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Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations together with a Glossary (of terms concerning mainly computer connectivity, networking and security)
Acronym
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
9,86 (1 / 64)
28,29 (2,87 / 184)
30,71 (3,11 / 199)
75,57 (7,66 / 490)
13,14 (1,33 / 85)
.NET
dot NET(work)
[Eigenname / proper name]
100BaseFX no acronym or abbreviation!
100BaseT no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
100BaseVG 100 Mbps ethernet Voice Grade
100-Megabit-Ethernet mit
Sprachqualität
10BASE-T
10BASE2
10BASE5
10GE
1GL
no acronym or abbreviation!
no acronym or abbreviation!
no acronym or abbreviation!
10-Gigabit-Ethernet
1st Generation Language
24x7
2GL
24 hours x 7 days
2nd Generation Language
2L8
2PC
onomatopoeic for To Late
2 (two-) Phase Commit protocol
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
10-Gigabit-Ethernet
(Programmier-)Sprache der 1.
Generation
24 Stunden x 7 Tage
(Programmier-)Sprache der 2.
Generation
zu spät
2-Phasen-Verpflichtungsprotokoll
A Microsoft OS platform and framework for Web-based services. It incorporates applications, MS, program
a suite of tools and services erasing the boundaries between applications and the Internet. It
depends on HTTP, XML, SOAP and UDDI. (www.microsoft.com/net)
A Fast Ethernet specification with 100 MBit/s that uses optical fibres. [IEEE 802.3u]
Ethernet
Any of several Fast Ethernet specifications with 100 MBit/s that use twisted pair cables. [IEEE Ethernet
802.3u]
A Fast Ethernet specification with 100 MBit/s that uses four pairs of category 3 UTP wires. It Ethernet
is also called 100VG-AnyLAN because it was defined (proposed by HP) to carry both
Ethernet and token ring frame types. [IEEE 802.3u, later IEEE 802.12]
An Ethernet specification with 10 MBit/s that uses UTP cables.
Ethernet
An Ethernet specification with 10 MBit/s that uses a thin coaxial cable medium.
Ethernet
An Ethernet specification with 10 MBit/s that uses a thick coaxial cable medium. Seldom.
Ethernet
An Ethernet specification with 10 GBit/s that uses single mode glass fibre cables.
Ethernet
All machine languages are 1GLs.
program
2 (two-) Phase Commit protocol
2PC
(continued)
2-Phasen-Verpflichtungsprotokoll
3151
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
3270
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
3287
3770
no acronym or abbreviation!
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
386
3COM
80386
COMputer, COMmunication,
COMpatibility
three dimensional
Triple DES
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
Computer, Kommunikation,
Kompatibilität
dreidimensional
dreifach DES
[Eigenname / proper name]
3D or 3-D
3DES
3DNow!
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Non-stop operation 24 hours a day, 7 days a week means high availability. (see also HA)
All machine dependent assembly languages are 2GLs.
general
program
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
net, program
In DTP TMs and RMs use this protocol with presumed rollback. That is, if something goes
wrong the TM and RMs involved in the transaction will always attempt to rollback their portion
of the transaction (work). It ensures the atomicity (ACID) of a transaction.
In phase one, the TM asks all RMs if they are ready and able to commit a transaction. If a RM net, program
responds negatively, the RM will automatically rollback any work it performed on behalf of the
transaction and discard any knowledge it had of the transaction. In phase two, the TM
determines if there are any negative replies, and if so, instructs all RMs to rollback. If all
replies are positive, it will instruct the RMs to commit.
"IBM 3151 ASCII displays are terminals used to connect to the midrange host systems such
as the IBM AS/400."
A family of IBM mainframe terminals and related protocols (includes 3278 mono and 3279
color terminal).
An IBM dot matrix printer model.
The standard communications protocol for batch transmission in an IBM SNA environment. It
also refers to early remote batch terminals that used punched cards and floppy disks as
input.
see i386
A leading communications hardware vendor from the USA, offering a wide variety of network
adapters, hubs and related products. Founded by R. Metcalfe. (www.3com.com)
Refers to objects that are constructed on three planes (X, Y and Z).
see DES3
A floating point SIMD extension from AMD similar to Intel's SSE.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM, net, SNA
PC, processor
company
graphic
cryptography
processor
Seite 1 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
3G
Long Term Equivalent
3rd Generation
3GL
3rd Generation Language
3GPP
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
dritte Generation
(Programmier-)Sprache der 3.
Generation
3rd Generation Partnership Project dritte Generation
Partnerschaftsprojekt
3GSM
3rd generation GSM services
GSM-Dienste der 3. Generation
404
486
4AP
4GL
i don't know
80486
Vier-Augen-Prinzip
4th Generation Language
ich weiß nicht
[Eigenname / proper name]
four eyes principle (dual control)
(Programmier-)Sprache der 4.
Generation
5250
no acronym or abbreviation!
586
5x8
7x24
A
a.a.O.
A/S/L
A2A
A2B
A2C
A3
A5 /1 ... /3
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
Meaning
Context
An ITU specification for the third generation (analog cellular was the first generation, digital
standard,
PCS the second) of mobile communications technology. It promises increased bandwidth and telecom
will work over wireless air interfaces such as GSM, TDMA, and CDMA.
A high-level programming language such as FORTRAN, COBOL, BASIC, Pascal and C. It is program
a step above assembly language. Most 3GLs support structured programming.
A collaboration agreement of several telecommunications standards bodies to produce
organization,
globally applicable technical specifications for a 3G mobile system based on evolved GSM
standard,
core networks and the underlying radio access technologies. (www.3gpp.org)
telecom
It represents 3rd generation mobile multimedia services (e.g. for visual communication)
standard,
delivered on an evolved core GSM network. 3GSM services are delivered at a technical level telecom
on third generation standards developed by 3GPP, which utilize air interfaces for WCDMA
and, in some specified markets, EDGE. (www.gsmworld.com/technology/3g/index.shtml)
slang
PC, processor
security
program
[Eigenname / proper name]
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
see i486
see TPC, TPI
A computer language that is more advanced than traditional high-level programming
languages, e.g. query languages and report writers. Any computer language with English-like
commands that doesn't require traditional input-process-output logic.
A family of terminals and related protocols for IBM midrange computers (System 3x, AS/400).
Pentium (instead of 80586)
5 days x 8 hours
7 days x 24 hours
Austria
am angegebenen Ort
Age/Sex/Location
Administration To Administration
Administration To Business
Administration To Citizen
Anytime, Anywhere, Anyplace
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
5 Tage x 8 Stunden
7 Tage x 24 Stunden
Österreich
in the place cited
Alter/Geschlecht/Wohnort
Verwaltung zu Verwaltung
Verwaltung zu Unternehmen
Verwaltung zu Bürger
jederzeit, überall, an jedem Ort
[Eigenname / proper name]
see i586
Availability of a service during normal office hours on any working day.
see 24x7
The UN vehicle code for this country.
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
see G2G
see G2B
see G2C
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
One of three (secret ?) block ciphers used in European cellular telephones (GSM).
AA
Attribute Authority
Attribut(zertifikat)-Ausgabestelle
AAA
Authentication, Authorization,
Accounting
AAA
AAC
Autonomous Administrative Area
Advanced Audio Coding
Authentifizierung (= Beglaubigung),
Autorisierung (= Berechtigung) und
Abrechnung
autonomer Verwaltungsbereich
fortschrittliche Audiokodierung
aacPlus
Advanced Audio Coding PLUS
fortschrittliche Audiokodierung plus
An entity trusted by one or more entities to create and sign attribute certificates. Note that a
CA may also be an AA.
A term for a framework for intelligently controlling access to computer resources, enforcing
policies, auditing usage, and providing the information necessary to bill for services.
Dedicated AAA servers provide a program that performs these functions.
A subtree of a DIT whose entries are all administered by the same administrative authority.
An audio compression technology that is (like MP3) part of the MPEG-2 standard. It provides
a greater compression and superior sound quality than MP3.
The same as HE-AAC.
PC, processor
general
general
country
slang
slang
government
government
government
slang
cryptography,
telecom
cryptography
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
IBM
security
database
compression,
standard
compression,
standard
Seite 2 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
AACS
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Advanced Access Content System fortschrittliches Zugangssystem zu
Inhalten
AAL
ATM Adaption Layer
AAP
AAP
AAR
AAS
ABI
ABS
ABW
ac
AC
ACATS
(Forum)
ACB
ACB
ACB
ACC
ACE
ACELP
ACF
ACI
ACI
ACI
ACID
ACK
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
Meaning
"A specification for managing content stored on the next generation of prerecorded and
recorded optical media for consumer use with PCs and CE devices." Using cryptographic
methods, it cooperates with content protection technologies to enable consumers, to the
extent authorized, to save copies while preventing unauthorized usage. (www.aacsla.com)
Context
cryptography
The part of the ATM protocol that breaks up application packets into 48-byte payloads which net
become ATM cells when the 5-byte headers are attached.
Always A Pleasure
immer ein Vergnügen
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Autonomous Administrative Point autonomer Verwaltungspunkt
The entry of a DIT where an AAA starts.
database
At Any Rate
unter allen Umständen
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Alive And Smiling
lebendig und lächelnd
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Application Binary Interface
binäre Schnittstelle für Anwendungen All DLLs that provide a compatible API also provide a compatible ABI, that allows portability program
of executables, not just source code.
A plastic used to make molded (or injected) card bodies for certain smart cards.
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene
Acrynitril-Butadien-Styrol
smartcard
Aruba
The
ISO
3166-1
alpha-3
code
for
this
country.
country
Aruba
Ascension Island
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Ascension {Himmelfahrtsinsel}
Alternating Current
Wechselstrom
The common form of electricity from power plant to home/office.
general
Applied Common Abstract Test
angewandte, allgemeingültige,
"An industry oriented initiative" by Alcatel "to establish reference conformance test suites
telecom
Suites
abstrakte Testreihen
according to national and international test requirements." (www.acats-forum.org)
Access method Control Block
Steuerblock für Zugriffsverfahren
A control block that links an application program to VSAM or VTAM.
IBM
Adapter Control Block
Schnittstellensteuerblock
In NCP, a control block that contains line control information and the states of I/O operations IBM
for BSC lines, SS lines, or SDLC links.
Application Control Block
Anwendungssteuerblock
The control blocks created from the output of DBDGEN and PSBGEN and placed in the ACB IBM
library for use during online and DBB region type execution of IMS/VS.
Access Control Center
Zugangskontrollzentrum
security
A computer containing a database with entries that define a security policy for an access
control service. It is sometimes used in conjunction with a key center to implement access
control in a key distribution system for symmetric cryptography.
ASCII-kompatible Kodierung
Internet
Ascii Compatible Encoding
A group of encoding schemes that utilize characters within the alphanumeric range [A-Z ],
digits [0-9 ] and hyphen (-) to form IDNs and the local part of e-mail addresses with foreign
language characters. (see RACE, UTF-5)
Algebraic CELP
algebraisches CELP
An algorithm for digitization and compression of voice. (see CELP)
compression
IBM, net, SNA
Advanced Communications
weiterentwickelte
A group of IBM licensed programs, principally VTAM, TCAM, NCP, and SSP, that use the
Function
Kommunikationsfunktion
concepts of SNA, including distribution of function and resource sharing.
database
Access Control Instruction or
Zugriffskontrollbefehl oder
An attribute in a directory that tells the LDAP server whether to allow or deny permissions
such as read, write, search and compare. The collection of ACIs is called an ACL.
Information
-information
net
Advanced Communication
weiterentwickelte
The interface to EntireX that "enables application developers to exploit the communication
Interface
Kommunikationsschnittstelle
capabilities of EntireX Broker and Broker Services".
Port 187 is reserved for it. But I could not find anything about a protocol or application using it. Internet
Application Communication
AnwendungsInterface
Kommunikationsschnittstelle
atomar, konsistent, isoliert, dauerhaft A mnemonic for the properties a transaction should have to satisfy the OMG transaction
database
Atomic, Consistent, Isolated,
Durable or Atomicity, Consistency,
service specifications. A transaction should be atomic, its result should be consistent, isolated
Isolation, Durability
(independent of other transactions) and durable (its effect should be permanent).
(Empfangs-)Bestätigung
A control code in the ASCII code: A character to acknowledge the reception of data.
ASCII
ACKnowledge
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
ATM Anpassungsschicht
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 3 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
ACK
Long Term Equivalent
ACKnowledgement
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Bestätigung
ACK
ACL
ACKnowledgement
Access Control List
Bestätigung
Zugriffskontrolliste
ACL
Agent Communication Language ? Agenten-Kommunikationssprache ?
ACLU
American Civil Liberties Union
ACM
Association for Computing
Machinery
ACO
Access Control Officer
ACP
Access Control Protocol
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and
Power Interface
Access Control System
ACS
ACS
Asynchronous Communications
Server
ACSA
ActiveX
AD
Applied Computer Security
Associates
no acronym![brand name]
Active Directory
ad
ADA
Andorra
(Augusta) Ada (Byron)
ADC
ADCCP
Advanced Data Connector
Advanced Data Communication
Control Procedure
ADDress
Application Development
Environment
Application Development
Framework
ADD
ADE
ADF
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
amerikanische Vereinigung für
Bürgerrechte
Vereinigung für Rechenmachinen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
Meaning
A state flag in a TCP packet as used during a three-way handshake to establish a
connection: Indicates the data has been received successfully. The response contains the
received packet's sequence number, incremented by 1 in the acknowledgement field.
A response sent by a receiver to indicate successful reception of information.
It is a table that tells a computer OS which access rights each user (or computer) has to a
particular system object, such as a file directory or individual file.
Emulation für Großrechner von SABRE (a world leader in the electronic distribution of travelrelated products and services)
"(It) is the nation's [the USA] foremost advocate of individual rights ..." (www.aclu.org)
A membership organization composed of US computer professionals that is dedicated to
advancing the arts of information processing by publishing information related to computer
science, holding seminars, creating and promoting standards. (www.acm.org)
Verantwortlicher für Zugangskontrolle A designated individual who is responsible for limiting access to information systems
resources.
Zugriffskontrollprotokoll
The extended TACACS protocol used by the Cisco Systems terminal servers as described in
[RFC 1492].
Schnittstelle für weiterentwickelte
A power management specification developed by Intel, Toshiba and Microsoft that makes
Konfigurations- u. Energiesteuerung hardware status information available to the OS.
Zugangskontrollsystem
A system that controls the access to some information (or hardware) by verifying that the
potential user has the appropriate right to do so.
asynchroner Kommunikations-Server A LAN server that enables a network user to dial out of the network into the PSTN, or to
access leased lines for asynchronous communications. It is also called a dial-in/dial-out
server or modem server because it allows to share modems, fax boards, serial ports.
Vereinigte für angewandte
A non-profit association of computer security professionals who have a common goal of
Computersicherheit
improving the understanding, theory, and practice of computer security. (www.acsac.org)
aktiv X [Markenname]
A set of technologies created by Microsoft that enables interactive content on Web sites.
aktives Verzeichnis
Microsoft's network directory service, first released as part of Windows 2000. In AD, Microsoft
has blended the support for NetBIOS, DNS, and LDAP namespaces, and integrated
Windows 2000 domain security.
Andorra
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
[Eigenname / proper name]
A complex, Pascal-descended, high-level programming language developed for the US DoD.
It was designed for embedded applications and real-time process control but is also used for
business applications.
fortschrittlicher Datenverbinder
see RDS
A protocol that evolved from SDLC through modification by ANSI.
weiterentwickelte Datenkommunikations-Steuerungsprozedur
Adresse
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Anwendungs-entwicklungsumgebung A set of tools (often presented or accessed via a GUI) to help programmers build
applications.
Rahmenwerk zur
A set of programming tools and libraries for easier development of application software.
Anwendungsentwicklung
Specifically it is a RAD product from Oracle for J2EE developers to simplify building
applications as a set of business services with Web, wireless, and rich client interfaces.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
Internet
net
net
general
cryptography,
organization
organization
security
security
PC
security
Cisco
organization,
security
MS
database, MS
country, TLD
program
database, MS
net
slang
program
Oracle, program
Seite 4 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
ADK
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
Long Term Equivalent
Additional Decryption Key
ADM
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
zusätzlicher Dechiffrierungsschlüssel Feature added to newer versions of PGP (later than 2.6.x) that allows the decryption of
messages encrypted by a public key without knowledge of the corresponding private key.
Asynchronous Disconnected Mode gleichberechtigter Wartebetrieb
Protokollphase bei HDLC
admin
ADN
ADO
ADMINistrator
Any Day Now
ActiveX Data Objects
net
A system administrator (see SA) or network administrator.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An API from MS for general data access (relational databases, web pages, spreadsheets,
and other types of documents). It is a set of COM objects that provides an interface to OLE
DB. (see also RDO, RDS)
Automated Data Processing
[Eigenname / proper name]
An US based company that offers a broad spectrum of business services: HR and payroll
administration solutions (see PAISY); securities processing; computing solutions for
auto/truck dealers, auto repair estimating and claims processing. (www.adp.com)
Automated Data Processing
automatisierte Datenverarbeitung
see AIS
see AD
Active Directory Server or Service aktiver Verzeichnisdienst
Active Directory Service Interface aktive Verzeichnisdienst-Schnittstelle An API from MS for accessing the Microsoft Active Directory (Windows 2000) and other
directory services via providers. It is based on DCOM.
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line asymmetrische digitale
A form of DSL in which the bandwidth available for downstream connection is significantly
Anschlußleitung
larger then for upstream. It is well suited for web browsing and client-server applications as
well as for some emerging applications such as video on demand.
Adobe Document Server for
Adobe Dokument-Server für
A server product by Adobe that allows agencies to unlock forms-processing tools in the free
Reader Extensions
Erweiterungen des (Adobe) Readers Adobe Reader 6+ software by adding certain keys to their PDF documents. In turn, the users
can now save, fill in, digitally sign, and submit electronic PDF forms at their convenience.
general
slang
database, MS,
program
ADT
ADV
ae
AEAP
aero
AES
Außendiensttechniker
Automatisierte Datenverarbeitung
United Arab Emirates
As Early As Possible
AEROspace
Advanced Encryption Standard
field engineer
automated data processing
Vereinigte Arabische Emirate
so schnell wie möglich
Luft- und Raumfahrt
Fortschrittlicher
Verschlüsselungsstandard
HOB
general
country, TLD
slang
TLD
cryptography,
standard
af
AFAICT
AFAIK
AfB
Afghanistan
As Far As I Can Tell
As Far As I Know
Association For Biometrics
Afghanistan
so weit ich sagen kann
so weit oder soviel ich weiß
Vereinigung für Biometrie
AFG
AFIPS
Afghanistan
American Federation of
Information Processing Societies
Automated Fingerprint
Identification System
Away From Keyboard
Annualized Failure Rate
Afghanistan
ADP
ADP
ADS
ADSI
ADSL
ADSRE
AFIS
AFK
AFR
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Verwalter
jeden Tag jetzt
AktivX-Datenobjekte
Context
cryptography
Außendiensttechniker von HOB
see ADP > see AIS or see EDV > see EDP
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A sponsored TLD that is available to the air-transport industry.
A state-of-the-art encryption standard [FIPS 197] for a freely available, symmetric, 128-bit
block cipher (Rijndael algorithm) with 128, 192 and 256-bit key sizes that was developed on
behalf of the NIST to replace DES. (csrc.nist.gov/encryption/aes)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A UK based organization with the mission "to provide a forum for the European and
international biometrics community." (www.afb.org.uk)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
company
general
database, MS
database, MS,
program
net, telecom
Adobe
country, TLD
slang
slang
security
country
organization
automatisiertes FingerabdruckA highly specialized biometric system that compares a single finger image with a database of security
Identifizierungsssystem
finger images.
slang
weg oder abwesend von der Tastatur A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
auf das Jahr bezogene Ausfallrate
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 5 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
AfriNIC
Long Term Equivalent
Africa NIC
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Afrika NIK
AFS
Andrew File System
Andrew Dateisystem
AFT
Authenticated Firewall Transversal authentifizierter (=beglaubigter)
Firewall-Durchlaß
APPC-FTP
(siehe APPC und FTP)
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua und Barbuda
AktienGesellschaft
stock corporation or incorporated
company
ArbeitsGemeinschaft
working group or consortium
AuftragGeber
orderer or principal
ArbeitsGemeinschaft
working group for the interoperability
INteroperabilität Digitaler Identität of digital identity
AFTP
ag
AG
AG
AG
AG INDI
AGB
AGHV
AGO
AGOF
AGP
Allgemeine GeschäftsBedingungen general terms and conditions or
standard business conditions
ArbeitsGruppe
Haushaltskonsolidierung und
Verwaltungsreform
Angola
Angola
ArbeitsGemeinschaft Online
Forschung
Accelerated Graphics Port
beschleunigter Grafik-Steckplatz
AGR
AGR
Annual Growth Rate
Arbeitsgemeinschaft genossenschaftlicher Rechenzentralen
AGS
AGTC
Amtlicher GemeindeSchlüssel
official municipal code
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Trust-Center Trust-Center work group (for digital
(für digitale Signaturen)
signatures)
AH
Authentication Header
AHCI
Advanced Host Controller Interface fortschrittliche Steuerungsschnittstelle für Hauptrechner
Netherlands Antilles
Niederländische Antillen
Anguilla
Anguilla
Artificial Intelligence
künstliche Intelligenz
AHO
ai
AI
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
jährliche Wachstumsrate
working group of cooperative data
processing centers
Authentifizierungs-Kopfzeile
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
Meaning
An African RIR under construction. (www.afrinic.org)
Context
Internet,
organization
A distributed file system for large, widely-dispersed UNIX networks from Transarc Corporation Unix
(now IBM). It is noted for its ease of administration and expandability and stems from
Carnegie-Mellon's Andrew File System. (www.openafs.org)
A protocol that provides for authenticated firewall transversal for client-server applications. [ security
RFC 1928]
FTP over APPC instead of TCP/IP.
HOB
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A firm or company that has been formed into a legal corporation by completing the required economy
procedures. It is a legal entity that is separate and distinct from its owners.
A group of people or companies working together temporarily until some goal is achieved.
general
Someone who places an order to buy.
economy
Eine AG mit dem Ziel die "Akteure in Deutschland zusammenzubringen, um gemeinsam bzgl. cryptography
Interoperabilität digitaler Signaturen den Handlungsbedarf ... zu ermitteln, notwendige
Aktivitäten anzustoßen und zu koordinieren ..." (www.ni.din.de > Workshops > AG INDI)
economy, law
Für eine Vielzahl von Verträgen vorformulierte Vertragsbedingungen, die eine Partei der
anderen bei Abschluss eines Vertrages stellt (z. B. Liefer- und Zahlungsbedingungen).
Erlangen
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
(www.agof.de)
A high-speed graphics port from Intel that provides a direct connection between the display
adapter and memory. It is faster than PCI.
The rate at which some quantity is growing per year (normally given as a percantage).
A working group of the data processing centers of the cooperative banks ('Raiffeisen- und
Volksbanken') in Germany: FIDUCIA AG, GAD eG, rbg eG, GENO-RZ, SpardaDatenverarbeitung, and some more.
A code number that is used in Germany to identify politically independent municipalities.
A union of private certification providers (trust-centers) as meant in the German law on
signatures. It aims on establishing technical standards and providing common PR to enable a
widespread use of digital signatures. (www.cci.de/156_159.htm) (see also T7)
An upper level header located between the IP header and a payload within an IP packet.
Typically it includes an ICV of the transfer-independent contents of the IP packet.
A PCI class device that acts as an interface between system memory and SATA devices. (
www.intel.com/technology/serialata/pdf/rev1_0.pdf)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The subfield of computer science concerned with the concepts and methods of symbolic
inference by computer and symbolic knowledge representation for use in making inferences.
It can be seen as an attempt to model aspects of human thought.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
Internet,
organization
graphic, PC
economy
organization
government
cryptography,
organization
Internet, security
PC
country
country, TLD
program
Seite 6 von 207
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Acronym
AIA
AIA
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Anguilla
Zugang zu Legitimationsinformationen An extension that may be included in certificates and that indicates how to access CA
information and services for the issuer of the certificate in which the extension appears.
Anwendungsbezeichner
Application IDentifier
The unique code associated with a card application, which allows the terminal to select a
suitable application within the card for a given operation.
Accelerated Indirect GL X
A project that aims to enable GL-accelerated effects on a standard desktop. It uses a lightly
modified X server (that includes a couple of extensions), an updated Mesa package that adds
some new protocol support and a version of metacity with a composite manager.
AOL IM
Aol IM
An instant messaging service provided by AOL. Because there's no standard, it is not
compatible to other IMs.
Adaptive Internet Protocol
anpassungsfähiges Internet-Protokoll A propietary protocol on TCP/IP designed by SCO for use with their Tarantella software. It
connects the middle tier ("Application Broker") to the clients. AIP is designed to provide
optimal performance over complex network routes with varying bandwidths.
Application notes and
Anwendungshinweise und
A thorough and uniform evaluation methodology by the BSI for the analysis and assessment
Interpretation of the Scheme
Interpretationen zum Schema
of DRNGs.
Automated Information System
automatisiertes Informationssystem An assembly of computer hardware, software, firmware, or any combination of these,
configured to accomplish specific information-handling operations, such as communication,
computation, dissemination, processing, and storage of information.
As It Should Be
wie es sein sollte
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Advanced Intelligent Tape
fortschrittliches intelligentes Band
fortschrittlich interaktiv ausführbar
IBM's version of UNIX, which runs on PCs, RS/6000 workstations and 390 mainframes.
Advanced Interactive eXecutive
AIX (version) 5 Linux
AIX (Version) 5 Linux
A new version 5 of IBM's UNIX OS with a strong affinity to Linux.
Asynchronous Javascript And XML
An enhancement in JavaScript that allows Web pages to be more interactive and behave like
local applications (also known as "rich client" applications). It allows a Web page to retrieve
small amounts of data from the server immediately without reloading the entire page. It
makes use of DHTML, XML, CSS, DOM, and the MS object XMLHttpRequest.
Context
country
cryptography
AJP
Apache Jserv Protocol
AKA
AKDB
Also Known As
Anstalt für kommunale
Datenverarbeitung in Bayern
Authentication Key Exchange
Protocol
ArbeitsKreis Schutz von
InfraStrukturen
Internet,
program, Sun
slang
government
AID
AIGLX
AIM
AIP
AIS
AIS
AISB
AIT
AIX
AIX5L
Ajax
AKEP
AKSIS
Long Term Equivalent
Anguilla
Authority Information Access
AKÜFI
al
ALAC
AbKÜrzungsFImmel
Albania
At-Large Advisory Committee
ALB
Albania
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
[Eigenname / proper name]
"The protocol used to communicate between a web server module and the Apache JServ
servlet engine over a TCP socket". (java.apache.org/jserv/protocol/AJPv11.html)
auch bekannt als
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
institute for municipal data processing Eine Anstalt des öffentl. Rechts der kommunalen Spitzenverbände in Bayern (Gemeinde-,
in Bavaria
Landkreis-, Städtetag, Bezirke) im Bereich der kommunalen EDV. (www.akdb.de)
AuthentifizierungsschlüsselKey transport based on symmetric encryption allowing two parties to end up with a shared
Austauschprotokoll
secret key, secure against passive adversaries.
working committee for the protection Ein auf Initiative des ZES der Fa. IABG gegründeter Arbeitskreis mit dem Ziel die Kritikalität
of infrastructure
der Abhängigkeiten zwischen verschiedenen sensitiven Wirtschaftsbereichen,
Sicherheitsdiensten und öffentlicher Verwaltung zu analysieren und Maßnahmen zum
übergreifenden Sicherheitsmanagement zu erarbeiten. (www.aksis.de)
abbreviation mania
Albanien
beratender Ausschuss in der
Gesamtheit
Albanien
A phenomena in areas of rapid development that necessitates to write such a glossary.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A committee responsible for considering and providing advice on ICANN's activities, as they
relate to the interests of individual Internet users (the "At-Large" community).
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
smartcard
graphic
Internet
SCO
cryptography
general
slang
memory
IBM, Unix
IBM, OS, Unix
program
cryptography
organization,
security
general
country, TLD
Internet,
organization
country
Seite 7 von 207
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Acronym
ALB
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:42
Long Term Equivalent
Automatisiertes
LiegenschaftsBuch
Airline Line Control
Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Leiter der
Datenzentralen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
government
Fluglinien-Leitungskontrolle
working group of the heads of the
data centers
IBM
organization
ALG
ALG
Algeria
Application Level Gateway
Algerien
Durchgang auf Anwendungsebene
ALi
Acer Laboratories Inc.
[Eigenname / proper name]
An IBM airlines specific protocol.
Ein freiwilliger Zusammenschluss derjenigen IT-Dienstleister in Deutschland, die eine
zentrale und umfassende Aufgabenstellung auf dem Gebiet der Informationsverarbeitung für
die Länder oder die kommunalen Gebietskörperschaften der Länder haben.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
An application (like a proxy server) that breaks the connection between sender and receiver.
All input is forwarded out a different port, closing a straight path between two networks and
preventing a cracker from obtaining internal addresses of a private network.
"One of the world's leading suppliers of ICs for a number of market segments including PCs,
... DVD players and embedded PC systems and appliances." (www.ali.com.tw)
ALK
Automatisierte LiegenschaftsKarte
ALSA
Advanced Linux Sound
Architecture
Arithmetic (and) Logic Unit
ALC
ALD
country
security
company
government
It provides audio and MIDI functionality to the Linux OS with fully modularized sound drivers. ( Unix
www.alsa-project.org)
ALU
processor
The part of the CPU which performs mathematical operations of integers and Boolean
operations.
am
Armenia
Armenien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
AMADEUS A Multi-method Approach to the
[Eigenname / proper name]
A company running a networked computer system for travel booking. It enables travel agents company
DEvelopment of Universal
to sell travel to corporate and consumer end-users around the world by operating one of the
Specifications ?
world's most extensive electronic marketplaces. (www.amadeus.com)
ein (e-)Mail-Virenscanner
mail, security
AMaViS
A MAil VIrus Scanner
A script that interfaces a MTA with virus scanners. (sourceforge.net/projects/amavis ,
www.amavis.org)
AMB
Advanced Memory Buffer
fortschrittlicher Speicherpuffer
memory
AMBW
All My Best Wishes
alle meine besten Wünsche
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
AMCC
Applied Micro Circuits Corporation Gesellschaft für angewandte Mikro- A company "delivers comprehensive system solutions spanning communications
company
Schaltkreise
infrastructure and enterprise storage networking." (www.amcc.com)
AMD
Advanced Micro Devices
A chip- and in particular a processor manufacturer from the USA in competition to Intel.
chip, company
[Eigenname / proper name]
AMD64
AMD 64 bit
processor
[Eigenname / proper name]
AMD's 64-bit processor architecture is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively
supports. AMD's family of 64-bit CPUs includes the Opteron for servers, the Athlon 64, 64 FX,
and 64 X2 for desktop PCs, and the Mobile Athlon 64 and the Turion 64 for laptops.
AMI
Manufacturer of a widely used BIOS (AMIBIOS), motherboards and storage solutions.
PC
American Megatrends Inc.
[Eigenname / proper name]
AML
All My Love
all meine Liebe
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
AMPS
Advanced Mobile Phone Service fortschrittlicher Mobiltelefondienst
The analog cellular mobile phone system in North and South America and several other
telecom
countries. It uses FDMA transmission in the 800 MHz band.
AMR
Adaptive Multi-Rate
anpassungsfähige Mehrfachfrequenz A variable rate speech codec selected by the 3GPP for the 3G evolution of the GSM
telecom
cellphone system (WCDMA). Using the Algebraic CELP (ACELP) compression technology, it
provides toll quality sound at transmission rates from 4.75 to 12.2 Kbps.
AMR
Audio Modem Riser
PC
Audio- und Modem-Steckkarte
A plug-in card containing all the analog circuits (codecs) required for audio and/or modem
operation. It was specified by Intel for a motherboard without analog I/O functions.
AMSEL
security, Unix
Advanced Modular Secure
fortschrittliches, modulares, sicheres A "powerful embedded security Linux for industrial firewall and VPN applications".
Embedded Linux
eingebettetes Linux
(www.amselinux.com)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
fortschrittliche Klangarchitektur für
Linux
Rechen- und Logikeinheit
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 8 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
AMTP
an
AN
AN.ON
AND
AND
ANG
ANSDIT
ANSI
ANSI
ANT
ANT
AO
ao
AOD
AOL
AOP
AOTA
AP
APAC
APC
APC
APDU
APEC
API
Long Term Equivalent
Authenticated Mail Transfer
Protocol
Netherlands Antilles
AuftragNehmer
ANONymity
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Meaning
Context
mail, security
An IETF draft for an Internet electronic mail transfer protocol to replace SMTP with a more
secure derivative that authenticates the MTAs by using TLS and X.509 certificates.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
economy
Someone (a person or firm) who contracts to do something e.g. to build things.
Internet
A project that provides 'mixes' and the tool JAP for surfing anonymously in the Internet. (
anon.inf.tu-dresden.de)
Andorra
Andorra
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Yemen
Jemen
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Angola
Angola
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
standard
American National Standard
amerikanisches nationales
Under the direction of the ANSI the NCITS, the Technical Committee on Vocabulary, K5,
Dictionary of Information
Standardwörterbuch für
prepared this ANSDIT. It was developed by studying the use of terms throughout the field of
Technology
Informationstechnologie
information technology and related fields. (www.ncits.org/tc_home/k5htm/Ansdit.htm)
American National Standards
amerikanisches, nationales
An organization in the USA corresponding to the German DIN that endorses and publishes
organization,
Institute
Normungsinstitut
standards for various industries. (www.ansi.org)
standard
ANSI
ANSI
Incorrectly for an 8-bit, extended version of ASCII. (ASCII of course is an ANSI standard.)
ASCII
Antigua and Barbuda
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Antigua und Barbuda
Netherlands Antilles
Niederländische Antillen
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
AbgabenOrdnung
general fiscal law or tax code
The German general tax code. It specifies the duty of the taxpayers to submit tax declarations government, law
and everything having to do with taxation, including the procedures involved.
Angola
Angola
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Advanced Optical Disk
fortschrittliche, optische Platte
memory, PC
A new high density (36 GB) rewritable optical disk (as successor to the DVD) developed by
Toshiba and NEC.
America OnLine
[Eigenname / proper name]
The world's largest online information service with access to the Internet, e-mail, chat rooms Internet
and a variety of databases and services. (www.aol.com)
program
Aspect-Oriented Programmimg
aspektorientiertes Programmieren
A style of programming that attempts to abstract out features common to many parts of the
code beyond simple functional modules. An aspect is a subprogram that is associated with a
specific property of a program. (www.aosd.net)
All Of The Above
alles vorgenannte / oben stehende
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Access Point
Zugangspunkt
net
A base station in a wireless LAN. They are typically stand-alone devices that plug into an
Ethernet hub or server.
Asien Pazifik
The area and the countries of (east) Asia and the Pacific region (often without America).
country
Asia PACific
A German abbreviation for a PC that is used by an employee at his workplace.
PC
Arbeitsplatz-PC
workplace PC
Association for Progressive
Vereinigung für fortschrittliches
"An international network of civil society organisations dedicated to empowering ... groups
Internet,
Communications
Kommunikationswesen
and individuals working for peace, human rights, development and protection of the
organization
environment, through the strategic use of ICTs, including the Internet." (www.apc.org)
Application Protocol Data Unit
Protokolldateneinheit für
The basic command unit for a smart card. It contains either a command message or a
smartcard
Anwendungen
response message, sent from the interface device to the smart card or from the card to the
device. [ISO 7816-3]
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Asiatisch-Pazifische
An international organization for promoting open trade and economic cooperation among 21 economy,
Wirtschaftskooperation
member 'economies' around the Pacific Rim. (www.apecsec.org.sg)
organization
Application Programming Interface Schnittstelle für die Programmierung The interface (calling conventions) by which an application program accesses OS and other program
von Anwendungsprogrammen
services. Also a list of procedures or functions which describes the interface.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
bestätigtes
Nachrichtenübertragungsprotokoll
Niederländische Antillen
agent or contractor
Anonymität
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 9 von 207
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Acronym
APIC
Glossar - Abkü
APL
Long Term Equivalent
Advanced Programmable Interrupt
Controller
A Programming Language
(Literal) Translation {to German}
fortschrittliche programmierbare
Unterbrecher-Steuerung
eine Programmiersprache
APM
Advanced Power Management
fortschrittliche Energieverwaltung
APNIC
Asia-Pacific Network Information
Center
APP Server APPlication Server
Netzwerk-Informationszentrum für
den asiat.-pazif. Raum
Server für Anwendungsprogramme
APPC
Advanced Program to Program
Communication
Advanced Peer-to-Peer
Networking
approximately
Advanced Planning and
Scheduling
verbesserte Kommunikation zwischen
Programmen
Fortgeschrittene Vernetzung
gleichrangiger Stationen
ca. = circa, ungefähr oder etwa
fortschrittliches Planen und
Disponieren / Terminieren
APT
Advanced Packaging Tool
fortschrittliches Packwerkzeug
aq
AR
ar
ÄR
ARA
Antarctica
Algorithmic Research
Argentina
ÄltestenRat
Appletalk Remote Access
Antarktis
algorithmische Forschung
Argentinien
council of elders
Appletalk entfernter Zugriff
ARB
Architecture Review Board
ArchiSig
ARCHIvierung (von) SIGnierten
(Dokumenten)
ARD
Apple Remote Desktop
ARE
ARES
United Arab Emirates
Adobe Reader Extensions Server
ARG
ARIN
Argentina
American Registry for Internet
Numbers
APPN
approx.
APS
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Meaning
An Intel chip that provides symmetric multiprocessing for its Pentium systems. It can support
up to 60 processors.
An interactive array-oriented language and programming environment, originally designed as
a notation for the concise expression of mathematical algorithms.
An API from Intel and Microsoft for battery-powered computers that lets programs
communicate power requirements to slow down and speed up components.
A collaborative effort of national NICs and ISPs within the Asian-Pacific region. It manages
the allocation of IP addresses in the Asian-Pacific region. (www.apnic.net)
A computer in a LAN that performs data processing. In a two-tier client/server environment,
the application server does the database processing, and the client machine performs the
business logic. In a three-tier client/server environment, an independent application server
performs the business logic.
Context
PC
IBM's method (and APIs) for interprocess communication (that is, SNA's support for
distributed processing).
IBM's peer-to-peer protocol developed to support computer-to-computer (that is, not to a
3270 terminal) communications. Derived from SNA. Runs over LANs and WANs.
around or close to (imprecise, but fairly close to correct)
An APS system applies profound knowledge and advanced technologies to achieve improved
plans that take into account most of the factors and constraints that limit the ability to deliver
on time. (see also ERP, SCM)
A software packaging system by Debian which runs from the command line. It can locate
suitable software, fetch it from a Debian archive and install it on your system.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A leading provider of data security solutions (SDKs, smart cards etc.). (www.arx.com)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
IBM, net, SNA
A proprietary protocol and application that lets a Mac communicate with onother Mac or a
remote network over a telephone line.
Architekturbesprechungsausschuß
The OpenGL ARB is an independent consortium formed in 1992 that governs the OpenGL
specification. Composed of many of the industry's leading graphics vendors, it defines
conformance tests and approves new OpenGL features and extensions.
archiving of signed documents
Ein deutsches, vom BMWA gefördertes Projekt zur Entwicklung von Konzepten und
Technologien für die sichere und beweiskräftige Langzeitarchivierung digital erzeugter und
signierter Daten über 30 Jahre und mehr. (www.archisig.de)
Apple entfernter Schreibtisch
A desktop management solution by Apple with real-time screen sharing (displaying MacOS
8/9/X screens on MacOS X) for education and business. (www.apple.com/remotedesktop)
Vereinigte Arabische Emirate
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Erweiterungen-Server für den Adobe The new brand name for ADSRE by Adobe.
Reader
Argentinien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
amerikanische Registrierungsstelle für A non-profit organization that manages the allocation of IP addresses in the Americas, the
Internet-Namen
Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa. (But see also LACNIC) (www.arin.net)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
program
PC, program
Internet,
organization
net
IBM, net, SNA
general
enterprise
Unix
country, TLD
company
country, TLD
Erlangen
Apple, net
graphic
cryptography
Apple, net
country
Adobe
country
Internet,
organization
Seite 10 von 207
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Acronym
ARIS
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
architecture of integrated information
systems
[Eigenname / proper name]
Autoritäts-Widerrufsliste
ARM
Long Term Equivalent
ARchitektur integrierter
InformationsSysteme
? Robert Jung [programmer]
(certificate) Authority Revocation
List
Advanced Risc Machines
ARM
ARP
Armenia
Address Resolution Protocol
Armenien
Adreßauflösungsprotokoll
arpa
Address and Routing Parameter
Area
Adress- und WeiterleitungsParameterbereich
ARPA
ARPU
Advanced Research Projects
Agency
Advanced Research Projects
Agency Network
Average Revenue Per User
Agentur für fortschrittliche
Forschungsprojekte
Netzwerk der Agentur für
fortschrittliche Forschungsprojekte
mittlere Einnahmen pro Benutzer
ARQ
ART
Automatic Repeat Request
Adaptive Runtime Technology
automat. Wiederholung der Anfrage
anpassungsfähige LaufzeitTechnologie
aRts
Analog Real-Time Synthesizer
analoger Echtzeit-Synthesizer
ARU
as
AS
Aruba
American Samoa
Authentication Server
AS/400
ASA
ASAP
ASC
ASC
Application System/400
American Samoa
As Soon As possible
American Standards Committee
Anti-Spyware Coalition
Aruba
Amerikanisch-Samoa
Diensteinheit zur Authentifizierung
(Kontrolle des Zugriffsrechts)
[Eigenname / proper name]
Amerikanisch-Samoa
so schnell wie möglich
amerikanisches Normungskomitee
Vereinigung gegen SpionageSoftware oder -Programme
ASCII
American Standard Code for
Information Interchange
ARJ
ARL
ARPANET
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
[Eigenname / proper name]
amerikanischer Standardcode zum
Informationsaustausch
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Meaning
Eine Modellarchitektur zur Umsetzung betriebswirtschaftlicher Sachverhalte in eine DVLösung in 5 Phasen. (www.iwi.uni-sb.de/teaching/ARIS/aris-i , www.ids-scheer.de)
A compression program and archive format for PCs that is used for backup purposes.
A data structure containing a list of public-key certificates that were issued to CAs but have
been invalidated by their issuer prior to when they were scheduled to expire.
A (16/32-bit embedded RISC micro-) processor design company formed by Acorn
Computers, Apple and VLSI Technology. (www.arm.com)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A TCP/IP protocol used to obtain a node's physical address (MAC). A client station
broadcasts an ARP request onto the network with the IP address of the target node it wishes
to communicate with, and the node with that address responds by sending back its physical
address. It returns the layer 2 address for a layer 3 address. [RFC 826]
Context
economy
A TLD that "is designated to be used exclusively for Internet-infrastructure purposes. It is
administered by the IANA in cooperation with the Internet technical community under the
guidance of the IAB." (www.iana.org/arpa-dom)
see DARPA
Internet, TLD
This precursor to the Internet was a large WAN created by the US DARPA.
The average monthly revenue generated for each customer unit that a carrier has in
operation. It is an indicator of a telecom (especially mobile phone) business performance.
The sender automatically repeats the request if it does not receive an answer.
A distributed computing platform infrastructure (see CORBA) product by IONA, that delivers
scalability and performance via its plug-in framework, to distributed enterprise applications
written in Java, C++, PL/1, COBOL, or Visual Basic.
An open source software that simulates a complete modular analog synthesizer on a PC. It
can create sounds and music using small modules like oscillators, various filters, modules for
playing data on speakers, mixers, and faders. (www.arts-project.org)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
It provides the user authentication portion of Kerberos security.
compression
cryptography
company
country
Internet
Internet,
organization
Internet
economy
net
net, program
application
country
country, TLD
cryptography
An IBM midrange computer series introduced in 1988 that runs under the OS/400 OS.
IBM, OS
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Predecessor of the ANSI.
standard
A group of anti-spyware software companies, academics, and consumer groups "dedicated to organization
building a consensus about definitions and best practices in the debate surrounding spyware
and other potentially unwanted technologies." (www.antispywarecoalition.org)
The basis of character sets used in almost all present-day computers. The standard uses just ASCII, standard
7 bits to represent some control codes, space, numbers, most basic punctuation, and
unaccented letters a-z and A-Z. But there are several extended versions that use 8 bits to
represent non-English characters, graphics symbols, and mathematical symbols.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 11 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
ASCU
Long Term Equivalent
Agent Set Control Unit
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Bedienplatzsatz-Steuereinheit
ASD
asia
ASIC
Allgemeiner SozialDienst
ASIA
Application-Specific Integrated
Circuit
Automated Security Incident
Measurement
American Society for Industrial
Security
common or general social service
Asien
anwendungsspezifische integrierte
Schaltung
automatisierte Messung von
Sicherheitsvorfällen
amerikanische Gesellschaft für
industrielle Sicherheit
ASIM
ASIS
Amplitude Shift Keying
ASL
ASM
ASN
ASN.1
Age, Sex and Location
American Samoa
Abfallwirtschaft und
Stadtreinigungsbetrieb Nürnberg
Abstract Syntax Notation One
ASP
Active Server Page(s)
aktive Serverseite(n)
ASP
Application Service Provider or
Providing
Average Selling Price
Diensteanbieter für Anwendungen
ASQF
ASTF
ASTM
ASW
AT
at
AT&T
ATA
Arbeitskreis Software-Qualität
Franken e.V.
AntiSpam-Task-Force
American Society for Testing and
Materials
Meaning
"A concentrator that is associated with a group of remote terminals." (It deals with an IBM
software for airlines and an IP-based network protocol.)
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 502)
A generic TLD that will be available for the countries (?) in Asia.
An integrated circuit that has been custom-designed for a particular device.
It monitors network traffic and collects information on targeted unit networks by detecting
unauthorized network activity.
An international organization for professionals responsible for security, including managers
and directors of security. It is dedicated to increasing the effectiveness and productivity of
security practices. (www.asisonline.org)
Amplitudenwechsel-Tastung
A simple version of amplitude modulation used for digital modulation in which the two binary
values (1 and 0) are represented by two different amplitudes of the carrier frequency
(normally, on and off).
Alter, Geschlecht und Wohnort
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Amerikanisch-Samoa
company for waste management and A company being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 820)
city cleaning in Nuremberg
abstrakte Syntaxnotation Nr. 1
International standard for the transmission of structured data between application programs
in the network, especially for describing X.509 structures. The notation is abstract in the
sense that it specifies no details how the actual data is to be encoded, for example in
computer systems. [ITU X.208, X.680 series]
ASK
ASP
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
durchschnittlicher (Straßen-)
Verkaufspreis
Frankonian club for software quality
Context
IBM
Nuremberg
TLD
chip
net, security
organization,
security
telecom
slang
country
Nuremberg
net, standard
A Web server technology from Microsoft (introduced with MS IIS version 3) that allows for the Internet, MS
creation of dynamic, interactive sessions with the user. An ASP is a Web page that contains
HTML and embedded programming code written in VBScript or Jscript.
net
An organization that hosts software applications on its own servers within its own facilities.
Customer access the application via private lines or the Internet.
The average selling price of a product is mostly lower than the recommended retail price.
economy
A club headquartered at Erlangen that provides the regional exchange of experiences,
knowledge and ideas on software development and quality management. (www.asqf.de)
program
Arbeitsgruppe gegen Spam
amerikanische Gesellschaft für
Testverfahren und Werkstoffe
"ASTM International is a not-for-profit organization that provides a global forum for the
organization,
development and publication of voluntary consensus standards for materials, products,
standard
systems, and services." (www.astm.org)
Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Sicherheit working group for security in economy "... Zentralorganisation der Wirtschaft in Sicherheitsfragen und wurde von Spitzenverbänden organization,
der Wirtschaft e.V.
der Wirtschaft und von den Landesverbänden für Sicherheit in der Wirtschaft gegründet." (
security
www.asw-online.de)
At your Terminal
an deinem Datensichtgerät
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Austria
Österreich
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
American Telephone & Telegraph amerikanische Telefon- und
The largest US telecommunications providers. Also noted for being the birthplace of the UNIX company,
Company
Telegrafengesellschaft [Eigenname] OS and the C programming language. Parent company of the former Bell Labs.
telecom
Antarctica
Antarktis
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 12 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
ATA
ATAPI
Long Term Equivalent
AT Attachment
ATA Packet Interface
(Literal) Translation {to German}
AT Anhang
Schnittstelle für das ATA-Paket
ATC
Application Transaction Counter
Zähler für Anwendungsvorgänge
ATCA
ATF
Advanced Telecom Computing
Architecture
French Southern Territories
ATG
ATI
ATM
Antigua and Barbuda
ATI Technologies Inc.
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
fortschrittliche Rechnerarchitektur für
Telekommunikation
Französische Süd- (und
Antarktis)gebiete
Antigua und Barbuda
[Eigenname / proper name]
Asynchrone Übertragungsart
ATM
ATM
At The Moment
Automatic Teller Machine
ATR
Answer To Reset (Automatic
Terminal Recognition ?)
ATX
AT eXtension
AT Erweiterung
AU
Access Unit
Zugangseinheit
au
AUI
Australien
Schnittstelle für Zusatzgeräte
AUP
Australia
Access or Attachment Unit
Interface
Acceptable Use Policy
AUS
AUT
AUTH
Australia
Austria
Authentication Service
Av
AV (also
A/V)
AVA
stadtArchiV
Audio Video or Visual
Nutzungsbedingungen /
Verfahrensweise für akzeptable
Benutzung
Australien
Österreich
Beglaubigungsdienst /
Echtheitsbestätigungsdienst
municipal archive
Audio Video oder audiovisuell
Auftrag oder Ausschreibung,
Vergabe, Abrechnung
Advanced Video Coding
Audio Video Interleaved
order(ing), awarding or allocation,
billing or statement or settlement
fortschrittliche Video-Codierung
Audio Video überlappend
AVC
AVI
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
im Moment
Bankautomat / automatische
Geldauszahlungsmaschine
Antwort zum Zurücksetzen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Meaning
The specification for IDE drives, that integrates the controller on the disk drive itself.
An extension to EIDE (also called ATA-2) that enables the interface to support CD-ROM
players and tape drives.
A counter maintained within a chip card which increments by one for each transaction
performed.
