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Transcript
Name
Class
Date
U.S. History 1st Semester EOC Practice Test
Directions
Read each question carefully and choose the BEST answer. Then mark the
space on your answer document for the answer you have chosen.
1.
A.
B.
C.
D.
(A.2.1) Southern states began to secede from the Union as a result of the–
election of Abraham Lincoln.
Emancipation Proclamation.
passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
attack on Fort Sumter.
2. (A.2.4) What items shown on the time line were responsible for the freedom of a
group of Americans?
A. The Emancipation Proclamation and the Thirteenth Amendment
B. Lincoln blockading Confederate ports and the Gettysburg Address
C. The Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address
D. Lincoln’s reelection and Lincoln blockading Confederate ports
3. (A.2.1.) The main point of the Anaconda Plan was to blockade Southern ports
because that would force the Confederates
A. to travel a different route that would take much less time than before.
B. to run out of resources faster and have to surrender.
C. to be intimidated into surrendering.
D. to suffer the greatest loss of life.
4.
A.
B.
C.
D.
(A.2.3) Reconstruction was the federal government’s program to rebuild–
the Northern economy after the Civil War.
the U.S. military after the Civil War.
the South after the Civil War.
Washington, D.C., after the Civil War.
5. (A.2.1) Congressmen supporting full citizenship rights for former enslaved African
Americans were called—
A.
B.
C.
D.
Copperheads.
Abolitionists.
Carpetbaggers.
Radical Republicans.
6. (A.2.6) How did sharecropping lead to debt peonage?
A. Landowners became indebted to their sharecroppers.
B. Sharecroppers fell deeply into debt because the value of the crop did not cover their
debts.
C. Sharecroppers had to buy land, seed, and tools on credit from the landowners.
D. Landowners shared losses equally with their sharecroppers.
7. (A.2.6) State laws which allowed Southerners to restrict the rights of African
Americans were called—
A. Nadirs.
B. literacy tests.
C. poll taxes.
D. Black Codes.
8. (A.2.3) Judging from the illustration above, ____ was most important to
emancipated African Americans at the time.
A. it would be difficult to determine what
B. food provided by the Freedmen’s Bureau
C. the Freedmen’s Bureau’s responsibility for allotting land
D. gathering for educational instruction provided by the Freemen’s Bureau
9.
A.
B.
C.
D.
(A.2.7) By the late 1880s, where did most Native Americans live?
east of the Appalachian Mountains
on reservations
in the Rocky Mountains
in urban settings
10. (A.3.1) The political party formed by farmers was the—
A. Socialist Party.
B. Democratic Party.
C. Populist Party.
D. Progressive Party.
11. (A.3.1) Farmers wanted to see government restriction of—
A. railroads.
B. unions.
C. steel mills.
D. banks.
12. (A.3.5) Through their inventions, all of the following contributed to the breakfast
you might eat, except for
A. Ashbourne.
B. Bell.
C. Latimer.
D. Elkins.
13. (A.3.2) Which of the following was a result of the second industrial revolution?
A. Immigrants came to America.
B. Cities grew dramatically.
C. Rural areas were more settled.
D. Farmers profited because there were new markets for their crops.
14. (A.3.3) Which statement describes both the First and Second Industrial
Revolutions?
A Both revolutions resulted in migration from urban to rural areas.
B. Both revolutions produced technologies that improved productivity.
C. Both revolutions led to an increase in the number of farmers.
D. Both revolutions relied on steel and oil resources to promote growth.
15. (A.3.4) How did John D. Rockefeller achieve a monopoly for his Standard Oil
Company?
A. He produced better and cheaper oil.
B. He developed a trust to legally shield his holdings from the government.
C. He encouraged his competitors to join his company.
D. He undercut competitors and drove them out of business.
16. (A.3.4) The best way to describe this industrial wheel of progress chart is
A. new workers alone could make industry progress.
B. new technology is the specific driving force.
C. without new high tariffs, industry would continue to stagnate.
D. numerous factors contributed to the success that drove industry forward.
17. (A.3.5) Why was the invention of the vacuum canning process by Amanda Jones
significant?
A. It improved the flavor of fresh products.
B. It marked a change in the process of awarding patents.
C. It improved American food production by eliminating spoilage through bacteria growth.
D. It was the first patent ever awarded to a woman.
18. (A.3.6) Which statement BEST explains the situation described by Lincoln
Steffens and Claude Wetmore?
A. Rapid growth of cities led to housing shortages, lack of services, and crowded, dirty
tenements.
