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Transcript
Progression in Geography Skills
Skills
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Geographical
Language
Geographical
language to describe
feature or location
Geographical language
to describe feature or
location e.g. hill/a
local/a road/coastline.
To describe route and
direction – 8 compass
points e.g.
N,S,E,W,NW,NE,SW,
SE
To describe route and
direction linking
N/S/E/W with degrees
on the compass.
To describe route and
direction, location
linking 8 points of
compass to degrees on
compass.
Describe route,
direction, location.
Beach, cliff, coast,
forest hill, mountain
sea, ocean, river, soil,
valley, vegetation,
season and weather
Woods/Village/
farmland
City, town, village,
factory, farm, house,
office, port, harbour
and shop
Enquiry (builds
on questions
from previous
years)
Ask geographical
questions e.g. what is
it like to live in this
place?
Locational
Knowledge
Name and locate the
world’s seven
continents and five
oceans
Name and locate and
identify
characteristics of the
four countries and
capital cities of the
United Kingdom and
its surrounding area
Link words to topic .e.g
river/meander/flood/plai
n/
Location
Link words to
topic/theme e.g.
contour/height
Valley
Industry/transport
Ask geographical
questions – where is
this place? What is it
like? How has it
changed?
Link words to them e.g.
river –
erosion/depositation/
transportation: coasts –
long shore
drift/headland
16 points on compass
to degrees on
compass.
Link words to theme
e.g. settlement –
urban/rural/land
use/sustainability:
rivers –
confluence/tributary
Ask Geographical
questions: where is
this location? What do
you think about it?
Ask questions – what is
this landscape like?
What will it be like in
the future?
Ask questions: What is
this landscape like?
How has it changed?
What made it change?
How is it changing?
Ask questions: What
is this landscape like?
How is it changing?
What patterns can you
see/how has the
pattern changed?
Identify the position of
the Northern, southern
hemisphere, the tropics
of cancer and
Capricorn and Artic and
Artic circle
Locate the world’s
countries, using maps
to focus on Europe
(including the location
of Russia) and North
and South America,
concentrating on their
environmental regions,
key physical and
human characteristics,
countries and major
cities.
Identify key
topographical features
(including hills,
mountains, coasts and
rivers)
Name and locate
cities and counties of
the United Kingdom
Identify the position and
significance of latitude,
Name and locate
geographical regions
and identify human
and physical
characteristics
Identify land patterns
and understand how
these have changed
over time
longitude and the
equator
Place
Knowledge
Human and
Physical
Geography
Identify seasonal and
daily weather patterns
of the United
Kingdom.
Geographical
Skills and field
work
Use maps, atlases,
globes to identify the
United Kingdom and
its countries as well
as oceans around the
world
Use simple compass
directions N, S, E, W
to describe a route
Make simple maps
and plans
Explore maps of the
local area
Understand
geographical
similarities and
differences through
studying the human
and physical geography
of a small area of the
United Kingdom, and of
a small area in a
contrasting nonEuropean country
(Australia)
Identify the locations of
hot and cold areas of
the world in relation to
the equator and the
North and South poles
Use maps, atlases,
globes to identify the
countries and oceans
studied within key
stage 1
Identify time zones
including Greenwich
mean time
Understand
geographical
similarities and
differences through the
study of human and
physical geography of a
region of the UK, a
region in a European
country and a region
within North or South
America
Use aerial photographs
and plan perspectives
to recognise landmarks
and simple basic
human and physical
features; devise a
Understand
geographical
similarities and
differences through
the study of human
and physical
geography of a region
of the UK compared to
our own region.
Describe and
understand; volcanoes
and earthquakes
Describe and
understand; climate
zones, biomes and
vegetation belts, land
use and economic
activity and trade links
Describe and
understand; the water
cycle, rivers and
mountains
Draw maps more
accurately.
Use 8 points of the
compass
Use 4 and 6 figure grid
references, symbols
and keys
Describe and
understand; types of
settlements, the
distribution natural
resources including
energy, food, minerals
and water
Use 4 and 6 figure
grid references,
symbols and keys
Plan view (from above)
Draw accurate map –
develop more complex
key
Draw in scale –
accuracy of scale
Locate
information/place with
speed and accuracy
Use key accurately
Use locational and
directional language to
describe a route on a
map e.g. near, far, left,
right
Understand
geographical
similarities and
differences through the
study of human and
physical geography of a
region of the UK and a
region within North or
South America
(Amazon)
Use contents/index to
locate page quickly and
accurately (ICT)
Use contents/index to
locate position of
location including
page/coordi
nates
Locate
information/place with
speed and accuracy
Use key to make
deductions about
landscape/industry/feat
ure etc
Use key to make
deductions about
landscape/industry/
features etc
simple map; and use
and construct basic
symbols in a key
Use simple fieldwork
and observational skills
to study the geography
of their school and its
grounds and key
human and physical
features of its
surrounding
environment.
Compare two
settlements
Use globes, maps,
plans at a range of
scales
Use content/index to
locate country/draw
information from a map
Fieldwork:
Where, why?
Use simple field
sketches
Use fieldwork
techniques
Use a camera
Use simple field
sketches and diagrams,
use a camera
Use more detailed field
sketches and diagrams
Field sketches should
show understanding of
pattern/movement/chan
ge
Field sketches should
show understanding
of pattern/movement/
change