Context
PC
PC
smartcard
telecom
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A leading manufacturer of graphics chips and display adapters. (www.ati.com)
A network technology for both LANs and WANs that supports realtime voice and video as
well as data. The topology uses switches that establish a logical circuit from end to end,
which guarantees a QoS for that transmission.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A banking terminal that accepts deposits and dispenses cash. Typically it is activated by
inserting a cash or credit card and entering a PIN.
A message that is returned by a smart card when it is powered up. It indicates the card type,
communication protocol and other basic information that is used to determine the parameters
for the communication between the card and the interface device.
An open PC motherboard specification by Intel. It improves on the previous standard, the
Baby AT form factor, by rotating the orientation of the board 90 degrees, allowing full-length
boards in all sockets. The power supply blows air over the CPU.
In electronic mail (in particular X.400) a MHS component that provides a gateway between
the MHS and other communications system, such as telex and postal services.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The network interface of a computer used with standard Ethernet. On the adapter card, it is a
15-pin socket.
The conduct expected from a person using a computer or service. It contains things like
liability disclaimers, lists of actions or behavior that will result in the termination of a
customers account, definition of terms such as "unlimited use", SPAM clauses, etc.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A trusted third-party authentication service by using conventional cryptography, i.e., shared
secret key. It is implemented in Kerberos. [RFC 1510]
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 412)
A generic term for the audio and video components and capabilities in home entertainment
systems and PCs.
country
company
net
slang
general
smartcard
PC
mail
country, TLD
Ethernet
general
country
country
security
Nuremberg
general
economy
The new video coding standard used in H.264/MPEG-4. (see JVT)
A Windows multimedia video format from MS. It interleaves standard waveform audio and
digital video frames to provide limited animation at 30 fps at 320 x 240 x 8 bpp resolution.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
standard
graphic, MS
Seite 13 von 207
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Acronym
AVM
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Long Term Equivalent
AudioVisuelles Marketing und
computersysteme gmbh
Audio Video coding Standard
Audio-Visual Speech Recognition
(Literal) Translation {to German}
[Eigenname / proper name]
Meaning
The world's leading manufacturer of PC ISDN-controllers and ISDN application software. (
www.avm.de)
audiovisuelle Spracherkennung
AVVID
Architecture for Voice, Video and
Integrated Data
Architektur für Sprache, Video und
integrierte Daten
aw
AWK
Aruba
(Alfred) Aho, (Peter) Weinberger,
(Brian) Kernighan
Abstract Window Toolkit
Aruba
[Eigenname / proper name]
A speech recognition system that uses both audio signals and the visual observation of the
speaker's mouth movements to improve speech understanding.
A framework by Cisco that defines the methodology for building a converged network of
voice, video and data being highly available, distributed, and standards-based. It is not a
single product or application but a set of guidelines. It includes a QoS-enabled IP network.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
An interpreted programming language that is included in most versions of UNIX. It is
particularly designed for filtering and manipulating textual data.
A class library from Sun that provides an application framework and GUI routines for Java
programmers. AWT routines use native code. Its successor is Swing.
AVS
AVSR
AWT
AXIS
AYEC
Apache eXtensible Interaction
System
At Your Earliest Convenience
AYOR
az
Az.
AZE
B
b
B
At Your Own Risk
Azerbaijan
Aktenzeichen
Azerbaijan
Belgium
bit (= binary digit)
Byte (=binary term)
b.a.W.
B/F
B2B
B2C
B4
B4N
ba
BA
bis auf Widerruf
BoyFriend
Business-To-Business
Business-To-Customer
Before
Bye for Now
Bosnia and Herzegovina
früher Bundesanstalt jetzt
Bundesagentur für Arbeit
BundesAnstalt für
FINanzdienstleistungsaufsicht
BaFin
BAH
BAK
BAM
BAN
Bahamas
Back At Keyboard
Business Activity Monitoring
Bangladesh
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
abstrakter Fensterbaukasten
umgehend (wörtlich: sobald es Ihnen
möglich ist)
auf Dein / Ihr eigenes Risiko
Aserbaidschan
reference number
Aserbaidschan
Belgien
Bit
Byte
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A number or any other sign in a letter or file that may be referenced to find it again.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
see bit
A unit of storage capable of holding a single character. On almost all modern computers, a
byte is equal to 8 bits. (The 8th bit or a 9th bit may be used as a parity bit.)
until canceled or until further notice
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
Freund
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Unternehmen-zu-Unternehmen
Refers to one business communicating with or selling to another. (e-Business)
Unternehmen-zu-Endkunde
Refers to a business communicating with or selling to customers. (e-Commerce)
bevor
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
vorerst mal Tschüss
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Bosnien und Herzegowina
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
federal formerly labour administration (www.arbeitsagentur.de)
now employment agency or office
federal financial supervisory authority The German federal agency for the surveillance of financial service providers. It monitors all
German investment and insurance companies to protect investors, preserve market
transparency and ensure market integrity. (www.bafin.de)
Bahamas
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
wieder zurück an der Tastatur
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Überwachung der Geschäftsaktivität
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Bangladesch
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
company, net,
telecom
standard
general
Cisco
country, TLD
program, Unix
program, Sun
slang
slang
country, TLD
general
country
country
unit
unit
slang
slang
enterprise
enterprise
slang
slang
country, TLD
government
economy
country
slang
country
Seite 14 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
BAPCo
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
Business Applications
Performance Corporation
Business API
(Literal) Translation {to German}
GeschäftsanwendungenDurchsatzleistung-Gesellschaft
Geschäfts-API
BAR
BASE64
Barbados
base 64 {because a 64-character
subset of US-ASCII is used}
Barbados
Basis 64
Basel II
BASH
no acronym or abbreviation!
Bourne Again SHell
BAPI
BASIC
BAT
BAU
baud
BAV
BayDSG
bb
BBIAF
BBIAM
BBL
BBS
BBS
BC
bcc:
BCIX
BCM
BCNU
BCP
bd
BD-ROM
BDA
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Meaning
A non-profit organization that provides a series of SYSmark brand benchmarks for testing
software in the PC client/server and laptop environment. (www.bapco.com)
An interface to one of SAP's object-oriented R/3 applications. It enables third-party
developers to write enhancements that interact with the R/3 modules.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
An encoding method that converts binary data into ASCII text and vice versa and is one of
the methods used by MIME. Base64 divides each three bytes of the original data into four 6bit units, which it represents as four 7-bit ASCII characters. This typically increases the
original file by about a third. [RFC (1421), 1521, 2045]
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname] (lautmalerisch für:
A command line processor for UNIX from the FSF. It is a POSIX-compatible shell with full
Bourne shell syntax, and some C shell commands built in.
wiedergeborene Schale)
Beginners All-purpose Symbolic
symbolischer Allzweck-Befehlssatz für A programming language developed by John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz in the mid 1960s. It
Instruction Code
Anfänger
is available in both compiler and interpreter form.
BundesAngestelltenTarifvertrag
collective wage agreement for federal A collective wage agreement for all federal government employees in Germany.
employees
Business As Usual
alles wie üblich oder immer
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
no acronym or abbreviation! (from [Eigenname / proper name]
The unit in which the information carrying capacity or "signalling rate" of a communication
channel is measured. 1 baud is one symbol (state-transition or level-transition) per second. It
J.M.E. Baudot)
coincides with 1 bps only for two-level modulation with no framing or stop bits.
BAuverwaltungs- u. Vergabeamt
building or construction administration An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 600)
and allocation office
Bayerisches DatenSchutzGesetz Bavarian law for the protection of data A Bavarian law regulating the protection of data privacy. It aims to protect individuals from
privacy
being affected in their personal rights by the handling of their personal data.
Barbados
Barbados
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Be Back In A Few
bin zurück in ein paar ...
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Be Back In A Minute
bin in einer Minute zurück
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Be Back Later
bin später oder bald zurück
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Be Back Soon
(ich) bin gleich zurück
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Bulletin Board System
Schwarzes-Brett-System
A computer system used as an information source and forum for a particular interest group.
Because
weil
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Blind Carbon Copy
unsichtbare cc:
The field in an e-mail header that names additional recipients for the message. It is similar to
carbon copy (cc:), but the names do not appear in the recipient's message.
Berlin Commercial Internet
Berlin(s) kommerzieller InternetThe independent regional Internet peering point in Berlin. (compare DE-CIX) (www.bcix.org)
eXchange
Austausch
Business Continuity Management
Be SeeiN' You
wir seh'n uns (später)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Best Current Practice
beste gegenwärtige Praxis / Stand der Documents that have the technical approval of the IETF. In order to be published, they go
Technik ?
through a process similar to an RFC, but they serve as documentation, not official Internet
standards.
Bangladesh
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
Bangladesch
Blu-ray Disc - ROM
Broadcast Driver Architecture
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
organization,
PC
SAP
country
cryptography
economy
Unix
program
general
slang
unit
Nuremberg
law
country, TLD
slang
slang
slang
slang
net
slang
mail
Internet,
organization
slang
general
country, TLD
Seite 15 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
BdB
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
Bundesverband deutscher Banken
e.V.
Backup Domain Controller
Borland Database Engine
(Literal) Translation {to German}
federal (registered) association of
German banks
Ersatz-Domänen-Überwacher
Borland Datenbank-Maschine
Pixelbild-Verteilerformat
federation of German industries
BDK
Bitmap Distribution Format
Bundesverband der Deutschen
Industrie
Burundi
Bundesverband Deutscher
Internet-Portale
Beans Development Kit
BDS
BDSG
Barbados
BundesDatenSchutzGesetz
BDC
BDE
BDF
BDI
BDI
BDIP
Burundi
federal association of German
Internet portals
Entwicklungswerkzeug für Bohnen
be
BEA
BEL
BEL
BEN
BeOS
Barbados
federal law for the protection of data
privacy
Bundesverband unabhängiger
federal association of independent
Deutscher Sicherheitsberater und German security consultants and
-Ingenieure e.V.
engineers (registered association)
Belgium
Belgien
BEA Systems Inc.
[Eigenname / proper name]
Belgium
Belgien
BELl
Glocke
Benin
Benin
Be Operating System
[Eigenname / proper name]
BER
Basic Encoding Rules
Basis-Verschlüsselungsregeln
BER
BER
Bermuda
Bit Error Rate
Bermuda
Bit-Fehlerrate
BerliOS
BERLIn ? Open Source ?
[Eigenname / proper name]
BF
bf
BFA
Best Friend
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
bester Freund
Burkina Faso (früher: Obervolta)
Burkina Faso (früher: Obervolta)
BdSI
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
The representation of interests of German private banks. (www.bdb.de)
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Context
organization
In a Windows NT server, a copy of the PDC. It is periodically synchronized with the PDC.
MS
program
Software from Borland that runs on a Windows client and unifies database access across
multiple platforms. Using Borland's own IDAPI interface, it provides a middleware layer
between the client and numerous databases.
An X Consortium standard for font interchange (in a text format). [Vol. 0, Appendix O]
X11
The umbrella organization for a total of 35 industrial sector associations and groups of
economy,
associations in Germany representing its economical interests”. (www.bdi-online.de)
organization
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
An association of German regional and federal authorities that aims to represent the interests Internet,
of its members, to compare notes and to foster standardization. (www.bdip.de)
organization
A SDK by Sun intended to support the development of JavaBeans components and to act as program, Sun
a standard reference base for both component developers and tool vendors. It provides a
reference Bean container, the "BeanBox" and a variety of example source code.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
law
A German law regulating the protection of data privacy. It aims to protect individuals from
being affected in their personal rights by the handling of their personal data.
"Ziel des BdSI ist es, in der Beratungsbranche das Streben nach Qualität, Zuverlässigkeit und organization,
Produktneutralität zu fördern und sich im Verband mit strengen Aufnahmekriterien an
security
Leistung und Erfahrung zu orientieren." (www.bdsi-ev.de)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
company
A company that sells a well-known application server (BEA WebLogic). (www.bea.com)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A control code in the ASCII code: Ring a bell.
ASCII
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
OS, PC
An advanced object-oriented OS developed by Be, Inc. that runs on the PowerPC platform
and Intel x86 processors. It supports SMP, multitasking and multithreading and was designed
for multimedia applications. It's now owned by Palm. (www.be.com)
A list of data types and their assigned numbers that describes one possible way of converting net, standard
structures of ASN.1 into binary data. These objects are not necessary unique in binary form.
(see also DER) [X.209, X.690]
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
error
The ratio of (bits received in error) to (total bits received). As the speed of a system
increases, the BER usually needs to be improved.
"The goal of BerliOS is to provide support for different interest groups in the area of OSS. Our organization
aim is to fulfil a neutral mediator function. The target groups of BerliOS are on one hand the
developers and users ... and on the other hand commercial manufacturers of OSS operating
systems and applications as well as support companies." (www.berlios.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
slang
country, TLD
country
Seite 16 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Acronym
BfF
Long Term Equivalent
Bundesamt Für Finanzen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
(German) federal finance or revenue The largest federal agency in the portfolio of the BMF deals with taxes and services for other government
administrations. It helps the federal states’ revenue authorities to audit large companies and
office
calculates the salary of the federation’s civil servants and employees. (www.bff-online.de)
BFN
BFS
Bye For Now
Boot File System
vorerst mal Tschüss
Start-Dateisystem
BFWA
Broadband Fixed Wireless Access
bg
BG
BgA
BGB
BGD
BGG
BGH
Bulgaria
Big Grin
BürGermeisterAmt
Bürgerliches GesetzBuch
Bangladesh
BehindertenGleichstellungsGesetz
Bundesgerichtshof
BGP
Border Gateway Protocol
BGR
BGWM
Bulgaria
Be Gentle With Me
bh
BHO
BHR
BHS
BHU
bi
BI
Bahrain
Browser-Helper-Object
Bahrain
Bahamas
Bhutan
Burundi
Business Intelligence
bidi
BIH
BIND
BIOS
BI-DIrectional
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Berkeley Internet Name service
Daemon
Basic Input-Output System
bidirektional
Bosnien und Herzegowina
Berkeley Internet-Namensdienst
Dämon (/dienstbarer Geist)
Grund-Ein-Ausgabesystem
BIST
Built-In Self-Test
eingebauter Selbsttest
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A file system (e.g. used by SCO UnixWare) that allows the bootloader to access the kernel
image. It contains only the utilities necessary to bring a system up and into operation. Also
used after a crash, it brings up a flat file system with one directory.
slang
Unix
telecom
Bulgarien
großes oder breites Grinsen
city hall ?
(German) civil code
Bangladesch
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 001)
The German civil code about private law (enacted on 1.1.1900, big revision on 1.1.2002).
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country, TLD
slang
Nuremberg
law
country
law
Federal Court of Justice or Federal
Supreme Court
Protokoll für Grenz-Netzrechner
Germany’s final court of appeal in ordinary cases (private law and criminal law). (
www.bundesgerichtshof.de)
Routing protocol that enables groups of routers to share routing information so that efficient,
loop-free routes can be established. It is commonly used between ISPs. [RFC 1771]
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
law
Bulgarien
geh schonend mit mir um oder sei
nett zu mir
Bahrain
Bahrain
Bahamas
Bhutan
Burundi
Geschäftsintelligenz
Internet
country
slang
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
program
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Software that enables users to obtain enterprise-wide information more easily. Such products enterprise
are considered a step up from the typical decision support tools because they more tightly
integrate querying, reporting, OLAP, data mining etc. functions.
A combination of left-to-right and right-to-left writing in the same document.
general
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Internet, Unix
A public domain DNS server that is available for most versions of UNIX. It resolves host
names and IP addresses.
PC
An essential set of routines in a PC, which is stored on a chip and provides an interface
between the OS and the hardware.
The technique of designing systems (e.g. circuits) with additional logic which can be used to IBM, Unix
test proper operation of the primary (functional) logic.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 17 von 207
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Acronym
bit
BITKOM
BITS
Long Term Equivalent
Binary digIT
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Binärzeichen
Meaning
The unit of information; the amount of information obtained by asking a yes-or-no question; a
computational quantity that can take on one of two values, such as true and false or 0 and 1;
the smallest unit of storage - sufficient to hold one bit.
Bundesverband InformationsGerman Association for Information Deutschlands bedeutendster Bundesverband für Unternehmen der Informationswirt-schaft,
wirtschaft, Telekommunikation und Technology, Telecommunications and der Telekommunikation und der neuen Medien. Ziel ist es, den Weg Deutschlands ins
Neue Medien e.V.
New Media e.V.
Informationszeitalter aktiv mitzugestalten und die politischen und rechtlichen
Rahmenbedingungen im Sinne der ca. 700 Mitglieder zu optimieren. (www.bitkom.org)
Context
unit
Bump In The Stack
cryptography,
net
Delle im Stapel
organization,
telecom
BLOB
Denotes the possible location of an IPsec implementation compared with the location of the
TCP/IP stack. In a BITS implementation, IPsec is located underneath an existing
implementation of an IP stack, between the native IP and the local network drivers.
Barrierefreie InformationsTechnik- decree on barrier-free information
This government decree as part of the German law on equal opportunities corresponds
Verordnung
technology
closely to the content, structure, and numbering system of the international W3C-WAI. It
provides guidelines for the design of web-pages accessible by disabled persons.
Bump In The Wire
Delle in der Leitung
Denotes the possible location of an IPsec implementation compared with the location of the
TCP/IP stack. In a BITW implementation, an outboard cryptographic processor is used.
Belize
Belize
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
BusIness
Geschäft
A generic TLD that is available to businesses worldwide.
Benin
Benin
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
BundesKriminalAmt
federal bureau of criminal
The German federal bureau of criminal investigation under the jurisdiction of the BMI is the
investigation
coordination center between the federal and state law enforcement agencies. It investigates
serious crimes and collects information on international crime. (www.bka.de)
Browser Look And Feel
Browser Aussehen und Anfühlen
Guidelines from Oracle regarding common UI components, templates, flows, and general
heuristics. They should be used to develop HTML-based Oracle products to provide a
consistent look and feel of applications, flow of applications, and interaction of components.
Better Luck Next Time
(ich wünsche dir) nächstes Mal mehr A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Glück
Binary Large OBject
großes binäres Objekt
A database field that holds any digitized information including text, images, audio and video.
Blog
weB(-)LOG
Web-Tagebuch
Internet
A Web page which contains periodic, reverse chronologically ordered posts on a common
subject. It is mostly an on-line personal journal and intended for general public consumption.
BLR
BLZ
BLZ
bm
BM
BM&Y
BME
Belarus
BankLeitZahl
Belize
Bermuda
BürgerMeister
Between Me and You
Bundesverband Materialwirtschaft,
Einkauf und Logistik
BMEcat
BME CATalog(ue)
Weißrussland
bank identification or routing code
Belize
Bermuda
mayor
zwischen mir und dir
German association for materials
management, purchasing and
logistics
BME Katalog
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
An international standardized code number with 8 digits to identify a bank.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
An official elected as chief executive or nominal head of a city, town, or borough.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
"The leading specialist association for purchasing and logistics" in Germany. It is "driving the
ongoing development of e-Business transformation" (see BMEcat, openTRANS). (
www.bme.de)
A standard (developed by eBSC) of leading German and international companies for the
exchange of catalog data (product data, prices) by using XML. (www.bmecat.org)
BITV
BITW
BIZ
biz
bj
BKA
BLAF
BLNT
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Internet, law
cryptography,
net
country
TLD
country, TLD
government,
security
Oracle, program
slang
database
country
economy
country
country, TLD
government
slang
organization
enterprise
Seite 18 von 207
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Acronym
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
BMeldDÜV BundesMELDeDatenÜbermittlungs federal ordinance on the transmission
Verordnung
of registration data
BMF
BundesMinisterium der Finanzen Federal Ministry of Finance
BMI
BundesMinisterium des Innern
Federal Ministry of the Interior
BMP
Bean Managed Persistence
Bohnen-verwaltetes Speichern /
Fortbestehen
BMP
BiTmaP
Pixelbild
BMU
BMWA
Bermuda
BundesMinisterium für WIrtschaft
und Arbeit
BundesMinisterium für WIrtschaft
und technologie
Brunei Darussalam
Bayonet Neil-Concelman or British
Naval Connector
Bundesnachrichtendienst
BundesNETZAgentur (für
Eisenbahnen, Elektrizität, Gas,
Telekommunikation und Post)
Bermuda
Federal Ministry of Economics and
Labour
Federal Ministry of Economics and
Technology
Brunei
[Eigenname / proper name] (einer
Koaxialkabelsteckverbindung)
federal intelligence service
Federal Network Agency (for Railway,
Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications
and Post)
BNF
Backus-Naur Form
Backus-Naur-Form[Eigenname /
proper name]
BNR
BO
Backus-NauR form
Back Orifice
Backus-Naur-Form[Eigenname]
rückwärtige Öffnung, Hintertür
bo
BOA
Bolivia
Basic Object Adapter
Bolivien
grundlegender Objektadapter
BoB
Bochs
BauOrdnungsBehörde
onomatopoeic for box
office for building regulation
lautmalerisch für Kiste
BOF
BOF
bol
Beginning Of File
Birds Of a Feather (flock together)
{saying}
Behörden OnLine
Dateianfang
Vögel von einer Feder {Sprichwort:
gleich und gleich gesellt sich gern}
agency online
BOL
Best Of Luck
viel Glück!
BMWi
bn
BNC
BND
BNetzA
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Meaning
Context
government, law
A German federal ordinance on the transmission of registration data. It complements the
MRRG.
government
The German Federal Ministry of Finance. (www.bundesfinanzministerium.de)
government
The German Federal Ministry of the Interior. (www.bmi.bund.de)
program, Sun
When the transfer of data between an entity bean instance's variables and the underlying
resource manager is managed by the entity bean. (Contrast to CMP)
The standard bit-mapped graphics format used in the Windows environment. Graphics files in graphic
this format end with a .BMP extension. (see also DIB)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
The German Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour since October 2002. (www.bmwi.de) government
The German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology up to September 2002. (
www.bmwi.de)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A commonly used plug and socket for audio, video and networking applications. BNCs
connect two-wire coaxial cable (signal and ground) using a bayonet mount.
The German intelligence service for foreign affairs. (www.bundesnachrichtendienst.de)
A German higher federal authority within the scope of business of the BMWA that
supersedes the RegTP. It provides, by liberalisation and deregulation, for the further
development of the electricity, gas, telecommunications, postal and railway infrastructure
markets. It also acts as the root CA according the SigG. (www.bundesnetzagentur.de)
government
Also known as Backus normal form, it was the first metalanguage to define programming
languages. Introduced by John Backus in 1959 to describe the ALGOL 58 language, it was
enhanced by Peter Naur and used to define ALGOL 60. (see RFC 822)
Seldom abbreviation for BNF.
A RAT coming as a trojan or ActiveX control that allows a cracker to manipulate a remote
computer more completely than the local user. It can sniff passwords, record keystrokes,
access the file system etc. (www.cultdeadcow.com/tools/bo.html)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A simple and generic type of OA introduced with the first version of CORBA that could be
used for basic purposes. Its minimalistic interface provides a total of 10 methods,
conveniently specified in IDL.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 630)
"A highly portable open source IA-32 (x86) PC emulator written in C++, that runs on most
popular platforms. It includes emulation of the Intel x86 CPU, common I/O devices, and a
custom BIOS." It allows to run e.g. WinNT on Linux. (bochs.sourceforge.net)
Indicates the beginning of a file.
An informal discussion group, scheduled on a conference program or formed ad hoc, to
consider a specific issue or subject (e.g. to initiate new ideas, protocols or formats).
Ein Unternehmen u.a. der Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe/Informatik-Zentrum mit dem Ziel,
Produkte rund um die Themen Internet und Telekommunikation, speziell für den öffentlichrechtlichen Bereich zu entwickeln und implementieren. (www.behoerden-online.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
program
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country, TLD
net
government
organization
program
security
country, TLD
net, program
Nuremberg
OS, PC, Unix
general
general
Curiavant
slang
Seite 19 von 207
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Acronym
BOL
BOOTP
Long Term Equivalent
Bolivia
Bootstrap Protocol
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Bolivien
Urladeprotokoll
BORooN
Business Oriented Root Network
BOS
Base or Basic OS
geschäftsorientiertes WurzelNetzwerk
Basisbetriebssystem
BOS
bos
Behörden und Organisationen mit authorities and organizations with
Sicherheitsaufgaben
security tasks
Bremen Online Services
[Eigenname / proper name]
BOSS
Bsi Oss Security Suite
BOT
Bot
Botswana
roBOT
Sicherheits-Suite des BSI aus
quelloffener Software
Botsuana
Automat oder Roboter
BP
Business Process
Geschäftsprozess
BPEL
Business Process Execution
Language
Business Process Execution
Language for Web Services
GeschäftsprozessAusführungssprache
GeschäftsprozessA notation developed by IBM, BEA and Microsoft "for specifying business process behavior
Ausführungssprache für Web-Dienste based on Web services. Processes in BPEL4WS export and import functionality by using
Web Service interfaces ..." (www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/ws-bpel)
Geschäftsprozessverbesserung
A methodology used for making continuous, incremental improvements in existing business
processes.
Geschäftsprozess-Management
A systematic approach to improving an organization's business processes. BPM activities
seek to make business processes more effective, more efficient, and more capable of
adapting to an ever-changing environment.
BPEL4WS
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
This allows a client (e.g. computers loading their OS over the network) to determine its IP
address given its hardware address (to some BOOTP server). [RFC 1084]
A German company that offers root services (alternative to ICANN) to all commercial users,
who want to create and use or market their own TLDs. (www.boroon.de)
The collection of programs that controls the resources and the operations of the computer
system.
In Germany mainly the police of the states, the federal police authorities, customs, disaster
control, rescue and firefighters. They all together use a common communication standard.
Eine mehrheitlich Bremen gehörende privat-öffentliche Gesellschaft, die eGovernmentLösungen für Bund, Länder und Kommunen auf der Basis moderner Signatur- und
Verschlüsselungstechniken entwickelt und realisiert. (siehe OSCAR) (www.bos.de)
(www.bsi.bund.de/produkte/boss/index.htm)
Context
country
Internet
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Any type of autonomous software that operates as an agent for a user or a program or
simulates a human activity. On the Internet it performs a repetitive function such as posting a
message to multiple newsgroups or searching for information or news.
A set of coordinated tasks and activities, conducted by both people and equipment, that will
lead to accomplishing a specific organizational goal.
see BPEL4WS (www.bpelsource.com)
country
Internet
company,
Internet
IBM, Unix
government,
security
company,
Curiavant
security, Unix
enterprise
IBM, Internet,
MS, program
IBM, Internet,
MS, program
BPI
Business Process Improvement
BPM
Business Process Management
BPMI
bpp
Business Process Management
Initiative
Business Process Modeling
Notation
bits per pixel
Bits pro Bildpunkt
The number of bits of information stored per pixel of an image or displayed by a graphics
adapter. It determines the number of colors that can be displayed at one time.
graphic, unit
BPP
BPR
Business Process Platform
Business Process Reengineering
Geschäftsprozess-Erneuerung
enterprise
bps
br
BRA
bits per second
Brazil
Brazil
Bits pro Sekunde
Brasilien
Brasilien
A systematic, disciplined improvement approach that critically examines, rethinks, and
redesigns mission-delivery processes in order to achieve dramatic improvements in
performance in areas important to customers and stakeholders.
A measure of the rate of data transmission.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
BPMN
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
enterprise
enterprise
organization
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
net, unit
country, TLD
country
Seite 20 von 207
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Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:43
Acronym
BRB
BRB
BREKO
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Barbados
Barbados
Be Right Back
bin gleich (wieder) zurück
Bundesverband der REgionalen
und lokalen teleKOmmunikationsgesellschaften e. V. oder Bundesverband Breitbandkommunikation
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Interessenverband der Festnetz-Wettbewerber der Deutschen Telekom, die über eine eigene
Infrastruktur verfügen, über die sie Sprach- und Datendienste anbieten. Er vertritt die
Anliegen dieser Netzanbieter gegenüber dem Gesetzgeber, der Regierung, der EU, der
BNetzA, sowie der Wissenschaft, den Medien und der Öffentlichkeit. (www.breko.org)
Context
country
slang
organization,
telecom
BREW
Binary Runtime Environment for
Wireless
binäre Laufzeitumgebung für
drahtlose (Geräte)
program,
telecom
BRN
BRN
BRT
BRU
BS
bs
BS
BS 2000
BS 7799
Bahrain
Brunei Darussalam
Be Right There
Brunei Darussalam
BackSpace
Bahamas
British Standard
Betriebssystem 2000
British Standard 7799
Bahrain
Brunei
BSA
Business Software Alliance
Allianz für Geschäftssoftware
An open-source on-line application development platform for Qualcomm's CDMA wireless
technology. It makes it possible for developers to create portable applications that will work
on any handsets equipped with CDMA chipsets.
The UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A control code in the ASCII code: Delete the character to the left.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
An official standard in Great Britain.
An OS from SNI for mainframes.
This British standard is a set of generic guidelines to aid the formulation of an effective
security policy. It evolved into ISO17799. (www.bsi-global.com/Corporate/17799.xalter)
It was created by Microsoft in an attempt to combat software theft. The alliance includes the
majority of leading software publishers. It is active in over 65 countries. (www.bsa.org)
BSAC
BSD
BSD
Bit Sliced Arithmetic Coding
Berkeley Software Design
Berkeley Software Distribution
Berkeley Software-Entwurf
Berkeley Software-Vertrieb
company, Unix
OS, Unix
BSD/OS
BSD Operating System
BSD Betriebssystem
BSDI
BSI
BSI
[Eigenname / proper name]
britisches Normungsinstitut
federal office for information security
BSOD
Berkeley Software Design, Inc.
British Standards Institute
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der
Informationstechnik
Blue Screen Of Death
A private company founded in 1991, that continued to develop the BSD UNIX code.
A version of UNIX developed by the Computer Systems Research Group of the University of
California at Berkeley.
A commercial, proprietary BSD UNIX variant from Wind River Systems (formerly BSDI). (
www.windriver.com/products/bsd_os)
see BSD. (www.bsdi.com > www.windriver.com)
The British national standards body. It is member of ISO. (www.bsi-global.com)
A German federal office with the task to expose security risks of information processing and
to suggest appropriate solutions. (www.bsi.de)
The infamous white-on-blue text screen which appears when MS Windows crashes. Reboot!
BSS
BstA
BT
bt
BTA
BTDT
BTN
BTP
Basic Service Set
BeSTattungsAnstalt
Bayreuth
Bhutan
But Then Again
Been There, Done That
Bhutan
Business Transaction Protocol
grundlegende Dienstgruppe
office for burials
[Eigenname / proper name]
Bhutan
aber dann (schon) wieder
dort gewesen, das getan
Bhutan
Protokoll für geschäftliche
Transaktionen
A set of 802.11-compliant stations that operate as a fully connected wireless network.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 740)
Name of a German city in Bavaria that is part of the regional [email protected] project.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
net
Nuremberg
Curiavant
country, TLD
slang
slang
country
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Brunei
Rückschritt
Bahamas
britische Norm
operating system 2000
britische Norm 7799
blauer Bildschirm des Todes
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
country
slang
country
ASCII
country, TLD
standard
OS
security,
standard
MS,
organization
OS, Unix
company, Unix
standard
government,
security
MS
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Acronym
BTW
BTX
Long Term Equivalent
By The Way
Balanced Technology eXtended
(Literal) Translation {to German}
übrigens oder nebenbei
ausgewogene Technologie erweitert
BU
BUL
BUR
BUR
BUS
Business Unit
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Myanmar (formerly: Burma)
Broadcast and Unknown Server
Geschäftseinheit
Bulgarien
Burkina Faso (früher: Obervolta)
Myanmar (früher: Birma)
Rundruf und unbekannte Server
bv
BVA
Bouvet Island
BundesVerwaltungsAmt
Bouvetinsel
federal administration office
BVB
BVB-IT
Besondere VertragsBedingungen
Besondere VertragsBedingungen
für InformationsTechnologie
BerufsVerband der
Datenschutzbeauftragten
deutschlands e.V.
Bundesverband Digitale Wirtschaft
Bundesverband
Informationstechnologien e.V.
BerufsVerband Selbständige in der
Informatik e.V.
BvD
BVDW
BVIT
BVSI
BVT
bw
BWA
Meaning
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A PC form factor specification that allows to balance thermal management, acoustics, system
performance, and size (scaling from smaller than µATX up to tower size with the same core
layout). It was developed with SATA, USB 2.0, and PCI Express in mind.
A relatively autonomous division within a company.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
A software component of a LANE implementation, which manages multicast and broadcast
traffic within an emulated LAN.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Eine selbständige Bundesoberbehörde im Geschäftsbereich des BMI mit dem Auftrag
Verwaltungsaufgaben der Bundesministerien zu übernehmen, zu bündeln und effektiv zu
erledigen. Zentrale Dienstleistungsbehörde des Bundes. (www.bundesverwaltungsamt.de)
Context
slang
PC
enterprise
country
country
country
net
country, TLD
government
law
law
association of professional data
protection officers in Germany
(registered association)
federal association digital economy
federal association for information
technologies (registered association)
professional organization of the selfemployed in computer science
Bouvetinsel
Botsuana
BWA
BXA
Bouvet Island
Botswana
Bauausschuss / WerkAusschuss
für den Entwässerungsbetrieb
Botswana
Bureau of Export Administration
by
BYBN
Belarus
BaYerisches BehördenNetz
Weißrussland
bz
BZ
BZ
C
Belize
BildungsZentrum
BildungsZentrum
C (following B)
Belize
training center
(adult) education center
[Eigenname / proper name]
c't
Computer Technik
computer technology
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Botsuana
Büro für Exportverwaltung
Die Interessenvertretung der Datenschutzbeauftragten in Deutschland mit den Zielen:
Förderung des Erfahrungsaustausches, Eintreten für die Belange des Datenschutzes,
Mitwirkung bei Gesetzgebungsverfahren, Aus- u. Weiterbildung. (www.bvdnet.de)
The new (since mid 2004) name of the former dmmv. (www.dmmv.de , www.bvdw.org)
An important association of German software developing companies and IT service
providers, that was merged in BITKOM in January 2001. (www.bvit.de)
Der Verband sieht seine Aufgaben in der wirtschaftlichen, organisatorischen und fachlichen
Unterstützung und Förderung der selbständigen IT-Berater/-innen. Zur Erfüllung dieser
Aufgaben verfolgt er eine Reihe ideeller und wirtschaftlicher Ziele. (www.bvsi.de)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
organization,
security
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A section of the US DoC that "seeks to advance US national security, foreign policy, and
economic interests by regulating exports of critical goods and technologies".
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country
cryptography,
government
country, TLD
government,
Internet
country, TLD
Curiavant
Nuremberg
program
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The name of the "VHS" in Nürnberg.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 417)
A very popular high-level programming language developed by D. Ritchie at Bell Labs in the
1970s that is able to manipulate the computer at a low level like assembly language.
The most important popular PC magazine in German language. (www.heise.de/ct)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
organization
organization
organization
country
country, TLD
Erlangen
PC
Seite 22 von 207
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Acronym
C/S
Long Term Equivalent
Client-Server
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Benutzerrechner/AuftraggeberAbteilungsrechner/Diener
C#
C sharp
Cis oder hohes C [Eigenname /
proper name]
C++
C2B
C plus plus
Consumer or Citizen to Business
[Eigenname / proper name]
Verbraucher oder Bürger zu
Unternehmen
C4I
Command, Control,
Communications, Computers,
Intelligence
Canada
Certificate or Certification or
Certifying Authority
Computer Associates
Computer-Assisted Audit
Technique
Community Advisory Board
ca
CA
CA
CAAT
CAB
CAD
CAE
CAE
CAF
CAIDA
CAL
CalDAV
CALEA
CAM
CAM
CAM
CAM
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
Context
A common form of distributed system (two-tier) in which software is split between server tasks net
and client tasks. A client sends requests to a server (which is listening), according to some
protocol, asking for information or action, and the server responds.
An object-oriented programming language from Microsoft that is based on C++ with elements MS, program
from Visual Basic and Java. It provides automatic garbage collection, supports XML and
SOAP and has access to Microsoft's .NET class library.
An object-oriented version of C created by Bjarne Stroustrup.
program
Refers to a consumer / citizen communicating with a business. (see e-business, e-commerce, economy,
B2C)
Internet
security
(www.c4i.org/whatisc4i.html)
Kanada
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Zertifizierungsstelle oder -instanz oder An organization that issues digital certificates which attest the identity of a person or an
Zertifizierungsdiensteanbieter
organization and makes its public key (see PKI) widely available to its intended audience.
[Eigenname / proper name]
A large US software vendor offering applications from micro to mainframe. (www.ca.com)
rechnergestützte Prüfungstechnik
A collection of computer programs, such as generalized audit software, test-data generators,
sampling programs, utility software aids, or customized audit programs.
Beirat der (Benutzer- oder
Entwickler-)Gemeinschaft
Computer Aided Design
computerunterstütztes Entwerfen
Using computers to design products. CAD systems are high-speed workstations or desktop
computers with CAD software.
Common Application Environment allgemeine Anwendungsumgebung
A software development platform that is specified by X/Open. It is based on POSIX and C.
Computer Aided Engineering
computerunterstütztes
Use of computers to help with all phases of engineering design work. Like CAD, but also
Ingenieurwesen
involving the conceptual and analytical design steps.
Central African Republic
Zentralafrikanische Republik
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Cooperative Association for
kooperative Vereinigung für Internet- An association that "provides tools and analyses promoting the engineering and maintenance
Internet Data Analysis
Datenanalyse
of a robust, scalable global Internet infrastructure." (www.caida.org)
Client Access License
Client-Zugangslizenz
A legal document that provides the right for an individual computer to access a particular
Microsoft server product. CALs are required for compliance with the terms of Microsoft's
server products licensing agreements.
CALendaring extensions to
Erweiterung von Kalender-Servern mit A protocol allowing calendar access via WebDAV. It models calendar events as HTTP
webDAV or CALendar server
WebDAV
resources in iCalendar format, and models calendars containing events as WebDAV
collections. This allows e.g. to synchronize between multiple users. (ietf.webdav.org/caldav)
extensions for webDAV
Communications Assistance for
Gesetz zur (Tele)KommunikationsAn US law that "requires telecommunications carriers to ensure that their equipment,
Law Enforcement Act
Unterstützung bei der Strafverfolgung facilities, and services are able to comply with authorized electronic surveillance." It
corresponds to the German TKÜV. (www.fcc.gov/calea)
Cambodia
Kambodscha
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Cameroon
Kamerun
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Card Authentication Method
Kartenauthentifizierungsmethode
The method (usually static or dynamic data authentication) used to verify that a card has
come from a valid issuer and has not been tampered with.
Computer Aided Manufacturing
computerunterstütztes Fertigen
The automation of manufacturing systems and techniques, including numerical control,
process control, robotics and materials requirements planning.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country, TLD
cryptography
company
security
Sun
enterprise
program, Unix
enterprise
country
Internet, security
law, MS
Internet
law
country
country
smartcard
enterprise
Seite 23 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
CAM
CAN
CAN
CAN
Long Term Equivalent
Condition Access Module
Canada
CANcel
Controller Area Network
CAP
CAP
CAPI
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
Kanada
Abbruch
Netzwerk von Steuergeräten
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A control code in the ASCII code: Cancel the transaction.
An ISO standard for a serial bus system especially suited to interconnect smart devices to
build smart systems or sub-systems. The protocol has gained widespread use in industrial
automation as well as in automotives and mobile machines. [ISO 11898]
country
ASCII
net
Using computers to plan e.g. a manufacturing process or a whole factory.
A programming interface standard for an application program to communicate with an ISDN
card. It is widely used in Germany.
API by Microsoft to provide services that enable application developers to add security based
on cryptography to applications. It includes functionality for encoding to and decoding from
ASN.1, hashing, encrypting and decrypting data, for authentication using digital certificates,
and for managing certificates in certificate stores.
enterprise
MS, program
Common Alerting Protocol
Computer Aided Planning
Common (ISDN) Application
Programming Interface
CAPI (also: Cryptographic API
CryptoAPI)
allgemeines Alarmierungsprotokoll
computerunterstütztes Planen
allgemeine Schnittstelle zur
Programmierung von Anwendungen
kryptographische API
CAPP
Controlled Access Protection
Profile
Captcha
Completely Automated Public
Turing test to tell Computers and
Humans Apart
card Operating System
Computer Aided Selling
Computer Aided Software
Engineering
Schutzprofil für kontrollierten Zugang A set of security functional and assurance requirements for IT products. CAPP conformant
products support access controls that are capable of enforcing access limitations on
individual users and data objects. (niap.nist.gov/cc-scheme/pp/PP_CAPP_V1.d.html)
vollständig automatisierter,
öffentlicher Turingtest um Computer
und Menschen zu unterscheiden
Kartenbetriebssystem
A smart card OS developed by Siemens.
computerunterstütztes Verkaufen
Using computers to sell products. Mainly isolated applications instead of CRM solutions.
computerunterstützte
Software that is used in any and all phases of developing an information system, including
Softwareentwicklung
analysis, design and programming. CASE tools provide automated methods for designing
and documenting traditional structured programming techniques.
[Eigenname / proper name]
A Northern Telcom 64-bit block cipher (symmetric encryption) algorithm developed by C.
Adams and S. Tavares. [RFC 2144]
Kompetenzzentrum für angewandte "The CAST Forum is a contact point for IT security expertise at the Darmstadt scientific
Sicherheitstechnologie
institutions" (mainly Fraunhofer-Institut für Graphische Datenverarbeitung, Fraunhofer-Institut
für Sichere Telekooperation, Technische Univ. Darmstadt). (www.castforum.de)
(durch den) Karteninhaber aktiviertes An unattended customer-activated terminal that reads smart cards and dispenses a product
Terminal
or provides a service. It may be an automated dispensing machine, self service terminal or a
limited-amount terminal.
katalanisch
A generic TLD that will be available to the community of the Catalans in Spain.
Kabelkategorie
Categories for network cables are based on their transmission capacity. The majority of new
wiring installations use CAT 5, an UTP wire with 100 Mbps.
Hitech-Antwort-Team auf Computer- A multi-agency task force formed to apprehend and prosecute all criminals who use
und Technologieverbrechen
technology to prey on the citizens in the San Diego area (US). (www.catchteam.org)
Catalyst Betriebssystem
An OS for the 'Catalyst' switch series from Cisco. (see also IOS, an alternative to CatOS)
Fernsehen über
Gemeinschaftsanschluss oder
-antenne
cardOS
CAS
CASE
CAST
Carlisle Adams, Stafford Tavares
CAST
Competence center for Applied
Security Technology
CAT
Cardholder Activated Terminal
cat
CAT 1 /...7
CATalan
cable CATegory
CATCH
Computer And Technology Crime
Hi-tech response team
CATalyst Operating System
Community Access or Antenna
TeleVision
CatOS
CATV
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
cryptography,
MS, program
security
OS, smartcard
enterprise
program
cryptography
security
smartcard
TLD
net
government,
security
Cisco, OS
telecom
Seite 24 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
CAUCE
Glossar - Abkü
CAY
CB
Long Term Equivalent
Coalition Against Unsolicited
Commercial Email
Cayman Islands
Certification/validation Body
CBAC
Context-Based Access Protocol
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Koalition gegen unerwünschte
kommerzielle e-Mail
Kaiman-Inseln
Zertifizierungs-/BestätigungsInstitution
kontextbasiertes Zugriffsprotokoll
CBB
CBC
Common Building Blocks
Cipher Block Chaining
Geheimcodeblock-Kettung
CBEFF
CBM
CBR
CBT
CBWFQ
cc
CC
cc
cc:
CC/PP
CCA
CCC
CCC
CCD
CCI
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
"An ad hoc, all volunteer organization, created by netizens to advocate for a legislative
solution to the problem of UCE." (www.cauce.org)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
An organization responsible for carrying out certification/validation and for overseeing the
day-to-day operation of an evaluation and certification/validation scheme.
A protocol that provides internal users with secure access control for each application and for
all traffic across network perimeters. It enhances security by scrutinizing both source and
destination addresses and by tracking each application’s connection status.
A block cipher mode that combines the previous block of ciphertext with the current block of
plaintext before encrypting it. The first plain text block is combined with an IV.
Common Biometric Exchange File gemeinsames Format zum Austausch The definition of a common set of data elements necessary to support multiple biometric
Format
biometrischer Daten
technologies and to promote interoperability of biometric-based application programs and
systems by allowing for biometric data exchange. (www.nist.gov/cbeff)
Commodore Business Machines
[Eigenname / proper name]
One of the first PC companies. It introduced the PET computer in 1977, the Commodore 64
and later the Amiga series. It vanished in 1994.
Constant Bit Rate
konstante Bitrate
A uniform transmission rate. For example, realtime voice and video traffic requires a CBR.
Computer Based Training
Computer-unterstütztes Training
Using the computer for training and instruction. CBT programs are called 'courseware' and
provide interactive training sessions for all disciplines. (see e-learning, WBT)
It extends the standard WFQ functionality to provide support for user-defined traffic classes.
Class-Based Weighted Fair
klassenbasiert gerecht gewichteter
Queueing
Warteschlangenbetrieb
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Kokos-Inseln
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Common Criteria
gemeinsame Kriterien
Criteria for the evaluation of IT security that are broadly useful within the international
community. It is a combination of the ITSEC, TCSEC and other approaches. It defines seven
levels of security (EAL 1 to EAL 7) (www.commoncriteria.org) [ISO-IEC-15408]
cubic centimeter
Kubikzentimeter
A metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter.
Durchschlag
carbon or courtesy copy
The field in an e-mail header that names additional recipients for the message. In German:
"Kopie an ..." {courtesy = Höflichkeit, etwa "zur freundlichen Kenntnisnahme"}
Composite Capability/Preference Verbundfähigkeit /
A CC/PP profile is a description of device capabilities and user preferences. This is often
Profiles
Voreinstellungsprofil
referred to as a device's delivery context and can be used to guide the adaptation of content
presented to that device.
Copy Control Association
Vereinigung für Kopierkontrolle
"VD CCA is a not-for-profit corporation with responsibility for licensing CSS to manufacturers
of DVD hardware, discs and related products." (www.dvdcca.org)
Chaos Computer Club e.V.
chaos computer club
Eine "Gemeinschaft ..., die sich grenzüberschreitend für Informationsfreiheit einsetzt und mit
den Auswirkungen von Technologien auf die Gesellschaft sowie das einzelne Lebewesen
beschäftigt und das Wissen um diese Entwicklung fördert." (www.ccc.de)
Citizen Call Center
Bürgertelefonzentrale
Charge-Coupled Device
ladungsgekoppeltes Bauelement
A semiconductor technology used to build light-sensitive electronic devices such as cameras
and image scanners. Each CCD chip consists of an array of photocells.
Controlled Cryptographic Item
kontrollierter kryptographischer
A secure telecommunications or information handling equipment, or associated cryptographic
Gegenstand
component, that is unclassified but governed by a special set of control requirements.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
mail,
organization
country
security
security
PC
cryptography
security
company, PC
net
general
Cisco
country, TLD
security,
standard
unit
mail
Internet
cryptography
security
government
general
cryptography
Seite 25 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Acronym
CCIA
Long Term Equivalent
Computer and Communications
Industry Association
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Vereinigung der Computer- und
Kommunikations-Industrie
CCITSE
Common Criteria for Information
Technology Security Evaluation
International Telegraph and
Telephone Consultive Committee
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Corba Component Model
gemeinsame Kriterien zur
Sicherheitsevaluierung von IT
Internat. Beratungsausschuß für das Precursor of the TSB in the ITU.
Telegrafen- u. Telefonwesen
Kokos-Inseln
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
CORBA Komponentenmodell
A specification added to CORBA with release 3.0 describing a component model with
sophisticated resource allocation control and other advanced features. It is a superset of
EJBs, which it intentionally resembles in many respects.
Unterstützungsorganisation für
"The policy development body for a narrow range of global ccTLD issues within the ICANN
Länderkennzeichen und Namen
structure". (ccnso.icann.org)
Zentrum für Rechnerforschung
A research center for high-performance computing and high-end visualization at the
University at Buffalo (part of the State University of New York). (www.ccr.buffalo.edu)
Verbindlichkeit, Nebenläufigkeit und see OSI CCR
Wiederherstellung
Protokoll z. Ändern d. Festlegung des This protocol is a part of SSL/TLS. Its purpose is to establish (or change) a cipher suite
Verschlüsselungsverfahrens
(combination of algorithms used for privacy, authentication and integrity).
CCITT
CCK
CCM
ccNSO
CCR
CCR
CCSP
CCTA
CCTL
ccTLD
CCTV
CCW
CD
CD
cd
Country Code Name Supporting
Organization
Centrum for Computational
Research
Commitment, Concurrency, and
Recovery
Change Cipher Spec(ification)
Protocol
Central Computer and
Telecommunications Agency
Common Criteria Testing
Laboratory
Testlabor für die gemeinsamen
Kriterien
country code TLD
Landeskennzeichen-TLD
Closed Circuit TeleVision (system) internes Fernsehen (als
geschlossener Kreis) oder
Fernsehüberwachungsanlage
Channel Control Word
Kanalbefehlswort
CD
CD-R
Carrier Detect
Verbindung wird angezeigt
Compact Disc
Kompaktplatten
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kongo, Demokratische Republik
~ (formerly: Zaire {zr})
(früher: Zaire {zr})
Corporate Design
CD-Recordable
beschreibbare CD
CD-ROM
Compact Disc ROM
Kompaktplatten-ROM
CD-RW
CD-ReWritable
wiederbeschreibbare Kompaktplatte
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
Context
A membership organization composed of computer and communications firms. It represents organization
their interests in domestic and foreign trade by promoting open, barrier-free competition, and,
keeps members advised of regulatory policy. (www.ccianet.org)
see CC
security
Within the context of the NIAP CC evaluation and validation scheme, an IT security
evaluation facility, accredited by the US NVLAP and approved by the NIAP oversight body to
conduct CC-based evaluations.
A TLD that denotes a country, e.g. de for Germany etc. (www.iana.org/cctld/cctld.htm)
A television system in which signals are not publicly distributed; cameras are connected to
television monitors in a limited area such as a store, an office building, or on a college
campus. It is commonly used in surveillance systems.
A doubleword at the location in mainstorage specified by the channel address word. One or
more CCWs make up the channel program that directs channel operations.
