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Transcript
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Presented by Mr. Williams
I'm not a very good writer, but I'm
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Writing should not be treated as a
“once and done” activity.
Sample Prompt:
Almost every part of the world is
sometimes hit by a disaster:
earthquakes, flood, hurricanes,
tornadoes or fires. In your essay,
focus on one type of disaster that
has been known to hit a
particular area with which you
are familiar. What kinds of
problems should people be
prepared for when such a disaster
hits. What should people do to
prepare themselves for such a
disaster?
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Writing should not be treated as a
“once and done” activity.
The Four Stages
•Planning
•Organizing
•Drafting
•Revising
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Writing should not be treated as a
“once and done” activity.
Planning
Think about what you
want to say
Find things to write
about
Identify a main idea
that you want to convey
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Focus on your
Assignment, Purpose,
and Audience
Assignment: What are
you expected to write
about?
Purpose: Why are you
writing?
Audience: For whom are
you writing?
(Focus on Writing: Kirszner and Mandell)
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
“Fail to Plan; Fail to Succeed.
There is no achievement without a
plan.”
Assignment
What is your assignment?
Do you have a word or page limit?
When is your assignment due?
Will you be expected to complete your
assignment at home or in class?
Will you be expected to work on your own
or with others?
Will you be allowed to revise before or
after you hand in your assignment?
(Focus on Writing: Kirszner and Mandell)
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
“Fail to Plan; Fail to Succeed.
There is no achievement without a
plan.”
Purpose
Are you expected to express your
personal reactions-for example, to
tell how you feel about a news
event?
Are you expected to present
information-for example, to
describe a process in a lab report?
Are you expected to take a position
on controversial issue?
(Focus on Writing: Kirszner and Mandell)
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
“Fail to Plan; Fail to Succeed.
There is no achievement without a
plan.”
Audience
Who will read your paper-just your
instructor or other students as well?
How much will your readers know
about your topic?
Will your readers expect you to use
formal or informal language?
(Focus on Writing: Kirszner and Mandell)
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
“Fail to Plan; Fail to Succeed.
There is no achievement without a
plan.”
Four Strategies
•Freewriting
•Brainstorming
•Clustering
•Journal Writing
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
self-discipline
Immature behavior
An important decision
A recent invention
Ads on television
Handling money wisely
My favorite place
Unsafe driving
Healthy foods
A good book
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Identifying a Main Idea/Writing a
Topic Sentence
Community service takes time, but it is
so important that college students should
be required to do it.
Many people are convinced that large
doses of Vitamin C will prevent the
common cold.
Climate change, a crisis for our cities.
High school science courses should teach
students about climate change.
In this paragraph, I will discuss global
warming.
Buying books online.
College students can save money by buying
their textbooks on-line.
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Identifying a Main Idea/Writing a
Topic Sentence
Effectively Written Topic
Sentences are written as
complete sentences:
Topic: Community service
Topic Sentence:
Community service should
be a required activity for
all students at Brooklyn
Tech.
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Identifying a Main Idea/Writing a
Topic Sentence
Effectively Written Topic
Sentences are more than
announcements of what writers
plan to say:
Announcement: In this
paragraph, I will explain my
ideas about community service.
Topic Sentence: My ideas about
community service changed
after I started to volunteer at a
homeless shelter.
THE PROCESS OF
WRITING
Identifying a Main Idea/Writing a
Topic Sentence
Effectively Written Topic
Sentences present an idea that
can be discussed in a single
paragraph:
Broad Topic Sentence: Students
all over the country participate
in community service, making
important contributions to their
communities.
Effective Topic Sentence: The
community service requirement
at Brooklyn Tech has had three
positive results.