Download How Children Acquire Language

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

English orthography wikipedia, lookup

Classical compound wikipedia, lookup

English phonology wikipedia, lookup

American English wikipedia, lookup

Phonological history of English high front vowels wikipedia, lookup

Phonological history of Old English wikipedia, lookup

International English wikipedia, lookup

History of English wikipedia, lookup

Middle English wikipedia, lookup

Pronunciation of English ⟨a⟩ wikipedia, lookup

Phonological history of English consonant clusters wikipedia, lookup

Phonological change wikipedia, lookup

Ethnic , Gender and
Other Dialects
African American English
Phonological Differences
guard = god, sore = saw, poor = pa
all = awe, help = hep
Neutralization of [I and [E] before
(intermediate sound)
pin = pen, ten = tin
Loss of interdental fricatives
Ruth = roof
Brother = brover
This = dis
That = dat
Syntactic Differences
Double negatives
“he don’t know nothing”
“he don’t got none”
Deletion of the verb “to be”
He is nice. = He nice.
I am gonna do it. = I gonna do it.
Habitual “be”
Sarah is happy. = Sarah be happy.
( Sarah is a always a happy person)
He is late. = He late
He is always late. = He be late.
Phonological Differences
Substitution of the Spanish 5 vowel system for the English 11 vowel
ship & sheep = sheep
rid and read = read
Interchangeability of sh and ch
show = cho
check = sheck
Devoicing some consonants
easy = isi
guys = gais
Final consonant cluster simplification
war and ward = war
star and start = star
Consonant substitution
th = t (thin = tin)
th = d (they = dey)
Addition of e sound at beginning of s words
school = eskool
start = estart
Syntactic Differences:
Double negatives
“he don’t know nothing”
“he don’t got none”
Use of more for move often
Use of out from for away from
Styles and Registers
• Situational dialects that are used in
different roles and in differing social
• Informal vs formal
EG. Tu vs usted in Spanish
Motherese with young children
• An informal set of alternative vocabulary
and/or meanings
• Including:
– Recombining existing words in new ways to
create meanings (“spaced out”)
– Introducing new words (zonked)
– Attaching new meanings to existing words
(“to text”)
• A set of vocabulary that is used in a
specified limited technical, professional or
occupational context.
• EG. The vocabulary that you have been
learning in this class that is used by
specialists in Linguistics: phoneme,
morpheme, phonetics, phonemics,
morphology, syntax, semantics, grammar,
Taboo Language vs
Taboo = language that should not be used in
polite situations
Euphemism = a word that replaces a taboo or
unpleasant word
Class Exercise
Why Use Taboo Language?
Why Use Euphemisms?