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 8 if 25 pins or on pin 1 if only 9 pins)
see CD-ROM (and CD-R, CD-RW)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
standard
country
net, program
Internet,
organization
organization
net, program,
standard
security
security
Internet, TLD
security
IBM
V.24
memory, PC
country, TLD
memory, PC
A write-once version of CD-ROM. CD-R discs have a dye-based recording layer (using
cyanine [green], pthalo-cyanine [yellow-gold] or metal-azo [blue]) and an additional golden or
silvery reflecting layer.
A compact disc format used to hold data or sound. It's like an audio CD with spiral, grooved memory, PC
tracks, but uses a different format for recording data. CD-ROMs hold normally 650 MB of
data.
A rewritable CD-ROM technology. Initially known as CD-E (for CD-Erasable), a CD-RW disk memory, PC
can be rewritten a thousand times.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 26 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
CD(R)FS
Long Term Equivalent
CD-ROM File System
(Literal) Translation {to German}
CD-ROM Dateisystem
CDDL
CDE
Common Development and
Distribution License
Common Desktop Environment
allgemeine Entwicklungs- und
Weiterverteilungs-Lizenz
allgemeine Schreibtisch-Umgebung
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access
CDN
CDP
CDP
CDR
Canada
Continuous Data Protection
Crl Distribution Point
Common Data Representation
CDS
Cell Directory Service
CDSA
CDT
Common Data Security
Architecture
Center for Democracy and
Technology
Compressed Domain Transcoder
CDXPO
Computer Digital eXPO(sition)
CE
CE
Compact Edition
Consumer Electronics
CEA
Consumer Electronic Association
CeBIT
Centrum der Büro- und
InformationsTechnik
Commission of the European
Communities
CDT
CEC
CEFIS
CEnter For Information Security
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
The 32-bit file system that handles CD-ROMs in Windows 95/98. It uses the Windows
Vcache disk cache to buffer data from the CD-ROM in memory to speed up retrieval. It
replaced the earlier 16-bit MSCDEX.EXE used in DOS/Windows 3.1.
(www.sun.com/cddl)
Context
PC
law, Sun
A GUI standard for open systems from The Open Group. It is based on Motif with elements X11
from HP, IBM and others and was originally managed by COSE. All the major UNIX vendors
support CDE.
net, telecom
Codeteilung und mehrfacher Zugriff / A form of multiplexing where the transmitter encodes the signal using a pseudo-random
CDMA-Spreiztechnik
sequence which the receiver also knows and can use to decode the received signal. Each
different random sequence corresponds to a different communication channel.
Kanada
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
security
Verteilpunkt für CRLs
A server for downloading CRLs, whose URI may be published in certificates of this CA.
cryptography
allgemeine Datendarstellung
A method for encoding the data types of CORBA's IDL into a low-level representation that all net, program
parties understand by defining representations for primitive types (e.g. integers), constructed
ones (e.g. strings), pseudo-types (e.g. exceptions), and object-references.
Zell(en)-Verzeichnisdienst
A distributed service that provides a consistent, location-independent method for naming and database
using resources. It uses a structured object database (though not a general purpose one) in
which information is stored about service or object locations within a DCE cell.
allgemeine Daten-Sicherheitsstruktur The specification from Intel for the development of secure, interoperable, extensible and
cryptography
cross-platform applications is now an industry standard published by The Open Group.
Zentrum für Demokratie und
A non-profit public policy organization in the USA that "works to promote democratic values Internet,
Technologie
and constitutional liberties in the digital age". (www.cdt.org)
organization
Umwandler im komprimierten Bereich A technique to transcode (convert) between different video formats (e.g. from MPEG-1 to
graphic
motion-JPEG) without fully decompressing the compressed source file (e.g. MPEG-1).
Computer digital Ausstellung
organization
"A vertically focused, enterprise IT event that includes a state-of-the-art exhibition and
conference". (www.cdxpo.com)
Kompaktausgabe
see WinCE
MS, OS, PC
general
Unterhaltungs- und
The broad field of electronics at home (including TVs, VCRs, radios, walkie-talkies, hi-fi
Haushaltselektronik
stereo, handhelds, software-based games, Internet appliances and home computers).
organization
Verband für elektronische (End-)
An industry organization that unites more than 1000 companies within the US consumer
Verbraucherprodukte
technology industry and that provides information, market research, educational programs,
technical training and promotional programs for its members. (www.ce.org)
[Eigenname / proper name]
general
It is the world's largest show and trade fair for information and communication technology,
that usually takes place during March in Hannover, Germany.
Kommission der europäischen
Formal name for the European Commission. It embodies and upholds the general interest of organization
Gemeinschaften
the EU and is the driving force in its institutional system. Its four main roles are to propose
legislation to parliament and the council, to administer and implement community policies, to
enforce community law and to negotiate international agreements. (europa.eu.int/comm)
Centrum für Informationssicherheit
A "special event ... which offers visitors to CeBIT an ... opportunity to gain a compact ...
overview of the current state of progress in information security." (www.cefis.de)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security
Seite 27 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
CELF
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
A forum of major CE companies that "will discuss and formalize requirements for extensions
to Linux to meet the needs of CE products such as audio/visual products and cellular phones,
etc." (www.celinuxforum.org)
Card Edge Low Profile
Kartensockel mit niedrigem Umriss
The socket into which COAST circuit boards are plugged.
Code Excited Linear Predictive
Code angeregt, linear voraussagend A speech compression method that achieves high compression ratios along with toll quality
audio.
Common Evaluation Methodology gemeinsame Evaluierungsmethodik A companion document to the CC that describes the minimum actions to be performed by an
evaluator in order to conduct a CC evaluation, using the criteria and evaluation evidence
defined in the CC. (synonym for CM ?)
Comité or Centre or Conseil
Europäisches Komitee für Normung / A body coordinating standardization activities in the EEC and EFTA countries. Its "mission is
Européen pour la or de
European Committee for
to promote voluntary technical harmonization in Europe in conjunction with worldwide bodies
Standardization
and its partners in Europe." (www.cenorm.be)
Normalisation
Comité Européen de Normalisation European Committee for
A non-profit technical organization composed of the national electrotechnical committees of
ELECtrotechnique
Electrotechnical Standardization /
23 European countries. It develops electrotechnical standards (which are mostly identical to
Europäisches Komitee für
the IEC standards) for the European market in order to reduce trade barriers for
elektrotechnische Normung
electrotechnical products, systems and services. (www.cenelec.org)
Context
organization,
Unix
Internet, TLD
CEO
Council of European National Tld
Registries
Chief Executive Officer
CEP
Curiavant EntwicklungsPlan
CELP
CELP
CEM
CEN
CENELEC
CENTR
Long Term Equivalent
CE (Consumer Electronics) Linux
Forum
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
CE Linux Forum
Rat der europäischen nationalen
TLD-Registrare
Vorstandsvorsitzender, (Haupt-)
Geschäftsführer, Generaldirektor
Curiavant development plan
An association (a not-for-profit company in the UK) of Internet ccTLD registries with a
European focus, but there are no geographical restrictions. (www.centr.org)
The executive with the chief decision-making authority in an organization or business.
A program for the further development of the Curiavant Internet GmbH as a private financed
company after the public promotion of the [email protected] project end of 2003.
CEPIS
Council of European Professional europäische Dachorganisation der
It unites 32 informatics professional societies across Europe with more then 150.000 ICT
Informatics Societies
Gesellschaften für Informatik
professionals and promotes acceptance of professional standards. (www.cepis.org)
CEPS
Common Electronic Purse
Spezifikation eines allgemeinen
A worldwide open standard for electronic purse smartcards to be globally interoperable. (
Specification
elektronischen Geldbeutels
www.cepsco.org)
CEPT
Conférence Européene des
European Conference of Postal and Originally founded as an association of the monopoly-holding postal and telecommunications
administrations des Postes et
Telecommunications Administrations administrations of the European countries, it is today a body of policy-makers and regulators.
Télécommunications
(www.cept.org)
CER
Cryptographic Equipment Room
A controlled-access room in which cryptographic systems are located.
Raum für kryptographische
Ausrüstung
CERN
European center for nuclear research An European organization for nuclear research, the world's largest particle physics centre.
Centre Européen pour la
Recherche Nucléaire
Here Tim Berners-Lee invented the WWW. (www.cern.ch)
CERT/CC Computer Emergency Response Computer-Notfall-Eingreifgruppe /
A major reporting center for Internet security problems. It provides technical assistance and
Team / Coordination Center
Koordinationszentrum
coordinates responses to security compromises, identifies trends in intruder activity,
disseminates information to the broad community etc. (www.cert.org)
CERTCOM CERT COMpany ?
[Eigenname / proper name]
A German company that provides IT security services for small and medium size businesses
as a computer emergency response team (see CERT/CC). (www.certcom.de)
CertReq
CERTificate or CERTification
Zertifikats- oder Zertifizierungsanfrage Request for a certificate from a CA. Usually a public-private key pair is generated and the
public key is sent to a CA to be integrated in a public key certificate signed by the CA.
REQuest
CES
Consumer Electronics Show
Ausstellung für
The "showcase for the who, what, where and why of the consumer technology industry." (
Konsumentenelektronik(produkte)
www.cesweb.org)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
memory, PC
compression,
telecom
security
standard
organization,
standard
enterprise
Curiavant
organization
smartcard
organization,
telecom
cryptography
organization
Internet,
organization,
security
company,
security
cryptography
general
Seite 28 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
CESG
Long Term Equivalent
Communications Electronic
Security Group
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Gruppe für Sicherheit von
Kommunikationselektronik
CEST
cf
CF
Central European Summer Time
Central African Republic
CompactFlash
Mitteleuropäische Sommerzeit
Zentralafrikanische Republik
[Eigenname / proper name]
CFA
CFB
CompactFlash Association
Cipher FeedBack mode
Chiffrier-Rückmeldungsmodus
CFF
CFO
CFP
Compact Font Format
Chief Finance Officer
Computers, Freedom & Privacy
kompaktes Zeichensatzformat
Leiter der Finanzabteilung
Computer, Freiheit und Datenschutz
CFS
CFS
Cluster File System
Common File System
cg
CGA
Congo, Republic of ~
Certification Generation
Application
CGA
Color Graphics Adapter
CGEY
Cap Gemini Ernst & Young
CGI
Common Gateway Interface
CGL
Carrier-Grade Linux
CGO
CH
ch
CHA
CHAP
Congo, Republic of ~
Card Holder
Switzerland
Chad
Challenge Handshake
Authentification Protocol
CHARGEN Character Generator Protocol
CHE
Switzerland
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
The Information Assurance (IA) arm of GCHQ in the UK. "We are the UK Government’s
National Technical Authority for IA, responsible for enabling secure and trusted knowledge
sharing to help our customers achieve their business aims." (www.cesg.gov.uk)
see MESZ
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A memory card invented by SanDisk that uses nonvolatile flash memory to store data on a
very small card for mobile devices. It is based on the PCMCIA PC card specifications, but
with smaller dimensions and less pins.
(www.compactflash.org)
A block cipher that is implemented as a self-synchronizing stream cipher. It uses the lastly
generated ciphertext block as the algorithm's input to generate an output block, and then
combining it with the next plaintext block to form the next ciphertext block.
Context
organization,
security
general
country, TLD
memory, PC
memory, PC
cryptography
The executive who is responsible for financial planning and record-keeping for a company.
enterprise
organization
An annual ACM conference about the intersection of computer technology, freedom, and
privacy issues. (www.cfp.org)
Cluster-Dateisystem
The file system of SCO's NSC.
SCO, Unix
gemeinsames Dateisystem
IBM
A centralized file server capability for a large heterogeneous computing network running a
variety of OSs. There is a central component running under MVS which controls the storage
space and communicates with decentral components on the associated systems.
Kongo, Republik
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Anwendung zur Zertifikatserzeugung A collection of application elements which requests the SVD from the SSCD for generation of cryptography
the qualified certificate. The CGA stipulates the generation of a correspondent SCD / SVD
pair by the SSCD, if the requested SVD has not been generated by the SSCD yet.
Farbgrafikadapter
IBM's earliest hardware video color display standard for use in PCs. It can display 80x25 or graphic, IBM,
40x25 text in 16 colors, 640x200 pixels graphics in 2 colors or 320x200 in 4 colors.
PC, standard
[Eigenname / proper name]
company
"One of the world's largest providers of consulting, technology and outsourcing services." (
www.cgey.com)
allg. Schnittstelle für den Übergang
Internet
A standard for running external programs from a WWW server. CGI specifies how to pass
arguments to the executing program as part of the HTTP request. CGI programs are the most
common way for Web servers to interact dynamically with users.
Unix, telecom
Linux der (Telekommunikations-)
An adapted Linux version that fits the needs of telecommunication and ISP companies for
Netzbetreiber-Klasse
their high-speed, high-traffic networks.
Kongo, Republik
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Karteninhaber
smartcard
Schweiz
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
Tschad
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Abfrage-FlußsteuerungsAn authentication method for PPP that applies a three-way handshaking procedure. After the cryptography,
Zugriffsberechtigungsprotokoll
link is established, the server sends a random challenge and expects a matching response
net
that depends on a hash of the challenge and a secret key. [RFC 1994]
Zeichenerzeugungsprotokoll
Internet
A debugging and measurement tool that simply sends data without regard to the input. [
RFC 864]
Schweiz
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
CHI
CHL
CHN
CHRP
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
CHS
CHTML
Long Term Equivalent
Chile
Chile
China
Common Hardware Reference
Platform
Cylinder/Head/Sector
Compact HTML
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Chile
Chile
China (, Volksrepublik)
allgemeine HardwareBezugsplattform
Zylinder/Kopf/Sektor
kompaktes HTML
Meaning
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A specification that was intended to make the PowerPC a standard platform. Also known as
PPCP, it defines minimum hardware requirements (PPC, PCI bus, bootstrap ROM).
Disk information required by FDISK during partitioning.
A subset of standard HTML adapted for use with small computing devices such as PDAs,
cellular phones, and smartphones with limited screen displays. (see i-Mode)
Context
country
country
country
Apple, IBM, PC,
Unix
PC
markup
CI
CI
Coded Information
Corporate Identity
Firmenimage
enterprise
ci
CIA
Côte d'Ivoire (English: Ivory Cost)
Central Intelligence Agency
Elfenbeinküste
zentraler Nachrichtendienst
CIAC
Computer Incident Advisory
Capability
Beratungsfähigkeit für
Computerstörfälle
CIAO
Critical Infrastructure Assurance
Office
Büro zur Sicherung kritischer
Infrastruktur
CICS
Customer Information Control
System
Kunden-Informationskontrollsystem
CID
Card ID
Karten-Identifizierungszeichen
Das einheitliche und prägnante, sich insbesondere von den Konkurrenten abhebende
Erscheinungsbild eines Unternehmens nach außen und innen ist Ausdruck der
Selbstdarstellung und spiegelt die jeweilige Unternehmenskultur und -philosophie wider.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
It supports the US government by providing accurate, comprehensive, and timely foreign
intelligence and by conducting counterintelligence activities, special activities, and other
functions related to foreign intelligence and national security. (www.cia.gov)
A team of the US Department of Energy that provides on-call technical assistance and
information to sites faced with computer security incidents. It also provides training, education
and also vulnerability data collection and analysis. (www.ciac.org/ciac)
An US agency "to coordinate the Federal Government's initiatives on critical infrastructure
assurance" by raising issues that cut across industry sectors and ensuring a cohesive
approach to achieve continuity in delivering critical infrastructure services. (www.ciao.gov)
An IBM mainframe user interface providing a transaction-oriented communications service
(application driver) that supports hosts at several sites. Runs under MVS. Well suited to
systems with frequently run applications. An alternative is TSO.
An identifier designed to identify smart cards uniquely. Card IDs are given by the card issuer
on his responsibility. A CID is made a unique value by combining itself with a card issuer ID.
CID
CIDR
Card ID (number)
Classless Inter-Domain Routing
Karten-Identifizierungszeichen
klassenlose InterdomänenWegeleitung
The name used by American Express for CVC2 (see also CVV2, KPN) with 4 digits.
smartcard
An IP addressing scheme which allocates blocks of Internet addresses in a way that allows Internet
summarization into a smaller number of routing table entries. A CIDR IP address looks like a
normal IP address except that it ends with a slash followed by a number (the IP prefix) that
assigns a variable network ID from 13 to 27 bits (instead of the fixed 8/16/24 bits used in the
class A/B/C network IDs). [RFC 1467, 1517ff]
CIF
Common Intermediate Format
allgemeines Zwischenformat
CIFS
Common Internet File System
Gemeinsames Internet-Dateisystem
CIK
Cryptographic Ignition Key
kryptographischer Zündschlüssel
CIL
Common Intermediate Language
gemeinsame Zwischensprache
A video format used in videoconferencing systems, which supports both NTSC and PAL
signals, with a data rate of 30 fps, with each frame containing 288 lines and 352 pixels per
line. It is part of the ITU H.261 videoconferencing standard.
An enhanced version of the SMB file sharing protocol for the Internet. It allows Web
applications to share data over the Internet and Intranets and is Microsoft's counterpart to
Sun's WebNFS. CIFS supports file access only and not printer sharing.
An (usually) electronic token used to store, transport, and protect cryptographic keys. A
typical use is to divide a split key between a CIK and a cryptographic module, so that it is
necessary to combine the two e.g. to regenerate a key-encrypting key.
see MSIL. (In the CLI standard MSIL is called CIL.)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country, TLD
government,
organization
government,
organization,
security
government,
organization,
security
IBM
smartcard
graphic
MS, net
cryptography
MS, program
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Acronym
CIM
Long Term Equivalent
Common Information Model
(Literal) Translation {to German}
allgemeines Informationsmodell
CIMOM
CIO
CIR
CIM Object Manager
Chief Information Officer
Committed Information Rate
CIRT
Computer or Computing Incident
Response Team
Center for Internet Security
CIM Objektverwalter
Informationsmanager
festgelegte (maximale)
Informationsmenge
Reaktions-Team für ComputerZwischenfälle
Zentrum für Internet-Sicherheit
CIS
CISA
CISC
Cisco
Certified Information Systems
zertifizierter Auditor für
Auditor
Informationssysteme
Complex Instruction Set Computer Rechner mit komplexen
Befehlssätzen
san franCISCO
[Eigenname / proper name]
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
An object-oriented model by the DMTF for describing the entities and relationships in a
network / enterprise environment. (www.dmtf.org/standards/standard_cim.php)
A CIM object manager. An open source Java implementation is provided by the SNIA.
The executive officer in charge of information processing in an organization.
In a frame relay network, the average transmission rate in bits per second for a virtual circuit.
It defines the maximum rate that the network can handle under normal conditions.
see IRT
Context
net
net
enterprise
net
security
security
"CIS provides methods and tools to improve, measure, monitor, and compare the security
status of your Internet-connected systems and appliances, plus those of your business
partners. It is not tied to any proprietary product or service." (www.cisecurity.org)
A "globally accepted standard of achievement in the IS audit, control and security field". More security
than 27.000 IS professionals worldwide have earned such a certificate by ISACA.
A processor where each instruction can perform several low-level operations such as memory processor
access, arithmetic operations or address calculations. In contrast to RISC.
"Cisco Systems, Inc. is the worldwide leader in networking for the Internet." Core areas are
company,
products for routing and switching. (www.cisco.com)
Internet
ISACA's new certification (see CISA) for experienced information security professionals who security
have the required knowledge and ability to provide effective security management and
consulting. It focuses on information risk management at a conceptual level.
security
CISM
Certified Information Systems
Manager
zertifizierter Verwalter für
Informationssysteme
CISSP
Certified Information Systems
Security Professional
Computer Integrated
Telecommunication
Computer-integrierte
Telekommunikation
A German software company working on DMS, electronic forms, electronic publishing and
company,
electronic signatures. They developed an open source implementation of OSCI. (www.cit.de) Curiavant
CIV
CJK
Côte d'Ivoire (English: Ivory Cost)
Chinese, Japanese, Korean
Elfenbeinküste
chinesisch, japanisch, koreanisch
ck
CKG
Cook Islands
Cooperative Key Generation
Cookinseln
kooperative Schlüsselerzeugung
cl
CL
CLB
CLDC
Chile
Sri Lanka (formerly: Ceylon)
Component Load Balancing
Connected, Limited Device
Configuration
Chile
Sri Lanka (früher: Ceylon)
Komponenten-Lastverteilung
verbundene, begrenzte
Gerätekonfiguration
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
In internationalization, a collective term for these languages. Their writing systems are based
partly on Han characters, which require 16-bit character encodings.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Electronically exchanging functions of locally generated, random components, from which
both terminals of a secure circuit construct traffic encryption key or key encryption key for use
on that circuit.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
A load-balancing mechanism for COM components in MS's application center server.
One of two configurations defined as part of J2ME. It is the foundation for the JRE targeted at
small, resource-constrained devices (e.g. mobile phones, pagers, PDAs) and provides the
API for wireless applications. (java.sun.com/products/cldc) (see MIDP)
CLE
CLEF
Certified Linux Engineer
Commercial or Certified Licensed
Evaluation Facility
zertifizierter Linux-Techniker
kommerziell oder bestätigt
zugelassene Bewertungseinrichtung
cit
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
An agency licensed to carry out evaluations of security products in accordance with the
ITSEC evaluation criteria.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
general
country, TLD
cryptography
country, TLD
country
MS, program
program, Sun
Unix
security
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Acronym
CLI
Long Term Equivalent
Calling Line Identification
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Anruferidentifizierung oder
Anrufidentifikation
CLI
Command Line Interface
Kommondozeilen-Schnittstelle
CLI
Common Language Infrastructure einheitliche (Programmier-)
Spracheninfrastruktur
CLR
Common Language Runtime
gemeinsame Laufzeit-Sprache
CLSID
CLasS ID
Klassenbezeichner
CLU
CLX
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
Bei telefonischen Telekommunikationsdiensten Leistungsmerkmal oder Zusatzdienst zur
Anzeige von Rufnummer, Name oder Verbindungsart des Anrufers auf dem Telefondisplay
des Angerufenen. [ETSI 300 659-1]
A means of communication between a program and its user, based solely on textual input
and output. Commands are input with the help of a keyboard and are interpreted and
executed by the program. Results are output as text or graphics to the terminal.
A platform independent development system from Microsoft that enables programs written in
different programming languages to run on different types of hardware. It is part of Microsoft's
.NET platform and is expected to become an ECMA standard.
Software for Microsoft's .NET platform that executes the CIL or compiles it into machine
language. It contains object-oriented services and security services that all .NET applications
can utilize. (see also CLI)
The identification of a COM object is used by applications that support Microsoft's COM
architecture to register their objects.
A program that is run from a command line session, or shell.
A component library from Borland that enables the creation of cross-platform-ready
applications that can be re-compiled and run on different OSs (Windows, Linux).
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The title of a technical document which describes a particular set of IT security evaluation
methods. (see also CC, ITSEC, ITSEF) (synonym for CEM ?)
A protocol that addresses the "need for an interface to public key certification products and
services based on CMS and PKCS10, and the need in S/MIMEv3 for a certificate enrollment
protocol for DSA-signed certificates with Diffie-Hellman ... keys." [RFC 2797]
An Indian company providing IT solutions and services to organizations and institutions
worldwide. It started with the maintenance of IBM mainframes. (www.cmcltd.com)
Context
telecom
PC
MS, program
MS, program
MS, program
Command Line Utility
Kommandozeilendienstprogramm
PC, Unix
Component Library Cross-Platform plattformübergreifende
program
Komponentenbibliothek
cm
Cameroon
Kamerun
country, TLD
CM
security
Common Methodology (for IT
gemeinsame Methodik (für die
Sicherheitsbewertung von IT)
Security Evaluation)
CMC
cryptography
Certificate Management
Zertifikatverwaltung(snachrichten)
(messages over or protocol using) über CMS
Cms
CMC
Computerwartungs-Gesellschaft
company, IBM
Computer Maintenance
Corporation
CME
Common-Malware-Enumeration
security
CMIIW
Correct Me If I'm Wrong
korrigiere mich, wenn ich falsch liege A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
CMIP
Common Management Information allgemeines
An OSI standard protocol related to CMIS. It provides improved security and better reporting net, standard
Protocol
Verwaltungsinformationsprotokoll
of unusual network conditions compared to SNMP but has not been widely adopted. [ISO/IEC
9596 = ITU X.711]
CMIS
Common Management Information allgemeine
An OSI standard for a system of network management information services which are used net, standard
Services
Verwaltungsinformationsdienste
by peer processes to exchange information and commands (similar to SNMP, but more
powerful). It defines a message set and the structure and content of the messages.
CMM
Capability Maturity Model
Modell zur Reife der
A methodology used to develop and refine an organization's software development process. program
Leistungsfähigkeit
The model describes a five-level evolutionary path of increasingly organized and
systematically more mature processes: Initial, Repeatable, Defined, Managed, Optimizing.
CMMF
Certificate Management Message ZertifikatverwaltungsA PKIX format used to convey certificate requests and revocation requests from end entities cryptography
Formats
Nachrichtenformate
to certificate authorities and to send a variety of information from certificate authorities to end
entities. It is subsumed by CMC.
CMON
CoMe ON
komm schon!
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
CMOS
chip
Complementary Metal Oxide
komplementärer Metall-OxidA semiconductor fabrication technology using a combination of n- and p-doped
Semiconductor
Halbleiter
semiconductor material to achieve low power dissipation.
CMOS RAM CMOS RAM
CMOS RAM
Memory made of CMOS. Mostly used for a small, battery-backed memory bank in a PC that memory, PC
holds configuration settings (BIOS) and that may be updated.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
CMOT
Long Term Equivalent
CMip/cmis Over Tcp
(Literal) Translation {to German}
CMIT/CMIS über TCP
CMP
Cellular MultiProcessing
CMP
CMP
Certificate Management
Protocol(s)
Container Managed Persistence
zellulare/zellenförmige
Mehrfachverarbeitung/
Simultanverarbeitung
Zertifikatverwaltungsprotokoll(e)
CMR
CMR
Cameroon
Container Managed Relationship
Container-verwaltetes Speichern /
Fortbestehen
Kamerun
Container-verwaltete Beziehung
CMS
CMS
Content Management System
Conversational Monitor System
Inhaltsverwaltungssystem
Dialogkontrollsystem
CMS
Cryptograhic Message Syntax
kryptographische Nachrichtensyntax
CMT
CMVP
Chip-Multi-Threading
Computer Module Validation
Program
Compartmented Mode Workstation Arbeitsplatzrechner mit AbteilungsModus
CMW
CMY
CMYK
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow
CMY and Key or blacK
cn
CN
CN
China
Common Name
Corporate Network
Cyan, Magenta, Gelb
Cyan (hellblau), Magenta (violett),
Gelb, Schwarz
China (, Volksrepublik)
gemeinsamer Name
Firmennetz
CNA
Computer Network Attack
Angriff auf ein Computernetzwerk
CNC
Computer(ized) Numerical Control rechnergestützte numerische
Steuerung
Certified Netware Engineer
zertifizierter NetWare-Ingenieur
Critical National Infrastructure
kritische nationale Infrastruktur
CNE
CNI
CNNIC
ChiNa internet Network Information China InternetCenter
Netzwerkinformationszentrum
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
Meaning
Context
The use of ISO CMIP/CMIS network management protocols to manage gateways in a TCP/IP net
internet.
processor
A multiprocessing architecture from Unisys that provides mainframe-like architecture using
Intel CPUs. It supports Windows NT and 2000 Server, AIX, NetWare and UnixWare and can
be run as one large SMP system or multiple systems with different OSs.
cryptography
The Internet X.509 PKI Certificate Management Protocols. [RFC 2510]
A term used with EJB when transfer of data between an entity bean's variables and the
underlying resource manager is managed by the enterprise bean's container. (see BMP)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A feature of EJB 2.0 containers that support one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many
relationships. The entity bean uses a Java collection to represent the 'many' side of a
relationship. The 'single' side is represented by the local bean object. (compare CMP)
Software that keeps track of and gives access to the digital data of an organization.
Software that provides interactive communications for IBM's VM operating system. It allows a
user or programmer to launch an application from a terminal and interactively work with it.
The CMS counterpart in MVS is called TSO.
It describes an encapsulation syntax for data protection and supports digital signatures,
message authentication codes, and encryption. It is derived from PKCS #7. [RFC 2630]
program, Sun
country
program, Sun
general
IBM
cryptography
processor
security
A computer workstation (rated at least B1 under the TCSEC) that implements both
discretionary (i.e., identity-based, user-directed) and mandatory (i.e., rule-based,
administratively directed) access policies.
see CMYK
A color model that describes each color in terms of the quantity of each secondary color
(cyan, magenta, yellow), and "key" (black) it contains. It is used for printing.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
(personal) name; an attribute in 'distinguished name'-types
A network of computers and other interconnected devices that belongs totally (really or
virtually) to one enterprise and includes nearly all its resources for EDI.
Operations to disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy information resident in computers and
computer networks, or the computers and networks themselves.
A category of automated machine tools, such as drills and lathes, that operate from
instructions in a program.
Novell's certification for technical competence with self-study courses and tests.
"Those parts of the UK's infrastructure for which continuity is so important to national life that
loss, significant interruption, or degradation of service would have life-threatening serious
economic or other grave social consequences for the community, ..."
"A nonprofit-making organization of administration and service, performing duties of National
Internet Network Information Center. The run and management work of CNNIC is done by
Computers NIC of Chinese Academy of Science." (www.cnnic.com.cn)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security
graphic
graphic
country, TLD
cryptography
net
net, security
enterprise
Novell
security
Internet,
organization
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Acronym
CNR
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:44
CNT
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Kommunikations- und Netzwerkkarte An open industry standard developed by Intel for a scalable 30-pin riser card for ATX
mainboards. It supports PnP and may hold chips for Ethernet-based networking, V.90 analog
modem, DSL, HomePNA, and / or audio subsystems at low costs.
Corporation for National Research Vereinigung für nationale
It "undertakes, fosters, and promotes research in the public interest. Activities center around
Initiatives
Forschungsinitiativen
strategic development of network-based information technologies, providing leadership and
funding for research and development of the NII." (www.cnri.reston.va.us)
Center for National Security
Zentrum für nationale
A "non-governmental advocacy and research organization, ... to work for control of the FBI
Studies
Sicherheitsstudien
and CIA and to prevent violations of civil liberties in the US." (www.cnss.org)
see NSTISSC
Committee on National Security
Komitee für nationale
Systems
Sicherheitssysteme
Client Names Table
Tabelle mit Client-Namen
Tabelle mit Angaben zur Zertifikaterzeugung für jeden SSL-Client (Common Name etc.)
co
COAST
Colombia
Cache On A STick
Kolumbien
Pufferspeicher auf einem Stöckchen
COAST
Computer Operations, Audit, and
Security Technology
Close Of Business
Control OBjectives for Information
and related Technology
Technologie für Rechnerbetrieb,
-auditierung und -sicherheit
Geschäftsschluß
Kontrollziele für Informations- und
verwandte Technologie
CNRI
CNSS
CNSS
COB
COBIT
COBOL
COCOMO
COD
Codec
Codec
CODIS
COE
COFF
COG
COI
COK
COL
COLA
Long Term Equivalent
Communication and Networking
Riser
COmmon Business-Oriented
allgemeine kaufmännisch orientierte
Language
(Programmier-)Sprache
COnstructive COst MOdel
konstruktives Kostenmodell
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kongo, Demokratische Republik
~ (formerly: Zaire)
Codierer / Decodierer
COder / DECoder or COding /
DECoding
COmpressor / DECompressor
Komprimierer / Dekomprimierer
Communication and Display
Information System ?
Common Operating Environment
Kommunikations- und AnzeigeInformationssystem ?
allgemeine Betriebsumgebung
Common Object File Format
Congo, Republic of ~
Consulting for Office and
Information management
Cook Islands
Colombia
Comp.Os.Linux.Announce
allgemeines Objektdatenformat
Kongo, Republik
Consulting für Office und
Informationsmanagement
Cookinseln
Kolumbien
Computer.Betriebssystem.Linux.
Ankündigung
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A technology developed by Intel for the L2 cache subsystem. It is a small circuit board with
SRAM chips that is attached to a motherboard in Pentium-based computers.
A project in computer security research at Purdue University that is focused on real-world
needs and limitations, with a special focus on security for legacy computing systems.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A generally applicable and accepted standard for good IT security and control practices
published by ISACA. It provides a reference framework for management, users, and IS audit,
control and security practitioners. (www.isaca.org/cobit.htm)
A high-level programming language that has been the primary business application language
on mainframes and minis. It is a compiled language.
A method for estimating the cost of the development of a software system.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Context
PC
net,
organization
organization,
security
organization,
security
cryptography,
HOB
country, TLD
memory, PC
security
slang
security
program
program
country
Hardware or software that converts analog sound, speech or video to digital code (analog to
digital) and vice versa (digital to analog).
Hardware or software that compresses and decompresses digital data into a smaller binary
format than the original.
Host-Software zur Zusammenarbeit mit multi-Session-fähigen Terminals von HOB. Vorläufer
von HOBCOM.
The specification of a common IT architecture (including e.g. a software infrastucture,
reusable software, guidelines, standards) within an organization that promotes interoperability
and cross-platform capabilities among its devices. (diicoe.disa.mil/coe)
The executable and object file format used by UNIX System V Release 3.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A German company for DMS, workflow management and content management. (www.coi.de)
general
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A moderated Usenet newsgroup intended for announcements for the Linux community. (
news:comp.os.linux.announce)
country
country
Unix
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
compression
HOB
security
Unix
country
company
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Acronym
COLD
com
COM
COM
Long Term Equivalent
Computer Output on Laser-Disc
COMmercial
Comoros
Component Object Model
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
kommerziell
Komoren
Objektmodell für Komponenten
TLD
country
MS, program
COM+
Component Object Model plus
Objektmodell für Komponenten plus
COM1
COMDEX
COMmunication (port) 1
COMputer Dealers EXhibition
Kommunikation(sanschluß) 1
Ausstellung für Computerhändler
CompTIA
COMPuting Technology Industry
Association
Industrievereinigung für
Computertechnologie
A generic TLD that is available to (persons and) businesses worldwide.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
An open software architecture from Microsoft for binary code. It enables programmers to
develop objects (components) that can be accessed by any COM-compliant application. OLE
and ActiveX are based on COM.
Enhancements to Microsoft's COM that enable programmers to develop COM objects more
easily. COM+ allows native C++ calls to be translated into the correct COM call and COM
interfaces may be defined by a more familiar programming syntax than IDL.
In DOS systems, the name of the first out of four serial communications port.
The largest computer trade show in the US held twice yearly (spring in Atlanta, autumn in Las
Vegas) was originally created for dealers and distributors. (www.comdex.com)
A global membership organization of resellers, distributors and manufacturers committed to
fostering the IT industry by promoting industry standards, growing professional IT expertise
and providing IT skills education. (www.comptia.org)
All technological and managerial measures and controls that ensure confidentiality, integrity
and availability of information system assets including hardware, software, firmware and
information being processed, stored, or communicated.
Measures (e.g. cryptographic algorithms and key management methods) that implement and
assure security services in a communication system, particularly those that provide data
confidentiality and data integrity and that authenticate communicating entities.
The executive who is responsible for the day-to-day management of a company.
A sponsored TLD that is available to non-profit cooperatives.
A computer network monitoring system for UNIX machines. A software tool for checking
security weaknesses on shell scripts and C programs and providing warnings.
A set of standard mechanisms for naming, locating and defining objects in a distributed
computing environment, which allows programs (objects) to be run remotely in a network.
The OS for a smart card.
In an enterprise network, it differentiates high-priority traffic from lower-priority traffic. Tags
may be added to the packets to identify such classes, but they do not guarantee delivery as
do QoS functions, which are implemented in the network devices.
This is a label for a broad set of add-on services that extend the core CORBA specification.
An international consortium of computer users and vendors set up to provide ways of testing
OSI implementations (for conformance, not interoperability).
An OS used in Cray computers.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An alliance of major UNIX vendors dedicated to standardizing open systems. In 1993, its first
specification was the CDE.
A Belgian research institute that "concentrates on ... cryptographic algorithms and protocols,
and on the development of security architectures for computer systems and
telecommunications networks". (www.esat.kuleuven.ac.be/cosic)
security
COMPUSE COMPUter SECurity
C
Rechnersicherheit
COMSEC
COMmunications SECurity
Kommunikationssicherheit
COO
coop
COPP
leitender Geschäftsführer
Genossenschaft
COS
CoS
Chief Operating Officer
COOPeration
Certified Output Protection
Protocol
Computer Oracle (and) Password
System or Security
Common Object Request Broker
Architecture
Card or Chip Operating System
Class of Service
COS
COS
Corba Object Service
Corporation for Open Systems
CORBA Objektdienst
Gesellschaft für offene Systeme
COS
COS
COSE
Cray Operating System
onomatopoeic for beCauSe
Common Open Software or
Systems Environment
COmputer Security and Industrial
Cryptography
Cray-Betriebssystem
weil
allgemeine offene SoftwareUmgebung
Computersicherheit und industrielle
Kryptographie
COPS
CORBA
COSIC
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Computer Orakel- und PasswortSystem oder -Sicherheit
gemeinsame Architektur für
Objektanforderungs-Vermittler
Kartenbetriebssystem
Betriebsklasse
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
MS, program
PC
organization
organization
security
security
enterprise
TLD
cryptography
net, program
OS, smartcard
net
net, program
organization,
standard
OS
slang
Unix
cryptography
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Acronym
COSO
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(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
COTS
Long Term Equivalent
Committee Of Sponsoring
Organizations internal control
Commercial Off-The-Shelf
kommerziell aus dem Regal
general
CP
Certificate Policy
Verfahrensweise für Zertifikate
Software or hardware products that are ready-made and available for sale to the general
public by commercial vendors. Such standard products are designed to be implemented
easily into existing systems without the need for customization.
A named set of rules that indicates the applicability of a public key certificate to a particular
community or class of application with common security requirements.
CP
CP/M
Content Protection
Control Program for
Microcomputers
Comprehensive Perl Archive
Network
Kopierschutz
Steuerprogramm für Kleinstrechner
CPE
Customer Premises Equipment
Communications equipment that resides on the customer's premises.
CPI
Compression Parameter Index
Teilnehmerendgerät, wörtlich:
Kundenausstattung
Kompressionsparameter-Index
CPI-C
gemeinsame Programmierschnittstelle für Kommunikation
allgemeine öffentliche Lizenz
Inhaltsschutz für bespielte
Datenträger oder Medien
Erklärung / Anweisung zur
Zertifizierungspraxis
A general-purpose communications interface under IBM's SAA. Using APPC verbs as its
foundation, it provides a common programming interface across IBM platforms.
An open source license (approved by OSI) from IBM. (www.eclipse.org/legal/cpl-v10.html)
IBM, net, SNA
CPS
Common Programming Interface
for Communications
Common Public License
Content Protection for Prerecorded
Media
Certification Practice Statement
cryptography
cps
CPU
CPU ID
Characters Per Second
Central Processing Unit
CPU IDentifier
Zeichen pro Sekunde
Zentralprozessoreinheit
CPU-Bezeichnung
CPV
CPV
Cap Verde
Kap Verde
Common Procurement Vocabulary allgemeiner Beschaffungswortschatz
A statement of the practices which a Certification Authority employs in issuing public key
certificates. It can help a certificate user to decide whether a certificate issued by a particular
CA can be trusted enough to use in a particular application.
A unit of measure used to describe the speed of dot-matrix and daisy-wheel printers.
The computing part of the computer. Also called the "processor".
The identification of a particular CPU. One of Intel's x86 instructions is CPU-ID, which is
executed to find out what the capabilities and performance level of the processor are.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
CR
cr
CR8
CRADA
Carriage Return
Costa Rica
onomatopoeic for CReate
Cooperative Research And
Development Agreement
Wagenrücklauf
Costa Rica
(er)schaffen oder erzeugen
Vereinbarung zur Zusammenarbeit in
Forschung und Entwicklung
ASCII
country, TLD
slang
Internet
CRAM
Challenge-Response
Authentication Method
Frage-/AntwortAuthentifizierungsmethode
CRB
CRBT
Come Right Back
Crying Really Big Tears
(ich) komme gleich wieder
richtig große Tränen weinen
A control code in the ASCII code: Return the carriage to the beginning of the (same) line.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An agreement of the ICANN, the NIST, and the NTIA under which the parties agreed to
collaborate on a study and process for making the management of the Internet (DNS) root
server system more robust and secure. (www.icann.org/committees/dns-root/crada.htm)
It is intended to support various challenge-response mechanisms, such as S/KEY and OTP
as well as authentication tokens, for authenticated firewall traversal with SOCKS V.5. [IETF
draft, see http://nutibara.udea.edu.co/pub/draft/draft-ietf-aft-socks-cram-00.txt ]
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
CPAN
CPL
CPPM
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
umfassendes Perl Archiv-Netzwerk
cryptography
An early microcomputer single user OS written by G. Kildall of Digital Research for 8080 and OS, PC
Zilog Z80-based 8-bit computers.
"A large collection of Perl software and documentation". It is also the name of a Perl module, program
which is used to download and install Perl software from the CPAN archive. (www.cpan.org)
net, telecom
A field in the IPCOMP header that denotes the algorithm to be used on payload compression. compression
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
IBM, law
unit
processor
processor
country
net
slang
slang
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Acronym
CRC
CRI
CRISP
Long Term Equivalent
Cyclic Redundancy Check
Costa Rica
Cross Registry Information Service
Protocol
(Literal) Translation {to German}
zyklische Redundanz-Überprüfung
Costa Rica
(Über-)Kreuz-RegistrierinformationenDienstprotokoll
CRL
CRM
CRO
CRR
CRT
Certificate Revocation List
Customer Relationship
Management
Certificate Request Message
Format
Croatia (Hrvatska)
Certificate Revocation Request
Cathode Ray Tube
Zertifikat-Widerrufsliste
Management der
Kundenbeziehungen
Nachrichtenformat für
Zertifikatanfragen
Kroatien
Cryptoki
CRYPtographic TOKen Interface
cs
Serbia and Montenegro
CSA
CSCW
Certified Sender Alliance
Computer Supported Co-operative rechnerunterstützte Zusammenarbeit
Work
Circuit-Switched Data
leitungsvermittelte Daten
Wireless data transmission for mobile telephones over circuit-switched connections.
Computer Security Division
Abteilung für Computersicherheit
A division within NIST's Information Technology Laboratory with the mission to improve
information systems security by working on cryptographic standards and applications,
security testing, security research, security management, awareness and education.
Computer Security Institute
Institut für Computersicherheit
It is "the world's leading membership organization specifically dedicated to serving and
training the information, computer and network security professional." (www.gocsi.com)
Cyber Security Industry Alliance
Industrieallianz für Cyber-Sicherheit This "group of leading cyber security software, hardware and services companies, is an
advocacy group dedicated to the improvement of cyber security through public policy,
education and technology-focused initiatives". (www.csialliance.org)
Center for Secure Information
Zentrum für sichere
An US research and academic security center at George Mason University. Its courseware is
Systems
Informationssysteme
approved by NSA. (www.isse.gmu.edu/~csis)
Common Secure Interoperability gemeinsame SicherheitsThe JCP and OMG standard for J2EE and CORBA interoperability defines the SAS protocol
Version 2
Interoperabilität Version 2
that enables interoperable authentication, delegation, and privileges.
Carrier Sense Multiple Access
Vielfachzugriff mit Trägerabfühlung
A characteristic of network hardware that operates by allowing multiple stations to contend for
access to a transmission medium by listening to see if it is idle.
Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Trägersignalfühler für gleichzeitigen The LAN access method used in Ethernet. When a device wants to gain access to the
Collision Detection
Zugriff und Kollisionserkennung
network, it checks to see if the network is free. If it is not, it waits a random amount of time
before retrying.
Chief Security Officer
Leiter der Sicherheitsabteilung
The executive who is responsible for the (IT) security in an organization. (see
www.csocouncil.org)
CRMF
CSD
CSD
CSI
CSIA
CSIS
CSIv2
CSMA
CSMA/CD
CSO
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Kathodenstrahlröhre oder
Röhrenmonitor
Schnittstelle für kryptographische
Kennzeichen
Serbien und Montenegro
Meaning
An error checking technique used to ensure the accuracy of transmitting digital data.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
"A standard mechanism that can be used for finding authoritative information associated with
a label, a protocol to transport queries and responses for accessing that information, and a
first profile ... to support ... queries for domain registration information."
A list of certificates that have been revoked before their scheduled expiration date.
An integrated information system that is used to plan, schedule and control the presales and
postsales activities in an organization.
It is used to convey a request for a certificate to a CA, possibly via a RA for the purposes of
X.509 certificate production. It is a subset of CMMF. [RFC 2511] (see also CSR)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Context
error
country
Internet
cryptography
enterprise
cryptography
country
cryptography
A vacuum tube used as a display screen in a video terminal or TV. Often it refers to the entire PC
monitor.
A standard for an API for cryptographic devices, defining a logical view of the device (e.g.
cryptography,
smart card, cryptographic operations server) called a cryptographic token. [PKCS #11]
program
The ancient country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this perished country. (It country, TLD
was also the ancient country code TLD for the perished country Czechoslovakia.)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
organization
telecom
organization,
security
organization,
security
organization,
security
security
net, program,
security, Sun
net
Ethernet
enterprise,
security
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Acronym
CSOR
Long Term Equivalent
Computer Security Objects
Register
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Register für
Computersicherheitsobjekte
CSP
Certification Service Provider
Zertifizierungsdiensteanbieter
CSP
CSP
Communication Service Provider
Critical Security Parameters
Kommunikationsdiensteanbieter
kritische Sicherheitsparameter
CSP
Cryptographic Service Provider
kryptographischer Dienstleister
CSPP
Computer Systems Policy Project
Computersystem-Strategieprojekt
CSPRI
Cyber Security Policy and
Research Institute
Certificate Signing Request
Cyber-Sicherheitsstrategie und
organization,
Forschungsinstitut
security
cryptography
Anfrage zur Unterzeichnung eines
Zertifikates
Computersicherheit-Hilfsmittelzentrale A part of the work of the CSD. It provides resources concerning computer security. (
security
csrc.nist.gov)
mehrstufige Formatvorlage
A style sheet format for HTML documents endorsed by the W3C.
net
Inhaltsverschlüsselungssystem
The copy protection system used for DVD media which is implemented in chipsets inside the cryptography
DVD player.
see XSS
security
(Web-)Seitenübergreifende
Skripterstellung
Informatik- und
An unit in the NRC that provides independent advice to the US government on technical and government,
Telekommunikationsbeirat
public policy issues relating to computing and communications. (www.cstb.org)
organization
security
Berichtsprogramm über die
A program that focuses on technical vulnerabilities in commercially available hardware,
technische Verwundbarkeit von
firmware, and software products acquired by the US government. It provides for the reporting,
Computersicherheit
cataloging, and discreet dissemination of technical vulnerability information.
Client-SMTP-Gültigkeitsprüfung
It permits a SMTP server to decide whether a client is likely to produce well-behaved traffic, mail
or is at least sufficiently accountable for its actions. It builds upon the existing practice of
service providers that accredit the networks from which sending systems are connecting.
(durch) Komma getrennter Wert
A record layout that separates data fields with a comma and usually surrounds character data general
with quotes.
Cent (Hundertstel)
Equivalent to 0,01 Euro (see EUR). It is no official abbreviation.
economy, unit
API für Chipkarten-Arbeitsstationen
An industry standard API for accessing chipcard terminals (and a memory card or processor program,
card inserted) which is very common in Germany. Drivers are available for all popular card
smartcard
readers. (www.panstruga.de/ct-api) (see also MUSCLE)
Verschlüsselungstext-Autoschlüssel A cryptographic logic that uses previous cipher text to generate a key stream.
cryptography
umfassendes TeX-Archiv-Netzwerk
general
A network of several FTP-servers that provides the most complete and up-to-date TeXrelated software. (www.ctan.org)
CSR
CSRC
CSS
CSS
Computer Security Resource
Center
Cascading Style Sheets
Content Scrambling System
CSS
Cross-Site Scripting
CSTB
Computer Science and
Telecommunications Board
Computer Security Technical
Vulnerability Reporting Program
CSTVRP
CSV
Client Smtp Validation
CSV
Comma Separated Value
Ct
CT-API
Cent (Latin: centum)
C(hipc)ard Terminal API
CTAK
CTAN
Cipher Text Auto-Key
Comprehensive Tex Archive
Network
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
A service operated by NIST that establishes a catalog for computer security objects to
provide object definitions identified by unique names. It enables the unique specification of
security parameters and algorithms to be used in secure data exchanges.
It serves as a TTP to help ensure trust and security in support of electronic transactions by
issuing digital certificates for the use of electronic signatures. Official: An entity or a legal or
natural person who issues certificates or provides other services related to electronic
signatures. (see CA, PKA, TC, ZDA)
Context
security
A company that offers communication (voice and / or data) services, e.g. a ISP or telco.
Security-related information (e.g. keys, passwords) appearing in plaintext or otherwise
unprotected form and whose disclosure or modification can compromise the security of a
cryptographic module or the security of the information protected by the module.
An independent software module that provides your network or system with authentication,
encoding, and encryption capabilities.
In the US "the information technology industry's leading advocacy organization comprised
exclusively of CEOs". (www.cspp.org)
A center at the George Washington University "to promote the analysis of policy problems
that have a significant computer systems component." (www.cpi.seas.gwu.edu)
see CertReq
telecom
security
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
cryptography
cryptography
organization
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Acronym
CTI
Long Term Equivalent
Computer Telephony Integration
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Computer-Telefonie-Integration
CTL
Complex Text Layout
komplexe Textgestaltung
CTO
CTOSE
Chief Technical Officer
technischer Geschäftsführer
Cyber Tools for On-line Search for Cyber-Werkzeuge für die OnlineEvidence
Suche nach Beweismitteln
CTP
CTP
CTRL
Community Technology Preview
Cordless Telephony Profile
Control
CTS
CTSS
bereit zum Senden
kompatibles ZeitanteilzuteilungsSystem
man sieht sich oder bis dann
Kuba
man sieht sich später
CUB
CUE
Clear To Send
Compatible Time-Sharing System
or Services
C (onomatopoeic for see) yoU
Cuba
C (onomatopoeic for see) yoU
Around
Cuba
Consistent User Experience
CUG
Closed User Group
geschlossene Benutzergruppe
CUL
C (onomatopoeic for see) yoU
Later
C (onomatopoeic for see) yoU
LateR
Common Unix Printing System
man sieht sich später / bis gleich
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
telecom
A similar user experience (e.g. of Web shopping) among MeT compliant phones (PTD) of
different make and type. It also includes consistency of user experience when using the same
core function (e.g. user authorization) in different usage scenarios.
general
A well-defined group of users where it is exactly known who belongs to it. Also an access
control concept used in X.25, frame relay, and ATM networks to establish a noncryptographic VPN. It is limited to a single network, technology and administration.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
man sieht sich später / bis gleich
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Allgemeines UNIX-Drucksystem
It "is a cross-platform printing solution for all UNIX environments. It is based on the IPP and
provides complete printing services to most PostScript and raster printers." (www.cups.org)
A navigation and search system developed by Curiavant for Web sites of cities that offer egovernment services. It helps citizens to find the appropriate service.
