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Transcript
Global Governance
Institutions
 Regimes
 Transnational
Networks

Global Politics Global Governance



Challenges traditional distinctions: inside/outside,
territorial/non-territorial
Highlights richness and complexity of “the political”
and the interconnections between actors
Both Formal and Informal orgs.
–
–
–
–

States
Intergovernmental Organizations, international agencies,
supranational institutions (EU)
non-state actors: NGOs, MNCs
Transnational advocacy networks and social movements
Not just political/security issues: other economic, social,
ecological questions
–
Pollution, human rights, drugs, terrorism
“International Regime”


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“implicit or explicit principles, norms, rules, and
decision-making procedures around which actor
expectations converge in a given issue area of
international relations” (Krasner, 1983, p. 2)
Not just temporary or ad hoc agreements
““intervening variables” between basic power and
economic structures of the international system and
definite outcomes” (Held et.al. 1999)
Regimes of International
Governance: for example:



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Polar bear agreement/Antarctica/Outer space
Law of the sea regime/fisheries
International air transport/telecommunications
Security regimes
–
–

Global trade and finance:
–
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Europe: NATO/EU/OSCE, etc.
Nuclear testing and non-proliferation
WTO/IMF/G7/MNC’s/Anti-globalization movement/Fair trade
networks
Human rights
Environmental issues: climate change
Why is there such growth in global
governance?

Increasing global enmeshment

Westphalian system “Balance of Power”
not sufficient to prevent extreme forms of
violence against humanity and other common
problems in the public domain
Key elements of transformation:

Individuals and groups have become recognized as
subjects of international law (not just the state)

International law not just about security, geopolitics
–

Economic, social, environmental issues
International law emanates not just from consent of
states, but from “will of the international
community”dense patchwork of regulatory
mechanisms and regimes
–
–
Growing pressure of NGOs for new forms of accountability
Desire to deal with collective policy problems
Internationalization of the state

Agreements and political activity between
states
–
–
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Policy networks: department to department
High level summits: G8, EU, IMF, APEC,
MERCOSUR summits
4000 annual conferences sponsored by IGOs
Supranational organizations


European Union
Economic structures
–
Nafta, Asean, Mercosur, FTAA, Cafta
UN System

International deliberative forum in which
developing countries have +/- equal status
–

Governance of “international public goods”
–

Formal framework for decolonization
Air traffic control, telecom, postal service,
contagious diseases, relief for refugees,
environmental commons
Forum for collective decision-making,
–
human rights, women’s rights, AIDS,
Transnationalization

Relations and activities cutting across national
territorial boundaries
– Production and finance


–
International NGOs: 1951: 8321996: 5472


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MNCs
Banks and finance/ also remittances from migrant
networks
Green peace
International Confederation of Trade Unions (ICTU)
Religious congresses
Social NGOs: Oxfam, Red Cross, Religious development orgs
Action at a distance
The Boomerang Pattern
Transnational communities (informal)

Migrants
–
–
Economic impacts
Political impacts of new “boundaryless” identities



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Citizenship: voting from a distance
Non-citizens influences place of residence
Different ideas meshing together
Civil Society: Informal Development
networks
–
–
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Sister Cities
ICT4D community
Engineers without Borders
Global Governance Cosmopolitan
Law

Global Environmental Law
–
“Economic Zones”

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“Common Heritage of Mankind”

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Convention on the Moon and other Celestial Bodies
Convention on the Law of the Sea
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
–

Continental shelf-200 miles from coast
Montreal Protocol on CFCs
Kyoto Protocol? On track or stalled?
Case for Global Governance?

Distinctions between domestic and foreign affairs is
vaguer “Boundary problem”
–
–
–
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AIDS
Climate
Nuclear waste
Financial markets
Terrorism
Political control is no longer assumed to be located
within boundaries of single nation-state alone
Sovereignty not completely subverted, just augmented;
however it is no longer exclusive and indivisible
“Overlapping communities of fate”