Wrap Up: Where do we go from here? Dr. Irene Henriques JPAC Member for Canada Associate Professor, Schulich School of Business, York University Challenge I would like everyone in this room to now change your perspective. I want us to move away from a position of dismay and paralysis to one of hope and change. How can each of you, in your respective organizations – whether citizen of a country, government leader, member of an NGO, business leader, scientist, medical health professional, community leader, employee, entrepreneur, educator – initiate change? Panel I: Continued Growth and Integration of North American Societies What are the prospects for integrating environmental considerations in the development of an integrated North American transportation sector? Is North America prepared to receive the influx of people who will be displaced by environmental disasters/stresses around the world? Are businesses, government and citizens prepared to take action on things that they have influence on today instead of pointing fingers – in other words, are we prepared to show leadership? Panel II: Global Environmental Change – The Challenges for NA It has been said that there are only three options when considering how we respond to the impacts of climate change: mitigation, adaptation, and suffering. Given the complexity of the challenge, what is the importance of international cooperation, and what is the importance for local, country-specific action? Does the existence of complexity and uncertainty mean we do nothing? How can we prepare our health system to meet not only an aging population but also building flexibility in our medical system to address climate change risks? Are we not all stakeholders in this problem and should we not all take responsibility? Panel III: Environmental Security Security is no longer a purely homeland defense or public safety concept. Energy security may prompt us to explore previously ignored or protected sources of oil. Is this the socially optimal solution? Food security may become a more prominent issue as the agricultural output is reduced by climate change and the conversion of crops into fuel. Are we willing to accept the consequences this may have on food supply? The possibility of abrupt and cataclysmic weather events can have serious economic and social consequences. Thus, we see that security concerns can have environmental implications (e.g. from increased oil production and consumption), which can in turn have consequences for security Leadership Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things. Peter F. Drucker Don't tell people how to do things, tell them what to do and let them surprise you with their results. George S. Patton A leader is a dealer in hope. Napoleon Bonaparte Let us be leaders to future generations….