A VPS (to be) developed by Curiavant.
An electronic online information system for aldermen developed by Curiavant.
Unix
CU
cu
CUA
CUL8R
CUPS
Steuerung
Kuba
konsistente Benutzererfahrung
CuriaKOMP CURIAvant KOMPASS
ASS
CuriaPOST CURIAvant (virtuelle) POSTstelle
CuriaRAT CURIAvant
(Stadt)RATsinformationssystem
CuriaSIGN CURIAvant SIGNatur
Curiavant compass
CuriaSTAR CURIAvant START
T
Curiavant Start
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Curiavant (virtual) post office
Curiavant alderman information
system
Curiavant signature
Meaning
Context
telecom
Enabling computers to know about and control telephony functions such as making and
receiving voice, fax, and data calls, telephone directory services, and caller identification.
Unix
It integrates the display and editing of complex text languages (e.g. Hebrew, Arabic, Thai,
Korean) into the CDE/Motif environment, based on an implementation of the X/Open Portable
Layout Services specification. It will provide support for composed, context sensitive and
intermixed bi-directional characters.
The executive who is responsible for the technical direction of an organization.
enterprise
A framework of best practices "developed with the support of the European Commission
government,
which is comprehensive across the whole chain of evidence handling, flexible across different security
types of organisations, as well as portable across countries." (www.ctose.org)
MS
telecom
One (or a pair) of modifier keys found on all keyboards. If the control key is held down while PC
pressing and releasing certain other keys then a "control character" is generated.
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 5 if 25 pins or on pin 8 if only 9 pins)
V.24
Unix
One of the earliest (1963) experiments in the design of interactive time-sharing OSs. It was
ancestral to Multics, UNIX, and IST and was developed at the MIT Computation Center.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A software developed in Java by Vionti on behalf of Curiavant that provides functions for
signing documents or proofing signatures in e-government applications.
A software developed in Java by Curiavant to transact several simple business processes
(EGP) in e-government that normally do not need electronic signatures.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Curiavant
Curiavant
Curiavant,
government
Curiavant
Curiavant
Seite 39 von 207
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Acronym
Long Term Equivalent
CuriaTOWN CURIAvant TOWN
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Curiavant Stadt
Curiavant
(mixture of Latin for senate meeting
house and Italian for ahead)
CURIa AVANT(i)
CuriaWORL CURIAvant (100)WORLD
D
CUT
C (onomatopoeic for see) yoU
Tomorrow
CUT
Control Unit Terminal
[Eigenname / proper name]
(tschüs) bis morgen
Meaning
Curiavant's "prefabricated online townhall" is a Java software solution for cities which want to
offer e-government services in an easy way. (www.fertig-rathaus.de)
Curiavant Internet GmbH, located in N, develops online applications that help to change the
local government to a 'virtual town hall'. Owned by the cities of N, FÜ, ER, SC, and (earlier)
BT it was publicly sponsored as a part of the [email protected] project. (www.curiavant.de)
A software developed in Java by 100world on behalf of Curiavant that provides several basic
services (signature, archive, user service etc.) for e-government applications.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Kontrolleinheit-Arbeitsstation
A mode that allows a 3270 terminal to have a single session with the mainframe. Micro to
mainframe software emulates this mode to communicate with the mainframe.
Kap Verde
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Karte nachprüfbar (Zertifikat)
A CV certificate is a list of simple data elements encrypted with the private key of the CA. The
data elements contain information about the CA, the algorithm, the hash value and the public
key. It is mainly used for authentification between smart card and card terminal.
Lebenslauf
A summary of your academic and work history.
Kartengültigkeitscode
MasterCard's three(or four)-digit security code that is printed on the back of their credit cards
in reverse italic at the top of the signature panel at the end. It helps to validate that a genuine
card is being used during a transaction. (see also CVV2)
Allgemeine Verwundbarkeiten und
"A list or dictionary that provides common names for publicly known information security
Gefahrenpotentiale
vulnerabilities and exposures." (cve.mitre.org)
Kartenbesitzer-Überprüfungsmethode The signature, password, PIN or biometric used to check the identity of the cardholder,
particularly for bank cards.
(auf den) Inhalt gerichtetes Protokoll A protocol specification developed by CheckPoint for integration with anti-virus servers. The
CVP API defines an asynchronous interface to server applications that perform file content
validation. It enables different firewall systems to share a common content validation server.
Parallelversionssystem
A version control system for UNIX that was initially developed as a series of shell scripts in
the mid 1980s. CVS maintains the changes between one source code version and another
and stores all the changes in one file. (www.cvshome.org)
cv
CV
Cap Verde
Card Verifiable (certificate)
CV
CVC2
Curriculum Vitae(Latin)
Card Validation Code
CVE
CVM
Common Vulnerabilities and
Exposures
Cardholder Verification Method
CVP
Content Vectoring Protocol
CVS
Concurrent Version(s) System
CVSS
CVV2
CWA
Common Vulnerability Scoring
System
Card Verification Value
Cen Workshop Agreement
CWYL
cx
CXR
cy
CYA
cygwin
Chat With You Later
Christmas Island
Christmas Island
Cyprus
C (onomatopoeic for see) YA
(GNU +) CYGnus + WINdows
Kartenüberprüfungswert
Vereinbarung eines CENArbeitstreffens
wir schwätzen später weiter
Weihnachtsinseln
Weihnachtsinseln
Zypern
man sieht sich
[Eigenname / proper name]
CYM
Cayman Islands
Kaiman-Inseln
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
Context
Curiavant,
government
company,
Curiavant
Curiavant
slang
IBM
country, TLD
cryptography
general
smartcard
security
smartcard
security
program, Unix
security
Visa's version of CVC2.
A consensus-based specification, drawn up in an open workshop environment of the CEN.
smartcard
standard
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An UNIX environment for Windows consisting of two parts: A DLL which acts as a UNIX
emulation layer providing substantial UNIX API functionality and a collection of tools, ported
from UNIX, which provide UNIX/Linux look and feel. (www.cygwin.com)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
slang
country, TLD
country
country, TLD
slang
program, Unix
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
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Acronym
CYO
Glossar - Abkü
CYP
cz
Long Term Equivalent
C (onomatopoeic for see) You
Online
Cyprus
Czech Republic
CZE
Czech Republic
D
d-NRW
D/L
D21
DA
DAA
Germany
Digitales NordRhein-Westfalen
DownLoad
([email protected]) Deutschland 21.
Jahrhundert
Destination Address
Designated Approving Authority
DAA
Digest Access Authentication
Übersichtszugriff-Authentifizierung
DAB
DAC
Digital Audio Broadcasting
Data Authentication Code
Digital-Radio
Datenbeglaubigungscode
DAC
DAC
Digital-Analog-Converter
Discretionary Access Control
Digital-Analog-Wandler
frei verfügbare Zugriffskontrolle
DACH
DAEMON
Deutschland - Austria Confoederatio Helvetica
Disk And Execution MONitor
Germany - Österreich - Schweiz /
Switzerland
Scheiben- und AusführungsÜberwachung
DAFS
Direct Access File System
Direktzugriff-Dateisystem
DANTE
DAO
Deutschsprachige
ANwendervereinigung TEx e.V.
Data Access Object(s)
registered association of German
speaking users of TeX
Objekt(e) für den Datenzugriff
DAO
DAP
DAPS
Disk-At-Once
Directory Access Protocol
Digital Asset Protection Solution
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
(Literal) Translation {to German}
wir sehen uns online
Meaning
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Context
slang
Zypern
Tschechische Republik oder
Tschechien
Tschechische Republik oder
Tschechien
Deutschland
digital North Rhine-Westphalia
herunterladen
Germany 21st century
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country
country, TLD
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
The UN vehicle code for this country.
The e-government platform of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia. (www.d-nrw.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
"A German economic initiative with the objective of accelerating the transformation of
Germany from an industrial society to an information society." (www.initiatived21.de)
In einem Datennetz die Kennzeichnung des gerufenen Anschlusses im abgehenden Ruf.
An official with the authority to formally assume responsibility for operating an IT product, an
AIS, or network at an acceptable level of risk.
A week authentication scheme for the HTTP protocol which verifies that both parties to a
communication know a shared secret (a password), but avoids its transmission in the clear. [
RFC 2069]
The broadcasting of radio programs in digital format.
A cryptographic checksum, based on DES; also known as a Message Authentication Code
(MAC) in ANSI standards. [FIPS 113]
A device that converts digital pulses into analog signals.
A means of restricting access to objects based on the identity of subjects and/or groups to
which they belong. Controls are discretionary in the sense that a subject with an access
permission is capable of passing that permission on to another subject.
The German speaking countries in Europe (Germany, Austria and Switzerland).
country
government
slang
organization
A UNIX program that runs in the background ready to perform a specified operation at
predefined times or in response to certain events. It is usually an unattended process that is
initiated at startup (e.g. a print spooler like LPD).
A shared-file access protocol designed to take advantage of SANs using the VI architecture
with remote DMA interconnect technologies. (www.dafscollaborative.org)
An association that aims to encourage advice and cooperation among German language TeX
users. (www.dante.de)
Objects that work with Microsoft's Jet database engine and that are generally created with
Visual Basic. Once created, a DAO object can be accessed and manipulated by any
application that can use the Jet engine. Also an API for data access from MS.
Internet, Unix
Zieladresse
ernannte Freigabeautorität
Verzeichnis-Zugang-Protokoll
Schutzlösung für digitale
Vermögenswerte
A protocol used to gain access to an X.500 directory listing.
A combined offering of Novell software and HP servers, storage, and services for a crossplatform, server based solution that protects critical digital assets on client computers by
automated replication and synchronization to the server.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
net
security
Internet, security
telecom
cryptography
general
security
country
net
organization
database, MS,
program
PC
database
HP, Internet,
memory, Novell
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Acronym
DARPA
Long Term Equivalent
Defense Advanced Research
Projects Agency
DARWINE
DARwin WINE
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Agentur für fortschrittliche
Forschungsprojekte des (US-)
Verteidigungsministeriums
WINE (auf Basis von) DARWIN
DAS
Direct Attached Storage
direkt angebundener Speicher
DASD
Direct Access Storage Device
Direktzugriffsspeichergerät
DASS
DAT
Distributed Authentication Security verteilter AuthenisierungsService
Sicherheitsdienst
Digital Audio Tape
digitales Tonband
DATEV
DATEnVerarbeitung
data processing
DAU
DAV
Dazuko
Dümmster Anzunehmender User
Distributed Authoring and
Versioning
DAteiZUgriffsKOntrolle
the most silly expected user
verteilte Autorisierung und
Versionierung
file access control
DB
DataBase
Datenbank
DB2
DBA
DBCS
DataBase 2
DataBase Administrator
Double Byte Character Set
[Eigenname / proper name]
Datenbankadministrator
Doppelbyte-Zeichensatz
DBMS
Data Base Management System
Datenbankmanagementsystem
DC
DC
DC1
DC2
DC3
DC4
DCC
DCE
Direct Current
Domain Controller
Device Control 1
Device Control 2
Device Control 3
Device Control 4
Desktop Control Center
Data Communications or Circuitterminating Equipment
Distributed Computing
Environment
Gleichstrom
Herrschaftsbereich-Überwacher
Gerätesteuerung 1
Gerätesteuerung 2
Gerätesteuerung 3
Gerätesteuerung 4
Distributed COM
Verteiltes COM
DCE
DCOM
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Datenübertragungseinrichtung oder
Datenanschalteinrichtung
Umgebung für verteiltes Rechnen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
Meaning
The name given to the US Advanced Research Projects Agency during the 1980s. It was
later renamed back to ARPA. Today it is the central research and development organization
for the US DoD. (www.darpa.mil)
This "project intends to port and develop WINE as well as other supporting tools that will
allow Darwin and Mac OS X users to run Windows applications." (darwine.opendarwin.org)
A storage device that connects directly to a single server. In order for clients on the network
to use the storage device they must have access to the server it is connected to.
In IBM mainframe terminology a peripheral device that is directly addressable, such as a disk
drive (in contrast with a tape drive which is a sequential access device).
An experimental Internet protocol that uses cryptographic mechanisms to provide strong,
mutual authentication services in a distributed environment. [RFC 1507]
A magnetic tape technology used for backing up data. DAT uses 4mm cartridges that look
like thick audio cassettes and conform to the DDS standard.
A German cooperative society providing data processing, service and software for tax
consultants, accountants, auditors, lawyers and their clients. (www.datev.de)
An unexperienced user without any computer knowledge asking silly questions.
see WebDAV
Context
government,
Internet,
organization
OS, PC, Unix
A cross-platform device driver that allows applications to control file access on a system. (
www.dazuko.org)
One or more large structured sets of persistent data, usually associated with software to
update and query the data. It is one component of a DBMS.
A relational DBMS from IBM that was originally developed for its mainframes.
The person who is in charge of implementing, running and maintaining a database.
A character set (like Unicode or UCS2) that uses two bytes for each character rather than
one. It can handle 65,536 characters (compare to ASCII: 128 resp. 256 characters).
Software that controls the organization, storage, retrieval, security and integrity of data in a
database. It accepts requests from the application and instructs the OS to transfer the
appropriate data.
An electrical current that travels in one direction, as it is used within the computer's ICs.
see PDC and BDC
A control code in the ASCII code:
A control code in the ASCII code:
A control code in the ASCII code:
A control code in the ASCII code:
security
A device that establishes, maintains and terminates a session on a network. It may also
convert signals for transmission. It is typically the modem. Contrast with DTE.
OSF's specification for the core services (sometimes called middleware) needed for crossplatform (that is, computers with different hardware and OSs) distributed computing (which is
more trendily called a client/server environment).
Formerly called Network OLE, it is Microsoft's technology for distributed objects. DCOM is
based on COM, which defines the object interfaces. It uses RPCs.
net
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
memory
IBM, memory
security
memory
company
slang
Internet
database
database, IBM
database
ASCII
database,
security
general
MS
ASCII
ASCII
ASCII
ASCII
net, Sun
MS, net,
program
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Acronym
DCOP
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Desktop COmmunications Protocol SchreibtischoberflächeKommunikationsprotokoll
DCP
Device Control Protocol
Einheitenkontrollprotokoll
DCS
DCS
Device Command Set
Dynamic Channel Selection
Menge der Geräte-Steuerbefehle
dynamische (Frequenz-)Kanalwahl
DD
Data(base) Dictionary
Daten(bank)-Wörterbuch
DD
Double Density
doppelte (Speicher-)Dichte
DDA
DDC
Dynamic Data Authentication
Display Data Channel
dynamische Datenbestätigung
Bildschirm-Datenkanal
DDE
DDK
Dynamic Data Exchange
Device Driver Kit
dynamischer Datenaustausch
Gerätetreiber-Baukasten
DDNS
DDoS
Dynamic DNS
Distributed DoS (attack)
dynamische DNS
verteilter DoS(-Angriff)
DDP
DDP
Datagram Delivery Protocol
Distributed Data Processing
Datenpaket-Zustellungsprotokoll
verteilte Datenverarbeitung
DDR
DDR DRAM
DDR
SDRAM
DDR2
Double Data Rate
Double Data Rate DRAM
Double Data Rate SDRAM
doppelte Datenrate
DRAM mit doppelter Datenrate
SDRAM mit doppelter Datenrate
DDR 2nd
DDR266
DDR3
DDR 266 (MHz)
DDR 3rd
DDR333
DDR400
DDS
DDR 333 (MHz)
DDR 400 (MHz)
Digital Data Storage
2. (Generation oder Ausgabe von)
DDR
DDR 266 (MHz)
3. (Generation oder Ausgabe von)
DDR
DDR 333 (MHz)
DDR 400 (MHz)
digitaler Datenspeicher
DDWG
Digital Display Working Group
Arbeitsgruppe für digitales Anzeigen
de
Germany
Deutschland
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
Meaning
Context
program
A simple IPC/RPC mechanism built on top of the ICE protocol operating over sockets. It
depends on Qt but does not require any other libraries. It was developed by the KDE team to
simplify applications' communication between each other.
It is used for communication between a device and a device controller within an ATM network telecom
element with a minimum of needed functionality in the device itself. [AF-PHY-0138.000]
The set of all commands to control a device.
An algorithm for switching the physical channel while maintaining the communication link that
allows to use the channel with the best quality and to avoid interference. It is mandatory in
Europe and one feature of DECT.
In a database management program, an on-screen listing of all the database files, indices,
views, and other files relevant to a database application.
Twice the capacity of the prior format. Specifically the designation for older diskettes, typically
the 5 1/4 inch 360 KB and 3 1/2 inch 720 KB floppies.
Authentication of a smart card using a challenge and response mechanism.
A VESA standard for communication between a monitor and a video adapter. Using DDC, a
monitor can inform the video card about its characteristics.
Precursor of OLE in Windows 3.0
A set of programs and related files that are used to develop a new software or hardware
driver or to update an existing legacy application driver for an OS.
see dynDNS
A DoS that is launched by several distributed computers that are under control of one system.
general
telecom
This is one of the Appletalk protocols and has similar function to IP.
Data processing in which some or all of the processing, storage, input/output, and control
functions are dispersed among data processing stations.
see DDR SDRAM
see DDR SDRAM
A memory type that doubles the data rate of SDRAMs to 2.2 GBps.
Apple, net
general
An advancement to the DDR SDRAM specification (defined by JEDEC) that enables DDR2
memory modules to operate at data rates of 400 MHz, 533 MHz, 667 MHz, and above.
see PC2100
memory
see PC2700
see PC3200
The industry standard for DAT formats. The latest format, DDS-3, specifies tapes that can
hold 24 GB and support data transfer rates of 2 MBps.
An open industry group with the objective to address the requirements for a digital
connectivity specification for high-performance PCs and digital displays. (www.ddwg.org)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
memory
memory
memory
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
database
memory
smartcard
graphic
MS
program
Internet
net, security
memory
memory
memory
memory
memory
graphic, PC,
organization
country, TLD
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Acronym
DE-CIX
Long Term Equivalent
DEutsche Commercial Internet
Exchange
(Literal) Translation {to German}
German kommerzieller InternetAustausch
DEA
Data Encryption Algorithm
Datenverschlüsselungsalgorithmus
Debian
DEC
DEBra and IAN murdock
Digital Equipment Corporation
DECnet
DEC Network
DeCSS
DECT
DEcrypting CSS
Digital Enhanced Cordless
Telecommunications
DEGT
DEN
DEN
Don't Even Go There
Denmark
Directory Enabled Networks
DENIC
DEutsches NIC (Network
Information Center)
DEP
DER
Data Execution Prevention
Distinguished Encoding Rules
DES
Data Encryption Standard
DES3
Data Encryption Standard 3
DeTeWe
DEU
DEÜV
DF
DFN
DEutsche TElephonWErke
Germany
DatenErfassungs- und
-ÜbermittlungsVerordnung
Dedicated File
Deutsches ForschungsNetz
DFS
Distributed File System
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
Meaning
A historic and a contemporary place for ISPs to interconnect and exchange traffic with each
other at a national or international level. It connects all major German ISPs, many
international ISPs and organizations, and is operated by a neutral operator (see eco).
An ANSI standard defined in ANSI X3.92-1981. It is identical to the DES.
Context
Internet,
organization
cryptography,
IBM
[Eigenname / proper name]
OS, Unix
It is a free OS based on GNU/Linux and > 10000 application packages. (www.debian.org)
[Eigenname / proper name]
1998 acquired by Compaq, it was one of the leading producers of hardware (and software). ( company, DEC
www.dec.com > www.openvms.compaq.com)
DEC-Netzwerk
net
Digital's communications network, which supports Ethernet-style LANs and baseband and
broadband WANs over private and public lines. It interconnects PDPs, VAXs, PCs, Macs and
workstations.
Ent-Inhaltsverschlüsselungssystem
Software that decrypts the CSS encryption system in DVD movies.
cryptography
verbesserte digitale Technik für
A standard developed by the ETSI and widely used in Europe for residential cordless
standard,
schnurlose Telefone
telephones with wireless access to the public switched telephone network. It enables multiple telecom
DECT users to coexist on the same frequency (1.8 and 1.9GHz bands).
(ich) gehe nicht einmal dort hin
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Dänemark
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
verzeichnisbasierte Vernetzung
database
The management of a network from a central depository of information about users,
applications and network resources.
German Network Information Center A German cooperative of ISPs with the following duties: running the primary nameserver for Internet
the TLD .de; centralized and nationwide registration of domains below the TLD .de;
administration of the Internet in cooperation with international bodies; ... (www.denic.de)
Verhütung der Ausführung von Daten
security
Unterscheidende Kodierungsregeln
It gives exactly one way to represent any ASN.1 value as an octet string. It is intended for
cryptography,
applications in which a unique octet string encoding is needed, as is the case when a digital standard
signature is computed on an ASN.1 value. Subset of BER. [X.509 Section 8.7]
Datenverschlüsselungsstandard
A popular symmetric-key encryption method developed in 1975 by IBM (and further by NSA) cryptography,
and standardized by ANSI. (It is identical to DEA). It is a product cipher that operates on 64- IBM, standard
bit blocks of data, using a 56-bit key. [ANSI X.3.92, FIPS 46-3]
Datenverschlüsselungsstandard 3
cryptography
Triple DES increases security of DES by extending the key to nominal 168 bits (effectively
112 bits), but requires multiple passes (see EDE) and takes a lot of time.
German telephone works
company
A German company for telecommunication systems. (www.detewe.de)
Deutschland
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
data collection and transmission
"Verordnung über die Erfassung und Übermittlung von Daten für die Träger der
government,
ordinance
Sozialversicherung" (www.vdak.de/deuev.htm)
law, net
zweckbestimmte Datei
The intermediate level of a smart card's file structure. DFs can hold data, EFs or other DFs.
smartcard
German Research Network
net
"The DFN is the computer-based communication infrastructure for science, research and
education in Germany. It offers a comprehensive range of communication services including
access to the global Internet." (www.dfn.de)
verteiltes Dateisystem
An enhancement to Windows NT and 95/98 that allows files scattered across multiple servers MS, net
to be treated as a single group.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
DFSMS
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Data Facility Storage Management Datenhilfsprogramm für
System
Speicherverwaltungssysteme
DFT
DFÜ
Distributed Function Terminal
DatenFernÜbertragung
DGL
DGP
Distributed Graphics Language
Dissimilar Gateway Protocol
DGRI
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Recht
und Informatik e.V.
DH
DHCP
DHS
DHWG
DIA
DIB
DIB
DICF
DICT
DIFU
dig
DIGANT
DII
Terminal mit verteilten Funktionen
remote data transmission / data
telecommunication
Verteilte Grafiksprache
Protokoll für ungleichartige
Netzverbindungsrechner
German society for law and computer
science (registered association)
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
Meaning
Data management, backup and HSM software for MVS mainframes from IBM. Introduced in
1993, it combined separate routines into one package, which provides all the I/O
management for MVS and now also for OS/390.
A mode that allows a 3270 terminal to have five concurrent sessions with the mainframe.
All about data communication over long distances.
Context
IBM, memory
Graphics language for remote displays developed by SGI that is similar but different to X11.
(a proposed, but expired draft)
graphic, SGI
net
IBM
net, telecom
Eine Gesellschaft mit dem Ziel "der Klärung der mit Informationsverarbeitung verbundenen
law,
Rechtsfragen, der Förderung der Informationstechnik im Rechtswesen und der Schaffung der organization
rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen für die Informationstechnik". (www.dgri.de)
Diffie-Hellman
[Eigenname / proper name]
cryptography
Public key cryptography was invented in 1976 by Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman. [
RFC 2631]
Dynamic Host Configuration
dynamisches Konfigurationsprotokoll Software that automatically assigns (not permanent and therefore dynamic) IP addresses to Internet
Protocol
für den Host
client stations logging onto a TCP/IP network.
Department of Homeland Security Abteilung für Heimatschutz
An US cabinet-level agency with the mission to prevent terrorist attacks within the USA, to
government,
reduce vulnerability to terrorism and to minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do security
occur. (www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland, www.dhs.gov)
Digital Home Working Group
digitale Heimarbeitsgruppe
An interoperability framework based on open industry standards for a wired and wireless
Internet,
interoperable network of PCs, consumer electronics and mobile devices in the home enabling organization
a seamless environment for sharing new digital media. (www.dhwg.org)
Document Interchange
Architektur zum
An IBM SNA format used to exchange documents from dissimilar machines within an LU 6.2 IBM, net, SNA
Architecture
Dokumentenaustausch
session. It acts as an envelope to hold the document and does not set any standards for the
content of the document, such as layout settings or graphics standards.
Geräteunabhängige "Bitmap"
graphic, MS
Device or Display Independent
An internal data structure in Windows for creating graphics that are not tied to a particular
output device. DIBs contain more information than a BMP file so that they can be rendered
Bitmap
into any display or printer device.
Directory Information Base
Verzeichnis-Informationsbasis
The complete set of all information that is held in a directory.
database
Dictionary InterChange Format
Wörterbuch-Austauschformat
general
An interchange format (in development) that will facilitate writing, sharing, and serving of
dictionary database information. (www.dict.org)
DICTionary server protocol
Wörterbuch-Server-Protokoll
Internet
A TCP transaction based query/response protocol that allows a client to access dictionary
definitions from a set of natural language dictionary databases. [RFC 2229]
Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik
German institute of urban affairs
A German research institute founded by the German association of towns and cities with the Curiavant,
aim of identifying long-term prospects for urban development and providing expert advice to organization
municipal authorities to help them solve their problems. (www.difu.de)
Domain Information Groper
Herumtaster nach DomainA flexible UNIX command line tool for interrogating DNS servers to collect informations about Internet, Unix
Informationen
hosts (like network address, mail exchanger, name servers, etc.).
DIGitales ANTragsverfahren
government
digital application or request
A software (in Germany) for the registration of residents by the local authorities, to allow
simplified electronic handling of the application process for passports and identity cards.
procedure
Defense Information Infrastructure Verteidigungsgovernment
The shared or interconnected system of computers, communications, data applications,
Informationsinfrastruktur
security, people, training and other support structures serving the US DoD local, national, and
worldwide information needs.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
DII
DIKU
DIMM
DIN
DINI
Dir
DIR
DirectX
DirX
DirXML
DIS
DISA
DISOSS
DISP
DIT
Divx
DivX
dj
DJI
dk
DL
Long Term Equivalent
Dynamic Invocation Interface
Glossar - Abkü
Meaning
A generic client-side API used to generate network messages that enables CORBA clients to
invoke operations on any registered service without having to first compile the client stubs
that were created for that service by the IDL compiler. (see also SII, DSI, SSI)
Do I Know You?
Kenne ich dich?
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Dual In-line Memory Module
Speicher(steck)-Chip mit zweireihigen Similar to SIMM but with 168 pins, using independent pins on each side of the edge
Kontaktfahnen
connector. DIMM modules can be added one at a time on a Pentium motherboard, whereas
SIMMs are generally used in pairs and in groups of four on older computers.
Deutsches Institut für Normung
German institute for standardization A registered association that is recognized by the German government as the national
standards body. It represents German interests at international level. (www.din.de)
Deutsche Initiative für
German initiative for network
(www.dini.de)
NetzwerkInformation e.V.
information
DIRectory
Verzeichnis
General: A sorted list e.g. of names and addresses. Special: A database of users, hardware
devices and applications in a network. (see DS)
DIRectory
Verzeichnis
A node in a hierarchical file system which contains zero or more other nodes - generally, files
or other directories. It simulates a file folder on disk. Also a DOS command to show the
content of a directory.
direkt X [Markenname]
no acronym![brand name]
A set of multimedia APIs from Microsoft for its Windows OSs that provide low-level access to
the hardware for improved performance without knowing exactly what hardware will be
installed on the PC where the program eventually runs.
Directory X.500
[Eigenname / proper name]
A X.500 based directory server by Siemens. It also provides an LDAP interface.
Directory XML
Verzeichnis XML
The code name for directory interchange software from Novell that integrates NDS with other
directories in Exchange, Lotus Notes, Win2k (AD) and others. It provides agents that monitor
the activity in the directories and uses XML to exchange the updated data.
Draft International Standard
Entwurf einer internationalen Norm
A text that is submitted to ISO for standardization.
Defense Information Systems
Behörde für Verteidigungs"A combat support agency" in the USA responsible for developing and operating
Agency
Informationssysteme
communication and information systems that serve the needs of the DoD. (www.disa.mil)
DIStributed Office Support System verteiltes Bürounterstützungssystem An IBM mainframe centralized document distribution and filing application that runs under
MVS. Its counterpart under VM is PROFS. It allows for e-mail and the exchange of
documents between a variety of IBM office devices, including word processors and PCs
Directory Information Shadowing VerzeichnisdienstinformationX.500 defines the DISP, which provides a fully comprehensive replication model. It ensures
Protocol
Schattenerzeugungsprotokoll
consistency of knowledge and access control between replicated systems.
Directory Information Tree
Verzeichnis-Informations-Baum
A directory tree is a hierarchical arrangement of container objects within a contiguous
namespace. The directory tree is used to represent a logical hierarchy, as well as to visually
display the arrangement of objects within the tree. (see X.500)
DIgital Video eXpress
digitaler Video-Express
An unsuccessful DVD-ROM format promoted by film companies that allowed to play a movie
on a DVD-ROM only during a specific time frame. Each Divx player was connected to a
telephone outlet and communicated with a server to exchange billing information.
[Eigenname / proper name]
following Divx
A trademark of DivXNetworks for a digital video compression format (codec) based on the
MPEG-4 technology. It is used widely to send high-quality video files online and to copy them
on CDs. (www.divxnetworks.com , www.projectmayo.com)
Djibouti
Dschibuti
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Djibouti
Dschibuti
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Denmark
Dänemark
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
DownLoad
herunterladen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
dynamische Aufruf-Schnittstelle
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
net, program
slang
memory, PC
standard
organization
database
OS, PC
MS, PC,
program
database
database
standard
government
IBM
database
database
graphic
compression,
graphic
country, TLD
country
country, TLD
slang
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
DLC
DLC
Long Term Equivalent
Data Link Control (protocol)
Desktop Linux Consortium
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Datenverbindungskontrolle
Kosortium für Schreibtisch-Linux
DLD
DLE
DLL
Deutsche Linux-Distribution
DataLink Escape
Dynamically Linked Library
German Linux distribution
Datenverknüpfungsunterbrechung
dynamisch eingebundene Bibliothek
DLNA
DLR
Digital Living Network Alliance
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und
Raumfahrt
Dependent LU Requester
DLUR
dm
DM/DS
DMA
DMA
DMAT
DMB
DMCA
Dominica
Device Management/Data
Synchronisation
Direct Memory Access
Dominica
Digital Music Access Technology
Digital Multimedia Broadcasting
Digital Millennium Copyright Act
DMI
Desktop Management Interface
DMMK
Deutscher MultiMedia Kongress
dmmv
Deutscher MultiMedia Verband
DMP
Designated Mailers Protocol
DMS
Document Management System
DMTF
Distributed Management Task
Force
DMTP
DMZ
Digital Media Transport Protocol
DeMilitarized Zone
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
German Aerospace Center
abhängige logische Einheit ...
Dominica
direkter Speicherzugriff
Dominica
Technologie für digitalen Musikzugriff
digitaler Multimedia-Rundfunk
Urheberrechtsgesetz zum digitalen
Jahrtausend
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
Meaning
The data link layer protocol (layer 2) that is used in IBM's SNA networking.
A vendor-neutral association of commercial companies and open source organizations
promoting the adaption of Linux on the desktop. (www.desktoplinuxconsortium.com)
Eine Zusammenstellung aus Kernel und Zusatzprogrammen im Linux-Bereich von Delix.
A control code in the ASCII code:
A set of shared functions and procedures used by applications that can be loaded or
onloaded at any time by the applications.
(www.dlna.org)
A German research enterprise for aeronautics and aviation. (www.dlr.de)
Context
IBM, net, SNA
organization,
Unix
OS, Unix
ASCII
MS, program
SNA enhancements that enable traditional host connections, such as host to terminal and
host to printer, to run over an APPN network. It supports LU sessions other than 6.2.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
IBM, net, SNA
Specialized circuitry that transfers data from memory to memory without using the CPU.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A trademark for products that are compliant with SDMI specifications.
memory, PC
country
security
telecom
law
organization
organization
country, TLD
An US law that implements two 1996 WIPO treaties: the WIPO Copyright Treaty and the
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty. It also addresses a number of other significant
copyright-related issues.
Schreibtischverwaltungs-Schnittstelle A specification from the DMTF that establishes a standard framework for managing and
PC
tracking hardware components and software in networked computers independent of platform
and OS. It defines a model for filtering events and describing interfaces.
German multimedia congress
Deutscher Kongress, der "die aktuellen Trends der Internet-Branche und digitalen Wirtschaft" organization
aufzeigt. (www.dmmk.de)
German multimedia organization
organization
Die "Interessenvertretung der deutschen Digital-Economy (Internet-/Multimediabranche)"
wurde Mitte 2004 umbenannt in BVDW. (www.dmmv.de)
Protokoll für (dazu) bestimmte
A proposed standard for identifying host computer systems designated as SMTP clients for Internet, mail
Postversender
an Internet domain or host through DNS. It allows SMTP servers to verify if a connecting
client is allowed to make outgoing SMTP connections on behalf of the client's domain.
Dokumenten-Verwaltungssystem
The capture and management of documents within an organization. The term used to imply general
the management of documents after there were scanned into the computer. Today it means
also document imaging, workflow, text retrieval and multimedia.
verteilte Verwaltungs-Arbeitsgruppe An industry consortium founded in 1992 that is involved with the development, support and
organization,
maintenance of management standards for PCs. Its goal is to reduce the cost and complexity PC, standard
of PC management. (www.dmtf.org)
Transportprotokoll für digitale Medien
Demilitarisierte Zone
Internet, security
The DMZ sits between the Internet and an internal network's line of defense, usually some
combination of firewalls and bastion hosts. It is used to host own Internet services (e.g. Web,
FTP and Mail server) without sacrificing unauthorized access to the private network.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
DN
Long Term Equivalent
Distinguished Name
DNA
Distributed interNet Architecture or verteilte Internet-Architektur oder
Applications
Anwendungen
DNAS
Dynamic Network Authentication
System
dynamisches
Netzwerkauthentifizierungssystem
DND
Drag aNd Drop
ziehen und fallenlassen
DNG
Digital NeGative
digitales Negativ
DNK
DNR
DNS
Denmark
Dänemark
Domain Name Registration
Domänennamen-Registrierung
Domain Name Server or Service or Domänen-Namensdienst
System
DNS - Service Discovery
DNS - Diensteentdeckung
Domain Name Supporting
Domain-NamenOrganization
Unterstützungsorganisation
DNS-SD
DNSO
do
DoC
DOC
Dominican Republic
Department of Commerce
Distributed Object Computing
DoCoMo
DoD
DOI
no acronym! [brand name]
Department of Defense
Domain Of Interpretation
DOM
Document Object Model
DOM
DOMEA
Dominican Republic
DOkumentenManagement und
Elektronische Archivierung
Doppik
DOPPelte buchführung In Konten
oder Kommunen
Denial of Service
DoS
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
eindeutiger Name
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:45
Meaning
Context
cryptography
A fully qualified X.500 object name that unambiguously identifies and positions an object
within the DIT. An X.509 public-key certificate or CRL contains a DN that identifies its issuer.
Microsoft's umbrella term for its enterprise network architecture built into Windows 2000. It
includes components which collectively provide a Web-enabled infrastructure for an
organization.
A proprietary authentication system by Sony for use with their PS2 platform. Through
combination of IDs unique to individual PS2 units and IDs unique to each PS2 disk, it
authenticates user IDs and manages copy protection for digital content on the network.
A common method for manipulating objects (icons or text) under a GUI environment: The
user selects an object and holds the mouse button down while moving the pointer (dragging
the object) to another place, and then releases the button (dropping the object).
A new, publicly available archival format developed by Adobe for the raw files generated by
digital cameras. (see also RAW) (www.adobe.com/products/dng)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The registration of a domain name under a certain TLD for use in the Internet.
A general-purpose distributed, replicated, data query service chiefly used on Internet for
translating host names into Internet (IP-)addresses. [RFC 1034, 1035]
"One of three organizations within ICANN ... that develop and recommend policies
concerning the Internet's technical management within their areas of expertise." It "advises
the ICANN Board on policy issues relating to the DNS". (www.icann.org/dnso)
Dominikanische Republik
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Handelsministerium
A department of the US government covering economic analysis, international trade etc.
Rechnen (mit) verteilten Objekten
Software modules that are designed to work together but reside in multiple computer systems
throughout the organization. A program in one machine sends a message to an object in a
remote machine to perform some processing. The results are sent back.
A NTT subsidiary and Japan's biggest mobile service provider.
anywhere (in Japanese)
Verteidigungsministerium
The US military body responsible for sponsoring many software engineering standards.
(Gültigkeits-/Definitions-)Bereich der A standards document describing the formal semantics of certain otherwise contextAuslegung
dependent components of an IKE exchange. It defines payload formats, exchange types, and
conventions for naming e.g. security policies or cryptographic algorithms and modes.
Objektmodell für Dokumente
The interface for Dynamic HTML, which lets programs and scripts access HTML tags and
modify them.
Dominikanische Republik
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
document management and
Ein Konzept für ein papierarmes Büro, das als Standard in der elektronischen
electronic archiving
Vorgangsbearbeitung der öffentlichen Verwaltung etabliert ist. (www.domea.de ,
www.kbst.bund.de/-,176/DOMEA-Konzept.htm)
double-entry accounting with acounts The commercial book-keeping system with double-entry accounting, that is now introduced in
the public administration to displace fiscal accounting (cameralistics). (www.doppik.de)
Ablehnung des Dienstes
Attacks that do not cause a security violation per se, but harm the availability of a service.
(Dienstverweigerung)
e.g. if an attacker sends lots of forged packets to a host, they may degrade its performance.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Internet, MS
security
general
graphic
country
Internet
Internet
net
Internet,
organization
country, TLD
government
net, program
company
government
net, security
net
country
government
economy,
government
net, security
Seite 48 von 207
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Acronym
DOS
DOSEMU
DP
DPA
dpi
DPKG
DPM
DPMA
DPMI
DPMS
DPOF
DPS
DPS
DQDB
DQMOT
DR-DOS
DRAM
DRDA
DRI
DRM
DRM
Long Term Equivalent
Disk Operating System
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
Context
It can refer to any OS, but it is most often used as a shorthand for MS-DOS, the standard OS MS, OS, PC
for IBM-compatible PCs by Microsoft.
DOS-Nachahmung
OS, PC, Unix
DOS EMUlation or EMUlator
A Linux application that enables the Linux OS to boot any DOS and to run many DOS
programs - including some DPMI applications. (www.dosemu.org)
Draft Proposal
Vorschlagsentwurf
Als Entwurf bezeichnetes Dokument mit dem ein neuer Standard vorgeschlagen wird.
standard
Differential Power Analysis
security
differentielle Analyse der Leistung(- A class of attacks that allows to extract secret keys and compromise the security of smart
saufnahme)
cards and other cryptographic devices by analyzing their power consumption.
Dots Per Inch
Punkte pro Zoll
graphic, unit
A measure of resolution for printers, scanners and (sometimes) displays. Normally at least
three dots are necessary to form a pixel of a color image. (compare ppi)
Debian Paketverwaltungswerkzeug
Unix
Debian PacKaGe manager or
A packaging and installation tool for Internet downloads, included with Debian Linux but
compatible with other distributions.
PacKaGing tool
Dos Protected Mode
geschützter Speicher (unter) DOS
see DPMI
memory, OS
Deutsches Patent- und MarkenAmt German patent and trade mark office Diese zum Justizministerium gehörige Bundesoberbehörde hat den gesetzlichen Auftrag in general
Deutschland gewerbliche Schutzrechte zu erteilen und zu verwalten. (www.dpma.de)
Dos Protected Mode Interface
DOS-Schnittstelle für geschützten
An industry standard API by MS for a DOS program to access extended memory under MS memory, OS,
Speicher
Windows 3.x. This service is provided by the HIMEM.SYS driver on PCs.
PC
Display Power Management Signal Bildschirm-Energieverwaltungssignal A VESA standard for signaling the monitor to switch into energy conservation modes. It
X11
provides for two low energy modes: standby and suspend. Also an extension to X11.
Digital Print Order Format
Format für digitalen Druckauftrag
A file format for digital camera memory cards that stipulates which images are to be printed. It graphic
contains a built-in order on the 'film' for commercial print services. It also enables the images
to be printed immediately on desktop printers that accept memory cards.
Direct Print Standard
Direktabzugstandard
A standard for direct printing of images from digital cameras.
general
Display PostScript
Bildschirm "PostScript"
An extended form of PostScript permitting its interactive use with bitmap displays.
Adobe
Distributed Queued Dual Bus
net
Zweifach-Bus mit verteilten
The protocol used to control access to an IEEE 802.6 QPSX network, used for MANs. This
Warteschlangen
architecture allows for both circuit and packet switching and supports data, voice and video
traffic.
Don't quote Me On This
(aber) zitiere mich nicht damit
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Digital Research DOS
[Eigenname / proper name]
OS, PC
A multitasking DOS-compatible OS originally developed by Digital Research and then
acquired by Novell, Caldera, Lineo and finally DeviceLogics. It is used e.g. in embedded
systems and thin clients. (www.drdos.com , www.drdos.org , www.drdos.net)
Dynamic RAM
dynamischer RAM
memory
The most common type of computer memory. To represent a bit, it usually uses one
transistor and a capacitor that must be recharged or loses its content without power.
database, IBM
Distributed Relational Database
verteilte relationale DatenbankAn IBM architecture for distributing data across multiple heterogeneous platforms. It also
Architecture
architektur
serves as a protocol for access to these databases from IBM and non-IBM platforms. DRDA
uses LU 6.2 as its transport protocol.
Direct Rendering Infrastructure
Infrastruktur zur direkten
A framework for allowing direct access to graphics hardware in a safe and efficient manner. It graphic, Unix
Wiedergabe/Darstellung
includes changes to the X server, to several client libraries, and to the Linux kernel. The first
major use for the DRI is to create fast OpenGL implementations.
Digital Radio Mondiale
digitales Weltradio
telecom
digitale (Urheber-)Rechteverwaltung A system for protecting the copyrights of digital content that is distributed online. It may also law
Digital Rights (bastardized:
include the accounting for paying royalties to the authors of the material.
Restrictions) Management
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Platten-Betriebssystem
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 49 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Acronym
DRM
Long Term Equivalent
Distributed Ressource
Management
(Literal) Translation {to German}
verteiltes Betriebsmittelmanagement
DRNG
DRS
DRY
DS
DeterministicRandom Number
Generator
Data Rate Select
Don't Repeat Yourself
Directory Server or Service
DSA
DSA
Digital Signature Algorithm
Directory System Agent
DSAP
Destination Service Access Point
DSB
DSC
DatenSchutzBeauftragter
Data-Stream Compatibility
DSC
Dect Standard Cipher
DSC
DSGV
Document Structure Conventions
Deutscher Sparkassen- und
GiroVerband
DSI
Dynamic Skeleton Interface
DSiN
DSL
Deutschland Sicher Im Netz
Digital Subscriber Line or Loop
DSML
Directory Services Markup
Language
DSO
Dynamic Shared Objects
DSP
Digital Signal Processor
DSP
Directory System Protocol
DSR
Data Set Ready
deterministischer
Zufallszahlengenerator
Übertragungsgeschwindigkeit wählen An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 23 if 25 pins or missing if only 9 pins)
Wiederhole dich nicht!
A principle of good software design: Don't repeat code, but write it reusable.
Verzeichnisdienst
A network service (e.g. X.500, NDS, ADS) that provides a structured repository of information
on people and resources (e-mail addresses, computers, peripheral devices such as printers)
within an organization, facilitating management and communication.
digitaler Unterschriften-Algorithmus
The asymmetric encryption algorithm used in the DSS for digital signatures. [FIPS 186]
Dienstprogramm für
A DSA is the X.500 term for the server component of a directory service. Each DSA handles
Verzeichnissystem
a portion of the DIT and multiple DSAs cooperate as a system to provide transparent access
to the distributed directory.
Ziel-Verteilerdienst-Zugangspunkt
In SNA and TCP/IP, a logical address that allows a system to route data from a remote
device to the appropriate communications support. Contrast with SSAP.
data privacy officer
The person in an organization who is responsible for guarding the privacy of all its data.
Datenstromverträglichkeit
In 8100, the facility that provides access to System 370 applications that communicate with
3270 Information Display System terminals.
DECT-Standardverschlüsselung
The stream cipher for the protection of the information exchanged over the radio channels of
a DECT phone.
Dokumentenstrukturkonventionen
Adobe-Firmenbezeichnung
German association of savings banks Der von den Sparkassen- und Giroverbänden sowie den Landesbanken getragene Dachand giro centers
verband der Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe vertritt ihre Interessen in bankpolitischen Fragen,
organisiert die Willensbildung und legt die strategische Ausrichtung fest. (www.dsgv.de)
dynamische Gerüst-Schnittstelle
In CORBA a server-side API used to handle receipt of network messages. It is independent
of any IDL, and hence very generic, but more tedious to use than the IDL-described API. (see
also SSI, DII, SII)
Germany secure in the (Inter-)net
(www.sicher-im-netz.de)
digitale Anschlußleitung
A technology that dramatically increases the digital capacity of ordinary telephone lines. It
works by sending digital pulses in the high-frequency area of telephone wires.
Auszeichnungssprache für
"... a markup language for representing directory services in XML. The intention of the
Verzeichnisdienste
working group is to establish it as an open standard ... DSML helps XML-based applications
make better use of directories." (www.dsml.org)
dynamisch geteilte Objekte
An independent source code module which is designed, compiled, and linked in a special
way. It is meant to be loaded into other processes (i. e. into the address space of an
executable program) during runtime. DSOs are to UNIX as DLLs are to Windows.
Digitaler Signalprozessor
An integrated circuit or specialized computer for digital processing of (mostly high frequency)
analog signals (e.g. in mobile phones).
Verzeichnissystem-Protokoll
The protocol that a DSA uses to communicate with other DSAs that provide the directory
service.
Übertragungsgerät bereit
An RS-232 signal sent from the modem to the computer or terminal indicating that it is able to
accept data. (control signal on pin 6 if 25 or 9 pins)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
It enables users and applications to interact as if they are using a very large, single, virtual
distributed computer. It is applicable to all computers in a network because it differentiates
computers based on the resources (memory, disk space, bandwidth etc.) they contain.
see PRNG
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
net
cryptography
V.24
program
database
cryptography
database
net
law
IBM
cryptography
Adobe
organization
net, program
organization
net, telecom
database,
markup
program
processor,
telecom
database
V.24
Seite 50 von 207
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Acronym
DSRC
Glossar - Abkü
DSS
DSSS
Long Term Equivalent
Dedicated Short-Range
Communication
Digital Signature Standard
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
(Literal) Translation {to German}
dedizierte
Kurzstreckenkommunikation
Standard für digitale Unterschriften
Spreizbandtechnik
DST
DST
DTA
DTAG
Daylight Saving Time
DeSTination
DatenTrägerAustausch
Deutsche Telekom AG
Sommerzeit
Ziel
data carrier exchange
[Eigenname / proper name]
DTBS
Data To Be Signed
zu signierende Daten
DTD
Typdefinition für Dokumente
user message and signature
attributes).
Datenendgerät
Data Terminal or Terminating
Equipment
Domain and Type Enforcement
Bereichs- und Typ-Durchsetzung
DeskTop Linux
Schreibtisch-Linux
Descriptive Top-Level Specification beschreibende Spezifikation auf
oberster Ebene
DTE
DTE
DTL
DTLS
DTP
DeskTop Publishing
DTP
Distributed Transaction Processing verteilte Dialogverarbeitung
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
Datenterminal bereit
DTS
dtwm
DUA
Don't Think So
DeskTop Window Manager
Directory User Agent
DuD
Datenschutz Und Datensicherheit
das denke oder glaube (ich) nicht
Schreibtisch-Fenster-Manager
Benutzerdienstprogramm für
Verzeichnisse
data privacy and data security
DV
DV²
DV8
DVB
DatenVerarbeitung
DVDV
onomatopoeic for DeViate
Digital Video Broadcasting
data processing
DVDV
abweichen
digitaler Bildfunk
DVB-C
DVB-Cable
DVD per Kabel
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(computergestütztes) SchreibtischPublizieren
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
A wireless communication technology used for short distances and high data rates, that
works in the microwave range, e.g. for RFID or traffic communication systems.
A NIST / NSA standard using DSA and SHA-1 for authenticating an electronic message.
A transmission technology used in WLANs and CDMA where a data signal at the sending
station is combined with a higher data rate bit sequence, or chipping code (a redundant bit
pattern for each bit that is transmitted), that divides the user data according to a spreading
ratio. It increases the signal's resistance to interference.
The computer or network service at which a connection ends. (see also SRC)
The exchange of data carriers to transfer data. It was used e.g. by banks for funds transfer.
Europe's largest, formerly national telecommunications company in Germany provides
services for Internet, mobile, data systems solutions and network access. (www.dtag.de)
The complete electronic data to be signed (including both user message and signature
attributes).
A file that defines the format codes in a SGML document. In XML it contains or points to
markup declarations that provide a grammar for a class of documents.
A communications device that is the source or destination of signals on a network. It is
typically a terminal or computer. Contrast with DCE.
A fine-grained access control mechanism.
(www.osdl.org/lab_activities/desktop_linux)
A top-level specification written in a natural language, an informal design notation, or a
combination of the two. It completely and accurately describes a trusted computing base as
required for a class B2 and B3 evaluation according to TCSEC.
Using a computer to produce high-quality printed documents or camera-ready output for
commercial printing. It allows to use different typefaces, to specify various margins and
justifications, and to embed illustrations and graphs directly into the text.
An X/Open standard that defines a standard communication architecture through which
multiple application programs may share resources while coordinating their work into
transactions that may execute concurrently. It covers components, protocols and APIs.
