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Discovering the Arts
Elements
of Music
Elements of Art
What is Music?



Music is all around us. Where do
you hear music?
Different people listen to different
types of music. Why do you think
that is? What type of music do you
listen to?
What is your definition of music?
Elements of Music Terms

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Music – sound organized through time
Beat – regular, recurrent pulsation that divides
music into equal units of time
Rhythm – ordered flow of music through time; the
pattern of durations of notes and silences of music
Style – characteristic way of using melody, rhythm,
tone, color, dynamics, harmony, texture, and form
in music
Genre – a category of pieces of music that share a
certain style or “basic musical language”
Perceptive Listening – the ability to distinguish
between musical characteristics and describe them

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Internal – means (the source of sound), expression
(feeling), and order (organization)
External – origin (the where, when and by whom the
music was created) and use (function or purpose)
Music Genres:
Perceptive Listening
 Listen
to each excerpt.
 Identify elements of music in
each piece:
 Rhythm
 Melody
 Harmony
 Genre
 Style
Activity #1
Radio Scan
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Just like in the perceptive listening
scan, you can do the same thing with
the radio.
Determine the genre that is playing.
Distinguish from other styles of music.
Compare the beats with previous
songs/pieces.
*Try doing this in the car or at home
and see if you can guess the genre,
artist/performer, and find the beats.
Music Today
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What does the music of your
generation sound like?
What makes a performer or song
“popular”?
How do you and your friends talk
about the music you listen to?
What are your parents saying about
it?
What do you expect to hear on an
“oldies” radio station?
Music in Our World


The popular music of a generation is
the music that is most liked and
accepted by the people of that
generation. It is the music that
people spend the most time listening
to, performing, and watching.
The music we call contemporary is
the music that is currently most
popular in a particular place and time.
What is Art?



Art is all around us. Where do you
see art?
Different people enjoy different
types of art. Why do you think that
is? What style of art do you enjoy
the most?
What is your definition of art?
Elements of Art Terms

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Form – a shape having three dimensions –
height, width, and depth
Shape – an area defined by line or color
Line – the path made by a moving point
that can vary in width, direction, and length
Texture – the actual roughness or
smoothness of a surface or the illusion
thereof
Color – the hue, value, and intensity of an
object as seen by the human eye
Space – the area between, around, above,
below, or within objects
Value – the lightness or darkness of a color
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 View
each excerpt.
 Identify elements of art in each
piece:
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Activity #2
Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain
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Familiar things do not look the same upside down.
We automatically assign a top, bottom, and sides to
the things we perceive, and we expect to see things
oriented in the usual way - that is, the right side up.
When an image is upside down, the visual cues don't
match. The message is strange, and the brain
becomes confused. We see the shapes and the areas
of light and shadow. Then the task becomes
exasperating.
The exercise of upside-down drawing is to take a line
drawing, place it upside down and copy it. In other
words, you will copy the drawing just as you see it.
Do not turn the original or your drawing around until
you are finished. You will probably be pleasantly
surprised at your results.
The benefit of this exercise is that it forces you to
observe shapes, lines and their relationships rather
than naming features.
Art Genres:
Identifying Art Elements
 Form
 Shape
 Line
 Texture
 Color
 Space
 Value
Aesthetics
The Big Questions in Art

Defining Art

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How do we identify what is art and what is
not?
How do we derive meaning from art?
What are the formal qualities, the
elements and principles of art?
Artist-centered issues


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What/what is an artist?
How do we identify an artist’s style?
How do artists express their ideas and/or
feelings in art?
Aesthetics
The Big Questions in Art

Audience-centered issues

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Do we have to have a particular kind of
attitude or mind set to have an aesthetic
experience?
If so, how might we characterize that
attitude or mind set?
Cultural context

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Is what we consider to be art determined
by culture?
How do visual art institutions like
museums and galleries affect our
definitions and judgments of art?
Aesthetics
The Big Questions in Art

Criticism and interpretation


What are the differences between
judgments and preferences in art?
Are there objective standards that we can
use in responding to any kind of art, from
any time or culture?