Singlish on the Web.
... whether or not you see Scots and Patwa as separate languages from English or as dialects
of English is highly politicised, with some people making strong claims for their being
separate languages, and for having a place in education and formal writing, and official
discourse. In the case of Singlish ...
Examining the Language of Advice-Giving: A Study of the Verb
... in several contemporary dictionaries, Diederich and Höhn came up with a list of six current-day
meanings and investigated how these meanings of advise were used in a large data corpus. They drew
their data from the BNC which is a 100 million word corpus of spoken and written British English.
This co ...
Bimodal Bilingualism - Cascadilla Proceedings Project
... there is a single output channel, the vocal tract, for both languages. In contrast, for bimodal (speechsign) bilinguals, there are two output channels: the vocal tract and the hands. In addition, for unimodal
bilinguals both languages are perceived by the same sensory system (audition), whereas for ...
HDFC Life Spell Bee India Spells 2011
... Executive Vice President and Head - Marketing & Direct Channels, HDFC Life said,
“English language occupies an integral part in our professional and personal lives. With the
changing world environment and exponential growth of the use of English all over the world, a
greater emphasis has been laid i ...
Past Tense Marking in English by Chinese learners
... tested was significant, but limited his discussion of the results to only verb type,
proficiency and aspect. The results of his study show that saliency of verb type favors
the marking of past tense, especially in subjects with higher proficiency. The results also
show that the binary perfective-imp ...
- ePrints Soton
... to another definition of ELF which is sometimes quoted: that of Firth, who defines ELF
as ‘a “contact language” between persons who share neither a common native tongue
nor a common (national) culture and for whom English is the chosen foreign language of
communication’ (1996: 240; emphasis in origi ...
1. English language press
... Mass Communication ltd. Noeda (UP). Now a days it
has been publishing from New Delhi, Lakhanow &
indianization of english: empirical framework
... structure’, ‘text structures’, ‘script’, ‘discourse’, ‘cultural convention’ etc. are some of
the most important terms. Language also attains the most crucial impact of the culture
of the country where it is used. In India, though, English is used as a second language
yet playing major role in almost ...
The Secret Life of Words: English Words and Their Origins
... explores the history of English words, tracing back a number of common
and uncommon words and phrases through history to get to their origins.
The course moves from learned, classical words on standardized tests,
such as erinaceous, to the sports metaphors that permeate everyday talk,
such as you’re ...
the problem of stylistic classification of colloquial vocabulary
... no other European language has singled out a special
layer of vocabulary and named it slang, though all of them
distinguish such groups of words as jargon, cant and the
like. Why was it necessary to invent a special term for
something that has not been clearly defined as jargon or
can’t have? Is thi ...
... English speakers have more options with respect to syntax than they do with
respect to phonology or morphology. That is, they cannot expect to be understood
if they refer to a canine mammal as a god instead of a dog; but they do have the
option of saying either / like dogs or Dogs I like. This freed ...
The Applications and Translations of Pun in English
... 2 Advertising
There is an old saying “good wine needs no bush”. But now, with more and more
competitive market, “good wine also needs bush”. We know the third-rate enterprises make
products, the second-rate enterprises establish brand, and the first-class enterprises publicize
culture. Enterprises o ...
A History of the English Language
... medium of a particular language in turn reinforces the prestige of that language. Internal
deficits such as an inadequate vocabulary for the requirements at hand need not restrict
the spread of a language. It is normal for a language to acquire through various means,
including borrowing from other l ...
Since English is a language which possesses sounds represented
... Such an irregularity occurs not only in English polysyllabic words but also in
monosyllabic words. Then the English spelling system is a complicated one, “…but that
complication in large part matches the complexity of the English sound system”
(Bowen; et al; 1985: 283). Although English spelling pat ...
... has been created. During the years of independence, over 51.7 thousand teachers of foreign
languages graduated from universities, English, German and French multimedia tutorials and
textbooks for 5-9 grades of secondary schools, electronic resources for learning English in
primary schools were creat ...
Philip Arthur Gborsong, Mercy Fumi Adesanya, Martin Segtub – PDF
... Advertising is a vital means of communication in the field of marketing. It is, therefore, not
surprising that quite a number of writers touch on this aspect of advertising as communication in
business. Looking at the history and development over the years, Crawford (1960) states that
Words of Written Language042711
... when they were developing ways to categorize and describe information such as the physical
environment. Evidence of how these scholars were with Latin terms can be seen in the system
for classifying birds. Consider, for example, the name for a wonderful (but not exotic) bird--the
white-breasted nuth ...
document - Cay
... b. be within the target language’s normal linguistic system, or at least something which passes as such:
the translator’s command of the linguistic system must be so good that it can pass for an idiolect, or, at
the very least, an interlanguage which seems to be legitimate, real, native idiolects wi ...
Checklist of dialect features
... or it may be confined to a preconsonantal position. There may also be differences
in what segments can be replaced by [ʔ ], e.g. only /t / – bottle [bɒʔl ] – or also
/p / and /k /. The stop affected may also be deleted or preglottalisation may
take place with the stop retained. Glottalisation is co ...
IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)
... Shipley (2001) claims that the most important factor of borrowing words from other languages is an
automatic transfer of words during the contact period with other languages. It is a natural phenomenon that the
users of the English language take and adapt the words of other languages unconsciously w ...
IMPLICATIONS OF TRANSLATION: EXAMINING ENGLISH WORD
... a foreign language, the use or absence of certain types of Anglo-Saxon and Greco-Latinate
words as translations in foreign language textbooks would directly influence a student’s
understanding of English. Through a careful study of the types of English words presented as
translations in foreign lang ...
david foster wallace on language
... have been ignorant of the meaning of suppurate. There are lots of
epithets for people like this--Grammar Nazis, Usage Nerds, Syntax
Snobs, the Language Police. The term I was raised with is
SNOOT.(3) The word might be slightly self-mocking, but those other
terms are outright dysphemisms. A SNOOT can ...
African-American Vernacular English (AAVE)
... not primarily categorical but more a
matter of degree.
The creole and the dialectologist
hypothesis do not exclude each other:
there may had been a (British) dialect
influence on a prior creolized variety.
LASU Journal Vol 4 Issue 1 2013 - Southern African Development
... The second article discusses the rise of English as a global language within the context of global
multilingualism. In order to enable students to process their written texts better, the third article
titled “Profiling the writing process of novice first-year ESL students…” examines how learners
Language attitudes toward some gendered words in English: A
... From analyzing the participant’s attitudes towards the word tomboy, we found that 26% of the
participants (14% of these were non-native speakers) had a positive attitude towards this word. 43%
had a neutral attitude. Only 14% of the participants had a negative attitude toward this word. Those
14% co ...
International English is the concept of the English language as a global means of communication in numerous dialects, and also the movement towards an international standard for the language. It is also referred to as Global English, World English, Common English, Continental English, General English, Engas (English as associate language), or Globish. Sometimes, these terms refer simply to the array of varieties of English spoken throughout the world.Sometimes, ""international English"" and the related terms above refer to a desired standardisation, i.e. Standard English; however, there is no consensus on the path to this goal. There have been many proposals for making International English more accessible to people from different nationalities. Basic English is an example, but it failed to make progress. More recently, there have been proposals for English as a lingua franca (ELF). It has also been argued that International English is held back by its traditional spelling. There has been slow progress in adopting alternate spellings.