An RS-232 signal sent from the computer or terminal to the modem indicating that it is able to
accept data. (control signal on pin 20 if 25 pins or on pin 4 if only 9 pins)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A certain application (X-client), that may manage the windows in an X window system.
The client application of an X.500 defined directory service.
Eine deutsche Zeitschrift für alle rechtlichen und technischen Fragen des Datenschutzes und
der Datensicherheit in Informationsverarbeitung und Kommunikation. (www.dud.de)
see EDV
see DVDV
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A set of international standards that define digital broadcasting of TV, audio and data by
using existing satellite, cable, and terrestrial infrastructures. (www.dvb.org)
A DVB standard for broadcasting digital TV over cables.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
telecom
cryptography
net, telecom
general
net
general
company,
telecom
cryptography
markup
net
security
Unix
security
general
net, program
V.24
slang
X11
database
security
general
government
slang
telecom
telecom
Seite 51 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
DVB-H
DVB-S
DVB-T
DvD
DVD
Glossar - Abkü
DVD
Long Term Equivalent
DVB-Handheld
DVB-Satellite
DVB-Terrestrial or Television
Depp Vom Dienst
Deutsche Vereinigung für
Datenschutz
Digital Versatile (or Video) Disc
(Literal) Translation {to German}
DVB-'in der Hand gehalten'
DVB per Satellit
DVB-terrestrisch oder Fernsehen
fool on duty or in service
German association for data privacy
protection
digitale vielseitige oder Mehrschicht(oder Video-) Platte
DVD-R
DVD-RAM
DVD-Recordable
DVD RAM
(einmal) beschreibbare DVD
DVD für direkten Zugriff
DVD-ROM
DVD-RW
DVD ROM
DVD-Read Write
nur lesbare DVD
DVD (zum) Lesen (und) Schreiben
DVD+R
DVD+Recordable
(einmal) beschreibbare DVD
DVD+RW
DVD+Read Write
DVD (zum) Lesen (und) Schreiben
DVDV
DVI
DVI
DVI
Deutsches
VerwaltungsDiensteVerzeichnis
DeVice Independent
Digital Video Interactive
Digital Visual Interface
German directory or index of
administration services
geräteunabhängig
digitales Video interaktiv
digitale visuelle Schnittstelle
DWDM
DWH
Dense WDM
Data WareHouse
dichtes WDM
Daten-Lagerhaus
DWT
DXF
DY
dynDNS
Discrete Wavelet Transformation
Drawing or Document or Data
eXchange Format or File
Benin
dynamic DNS
DYNIX/ptx
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
dz
DZA
E
Algeria
Algeria
Spain (Spanish: Espana)
Algerien
Algerien
Spanien
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Zeichnungsaustauschformat
Benin
dynamische DNS
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
A DVB standard for handheld devices (e.g. PDAs, mobile phones).
A DVB standard for broadcasting digital TV over satellites.
A DVB standard for broadcasting digital TV over terrestrial antennas.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An independent, non-profit, German association for civil rights which pleads for the protection
of data privacy in Germany and Europe. (www.aktiv.org/DVD)
A family of optical discs that are the same overall dimensions of a CD, but have significantly
higher capacities. DVDs are also double sided, whereas CDs are single sided. Dual-layer
versions have two distinct data layers per side. (www.dvdforum.org)
A write-once optical disk used to master DVD-Video and DVD-ROM discs.
A rewritable DVD disk that provides much greater data storage than CD-RW systems. It is
typically housed in a cartridge and not compatible with devices by other companies.
A read-only DVD disk used for storing data as well as audio and video.
A re-recordable format similar to CD-RW or DVD+RW. The data on a DVD-RW disc can be
erased and recorded over numerous times without damaging the medium.
A recordable DVD format similar to CD-R. It can only record data once and then the data
becomes permanent on the disc. The disc can not be recorded onto a second time.
A re-recordable format similar to CD-RW. The data on a DVD+RW disc can be erased and
recorded over numerous times without damaging the medium. (www.dvdrw.com)
A directory of online services of German administrations that delivers e.g. URIs and
certificates for public key encryption.
A device independent file format used by the TeX typography system.
An earlier compression technique for data, audio and full-motion video from Intel.
A digital interface standard to convert analog signals into digital signals to accommodate both
analog and digital monitors. It specifies a single plug and connector that encompass both the
new digital and legacy VGA interfaces, as well as a digital-only plug connector.
WDM systems, that can support more than 150 wavelengths, each carrying up to 10 Gbps.
A generic term for a system for storing, retrieving and managing large amounts of any type of
data. DWH software often includes compression and hashing techniques for fast searches,
as well as advanced filtering. Also: A DB designed to support decision making in an
organization. It is batch updated and can contain enormous amounts of data.
A two-dimensional graphics file format for graphical information, commonly used by CAD
systems like AutoCAD.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
The ability to automatically update a DNS server when an IP address is automatically
assigned (typically from DHCP) to a network device.
Sequent Computer's (now: IBM) UNIX-based OS that runs on its Symmetry series of x86
SMP servers.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
telecom
telecom
telecom
slang
organization,
security
memory, PC
memory, PC
memory, PC
memory, PC
memory, PC
memory, PC
memory, PC
government
general
compression
graphic,
standard
net
database
compression
graphic
country
Internet
IBM, OS, Unix
country, TLD
country
country
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Acronym
e-... / E-...
Long Term Equivalent
Electronic ...
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
elektronische(r/s) ...
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
A prefix to mark a service that is now offered in an electronic (meaning digital) form. In
German it is usual to start the subsequent English words in this list with a capital letter,
followed by a capital letter after the hyphen, e.g. 'E-Government' instead of 'e-government'.
see EBPP (www.ebilling.org)
Context
general
e-billing
Electronic BILLING
e-book
Electronic BOOK
e-business Electronic BUSINESS
elektronische Rechnungsschreibung
elektronisches Buch
elektronische(r) Geschäfte(/-sverkehr) see e-commerce
e-commerce Electronic COMMERCE
elektronischer Handel
The conducting of business communication and transactions over networks (typically via the economy,
Web) and through computers. E-commerce implies that goods and services can be
enterprise,
purchased online, whereas e-business might be used as more of an umbrella term for a total Internet
presence on the Web, which would include the e-commerce (shopping) component.
e-GIF
E-Government Interoperability
Framework
E-Government Rahmenwerk für
Interoperabilität
e-government
e-learning
Electronic GOVERNMENT
elektronisches Regieren
Electronic LEARNING
elektronisches Lernen
e-mail
e-payment
Electronic MAIL
Electronic PAYMENT
elektronische Post
elektronisches Bezahlen
It sets out the UK Government’s "technical policies and specifications for achieving
interoperability and information systems coherence across the public sector". There is a
strategic decision to adopt XML and XSL as the core standard for data integration.
The introduction of electronic methods (e.g. the use of the Internet) for improving the way
government performs its business. It is the government equivalent of e-commerce.
An umbrella term for providing computer instruction (courseware) online over the public
Internet, private distance learning networks or inhouse via an Intranet. (see CBT, WBT)
The transmission of memos and messages over a network in digital form.
e-procurement
e-waste
e.g.
e.U.
E3
Electronic PROCUREMENT
EAI
Enterprise Application Integration
elektronische Beschaffung oder
Auftragsvergabe
Elektronikschrott
zum Beispiel
autograph signature
Ausstellung für elektronische
Unterhaltung
Unternehmens(weite)
Anwendungs(programm)integration
EAK
EAL
Kenya
Evaluation Assurance Level
Kenia
Evaluierungszusicherungsgrad
EAN
European Article Number(ing)
(system / association)
EAN and UCC
europäische Artikelnummer
EAN.UCC
EAP
EAR
Electronic WASTE
Exempli Gratia (Latin)
eigenhändige Unterschrift
Electronic Entertainment Expo
EAN und UCC
Extensible Authentication Protocol erweiterbares
Authentifizierungsprotokoll
Elektro-Altgeräte-Register
register for old electric (and
electronic) equipment or devices
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
economy
general
economy
government,
standard
government,
Internet
Internet
mail, net
economy,
Internet
The electronic procurement of products and services over the Internet. It is one part of eenterprise,
commerce.
Internet
economy
A common Latin abbreviation in English that means 'for example' or 'for instance'.
general
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
slang
A trade event in the USA with conference and exposition about electronic entertainment. It is general
only for professionals. (www.e3expo.com)
Translating data and commands from the format of one application into the format of another. enterprise
The trend today is to use message brokers, applications servers and other specialized
integration products that provide a common connecting point.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Seven predefined balanced groupings of assurance packages (from "functionally tested" to security
"formally verified design and tested") on a rising scale of assurance defined by the CC.
An organization of (originally European) national member organizations based in Belgium that general
jointly manages the EAN.UCC system with the UCC. (www.ean-int.org)
A system of specifications, standards, and guidelines co-administered by EAN International standard
and the UCC that is designed to improve SCM mainly by providing unique article numbers
and bar codes for trade items.
cryptography
A framework that supports multiple, optional authentication mechanisms for PPP, including
cleartext passwords, challenge-response, and arbitrary dialog sequences. [RFC 2284]
organization
(www.stiftung-ear.de)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 53 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
EAR
Long Term Equivalent
Enterprise ARchive
EAR
Export Administration Regulations Export-Verwaltungsvorschriften oder
~verordnungen
Uganda
Uganda
European Bridge-CA
europäische CA-Brücke
EAU
EB-CA
EBCDIC
EBE
EBIT
EBITDA
EBKAC
eBook
EBPP
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Unternehmen-Archiv
Extended Binary Coded Decimal erweiterter Binärcode zum
Interchange Code
Datenaustausch
EigenBetrieb Entwässerung
Gewinn vor Zinsen und Steuern
Earnings Before Interest and
Taxes
Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Ergebnis vor Zinsen, Steuern und
Depreciation and Amortization
Abschreibungen
Error Between Keyboard And Chair Fehler zwischen Tastatur und Stuhl
(d.h. beim Bediener)
Electronic BOOK
elektronisches Buch
elektronische Rechnungsdarstellung
und -bezahlung
Normungsgremium für E-Business
EBT
Electronic Bill Presentment and
Payment
eBusiness Standardization
Committe
Earnings Before Tax
eBusiness
EBX
ebXML
Electronic BUSINESS
EBook eXchange
Electronic Business using XML
elektronische Geschäfte
eBook-Austausch
XML für elektronische Geschäfte
ec
EC-...
ECAF
Ecuador
Elliptic Curve - ...
European Certification Authority
Forum
Ecuador
... mittels elliptischer Kurven
europäisches Forum für
Zertifizierungsstellen
ECB
Electronic Codebook
elektronisches Codebuch
ECBS
European Committee for Banking
Standards
europäisches Komitee für
Banknormen
eBSC
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Gewinn vor Steuern
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
A package (and file extension) similar to JAR representing a J2EE application that includes
web modules, EJB modules, application client modules, additional JAR files required by the
application and a deployment descriptor.
The rules under which the export of cryptographic software from the US are governed now.
(see also ITAR)
The UN vehicle code for this country.
An European, manufacturer-independent, non-profit initiative to link existing PKIs of individual
organizations together by incorporating previously issued certificates into a Bridge-CA
network. (www.bridge-ca.org)
The binary code for text as well as communications and printer control from IBM. It is an 8-bit
code that stores one alphanumeric character or two decimal digits in a byte.
A measure of corporation's income. It is the corporation's profit for a particular period before
taking interest and tax payments into account.
A measure of corporation's income. It is the corporation's profit for a particular period before
taking interest, tax payments, depreciation and amortization into account.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a PC or by using an
eBook reader. An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer or a
book-sized computer that is used solely as a handheld reading device.
The electronic presentation of statements, bills, invoices and related information sent by a
company to its customers, and corresponding payment for goods or services.
A standardization committee of German companies (mainly in the BME) and research
institutes that developed BMEcat and openTRANS for eBusiness. (www.bmecat.org)
A measure of corporation's income. It is the corporation's profit for a particular period before
taking tax payments into account.
see e-business
The eBook format (and file extension) that is read by the Adobe Acrobat eBook reader.
A modular suite of specifications (by OASIS) that enables enterprises to exchange business
messages, conduct trading relationships, communicate data in common terms and define
and register business processes over the Internet (B2B). (www.ebxml.org)
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
see ECC
"ECAF provides a neutral forum for CAs, users, vendors, consultants and academic
institutions to meet the demands in the market place for secure digital identity and trusted
third party products and services." (www.eema.org/ecaf)
A block cipher mode that consists of simply applying the cipher to blocks of data in sequence.
Advantages: quick; easy to compute parallel. Disadvantages: pattern in the clear text lead to
pattern in the cipher text; smaller blocks must be filled up ('padding').
It was formed by the European credit sector associations to produce technical reports and
standard implementation guidelines aimed at assisting the European banking sector’s
application of relevant standards. (www.ecbs.org)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
program, Sun
cryptography
country
cryptography
IBM, standard
Erlangen
economy
economy
slang
general
economy
enterprise
economy
economy
general
enterprise
country, TLD
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
organization
Seite 54 von 207
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Acronym
ECC
Long Term Equivalent
Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem or
Cryptography
ECC
Error Checking and Correction
ECC
Error-Correcting Code
ECCN
Export Control Classification
Number
ECDL
European Computer Driving
Licence
Electronic CLASSification
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
eco
Electronic COmmerce (forum)
eCommerce Electronic COMMERCE
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
Kryptosystem mit elliptischen Kurven A public-key (i.e. asymmetric) cryptographic system based on mathematics of groups that are cryptography
defined by the points on an elliptic curve. It can be used to define both an algorithm for key
agreement (analog of DH) and an algorithm for digital signature (analog of DSA).
Fehlerprüfung und -korrektur
A collection of methods to detect errors in transmitted or stored data and to correct them. The error
simplest form of error detection is a single added parity bit or a CRC.
Fehlerkorrektur-Code
A type of memory that includes special circuitry for testing the accuracy of data and correcting memory
the data if necessary.
Exportkontrolle"When exporting commodities out of the US ..., you need to classify the item to determine if cryptography
Klassifizierungsnummer
an export license is required from any US Government agency. If an item is on the
Commerce Control List, you need to know the ECCN ..." (see also BXA)
europäischer Computer-Führerschein A pan-European Union basic qualification program in personal computing skills consisting of general
a seven module tests which lead to the qualification. (www.ecdl.de)
enterprise
elekrtronische Klassifizierung oder
A hierarchical classification system for materials and services which was developed by
leading German companies to be used in eCommerce / eProcurement. (www.eclass.de)
Eingruppierung
general
Vereinigung europäischer
It is an international, Europe-based industry association founded in 1961 and dedicated to the organization,
Computerhersteller
standardization of information and communication systems. (www.ecma.ch)
standard
economy
Modellsprache für elektronischen
It aims to define a common vocabulary for wallet and merchant pages in order to automate
Handel
the tasks related to entering customer and payment information. [RFC 3505]
Unternehmens-CMS
general
ausdrückliche Benachrichtigung bei An addition to IP with two extra bits in the IP header to indicate congestion. It allows routers Internet
Überlastung
to notify clients about network congestion, resulting in fewer dropped packets and increased
network performance. [RFC 2481, 3168]
(Forum) elektronischer Handel
organization
The (registered) "association of the German Internet economy". (www.eco.de)
elektronischer Handel
see e-commerce
economy
ECP
Enhanced Capability Port
Anschluß mit verbesserter Leistung
ECperf
E-Commerce PERFormance
eCS
EComStation
elektronischer Handel
Durchsatzleistung
[Eigenname / proper name]
ECU
ECU
Ecuador
European Currency Unit
Ecuador
europäische Währungseinheit
ECW
Enhanced Compressed Wavelet
erweiterte komprimierte kleine Welle
EDA
Electronic Design Automation
EDA
EDC
Event-Driven Architecture
Error Detection Code
elektronische
Entwurfsautomatisierung
ereignisgetriebene Architektur
Fehlererkennungscode
[email protected],
eClass
ECM
ECMA
ECML
ECMS
ECN
Enterprise Content Management
European Computer
Manufacturers Association
Electronic Commerce Modeling
Language
Enterprise CMS
Explicit Congestion Notification
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
A parallel-port standard for PCs compatible with the Centronics port that supports fast and bi- PC
directional communication between the PC and attached devices (e.g. printers).
A benchmark and implementation for measuring performance and scalability of J2EE servers. program, Sun
(www.theserverside.com/ecperf)
A successor to OS/2. "An Internet enabled platform for business desktop computing ... which OS, PC
can support multiple API sets. eCS is REXX enabled and comes with support for Java,
Windows 3.1, OS/2 and DOS applications." (www.ecomstation.com)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A notional unit of exchange based on the weighted combination of the currencies of nations economy, unit
that belonged to the EC. Replaced by the Euro.
A patented but open standard and royalty-free lossy image compression technology that
compression,
allows to reduce image file sizes from 10:1 up to 50:1 while retaining high quality.
graphic
Software tools for the development of integrated circuits and systems.
chip
A code computed from data (e.g. a checksum) and comprised of redundant bits of
information designed to detect, but not correct, unintentional changes in the data.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
error, security
Seite 55 von 207
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Acronym
EDE
Glossar - Abkü
EDI
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Encryption, Decryption, Encryption Verschlüsselung, Entschlüsselung,
Verschlüsselung
Enhanced Data-rates for Gsm
erhöhte Datenraten zur GSMEvolution
Weiterentwicklung
Electronic Data Interchange
elektronischer Datenaustausch
eDienste
Elektronische DIENSTE
electronic services
EDIFACT
EDNS0
Electronic Data Interchange For
Administration, Commerce and
Transport
Extension Mechanisms for DNS
elektronischer Datenaustausch für
Verwaltung, Handel und
Transportwesen
Erweiterungsmechanismen für DNS
EDO RAM
Extended Data Out RAM
EDP
Electronic Data Processing
EDR
Enhanced Data Rate
RAM mit beschleunigter
Datenausgabe
Elektronische DatenVerarbeitung
(EDV)
erhöhte Datenrate
EDRI
European Digital Rights Initiative
Initiative für europäische digitale
Rechte
EDS
edu
EDV
ee
EEMA
elektronische Datensysteme
Ausbildung
Electronic Data Processing (EDP)
Estland
europäischer Verband für elektron.
Post (Das europäische Forum für
elektronische Geschäfte)
elektronisches Zeitalter
EEPROM
EER
Electronic Data Systems
EDUcation
Elektronische DatenVerarbeitung
Estonia
European Electronic Messaging
Association (The European Forum
for Electronic Business)
Electronic (or Eesc) EPOCH or
Proof Of Concept of eesc cHarter
(or and Holistic solution)
Electrically Erasable PROM
Equal Error Rate
EES
Escrowed Encryption Standard
eESC
Electronic-Europe Smart Card
Standard für hinterlegte
Geheimverschlüsselung
eEurope Chipkarte
eESCC
eESC Charter
eESC Charta
EDGE
eEpoch
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
elektrisch löschbarer PROM
gleiche Fehlerrate
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
The encryption method used for 3DES: The plaintext is encrypted once, then decrypted with
the second key, and encrypted again with the third key.
A faster version of the GSM wireless service, that is designed to deliver data at rates up to
384 Kbps and enable the delivery of broadband applications to mobile phone users.
The direct, standardized, electronic communication of business transactions, such as orders,
confirmations and invoices, between organizations.
eDienste (oder Onlinedienste) sind interaktive Angebote einer Verwaltung, die die Bürger
sofort und direkt am Bildschirm mittels Eingabemasken abwickeln können. Im weiteren Sinne
gehören dazu auch ausfüllbare elektronische Formulare, z. B. im PDF-Format.
An ISO standard for EDI that was proposed to supersede both X12 and TRADACOMS as the
worldwide standard. It defines application layer syntax. It is widely used by the UN. [ISO
9735] (www.unece.org/trade/untdid , www.edifactory.de)
An extension for the DNS message format with backward compatible mechanisms to allow
clients to advertise more of their capabilities to servers. [RFC 2671]
A type of dynamic RAM chip that improved the performance of FPM memory. It eliminates
wait states by keeping the output buffer active until the next cycle begins.
The first name used for the computer field, computing in general.
Context
cryptography
An enhancement to Bluetooth 1.2 with three-times faster data rates, lower power
consumption and backwards compatibility.
An international non-profit association founded by privacy and civil rights non-governmental
organizations in the EU whose goals include the defense and promotion of civil rights in the
field of information- and communication technology. (www.edri.org)
A "leading global IT services company." (www.eds.com)
A generic TLD for educational institutions in the USA.
see EDP
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
"The premier European forum for electronic business. Formed in March 1987, it is an
international, non-profit making organisation which provides an independent forum for all
participants in electronic business." (www.eema.org)
It aims to be a proof of concept for eESC. It shall "demonstrate interoperable ... smart card
based digital identification systems, which provide the levels of trust and confidence
necessary for citizens to interact digitally with their ... administrations". (www.eepoch.net)
A memory chip that holds its content without power and can be erased electrically.
If in a biometric security system the FAR and FRR values are equal, the common value is
referred to as the EER. It indicates that the proportion of false acceptances is equal to the
proportion of false rejections. A low EER value indicates a high accuracy of the system.
An US government proposed standard for escrowing private keys. It provides for decryption
of encrypted telecommunications when interception is lawfully authorized.
A part of the eEurope initiative that "aims to accelerate and harmonise the development of
smart cards across Europe and to establish them ... as the preferred ... access key to ...
information society services". (see GIF, OSCIE) (www.eeurope-smartcards.org)
The charter of the eESC. It contains the eESC's objectives.
telecom
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
telecom
net
government
enterprise, net
Internet
memory
general
organization
company
TLD
general
country, TLD
organization
smartcard
memory
security
cryptography
smartcard
smartcard
Seite 56 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
EESSI
Long Term Equivalent
European Electronic Signature
Standardisation Initiative
(Literal) Translation {to German}
europäische Initiative zur Standardisierung elektronischer Signaturen
eEUROPE
Electronic EUROPE
elektronisches Europa
EF
Elementary File
grundlegende Datei
EFF
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Stiftung für Grenzbereiche der
Elektronik
EFI
Extensible Firmware Interface
erweiterbare Firmware-Schnittstelle
EFP
Environmental Failure Protection
Schutz gegen Umgebungsversagen
EFS
Encrypted File System
verschlüsseltes Dateisystem
eg
EG
EGA
Egypt
Evil Grin
Enhanced Graphics Adapter
Ägypten
böses Grinsen
verbesserter Grafikadapter
EGG
Elektronischer GeschäftsverkehrGesetz
E-Government Interoperability
Framework
Elektronische GesundheitsKarte
law on electronic business
connections
E-Government Rahmenwerk für
Interoperabilität
electronic health card
eGovernment
EGP
Electronic GOVERNMENT
elektronisches Regieren
Einfache GeschäftsProzesse
simple business processes
EGP
Exterior Gateway Protocol
externes Tor-Protokoll
EGSK
EGVP
E-Government Starter Kit
Elektronisches Gerichts- und
VerwaltungsPostfach
Egypt
Western Sahara (formerly:
Spanish Sahara)
Startpaket für E-Government
eGIF
eGK
EGY
eh
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ägypten
West-Sahara
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
An initiative bringing together industry, public authorities and experts with "the objective of
analyzing the future needs for standardization activities in support of the European Directive
on electronic signatures ..." (www.ictsb.org/EESSI_home.htm)
An European initiative to stimulate the development of the Internet and the new economy in
Europe and enabling every individual to participate in the information society. (
europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope , www.eeurope-standards.org)
Memory organization for microprocessor cards: The smallest logical entity that can be
secured in the OS. File containing data.
"(It) is a non-profit, non-partisan organization working in the public interest to protect
fundamental civil liberties, including privacy and freedom of expression in the arena of
computers and the Internet." (www.eff.org)
The "specification defines a new model for the interface between OSs and platform firmware.
The interface consists of data tables that contain platform-related information, plus boot and
runtime service calls that are available to the OS and its loader. Together, these provide a
standard environment for booting an OS and running pre-boot applications." (see UEFI)
Context
smartcard
Internet
smartcard
organization
PC, standard
security
The use of features designed to protect against a compromise of the security of a
cryptographic module due to environmental conditions or fluctuations outside of the module's
normal operating range.
A service to protect the privacy of user data that was introduced with Windows 2000. Users or cryptography,
administrators can selectively encrypt files and folders on NTFS 5 file systems.
MS
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
An early IBM PC display standard with a resolution of 640 x 350 pixels of 16 colours (out of a graphic, IBM,
palette of 64).
PC, standard
law
A German law on information and communication services that implements central parts of
the European Directive on e-commerce and changes the TDG and TDDSG laws.
see e-GIF
government,
standard
A German project for the use of smart cards in the health sector. It comprises a patient data government,
card and a HPC. The HPC will provide electronic signatures right from the beginning.
smartcard
see e-government
government,
Internet
Curiavant
Alle Teilprojekte innerhalb des [email protected] der Städteregion Nürnberg, die
keine digitale Signatur benötigen.
It is an interdomain reachability protocol used in the Internet. EGP was originally designed to Internet
communicate reachability to and from the ARPANET core routers. [RFC 904]
MS
government
(www.egvp.de)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The (not used) country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
country, TLD
Seite 57 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
EHF
Long Term Equivalent
Extremely High Frequency
(Literal) Translation {to German}
extrem hohe Frequenz
EHLLAPI
EIA
Extended HLLAPI
Electronic(s) Industry(/ies) Alliance
or Association
European Institute for Computer
Anti-virus Research
erweitertes HLLAPI
Verband der Elektronikindustrie
eicar.com
EIDE
EIP
(see EICAR)
Enhanced IDE
Enterprise Information Portal
(siehe EICAR)
verbesserte DIE(-Schnittstelle)
Unternehmens-Informationsportal
EIPP
Electronic Invoice Presentment
elektronische Rechnungsdarstellung
and Payment
und -bezahlung
Effective Isotropic Radiated Power effektiv gleichmäßig abgestrahlte
Leistung
Enterprise Information Services or Unternehmensinformationsdienste
oder -system
System
EICAR
EIRP
EIS
europäisches Institut für ComputerAntiviren-Forschung
EIS
Executive Information System
Informationssystem für
Führungskräfte
EISA
Enterprise It-Security Analysis
IT-Sicherheitsanalyse für
Unternehmen
EISA
Extended ISA
erweiterte ISA
EITO
European Information Technology
Observatory
Enterprise Java Beans
Unternehmens-Java-Bohnen
EJB
EJBCA
Enterprise Java Beans Certificate
Authority
Electronic Key Management
System
elektronisches
Schlüsselverwaltungssystem
ELC
Embedded Linux Consortium
Konsortium für eingebettetes Linux
ELDORA
ELektronische DOkumentenbearbeitung mit Recherche und
Aktenverwaltung
EKMS
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
Context
A range of the RF spectrum (also: microwave spectrum) with frequencies from 30 GHz to 300 telecom
GHz, corresponding to wavelengths in the free space between 10 mm and 1 mm.
An extended version of the HLLAPI.
IBM, program
A national trade and standards organization that includes the full spectrum of US
organization,
manufacturers, representing more than 80% of the electronics industry. (www.eia.org)
standard
An European association of universities, industry and media plus experts from government as organization,
well as privacy protection organizations whose objectives are to unite efforts against writing security
and proliferation of malicious code and against computer crime, fraud and the misuse of
computers or networks, based on a code of conduct. (www.eicar.org)
An anti-virus test file provided by EICAR. (www.eicar.org/anti_virus_test_file.htm)
An extension to the IDE interface that supports the ATA-2 and ATAPI standards.
An internal Web site that provides proprietary, enterprise-wide access to information and
services for company employees as well as to selected public Web sites.
see EBPP (www.ebilling.org)
security
PC
Internet
The product of the power supplied to the antenna and the antenna gain in a given direction
relative to an isotropic antenna represents the total effective transmit power.
The back-end applications that comprise an enterprise's existing system for handling
company-wide information. There occurs the traditional data processing in an organization,
which includes the databases, mainframe and ERP applications.
An information system that consolidates and summarizes ongoing transactions within the
organization. It provides top management with all the information it requires at all times from
internal and external sources.
A project based evaluation service from a German security company that provides a
combination of security consulting and computer aided security analysis for the IT division(s)
of enterprises. (www.eisa-projekt.com)
A (historical) bus standard for IBM compatible PCs that extends the ISA bus architecture to
32 bits and allows more than one CPU to share the bus.
telecom
economy
enterprise
enterprise
security
PC
organization
A component software architecture from Sun that is used to build Java applications that run in net, program,
the server. It uses a "container" layer that provides common functions and delivers a
Sun
consistent interface to the applications. CORBA is the infrastructure for EJBs.
cryptography
(ejbca.sourceforge.net)
A NSA effort to electronically provide COMSEC material and provide a logistics support
system consisting of interoperable department, agency or organization key management
systems.
"A nonprofit, vendor-neutral trade association whose goal is the advancement, promotion and
standardization of Linux throughout the embedded, applied and appliance computing
markets." (www.embedded-linux.org)
Projekt des Freistaats Bayern zur Einführung eines Dokumentenmanagement- und
Vorgangsbearbeitungssystems in der bayerischen Staatsverwaltung auf Basis der eGovSuite der Firma Fabasoft. (www.eldora.bybn.de)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
cryptography
organization,
Unix
government
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Acronym
eLearning
ELENA
Glossar - Abkü
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Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Electronic LEARNING
elektronisches Lernen
ELektronischer
EinkommensNAchweis
erweitertes Verbindungsformat
Executable Linking or Extended
Link Format
ELektronischer- GeschäftsverkehrVereinheitlichungsGesetz
Meaning
see e-learning
Context
Internet
government
Binary format used by System V Release 4 UNIX and also by Linux.
Unix
eLink
ELSTER
Electronic LINK ?
ELektronische STeuerERklärung
EM
EM64T
EMA
EMA
End of Medium
Ende der Aufzeichnung
Extended Memory 64 Technology
E-Mail Address
E-Mail-Adresse
Electronic Messaging Association Vereinigung für elektronischen
Nachrichtenaustausch
see IDA eLink
A project of the German tax administration aiming at secure electronic transmission of tax
declaration data between tax payer / consultant and administration. (www.elster.de)
A control code in the ASCII code: It denotes the end of a punched tape.
EMACS
Editing or Editor MACroS (or
Extensible MACro System)
editieren mit Makros
eMail
EMC
Electronic MAIL
(Dick) Egan - (Roger) Marino - C.
elektronische Post
[Eigenname / proper name]
ELF
ElGVG
EMC
EMC²
EMCITA
EMEA
EMF
EMFBI
EMI
EMM
EMMS
emoticon
EMR
elektronische Verbindung ?
electronic tax declaration
law
ASCII
processor
slang
mail,
organization
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A membership organization devoted to promoting e-mail, voice mail, fax, EDI and other
messaging technologies. In 2001 it was folded into The Open Group and is now called "The
Open Group Messaging Forum". (www.ema.org)
A popular screen editor for Unix distributed by the FSF. Emacs is extensible - it is easy to add application, Unix
new functions; customizable - you can rebind keys, and modify the behavior of existing
functions; self-documenting - there is extensive on-line, context-sensitive help; and has a
real-time WYSIWYG display. (www.gnu.org/software/emacs)
see e-mail
A "world leader in information storage systems, software, networks, and services" (e.g. RAID,
SAN, NAS). (www.emc.com)
ElectroMagnetic Compatibility
elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
Refers to the use of components in electronic systems that do not electrically interfere with
each other.
EMC Corporation
EMC Aktiengesellschaft
see EMC
European Media, Communication Europäische Medien-,
"A non-profit organisation, designed to maintain competitive equality and represent the
and Information Technology
Kommunikations- und
political interests of European businesses operating in the fields of telecommunications,
Association
Informationstechnologie-Vereinigung media and information technology." (www.emcita.com)
Europe, Middle East, Africa
Europa, Mittlerer Osten, Afrika
The area and the countries of Europe, Africa and the Middle East (Turkey, Arabia to Iran).
Enhanced MetaFile
erweiterte Meta-Datei
The 32-bit version of the original WMF format.
Excuse Me For Butting In
Entschuldigung, dass ich unterbreche A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
oder mich einmische
ElectroMagnetic Interference
Elektromagnetische Interferenz
An electrical disturbance in a system due to electromagnetic waves (e.g. from lightning or
electromechanical and electronic devices).
Expanded Memory Manager
Erweiterungsspeicher-Verwalter
A PC memory manager software implementing EMS, such as EMM386 or QEMM386, that
converts extended memory into EMS memory. It can usually provide UMB as well.
Electronic Music Management
elektronisches
Software by IBM which "provides an industry independent foundation for delivery of digital
System
Musikverwaltungssystem
assets that creates new business models, enables flexible DRM and helps protect the assets
through their entire life cycle." (www.ibm.com/software/data/emms)
EMOTion(al) ICON
An ASCII glyph (e.g. smiley) used to indicate an emotional state in electronic mail or news.
Gefühls-Ikone oder -Piktogramm
ElectroMagnetic Radiation
elektromagnetische (Ab-)Strahlung
The emanation of electromagnetic waves, in particular from electronic devices.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
government, net
government
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
mail, net
company
general
company
organization
country
graphic
slang
telecom
memory, PC
IBM
mail
general
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Acronym
EMS
Long Term Equivalent
Enhanced Messaging Service
(Literal) Translation {to German}
verbesserter Nachrichtendienst
EMS
Expanded Memory Specification
Spezifikation für
Erweiterungsspeicher
EMSCB
EMSEC
European Multilaterally Secure
Computing Base
EManations or EMissions SECurity Abstrahlungssicherheit
emTeX
Eberhard Mattes TEX
EMV
ElektroMagnetische Verträglichkeit electromagnetic compatibility
EMV
Europay-Mastercard-Visa
[Eigenname / proper name]
EN
End Node
Endknoten
enac
(europe)
eNetwork & Applications Center for offiziell:Europäisches
government, business and science Anwenderzentrum für Kommune,
Staat und Wirtschaft
Enterprise Network Computing In a [Eigenname / proper name]
New erA
European Network and Information europäische Agentur für NetzwerkSecurity Agency
und Informationssicherheit
ENCINA
ENISA
[Eigenname / proper name]
ENQ
EntireX
ENQuiry
no acronym or abbreviation!
Aufforderung
[Eigenname / proper name]
entwklg
ENUM
Entwicklung
tElephone NUmbering Mapping
development
Telefonnummernzuordnung
EOD
EOF
EOF
EOM
EOT
EPA
End Of Day
EinkommensOrientierte Förderung
End Of File
End Of Message
End Of Transmission
Europäisches PatentAmt
Ende des Tages
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Dateiende
Ende der Nachricht
Übertragungsende
European patent office
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:46
Meaning
A wireless service which is based on SMS in GSM networks. It supports messages that
include pixel pictures and animations, sound effects, ring signals and formatted text.
A memory paging technique for utilizing more than 1 MB of main memory (extended memory)
in DOS-based PCs. Expanded memory is provided by an EMM software through a page
frame of at least 64 KB in the reserved memory address region (UMA).
(www.emscb.de)
Context
telecom
memory, PC
security
Physical constraints to prevent information compromise through signals emanated by an (IT-) security
system, particular the application of TEMPEST technology to block EMR.
Eberhard Mattes's version of the LaTeX document preparation system designed for DOS and application
OS/2.
see EMC
general
The Europay-Mastercard-Visa specifications for chip-based payment cards. Part 1
corresponds with ISO 7816 parts 1-5; the other parts cover the details of a standard
credit/debit application and the requirements for terminals. (www.emvco.com)
{In SNA, nodes are end points or junctions, and data links are the pathways between them.
Nodes are defined as Type 5 (hosts), Type 4 (communications controllers) and Type 2
(peripheral; terminals, PCs and midrange computers).}
An "independent IT information and distribution platform for the public sector in Germany and
Europe. By means of a solutions catalogue, companies and government authorities can
present IT products, services and projects for the E-government". (www.enac.de)
A UNIX-based TP monitor from IBM (formerly Transarc) that is layered over OSF's DCE. (see
also TUXEDO)
A new agency of the EU "to achieve a high level of network and information security within
the Community. It will also seek to develop a culture of network and information security for
the benefit of citizens, ... business and public sector organisations". (www.enisa.eu.int)
A control code in the ASCII code:
The German company SoftwareAG's implementation of DCOM under UNIX and on IBM
mainframes. A middleware as "integration software ... for use in ... e-business solutions".
Organisationseinheit (OU) "Entwicklung" bei Novell Netware 4.11
A DNS-based architecture and protocol [RFC 2916] by which an E.164 number (as defined
by ITU) can be expressed as a FQDN in a specific Internet infrastructure domain defined for
this purpose (e164.arpa). (www.ietf.org/html.charters/enum-charter.html)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Indicates the end of a file. In many OSs (DOS, OS/2) it is CTRL+Z, in UNIX it is CTRL+D.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A control code in the ASCII code: It denotes the end of transmission.
The executive arm of the European Patent Organisation grants European patents for the
contracting states to the European Patent Convention. (www.european-patent-office.org)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
smartcard
IBM, net, SNA
government,
organization
IBM, net,
program
organization,
security
ASCII
net, program
HOB
telecom
slang
government
general
slang
ASCII
organization
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Acronym
EPAL
Long Term Equivalent
Enterprise Privacy Authorization
Language
EPC
Electronic Product Code
EPG
Electronic Program Guide
EPIC
EPL
Electronic Privacy Information
Center
Explicitly Parallel Instruction
Computing
Evaluated Products List
EPO
Entry Point Obscuring
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Sprache zur Datenschutzvollmacht in A formal language to specify fine-grained privacy policies that can be exchanged in a
Unternehmen
structured format between applications or enterprises. It concentrates on the core privacy
authorization while abstracting from deployment details. (www.w3.org/Submission/EPAL)
elektronischer Produktcode
A new product numbering standard that goes way beyond identifying products (like
EAN.UCC) by assigning a unique number to every single item that is manufactured.
elektronischer Programmführer
An online listing of TV or other programs that enables viewers to preview offerings by time or
category and to set reminders.
Informationzentrum für die
"(It) is a public interest research center in Washington, D.C. ... in 1994 to focus public
elektronische Privatsphäre
attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy ..." (www.epic.org)
Rechnen mit ausdrücklich parallelen The parallel architecture (originally developed by HP) used in Intel's IA-64 chips. Its design
Befehlen
philosophy states that the compiler should decide which instructions be executed together.
Liste evaluierter Produkte
A list of information system equipment items that have been evaluated against, and found to
be compliant with, particular set of criteria (e.g. ITSEC, TCSEC, CC).
Verschleierung des Einsprungspunkts
EPP
Enhanced Parallel Port
verbesserte Parallelschnittstelle
EPP
Extensible Provisioning Protocol
erweiterbares Versorgungsprotokoll
EPROM
Erasable PROM
löschbarer PROM
EPS
Encapsulated PostScript
eingekapseltes PostScript
er
ER
Eritrea
Erlangen
Eritrea
[Eigenname / proper name]
eRezept
ERFA
ERI
eRIS
Elektronisches REZEPT
ERFahrungs-Austausch(-Gruppe)
Eritrea
elektronisches (Stadt-)RatsInformationsSystem
electronic prescription
(group for) exchange of experience
Eritrea
electronic (city) council information
system
ERM
Enterprise Relationship
Management
Entity Relationship Model
(Außen-)Beziehungsmanagement
eines Unternehmens
Dateneinheitbeziehungsmodell
EPIC
ERM
ERMS
Context
security
general
general
cryptography
HP, processor
security
security
A parallel port standard for PCs compatible with the Centronics port that supports faster and PC
bi-directional communication between the PC and attached devices.
Internet
An application layer client-server protocol for the provisioning and management of objects
stored in a shared central repository. Specified in XML, it defines generic object management
operations and an extensible framework that maps protocol operations to objects. It meets
and exceeds the requirements for a GRRP. [Internet-Draft]
A programmable and reusable chip that holds its content until erased under UV light. It has a
lifespan of a few hundred write cycles.
An extension of the PostScript file format used to transfer a graphic image between
applications and platforms. EPS files contain PostScript code in ASCII text as well as an
optional preview image in TIFF, WMF, PICT or EPSI format (EPSI is also ASCII).
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Name of a German city in Bavaria that is part of the regional [email protected] project.
memory
A well-defined group of members who exchange their experiences on a certain subject.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
[email protected] mit dem Ziel der elektronisch unterstützten Erfassung, Verteilung,
Bearbeitung und optischen Archivierung von Dokumenten, die bei der Arbeit der Stadträte
anfallen (z.B. Tagesordnungen, Anträge, Beschlüsse, Niederschriften).
An integrated information system that serves the "front office" departments within an
organization (e.g. sales, marketing and customer service) by sharing their information.
A database model that divides a database in two logical parts by describing the attributes of
entities (a file / table concerning e.g. "customers", "products") and the relationships among
them ("buys", "pays for"). ERMs are often created graphically.
enterprise
country
Curiavant
graphic
country, TLD
Curiavant,
Erlangen
enterprise
database
Electronic Records Management
System
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
ERP
Long Term Equivalent
Enterprise Resource Planning
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Hilfsmittelplanung f. Unternehmen
ES
ES
El Salvador
ETSI or European Standard
El Salvador
europäische oder ETSI-Norm
es
ESA
ESA
ESA
Spain (Spanish: Espana)
El Salvador
Enterprise Services Architecture
European Space Agency
Spanien
El Salvador
Unternehmensdienste-Architektur
europäische Weltraumorganisation
ESA/370
[Eigenname / proper name]
ESB
ESC
ESCON
Enterprise System
Architecture/370
Enterprise System
Architecture/390
Enterprise Service Bus
ESCape
Enterprise Systems Connection
ESD
Electronic Software Distribution
elektronische Softwareverteilung
ESD
eServer or
e.server
ESG
ElectroStatic Discharge
no acronym or abbreviation!
elektrostatische Entladung
[Eigenname / proper name]
ESA/390
European Society for
eGovernment e.V.
ESH
Western Sahara (formerly:
Spanish Sahara)
ESI
Electronic Signatures and
Infrastructure(s)
eSignature Electronic SIGNATURE
ESIOP
Environment Specific IOP
ESN
Enterprise Storage Network
ESP
ESP
ESP
ESRB
Encapsulating or Encapsulation
Security Payload
Enhanced Service Provider
Spain (Spanish: Espana)
Entertainment Software Rating
Board
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
[Eigenname / proper name]
Abbruch
Unternehmens-Systemanschluß
europäische Gesellschaft für EGovernment
West-Sahara
elektronische Signaturen und
Infrastruktur(en)
elektronische Signatur
umgebungsspezifisches IOP
Unternehmensspeichernetzwerk
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
Meaning
An integrated information system that serves all departments within an enterprise. It uses
database technology and a single interface to control all the information related to a
company’s business, including customer, product, employee, and financial data. (R/2)
The UN vehicle code for this country.
An ETSI deliverable, containing normative provisions, approved for publication by application
of the membership approval procedure.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Context
enterprise
An European inter-governmental organization with the mission to provide and promote the
exploitation of space science, research, technology, and applications. (www.esa.int)
IBM enhancements that increase the performance of high-end 4381 and 3090 mainframes.
Introduced in 1988. This architecture is built into System/390 ES/9000 computers.
Extensions to ESA/370 for the System/390 series. It includes MVS/ESA, VM/ESA and
VSE/ESA operating systems.
organization
country
standard
country, TLD
country
IBM
IBM, OS
A control code in the ASCII code: It commences codes with several characters.
ASCII
An IBM S/390 fiber-optic channel with a serial interface for peripheral devices. It transfers 17 IBM, net
Mbytes/sec over distances up to 60 km depending on connection type.
Distributing new software via the network rather than individual installations on each machine. net
or A system for selling software over a network. It provides secure communications that
customers use to download and pay for software.
Sparks that jump from an electrically-charged object to an approaching conductive object.
general
IBM's brand name for its computer product lines (iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries). (The 'e' IBM
in eServer is a stylized e-in-a-circle logo like IBM's rendering of 'eBusiness'.)
(www.egov-europe.de)
government,
organization
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
A working group / technical committee within ETSI that is responsible for electronic signatures cryptography,
and infrastructures standardization. (portal.etsi.org/esi/el-sign.asp)
standard
The implementation of GIOP for a non-TCP/IP environment, e.g., DCE.
A specialized, open network that is designed to offer universal data access for every major
computing platform, OS, and application. By EMC Inc. ?
Sicherheits-Kapselung von Nutzdaten An upper level IP header that denotes that the contents of the payload are encrypted and
possibly also otherwise protected. (see IPsec) [RFC 2406]
Anbieter erweiterter Dienste
An organization that adds value to basic telephone service by offering such features as callforwarding, call-detailing and protocol conversion.
Spanien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
net, program
net
cryptography,
net
telecom
country
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Acronym
ESS
Glossar - Abkü
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Long Term Equivalent
Embedded Security Subsystem
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
security
eingebettetes SicherheitsUntersystem
ESS
unternehmensweites Speichersystem A family of RAID-based storage devices for mainframes, UNIX and NT networks from IBM.
Enterprise Storage System or
IBM, memory,
ESS units are built with a high degree of fault tolerance and connect via high speed interfaces Unix
Server
(Fibre Channel, SCSI, ESCON, FICON).
EST
Estonia
Estland
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
ET
Egypt
Ägypten
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
et
Ethiopia
Äthiopien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
ETB
End of Transmission Block
Ende des Übertragungsblocks
A control code in the ASCII code: It denotes the end of a transmission block.
ASCII
ETCF
European Thin Client Forum
organization
europäisches Forum für schlanke
“A non profit-making organisation that is pursuing the goals of actively supporting and
Client-Rechner
promoting the performance spectrum and economical benefits of Thin Client technologies
and the interests and goals of the Thin Client community.” (www.etcf.de)
ETH
Ethiopia
Äthiopien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
ETL
Endorsed Tools List
Liste bestätigter Werkzeuge
The list of formal verification tools endorsed by the US NCSC for the development of systems security
with high levels of trust.
ETRE
European Technology Round table europäische Technologieschau mit
An annual business strategy conference of IT CEOs from technology companies across the organization
Exhibition
Gesprächen am runden Tisch
globe in an European city.
ETSI
European Telecommunications
Europäisches Telekommunikations- A non-profit membership organization dedicated to standardizing telecommunications in
organization,
Standards Institute
Normeninstitut
Europe. It promotes worldwide standards, and its efforts are coordinated with the ITU. (
standard,
www.etsi.org)
telecom
ETU
Elementary Time Unit
elementare Zeiteinheit
The "clock tick" on which all chip card timings are based.
smartcard
ETX
End Of Text
Textende
A control code in the ASCII code: It denotes the end of a text.
ASCII
EU
European Union
Europäische Union
An organization of most of the nations of western and middle Europe that works toward and government,
oversees the economic and political integration of these states. (europa.eu.int)
organization
eu
European Union
Europäische Union
A generic TLD that will be available for the European Union (see EU).
TLD
EUCIP
europäisches Zertifikat für IT-Profis
European Certification of IT
A professional certification and competency development scheme initiated by CEPIS, aimed general
Professionals
at IT-professionals and practitioners. (www.eucip.de)
EULA
End User License Agreement
Endbenutzerlizenzvereinbarung
The legal agreement between the manufacturer and purchaser of software.
law
EUR
Euro
Euro
The new European currency started on 1.1.1999, resp. 1.1.2002 (with coins and notes).
economy, unit
telecom
EURESCO EUropean institute for REsearch europäisches Institut für Forschung
An institute for collaborative R&D in telecommunications founded by 20 European network
M
and strategic Studies in
und strategische Studien in
operators. It is working as a virtual company using the resources of their shareholders to
teleCOMmunications
Telekommunikation
perform high-impact research projects. (www.eurescom.de)
EURid
EUropean Registry of Internet
europäische Registrierstelle für
This non-profit organization has been chosen by the European Commission to manage the
Internet,
Domain names
Internet-Domänennamen
.eu TLD. (www.eurid.org)
organization
EuroISPA EUROpean Internet Services
europäische Vereinigung der Internet- "The pan-European association of the ISPs associations of the countries of the EU.
Internet,
Providers Association
Diensteanbieter
EuroISPA is the world's largest association of ISPs." (www.euroispa.org)
organization
EVB-IT
Ergänzende Vertragsbedingungen complementary contract terms for the (Neue) Muster-Vertragsbedingungen der öffentlichen Auftraggeber für die Beschaffung von government
für die Beschaffung von ITpurchase of benefits in IT
Informationstechnik (Kauf von Hardware und Software, Instandhaltung von Hardware und die
Leistungen
Inanspruchnahme von IT-Dienstleistungen). (www.kbst.bund.de/evb-it)
EVD
Enhanced (digital) Versatile Disc erweiterte DVD
memory, PC
A new proposed standard (developed in China) for an optical disc format and associated
player that shall be superior to the DVD-Video disc (with its undesirable royalties).
eVergabe Elektronische VERGABE
electronic awarding of contracts
The electronic awarding of contracts is a form of e-commerce in the G2B area. (example:
economy,
www.evergabe-online.de)
government
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 63 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
EVG
EVK
EVMS
Long Term Equivalent
EValuationsGegenstand
empfohlener Verkaufspreis
Enterprise Volume Management
System
(Literal) Translation {to German}
target of evaluation
recommended retail price
Datenträgerverwaltungssystem für
Unternehmen
EVP
EWO
EXIF
Enhanced Virus Protection
EinWOhner
EXchangeable Image File
erweiterter Schutz vor Viren
inhabitant or resident
Bildaustausch-Format
ext2
ext3
EZY
F
F-IX
2nd EXTended (file system)
3rd EXTended (file system)
onomatopoeic for EasY
France
Frankfurt Internet eXchange
zweites erweitertes (Dateisystem)
drittes erweitertes (Dateisystem)
leicht
Frankreich
Frankfurt Internet-Austausch
F2F
F2T
FAQ
FAR
Face To Face
Free to Talk
Frequently Asked Questions
False Accept Rate
FAT
FAT32
FAX
von Angesicht zu Angesicht
frei sprechen können
häufig gestellte Fragen
Falschakzeptanzrate oder Anteil
fälschlich Zugelassener
Flexible Authentication via Secure flexible Authentifizierung durch
Tunneling
sicheres Tunneln
File Allocation Table
Dateizuordnungstabelle
File Allocation Table 32 bit
Dateizuordnungstabelle 32 Bit
FACSimile
Bildtelegramm
Fb
FBCA
FrauenBeauftragte
Federal Bridge CA
FBGA
FBI
FBM
FC
Fine-pitch Ball Grid Array
Federal Bureau of Investigations
Fine By Me
Fibre (or Fiber) Channel
FC
FC-PGA
Fingers Crossed
Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array
FCC
FCC
Faber-Castell Consulting
Federal Communications
Commission
FAST
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
Meaning
see TOE
Unverbindliche Preisempfehlung des Herstellers, die meist über dem 'Straßenpreis' liegt.
