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Rise of Humanism
 People became less interested in thinking about God, heaven, and
saints and more in thinking about themselves, their surroundings and
their everyday lives.
 Secular (not religious) Humanism (placing the study and progress of
human nature at the center of interests)
 The rise of Humanism can be seen in paintings created by Renaissance
 Works of art created during the Renaissance are primary sources of
information about how people lived.
 By looking for evidence and specific clues, one can make judgments
about whether a painting is a Renaissance painting or not.
Madonna and
Child in Glory
 Jacopa di Cione
 1360-1365
 Tempera and gold on
Madonna and
Child in Glory
 Very early example
 Halos around the
 Saints and angels
around the upper
border are smaller than
the Madonna
 Hieratic scale- most
important figures are
larger then the less
important figures
Mass of St.
Martin of
 Franconian School
 About 1440
 Tempera and gold
on canvas and
Mass of St.
Martin of
 Gold backgrounds
to symbolize the
holy atmosphere of
 Signs of halos or
hieratic scale?
 Do their
surroundings look
true to life?
Madonna and
Child with St.
 Guiliano Bugiardini
 1523/1525
 Halos? (different from the
first painting?)
 Landscape? (heavenly or
Madonna and
Child with St.
 Live in the same world
as ordinary people
 Oil paint: allowed
artists to build up
layers of paint that light
could shine through
of the
 Giovanni Agostino
da Lodi
 1510
 Hieratic scale?
 Halos?
 Tempera paint or
Adoration of the Magi
 The Kress Monogramist; 1550/60; Oil on oak panel
 Buildings? (true to life?)
 Mathematical formulas allowed artists to represent space
in paintings in a very believable way.
 We call this accurate perspective
Miraculous Mass of St. Martin of Tours
The Adoration of the Magi
Which looks more true to life? Why?
Can you find halos in The Adoration of the Magi painting?
Is there any hieratic scale at work?
Where is the landscape in this painting?
Tempera paint or oil paint?
The Bean Eater
 Annibale Carracci
 1582/83
 Oil on canvas
 Religious or
 Tempera or oil
 What have we learned about Renaissance art by
analyzing these works of art?
Renaissance Artists
Leonardo Da Vinci
Da Vinci:
Artist, Architect, Scientist
Leonardo DaVinci
 1452-1519
 The model “Renaissance man”
 Artist, scientist, inventor, mathematician, architect,
engineer, botanist
 Revolutionized scientific beliefs by dissecting
animals and discovering the function of the heart
 Engineering designs for helicopters, tanks, subs
 Always experimented with new techniques and
The Last Supper
Painting represents Jesus with his disciples as it is told in the
Gospel of John
Mona Lisa
“The best known, the most visited, the most written about, the
most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world”
Portrait of Michelangelo done by Jacopino del Conte
Michelangelo Buonarroti
 1475-1564
 Painter, sculptor, poet, architect, literary scholar.
 Carved powerful human figures into marble creating
statues that were inspirations
 Painted famous frescoes in the Sistine Chapel
 Designed the complex scaffold used to reach the
high ceilings.
 Designed the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome
Jesus on Mary after the Crucifixion
Statue of David
Sistine Chapel
Painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel which took about four
years to complete (1508-1512)
 By 25 he was one of Italy’s best painters
 Admired for his numerous madonnas (paintings of
the Virgin Mary)
 Known for his frescoes in the Vatican Palace
 His School of Athens reveals a world of balance,
harmony, and order----the underlying principles of
classical Greek and Roman art.
School of Athens
“Raphael’s masterpiece and the perfect embodiment of the
classical spirit of the High renaissance”