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Emerging Science Priorities:
Human Well-being
• Demonstrate the multiple effects/relationships of
human well-being, biodiversity, and ecosystem
services, in order to identify synergies and tradeoffs to more effectively target conservation
• Quantify/measure the benefits and value of
biodiversity and human well-being linkages
(especially relative to the costs of biodiversity
conservation) at different scales
– Use existing projects as experiments to test
hypotheses on the linkages between human wellbeing and conservation
Human Well-being (cont.)
• Investigate overlap of known areas of
importance for biodiversity and human wellbeing at all scales (e.g., climate regulation,
hydrological, and other ES)
• Economic strategies (e.g., PES schemes, such
as REDD) and alternative livelihoods, and their
compatibility with biodiversity conservation
• Research: human-wildlife conflict; zoonotics and
human health
Emerging Science Priorities:
Future Threats
• Research into ongoing and emerging
threats (e.g., deforestation, invasive
species) and their impacts
• Research into the drivers of
existing/emerging threats (e.g., food
security; energy demands)
• Scan for future threats by taking into
account environmental, demographic,
policy, and market trends
Future Threats
Climate change
Identify likely responses of both biodiversity and
human communities to climate change, to identify
which regions need to be prioritized for mitigation
and adaptation actions
Understand the implications of different land-use
scenarios (land use changes, deforestation rates,
landscape composition, etc) for GHG emissions,
biodiversity conservation and human well-being, in
order to inform land-use planning
Emerging Science Priorities:
Decision-support tools
• Site and landscape planning/management tools
– to inform appropriate conservation
actions/interventions at different sites/landscapes
(e.g., conservation coffee)
– to evaluate likely outcomes of planning and
development schemes on biodiversity, human wellbeing and economics
– to determine optimal configurations for achieving both
biodiversity and human welfare objectives (may
require evaluating current land-tenure models that
promote both)
Some considerations on tools
• Conduct a survey of which tools and
methodologies are being used by different CI
divisions and tools- and seek synergies and
• Non-proprietary
• Partnerships
• Access