A logical volume management system for Linux with "a plug-in model that allows for easy
expansion or customization ..." It is compatible with IDE and SCSI disks, DOS-style disk
partitions, Linux MD/Software-RAID devices, AIX LVM etc. (evms.sourceforge.net)
Bezeichnung verschiedener städtischer Projekte im Bereich Einwohnerwesen.
A format that is a standard for storing interchange information in digital photography image
files, especially those using JPEG compression. (www.exif.org)
The most popular Linux file system.
A journaling extension to the standard ext2 file system on Linux.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
A "neutral and independent Internet Exchange in Frankfurt, Germany" with the purpose "to
enhance traffic exchange as well as to improve business relationships between ISPs". It is in
competition to DE-CIX. (www.f-ix.net)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A collection of commonly-asked questions about a subject along with the answers.
The percentage of impostors accepted by a biometric or other identification check.
A protocol based on EAP that enables secure communication between a client and a server
by using the EAP based TLS to establish a mutually authenticated tunnel.
The part of the DOS file system that keeps track of where data is stored on disk.
The 32-bit version of the FAT that was added to Windows 95 starting with OSR 2.
A process by which fixed graphic material including pictures, text, or images is scanned and
the information converted into electrical signals which are transmitted via telephone to
produce a paper copy of the graphics on the receiving fax machine.
women's representative
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (no department number)
vereinte oder Bundes-CA-Brücke
An US bridge CA that supports interoperability among US federal agency PKI domains in a
non-hierarchical, peer to peer fashion. (www.cio.gov/fbca , csrc.nist.gov/pki/fbca)
feingängiger Kugel-Steckkontakt
A type of flash memory chip packaging.
Kriminalpolizei
"The principal investigative arm of the US Department of Justice." (www.fbi.gov)
Von mir aus gerne! oder für mich ok. A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(Glas-)Faserkanal
A high-speed serial data transfer architecture standardized by ANSI and used for mass
storage devices (to build SANs) and other peripheral devices that require very high
bandwidth. It may carry different protocols and uses the Gigabit Ethernet physical layer.
Finger gekreuzt
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Schnipp-Chip Steckkontaktbereich
The package of certain Intel Celeron and Pentium III processors. FC-PGA processors fit into
Socket 370 motherboard sockets. The FC-PGA is is similar to PPGA.
Faber-Castell Beratung[Eigenname] A German consulting company. It is the mother of Signcard. (www.fcc.de)
Bundeskommission für
The US government agency that regulates interstate and international communications
Kommunikation
including wire, cable, radio, TV and satellite. (www.fcc.gov)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
security
economy
Unix
security
Curiavant
compression,
graphic
Unix
Unix
slang
country
Internet
slang
slang
slang
security
Cisco, net,
security
MS, PC
MS, PC
telecom
Nuremberg
cryptography
chip, memory
government
slang
net
slang
chip, processor
company
organization
Seite 64 von 207
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Acronym
FCIP
FCL
FCS
FD
FDDI
FDF
FDL
FDM
FDMA
FEAL
FEC
FEM
FEP
FEPI
FERAM
FF
FFII
FFS
FGAC
FhG
FHS
Long Term Equivalent
Fibre Channel over tcp/IP
Glossar - Abkü
Meaning
A protocol that allows the interconnection of islands of Fibre Channel SANs over IP-based
networks (LANs to WANs) to form a unified SAN in a single Fibre Channel fabric.
Framework Class Library
Rahmen-Klassenbibliothek
MS's collection of basic type classes for developers is universal to all .NET languages.
Frame Check Sequence
Blockprüf(zeichen)folge
see HDLC
Floppy Disk
Diskette, wörtlich schlappe Scheibe A small, portable plastic disk coated with a magnetizable substance used for storing
computer data. The physical size of disks has shrunk from the early 8 inch, via 5 1/4 inch to 3
1/2 inch while the data capacity has risen.
Fiber Distributed Data Interface
Schnittstelle für über Lichtleiter
A physical layer and data link layer standard for a fibre optic ring-topology network as
verteilte Daten
approved by ANSI. It is used as a transmission protocol for high performance networks.
Forms Data Format
Formulardatenformat
A format (being a simplified version of PDF) defined by Adobe for handling forms within PDF
documents. It is used to submit form data to a server, to receive a response, and to
incorporate it back into a form.
(GNU) FDL
(GNU) FDL
see GFDL
Frequency Division Multiplexing
FrequenzverteilungsA method of passing multiple, independent signals across a single medium by assigning each
Multiplexverfahren
a unique carrier frequency.
Frequenzverteilungs-Mehrfachzugang A technology used in analog cellular telephone networks that divides the spectrum into 30
Frequency Division Multiple
Access
kHz channels. (see FDM)
Fast data Encryption ALgorithm
schneller
A symmetric block cipher using a 64-bit block and 64-bit key, designed by A. Shimizu and S.
Datenverschlüsselungsalgorithmus
Miyaguchi at NTT Japan.
Forward Error Correction
Vorwärtsfehlerkorrektur
A communications technique that can correct bad data on the receiving end by using extra
bits for error correction.
Methode der finiten Elemente
Finite Element Method or
A CAD method that determines the structural integrity of a mechanical part or physical
construction under design by mathematical simulation of the part and its loading condition.
Modelling
Front End Processor
Vorschaltprozessor
A box that provides communication services for IBM mainframes. Sometimes called a
communications controller. Services include data link activation, polling, and error detection
and correction. It runs NCP or NPSI. Model numbers: ..., 3745, 3746.
Front End Programming Interface Vorschalt-Programmierschnittstelle
An interface that enables you to write CICS application programs that access other CICS or
IMS programs, providing a front end to those programs. The interface simulates the terminals
that the other programs use.
Ferro-Electric RAM
ferroelektrischer RAM
see FRAM
Form Feed
A control code in the ASCII code: Next sheet of paper.
Formular- oder Blattvorschub
Foundation for a Free Information Förderverein (oder Stiftung) für eine "A non-profit association under German law that promotes a sustainable development of
Infrastructure
public information goods based on copyright, free competition and open standards." (
Freie Informationelle Infrastruktur
(oder Informationsinfrastruktur) e.V. www.ffii.org)
Fast File System
schnelles Dateisystem
Fine-Grained Access Control
feinkörnige Zugriffskontrolle
It enables a user or system administrator to control access to small objects, methods, and
procedures.
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
[Eigenname / proper name]
A German company for contract research in all fields of the engineering sciences with several
institutes in Germany and abroad. (www.fraunhofer.de)
Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
Dateisystemhierarchie-Standard
"This standard consists of a set of requirements and guidelines for file and directory
placement under UNIX-like OSs. The guidelines are intended to support interoperability ..." (
www.pathname.com/fhs)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Faserkanal über TCP/IP
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
Internet
MS, program
net
memory, PC
net
Adobe
general
telecom
telecom
cryptography
error
general
IBM, net, SNA
IBM, program
memory
ASCII
organization
Unix
security
company
Unix
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
FHSS
Long Term Equivalent
Frequency Hopping Spread
Spectrum
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Bandspreizung durch
Frequenzwechsel / FrequenzsprungVerfahren
fi
FICCL
FICON
Finland
Frankly I Couldn't Care a Less
FIber CONnector
Finnland
FIfF
Forum InformatikerInnen für
Frieden und gesellschaftliche
verantwortung e.V.
First-In First-Out
FIFO
FIJ
FILE
FIN
FIN
FinTS
Fiji
Free Internet Lexicon and
Encyclopedia
FINish
Finland
FINancial Transaction Services
FIPR
Foundation for Information Policy
Research
FIPS
Federal Information Processing
Standard
Forum of Incident Response and
Security Teams
FIRST
FISA
FISCUS
FISH
FISH
FITB
FITUG
fj
FJI
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
Act
Föderales Integriertes
Standardisiertes ComputerUnterstütztes Steuersystem
First In, Still Here
Flash Internal Semiconductor
Hard-drive
Fill In The Blank
Förderverein Informationstechnik
und Gesellschaft e.V.
Fiji
Fiji
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
Meaning
Context
A transmission technology used in WLANs and GSM where the data signal is modulated with net, telecom
a narrow band carrier signal that "hops" in a random but predictable sequence from
frequency to frequency as a function of time over a band of frequencies. It reduces
interference and enhances data privacy.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Faseranschluß
An IBM mainframe channel based on the Fibre Channel standard. It boosts the transfer rate
of ESCON's half-duplex 17MB/sec to a full-duplex 100MB/sec.
panel of computer scientists for peace Zusammenschluß von InformatikerInnen, "die sich nicht nur für die technischen Aspekte,
and social responsibility (registered
sondern auch für gesellschaftlichen Auswirkungen ihres Fachgebiets verantwortlich fühlen
association)
und entsprechende Arbeit leisten wollen." (iug.uni-paderborn.de/fiff)
zuerst drin, zuerst raus
A data structure or hardware buffer from which items are taken out in the same order they
were put in. Contrast to LIFO.
Fidschi
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
freies Internet-Lexikon und
A collection of words with definitions that are currently not found in several freely available
Enzyklopädie
dictionary databases. (work in progress? discontinued?) (www.dict.org/file.html)
beenden
A state flag in a TCP packet as used to graceful tear down an existing connection.
Finnland
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Dienste für finanzielle
The continuation of HBCI. It supports a variety of electronic banking services like money
Vorgangsabwicklung
transfers, bank statements, time deposits, investments and the whole area of online
brokerage. It also supports the new banking signature card. (www.hbci-zka.de)
Stiftung zur Forschung über
"An independent body that studies the interaction between IT and society. Its goal is to
Informationspolitik
identify technical developments ..., commission and undertake research into public policy
alternatives, and promote public understanding and dialogue ..." (www.fipr.org)
Bundesstandard für
IT related standards of the NIST, published as technical guidelines for US government
Informationsverarbeitung
procurements of information processing system equipment. (www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs)
Zusammenschluss von
A global coalition of government and private sector organizations to exchange information
Störfallreaktions- und Sicherheitsand to coordinate response activities concerning security-related incidents of computer
Teams
systems and networks throughout the world. (www.first.org)
country, TLD
slang
IBM, net
organization
memory
country
general
Internet
country
security
organization
standard
organization,
security
law
federal, integrated, standardized
computer supported tax system
zuerst gekommen, immer noch da
Blitz(speicher) interne HalbleiterFestplatte
Leerräume ausfüllen
Promotional association for
information technology and society
(registered association)
Fidschi
Fidschi
Eine durch die gleichnamige, staatseigene Firma in Entwicklung befindliche einheitliche
Software zum Erheben von Steuern (insbesondere Lohnsteuer) für die Finanzbehörden aller
deutschen Bundesländer. (www.fiscus.info)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
"A new universal semiconductor memory card with standard built-in USB 2.0
communications." (www.fishmemory.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
"Zwecke des Vereins sind die Förderung der Integration der neuen Medien in die
Gesellschaft, die Aufklärung über Techniken, Risiken und Gefahren dieser Medien, sowie die
Wahrung der Menschenrechte und der Verbraucherschutz ..." (www.fitug.de)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and UN vehicle code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
government
slang
memory
slang
organization
country, TLD
country
Seite 66 von 207
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Acronym
fk
fka
FL
FLK
FLOPS
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
fm
FMEA
Long Term Equivalent
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
Formerly Known As
Liechtenstein, Fürstentum ~
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
FLoating-point Operations Per
Second
Micronesia, Federal State of ~
Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Falklandinseln (Malwinen)
früher bekannt als
Liechtenstein
Falklandinseln (Malwinen)
Fließkomma-Operationen pro
Sekunde
Mikronesien, Föderierte Staaten von
Fehlerart und -wirkung-Analyse
Meaning
Context
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
A common benchmark measurement for rating the speed of microprocessors. Floating-point PC, unit
operations include any operations that involve fractional numbers.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A technique for analyzing how systems might fail and what the consequences of that failure security
would be. Primarily used to calculate and predict risks for safety and insurance purposes,
FMEA identifies all the ways in which it is possible for each component to fail and then follows
through the consequence of each type of failure.
FMH
Function Management Header
Funktionskennsatz
IBM, net, SNA
fo
FoeBuD
Fa(e)roe Islands
Verein zur Förderung des
öffentlichen bewegten und
unbewegten Datenverkehrs e.V.
Fraunhofer institut für Offene
KommUnikationsSysteme
Free On-Line Dictionary Of
Computing
Falling Of My Chair Laughing
Formatting Object Processor
Färöer
Association for the promotion of the
public moved and unmoved data
traffic (registered association)
Fraunhofer Institute for Open
Communication Systems
freies Online-Wörterbuch über
Rechnen oder EDV
lachend vom Stuhl fallen
formatierender Objektverarbeiter
LU type 6.2 uses this header to carry a request for a conversation to be established between
two transaction programs. This header identifies the transaction program that is to be put into
execution and connected to the receiving half-session.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
"Eine ... Gemeinschaft ..., die sich grenzüberschreitend für Informationsfreiheit einsetzt und
mit den Auswirkungen von Technologien auf die Gesellschaft ... beschäftigt und das Wissen
um diese Entwicklung fördert." (www.foebud.de)
(www.fokus.fraunhofer.de)
general
FOSS
FORMVorschriftenANPassungsGesetz
FORmula TRANslator
Free and Open Source Software
Developers' European Meeting
Free and Open Source Software
law on the adaptation of procedural
requirements
Formelübersetzer
europäisches Entwickler-Treffen für
freie und quelloffene Software
freie und quelloffene Software
A searchable dictionary of anything to do with computing, published by Denis Howe under the
GFDL. (www.foldoc.org , foldoc.doc.ic.ac.uk/foldoc/index.html)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A print formatter driven by XSL formatting objects. It is a Java application that reads a
formatting object tree and then renders the resulting pages to a specified output (PDF, PCL,
PS, SVG, etc.). (xml.apache.org/fop)
A German law on the adaptation of procedural requirements in private law and other legal
provisions to modern legal transactions.
The first high-level programming language and compiler, developed in 1954 by IBM.
An European meeting of software developers "organized by volunteers, to promote the
widespread use of free and open source software". (www.fosdem.org)
Software that gives users the right to run, copy, distribute, study, change, and improve it as
they see fit, without them having to ask permission from or make additional payments to any
external group or person. (Here 'free' means freedom, but not necessarily free of cost.)
FOT
FPGA
Fiber Optic Transceiver
Field-Programmable Gate Array
FPM
Fast Page Mode
anwenderprogrammierbarer
integrierter Schaltkreis
schneller Seiten(austausch)modus
fps
FPU
Frames Per Second
Floating-Point Unit
Seiten pro Sekunde
Gleitkommaprozessor
FOKUS
FOLDOC
FOMCL
FOP
FormVAnP
G
FORTRAN
FOSDEM
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
A programmable logic chip (PLD) with a high density of gates.
An earlier DRAM chip design, where a row is selected only once for all the columns (bits)
within the row, resulting in faster access.
The unit of measurement of the frame (a still image) rate of a moving image.
A computer circuit that handles floating point operations.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country, TLD
organization
organization
slang
markup
law
program
organization
law, program
telecom
chip
memory
graphic, unit
processor
Seite 67 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
FQDN
Long Term Equivalent
Fully Qualified Domain Name
(Literal) Translation {to German}
voll qualifizierter Domänenname
FR
Frame Relay
Block-Umsetzstation
fr
FRA
FRAM
France
France
Ferroelectric RAM
Frankreich
Frankreich
ferroelektrischer RAM
FreeBSD
free BSD
freies BSD
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
FreeDOS
FREE DOS
FreeRADIU FREE RADIUS
S
FreeS/WAN FREE S/WAN
freies DOS
freies RADIUS
Meaning
It is an unique DNS domain name specified with the complete set of required values and with
the terminating root delimiter "." (i.e. host.domain.tld.). It maps to one IP address and is
registered with one of the international NICs - a registered, identified user site.
A packet-mode switching interface for handling high-speed data and interconnecting LANs
and WANs in low error-rate environments. It uses variable packets (frames) as the transfer
format with less overhead and sequence checking.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A type of non-volatile read/write random access semiconductor memory. It combines the
advantages of SRAM - writing is roughly as fast as reading, and EPROM - non-volatility (for
up to 10 years) and in-circuit programmability.
An "advanced OS for x86 compatible, DEC Alpha, IA-64, PC-98 and UltraSPARC
architectures. It is derived from BSD UNIX" with focus on ease of use. (www.freebsd.org)
It "aims to be a complete, free, 100% MS-DOS compatible OS." (www.freedos.org)
(www.freeradius.org)
freies S/WAN (-Projekt)
A free implementation of IPsec and IKE for Linux. (see S/WAN) (www.freeswan.org)
FRO
FRR
Fa(e)roe Islands
False Reject Rate
Färöer
Falschrückweisungsrate oder Anteil
fälschlich Abgewiesener
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The percentage of valid users rejected by a biometric or other identification check.
cryptography,
net
country
security
FrSIRT
FRench Security Incident
Response Team
For Real Though
File Separator
FrontSide Bus
Fujitsu-Siemens Computers
(www.frsirt.com/english)
security
FRT
FS
FSB
FSC
FSD
FSF
FSFE
FSG
FSH
FSK
FSM
FSN
Context
Internet
net
country, TLD
country
memory
OS, Unix
OS, PC
net, security
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A control code in the ASCII code:
ASCII
The bus via which a processor communicates with its RAM, chipset, and L2 cache.
PC
company
The leading European computer company was formed in 1999 by merging SNI with Fujitsu
Computers (Europe) Ltd. to serve the EMEA market. (www.fujitsu-siemens.com)
File System Driver
Dateisystemtreiber
A user-written DLL that the OS loads to interface to a user-created installable file system. The MS
functions that access an installable file system are implemented in the DLL.
Free Software Foundation
Stiftung für freie Software
An non-profit organization devoted to the creation and dissemination of free software, i.e.
organization,
software that is free from licensing fees or restrictions on use and modification. Its main work program
is supporting the GNU project, started by R. Stallman. (www.fsf.org)
Free Software Foundation Europe Stiftung für freie Software (in) Europa (www.fsfeurope.org)
organization,
program
Free Standards Group
Gruppe für freie Normen
"An independent, non-profit organization dedicated to accelerating the use ... of open source organization,
technologies through the development ... of standards." (www.freestandards.org)
standard
File System Hierarchy
Frequency Shift Keying
Frequenzwechsel-Tastung
The use of frequency modulation to transmit digital data, i.e. two different carrier frequencies telecom
are used to represent zero and one. It is used e.g. in modems and teleprinters.
Micronesia, Federal State of ~
Mikronesien, Föderierte Staaten von The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
FrankenStadion Nürnberg
Franconia stadium Nuremberg
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 830)
Nuremberg
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Dateiendekennzeichen
Vorderseiten-Bus
[Eigenname / proper name]
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 68 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
FST
FTC
Long Term Equivalent
Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle
Telefonmehrwertdienste
File Transfer, Access and
Maintenance protocol
Federal Trade Commission
FTD
FTP
FTTB
FTTH
FÜ
FUD
Financial Times Deutschland
File TransferProtocol
Fiber To The Building
Fiber To The Home
Fürth
Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt
FuE
funzen
FUSE
FVD
Forschung und Entwicklung
funktionieren
Filesystem in USErspace
Finalized or Forward (digital)
Versatile Disc
FeuerWehr
FireWall
FTAM
FW
FW
FWIW
FXP
FXX
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
voluntary operator control for value- A registered association of carriers and service providers with the purpose to organize
added telephone services
voluntary self-monitoring with respect to value-added telephone services. (www.fst-ev.org)
Protokoll für Dateiübertragung, -zugriff An application layer protocol for file transfer and remote manipulation between systems of
und -verwaltung
different vendors. [ISO 8571]
Bundesgewerbe/handel/wirtschafts- An US government agency that enforces a variety of federal antitrust and consumer
kommission
protection laws. It seeks to ensure that the markets function competitively. (www.ftc.gov)
(www.ftd.de)
Dateiübertragungsprotokoll
A protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network (Internet, UNIX, etc.) [RFC 959]
(Glas-)Faser bis zum Gebäude
(Glas-)Faser bis zur Wohnung
[Eigenname / proper name]
Name of a German city in Bavaria that is part of the regional [email protected] project.
Angst, Unsicherheit und Zweifel
A strategy intended to make a company's customers insecure about future product plans with
the purpose of discouraging them from adopting competitors' products.
Research and Development (R&D)
see R&D
to function
A German computer slang word.
(fuse.sourceforge.net)
endgültige oder Vorwärts-DVD
A new proposed standard (developed in Taiwan) for an optical disc format and associated
player that shall be superior to the DVD-Video disc (with its undesirable royalties).
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 370)
fire brigade or department
Brandschutzmauer
A system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network, separating it
from the Internet. It can be implemented in hardware and / or software.
Wozu soll das gut sein?
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
FYEO
FYI
For What It's Worth
File Exchange Protocol
France, Metropolitan (excludes
overseas territories)
For Your Eyes Only
For Your Information
FYI
G
G/F
G&D
For Your Information
Grin
GirlFriend
Giesecke & Devrient
zu deiner Information
grinsen
Freundin
[Eigenname / proper name]
G2B
G2C
G2CU
G2G
G2G
Government-To-Business
Government-To-Citizen
Glad To C (for see) U (for yoU)
Got To Go
Government-To-Government
G2K
G2R
Good To Know
Got To Run
öffentl. Verwaltung zu Unternehmen
öffentl. Verwaltung zu Bürger
erfreut oder schön, dich zu sehen
(ich) muß gehen
öffentl. Verwaltung zu öffentl.
Verwaltung
gut zu wissen
(ich) muß mich beeilen
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
Frankreich (ohne Überseegebiete)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
nur für deine Augen (bestimmt)
zu Ihrer Information
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A subseries of informative RFCs that are not technical standards or descriptions of protocols.
FYIs convey general information about topics related to TCP/IP or the Internet.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A German, globally operating company that was initially specialized in banknote and
securities printing. Today it is also a supplier of smart cards and system solutions for
electronic payments, health care, identity, and Internet security (PKI). (www.gi-de.com)
Refers to a government agency communicating with a business. (e-Government)
Refers to a government agency communicating with a citizen. (e-Government)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Refers to one government agency communicating with another government agency. (eGovernment)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
organization,
telecom
net
economy,
government
general
Internet, Unix
telecom
telecom
Curiavant
general
enterprise
slang
PC
memory, PC
Nuremberg
Internet, security
slang
Internet
country
slang
Internet,
standard
slang
slang
slang
company
government
government
slang
slang
government
slang
slang
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Acronym
G3
G3
Long Term Equivalent
Generation 3
Group 3
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Generation 3
Gruppe 3
G3
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
G4
G4
Generation 4
Group 4
Generation 4
Gruppe 4
G4
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
G5
Generation 5
Generation 5
G6
Generation 6
Generation 6
G9
ga
GA
GAAP
Genius
Gabon
Go Ahead
Generally Accepted Accounting
Principles
Gabon
Government Advisory Committee
Genie
Gabun
Los, vorwärts! oder Mach weiter!
allgemein akzeptierte
Buch(halt)ungsregeln
Gabun
beratender Ausschuss der
Regierungen oder Regierungsbeirat
GAB
GAC
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
Meaning
The 3rd generation of IBM's CMOS-based mainframes (S/390), introduced in 1996.
The CCITT fax protocol which uses data compression and allows a variety of file types (e.g.
e-mail, pictures, PostScript) to be transmitted over analogue telephone lines.
A series of Macintosh desktop machines and PowerBook portables from Apple that use the
PowerPC 750 chip.
The 4th generation of IBM's CMOS-based mainframes (S/390), introduced in 1997.
The CCITT fax protocol which uses data compression and allows a variety of file types (e.g.
e-mail, pictures, PostScript) to be transmitted over digital (ISDN) telephone lines.
A series of Macintosh desktop machines and PowerBook portables from Apple that use the
PowerPC G4 chip.
The 5th generation of IBM's CMOS-based mainframes (S/390). Introduced in 1998, G5
debuts the FICON channel and adds hardware-based 3DES cryptography.
The 6th generation of IBM's CMOS-based mainframes (S/390). Introduced in 1999, it was the
first enterprise server line to use IBM's copper chip technology.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A set of accounting principles that are generally accepted by accounting profession in the
USA. (cpaclass.com/gaap/gaap-us-01a.htm ?, www.fasb.org ?)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
"The GAC seeks to incorporate the diverse views, laws and policies of many different
countries and distinct economies in its advice to ICANN." It allows countries and distinct
economies to influence policies concerning the management of the DNS and related
functions. (www.noie.gov.au/projects/international/DNS/gac/index.htm)
Context
IBM
telecom
Apple,
processor
IBM
telecom
Apple,
processor
IBM
IBM
slang
country, TLD
slang
economy
country
government,
Internet
GAEB
Grundsätze für den Austausch
principles for the exchange of
Elektronischer daten im Bauwesen electronic data in civil engineering
government
GAEB
Gemeinsamer Ausschuss für
Elektronik im Bauwesen
Go Away From Keyboard
Generally Accepted Information
Security Principles
Get A Life
Gambia
General Accounting Office
government
(ich) gehe von der Tastatur weg
allgemein akzeptierte Grundsätze zur
Informationssicherheit
(du) bekommst ein (neues) Leben
Gambia
oberster Rechnungshof
Generally Accepted Security
Principles
Generally Accepted System
Security Principles
GoodBye
Great Britain
allgemein akzeptierte Grundsätze zur
Sicherheit
allgemein akzeptierte Grundsätze zur
Systemsicherheit
Auf Wiedersehen!
Großbritannien
GAFK
GAISP
GAL
GAM
GAO
GASP
GASSP
GB
gb
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A comprehensive hierarchy of guidance to provide a globally consistent, practical framework
for information security promoted by the ISSA and the IISF.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The audit, evaluation, and investigative arm of the US Congress. "GAO exists to support the
Congress ... and to help improve the performance and ensure the accountability of the
federal government for the American people." (www.gao.gov)
slang
security
slang
country
government
security
Good information security practice that is promoted by a committee representing private and security
public sectors from the USA and abroad. (web.mit.edu/security/www/gassp1.html)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code and UN vehicle code for this country. (see also uk)
country, TLD
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
GBA
GBAS
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
GartenBauAmt
office for horticulture or gardening
Generic Bezel Attach Specification
Meaning
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 660)
Context
Nuremberg
PC, standard
GBR
United Kingdom (Great Britain)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
GBS
GBU
GC
Guinea-Bissau
God Bless yoU
Global Catalog
GCA
GCC
Guatemala
Guatemala
(GNU-C-Compiler) GNU Compiler (GNU-C-Compiler) GNU Compiler
Collection
Sammlung
GCD
GCHQ
GCS
Greatest Common Divisor
Government Communications
HeadQuarters
Graphic Communication Server
größter gemeinsamer Teiler
Zentrale der Regierung für das
Fernmeldewesen
Grafik-Kommunikation-Server
GCS
Group Control System
Gruppensteuersystem
gd
GD/R
GDD
Grenada
Grinning, Ducking, and Running
Gesellschaft für Datenschutz und
Datensicherung e.V.
Graphical Data Display Manager
Grenada
grinsen, sich ducken und wegrennen
registered association for data privacy
and data security
GrafikbildschirmVerwaltungsprogramm
GDDM-Schnittstelle für das XWindow system
grafische Geräteschnittstelle
GDDM
GDDMXD
GDI
GDPdU
GDDM interface for X Window
System
Graphical or Graphics Device
Interface
Vereinigtes Königreich
(Großbritannien)
Guinea-Bissau
Gott segne dich!
globaler Katalog
GDR
GDS
Grundsätze zum Datenzugriff und principles regarding data access and
zur Prüfbarkeit digitaler Unterlagen verifiability of digital documents or
auditing of digitally stored data
Grinning, Ducking, and Running
grinsen, sich ducken und wegrennen
Global Directory Service
globaler Verzeichnisdienst
ge
GEAM
Georgia
Geam Encrypts All Mail
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Georgien
Geam verschlüsselt alle Post
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A GC server contains an index to all AD objects in the forest, providing a efficient means for database, MS
applications and users to query the directory for objects based on one or more known
attributes.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Primarily a high quality, portable compiler for C, C++ and Objective C, being the main part of program, Unix
the GNU project. Today it is a collection of different compilers (also ADA, Fortran, Pascal)
from the FSF that are all licensed under the GPL. (gcc.gnu.org)
In mathematics the largest integer that divides both of two integer numbers.
general
An intelligence and security organisation of the UK government (civil service department). Its organization,
mission is signals intelligence and Information Assurance (IA). (www.gchq.gov.uk)
security
The part of the NetView Graphic Monitor Facility that manages LU 6.2 sessions used for data IBM, net, SNA
transport between (a) Tivoli NetView for OS/390 and the server workstation and (b) the server
workstation and its client workstations.
IBM
A component of VM that provides multiprogramming and shared memory support to virtual
machines. It is a saved system intended for use with SNA products.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A non-profit registered association (mainly of data protection officers) in Germany that
organization,
advocates data privacy which makes sense, is justifiable and feasable. (www.gdd.de)
security
graphic, IBM
In the NPM, an IBM licensed program used in conjunction with the PGF to generate online
graphs in the NPM Graphic Subsystem.
A graphical interface that formats and displays characters, graphics, and images on
graphic, IBM,
workstation display devices that support the X Window System.
X11
The graphics display system in MS Windows. When an application needs to display or print, it graphic, MS
makes a call to a GDI function and sends it the parameters for the object that must be
created. GDI in turn "draws" the object by sending commands to the device.
According to regulations in Germany all digitally originated business documents relevant to
enterprise,
tax must be archived electronically in a change-proof format from January 1, 2002. The
government
German tax authority has the right to access these data electronically.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
database
A meta-directory product from ISOCOR, that is designed to store, manage and update
mission-critical directory information.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
cryptography
A daemon based on GnuPG that encrypts the complete e-mail of an organization on its
SMTP mail server regardless of the mail clients. (www.g-n-u.com/software/geam.html)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 71 von 207
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Acronym
GEMA
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
GEsellschaft für Musikalische
Aufführungs- und mechanische
vervielfältigungsrechte
Gesellschaft für
Telematikanwendungen der
Gesundheitskarte mbH
GEsellschaft für Netzwerk- und
Unix-Administration
Georgia
Equatorial Guinea
Germany
French Guiana
GeschäftsFührung
Gnu Free Documentation License
(Literal) Translation {to German}
society for musical performing and
mechanical reproduction rights
GFS
Go For It
Gesellschaft Für
Konsumforschung
Global File System
Mach dich dran! oder Fang an!
company for research on
consumption
weltweites Dateisystem
GG
gg
GGP
Gotta Go or Good Game
Guernsey
Gateway-to-Gateway Protocol
?? bzw. gutes Spiel
Guernsey
Tor-zu-Tor Protokoll
Gh
gh
GHA
GHz
GI
GesundHeitsamt
Ghana
Ghana
GigaHertZ
Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V.
Gi
gi
GIAIS
gibi = gigabinary
Gibraltar
Global Infrastructure Alliance for
Internet Safety
public health office
Ghana
Ghana
Gigahertz
society for information science
(registered association)
binäres Giga
Gibraltar
globale Infrastruktur-Allianz für
Internet-Sicherheit
GIAR
GIB
GID
GID
Give It A Rest
Gibraltar
Global Server ID
Group IDentification
Hör doch auf!
Gibraltar
globale Server-ID
Gruppenidentifikationsnummer
GIF
Global Interoperability Framework globale Rahmenbedingungen für
Interoperabilität
gematik
GeNUA
GEO
GEQ
GER
gf
GF
GFDL
GFI
GfK
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
company for the administration of
networks and UNIX
Georgien
Äquatorialguinea
Deutschland
Französisch-Gu(a)yana
executive board / management
GNU freie Lizenz für Dokumentation
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
Meaning
A collecting society that administers the exploitation rights of creators of music as a staterecognized trustee organization. It has the legal status of a commercial association and is
subject to supervision and control. (www.gema.de)
(www.gematik.de)
Context
organization
A German security company offering a firewall system (GeNUGate) that is certified as
E3/high according to ITSEC. (www.genua.de)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The executive board of an enterprise. / Geschäftsführung der Curiavant Internet GmbH.
The FSF's license designed to ensure the same freedoms for documentation that the GPL
gives to software. (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A leading market research company from Germany. (www.gfk.com)
company,
security
country
country
country
country, TLD
Curiavant
law
A cluster file system that allows a cluster of computers to simultaneously use a block device
that is shared between them. (sources.redhat.com/cluster/gfs)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
It is an historic protocol to exchange routing information. In addition to this role, it had to route
datagrams that were passing through the core system. Its status is not recommended. [
RFC 823]
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 530)
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
1.000.000.000 Hz
A German non-profit organization to promote information science. (www.gi-ev.de)
net
A prefix for a binary multiple as standardized by the IEC: 1 Gi = 1.073.741.824 (= 2**30)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
"A working group designed to drive a more secure Internet environment for worldwide
consumers." MS and ISPs representing 60% of the world's Internet subscribers collaborate in
this "effort to proactively help reduce the impact of viruses and worms".
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
see GSID
A unique number identifying a set of users under UNIX. A GID is associated with each file,
indicating the group to which its group permissions apply.
An interoperability framework for identification, validation and electronic signature with smart
cards for Internet applications. It is part of the eESCC common specifications. (see OSCIE)
unit
country, TLD
Internet, MS,
security
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
organization
slang
company
slang
country, TLD
Internet
Nuremberg
country, TLD
country
unit
organization
slang
country
cryptography
Unix
smartcard
Seite 72 von 207
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Acronym
GIF
Long Term Equivalent
Graphics Interchange Format
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Grafikaustauschformat
giFT
giFT Internet-Dateiübertragung
GIG
Gift Internet File Transfer; earlier:
Generic Interface to FastTrack
Global Information Grid
GIGO
GIMP
Garbage In, Garbage Out
Müll rein, Müll raus
GNU Image Manipulation Program GNU Bildbearbeitungsprogramm
GIN
GIOP
Guinea
General Inter-ORB Protocol
GIS
Geographic Information System(s) geographisches Informationssystem
GKMP
Group Key Management Protocol
GL
GL
gl
GL/HF
glibc
Geschäftsleitung
Good Luck
Greenland
Good Luck, Have Fun
Gnu LIBrary C
GruppenschlüsselVerwaltungsprotokoll
management
Viel Glück!
Grönland
Viel Glück, hab Spaß!
GNU C-Bibliothek
GLNG
GLP
GLU
Good Luck Next Game
Guadeloupe
OpenGL Utility Library
viel Glück beim nächsten Spiel
Guadeloupe
OpenGL Dienstprogrammsammlung
GLUT
OpenGL Utility Toolkit
gm
GMAE
GML
Gambia
Gnome Mobile & Embedded
Initiative
Gambia
Gesellschaft mit beschränkter
Haftung
Gesellschaft für Mathematik und
Datenverarbeitung
General Modelling Language
OpenGL DienstprogrammWerkzeugkasten
Gambia
GML
GeographyMarkup Language
GMB
GmbH
GMD
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
globales Informationsgitter
Guinea
allgemeines Inter-ORB-Protokoll
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
Meaning
Context
A bit-mapped graphics file format used by the WWW, CompuServe and many BBSs. It
compression,
supports color (8 bit [256]), various resolutions and lossless data compression.
graphic, net
A project for "a modular daemon capable of abstracting the communication between the end Internet
user and specific filesharing protocols (P2P or otherwise)". (gift.sourceforge.net)
net
A globally interconnected, end-to-end set of information capabilities, associated processes
and personnel for collecting, processing, storing, disseminating, and managing information on
demand to warfighters, policy makers, and support personnel.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
It is a freely distributed piece of software suitable for such tasks as photo retouching, image application,
composition and image authoring.
graphic, Unix
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
It specifies how CORBA's ORBs communicate with each other. It is a high-level protocol that net, program
rides on top of a transport protocol such as TCP/IP (see IIOP).
general
A computerized system to store, record, analyze, and produce maps and geographic
products based on spatial data.
Internet
A protocol to create grouped symmetric keys and distribute them amongst communicating
peers. [RFC 2093, 2094]
The executive board of an enterprise. / Geschäftsleitung der Firma HOB.
HOB
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
program, Unix
The run-time library for the GNU C compiler (gcc) and others. glibc is the source code for
libc.a. It is maintained separately from the compilers and is a superset of ANSI C, ISO C 99
and POSIX.1 and a large subset of POSIX.2. (www.gnu.org/software/libc)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
graphic
A set of functions to create texture mipmaps from a base image, map coordinates between
screen and object space, and draw quadric surfaces and NURBS.
A toolkit and also an API with ANSI C and FORTRAN bindings for writing window system
graphic,
independent OpenGL programs.
program
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
organization
(www.gnome.org/mobile)
Gambia
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
limited liability company or corporation A business structure used in Europe and Canada, in which shareholder responsibility for
company debt is limited to the amount he has invested in the company.
society for mathematics and data
The national research center for information technology (system design, multimedia systems,
processing
communication and cooperation systems and parallel computing) in Germany.
allgemeine Modellierungssprache
ISO 10303 - Part11 ? EXPRESS language (An international standard for the computerinterpretable representation and exchange of product data, independent from any particular
system.)
Geographie-Auszeichnungssprache An XML encoding for the transport and storage of geographic information, including both the
spatial and non-spatial properties of geographic features. (www.opengis.net)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
economy
organization
standard
graphic, markup
Seite 73 von 207
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Acronym
GMT
GMTA
gn
GNB
GNFS
GNOME
GNOPPIX
GNQ
GNSO
GNU
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
Greenwich Mean Time
Great Minds Think Alike
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
General Number Field Sieve
GNU Network Object Model
Environment
Gnome kNOPPIX
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Greenwich-Normalzeit
große Geister denken genauso
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Meaning
Same time as UTC. Equals MEZ -1h and MESZ -2h respectively.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
GNU Netzwerk Objektmodell
Umgebung
GNOME & Knoppix
Equatorial Guinea
Generic Names Supporting
Organization
Gnu´s Not Unix
Äquatorialguinea
Organisation zur Unterstützung
allgemeiner Namen
GNU ist nicht Unix
It is a project that intends to build a complete, user-friendly desktop based entirely on free
software.
A Linux live CD based upon Debian GNU/Linux. It can be compared to Knoppix but
GNOPPIX uses GNOME as desktop environment (instead of KDE). (www.gnoppix.org)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The successor to the responsibilities of the DNSO that relate to the generic top-level
domains. (gnso.icann.org)
A project started by R. Stallman and sponsored by the FSF that develops and maintains a
complete software environment including OS kernel and utilities, editor, compiler and
debugger. It is intended to replace UNIX. (www.gnu.org)
A term that reflects the fact that Linux distributions comprise the Linux kernel and GNU
software tools. (www.gnu.org/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html)
A framework for secure P2P networking that does not use any centralized or otherwise
trusted services. It is implemented on top of the networking layer and allows anonymous
censorship-resistant file-sharing. (www.gnunet.org)
A complete, free and OpenPGP compliant [RFC2440] replacement for PGP. (www.gnupg.org
, www.gnupp.de)
A project sponsored by BMI and BMWA to provide the necessary tools (e.g. GnuPG) for
making use of a fortified encrypting technology accessible to anybody. (www.gnupp.de)
Customary procedures that describe how a body proceeds to fulfill its daily business affairs.
GNU/Linux GNU & Linux
GNU & Linux
GNUnet
GNU NETwork
GNU Netzwerk
GnuPG
GNU Privacy Guard
GNU Datenschutzwächter
GnuPP
Gnu Privacy Project
GNU Datenschutzprojekt
GO
GeschäftsOrdnung
GoB
GoBs
rules of (internal) procedure or
standing orders
Grundsätze Ordnungsgemäßer
rules of orderly bookkeeping or
Buchführung
generally accepted accounting
principles
Grundsätze Ordnungsgemäßer dv- rules of orderly electronic
gestützter BuchführungsSysteme bookkeeping systems
GOI
Get Over It
GOL
GOSIP
Giggling Out Loud
Government Open Systems
Interconnection Profile
GOVernment
Guadeloupe
Gpe Palmtop Environment
gov
gp
GPE
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:47
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Komme darüber hinweg! oder Werde
fertig damit! oder Überwinde es!
laut kichern
Regierungs-Profil zur Verbindung
offener Systeme
Regierung
Guadeloupe
GPE Umgebung für
Handflächen(große Computer)
Context
standard
slang
country, TLD
country
cryptography
Unix
OS, Unix
country
Internet
OS, Unix
OS, Unix
Internet
cryptography
cryptography
general
economy
economy
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A subset of OSI standards specific to US Government procurements, designed to maximize
interoperability. It also allows TCP/IP protocols to be used. [see RFC 1169]
A generic TLD for the US government.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
An open source software project that aims to provide a free software GUI environment for
palmtop/handheld computers running the GNU/Linux OS. It uses the X Window System, and
the GTK+ widget toolkit. (gpe.handhelds.org)
slang
government,
standard
TLD
country, TLD
Unix
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
GPF
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
General Protection Failure or Fault allgemeine Schutzverletzung
GPG
GPL
GnuPG
(GNU) General Public License
GnuPG
(GNU) allgemeine öffentliche Lizenz
GPR
GPRS
GesamtPersonalRat
General Packet Radio Service
over-all staff council
allgemeiner Paket-Radiodienst
GPS
GPS
GesamtProjektSteuerung
Global Positioning System
supervision of the overall project
globales Positioniersystem
GPU
Graphics Processing Unit
Grafikprozessor(einheit)
gq
gr
GR&D
GR8
GRC
GRD
GRE
Equatorial Guinea
Greece
Grinning, Running and Ducking
onomatopoeic for GReat
Greece
Grenada
Generic Routing Encapsulation
graphic,
processor
Äquatorialguinea
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Griechenland
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
grinsen, wegrennen und sich ducken A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
groß(artig)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Griechenland
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Grenada
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
allgemeine Kapselung der (Daten-)
A simple, general purpose mechanism developed by Cisco for encapsulation (tunneling) of a Internet
Wegeleitung
wide variety of protocol packet types in another protocol (e.g. IP), creating a virtual point-topoint link. It also provides a lightweight encapsulation for use in policy based routing. [
RFC 1701, 1702]
GRE
GREP
Greece
Global Regular Expression and
Print
Global Reporting Initiative
Griechenland
globaler regulärer Ausdruck und
Ausgabe ?
globale Berichtsinitiative
GRI
GRIP
GRL
GRN
GRRP
GRUB
GS
GS
gs
Meaning
An addressing error crashing a program, caught by the processor's memory protection
hardware, that cannot be attributed to any expected condition such as a page fault.
see GnuPG
The license applied to most software from the FSF and other authors who choose to use it. It
is intended to guarantee the freedom to share and change free software ('copyleft').
The over-all staff council of a large governmental agency with several branch offices.
An enhancement to the GSM mobile communications system that supports data packets. It
enables continous flows of IP packets over the system e.g. for Web browsing.
Gremium zur Steuerung des [email protected] in der Region Nürnberg.
A system of 24 satellites for identifying earth locations, launched by the US DoD. By
triangulation of signals from at least three of the satellites, a receiving unit can pinpoint its
current location anywhere on earth to within a few meters.
A dedicated graphics rendering device (processor) for a PC, workstation, or game console.
cryptography
law
general
telecom
Curiavant
general
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Unix
A UNIX command line tool that searches files for a string of text and outputs any line that
contains the pattern.
organization
"A multi-stakeholder process and independent institution whose mission is to develop and
disseminate globally applicable sustainability reporting guidelines." (www.globalreporting.org)
Guidelines and Recommendations Richtlinien und Empfehlungen für die The name of an IETF WG that seeks to facilitate consistent handling of security incidents in
for security Incident Processing
Behandlung von Sicherheitsvorfällen the Internet community. It addresses technology vendors, network service providers, and
response teams in their roles assisting organizations in resolving security incidents.
Greenland
Grönland
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Grenada
Grenada
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Generic Registry-Registrar
allgemeines RegistratorA client-server protocol for the registration and management of Internet domain names in
Protocol
Registrierungsprotokoll
shared registries. [RFC 3375]
GRand Unified Bootloader
großartiger einheitlicher Boot-Lader A multiboot boot loader. (www.gnu.org/software/grub)
GeschäftsStelle
office
Geschäftsstelle der Firma HOB
Group Separator
Gruppentrennzeichen
A control code in the ASCII code:
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
South Georgia and the South
Südgeorgien und Südliche
Sandwich Islands
Sandwichinseln
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Context
error
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Internet, security
country
country
Internet
Unix
HOB
ASCII
country, TLD
Seite 75 von 207
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Acronym
GSC-IS
Glossar - Abkü
GSE
Long Term Equivalent
Government Smart CardInteroperability Specification
Guide Share Europe
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Interoperabilitätsspezifikation für
Regierungs-Smartcards
[Eigenname / proper name]
GSHB
GrundSchutzHandBuch
baseline protection manual
GSID
Global Server ID
globale Server-ID
GSL
GSM
office director
globales System für mobile
Kommunikation
GSP
GeschäftsStellenLeiter
Global System for Mobile
communications (originally:
Groupe Spéciale Mobile)
Government Security Program
GSS
Generic Security Services
GSSAPI
GT
gt
GTG
GTK
GSS API
Good Try
Guatemala
Got To Go
GUI ToolKit
GSS API
netter Versuch
Guatemala
mußte gehen
GUI Werkzeugkasten
gTLD
GTM
GTRM
gu
GU
GUA
GUF
GUI
generic Top-Level Domain
Guatemala
Going To Read Mail
Guam
Generalunternehmer
Guatemala
French Guiana
Graphical User Interface
allgemeine TLD
Guatemala
bin Post lesen
Guam
general contractor
Guatemala
Französisch-Gu(a)yana
grafische Benutzeroberfläche
GUI
GUID
Guinea
Globally Unique IDentifier
GULS
Generic Upper Layer Security
GUM
GUUG
GUY
Guam
German Unix User Group
Guyana
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:48
Meaning
Context
An architectural model for interoperable smart card service provider modules, compatible with smartcard
both file system cards and virtual machine cards. (smartcard.nist.gov/gscis.html)
"(It) is a non-profit association of companies, organisations and individuals who are involved IBM,
in ICT solutions based on IBM architectures." (www.gse.org)
organization
A set of recommended standard security measures by BSI for typical IT systems. It aims to security
achieve a security level that is adequate to satisfy normal protection requirements and can
also serve as the basis for IT systems requiring a higher degree of protection.
cryptography
A digital ID (certificate) from Verisign for use on a web server with 128 Bit strong SSL
encryption {, supposedly even if the browser (client) is only an export version (40 Bit)}.
Leiter einer Geschäftsstelle von HOB
HOB
A digital cellular phone technology based on TDMA that is the predominant system in Europe, standard,
but is also used around the world. (www.gsmworld.com)
telecom
MS, security
Sicherheitsprogramm für Regierungen An initiative by MS "designed to provide governments and international organizations with
information about the Windows Platform" and to "promote closer collaboration ... between
Microsoft security professionals and their government counterparts".
allgemeine Sicherheitsdienste
The GSS-API provides security services, supportable with a range of underlying mechanisms, cryptography,
allowing source-level portability of applications to different environments [RFC 1508, 2078]. program
see GSS
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A library of object-oriented graphical interface elements for developing X Window
applications.
Those TLDs that are not ccTLDs, e.g. com, gov, net, org. (www.iana.org/gtld/gtld.htm)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A graphics-based user interface that incorporates windows, icons, buttons, menus and a
pointer for the input and output of a program. It is the standard way users interact with a
computer. The three major GUIs are Windows, Macintosh and X11/Motif. Contrast to CLI.
Guinea
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
global einzigartiger (oder eindeutiger) The GUID is an unique 128-bit number generated for each AD directory object at the point
that it is created. It is used to identify a particular device, component, user, or session.
Bezeichner
allgemeine Sicherheit oberer
A five-part standard for the exchange of security information and security-transformation
Schichten
functions that protect confidentiality and integrity of application data. [ISO 11586]
Guam
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
deutsche Unix-Benutzer-Gruppe
Vereinigung Deutscher UNIX Benutzer e.V. mit Sitz in Erlangen. (www.guug.de)
Gu(a)yana
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
cryptography
slang
country, TLD
slang
graphic, X11
Internet, TLD
country
slang
country, TLD
economy
country
country
graphic, PC
country
database, MS
security
country
Unix
country
Seite 76 von 207
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Acronym
GVU
GW
gw
GWB
gy
GZSZ
H
H
H.261
H.263
H.264
H.323
H&K
H2CUS
H8
HA, HAV
HACMP
HAGN
HAGO
HAI
HAL
HAND
HBA
HBA
HBCI
HCL
HCMOS
Long Term Equivalent
Gesellschaft zur Verfolgung von
Urheberechtsverletzungen
Gateway
Guinea-Bissau
Gesetz gegen
WettbewerbsBeschränkungen ?
Guyana
Gute Zeiten, Schlechte Zeiten
Hochbauamt
Hungary
no acronym or abbreviation!
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:48
(Literal) Translation {to German}
German federation against copyright
theft
Tor (auch Einfahrt) oder
Netzverbindungsrechner
Guinea-Bissau
law against restraints on competition
Meaning
A German organization that contributes to combat persistently white collar offenders within a
worldwide network of antipiracy organizations (e.g. IFPI, MPA). (www.gvu.de)
A computer that performs protocol conversion between different types of networks or
applications. They function at layer 4 and above in the OSI model.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Gu(a)yana
good times, bad times
building surveyor's office
Ungarn
[Eigenname / proper name]
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A very successful German TV soap. (www.gzsz.de)
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 640)
The UN vehicle code for this country.
A video compression standard developed by ITU-T to work with ISDN. It was developed
primarily to support video phones and video conferencing.
An ITU standard based on H.261 for compressing a video conferencing transmission with
enhancements to improve video quality. It supports CIF and various derivatives.
Context
organization
net
country, TLD
law
country, TLD
general
Nuremberg
country
compression,
standard
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
compression,
standard
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
compression,
standard
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
An ITU standard for videoconferencing over packet-switched networks such as LANs and the net, standard
Internet. H.323 specifies several video codecs, including H.261 and H.263, and audio codecs,
including G.711 and G.723.1. It is widely supported for Internet telephony.
