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ABS Workshop on “certificate of origin/source/legal provenance”, Addis Ababa March 28th-30th 2007 Commercialisation of alkaliphilic bacteria originating from Kenya Peter Munyi International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) [email protected] Name and type of genetic resource Alkaliphilic Bacterium (Extremophiles) -micro organisms that thrive under extreme conditions including high Ph and salt concentration and which live in the highly caustic lakes of Kenya’s Rift Valley so called ‘soda’ lakes. Actors involved The Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) (Kenya) University of Leicester (UK) Genencor International (USA) Gist Brocades (the Netherlands) How the genetic resource is used To manufacture a product, Indiage, that softens the fabric denim giving them the faded look. To manufacture a product, Puradax, an ingredient in washing powders. Both products are believed to be enzymes maintained and multiplied through cloning. There is no known tk related to these products Genencor’s 2002 Annual Report Type/kind of ABS Agreement None Agreed benefits in the agreement None as no agreement exists However, the understanding is that ex post facto arrangements are under negotiation. Benefits realised to date • None, as no agreement exists. • However, the understanding is that these are under negotiations. Conclusions Lack of clarity in Kenya’s legal framework has been cited as the cause of this case. Lack of capacity and resources to address the issue in key Kenyan institutions. Problems in regulating research in the academic sector. Enforcement questions. Issues arising due to pre and post CBD collections Questions and/or comments?? Thank you!!