variables
– Wireless Internet Transmission
– Model -- Dozens of 25 Processors and 60
Sensors / Actuators Inside of our Cars
• Post-Genomic Individualized Medicine
– Combine Your Genetic Code & Imaging,
with Your Body’s Data Flow
– Use Powerful AI Data Mining Techniques
www.givenimaging.com
How Will You Know
if The Kids Are on the Internet?
It connects to the audio piece and
works like a tiny monitor that
projects an image through the
really cool bug-eye monocle into
my eye. It has lots of ‘serious’
applications, but my favorite is to
watch ‘Buffy’.
My mom has already realized that when the video is
on, the lenses become less transparent. That way
she knows if I’m really paying attention to her or
reading my email. She’s caught on quickly.
http://wearables.www.media.mit.edu/
projects/wearables/mit-ideo/
Multiplayer Computer Games Form
Interactive Fantasy Worlds
• Persistent Evolving Worlds
– Players Build Cybertowns
• 3D Multiplayer Worlds
– "EverQuest The online, real-time fantasy world lets
players assume the roles of warriors and wizards for days
on end... As the decade closed, this was the nearest you
could get to being on a Star Trek holodeck."
www.everquest.com
The Future Will Not Resemble the Past
The emergence of Peer-to-Peer computing
signifies a revolution in connectivity
that will be as profound to
the Internet of future
as Mosaic was to the Web of the past.”
--Patrick Gelsinger, VP and CTO, Intel Corp.
Broadband Will Connect 30 Million Homes
and Small Businesses in Three Years
• PCs Always On
• High Bandwidth Access
• Corporate Drivers
16
US Installed (Millions)
DSL
Cable Modems
– Ford Motor Co. is Buying
Home PCs for All its
Employees
– IBM Is Using SBC to
Supply 12,000
Employees with Home
DSL Internet
Connections
12
8
• Stage is Set for
Explosion of Internet
Computing
4
0
1997
1999
2001
Source: Kinetic Strategies Inc.,
Gilder Technology Report
Pioneer Consulting
2003
– Tie PCs Together as
Virtual Megacomputer
[email protected] Demonstrated that PC Internet
Computing Could Grow to Megacomputers
•
Running on 500,000 PCs, ~1000 CPU Years per Day
–
–
•
•
Over Half a Million CPU Years so far!
22 Teraflops sustained 24x7
Sophisticated Data & Signal Processing Analysis
Distributes Datasets from Arecibo Radio Telescope
Arecibo
Radio Telescope
Next StepAllen Telescope Array
Extending the Grid to Planetary Dimensions
Using Distributed Computing and Storage
AutoDock Application Software Has Been Downloaded to Over 20,000 PCs
Nearly 3 Million CPU-Hours Computed
In Silico
Drug Design
Art Olson,
TSRI
Why Will a Million Processor Computer
Be Different?
• Individual Processors Running at Gigaflops
– One Million Means a Collective Petaflops
– One Petaflops is Roughly a Human Brain-Second
– Morovec-Intelligent Robots and Mind Transferral
– Koza-Genetic Programming
– Kurzweil-The Age of Spiritual Machines
– Joy-Humans an Endangered Species?
Things Are About to Get Very Interesting…
1 Million x
•Will the Grid Become Self–Organizing
–Powered
–Aware?
Source: Hans Moravec
www.transhumanist.com/volume1/power_075.jpg