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CGIAR
Integrated Systems Approach
to Research on
Sustainable Intensification
R. Asiedu, I. Hoeschle-Zeledon, and E. Koper
IITA
Sustainable Intensification of Cereal-based Farming Systems in the Sudano-Sahelian
Zone of West Africa: Project Design Workshop, Tamale, Ghana, 9-12 January 2012
Vision and system level outcomes
Vision:
• To reduce poverty and hunger, improve human health
and nutrition, and enhance ecosystem resilience through
high-quality international agricultural research,
partnership and leadership
Outcomes:
• reducing rural poverty
• improving food security
• improving nutrition and health
• sustainable management of natural resources
CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs)
• The ongoing change process will in the near future see
the operations of the CGIAR implemented through a
number Research Programs (CRPs).
• These are aimed to better coordinate R4D efforts,
enhance efficiencies, and encourage cooperation and
collaboration with a focus on effective partnerships to
achieve more development impacts.
CGIAR System on-going Reforms
Food security, Poverty, Natural Resources, Under-nutrition
Impact by 2025
 Increase yield 60%
 Sustain annual growth 0.5 %
 Reduce poverty 15 %
CGIAR Research Programs
Code
Title
Lead Center
1.1 Integrated production systems in dry areas
ICARDA
1.2 Integrated systems for the humid tropics
IITA
1.3 Aquatic agricultural systems
WorldFish
2 Policies, institutions and markets
IFPRI
3.1 Wheat
CIMMYT
3.2 Maize
CIMMYT
3.3 GRiSP – A global rice science partnership
IRRI
3.4 Roots, tubers and bananas
CIP
3.5 Grain legumes
ICRISAT
3.6 Dryland cereals
ICRISAT
3.7 Meat, milk and fish
ILRI
4 Agriculture for nutrition and health
IFPRI
5 Water, land and ecosystems
IWMI
6 Forests, trees and agroforestry
CIFOR
7 Climate change, agriculture, food security
CIAT
CRP 3: Commodities
Grain
legumes
Cereals
Roots,
Tubers, &
Bananas
Livestock
& Fish
Assessment of new crop varieties/breeds and best
management/husbandry technologies
CRP 1.1
CRP 1.3
Production systems
Dryland
Aquatic
CRP 1.2 Humidtropics Domain
systems
systems
Markets
policy
support
Policies &
Markets
CRP 2
value
addition
Nutrition
& Health
CRP 4
NRM integrity
forest
Integrated
Soil Fertility margins
Management
Water &
Land
CRP 5
carbon
dynamics
Forests &
Trees
CRP 6
Climate
Change
CRP 7
Humidtropics R4D Impact Model
CRP 1.1 Target Systems
• Areas/systems with the deepest endemic poverty
and most vulnerable populations often associated
with severe natural resource degradation and
extreme environmental variability.
• Systems with the greatest potential for impact on
poverty in the short to medium term
CRP 1.1 Strategic Research Themes
• SRT 1: Approaches and models for strengthening innovation
systems, building stakeholder innovation capacity, and linking
knowledge to policy action
• SRT 2: Reducing vulnerability and managing risk, leading to resilient
dryland agro-ecosystems with less vulnerable and improved
livelihoods of rural communities
• SRT 3: Sustainable intensification for more productive, profitable
and diversified dryland agriculture with well-established linkages to
markets
• SRT 4: Measuring impact and cross-regional synthesis
SRT1. Better functioning innovation
systems
1.2 Partners
2.1 Design
2.2 Scaling out
2.3 Trade-offs
3.1 Design
3.2 Scaling out
3.3 Trade-offs
4.2 Characterization and prioritization
SRT4. Targeting, characterization
& impact
Overview of CRP1.1 Strategic Research Themes (SRTs) & their Outputs
CRP 1.1 Benchmark Areas focusing on reducing vulnerability (SRT2 type) or on
sustainable intensification (SRT3 type). Circles/ovals indicate the 5 target regions
Action Site Transects and Satellite Sites in the West African Sahel and dry savannas
Impact zones and IITA hubs
Production system platforms
Collaborative platforms
 USAID Feed the future
 AGRA & BMGF
 Millennium villages
 Regional priorities
 FARA learning sites
Integration of IITA research with CRPs
DDG-R
Humidtropics and System integration
CRP 1.2
D1
Biotechnology
Biotech
& Genetic
&Genetic
Improvement
Improvement
CRP 3.4
CRP 3.4
,D2
D2
NRM
NRM
CRP5,
5, CRP
CRP 1.2,
CRP
1.2,
CRP
CRP 77
D3
D3
Social Sciences &
Social
Science&
Commercialization
Commercialization
CRP 2, CRP 4
CRP 2,D4
CRP 4
Plant
Plant &
Production
production&
Health
CRP health
3.5, CRP 3.2
CRP 3.5,CRP
3.2
D5
D4
D5
Gender and M&E
Capacity building
West
Africa
Central
Africa
East
Africa
Southern
Africa