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Transcript
```Balancing Chemical Equations
Balanced Chemical Equations
• Atoms can’t be created or destroyed in
an ordinary reaction:
 Law of Conservation of Matter
end up with (meaning: balanced!)
• A balanced equation has the same
number of each element on both sides
of the equation.
Steps for balancing:
1) Find the correct formulas and write a skeleton
equation.
2) Count the number of atoms of each type on
both sides.
3) Balance the elements one at a time by adding
coefficients (the numbers in front)
- save balancing the H and O until LAST!
(hint: I prefer to save O until the very last)
4) Double-Check to make sure it is balanced.
• Never change a subscript to balance an equation
(You can only change coefficients)
– If you change the subscript (formula) you are
describing a different chemical.
– H2O is a different compound than H2O2
• Never put a coefficient in the middle of a formula;
they must go only in the front
2NaCl is okay, but Na2Cl is not.
Example:
F2 + KCl
F=2
K=1
Cl = 1
Cl2 + KF
F=1
K=1
Cl = 2
Example:
F2 + KCl
F=2
K=1
Cl = 1
Cl2 + 2KF
F = 1\ 2
K = 1\ 2
Cl = 2
Example:
F2 +2 KCl
F=2
K = 1\ 2
Cl = \12
Cl2 + 2KF
F = 1\ 2
K = 1\ 2
Cl = 2
Practice Balancing Examples
_Mg + _N2  _Mg3N2
Mg =
Mg =
N=
N=
Practice Balancing Examples
_P + _O2  _P4O10
P=
P=
O=
O=
Practice Balancing Examples
_Na + _H2O  _H2 + _NaOH
Na=
Na=
H=
H=
O=
O=
Practice Balancing Examples
_CH4 + _O2  _CO2 + _H2O
C=
C=
H=
H=
O=
O=
Practice Balancing Examples
_AgNO3 + _Cu  _Cu(NO3)2 + _Ag
Ag =
Ag =
NO3 =
NO3 =
Cu =
Cu =
```