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Eating Disorders
Mental health disorders
characterized by dysfunctional
eating/behavior patterns, etc.
Eating Disorders
• According to the DSM-VR:
• Anorexia Nervosa - over control
• Bulimia Nervosa and Bulimarexiaalternating control and lack of control
• Binge Eating - loss of control
Eating Disorders
• Disorders share these traits:
• Dissatisfaction with body image
• Self-critical
• Control is a major issue
• Don’t manage stress well
Other Common Characteristics of
Anorexics & Bulimics
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•
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•
•
Usually NOT the oldest child.
Compliant child/adult – “good” person.
Good student.
Some have over-controlling parents.
Some are survivors of sexual abuse.
Anorexia Nervosa
• Affects 1% of women in U.S.
• Weighs 15% below normal body weight.
• Hasn’t menstruated for at least three
months.
• Self-starvation (avg. 300-600 cal./day)
• Views self as fat.
• Often compulsive exercising.
Anorexia Nervosa
• Don’t eat enough to maintain a
reasonable body weight
• Insecure about themselves
• Self-worth based upon body image
• Nearly three million Americans, mostly
young women, have anorexia
Anorexia Nervosa
• Health risks
• Cease menstruation - amenorrhea
• Damage to major organs
• Depression and suicide
• Treatment
• Therapy – education, cognitive therapy, and
behavior modification; have to learn new
eating and thinking habits
• Drug treatment
Bulimia Nervosa
• Affects 5% of all women in the U.S.
• Binge/purge and/or laxative use is
repeated at least twice a week for three
months in a row or more.
• Views self as fat.
• Often compulsive exercising.
Bulimia Nervosa
• More social than anorexics, therefore
harder to assess; also, closer to normal
body weight
• Binge and purge - may use laxative,
diuretics, or vomiting
• Abnormal fear of being fat
• Afflicts mostly young women
Bulimia Nervosa
• Health risks
• Tremendous strain on the body
• Teeth become eroded
• Liver and kidney damage
• Arrhythmia
• Menstrual problems
• Treatment
• Cognitive therapy and antidepressant
drugs
Bulimarexia
• Same characteristics of bulimia, except
the individual consumes 15,000 calories a
day or more then binges and purges
and/or uses laxatives.
Binge Eating
• Same as bulimia but without the
•
•
•
•
purging
Loss of control – often caused by
emotional triggers
Anxiety and self-doubt
Usually overweight
Some are survivors of sexual abuse
Binge Eating
• Health risks:
• Obesity
• Depression
• Treatment: Psychotherapy and drug
therapy