Hugs & Kisses
Umarmungen und Küsse
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Hope to see yoU Soon
(ich) hoffe dich bald wieder zu sehen A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
hassen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
onomatopoeic for Hate
High Availibility
Hochverfügbarkeit
Systems with an uptime with 99,9% or better. (99,9% corresponds to 8,75 h/a, 99,99% to less general
than 1 h/a, 99,999% to 5 min/a) (see also 24x7)
High-Availibility Cluster MultiHochverfügbarkeits-Clusterrechner
An application service that enables up to eight RS/6000 servers to access the same data in IBM, Unix
Processing
mit Multi-Prozessoren
parallel. This optimizes application execution and scalability and protects against unplanned
outages and server downtime.
Have A Good Night
Gute Nacht!
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Have A Good One
'ne(n) gute(n) {Appettit, Nacht etc.}
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Haiti
Haiti
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Hardware Abstraction Layer
Hardware-Abstraktionsschicht
The translation layer in Windows NT that resides between the kernel and I/O system and the PC
hardware itself. Its purpose is to be able to port NT to another platform by a new HAL.
Have A Nice Day
(ich) wünsche dir einen schönen Tag A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
HeilBerufeAusweis
health professional (identity) card
see HPC
smartcard
Host Bus Adapter
net, PC
Home Banking Computer Interface Computer-Schnittstelle für
cryptography
Specification for an automatically usable, multi-bank home banking interface that has been
Homebanking-Verfahren
developed on behalf of the German ZKA. Since version 2.1? it supports chipcard
technologies by using the CT-API. (see also FinTS) (www.hbci-zka.de)
Hardware Compatibility List
Hardware-Kompatibilitätsliste
MS
A list of tested devices supported by Microsoft OSs. (www.microsoft.com/hcl)
High-speed CMOS
Hochgeschwindigkeits-CMOS
A semiconductor technology that delivers the low power, high noise immunity of CMOS at the chip
speed performance of Low Power Schottky at a low price.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
HD
Long Term Equivalent
Hard Disk
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Festplatte
HD
HD
High Definition
High Density
hohe Definition
hohe (Speicher-)Dichte
HD DVD
HDCP
HDCP
High Density DVD
High Definition Copy Protection
High-bandwidth Digital Content
Protection
Hard Disk Drive
High-level Data Link Control
DVD mit hoher (Speicher-)Dichte
hoch definierter Kopierschutz
Schutz für digitale Inhalte mit hoher
Bandbreite
Festplattenlaufwerk
Datenverbindungskontrolle auf hoher
Ebene
HDMI
High Definition Multimedia
Interface
Multimedia-Schnittstelle hoher
Definition
HDML
Handheld Device Markup
Language
Auszeichnungssprache für in der
Hand zu haltende Geräte
HDR
HDTV
HDV
High Dynamic Range
High Definition TV
High Definition Video
Hochzeilenfernsehen
Hochzeilenvideo
A high-resolution TV standard, which is part of the group of digital TV standards.
A consumer high-definition digital video format developed by Canon, Sharp, Sony, and JVC
with 1280 x 720 pixels (16:9 format) or 1280 x 960 pixels (4:3 format).
HE
HE
HE-AAC
HardwareEinheit
HöhenEinheit
High Efficiency AAC
rack unit
hoch effiziente AAC
HF
HF
Have Fun
High Frequency
Viel Spaß!
hohe Frequenz oder Hochfrequenz
HFC
Hybrid Fiber Coaxial
Glasfaser-Koaxial-Hybrid
see RU
An audio compression technology that is part of the MPEG-4 standard. It has been selected
by the DVD Forum as the audio codec for the ROM-Zone of DVD audio discs.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A range of the RF spectrum with frequencies from 3 MHz to 30 MHz, corresponding to
wavelengths in the free space between 100 m and 10 m.
A flexible access and transmission system, combining coaxial and fiber-optic cable. It offers
increased bandwidth, supports simultaneous analog and digital transmission and all current
and emerging transmission technologies (ATM, frame relay, SONET).
HFPA
HFS
Haupt-, Finanz- und
PersonalAusschuss
Hierarchical File System
hierarchisches Dateisystem
HGI
Horst Götz Institut
[Eigenname / proper name]
HHI
HHIS
Hi-Fi
Heinrich-Hertz-Institut
Head Hanging In Shame
HIgh FIdelity
[Eigenname / proper name]
den Kopf beschämt gesenkt
hohe Wiedergabetreue
HDD
HDLC
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
One or more rigid magnetic disks rotating about a central axle with associated read/write
heads and electronics, used to store data.
see HDTV
The designation for high-density diskettes, e.g. the 5 1/4 inch 1.2 MB and 3 1/2 inch 1.44 MB
floppies.
Rarely used instead of 'High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection' (see above).
A specification from Intel for protecting copyrighted digital (video) content that uses the DVI
by encrypting its transmission between the video source and the digital display (receiver).
A disk drive used to read and write data on a hard disk. (see HD)
A bit-oriented, synchronous, link layer, data-framing, flow control, and error detection and
correction protocol. Uses a header with control information and a trailing cyclic redundancy
check character (which is usually 16 or 32 bits in length).
An industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface between any
audio/video source, such as a set-top box, DVD player, and A/V receiver and an audio and/or
video monitor, such as a digital television. (www.hdmi.org)
A specialized version of HTML designed to enable wireless pagers, cellphones and other
handheld devices to obtain information from Web pages. It was developed by Phone.com
(now Openwave Systems) before the WAP specification was standardized.
Context
memory, PC
telecom
memory
memory, PC
graphic
graphic
memory, PC
net
general
markup
graphic
telecom
graphic
PC
general
compression,
standard
slang
telecom
telecom
Erlangen
A file organization method that stores data in a top-to-bottom organization structure (like a
tree). Almost every OS stores data and programs in a HFS (including Macintosh).
A German institute for security in IT at the Ruhr-university Bochum. It is named after its
sponsor, the founder of Utimaco AG. (www.hgi.ruhr-uni-bochum.de)
The Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications in Berlin. (www.hhi.fraunhofer.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Equipment for the reproduction of sound with high fidelity.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
PC, Unix
security
telecom
slang
general
Seite 78 von 207
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Acronym
HID
Long Term Equivalent
Human Interface Device
HIPAA
HL7
HLLAPI
Health Insurance Portability and
Accountability Act
Hurd of Interfaces Representing
Depth
Hospital Information System
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of ~
Haushalts-, Kassen-,
Rechnungswesen
Health Level Seven
High Level Language API
hm
HMA
Heard and McDonald Islands
High Memory Area
HMAC
Hash Message Authentication
Code
HMD
HMD
HMP
hn
HND
HOAS
HOB
Head Mounted Display
Heard and McDonald Islands
Host Monitoring Protocol
Honduras
Honduras
Hold On A Second
Hierarchical Operational Binding
HOB
HOBDBM
HOBLink
HomePNA
HOrst Brandstätter
HOB DataBase Manager
HOB Link
HOME Phoneline Networking
Alliance
HON
HOW R U
HP
HP-UX
HPC
Honduras
HOW aRe You?
Hewlett-Packard
Hewlett-Packard UniX
Health Professional Card
HIRD
HIS
hk
HKG
HKJ
HKR
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:48
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Gerät mit Schnittstelle zum Menschen A peripheral device that enables humans to input data or interact directly with a computer,
such as with a mouse, keyboard, joystick, or graphics tablet.
Context
PC
law
'HURD' von Schnittstellen, die Tiefe
darstellen
Krankenhaus-Informationssystem
Hong-Kong
Hong-Kong
Jordanien
budget, cash management,
accounting
see HURD
Unix
The ancient country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Procedures and software dealing with the management of budget, cash and accounting in a economy,
public administration in Germany.
government
standard
(www.hl7.de, www.hl7.org)
Hochsprachen-API
An IBM programming interface that allows a PC application to communicate with a mainframe IBM, program
application. The hardware hookup is handled via normal 3270 emulation.
Heard- und MacDonald-Inseln
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
hoher Speicherbereich
In PCs, the first 64 KB of extended memory (> 1 MB) from 1024 KB to 1088 KB, which can be memory, PC
accessed by DOS. It is managed by the HIMEM.SYS driver.
cryptography
NachrichtenprüfsummeA mechanism for message authentication using any iterative cryptographic hash function
Beglaubigungscode
(e.g. MD5, SHA-1) in combination with a secret shared key. Its cryptographic strength
depends on the properties of the underlying hash function.
am Kopf befestigte Anzeige
graphic
Heard- und MacDonald-Inseln
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Host-Überwachungsprotokoll
Internet
It is used to collect measurements and statistics information from the gateways. [RFC 869]
Honduras
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Honduras
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
warte mal eine Sekunde
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
hierarchische betriebsfähige Bindung The mechanism for managing how subtrees in a X.500 directory are tied together. It
database
establishes an administrative relationship between two DSAs, one of which holds an
immediately superior subtree, and the other holds an immediately subordinate subtree.
[Eigenname / proper name]
Software-Firma, gegründet vom Firmeninhaber gleichen Namens von geobra (Playmobil).
company, HOB
Datenbank Manager von HOB
Datenbankverwaltungsprogramm von HOB
database, HOB
HOB Verbindung
Namensbestandteil zahlreicher Connectivity-Produkte von HOB
HOB
net, PC
Allianz für Heimnetzwerke über
An industry standard for interconnecting computers within a home using existing telephone
Telefonleitungen
lines and registered jack. It allows data transmission at a rate of 10 Mbps over a standard
telephone line's home wiring system using the Ethernet protocol.
Honduras
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Wie geht es dir?
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
[Eigenname / proper name]
company, HP
A major computer manufacturer from the USA. (www.hp.com)
[Eigenname / proper name]
The version of UNIX running on HP workstations. It conforms to XPG4, SVID and POSIX.
HP, Unix
Heiberufeausweis oder Karte für
A contact based smartcard for accredited health professionals to gain access to patient data. smartcard
Berufstätige im Gesundheitswesen
In Germany it will also contain keys for qualified electronic signatures. (see SigG)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 79 von 207
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Acronym
HPC
Glossar - Abkü
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Long Term Equivalent
High-Performance Computing or
Computer
High-Precision Event Timer
High Performance File System
HP Graphics Language
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Hochleistungsrechner
Meaning
High-speed computing, which typically refers to supercomputers and clusters used in
scientific research.
bes. leistungsfähiges Dateisystem
HP Grafiksprache
HPR
High Performance Routing or
Router
Hochleistungs-Router
hr
HR
HRU
HRV
HSC
Croatia (Hrvatska)
Human Resources
How aRe You?
Croatia (Hrvatska)
Homeland Security Committee
Kroatien
Personalwesen
Wie geht es dir?
Kroatien
Heimatschutzkomitee
HSCSD
The native file system for IBM's OS/2 (and in 1989 also Windows NT) coexists with FAT.
IBM
graphic
A vector graphics language used by HP plotters. It is part of HP's PCL Level 5 page
description language.
net
High performance routing is a set of enhancements for APPN that meets the following
requirements: improved APPN data routing, improved APPN reliability, functional equivalence
and seamless migration.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
A division of an organization concerned with personnel.
enterprise
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
A committee "to provide the (US) President's Homeland Security Advisory Council with advice security
from local and state government about strengthening security". (hsc.house.gov)
telecom
An enhancement to the GSM mobile communications system that enables up to four 14.4
Kbps channels to be combined to provide 57.6 Kbps data transfer.
telecom
HSUPA
High Speed Circuit Switched Data mit Hochgeschwindigkeit
leitungsvermittele Daten
High Speed Downlink Packet
Access
company
Hsh Soft- und Hardware vertriebs HSH Soft- and Hardware distribution A German company that provides software for local authorities concerning registration of
gmbh
Ltd.
residents, foreigners and industry. (www.hsh-berlin.com)
Hierarchical Storage Management hierarchische Speicherverwaltung
IBM, memory
The automatic movement of files from hard disk to slower, less-expensive storage media.
HSM software constantly monitors hard disk capacity and moves data from one storage level
to the next based on age, category and other criteria.
Host or Hardware Security Module Host- oder HardwareA hardware device used for storing keys and performing cryptographic functions under control cryptography
Sicherheitsmodul
of a host computer.
Homeland Security Operations
An US governmental organization that "serves as the nation’s nerve center for information
organization,
Center
sharing and domestic incident management - dramatically increasing the vertical coordination security
between federal, state, territorial, tribal, local, and private sector partners."
Hypersonic SQL
Ultraschall-SQL
database
A SQL relational database engine written in Java. It has a JDBC driver and supports a rich
subset of ANSI-92 SQL plus SQL 99 and 2003 enhancements. (hsql.sourceforge.net,
hsqldb.sourceforge.net)
HSQL DataBase engine
HSQL Datenbank-Antrieb
see HSQL
database
Hot Standby Router or Routing
Protokoll für sofort bereitstehende
A protocol by Cisco that provides high network availability and transparent network topology Cisco, net
Router
changes. (A lead router is monitored by other routers in a group, and if it fails, one of these
Protocol
standby routers inherits the lead position.)
High Speed Uplink Packet Access
telecom
ht
HT
HT
HT
HTH
Haiti
Horizontal Tab
Hyper-Threading
Hyper-Transport ?
Hope This Helps
HPET
HPFS
HPGL
HSDPA
HSH
HSM
HSM
HSOC
HSQL
HSQLDB
HSRP
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Context
general
Haiti
horizontalrer Tabulator
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A control code in the ASCII code: Horizontal tabulator (next column).
country, TLD
ASCII
PC, processor
ich hoffe das hilft
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
HTI
HTML
Long Term Equivalent
Haiti
HyperText Markup Language
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Haiti
Sprache z. Hypertext-Auszeichnung
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol
Hypertext-Übertragungsprotokoll
HTTPS
HTTP Secure or SSL
HTTP sicher oder SSL
hu
HUN
HURD
HV
HW
Hz
I
i-Mode
Hungary
Hungary
Hird of Unix-Replacing Daemons
and Hurd of Interfaces
Representing Depth
HaVe
HardWare
HertZ
Italy
Internet or Information ? MODE
Ungarn
Ungarn
'HIRD' von Dämonen, die Unix
ersetzen und 'HURD' von Tiefe
repräsentierenden Schnittstellen
haben
Hardware (wörtlich: harte Ware)
[Eigenname / proper name]
Italien
[Eigenname / proper name]
i.A.u.f.R.
i.d.F.
i.e.
i.S.v.
im Auftrag und für Rechnung
in der Fassung
Id Est (Latin)
im Sinne von
I/O
i18n
i386
Input/Output
internationalization (i - 18 other
letters - n)
Intelligent I/O
International Information Security
Foundation
Intel 80386
i486
i586
i686
IA
Intel 80486
Intel Pentium (instead of 80586)
Intel P6 (instead of 80686)
Information Appliance
I2O
I2SF
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:48
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A hypertext document format and authoring language used on the WWW . It is built on top of
SGML and defines the structure/layout of a Web document by tags and attributes.
The client-server TCP/IP protocol used on the WWW for the exchange of HTML documents.
It conventionally uses port 80. [RFC 1945, 2068, 2616]
The leading secure Web protocol developed by Netscape encrypts and decrypts user page
requests as well as the pages that are returned by the Web server and provides server
authentication. It just uses Netscape's SSL as a sublayer under the regular HTTP application
layering on top of TCP/IP with port 443 instead of HTTP port 80.
Context
country
markup
Internet
cryptography,
Internet
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The GNU project's replacement for the Unix kernel is a collection of servers that run on the
Mach microkernel to implement file systems, network protocols, file access control, and other
features that are implemented by the Unix kernel. (www.gnu.org/software/hurd)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Machinery and equipment (CPU, disks, tapes, modem, cables, etc.).
The frequency of vibrations (cycles) per second. 1 Hz is equal to one cycle per second.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
The packet-based information service (Web browsing, e-mail etc.) for mobile phones from
NTT DoCoMo. Unlike most of the key players in the wireless arena, i-Mode eschews WAP
and uses a simplified version of HTML, CHTML, instead of WAP's WML.
by order and for account of
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
in the version
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
das heißt
A common Latin abbreviation in English that means 'that is'.
within the meaning of or in terms of or German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
for the purpose(s) of
Eingabe/Ausgabe
Every transfer of data is an output from one device and an input into another.
Internationalisierung
The process of preparing software to support any language without cultural contents.
country, TLD
country
Unix
intelligente I/O
internationale Stiftung für
Informationssicherheit
[Eigenname / proper name]
PC
organization,
security
PC, processor
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
Informationsgerät
A standard for offloading input and output to an auxiliary processor.
see IISF
A common abbreviation for any of the Intel 80386 (SX, DX) range of CPUs or compatibles.
The successor to the 80286 microprocessor was the first Intel processor with 32-bit data and
address busses. It may also refer to all 32-bit members of the Intel x86 family.
A common abbreviation for any of the Intel 80486 (SX, DX) range of CPUs or compatibles.
A common abbreviation for any of the Intel Pentium range (P5) of CPUs or compatibles.
see P6
A consumer device that performs only a few targeted tasks and is controlled by a simple
touch-screen interface or push buttons on the device's enclosure.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
slang
general
unit
country
telecom
slang
slang
general
slang
PC
general
PC, processor
PC, processor
PC, processor
general
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Acronym
IA
Long Term Equivalent
Information Assurance
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Informationszusicherung
Meaning
Context
IOs that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, security
integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. This includes providing for
restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction
capabilities.
IA-32
IA-64
Intel Architecture 32 Bit
Intel Architecture 64 Bit
Intel-Architektur 32 Bit
Intel-Architektur 64 Bit
IAB
Internet Activities or Architecture
Board
IndustrieAnlagenBetriebsGesellschaft mbH
In Any Case
International Association for
Computer Systems Security
Institut für Angewandte
Informationsverarbeitung und
Kommunikation
Information Analysis and
Infrastructure Protection
Internet-Aktivitäten-Kommission
The 32-bit architecture used in Intel's Pentium chips (but also 80386 and 80486).
PC, processor
The 64-bit architecture used in Intel's next-generation family of CPU chips (Itanium, formerly PC, processor
Merced). It is designed for fast parallel instruction execution and expected in 2001.
The governing body of the Internet, responsible for looking at the "big picture" of it.
Internet
Internet Assigned Numbers
Authority
I Am Not A Lawyer
Information Awareness Office
Internet-Behörde für die NummernZuweisung
ich bin kein Rechtsanwalt
Büro für Informationsbewusstsein
IABG
IAC
IACSS
IAIK
IAIP
IANA
IANAL
IAO
IAS
IAS
IASB
IASC
IATFF
IB
IB
industrial plant operating company
plc.
auf jeden Fall
internationale Vereinigung für
Sicherheit von Computersystemen
Institute for Applied Information
Processing and Communications
Informationsanalyse und
Infrastrukturschutz
A scientific-technical services company in Germany that was founded in 1961 by the German
federal ministry of defense originally for the aerospace industry. (www.iabg.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An organization of computer systems security professionals providing a certification program,
publications, workshops, seminars, and consulting services. (www.iacss.com)
A research institute of the Graz University of Technology with the areas applied research
(computer networking, embedded systems, system-on-chip design, computer security,
information security), advisory board, and teaching. (www.iaik.at) (see also SIC)
The responsibility of the US DHS "to identify and assess ... threats to the homeland, map
those threats against ... current vulnerabilities, inform the President, issue timely warnings,
and immediately take or effect appropriate preventive and protective action". (www.dhs.gov)
see ICANN (www.iana.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A part of DARPA that "will imagine, develop, apply, integrate, demonstrate and transition
information technologies, components and prototype, closed-loop, information systems that
will counter asymmetric threats by achieving total information awareness useful for
preemption; national security warning; and ... decision making." (www.darpa.mil/iao)
Identification, Authentication and
electronic Signature
Identifizierung, Authentifizierung und The set of processes, data and technology agreements required in a given environment to
elektronische Unterschrift
provide identification, authentication and electronic signature services. These are basic
functions of an interoperable smart card application. (see eEpoch, eESC, GIF, OSCIE)
International Accounting Standards internationale Buchführungsregeln
"A single set of high quality, understandable and enforceable global accounting standards
that require transparent and comparable information in general purpose financial statements"
developed by the IASB (resp. IASC). (www.iasc.org.uk)
International Accounting Standards Gremium für internationale
An independent, privately-funded accounting standard setter based in the UK with members
Board
Buchführungsregeln
from nine countries. It is developing a set of global accounting standards that require
transparent, comparable information in financial statements. (www.iasc.org.uk)
International Accounting Standards Komitee für internationale
The predecessor organization of the IASB. (www.iasc.org.uk)
Committee
Buchführungsregeln
Information Assurance Technical Forum für einen technischen Rahmen A "NSA sponsored outreach activity created to foster dialog amongst US government
Framework Forum
für Informationszusicherung
agencies, US industry, and US academia seeking to provide their customers solutions for
information assurance problems". (www.iatf.net)
amt für Internation. Beziehungen office for international relations
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 160)
I'm Back
ich bin zurück
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
company
slang
organization,
security
company,
security
security
Internet,
standard
slang
government,
security
smartcard
economy,
standard
economy,
organization,
standard
economy,
organization
organization,
security
Nuremberg
slang
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Acronym
iBCS2
IBIPGW0x
IBM
iBook
Long Term Equivalent
Intel Binary Compatibility
Specification 2
Intel Batch IP Gateway 0x
International Business Machines
no acronym or abbreviation!
IC
IC
I C (for see)
Integrated Circuit
ICA
Independent Computing
Architecture (originally: Intelligent
Console Architecture)
Internet CALendar (iCalendar)
Internet Corporation for Assigned
Names and Numbers
iCAL
ICANN
ICAP
ICBW
ICC
ICCB
ICCSN
ICE
ICF
ICMP
ICQ
ICR
ICRA
ICRL
Glossar - Abkü
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(Literal) Translation {to German}
Intels Spezifikation 2 für
Binärkompatibilität
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
Meaning
An emulator that allows binaries (i.e. proprietary application programs) from other Unix
systems (mainly System V and SCO Unix) to be run under Linux.
An IP gateway running on Intel based computers developed by K. Brandstätter of HOB.
The world largest computer manufacturer invented mainframe and PC. (www.ibm.com)
A consumer-based laptop computer from Apple that is the portable counterpart to the iMac
desktop PC. It was introduced in 1999.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
ich sehe oder verstehe
integrierter Schaltkreis
Another name for a chip, an IC is a small electronic device with many interconnected
transistors and other components. It is made out of a semiconductor material.
unabhängige Rechnerarchitektur
The presentation services protocol from Citrix that governs input/output between the client
ursprünglich: intelligente
and the server. It has enhanced features compared to RDP from Microsoft. (used by
MetaFrame, originally named pICAsso, formerly WinFrame)
Konsolenarchitektur
Internet Kalender
A standard format for group calendaring and scheduling from the IETF. [RFC 2445]
Internet-Vereinigung für zugewiesene A non-profit, international association founded in 1998 and incorporated in the US. It is the
Namen u. Nummern
successor to IANA, which manages Internet addresses, domain names and the huge number
of parameters associated with Internet protocols (port numbers, router protocols, multicast
addresses, etc.). (www.icann.org)
Internet Content Adaption Protocol Internet-Inhalt-Anpassungsprotokoll
A high-level protocol for requesting services from an Internet-based server. It provides a
common format for requesting services using standard HTTP messaging.
It Could Be Worse
es könnte schlimmer sein
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Integrated Circuit Card
Karte mit integriertem Schaltkreis
A plastic card containing an integrated circuit (, which is compatible with ISO 7816).
Internet Control and Configuration Internet-Kontroll- und Konfigurations- A predecessor to the IAB.
Board
Ausschuß
Integrated Circuit Card Serial
Seriennummer einer Karte mit einem
Number
integrierten Schaltkreis
Inter-Client Exchange (protocol)
(Protokoll zum) Austausch zwischen A framework for building inter-client protocols, allowing them to make use of common
Clients
negotiation mechanisms (authentication, byte order, version, error reporting conventions) and
to be multiplexed over a single transport connection. It is part of X11 since R6.1.
Internet Connection Firewall
Internetverbindungsfirewall
A FW software included in Windows XP from MS "that you can use to set restrictions on the
information that is communicated between your ... network and the Internet."
Internet Control Message Protocol Nachrichtenprotokoll für KontrollA TCP/IP protocol used to send error and control messages. It permits routers to inform other
funktrionen im Internet
routers or hosts of IP routing problems or suggested better routes. It is also used by the ping
utility to verify the existence of an IP address. [RFC 792, 950]
onomatopoeic for 'I seek you'
lautmalerisch für'I seek you' (ich
A proprietary conferencing program (IM) for the Internet from Mirabilis. It provides interactive
chat, e-mail and file transfer and can alert you when someone on your predefined list has
suche Dich)
also come online. (web.icq.com)
Intelligent or Image Character
The machine recognition of hand-printed characters as well as machine printing that is
difficult to recognize.
Recognition
International Content Rating
Internationale Vereinigung zur
"An international, independent organization that empowers the public ... to make ... decisions
Association
Inhaltsbewertung
about electronic media by means of the ... labelling of content." (www.icra.org)
Indirect CRL
indirekte CRL
In X.509, a CRL that may contain certificate revocation notifications for certificates issued by
CAs other than the issuer of the ICRL.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
Unix
HOB
company, IBM
Apple, PC
slang
chip
Citrix, net
Internet
Internet,
organization,
standard
Internet
slang
chip, smartcard
net
smartcard
X11
MS, security
Internet
Internet
organization
cryptography
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Acronym
ICS
Glossar - Abkü
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Long Term Equivalent
International Classification for
Standards
International Computer Security
Association
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Internationales Ordnungsschema für
Normen
Internationaler Verband für
Computersicherheit
Meaning
A scheme that "serves as a structure for catalogues of international, regional and national
standards and other normative documents, and as a basis for standing-order systems."
A company (in the past a membership organization) that "is the worldwide leader in security
assurance services for Internet-connected companies". (www.icsa.net)
ICSF
Integrated Cryptographic Service
Facility
integrierte Einrichtung für
kryptographische Dienste
ICT
ICTSB
Information and Communication
Technology
ICT Standards Board
Informations- und
Kommunikationstechnologie (IuK[T])
Normierungsgremium für IuKTechnologien
A licensed program that runs under OS/390 and provides access to the hardware
cryptographic feature for programming applications. The combination of the hardware
cryptographic feature and ICSF provides secure high-speed cryptographic services.
The (study of the) technology used to handle information and aid communication.
ICV
Integrity Check Value
Integritäts-Prüfwert
ID
Identity or Identifier or Identification (Feld-)Name oder Bezeichner oder
Kennzeichnung
Indonesia
Indonesien
Interchange of Data between
Datenaustausch zwischen
Administrations
Verwaltungen
ICSA
id
IDA
IDA eLink
(see IDA and eLink)
(siehe IDA und eLink)
IDABC
Interoperable Delivery of paneuropean egovernment services to
public Administrations, Businesses
and Citizens
Interoperabilität europaweiter
elektronischer Behördendienste für
öffentliche Verwaltungen,
Unternehmen und Bürger
IDC
IDC
International Data Corporation
Internet Database Connector
IDE
Integrated Development
Environment
Integrated Drive Electronics
International Data Encryption
Algorithm
internationale Datengesellschaft
Internet-DatenbankVerknüpfungssoftware
integrierte Entwicklungsumgebung
IDE
IDEA
identrus
IDENtity and TRUSt
IDF
Intel Developer Forum
IDK
I Don't Know
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
An initiative from the three recognized European standards organizations CEN, CENELEC,
and ETSI, with the participation of specification providers as partners to co-ordinate
specification activities in the field of ICT. (www.ictsb.org)
Usually, an HMAC algorithm using either MD5 or SHA-1 hash functions, but possibly also a
DES-MAC or HMAC-RIPEMD algorithm. Also: The hash value obtained by it.
Unique number or string that denotes an object like an user, a device, a field etc.
Context
standard
company,
Internet,
security
cryptography,
IBM
general
organization,
standard
cryptography
general
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
government, net
"A European Commission driven strategic initiative using advances in information and
communications technology to support rapid electronic exchange of information between
Member State administrations." (europa.eu.int/ISPO/ida)
A "communication middleware for application to application communication, comprising the government, net
identification of remote services through a services directory and the provision of reliable and
secure transport services over proper network infrastructure" to be used for A2A in Europe.
A follow-up program to IDA that "will both continue present IDA activities and provide greater government
assistance in the delivery of pan-European eGovernment services ... as of 2005." (
europa.eu.int/ISPO/ida/jsps/index.jsp?fuseAction=showDocument&parent=news&documentID=1474
)
A major market research, analysis and consulting firm in the IT field. (www.idc.com)
A component of MS's IIS web server which is used to access ODBC-compliant databases.
company
database
A set of programs (e.g. text editor, compiler and debugger of a programming language) that is program
run from a single user interface with a common menu for all programs.
integrierte Laufwerkselektronik
A type of hardware interface widely used to connect hard disks, CD-ROMs etc. to a PC.
PC
internationaler
A secret key cryptography method introduced in 1992 that uses a 128-bit key. Written by X. cryptography
Datenverschlüsselungsalgorithmus
Lai and J. Massey in Switzerland, it uses the block cipher method which breaks the text into
64-bit blocks before encrypting them.
Identität und Vertrauen [Eigenname / "Identrus is the world's first global trust services organization." It provides a PKI for financial company,
institutions. (www.identrus.com)
cryptography
proper name]
Intel Entwicklerforum
A worldwide program of conferences by Intel to present new product information and visions company
to developers. (www.intel.com/idf)
ich weiß nicht
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
IDL
Long Term Equivalent
Interface Definition or Description
Language
Glossar - Abkü
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Meaning
Context
A language used to describe the interface to a routine or function. E.g., objects in the CORBA net, program
distributed object environment are defined by an IDL, which describes the services performed
by the object and how the data is to be passed to it.
IDN
Indonesia
Indonesien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
IDN(s)
Internationalized Domain Name(s) internationalisierte Domänennamen A working group of the IETF investigates the possible means to specify the requirements for Internet
internationalized access to domain names (with non-ASCII characters) and to specify a
standards track protocol based on the requirements. (see ACE) (www.i-d-n.net)
IDoc
Intermediate DOCument
Zwischendokument
A standard data structure for EDI between application programs written for the popular SAP SAP
business system or between an SAP application and an external program.
IDS
Intrusion Detection System
Sytem zum Entdecken von Eindringen A software which alerts security administrators of suspicious activity that may be occurring on security
their systems (host IDS) or networks (network IDS) in real time.
IDS
iPlanet Directory Server
[Eigenname / proper name]
The LDAP server (a directory server) from iPlanet, a Sun/Netscape alliance.
database, Sun
IDTS
I Don't Think So
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
das denke oder glaube ich nicht
IDUNNO
I Do Not kNOw
ich weiß nicht
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
IDV
Individuelle DatenVerarbeitung
individual data processing
general
Die selbständige, dezentrale Datenverarbeitung durch Endbenutzer ohne Nutzung eines
Rechenzentrums mit Hilfe von PCs und für Endbenutzer geeigneter Standardsoftware.
iDVD
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
An application program by Apple for its Mac OS X computers that helps to create own DVDs. Apple
(www.apple.com/idvd)
IE
Internet Explorer
Internet-Kundschafter
Microsoft's Web browser. It enables the user to view Web pages. It supports ActiveX.
Internet, MS
ie
Ireland
Irland
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
IEC
standard
International Electrotechnical
Internationale elektrotechnische
Its mission is to promote international co-operation on all questions of standardization and
Commission
Kommission
related matters, such as the assessment of conformity to standards, in the fields of electricity,
electronics and related technologies. (www.iec.ch)
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and
Institut von Elektrik- und
A non-profit membership organization similar to the German VDE that includes engineers,
organization,
Electronics Engineers
Elektronikingenieuren
scientists and students in electronics and allied fields. It is involved with setting standards. ( standard
www.ieee.org)
IEEE 1394 IEEE 1394 (also named FireWire [Eigenname / proper name]
A Macintosh/IBM PC serial bus interface standard offering high-speed communications (of up PC, standard
to 400 Mbps) and isochronous real-time data services for up to 63 external devices.
or iLink)
IEEE 802
IEEE 802
[Eigenname / proper name]
net, standard
IEEE standards for LANs and MANs. The IEEE specification for LANs breaks the data link
layer into two sublayers: the LLC and MAC.
IEEE 802.1 IEEE 802.1
[Eigenname / proper name]
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Covers network management, etc.
net, standard
IEEE 802.11
[Eigenname / proper name]
IEEE
Part of the IEEE 802 standards with a family of specifications for wireless LAN technology (an net, standard
802.11
over-the-air interface between a wireless client and a base station or between two wireless
clients). It provides 1 or 2 Mbps transmission in the 2.4 GHz band.
IEEE 802.11
[Eigenname / proper name]
net, standard
IEEE
An extension to IEEE 802.11 that provides up to 54 Mbps in the 5 GHz band. It uses an
802.11a
orthogonal frequency division multiplexing encoding scheme.
IEEE 802.11
[Eigenname / proper name]
net, standard
IEEE
An extension to IEEE 802.11 that provides 11 Mbps transmission (with a fallback to 5.5, 2
802.11b
and 1 Mbps) in the 2.4 GHz band. It uses only DSSS and allows wireless functionality
comparable to Ethernet. Also referred to as 802.11 High Rate or Wi-Fi.
IEEE 802.11
[Eigenname / proper name]
An extension to IEEE 802.11 that provides 20+ Mbps in the 2.4 GHz band.
net, standard
IEEE
802.11g
IEEE 802.11
[Eigenname / proper name]
IEEE
It provides DCS and TPC for devices operating in the 5 GHz band (802.11a) and addresses net, standard
802.11h
by this the requirements of the European regulatory bodies.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Schnittstellendefinitionssprache
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
IEEE
802.11i
IEEE
802.16
IEEE 802.2
Long Term Equivalent
IEEE 802.11
Glossar - Abkü
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Meaning
Context
An extension to IEEE 802.11 that provides enhanced security features in the MAC layer (with cryptography,
stronger encryption techniques compared to WEP). (see TKIP)
net, standard
IEEE 802.16
[Eigenname / proper name]
net, standard
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. A group of broadband wireless communications standards
for MANs. It provides a viable last mile technology. (see WiMAX)
IEEE 802.2
[Eigenname / proper name]
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Specifies the LLC (the upper portion of the data link layer) for net, standard
LANs.
IEEE 802.3 IEEE 802.3
[Eigenname / proper name]
net, standard
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Specifies the MAC (data link sub-)layer for CSMA/CD
Ethernet.
IEEE 802.3u
[Eigenname / proper name]
IEEE
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Specifies the MAC (data link sub-)layer for Fast Ethernet with net, standard
802.3u
100 Mbps. Relevant are 100BaseT, 100BaseFX and 100BaseVG.
IEEE 802.3z IEEE 802.3z
[Eigenname / proper name]
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Specifies the MAC (data link sub-)layer for Gigabit Ethernet net, standard
with 1 Gbps.
IEEE 802.4 IEEE 802.4
[Eigenname / proper name]
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Specifies the MAC (data link sub-)layer for Token Bus.
net, standard
IEEE 802.5 IEEE 802.5
[Eigenname / proper name]
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Specifies the MAC (data link sub-)layer for Token Ring.
net, standard
IEEE 802.6 IEEE 802.6
[Eigenname / proper name]
Part of the IEEE 802 standards. Specifies the MAC (data link sub-)layer for DQDB MAN.
net, standard
IEEE P1363 IEEE P1363
[Eigenname / proper name]
An IEEE working group developing a comprehensive reference standard for asymmetric
cryptography,
cryptography. It covers discrete logarithm (e.g. DSA), elliptic curve, and integer factorization standard
(e.g. RSA); and covers key agreement, digital signature, and encryption.
IESD
Integrated Electronic Service
integriertes, elektronisches Erbringen A framework by Software AG for the public sector with elements of CRM, CMS and WMS. It government
Delivery
einer Dienstleistung
was designed "to meet the specific business requirements of assisted service delivery via call
centres and one-stop shops and self service delivery via the Internet and kiosks."
IESG
Internet
Internet Engineering Steering
technischer InternetThe leadership of the IETF. Its basic purposes are to ratify or correct the output from the
Group
Lenkungsausschuß
IETF's WGs. (www.ietf.org/iesg.html)
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force
Internet
Sondereinheit für Technik /
The group that determines new protocols and application requirements for the Internet. (
Organisation des Internets
www.ietf.org)
IFA
Internationale FunkAusstellung
international radio exhibition
general
The world's largest CE exhibition takes place in Berlin, Germany. (www.ifa-berlin.de)
IFCC
Internet Fraud Complaint Center
Beschwerdezentrum für InternetA partnership between the FBI and the US National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C) that government,
Betrug
addresses fraud committed over the Internet. (www.ifccfbi.gov)
security
IFD
InterFace Device
Schnittstellengerät
smartcard
A terminal, communication device, or machine to which an ICC is electrically connected
during operation. Mostly it refers to a PC peripheral device that supports bidirectional I/O to
an ISO 7816 standard ICC.
IFL
Integrated Facility for Linux
integrierte Einheit für Linux
An optional facility for IBM's mainframes that adds processing capacity exclusively for running IBM, Unix
Linux. The instruction set is fully binary-compatible with other S/390 processors, but the
microcode won't let it run IBM's OS390 or VM software.
IFPI
International Federation of the
internationale Vereinigung der
An organization representing the international recording industry. It comprises a membership organization
Phonographic Industry
phonographischen Industrie
of 1400 record producers and distributors in 76 countries. (www.ifpi.org)
IFR
InterFace Repository
Schnittstellenbehälter
The CORBA service (server) that stores meta-data about IDL interfaces.
net, program
ifrOSS
Institut Für Rechtsfragen der freien institute for questions of law of free
"Ein privates Institut, welches es sich zum Ziel gesetzt hat, die rasante Entwicklung der freien law,
und Open Source Software
and open source software
Software in rechtswissenschaftlicher Hinsicht zu begleiten." (www.ifross.de)
organization
IFS
Installable File System
Installierbares Dateisystem
MS
A file system that can be added to an OS that is designed to handle multiple file systems.
Multiple file systems allow different types of file structures to be accessed. Different systems
can be installed (UNIX etc.) just like drivers for new peripherals.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
[Eigenname / proper name]
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Acronym
IFSMgr
Long Term Equivalent
IFS Manager
(Literal) Translation {to German}
IFS Verwalter
IG2R
IGF
IGMP
I Got To Run
Internet Governance Forum
Internet Group Management
Protocol
ich muß mich beeilen
IGP
IGP
Integrated Graphics Processor
Interior Gateway Protocol
IGRP
Protokoll zur Handhabung von
(Arbeits-)gruppen im Internet
integrierter Grafik-Prozessor
inneres Protokoll für
Netzverbindungsrechner
Interior Gateway Routing Protocol inneres Protokoll für wegwählende
Netzverbindungsrechner
IHA
Internet Home Alliance
Internet-Heim-Allianz
IHK
Industrie- und HandelsKammer
chamber of industry and commerce
IHV
Independent Hardware Vendor
unabhängiger Hardware-Händler
IIA
Institute of Internal Auditors
Institut interner (oder
innerbetrieblicher) Prüfer
IID
IIOP
Interface ID
Internet Inter-ORB Protocol
Schnittstellenbezeichner
Internet Inter-Objekt-NachfrageVermittlungsprotokoll
IIPA
International Intellectual Property
Alliance
internationale Allianz für geistiges
Eigentum
IIR
Institute for International Research Institut für internationale Forschung
IIRC
IIS
If I Remember Correctly
Internet Information Server
IISF or I2SF International Information Security
Foundation
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
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Meaning
The driver that provides the 32-bit file system for Windows for Workgroups and Windows
95/98. It also uses a "helper" file called IFSHLP.SYS which, among other things, translates
16-bit to 32-bit calls.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(www.intgovforum.org)
It is a standard protocol with STD number 5 which also includes IP and ICMP. Note: IP and
ICMP are required. IGMP is best regarded as an extension to ICMP and occupies the same
place in the IP protocol stack. [RFC 1112, 1054]
A broad category of routing protocols that support a single, confined geographic area such as
a LAN. [RFC 1074, 1371]
A proprietary routing protocol from Cisco that was developed in 1988 to overcome the
shortcomings of RIP. IGRP takes bandwidth, latency, reliability and current traffic load into
consideration. It is typically used within an autonomous system.
It "is dedicated to advancing the home technology market by helping member companies
build a market for products and services that require a broadband or persistent Internet
connection." (www.internethomealliance.com)
All German companies registered in Germany, with the exception of handicraft businesses,
the free professions and farms, are required by law to join a chamber. It represents the
interests of all commercial enterprises in a specific area. (www.ihk.de)
An organization that makes electronic equipment. It implies a company that specializes in a
niche area (e.g. components), rather than a computer systems manufacturer.
An international professional association, organized on a worldwide basis, dedicated to the
promotion and development of the practice of internal auditing (including governance and
internal control, IT audit, education, and security). (www.theiia.org)
The unique, real name that identifies an interface (which is used in COM).
The CORBA message protocol used on a TCP/IP network. IIOP links CORBA's GIOP to
TCP/IP. When a user accesses a Web page that uses a CORBA object, a small Java applet
is downloaded into the Browser, which invokes the ORB to pass data to the object, execute
the object and get the results back.
Context
MS
slang
Internet
Internet
PC, processor
Internet
net
Internet,
organization
economy
economy
organization,
security
MS, net
Internet,
program
"A private sector coalition formed in 1984 to represent the U.S. copyright-based industries in organization
bilateral and multilateral efforts to improve international protection of copyrighted materials." It
is comprised of six trade associations. (www.iipa.com)
company
It is "an independent, privately owned company with an international network of offices and
events in 36 countries. We deliver the very latest information to business professionals in the
form of conferences, courses, seminars, exhibitions and publications." (www.iir-global.com ,
www.iirusa.com)
wenn ich mich richtig erinnere
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Internet-Informations-Dienstprogramm Web server software from Microsoft that runs under Windows NT. It supports Netscape's SSL Internet, MS
protocol.
internationale Stiftung für
A sponsor of the GASSP committee that aims to develop and promulgate GASSP. Its intent organization,
Informationssicherheit
is to establish standards, certification, testing and coordination between public and private
security
and between US and foreign entities. (web.mit.edu/security/www/gassp1.html)
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Acronym
IKE
Long Term Equivalent
Internet or IPsec Key Exchange
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Internet Schlüsselaustausch
IKS
IL
Internes KontrollSystem
Intermediate Language
internal monitoring system
Zwischensprache
il
ILBL8
ILIAS
ILM
Israel
onomatopoeic for I'Ll Be Late
Integriertes Lern-, Informationsund ArbeitskooperationsSystem
Information Lifecycle Management
ILP
Instruction Level Parallelism
Israel
ich werde zu spät kommen
integrated system for cooperation in
learning, information and work
Verwaltung des InformationsLebenszyklus
Parallelität auf Befehlsebene
ILU
ILY
IM
IM
I Love yoU
I Love You
Instant Message
Instant Messenger or Messaging
Ich liebe Dich!
Ich liebe Dich!
Sofortnachricht
Sofortbote
im
IMA
iMac
Isle of Man
internationalized e-Mail Address
no acronym or abbreviation!
Insel Man
internationalisierte E-Mail-Adresse
[Eigenname / proper name]
IMAO
IMAP
In My Arrogant Opinion
Interactive Mail or Internet
Messaging Access Protocol
nach meiner arroganten Meinung
interaktives oder Internet e-MailZugriffsprotokoll
IMC
Internet Mail Consortium
Internet-Post-Konsortium
IMDB
In-Memory DataBase
Im-Speicher-Datenbank
IMEI
International Mobile Equipment
Identity
In My Humble Opinion
iCalendar Message-based
Interoperability Protocol
InnenMinisterKonferenz
internationale MobilausrüstungsIdentität
nach meiner bescheidenen Meinung
iCalendar Nachrichten-basiertes
Interoperabilitätsprotokoll
conference of the ministers of the
interior or of the home secretaries
IMHO
iMIP
IMK
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
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Meaning
Context
An IPsec protocol for establishing, negotiating, modifying, and deleting SAs. It combines the cryptography,
ISAKMP with the Oakley key exchange. It is intended for putting in place authenticated keying Internet
material for use with ISAKMP and for other SAs.
program
A language (also called bytecode, p-code, pseudo code or pseudo language) that is
generated from a programming source language, but that is not directly executable by a CPU.
It must be interpreted or compiled into machine language for execution. (see CIL)
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A web-based training platform. "Through a client-server system ILIAS allows users to create, general
edit and publish learning units in a single system." (www.ilias.uni-koeln.de)
memory
A family of processor and compiler design techniques that speed up execution by causing
individual machine operations to execute in parallel.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A keyboard-based type of communications service over the Internet that enables you to
create a private chat room with other individuals. It requires that all parties are online at the
same time. (Examples: see AIM, ICQ)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
An entry-level PC series from Apple introduced in 1998 that combines the computer and
screen in one unit. It is intended for home, school, and small offices.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A standard mail server expected to be widely used on the Internet. It provides a message
store that holds incoming e-mail until users log on and download it. IMAP4 is the latest
version. It is more sophisticated than the POP3 mail server. [RFC 2060]
A trade group for the Internet mail industry that hosts numerous mailing lists related to
Internet mail standards. (www.imc.org)
A relational database that keeps all active records in main memory for providing real-time
data access. It is mainly used in embedded systems.
An unique number for each mobile phone. (It is on a strip normally located behind the battery
of the handset. You can find it on most handsets by pressing the keys *#06#.)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The specification of a binding from the iCalendar transport-independent interoperability
protocol (iTIP) to Internet email-based transports (using MIME). [RFC 2447]
processor
slang
slang
slang
Internet
country, TLD
mail
Apple, PC
slang
Internet, mail
Internet, mail
database
telecom
slang
Internet, mail
government
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Acronym
IMKA
Long Term Equivalent
InterMinisterieller KoordinierungsAusschuß (für die Informationstechnik in der Bundesverwaltung)
(Literal) Translation {to German}
inter-ministerial coordinating
committee (for the information
technology in the federal
administration)
Meaning
Context
government
Er berät die obersten Bundesbehörden in IT-Angelegenheiten. Er dient als Forum für den
Erfahrungsaustausch und die Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Behörden und berät
entsprechende Entwürfe für allgemeine Regelungen und Empfehlungen zum Einsatz von IT.
IML
Information Markup Language
Informations-Auszeichnungssprache
IMNSHO
In My Not So Humble Opinion
IMO
IMP
IMS
IMS
In My Opinion
Interface Message Processor
I aM Sorry
Information Management System
nach meiner nicht so bescheidenen
Meinung
nach meiner Meinung
Schnittstellen-Nachrichtenprozessor
es tut mir leid
Information-Handhabungssystem
A superset of WML that serves as the primary GUI format (via the IML browser) for the
Simputer. It is designed to provide Internet access for people who may not be literate.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
IMS
IMSI
in
INA
INAL
INCITS
IND
info
INFOSEC
INHOPE
INS
INSERT
int
InterNIC
io
IO
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Former name of packet switches used in the ARPANET. Now known as PSN.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An IBM hierarchical DBMS for IBM mainframes running under MVS. It was widely
implemented throughout the 1970s and continues to be used. IMS/DB (IMS/DataBase) is the
database, which functions in a batch processing environment.
Internet Multicasting Service
Internet Mehrfachsendedienst
A nonprofit public research corporation that builds and maintains public works projects on the
Internet. (not.invisible.net)
International Mobile Subscriber
internationale MobilfunkA worlwide unique number within the SIM card (unknown to everyone but the provider) that
Identity or Identification
Teilnehmerkennung
identifies the subscriber of a mobile phone service to the system.
India
Indien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Indonesia
Indonesien
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
I'm Not A Lawyer
ich bin kein Rechtsanwalt
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
InterNational Committee for
Internationales Komitee für
The forum of choice for information technology developers, producers and users for the
Information Technology Standards Informationstechnologie-Normen
creation and maintenance of formal de jure IT standards. It is accredited by, and operates
under rules approved by, the ANSI. (www.incits.org)
India
Indien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
INFOrmation
Information
A generic TLD with unrestricted use.
INFOrmation SECurity
Informationssicherheit
The preservation of confidentiality, integrity and availability of information. It refers to security
measures that implement and assure security services in computer systems (i.e.,
COMPUSEC) and communication systems (i.e., COMSEC).
association of INternet HOtline
Vereinigung der Internet-Hotline"An organisation supported by the EU whose members are providers of Internet hotline
Providers in Europe
Anbieter in Europa
services dealing with illegal content on the Internet." (www.inhope.org)
Interoperable Naming Service
interoperabler Namensdienst
A CORBA service that functions like a naming service, holding bindings between humanmeaningful names and Object References (IORs). It provides additional under the covers
interoperability support between multiple ORB vendors.
INside SEcurity Rescue Toolkit
drinnen Sicherheit Rettungswerkzeug A complete, bootable Linux system with disaster recovery and network analysis tools that is
sufficiently small to fit on a credit card-sized CD-ROM. (www.inside-security.de)
INTernational
international
A generic TLD for organizations established by international treaties between governments.
INTERnet's Network Information
Netzwerkinformationszentrum des
A website operated by the ICANN "to provide the public information regarding Internet
Center
Internets
domain name registration services" (e.g. a registrar directory). (www.internic.net)
British Indian Ocean Territory
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Britisches Territorium im Indischen
Ozean
Information Operation(s)
Informationsoperationen
Actions taken to affect adversary information and information systems while defending one's
own information and information systems.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
markup
slang
slang
net
slang
database, IBM
Internet
telecom
country, TLD
country
slang
standard
country
TLD
security
Internet,
organization
net, program
security, Unix
TLD
Internet,
organization
country, TLD
security
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Acronym
IOCTL
IONA
Long Term Equivalent
Input/Output ConTroL
no acronym or abbreviation!
IOP
IOR
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(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
A company from Ireland selling middleware (see ART, ORBIX). (www.iona.com)
company
Inter-ORB Protocol
Interoperable Object Reference
[Eigenname / proper name] (of a
small island near Ireland)
Inter-ORB Protokoll
interoperable Objektbezugnahme
net, program
net, program
IOS
Internet Operating System
Internet-Betriebssystem
IOSN
IOW
IP
International Open Source Network internationales Netzwerk für offene
Quelltexte
British Indian Ocean Territory
Britisches Territorium im Indischen
Ozean
In Other Words
mit anderen Worten
Intellectual Property
geistiges Eigentum
short form for GIOP
An object reference (OR) that is understood by ORBs that can interoperate using the OMGdefined protocols GIOP and IIOP. A client can obtain an object reference using
orb.object_to_string(objRef) or as a result of an invocation on another object reference.
