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Transcript
Tonga Institute of Higher Education
NOS 215
Introduction to
Database
Topics



Database
Database Management System
(DBMS)
Advantage of a Database
management systems
Database

A Database is a collection of related
data that has been organized to
allow easy access.

Eg

Telephone book
Database


In computing, a file system is a
method for storing and organizing
computer files and the data they
contain to make it easy to find and
access them
In a flat file system, everything is
stored at the same level on the
media
What is meant by Database
Management Systems (DBMS)

A DBMS is a computer software package
which provide the user with a set of
powerful tools for






Storing
Retrieving,
Editing
Sorting
Presenting
Manipulating
data easily and quickly as required
Database Management Systems






DBMS enables the user to:
Create a Database
Add, edit and remove data from
database
View and modify the database
Create reports
Derive a specific output such as
displaying only certain criteria
DBMS Applications





Maintain general records - such as
name and contact.
Stock Maintenance – include retail
items in store.
Cataloguing items such as books in
a Library
Preparing mailing List
And so on
RDBMS



Proposed by Ted Codd 1970
Any data can be stored in a form of
a table called Relation.
Later companies base on Codd’s
proposal, develop what we now
called Relational Database.
Relational Database management
Systems (RDBMS)


Most powerful DBMS use what is called a
“relational” database structure.
“Relational” means that relationships can
be found and created between different
sets of data.
Example


You might have a set of data about
students and one about classes.
If the class table saved who was in
the class, you could look up and see
where that student lived, using the
student table. This is a relationship
Relational Database management
Systems (RDBMS)



Stores Data in many related tables
It allows you to ask questions
utilizing data from one or more
table
Receive answers as queries, forms
and report.
DBMS Packages






Access (Windows)
Approach (Windows)
dBASE III PLUS and dBASE IV
Foxpro
Paradox
Quest
Task


Not count for final assessment but
for your own good
Find other database packages.
Database Terminology


Data management software (databases)
help organize, sort, store, and update
data.
A “record” holds the data for a single
entity.


If we had a database for students, a single
“record” would save all the information about
one student
A “field” holds one item of data called
attributes.

The students name would be a field. So would
his age, or address
Database Term
Each
information on
a Card eg
address is
called a field
Each Card is
called a record
All Cards make
up the
Customer File
View in a Table format
Customer
F/Name
Address
Suburb
Postcode
Phone
Anderson
Julie
14 Pool
Street
Research
3149
437 8408
Advantage of DBMS



In terms of storing – All the old
records can be replaced by one
computer
In term of searching – easily
speedily and efficiently search.
And others
Summary



Database
Database Management System
Advantages