Discovering the Arts Elements of Music Elements of Art What is Music? Music is all around us. Where do you hear music? Different people listen to different types of music. Why do you think that is? What type of music do you listen to? What is your definition of music? Elements of Music Terms Music – sound organized through time Beat – regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time Rhythm – ordered flow of music through time; the pattern of durations of notes and silences of music Style – characteristic way of using melody, rhythm, tone, color, dynamics, harmony, texture, and form in music Genre – a category of pieces of music that share a certain style or “basic musical language” Perceptive Listening – the ability to distinguish between musical characteristics and describe them Internal – means (the source of sound), expression (feeling), and order (organization) External – origin (the where, when and by whom the music was created) and use (function or purpose) Music Genres: Perceptive Listening Listen to each excerpt. Identify elements of music in each piece: Rhythm Melody Harmony Genre Style Activity #1 Radio Scan Just like in the perceptive listening scan, you can do the same thing with the radio. Determine the genre that is playing. Distinguish from other styles of music. Compare the beats with previous songs/pieces. *Try doing this in the car or at home and see if you can guess the genre, artist/performer, and find the beats. Music Today What does the music of your generation sound like? What makes a performer or song “popular”? How do you and your friends talk about the music you listen to? What are your parents saying about it? What do you expect to hear on an “oldies” radio station? Music in Our World The popular music of a generation is the music that is most liked and accepted by the people of that generation. It is the music that people spend the most time listening to, performing, and watching. The music we call contemporary is the music that is currently most popular in a particular place and time. What is Art? Art is all around us. Where do you see art? Different people enjoy different types of art. Why do you think that is? What style of art do you enjoy the most? What is your definition of art? Elements of Art Terms Form – a shape having three dimensions – height, width, and depth Shape – an area defined by line or color Line – the path made by a moving point that can vary in width, direction, and length Texture – the actual roughness or smoothness of a surface or the illusion thereof Color – the hue, value, and intensity of an object as seen by the human eye Space – the area between, around, above, below, or within objects Value – the lightness or darkness of a color Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements View each excerpt. Identify elements of art in each piece: Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Activity #2 Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain Familiar things do not look the same upside down. We automatically assign a top, bottom, and sides to the things we perceive, and we expect to see things oriented in the usual way - that is, the right side up. When an image is upside down, the visual cues don't match. The message is strange, and the brain becomes confused. We see the shapes and the areas of light and shadow. Then the task becomes exasperating. The exercise of upside-down drawing is to take a line drawing, place it upside down and copy it. In other words, you will copy the drawing just as you see it. Do not turn the original or your drawing around until you are finished. You will probably be pleasantly surprised at your results. The benefit of this exercise is that it forces you to observe shapes, lines and their relationships rather than naming features. Art Genres: Identifying Art Elements Form Shape Line Texture Color Space Value Aesthetics The Big Questions in Art Defining Art How do we identify what is art and what is not? How do we derive meaning from art? What are the formal qualities, the elements and principles of art? Artist-centered issues What/what is an artist? How do we identify an artist’s style? How do artists express their ideas and/or feelings in art? Aesthetics The Big Questions in Art Audience-centered issues Do we have to have a particular kind of attitude or mind set to have an aesthetic experience? If so, how might we characterize that attitude or mind set? Cultural context Is what we consider to be art determined by culture? How do visual art institutions like museums and galleries affect our definitions and judgments of art? Aesthetics The Big Questions in Art Criticism and interpretation What are the differences between judgments and preferences in art? Are there objective standards that we can use in responding to any kind of art, from any time or culture?