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Overview of the SSNAPP
Lwandle Mqadi
Phases based “SSNAPP”
The identification phase,
The design phase
The implementation phase and
Monitoring and evaluation phase
The Identification Phase (Top down
and bottom up approaches)
• In-country mapping of physical vulnerabilities to
climate change and climate variability of both
regions/areas and also sectors.
• Poverty and vulnerability mapping
• Information from the mapping is then combined by overlaying
maps of physical vulnerabilities and poverty distribution. This
locates national ‘hot spots’ of climate change/climate
variability and poverty.
• Validation and Verification:
• Data used to identify the hot spots is verified through the site
visits to the “hot-spots” i.e. validation and verification of local
climate change impacts and vulnerabilities faced by
communities at that level
The Design Phase:
• Partnership building and fundraising takes
centre stage during this phase.
• Activities include:
– Identification of key stakeholders within the vulnerable
areas (who might be working either on natural
resources management issues, disaster mitigation
issues, vulnerability and/or development issues)
– The signing of a memorandum of understanding with
the selected partner institution/s
– Drafting of a Project Identification Note based on the
key identified vulnerabilities and potential adaptation
activities is then initiated.
• Project Identification Note Development
– Understanding the risks and vulnerabilities faced by,
and from the perspective of, vulnerable communities;
– Understanding of existing institutional structures
within the vulnerable communities and other
development institutions;
– Identifying potential adaptation activities relevant for
the vulnerable hot-spots and to the communities;
– Drafting of the monitoring and evaluation protocol in
terms of implementation.
• Fundraising: Interaction with potential funders.
The Implementation Phase
• …………………..
Monitoring and Evaluation
• Monitoring and evaluation by the Monitors
using indicators focused on the overall
adaptation programme’s objective;
• Monitoring and evaluation by all involved
stakeholders using indicators generated
by all involved/stakeholders
– sustainable livelihood activities are not
homogeneous and vary from community to
community, sector to sector and region to
– Different types of activities are, therefore,
required to enhance the community’s capacity
to cope with and combat the adverse impacts
of climate variability and change depending
on the circumstances