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Zooming in: the Territorial Agenda in Hungary
ESPON Open Seminar
Gödöllő, 21 June 2011
Radvánszki Ádám -VÁTI Nonprofit Ltd.
Zooming in – is the TA2020 applicable?
• Territorial Agenda 2020 – action oriented
policy framework
• Identification of common challenges,
potentials and priorities
• Application on different territorial levels
• Diverse Europe – details vary
Increased exposure to globalisation: structural
changes after the global economic crisis
• Slow start, fast decline
• Vulnerability was hidden
by quick success
• Economic sustainability
• Structural changes
– Finances
– Real economy
– Macroeconomic
conditions, economic
Gross value added per capita in Local Labour Systems, 2004
Challenges of EU integration and the growing
interdependences of regions
• Integration – quick
decrease of barriers
• Changes in territorial
• Wide range of
neighbour relations
• New opportunities and
increasing competition
Határon átnyúló vonzáskörzet és városkapcsolat
Territorially diverse demographic and social
challenges, segregation of vulnerable groups
• Emigration – loss of qualified
labour force
• Demographic imbalances
within the country
– Shrinking
– Growing
– Ageing
• Segregation – territorial
exclusion in rural areas
• Challenges of Roma integration
– European importance
Change of population 2007-21
Areas with high share of Roma population
Climate change and environmental risks:
geographically diverse impacts
• Diverse impacts –
diverse solutions
• Global change with
local effects
• Local level needs to
Vulnerability of Hungarian micro-regions related to drought
(Source: The 4-Year Development Program to Prevent the
Adverse Effects of Climate Change 2010-2013, VÁTI 2009.)
Energy challenges come to the fore and threaten
regional competitiveness
• High energy
consumption rates
• Dependence on fossil
fuel imports
– Security
– Price
• Wise utilisation of
renewable energy
Loss of biodiversity, vulnerable natural,
landscape and cultural heritage
• Highlighting the
metropolitan area
• Urban sprawl
– Lack of coordination
– Lack of cooperation
– Controversial
territorial impacts of
Promote polycentric and balanced territorial
• Monocentric national
structure with historical
• Polycentric and balanced
system of small and medium
sized towns
• Policy efforts to strengthen
regional poles
• Polycentricity to be
addressed in the wider
territorial context
Number of students in tertiary education, 2007
Encouraging integrated development in cities,
rural and specific regions
• Desintegrated, scattered
• Policy efforts to
encourage integrated
– Within cities
– Between cities and their
Areas of joint planning
Territorial integration in cross-border and
transnational functional regions
• Budapest as centre of
• Integration on regional
and local level varies
Theoretical area of economic influence of
Budapest and surrounding cities
Ensuring global competitiveness of the regions
based on strong local economies
• Economic sustainability
to be achieved
• Rootless foreign
investment – fast results,
increased vulnerabilty
• Embedding foreign
companies into the
regional economy
• Strengthened local
Improving territorial connectivity for individuals,
communities and enterprises
• „All roads lead to
• Roads of European
transport corridors
• Secondary networks
to be improved
• Rail infrastructure
Accessibility of the nearest town with at least 20 000 inhaitants
Managing and connecting ecological, landscape
and cultural values of regions
• Most vulnerable regions:
Budapest and Lake
• Land use regulated by
Application of the Territorial Agenda
• Implementing the Territorial Agenda
does not need new ‘TA-plans’ on
national level
• TA2020 shall feed into existing policies
– Territorial development
– Sectoral policies
• Communication and awareness raising
Thank you for you kind attention!
[email protected]
+36 1 224 3270