B. Rapid industrialization led to a growth of rural populations and a lack of rural services.
C. City bosses did not care about the needs of their constituents.
D. St. Louis was unlike other American cities in that it lacked good housing and services.
19. (A.3.8) Progressives such as Jane Addams worked to improve the lives of urban
poor by
establishing—
A. corporations.
B. tenements.
C. granges.
D. settlement houses.
20. (A.3.9) Which of the following would likely have been a demand of the Ladies
Garment
Workers Union?
A. company provision of supper money
B. shorter hours
C. lower wages
D. letting children work with their mothers
21. (A.3.7) The term “American melting pot” refers to–
A. industrialization in the United States.
B. the assimilation of immigrants in the United States.
C. urbanization in the United States.
D. innovations and inventions in the United States.
22. (A.3.9) This quotation from the Preamble to the Constitution of the Knights of
Labor refers to the—
A. vast wealth accumulated by labor unions.
B. vast wealth accumulated by the middle class.
C. wealth of a few gained by the labor of the poor.
D. pauperization of the middle class.
23. (A.3.10) This quotation explains Carnegie’s view about—
A. Social Darwinism.
B. Gospel of Wealth.
C. Social Gospel.
D. Manifest Destiny.
24. (A.3.11) From this quotation, you can infer that William Marcy Tweed was a big
city—
A. political boss.
B. corporate leader.
C. progressive.
D. socialist.
25. (A.3.12) What do these graphs reveal about child labor and school enrollment
before 1900?
A. Both child labor and school enrollment increased.
B. Both child labor and school enrollment declined.
C. Child labor increased while school enrollment declined.
D. Child labor declined while school enrollment increased.
26. (A.3.13) On a timeline of Henry Morrison Flagler’s life, which of these events
would be last?
A. building Hotel Ponce de Leon in St. Augustine
B. building the Florida Over-Sea Railroad
C. providing capital to John D. Rockefeller
D. building the Florida East Coast Railway company
27. (A.4.1) President Taft’s policy in Latin America was called–
A. moral diplomacy.
B. dollar diplomacy.
C. the Open Door Policy.
D. big stick diplomacy.
28. (A.4.1) Choose the answer choice that best explains why the vast majority of U.S.
exports went to the United Kingdom in the period shown in the graphic.
A. The United Kingdom was geographically closer than other countries.
B. The United States had a long-established trading relationship with the United Kingdom.
C. Residents of the United States and the United Kingdom both spoke English.
D. The United Kingdom and the United States used the same currency.
29. (A.4.1) The Open Door Policy was a result of America’s–
A. desire for free trade with China.
B. interest in trade with Japan.
C. demand that all western powers leave China.
D. interest in trade with Europe.
30. (A.4.2) U.S. sugar plantation owners gained power by convincing the king to limit
the vote to wealthy landowners in—
A. Puerto Rico.
B. the Philippines.
C. Hawaii.
D. Cuba.
31. (A.4.3) “Remember the Maine” was the battle cry in which war?
A. Civil War
B. Spanish-American War
C. Panamanian revolt
D. World War I
32. (A.4.4) Which diseases needed to be overcome for work to progress on the
Panama Canal?
A. typhus
B. cholera
C. typhoid
D. malaria
U.S. Actions in the Pacific
U.S. Actions in Latin America
Expanded Chinese and Japanese markets
Invited Latin American countries to trade with
United States at Pan-American Conference
Supported Cuba’s rebellion against Spain
Annexed the Midway Islands as refueling depots
for navy
Built coaling stations on Samoan Islands
American business leaders led successful
campaign for Hawaiian annexation
Built the Panama Canal
Issued the Roosevelt Corollary, stating that the
United States would intervene in Latin America to
maintain stability
33. (A. 4.5) The Roosevelt Corollary was seen as a statement which was built upon the
A. Open Door Policy.
B. Platt Amendment.
C. Monroe Doctrine.
D. Declaration of Independence.
34. (A.4.2) According to the time line, in what year did the United States first acquire
territory outside the continent of North America?
A. 1901
B. 1890
C. 1898
D. 1903
35. (A.4.5) Which war did Americans fight to “make the world safe for democracy”?
A. The War of 1812
B. The Civil War
C. World War I
D. World War II
36. (A. 4.5) Which of the following authorized a draft for the military in World War I?
A. Selective Service Act
B. War Industries Board
C. Committee on Public Information
D. Sedition Act
37. (A.4.6) Which department was established to provide propaganda for “selling”
Americans on World War I?
A. War Industries Board
B. Works Progress Administration
C. Civilian Conservation Corps
D. Committee on Public Information
38. (A.4.7) The new weapons of World War I led to a war of—
A. attrition.
B. action.
C. high death counts.
D. limited casualties.
39. (A. 4.8) African Americans in World War I served in what kind of units?
