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There is always hopeā€¦.
Table 1.1 Orientation and Directional Terms (1 of 3)
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Table 1.1 Orientation and Directional Terms (2 of 3)
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Table 1.1 Orientation and Directional Terms (3 of 3)
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 1.8 Planes of the body with corresponding magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
Frontal plane
Median (midsagittal) plane
Transverse plane
Frontal section
(through torso)
Transverse section
(through torso,
inferior view)
Pancreas
Median section
(midsagittal)
Aorta
Spleen
Arm
Left and Liver Heart
right lungs
Stomach
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Liver Spinal cord
Subcutaneous fat layer
Body wall Rectum
Intestines
Vertebral column
Figure 1.8a Planes of the body with corresponding magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
Frontal section
(through torso)
Left and right lungs
Frontal
plane
Liver Heart
Arm
Stomach
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 1.8b Planes of the body with corresponding magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
Transverse
plane
Transverse section
(through torso,
inferior view)
Liver Aorta
Pancreas
Spleen
Spinal cord
Subcutaneous fat layer
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Body wall
Figure 1.8c Planes of the body with corresponding magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
Median section
(midsagittal)
Rectum Intestines
Vertebral column
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Median
(midsagittal)
plane
Figure 1.9b Dorsal and ventral body cavities and their subdivisions.
Cranial
cavity
Vertebral
cavity
Superior
Thoracic mediastinum
cavity
Pleural
(contains cavity
heart and Pericardial
lungs)
cavity within
the mediastinum
Diaphragm
Abdominal cavity
(contains digestive
viscera)
Abdominopelvic
cavity
Pelvic cavity
(contains urinary
bladder, reproductive
organs, and rectum)
Dorsal body cavity
Anterior view
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Ventral body
cavity
(thoracic and
abdominopelvic
cavities)
Ventral body cavity
Figure 1.10 Serous membrane relationships.
Outer balloon wall
(comparable to parietal serosa)
Air (comparable to serous cavity)
Inner balloon wall
(comparable to visceral serosa)
A fist thrust into a flaccid balloon demonstrates
the relationship between the parietal and visceral
serous membrane layers.
Heart
Parietal
pericardium
Pericardial
space with
serous fluid
Visceral
pericardium
The serosae associated with the heart.
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 1.10a Serous membrane relationships.
Outer balloon wall
(comparable to parietal serosa)
Air (comparable to serous cavity)
Inner balloon wall
(comparable to visceral serosa)
A fist thrust into a flaccid balloon demonstrates
the relationship between the parietal and visceral
serous membrane layers.
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 1.10b Serous membrane relationships.
Heart
Parietal
pericardium
Pericardial
space with
serous fluid
Visceral
pericardium
The serosae associated with the heart.
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 22.30d Mesenteries of the abdominal digestive organs.
Liver
Lesser omentum
Pancreas
Stomach
Duodenum
Transverse mesocolon
Transverse colon
Mesentery
Greater omentum
Jejunum
Ileum
Visceral peritoneum
Parietal peritoneum
Urinary bladder
Rectum
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 1.11 The four abdominopelvic quadrants.
Right upper
quadrant
(RUQ)
Left upper
quadrant
(LUQ)
Right lower
quadrant
(RLQ)
Left lower
quadrant
(LLQ)
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 1.12 The nine abdominopelvic regions.
Right
hypochondriac
region
Right
lumbar
region
Right iliac
(inguinal)
region
Epigastric
region
Umbilical
region
Hypogastric
(pubic)
regionz
Left
hypochondriac
region
Left
lumbar
region
Left iliac
(inguinal)
region
Nine regions delineated by four planes
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Diaphragm
Liver
Spleen
Gallbladder
Stomach
Ascending colon of
large intestine
Transverse colon
of large intestine
Small intestine
Descending colon
of large intestine
Cecum
Appendix
Initial part of
sigmoid colon
Urinary bladder
Anterior view of the nine regions showing the superficial organs
Figure 1.12a The nine abdominopelvic regions.
Right
hypochondriac
region
Epigastric
region
Left
hypochondriac
region
Right
lumbar
region
Umbilical
region
Left
lumbar
region
Right iliac
(inguinal)
region
Hypogastric
(pubic)
region
Left iliac
(inguinal)
region
Nine regions delineated by four planes
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Figure 1.12b The nine abdominopelvic regions.
Liver
Diaphragm
Spleen
Gallbladder
Stomach
Ascending colon of
large intestine
Transverse colon
of large intestine
Small intestine
Descending colon
of large intestine
Cecum
Appendix
Initial part of
sigmoid colon
Urinary bladder
Anterior view of the nine regions showing the superficial organs
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
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