Igneous Rocks Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Matter Rocks Measurement Potpourri 1pt 1 pt 1 pt 1 pt 1 pt 2 pt 2 pt 2 pt 2 pt 2 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 4 pt 4 pt 4pt 4 pt 4 pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt What processes help form igneous rocks? What is the hardening of magma or lava. What starts the change from an igneous rock to a sedimentary rock? What is weathering. What igneous rock has tiny holes formed by gases escaping from the lava as it cools and floats? What is Pumice. Give an example of an igneous rock. What is Pumice, Granite, Obsidian, Basalt, or Gabbro. Describe the rock cycle. What is the ongoing Earth processes that change rocks from one kind to another over time. What are rocks? What is Earth materials made of one or more minerals. What processes help form sedimentary rocks? What is weathering and erosion,as well as depositing and sticking together of sediments. What processes help form sedimentary rocks? What is weathering and erosion,as well as depositing and sticking together of sediments. Give an example of a sedimentary rock. What is Conglomerate, Limestone, Sandstone, or Shale. How do fossils form? What is organisms die and are quickly buried by sediments. When the sediments harden, the remains are trapped and preserved in Earth’s rocks. What is one thing that can change a rock to a metamorphic rock? What is heat and pressure. How is a mineral different from a rock? What is a mineral is a natural solid that has crystal shapes and a rock is made up of one or more minerals. TRUE or FALSE Metamorphic rocks can be formed from any kind of rock. What is TRUE. They can be formed from sedimentary, igneous, or even other metamorphic rocks. Give an example of a metamorphic rock. What is Marble, Schist, Slate, Gneiss,or Quartzite. One way scientist classify rocks is by how they formed. Choose one type of rock and explain how you think it might have formed. What is: Sedimentary-pieces of minerals stick together Igneous- mixtures of minerals harden to form crystals Metamorphic-existing rocks are changed by heat and pressure Matter is… What is anything that takes up space and has mass. Explain the meaning of mass, how you would measure it, and what tools you might use to do so. What is the amount of matter something has. You would use a pan balance. What is volume? Also tell how you would measure it and what tools you might use to do so. What is the amount of space matter takes up. You could use a ruler or a graduate depending on whether you are finding the volume of a solid or liquid. What is density? What is the comparison of the amount of matter of an object to the amount of space it takes up. You could use a calculator or paper/pencil to divide the rock’s mass by its volume. Explain conduction and give an example. What is the movement of heat through matter as particles bump into each other. (a cold spoon becomes warm/hot when placed in hot chocolate. Name the layers of the Earth. What is the CORE, MANTLE, and CRUST. Name the four tests for a mineral. What is streak, hardness, luster, and color. Name the hardest and softest mineral. What is diamond is the hardest and talc is the softest mineral. Explain the formation of crystals. What is crystals are formed as melted rock cools. The more slowly the material cools, the larger the crystals are that form. Name at least five ways rocks are used in our daily lives. What is jewelry, coins, metal objects, electric wire, pencil lead, table salt, matches, statues, sidewalks, etc.