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Chapter 22
Section 3
Expanding Interests in Asia and Latin
A Power in the Pacific
• ? What steps increased American influence
in East Asia and the Pacific?
• In 1850s, Commodore Perry opened Japan
to Western trade and culture.
• 1890s – Japan defeated China.
• Spheres of influence – areas where foreign
nations claimed special rights and economic
The U.S. and China
• 1890s; many European countries and Japan
established prosperous settlements along the
coast of China.
• U.S. (John Hays) proposed Open Door
Policy No single country should have a
monopoly on trade with China.
• Chinese against foreigners; Boxer Rebellion
– uprising of Chinese against foreigners.
America secures the Philippines
• 1902- U.S. put down the independence
movement in the Philippines.
• Philippines would provide a path to Chinese
• U.S. controlled a chain of islands in the
Pacific; Hawaii and Guam. (pg. 704-705)
U.S. Interests in Latin America
• ? Why did the U.S. get involved in Latin
• Panama Canal – needed a connection
between the Altlantic and Pacific.
• U.S. supported a revolution in Panama to
secure rights for the canal.
• Eventually paid (1921) Colombia $25
Panama Canal
• Construction began in 1906; finished in
• 44,000 workers.
• Cost $350-$380 million to build.
• More than 5,500 died of disease and
• Malaria – an infectious disease marked by
cycles of chills and fever.
U.S. Involvement in Latin
• Businesses wanted resources from the South;
bananas, coffee, copper. Sell at higher prices in
the U.S.
• Land for farming and mining.
• Theodore Roosevelt – reminded Europe of the
Monroe Doctrine.
• Added the Roosevelt Corollary – authorizing U.S.
to police the region; would intervene in Latin
America’s domestic affairs if necessary.