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ESPON action 1.1.3
“Enlargement”
Matera October 2003
Lars Olof Persson
Regional performance in the ESPON space (NUTS3), 2000
1st draft
Share of GDP in total ESPON space (%)
10,000
1,000
0,100
0,010
Capital
0,001
0,001
0,010
0,100
EU15
EU10
1,000
CH/NO
BG/RO
10,000
Share of population in total ESPON space (%)
©Nordregio - Project 1.1.3, 2003
Regional performance of border regions in the ESPON space (NUTS3), 2000
Borders with external countries
1st draft
10,000
Share of GDP in total ESPON space (%)
1,000
0,100
0,010
Capital
0,001
0,001
0,010
0,100
Share of population in total ESPON space (%)
EU15+NO
1,000
EU10+BG/RO
10,000
©Nordregio - Project 1.1.3, 2003
Lessons to Accession Countries
• stimulated growth and
social well-being in
Portugal
• encouraged innovation
and expansion in the
manufacturing
• extremely important to
infrastructure
modernisation
• economic cycles more
influent than European
funding
• Enlargement means
difficulties the catching-up
process
• After more than ten years
of public (national and
community) funding, the
pattern of regional
disparities did not change
significantly
Measuring polycentricity
• the size or importance of cities (population,
economic activity, human capital, higher
education,
cultural
importance,
administrative status etc.)
• their distribution in space or location and
• the spatial interactions or connections
between them.
Development of polycentricity in
Europe for different scenarios of
urban growth and linkages
• macro trends, such as further integration of
the world economy and intensification of
the competition between regions and cities
• the development of energy cost, transport
technology and the further diffusion of
telecommunications.
Level I: European: promoting the growth of urban centres
outside the “Polygon” in the remoter areas of the EU.
Level II: National: This would seek to promote the
growth in each EU nation of second order (“provincial
capital”) cities as counter-magnets to the first-order
capital cities. There are several examples of such
policies, reviewed below.
Level III: Regional: This would further seek to promote
growth in third/fourth order centres in each region. The
problem is that this may be easy to achieve in favoured
central regions around the first-order centres, especially
along major transport corridors, where it may lead to the
development of “Polycentric Mega-City-Regions
Policy options
• Decentralise government
employment
• Create
new
public
institutions
• Encourage Foreign Direct
Investment
• Attract major one-off
events with longer-term
development potential
• Intensively develop
regional highway
networks focussing on
major cities
• new high-speed rail lines
to serve selected cities and
regions
• Build new airports, or
expand
airports,
in
secondary cities
• exchange of information
and experience between
cities.
Towards 1.1.3 TIR Aug 2004
1. Prov. Final Diagnosis
risks and potentials
2. Border region typology
case studies on flows
and barriers
3. Effects of ongoing transformation processes:
• Scenario 1
Policy options TIA
• Scenario 2 TEN-T and Tina
TIA