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Digestive system
Words
English word
Pronunciation
Lithuanian word
Mouth
/maʊθ/
Burna
Saliva
/səˈlaɪ.və/
Seilės
Tongue
/tʌŋ/
Liežuvis
Parotid gland
/pəˈrɒt.ɪd/ /ɡlænd/
Paausinė liauka
Sublingual gland
/ˌsʌbˈlɪŋ.ɡwəl//ɡlænd/
Poliežuvinė liauka
Submandibular gland
/ˌsʌb.mænˈdɪb.jə.lər//ɡlæn Pažandinė liauka
d/
Salivary glands
/ˈsæl.ɪ.vər.i//ɡlænds/
Seilių liaukos
Pharynx
Pharynges
/ˈfær.ɪŋks/
/færˈɪn.dʒiːz/
Ryklė
Ryklės
Esophagus
/ɪˈsɑf·ə·ɡəs/
Stemplė
Stomach
/ˈstʌm.ək/
Skrandis
Pancreas
/ˈpæŋ.kri.əs/
Kasa
Words
English word
Pronunciation
Lithuanian word
Spleen
/spliːn/
Blužnis
Gallbladder
/ɡɑːlblæd.ər/
Tulžies pūslė
Duodenum
(plural duodenums or
duodena )
/ˌdjuː.əˈdiː.nəm/
Dvylikapirštė žarna
Jejunum
/dʒɪˈdʒuːnəm/
Tuščioji žarna
Ileum
Pl. Ilea
/ˈɪl.i.əm/
/ˈɪl.i.ə/
Klubinė žarna
Klubinės žarnos
Small intestine
/smɔːl ɪnˈtes.tɪn/
Plonoji žarna
Cecum
Pl. Ceca
/ˈsiː.kəm/
/ˈsiː.kə/
Akloji žarna
Aklosios
Colon
/ˈkəʊ.lɒn/
Gaubtinė žarna
Transverse (colon)
/trænzˈvɜːs /
Skersinė (žarna)
Descending (colon)
/dɪˈsend.ɪŋ/
Nusileidžiančioji (žarna)
Words
English word
Pronunciation
Lithuanian word
Ascending (colon)
/əˈsen.dɪŋ/
Kylančioji (žarna)
Sigmoid (colon)
/ˈsɪɡ.mɔɪd/
Riestinė (žarna)
Rectum (colon)
/ˈrek.təm/
Tiesioji (žarna)
Appendix
/əˈpen.dɪks/
Apendiksas (kirmėlinė
atauga)
Anus
/ˈeɪ.nəs/
Išangė
Large intestine
/lɑːrdʒ ɪnˈtes.tɪn/
Storoji žarna
Bowel
/ˈbaʊ.əl/
Žarnynas
Liver
/ˈlɪv.ər/
Kepenys
Functions
Mouth
• The mouth is the beginning of the digestive
tract. Chewing breaks the food into pieces
that are more easily digested, while saliva
mixes with food to begin the process of
breaking it down into a form your body can
absorb and use.
Pharynx
• From here, food travels to the esophagus or
swallowing tube.
Esophagus
• The esophagus is a muscular tube extending
from the pharynx to the stomach.
Stomach
• The stomach is a sac-like organ with strong
muscular walls.
• The stomach secretes acid and powerful
enzymes that continue the process of
breaking down the food.
Small intestine
• Made up of three segments, the duodenum,
jejunum, and ileum, the small intestine is a long
tube loosely coiled in the abdomen (pilvas).
• The small intestine continues the process of
breaking down food by using enzymes released
by the pancreas and bile from the liver.
• In small intestine starts process called
absorption (įsiurbimas).
Pancreas
• Among other functions, the oblong (pailga)
pancreas secretes enzymes into the small
intestine.
Liver
• The liver has many functions, but two of its
main functions within the digestive system
are:
1. to make and secrete bile;
2. to cleanse and purify the blood coming from
the small intestine containing the nutrients
just absorbed.
Gallbladder
• The gallbladder is a pear-shaped reservoir that
sits just under the liver and stores bile.
Large intestine
• The large intestine is the last part of the
digestive system in vertebrates (stuburinių
gyvūnų). Water is absorbed here and the
remaining waste material is stored as feces
before being removed
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