A. integrated
B. segregated
C. assimilated
D. units led by African American officers
40. (A.4.8) According to the graphic, by how much did the total female labor force
grow between 1900 and 1920?
A. 310,000
B. 2,300,000
C. 4,525,000
D. 3,230,000
41. (A.4.9) When men left agricultural work in the southwestern United States to serve
in the
military in World War I, their places were largely taken by which group?
A. Mexicans
B. Puerto Ricans
C. African Americans
D. women
42. (A.4.10) The prosperity of the 1920s became threatened by—
A. too much wealth being concentrated in the hands of farmers.
B. a lack of credit and steady decline in worker productivity.
C. restrictions that limited how many stocks an individual could own.
D. uneven distribution of wealth and growing consumer debt.
43. (A.4.10) Where were most of the new countries that were created after World War I
located?
A. Soviet Union
B. Africa
C. Central and Eastern Europe
D. Northern and Western Europe
44. (A.4.11) Which Florida town was selected as the embarkation point for U.S. forces
heading to Cuba in the Spanish American War?
A. Jacksonville
B. Miami
C. St. Augustine
D. Tampa
45. (A.5.1) How did the earnings of agricultural employees change between 1918 and
1928?
A. There was very little change between 1918 and 1928.
B. Earnings were higher by $50 in 1928.
C. Earnings were lower by $100 in 1928.
D. Earnings remained the same throughout the entire decade.
46. (A.5.2) Which statement is TRUE regarding Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo
Vanzetti?
A. The two men were German-born anarchists who killed a Boston paymaster.
B. The two men were arrested for murder but acquitted.
C. Although there was no hard evidence to link the two to the murder, both men were found
guilty and put to death.
D. Both men were killed by a mob of angry anarchists.
47. (A.5.3) The purpose of the Dawes Plan was to—
A. prevent war and settle disputes between nations.
B. enable Germany to pay war debts so that Britain and France could pay the United States.
C. outlaw war.
D. limit construction of warships
48. (A.5.4) Which of the following was MOST important in enabling Henry Ford to
produce
automobiles faster and at less cost?
A. assembly line
B. custom-made parts
C. chassis production
D. interest in automobiles
49. (A.5.6) Which Constitutional amendment prohibited the production and sale of
alcoholic beverages?
A. Eighteenth Amendment
B. Nineteenth Amendment
C. Twentieth Amendment
D. Twenty-First Amendment
50. (A.5.10) During the 1920s, which group pressed for passage of an Equal Rights
Amendment?
A. National American Woman Suffrage Association
B. National Women’s Party
C. Republican Party
D. Progressives
EOC Midterm Answer Key
Question #/ Teacher Remarks
Answer
Standard
1
A
SS.912.A.2.1
2
A
SS.912.A.2.4
3
B
SS.912.A.2.1
4
C
SS.912.A.2.3
5
D
SS.912.A.2.1
6
B
SS.912.A.2.6
7
D
SS.912.A.2.6
8
B
SS.912.A.2.3
9
B
SS.912.A.2.7
10
C
SS.912.A.3.1
11
A
SS.912.A.3.1
12
B
SS.912.A.3.5
13
C
SS.912.A.3.2
14
B
SS.912.A.3.3
15
D
SS.912.A.3.4
16
D
SS.912.A.3.4
17
C
SS.912.A.3.5
18
A
SS.912.A.3.6
19
D
SS.912.A.3.8
20
B
SS.912.A.3.9
21
B
SS.912.A.3.7
22
C
SS.912.A.3.9
23
B
SS.912.A.3.10
24
A
SS.912.A.3.11
25
A
SS.912.A.3.12
26
B
SS.912.A.3.13
Question #/ Teacher Remarks
Answer
Standard
27
B
SS.912.A.4.1
28
B
SS.912.A.4.1
29
A
SS.912.A.4.1
30
C
SS.912.A.4.2
31
B
SS.912.A.4.3
32
D
SS.912.A.4.4
33
C
SS.912.A.4.5
34
C
SS.912.A.4.2
35
C
SS.912.A.4.5
36
A
SS.912.A.4.5
37
D
SS.912.A.4.6
38
C
SS.912.A.4.7
39
B
SS.912.A.4.8
40
D
SS.912.A.4.8
41
A
SS.912.A.4.9
42
D
SS.912.A.4.10
43
C
SS.912.A.4.10
44
D
SS.912.A.4.11
45
A
SS.912.A.5.1
46
C
SS.912.A.5.2
47
B
SS.912.A.5.3
48
A
SS.912.A.5.4
49
A
SS.912.A.5.6
50
B
SS.912.A.5.10