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Eviter un changement climatique dangereux:
•
Les températures
mondiales ont augmenté
en phase avec les
concentrations de CO2
dans l’atmosphère
•
Pour limiter la hausse
des températures à 2C,
seuil de danger à ne pas
dépasser, les
concentrations de CO2
devront être stabilisées
à 450 ppm.
•
Le PNUD estime le
« budget carbone » pour
le 21 siècle à 1,456 Gt
CO2
Etablir un budget carbone pour le 21 siècle
Objectifs
Sur la base des
émissions en 1990
– Le monde entier :
diminution de 50% d’ici
2050 avec un pic en
2020
– Pays développés:
diminution de 80% d’ici
2050
•Pays en
développement:
diminution de 20% d’ici
2050
3
Three main challenges for 2030
• Not enough non renewable sources of energy
available to meet the trend demands, with no
technology alternative in short term basis (20
years)
• CO2 emission is keeping increasing with t°
increasing with dramatic natural disaster
increasing consequently
• Population increasing: 7 billions with level of life
increasing
• WE HAVE 100 MONTHS TO START TO
CHANGE OUR PARADIGM OF GOVERNING
OUR PLANET
National Governments
United nations
Regions
Private sector
Finance
Expertise
Technologies
Trust Funds
Know how training
Transfer
TOWARDS CARBON NEUTRAL AND CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENT TERRITORIES
TOWARDS CARBON NEUTRAL AND CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENT TERRITORIES
Step 1: Awareness
and training sessions
Step 2: Designing
and preparing CC
strategies
UNFCCC, Kyoto
protocol, UNDP Human
development report
Carbon footprint:
mitigation
Adaptation and mitigation
issues
Best practices and
knowledge management
Transfer of technologies
Available financing
Identification of
most interested
and ready
regions to
enforce
methodologies
Mapping vulnerability :
adaptation
Mitigation and
adaptation strategies
and action plan
Identifying regulations
and financing
Step 3: Climate Change
projects: public
regulations and
construction
Identification
From
strategies and
action plan to
projects
Designing
Certification
Financing
Private Public Partnership
Management
The Partners for Saint Malo
• United Nations: UNDP, UNEP in
collaboration with UNOSAT, ISDR
• Associations of regions: NRG4SD, NF,
AIRF, AER
• Inventories, guidelines: UNDP, UNEP,
ISDR and nrg4sd
• Methdologies: carbon footprint ADEME,
Vulnerability mapping UNOSAT
• Private sector: veolia environment
• Pilot phase regions