Cisco's OS software provides common functionality, scalability and security for all products
under the CiscoFusion architecture. It allows centralized installation and management of
networks and supports a lot of protocols, media, services, and platforms.
An initiative of the United Nations Development Program for a center of excellence for FOSS
technologies and applications in the Asia-Pacific region. (www.iosn.net)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
slang
enterprise
IP
Internet(working) Protocol
Netzübergreifendes Protokoll
IP-SLIP
IP-Serial Line Internet Protocol
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The know-how of a company, in particular patents, copyrights, and proprietary technologies
and processes that may be the basis of a its competitive advantage.
The transport layer which describes a packet format for data to pass on a network (especially
the Internet). [RFC 791]
transmission of IP over serial lines
IPC
IPC
Industrial PC
InterProcess Communication
IPCOMP
IP Payload COMpress Protocol
IPDC
Internet Protocol Device Control
Internet
IP-Internet-Protokoll f. serielle
Leitungen
Industrie-PC
A PC that is especially fit for an industrial environment (with dust, moisture etc.).
PC
Kommunikation zwischen Prozessen The exchange of data between one program and another either within the same computer or program
over a network. It implies a protocol that guarantees a response to a request.
IP-NutzdatenA protocol intended to provide lossless compression for Internet Protocol datagrams in an
compression,
Komprimierungsprotokoll
Internet environment. [RFC 2393]
Internet
Internet-Protokoll zur
A protocol for controlling media gateways developed by the Technical Advisory Committee, net
Gerätesteuerung
which was convened by Level 3 and others. It analyzes incoming data signals, in band control
signals and tones and sets up and controls the appropriate gateways. It also handles
management and reporting.
IPL
IPL
Information Processing Language
Initial Program Load(er)
Urladeprogramm
IPMI
Intelligent Platform Management
Interface
IPMP
Intellectual Property Management
and Protection
Initial Public Offering
öffentliche Erstemission, Börsengang The sale or distribution of a stock of a portfolio company to the public for the first time.
economy
Internet Printing Protocol
Internet-Druckprotokoll
A printing protocol for the Internet from the IETF that is based on the HTTP protocol.
Internet
IP Protocols Logger
Registriergerät für IP-Protokolle
"A daemon which logs IP packets sent to a computer. It runs in the background, and displays Internet, security
information about the incoming packets." (pltplp.net/ippl)
IOT
IPO
IPP
IPPL
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Schnittstelle für intelligente
Plattformverwaltung
Cisco, OS
organization
country
Internet
program
Same as boot. Also the bootstrap loader which loads the part of an OS (e.g. UNIX) needed to Unix
load the remainder of the OS. Also used for loading a configuration file into memory to
restore a working environment.
PC
A common interface to "intelligent" hardware used to monitor a server's physical health
characteristics (e.g. temperature, voltage, fans, power supplies). These capabilities provide
information that enables system management, recovery, and asset tracking.
law
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Acronym
IPRA
Long Term Equivalent
Internet Policy Registration
Authority
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Registrierungsinstanz für
Verfahrensgrundsätze im Internet
Meaning
A single root for all certification within the Internet that establishes global policies, described
in [RFC 1422], which apply to all certification effected under this hierarchy (a PKI). Beneath
IPRA root are PCAs, each of which establishes and publishes its policies for registration of
users or organizations. Each PCA is certified by the IPRA.
Context
cryptography,
Internet
IPS
Intrusion Prevention System
IP SECurity
IPSO
Internet Protocol Security Option
Internet-Protokoll-Sicherheitsoption
A further stage of an network IDS that sits inline on a network and blocks attacks, similar to a
firewall except it reacts by using IDS signatures to accept or deny access.
A security protocol from the IETF that provides authentication and encryption over the
Internet. Unlike SSL, which provides services at layer 4 and secures two applications, IPSec
works at layer 3 and secures everything in the network. It is supported by IPv6.
Refers to one of three types of IP security options, which are fields that may be added to an
IP datagram for the purpose of carrying security information about the datagram.
security
IPSec or
IPsec
System zum Verhindern von
Eindringen
IP-Sicherheit
IPTV
IPv4
IPv6
Internet Protocol TeleVision
IP version 4
IP version 6
Internet-Protokoll Fernsehen
IP Version 4
IP Version 6
IPX
Internet(work) Package or Packet
eXchange
Paketaustausch innerhalb eines
Netzwerkes
iq
IR
Iraq
InfraRed
Irak
infrarot
ir
IRC
Iran, Islamic Republic of ~
Internet Relay Chat
Iran (Islamische Republik)
Internet-Echtzeit-Plaudern
IrDA
InfraRed Data Association
IRI
IRIS
Iran, Islamic Republic of ~
Internet Risk Impact Summary
IRIX
no acronym or abbreviation!
Verband für InfrarotDaten(übertragung)
Iran (Islamische Republik)
Zusammenfassung über die
Auswirkung von Internet-Risiken
[Eigenname / proper name]
IRL
IRL
IRMC
IRN
IRQ
IRR
In Real(ity) Life
Ireland
I Rest My Case
Iran, Islamic Republic of ~
Iraq
Internet Routing Registry
IRT
Incident Response Team
im wirklichen Leben
Irland
ich schließe mein Plädoyer
Iran (Islamische Republik)
Irak
Internet-(Daten-)WegeleitungRegistratur
Reaktions-Team für Zwischenfälle
IRTF
Internet Research Task Force
Internet-Forschungssonderdezernat
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
The currently used version of the Internet Protocol (see IP). [RFC 791]
The next generation Internet protocol completed in 1997 by the IETF. It is backward
compatible with and is designed to fix the shortcomings of current IPv4, such as data security
and maximum number of user addresses. [RFC 2460 ff, {2401 ff}] (www.ipv6.org)
A network layer protocol used by the Novell NetWare OSs. Like UDP/IP, IPX is a datagram
protocol used for connectionless communications. Higher-level protocols, such as SPX and
NCP, are used for additional error recovery services.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
This part of the electromagnetic spectrum has wavelengths longer than the visible light, but
shorter than radio waves. It may be used for short-distance data transmission.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
Computer conferencing live on the Internet. IRC is structured as networks of Internet servers,
each accepting connections from client programs, one per user.
A group of device manufacturers that developed a standard for transmitting data via infrared
light waves. (www.irda.org)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A quarterly report by ISS that reviews vulnerabilities, threats and major Internet-related
events like security incidents.
A UNIX-based OS from SGI (based on System V R4) that is used in its computer systems
from desktop to supercomputer. It integrates the X Window system with OpenGL and it is
optimized for applications that use 3-D visualization.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The union of a growing number of world-wide routing policy databases using RPSL syntax.
A team of experts who are qualified and authorized to handle (security) incidents in an
organization.
A group of people working on research problems related to TCP/IP and the Internet.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
cryptography,
Internet
Internet, security
telecom
Internet
Internet, security
net, Novell
country, TLD
general
country, TLD
Internet
organization,
PC
country
security
OS, SGI, Unix
slang
country
slang
country
country
database, net
security
Internet
Seite 91 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
IRTP
is
IS
IS
ISA
ISA
ISAC
ISACA
ISAKMP
ISAM
ISC
(ISC)2
ISCA
iSCSI
ISD
ISDN
ISE
iSeries
ISIS
ISIS-MTT
ISL
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
Internet Reliable Transaction
Protocol
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
zuverlässiges Internet-Dialogprotokoll It is a transport level protocol that provides reliable, sequenced delivery of packets of data
between hosts and multiplexes/demultiplexes streams of packets from/to user processes
representing ports. [RFC 938]
Iceland
Island
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
Information System
Informationssystem
The entire infrastructure, organization, personnel, and components for the collection,
processing, storage, transmission, display, dissemination, and disposition of information.
Information Systems
Informationssysteme
Formal title for a data processing department. Other titles are Information Processing, ~
Services, ~ Technology, Management Information Systems or ~~ Services.
Industry Standard Architecture
Industriestandard-Architektur
An expansion bus commonly used in PCs, originally called the "AT bus" (IBMs PC AT).
Internet Security and Acceleration Internet-Sicherheits- und
Microsoft's packet-, circuit-, and application-level FW, Web caching proxy server and policy
server
Beschleunigungs-Server
management server. It is part of the .NET strategy and replaces Proxy Server 2.0.
Information Sharing and Analysis Zentren zum Teilen und Analysieren An US organization that "gathers, analyzes, and disseminates to the members an integrated
Centers
von Informationen
view of information system vulnerabilities, threats, and incidents" ... "to produce a coherent
picture of the current state of the threat to the members". (www.it-isac.org)
Information Systems Audit and
Vereinigung zur Auditierung und
A "recognized global leader in IT governance, control and assurance". It "sponsors
Control Association
Kontrolle von Informationssystemen international conferences, administers the globally respected CISA designation ..., and
develops globally applicable IS auditing and control standards". (www.isaca.org)
Internet Security Association Key Internet-Protokoll für
An IPsec protocol to negotiate, establish, modify, and delete SAs, and to exchange key
Management Protocol
Sicherheitsvereinigungen und
generation and authentication data, independent of the details of any specific mechanism for
Schlüsselverwaltung
key generation, key establishment, encryption, or authentication.
Indexed Sequential Access
indizierte sequentielle
A common file access method for hard disks that stores data sequentially, while maintaining
Method
Zugriffsmethode
an index of key fields to all the records in the file for direct access.
Internet Software Consortium
Vereinigung für Internet-Software
"A not-for-profit corporation dedicated to developing and maintaining production quality Open
Source reference implementations of core Internet protocols." (www.isc.org)
International Information Systems internationale Vereinigung zur
A global, not-for-profit "organization dedicated to providing information security professionals
Security Certification Consortium Zertifizierung der Sicherheit von
and practitioners worldwide with the standard for professional certification". (www.isc2.org)
Informationssystemen
An annual workshop and conference on computer architecture which is held in varying cities.
International Symposium on
internationales Symposium über
Computer Architecture
Rechnerarchitekturen
Internet SCSI
Internet SCSI
A protocol that serializes SCSI commands and converts them to TCP/IP.
Intelligent Spooling Device
intelligentes
A device that, when attached to a LAN, will act as a print appliance, offloading print services
Spulbetrieb(/Druckpuffer)-Gerät
from the general purpose servers and workstations and so free up the network.
Integrated Services Digital Network dienstintegriertes Digitalnetz
An international communications standard for sending voice, video, and data over digital
telephone lines or normal telephone wires. ISDN supports data transfer rates of 64 Kbps.
Integrated Service Environment
integrierte Dienstumgebung
integrated series
iSerie [Eigenname / proper name]
The renaming of IBM's AS/400 under the eServer brand. An AS/400 server is an iSeries
eServer. (www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/iseries)
Industrial Signature Interoperability Industriespezifikation zur
A specification by the AGTC that defines uniform formats for data and messages, which will
Specification
Zusammenarbeit von Signaturen
be used for services provided under the German law on electronic signatures.
(see ISIS and MTT)
(siehe ISIS und MTT)
"The joint ISIS MTT specification covers both qualified signatures, with which the form
requirements of ... law are met, as well as the specification of security functionality for secure
E-Mail, providing ... compatibility with internationally accepted standards."
Iceland
Island
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
Internet
country, TLD
general
general
IBM, PC
Internet, MS,
security
organization,
security
organization,
security
cryptography,
Internet
database,
memory
Internet
organization,
security
PC
Internet, PC
net
telecom
IBM
cryptography
cryptography,
mail
country
Seite 92 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
ISMA
Glossar - Abkü
ISO 17799
Meaning
"A non-profit corporation formed to provide a forum for the creation of specifications that
define an interoperable implementation for streaming rich media (video, audio and associated
data) over IP networks." (www.isma.tv)
Information Security Management Informationssicherheit-Management- A systematic approach to managing sensitive company information so that it remains secure.
System
System
It encompasses people, processes and IT systems. (see BS 7799)
International Standards
Internationale Organisation für
A worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 140 countries to promote the
Organization
Normen
development of standardization and related activities. (www.iso.org)
ISO 17799
ISO 17799
A standard from the ISO. (see BS 7799)
ISO 7816
ISO 7816
ISMS
ISO
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Internet Streaming Media Alliance Allianz für fließende Medien im
Internet
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
ISO 7816
ISO 7816-1 ISO 7816 Part 1
ISO 7816 Teil 1
ISO 7816-2 ISO 7816 Part 2
ISO 7816 Teil 2
ISO 7816-3 ISO 7816 Part 3
ISO 7816 Teil 3
ISO 7816-4 ISO 7816 Part 4
ISO 7816 Teil 4
ISO 7816-5 ISO 7816 Part 5
ISO 7816 Teil 5
ISO 8859-1 ISO 8859 Part 1 (also ISO Latin 1) ISO 8859 Teil 1 (auch ISO Latein 1)
ISO 9241
ISO 9241
ISO 9241
ISO 924110
ISO 9241 Part 10
ISO 9241 Teil 10
ISO 9660
ISO 9660
ISO 9660
ISOC
Internet SOCiety
Internet-Vereinigung
ISODE
ISO Development Environment
Entwicklungsumgebung der ISO
ISP
ISR
ISS
Internet Service Provider
Israel
Internet Security Systems
Internet-Dienste-Anbieter
Israel
Internet-Sicherheitssysteme
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Context
organization
security
organization,
standard
security,
standard
A standard from the ISO about "Integrated Circuit Cards with electrical contacts". It is the
smartcard,
most widely used and referenced smart card standard and contains several parts. (see ICC) standard
A part of the ISO 7816 standard for ICCs. It defines the physical dimensions of smart cards smartcard,
and their resistance to static electricity, electromagnetic radiation and mechanical stress.
standard
A part of the ISO 7816 standard for ICCs. It defines the location, purpose and electrical
smartcard,
characteristics of the smart card's metallic contacts.
standard
A part of the ISO 7816 standard for ICCs. It defines the voltage and current requirements for smartcard,
the electrical contacts defined in ISO 7816-2 and an asynchronous half-duplex character
standard
transmission protocol (T=0). An amendment defines a block transmission protocol (T=1).
A part of the ISO 7816 standard for ICCs. It is a DIS that will establish a set of commands
smartcard,
across all industries to provide access, security and transmission of card data. Within this
standard
basic kernel, for example, are commands to read, write and update records.
A part of the ISO 7816 standard for ICCs. It defines application identifiers, that consist of two smartcard,
parts: The first part (with five bytes) is unique to the vendor. The second part is a variable
standard
length field of up to 11 bytes that can be used to identify specific applications.
One of ISO's 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets for western European languages ASCII, standard
(Latin alphabet). It is a common extension of, and replacement for, ASCII.
standard
A standard from the ISO about "Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display
terminals". It provides requirements and recommendations relating to the attributes of the
hardware, software and environment that contribute to usability.
standard
A part of the ISO 9241 standard with the title "Dialogue principles". It deals with general
ergonomic principles which apply to the design of dialogues between humans and information
systems.
A standard CD-ROM file format from the ISO. Evolving from the High Sierra format, it
memory, PC,
specifies the directory format of the disc, while the physical format is defined elsewhere.
standard
An international, non-governmental, non-profit, professional membership organization that
Internet,
fosters the expansion of the Internet. It is the home for IETF and IAB. (www.isoc.org)
organization
Software that implements a set of OSI upper-layer services. It supports OSI applications on net
top of OSI and TCP/IP networks.
An organization that provides access to the Internet.
Internet
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
security
A "provider of ... information security management for networks, servers, applications and
desktops." They offer security management systems for security assessment, policy
enforcement, intrusion detection and provide also consulting offerings. (www.iss.net)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
ISSA
Long Term Equivalent
Information Systems Security
Association
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Vereinigung für Sicherheit der
Informationssysteme
ISSCC
International Solid-State Circuit
Conference
Information Security Solutions
Europe
Information Systems Security
Engineering
internationale Konferenz über
Festkörper-Schaltkreise
Informationssicherheitslösungen
Europa
technische Planung von Sicherheit
von Informationssystemen
ISSO
Information System Security
Officer
Sicherheitsverantwortlicher für
Informationssysteme
ISSS
Information Society
Standardization System
ISV
ISV
IT
it
ITA
ITAA
Independent Software Vendor
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Information Technology
Italy
Italy
Information Technology
Association of America
Indexierte TransAktionsNummer
International Traffic in Arms
Regulations
InformationsTechnische
Gesellschaft
Information Technology Industry
Council
IT Infrastructure Library
ISSE
ISSE
iTAN
ITAR
ITG
ITIC
ITIL
iTIP
iCalendar Transport-independent
Interoperability Protocol
ITK
InformationsTechnik und
Kommunikation
IT Process Model
Industrial TRON
ITPM
ITRON
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
Meaning
A not-for-profit international organization of information security professionals and
practitioners that provides education forums, publications and peer interaction opportunities. (
www.issa.org)
A conference organized by the IEEE that is the "foremost global forum for presentation of
advances in solid-state circuits and systems-on-a-chip". (www.isscc.org/isscc)
Europe's Independent IT Security Conference (www.eema.org/ISSE)
Context
organization,
security
organization
security
security
A structured system engineering process, tailored to the needs of a specific customer,
focused on the selection of a security protection solution including determining the customer's
requirements, the initial vulnerabilities, applicable security solutions, the residual risk, and
implementing a risk management process.
The person responsible to the DAA for ensuring that security is provided for and implemented
throughout the life-cycle of an AIS from the beginning of the concept plan through its design,
development, operation, maintenance, and secure disposal. (SSO)
Informationsgesellschaft
An organization created by CEN "to provide market players with a comprehensive and
Standardisierungssystem
integrated range of standardization-oriented services and products, in order to contribute to
the success of the Information Society in Europe." (www.cenorm.be/isss)
unabhängiger Software-Händler
A company that develops software only and is not part of a computer manufacturer.
Jungferninseln (USA)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Informationstechnologie
Processing information by computer. The latest title for the information processing industry.
Italien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Italien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Informationstechnologie-Vereinigung "The only trade association representing the broad spectrum of the world-leading US IT
von Amerika
industry." (www.itaa.org)
indexed transaction number
Vorschriften für den internationalen
The rules by which munitions, as defined by the US State Department, may (or may not) be
Handel mit Waffen
exported from the US. Until recently, this also included the export of cryptography.
information technology society
A society within the VDE concerned with all aspects of information technology in industry,
administration, teaching, research and science. (www.vde.de/de/fg/itg)
Beirat der Informationstechnologie"The preeminent trade association representing the top [approximately 30] US providers of
Industrie
information technology products and services." (www.itic.org)
IT Infrasrukturbibliothek
A series of documents that are used to aid the implementation of a framework for IT service
management. This framework defines how service management is applied within specific
organizations. (www.itil.co.uk , www.itil-itsm-world.com , www.itil.org.uk)
iCalendar transportunabhängiges
An Internet protocol based on the iCalendar object specification (iCAL) that provides
Interoperabilitätsprotokoll
scheduling interoperability between different calendar systems allowing multiple methods of
communication between the systems. [RFC 2446]
see ICT. It is also used to denote the information and communication business.
information technology and
communication
IT Prozessmodell
TRON für die Industrie
A subproject of the TRON project that "creates standards for RTOS specifications for
embedded systems and related specifications." It is a de-facto standard OS specification for
small-scale embedded systems in Japan. (www.sakamura-lab.org/TRON/ITRON)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security
organization,
standard
economy
country
general
country, TLD
country
organization
security
cryptography
organization
organization
general
Internet
general
IBM
OS
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Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
ITSB
ITSEC
Long Term Equivalent
IT-SicherheitsBeauftragter
Information Technology Security
Evaluation Criteria
ITSEF
IT Security Evaluation Facility
ITSEM
ITU
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
IT security manager
Kriterien für die Bewertung der
Sicherheit von (Systemen der)
Informationstechnik
Einrichtung zur Evaluierung von ITSicherheit
Information Technology Security Handbuch oder Methodik zur
Evaluation Manual or Methodology Bewertung der Sicherheit von
(Systemen der) Informationstechnik
International Telecommunication internationale TelekommunikationsUnion
Vereinigung
ITU-T
ITU - Telecommunication Sector
ITU - Telekommunikationsbereich
ITX
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
IuK
IuKDG
IUSS
IV
Information und Kommunikation
Informations- und
KommunikationsDiensteGesetz
If yoU Say So
Initialization Vector or Value
IVB
IVBB
Virgin Islands, British
InformationsVerbund Berlin-Bonn
IVEW
InteressenVerband Europäischer
Webmaster
IW
Information Warfare
IWA
iX
InformationsWertAnalyse
unIX
IYKWIM
IYO
IYSS
IZB
If You Know What I Mean
In Your Opinion
If You Say So
Informatik-Zentrum Bayern
J
J
Japan
Jugendamt
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
Meaning
Context
The person who is responsible for the security of an IT system. (see also ISSO, SSO)
security
The European equivalent to TCSEC. It is similar but rates functionality and effectiveness
security,
separately. Generally: A compilation of the information which needs to be provided and of the standard
actions which need to be taken in order to give grounds for confidence that evaluations will be
carried out effectively and to a consistent standard.
An accredited Evaluation Facility, licensed or approved to perform evaluations within the
context of a particular IT Security Evaluation and Certification/Validation Scheme.
A technical document that describes "how a TOE should be evaluated according to the
ITSEC criteria" (version 1.2). "The specific objective ... is to ensure that there exists a
harmonised set of evaluation methods which complements the ITSEC."
An intergovernmental organization (UN agency since 1947) through which public and private
organizations develop telecommunications. It is responsible for adopting international
treaties, regulations and standards. (www.itu.int)
The part of the ITU standards concerning telecommunications.
A small-footprint motherboard form factor by VIA which is meant to be used in set top boxes
and book size PCs.
information and communication
see ICT
information and communication
A German law regulating the general conditions of information and telecommunication
services law
services. It contains several laws, such as the TDG, TDDSG and SigG.
wenn du das sagst
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Initialisierungsvektor oder -wert
A value (e.g. a block of random bits) used in defining the starting point of a hash-function or
an encipherment process. (see CBC)
Jungferninseln (britisch)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
information interconnection BerlinEin Intranet für die Kommunikation der deutschen Verfassungsorgane und die Verfügbarkeit
Bonn [Eigennamen / proper names] von Informationen zwischen den Standorten Bonn und Berlin. (www.ivbb.de)
association of European webmasters "Ein Zusammenschluss von deutschen Webmastern aus allen Bereichen, welche sich durch
einen eigenen Verhaltenskodex das Ziel gesetzt haben, gegen schwarze Schafe
vorzugehen". (www.ivew.de)
Informationskriegsführung
Actions taken to achieve information superiority by affecting adversary information,
information based processes, and information systems, while defending the own information,
information based processes, and information systems.
information value analysis
A method to determine the value of the information processed in an IT system.
UNIX
A computer magazine for IT professionals that initially focused on UNIX but now covers the
whole usage of networked computers in enterprises. (www.heise.de/ix)
wenn du weißt, was ich meine
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
nach deiner Meinung
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
wenn du das sagst
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
information technology center Bavaria "Ein Unternehmen der Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe" das als "Full-Service-Dienstleister für
anspruchsvolle Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien" auftritt. (www.izb.net)
Japan
The UN vehicle code for this country.
youth welfare office
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 520)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security
security
organization,
standard,
telecom
standard,
telecom
PC
general
law
slang
cryptography
country
government, net
Internet,
organization
security
enterprise
enterprise, Unix
slang
slang
slang
company
country
Nuremberg
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Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
J-Term
J/XFS
j00r
J2EE
J2ME
J2SE
JA
JAAS
JAC
JAM
JAMES
JAP
JAR
JASS
JAX
JAXP
JAXR
JB
JBI
JBoss
Long Term Equivalent
Java-Terminal Emulation
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
Meaning
Context
HOB
Eine Java Applikation, die lokal oder auf einem Web-Server installiert wird und die
Terminaltypen TN3270 (zum Zugriff auf IBM-Großrechner), 5250 (zum Zugriff auf IBMs
AS/400) und VT525 (für UNIX-Hosts) emuliert.
Java-Erweiterungen für Finanzdienste A set of standard Java interfaces in support of the peripheral I/O devices (e.g. smart card
Java eXtensions for Financial
program,
Services
readers) used in the finance industry at various access channels. (www.jxfs.com)
smartcard, Sun
your
dein(e)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Java 2 Enterprise Edition
Java 2 Unternehmensausgabe
program, Sun
A platform from Sun for building multi-tier server-oriented (e.g. Web-based) enterprise
applications on basis of EJB, JSPs and servlets. Its services are performed in the middle tier
between the user's browser and the enterprise's databases and legacy systems.
Java 2 Micro Edition
Java 2 Mikroausgabe
program, Sun
Sun's Java platform for consumer devices with small memory (e.g. smart cards, pagers,
cellphones, PDAs, set-top boxes). (java.sun.com/j2me)
Java 2 Standard Edition
Java 2 Standardausgabe
program, Sun
Sun's Java programming platform aimed at network-oriented enterprise applications. It
comprises the Java 2 SDK and the JRE. (java.sun.com/j2se)
Jamaica
Jamaika
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Java Authentication and
Java Authentifizierungs- und
A set of packages that enable services to authenticate and enforce access controls upon
program,
Authorization Service
Berechtigungsdienst
users. It is now integrated into the Java 2 SDK, v 1.4.
security, Sun
Just A seC
nur eine Sekunde
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Jamaica
Jamaika
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Java Apache Mail Enterprise
Java Apache Post Unternehmens“A 100% pure Java SMTP and POP3 Mail server and NNTP News server ... (, that was)
mail, program,
Server
Server
designed ... to be a complete and portable enterprise mail engine solution based on currently Sun
available open protocols.” (james.apache.org)
Java Anonymity Proxy or and
Java Anonymität-Proxy oder und
A software in Java that makes it possible to surf the Internet anonymously by using a single Internet
static address which is shared by many JAP users. (anon.inf.tu-dresden.de)
Privacy
Datenschutz
Java ARchive
Java-Archiv
A compressed archive file format used to bundle all components (class files, images, sounds, program, Sun
etc.) required to download (e.g. as a Java applet), install and run a Java program. Also a tool
in the JDK to create such files with the extension .jar.
Jumpstart Architecture and
Sprungstart Architektur- und
A security toolkit by Sun for their Solaris OS that provides a flexible and extensible
security, Sun,
Security Scripts
Sicherheitsskripten
mechanism to minimize, harden, and secure Solaris Operating Environment systems.
Unix
Java Api for Xml
Java API für XML
JAX collectively refers to a set of Java-based APIs for handling various operations involving program, Sun
data defined through XML. This includes operations such XML parsing, registration in UDDI
repositories, inter-application messaging, data binding, and RPCs.
Java Api for Xml Processing
Java API für XML-Verarbeitung
program, Sun
An Java API that supports processing of XML documents using DOM, SAX, and XSLT. It
enables applications to parse and transform XML documents independent of a particular XML
processing implementation.
Java Api for Xml Registries
Java API für XML-Registrierungen
It provides an uniform and standard Java API for accessing different kinds of XML registries. program, Sun
An XML registry is an enabling infrastructure for building, deploying, and discovering web
services.
JavaBean(s)
Java Bohne(n)
A component architecture for the Java programming language, developed initially by Sun, but program, Sun
also available from other vendors. JavaBeans components are called 'beans' and are used
primarily for developing UIs at the client side. The server-side counterpart is EJB.
Java Business Integration
program, Sun
JavaBeans Open Source Server ? [Eigenname / proper name]
program, Sun
A fully-featured, standards-compliant, J2EE-based application server developed in open
source pure Java code. (www.jboss.org)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Java-Arbeitsstationemulation
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
JCA
Long Term Equivalent
Java Connector Architecture
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Java Verbindungsstellenarchitektur
JCA
Java Cryptography Architecture
Java-Kryptographiearchitektur
JCE
Java Cryptography Extension
Kryptographie-Erweiterung für Java
JCF
Java Card Forum
Java Karten Forum
JCP
Java Community Process
Java-Gemeinschaft-Vorgang
JDBC
JDIC
Java DataBase Connectivity
Datenbankverbindung (über) Java
JDesktop Integration Components Integrationskomponenten für den
J(ava)-Schreibtisch
JDK
JDO
Java Development Kit
Java Data Object(s)
Java Entwicklungswerkzeug
Java-Datenobjekt(e)
JDRDA
JDS
Java DRDA
Java Desktop System
Java DRDA
Java Schreibtisch-System
je
JEDEC
Jersey
Joint Electron Device Engineering
Council
Java Encryption Extension
Jersey
gemeinsamer Rat für die Technik
elektronischer Bauteile
Java Verschlüsselungserweiterung
JES
Japanese Electronic Industry
Development Association
Job Entry System
Entwicklungsvereinigung der
japanischen Elektronikindustrie
Job-Eingabesystem
JFC
Java Foundation Classes
grundlegende Klassen für Java
JFS
Journaled or Journaling File
System
JugendHilfeAusschuss
Just In Case
Java IDL
mitprotokollierendes Dateisystem
JEE
JEIDA
JHA
JIC
JIDL
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
nur für den Fall (dass)
Java IDL
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
Meaning
Context
program, Sun
The J2EE Connector Architecture specifies a standard architecture for integrating Java
applications with existing enterprise information systems. (java.sun.com/j2ee/connector)
It supplies cryptographic services within an algorithm independent and implementation
cryptography,
independent framework for accessing and developing cryptographic functionality for the Java program, Sun
platform. It comprises the Java Security API (part of the Java SDK) and the JCE.
A set of packages that provide a framework and implementations for encryption, key
cryptography,
generation, key agreement, and MAC algorithms extending the Java Security API. It is
program, Sun
designed so that other cryptography libraries can be plugged in as service providers.
smartcard
"The primary purpose of the Java Card Forum is to promote Java as the preferred
programming language for multiple-application smart cards." (www.javacardforum.org)
program, Sun
Sun's system for allowing third parties to submit requests for new features to Java. It is a
formal process to evolve Java that must be adhered to.
An API that lets Java applications access a database via the SQL language.
database, Sun
A project that "aims to make Java applications first-class citizens of current desktop platforms program, Sun
without sacrificing platform independence." It provides access to facilities provided by the
native desktop like mailer, browser, document viewing applications. (jdic.dev.java.net)
A software development environment from JavaSoft for writing Java applications.
program, Sun
A specification for a high level API that provides for interface-based definition of data stores, program, Sun
transactions, selection, and transformation of persistent storage data into native Java objects.
It proposes transparent persistence.
DRDA-Lösung in Java
database, HOB
Sun's Linux distribution for client PCs is based on SuSE Linux Desktop 1.0 and uses GNOME Sun, Unix
as desktop GUI. It includes StarOffice office suite, Mozilla web browser, Ximian Evolution
mail client and J2SE with several Java applications (e.g. jEdit, JDiskReport)..
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
This solid state technology association is the semiconductor engineering standardization
organization,
body of the EIA. (www.jedec.org)
standard
A plug-in module that provides an easy way for developers and system administrators to
cryptography,
apply advanced encryption technologies to Java programs.
program, Sun
A Japanese trade and standards organization. (It joined with PCMCIA to standardize the PC organization,
card in 1991.) (it.jeita.or.jp)
standard
IBM
Software that provides batch communications for IBM's MVS operating system. It accepts
data from remote batch terminals, executes them on a priority basis and transmits the results
back to the terminals. The JES counterpart in VM is called RSCS.
program, Sun
A class library from Sun that provides an application framework and GUI routines for Java
programmers. Sun, Netscape, IBM and others contributed to JFC, which combines Sun's
Abstract Windowing Toolkit (AWT) and Netscape's Foundation Classes (IFC).
A file system that contains its own backup and recovery capability. Before indexes on disk are Unix
updated, the information about the changes is recorded in a log.
Erlangen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A technology (and API) that provides CORBA interoperability and connectivity capabilities for program, Sun
the J2EE platform. It enables distributed Web-enabled Java applications to invoke operations
on remote network services using IDL and IIOP defined by the OMG.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 97 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
JIK
JINI
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
Long Term Equivalent
Just In case
Java Intelligent Network
Infrastructure
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
für alle Fälle oder für den Notfall
Java intelligente Netzwerkinfrastruktur A Java-based distributed computing environment from Sun in which devices can be plugged net, program,
into the network and automatically offer their services and make use of other services on the Sun
network.
Just-In-Time (compiler)
gerade rechtzeitig
JIT
A compiler that converts all the source code into machine code just before the program is run. program
(compiler)
In the case of Java it converts the intermediate language (bytecode) into native code.
JJA
Just Joking Around
nur herumalbern
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
JK
Just Kidding
nur scherzen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
JKS
Java Key Store
Java Schlüsselspeicher
A default keystore implementation provided by Sun that is using a file as a proprietary
cryptography,
keystore type (format) named 'JKS'. A keystore is a database available to applications that
program, Sun
need it to manage a repository of keys and certificates e.g. for signing purposes.
JLCA
Java-Sprachumwandlungsassistent A software from MS that converts Java programs to C#. It is used with Visual Studio .NET.
Java Language Conversion
MS, program,
Assistant
Sun
jm
Jamaica
Jamaika
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
JMAPI
Java Management API
Java Verwaltungs-API
A programming interface from Sun for managing network and systems via the Web. It uses program, Sun
the CIM schema for storing information about the node. (see WBEM)
JMO
Just My Opinion
nur meine Meinung
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
JMS
Java Nachrichtendienst
program, Sun
Java Message or Messaging
An API for accessing enterprise messaging systems from Java programs. Java Message
Service
Service, part of the J2EE suite, provides standard APIs that Java developers can use to
access the common features of enterprise message systems.
JMX
Java Management eXtensions
Java Verwaltungserweiterungen
program, Sun
JNDI
Java Naming and Directory
Java-Schnittstelle für Namensvergabe SunSoft's standard extension (a proprietary API) to the Java platform, providing Java
database,
Interface
und Verzeichnisse
technology-enabled applications with a unified interface to multiple naming and directory
program, Sun
services like LDAP, NIS and NDS.
JNI
Java Native Interface
Java systemeigene/-spezifische
A programming interface (API) in Sun's JVM used for calling native platform elements (written program, Sun
Schnittstelle
in other programming languages, e.g. C, C++) such as GUI routines.
JNLP
Java Network Launcher Protocol Java Netzwerk Starter-Protokoll
"A Web-centric provisioning protocol and application environment for Web-deployed Java 2 program, Sun
technology-based applications".
jo
Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of ~ Jordanien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
jobs
JOBS
Arbeitsplätze
A sponsored TLD that will be available to companies that offer jobs.
TLD
JOnAS
Java OpeN source (J2EE)
Java quelloffener Anwendungs-Server An open source implementation of the J2EE specification that provides EJB container (SFSB, program, Sun
Application Server
SLSB, entity beans with BMP or CMP, MDB), JCA support, web container for J2EE
applications, distributed transactions, JMS integration, etc. (jonas.objectweb.org)
JOR
Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of ~ Jordanien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
jp
Japan
Japan
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
JP
Just Playing
(ich) spiele nur
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group vereinigte Gruppe von Fotoexperten The committee that designed the ISO/ITU standard image compression algorithm with the
compression,
same name. It is a lossy compression technique for still color images with high compression graphic
capability (down to 5%).
JPEG2000 JPEG 2000
compression,
graphic
JPG
A common file name extension for JPEG files.
graphic
short for JPeG
Kurzform für JPEG
JPN
Japan
Japan
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 98 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
Acronym
JRE
Long Term Equivalent
Java Runtime Environment
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Java Laufzeit-Umgebung
JRL
JRMP
Java Research License
Java Remote Method Protocol
JRMS
Java Reliable Multicast Service
JSF
JSF
JSP
Jabber Software Foundation
Java Server Faces
Java Server Pages
Java Forschungslizenz
Java Protokoll für entfernte Methoden A proprietary wire-level protocol designed by Sun Microsystems to transport Java RMI. It
serves the same function as IIOP, but also supports object passing.
Java zuverlässiger
A set of libraries and network services for building multicast applications that distribute
Mehrfachsendungsdienst
information over IP networks. (www.experimentalstuff.com/technologies/JRMS)
Jabber Software-Stiftung
JSSE
Java Secure Socket Extension
JTA
Java Transaction Api
JTA
Java Transaction Architecture
JTS
Java Transaction Service
JVM
Java Virtual Machine
JVT
Joint Video Team
JWS
Java Web Start
JWT
Java Windows Terminal
JXFS
Java-Erweiterungen für Finanzdienste see J/XFS
program, Sun
JXTA
Java eXtensions for Financial
Services
JuXTApose
Gegenüberstellen
Internet, Sun
K
k.J.
k/b
K3B
Cambodia
kommenden Jahres
KeyBoard
unknown!
Kambodscha
next year
Tastatur
unbekannt!
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
Context
program, Sun
The part of the JDK required to run Java programs. The JRE consists of the JVM, the Java
platform core classes and supporting files. It does not include the compiler, debugger or other
tools present in the JDK. The JRE is the smallest set of executables and files that constitute
the standard Java platform.
Java Server-Seiten
A freely available extension to the Java servlet technology from Sun that provides a simple
programming vehicle for displaying dynamic content on a Web page.
Java sichere
A set of Java packages that enable secure Internet communications. It implements a Java
Socket(/Anschlußdosen)-Erweiterung version of SSL and TLS protocols and includes functionality for data encryption, server
authentication, message integrity, and optional client authentication.
Java Transaktions-API
An API from Sun that allows Java applications and J2EE servers to access transactions (i.e.
to connect to transaction monitors such as IBM's CICS and BEA's Tuxedo).
Java Transaktionsarchitektur
It allows applications to access transaction management in a manner that is independent of a
specific implementation by using the Java Transaction API.
Java Transaktionsdienst
A transaction manager which supports JTA at the high-level and implements the Java
mapping of the OMG OTS at the low-level. It uses the CORBA ORB/TS interfaces and IIOP
for transaction context propagation between JTS transaction managers.
virtuelle Java-Maschine
A Java interpreter from the JavaSoft division of Sun. It converts the Java intermediate
language (byte code) into machine language one line at a time and then executes it. The
Java Virtual Machine is licensed to software companies to incorporate it.
gemeinsames Video-Team
A working group of ITU-T (H.262 and H.222.0) and ISO/IEC (MPEG) to produce a new video
coding standard (H.264) with improved coding efficiency, performance and quality. (
www.itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com16/jvt)
Java Web Start
A technology by Sun for simplifying the deployment of Java applications. It is a further
development of Java applets that allows to download, cache and update Java applications on
the client's side computer by clicking on a Web page link.
Java Windows Bedienkonsole
Eine Java Applikation, die lokal oder auf einem Web-Server installiert wird und auf der Basis
von Microsofts RDP sowohl Windows- als auch NON-Microsoft Front-ends (z.B. Macintosh,
UNIX, NCs, PDAs) Zugriff auf und Verarbeitungsmöglichkeit von Windows-Applikationen
unter MS Windows NT Server 4.0 Terminal Server Edition verschafft.
An open source protocol for peer-to-peer computing originally developed by Sun. It enables
data to be shared between clients as well as servers on the Internet. (www.jxta.org)
The UN vehicle code for this country.
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A feature-rich and easy to handle CD burning application for Linux/KDE. (www.k3b.org)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
program, Sun
program, Sun
program, Sun
Internet
program, Sun
program, Sun
Internet,
program,
security, Sun
program, Sun
program, Sun
Internet,
program, Sun
program, Sun
standard
program, Sun
HOB
country
slang
slang
application
Seite 99 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
KAME
Glossar - Abkü
Karbon14
KAZ
KaZaA
Long Term Equivalent
no acronym or
abbreviation!(KArigoME, a town in
Japan)
no acronym or abbreviation!
Kazakhstan
no acronym or abbreviation!
Kb, kb
KiloBit
KB, kB
KiloByte
KBA
KraftFahrtBundesamt
Federal motor transport authority
KBD
Kbps
KBSt
KeyBoarD
KiloBit Per Second
Koordinierungs- u.
BeratungsSTelle
Tastatur
Kilobit pro Sekunde
coordination and information center
KChart
KDC
Kde CHART
Key Distribution Center
KDE
Schlüsselverteilungszentrum
KDE
K(ool ?) Desktop Environment
KDevelop
Kde DEVELOP
ke
KEA
Kenya
Key Exchange Algorithm
KEK
Key-Encrypting Key
KEN
KES
Kenya
Kommunikations- und EdvSicherheit
no acronym or abbreviation!
Kultur- und FreizeitAusschuss
Kde FORMULA
Kexi
KFA
KFormula
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
"turtle" in Japanese / "Schildkröte" auf The project by talented researchers from several Japanese major companies is a joint effort
japanisch
to create a free (BSD license) single solid software set, especially targeted at IPv6/IPsec. (
www.kame.net)
Kohlenstoff (Isotop) 14
A vector drawing application that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
Kasachstan
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
[Eigenname / proper name]
A decentralized Internet P2P file-sharing program owned by Sharman Networks. Unlike other
file-sharing programs (e.g. Napster), which used a centralized server to index files, Kaaza
users share files directly from each other's hard drives. (www.kazaa.com)
Kilobit
Technically 1.024 bits (binary) or 1.000 bits (decimal). Lower case "b" for bit and "B" for byte
are not always followed and often misprinted. Thus, Kb may also refer to kilobyte!
Kilobyte
When used to describe data storage, KB usually represents 1.024 bytes (binary kilo). When
used to describe data transfer rates, kB often represents 1.000 bytes (decimal kilo). The
IEEE has suggested following the convention of using a small k for a decimal kilo and a
capital K for a binary kilo, but this convention is by no means strictly followed.
Context
cryptography
government
The German federal bureau of motor vehicles and drivers manages 3 central registers: the
vehicle register, the register of traffic offenders, the register of driving permits. (www.kba.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
see bps, Kb
Die "KBSt der Bundesregierung für Informationstechnik in der Bundesverwaltung" im
Bundesministerium des Innern wirkt als ressortübergreifend tätige Einrichtung mit
Empfehlungen, Beratungen und Pilotstudien darauf hin, dass IT in der Bundesverwaltung
fachlich, organisatorisch und wirtschaftlich optimal eingesetzt wird. (www.kbst.bund.de)
An integrated graph and chart drawing tool that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
A type of key center (used in symmetric cryptography) that implements a distribution protocol
to provide keys (usually session keys) to entities that wish to communicate securely. In
particular the collective reference to an AS and a TGS, used by Kerberos.
K Schreibtisch-Umgebung
KDE is a powerful open source graphical desktop environment for UNIX workstations. It
incorporates a large suite of applications for UNIX workstations, including a window manager,
file manager, panel, control center and many other applications. (www.kde.org)
KDE entwickeln
An easy to use C/C++ IDE for Unix that supports KDE/Qt, GNOME, plain C, C++, Java, Ada,
Perl, Python, Ruby and Pascal projects. (www.kdevelop.org)
Kenia
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Schlüsselaustausch-Algorithmus
A key agreement algorithm that is similar to the Diffie-Hellman algorithm, uses 1024-bit
asymmetric keys, and was developed by NSA.
Schlüsselverschlüsselungs-Schlüssel A cryptographic key that is used for the encryption or decryption of other keys, but usually is
not used to encrypt application data.
Kenia
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
security of communication and EDP Die deutschsprachige Zeitschrift der SecuMedia Verlags-GmbH mit diesem Titel ist
gleichzeitig Organ des BSI. (www.kes.info)
[Eigenname / proper name]
An integrated database environment access that will be part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
KDE Formel
A powerful formula editor that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
application
country
Internet
unit
unit
slang
unit
government
application
cryptography
application,
graphic, Unix
program
country, TLD
cryptography
cryptography
country
security
application
Erlangen
application
Seite 100 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
KG
Long Term Equivalent
Key Generator
kg
KGA
Kyrgyzstan
Key Generation Authority
KGSt
Kommunale GemeinschaftsSTelle municipal community center for
für verwaltungsvereinfachung
simplified administration
KGZ
kh
KHM
kHZ
Ki
ki
KI
KIND
KIP
KIR
KIS
KISS
KISS
KIT
Kivio
KKT
KLR
km
KMI
KMP
KMU
kn
KNA
KNIM
knoda
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Schlüsselgenerator
Meaning
An algorithm that uses mathematical rules to deterministically produce a pseudo-random
sequence of cryptographic key values.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Kirgisistan oder Kirgisien
Ermächtigung oder (Dienst)Stelle zur The instance of a CA that produces the public/private key pair for use in a PKI. (Note: The
Schlüsselerzeugung
generation of the keys and the assignment of the keys to an entity are separate processes.)
The largest local government association in Germany. It is politically independent and has
many activities, including advising its members on all aspects of leadership, management,
organisation and governance of local government. It promotes reforms. (www.kgst.de)
Kyrgyzstan
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Kirgisistan oder Kirgisien
Cambodia
Kambodscha
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Cambodia
Kambodscha
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
KiloHertZ
Kilohertz
1.000 Hz
kibi = kilobinary
binäres Kilo
A prefix for a binary multiple as standardized by the IEC: 1 Ki = 1.024 (= 2**10)
Kiribati
Kiribati
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Künstliche Intelligenz
artificial intelligence
see AI
Kompetenzzentrum Internetcompetence center for Internet based (www.kompetenzzentrum.org)
basierter Nutzerorientierter
and user oriented service
Dienstleistungstechnologien
technologies
Kinetics IP
kinetisches IP
Appletalk tunneled through IP protocols.
Kiribati
Kiribati
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Krankenhaus-InformationsSystem hospital information system
see HIS
halte es klein und einfach
Keep It ((Small or Short) and
A maxim often invoked when discussing design to fend off creeping featurism and control
complexity of development.
Simple) or (Simple and Stupid)
Keep It Simple, Stupid
halte es einfach, dumm (im Sinne von A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
idiotensicher)
Keep In Touch
wir bleiben in Verbindung
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
A flowcharting application that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
Kommunales Kern-Team
municipal core team
Ein Team zur Steuerung der [email protected] in den Kommunen, das neben den
KoKos noch weitere externe Mitarbeiter der beteiligten Städte umfaßt.
Kosten-/LeistungsRechnung
Comoros
Komoren
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Key Management Infrastructure
Schlüsselverwaltungsinfrastruktur
A framework established to issue, maintain, and revoke keys accommodating a variety of
security technologies, including the use of software.
Key Management Protocol
Schlüsselverwaltungsprotokoll
A protocol to establish a shared symmetric key between a users. It is similar to the ISAKMP
specification in concept, but uses ASN.1 for specifying the protocol formats.
Kleine und Mittlere Unternehmen small and medium enterprises
Enterprises with not more than approximately 500 employees.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
St. Kitts und Nevis
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
St. Kitts und Nevis
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
KNow what I Mean?
Weißt du, was ich meine?
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
KNOrr's DAtenbank
[Eigenname / proper name] database A fully featured database frontend for KDE that is released under the GPL. It supports
MySQL, PostgreSQL and database servers with an ODBC interface. (www.knoda.org)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
cryptography
country, TLD
cryptography
government,
organization
country
country, TLD
country
unit
unit
country, TLD
program
organization
Apple, Internet
country
general
slang
slang
application
Curiavant
country, TLD
cryptography
cryptography,
Internet
enterprise
country, TLD
country
slang
database
Seite 101 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
Knoppix
Long Term Equivalent
KNOPPer unIX or lInuX
Knoppix
STD
KOffice
Knoppix Security Tools Distribution Knoppix-Distribution mit
Sicherheitswerkzeugen
Kde Office
KDE Büro
KoKo
Kommunaler Koordinator
KommHV
KonTraG
KOMMunalHaushaltsVerordnung
Gesetz zur Kontrolle und
Transparenz im
Unternehmensbereich
KoopA ADV Kooperationsausschuss ADV
(Literal) Translation {to German}
[Eigenname / proper name]
municipal coordinator
Meaning
A bootable CD (by the German engineer Klaus Knopper) with a collection of GNU/Linux
software, automatic hardware detection, and support for many graphics cards, sound cards,
SCSI and USB devices and other peripherals. (www.knopper.net/knoppix)
A customized distribution of the Knoppix Live Linux CD with a focus on information security
and network management tools. (www.knoppix-std.org)
A free, integrated office suite for KDE. It consists of KWord, KSpread, KPresenter, Kivio,
Karbon14, Krita, Kugar, KChart, KFormula, and Kexi. (www.koffice.org)
Mitarbeiter der Curiavant, die in den beteiligten Kommunen die gemeinsamen Projekte
koordinieren.
cooperation committee ADV
Korea, Republic of [South-] ~
Korea, Republik oder Südkorea
KOmpetenzzentrum für SIcherheit competence center for security (in)
Bayern
Bavaria
KOTC
KOTL
kp
Kuß auf die Backe
Kuß auf die Lippen (bzw. den Mund)
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublik
KPK
Kiss On The Cheek
Kiss On The Lips
Korea, Democratic People's
Republic of [North-] ~
Key Production Key
KPN
KPresenter
kr
Krita
KRITIS
KS
KSA
KSpread
KT
KreditkartenPrüfNummer
Kde PRESENTER
Korea, Republic of [South-] ~
no acronym or abbreviation!
KRItische InfraStrukturen
Kyrgyzstan
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of ~
Kde SPREADsheet
Karten-Terminal
credit card check number
KDE Präsentierer
Korea, Republik oder Südkorea
[Eigenname / proper name]
KTC
KTT
Key Translation Center
Kommunales Technik-Team
Sclüsselübersetzungszentrum
municipal technical team
KuF
Kugar
KUW
KVM
amt für Kultur und Freizeit
no acronym or abbreviation!
Kuwait
K Virtual Machine
office for culture and recreation
[Eigenname / proper name]
Kuwait
K virtuelle Maschine
Schlüsselerzeugungsschlüssel
Kirgisistan oder Kirgisien
Saudi-Arabien
KDE Kalkulationsblatt
card terminal
Context
OS, Unix
security, Unix
application
Curiavant
government
law
corporate sector supervision and
transparency act
KOR
KoSiB
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:49
Das (einzige) Gremium (dem der Bund, die Länder und die kommunalen Spitzenverbände
angehören) in dem gemeinsame Grundsätze des Einsatzes der IuK-Techniken und wichtige
IT-Vorhaben in der öffentlichen Verwaltung besprochen werden. (www.koopa.de)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
"Selbstverständnis des KoSiB eG ist es, Unternehmen und Organisationen der gewerblichen
Wirtschaft in Bayern in allen Fragen der Sicherheit zu beraten und zu unterstützen." (
www.kosib.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
government,
organization
A key used to initialize a keystream generator for the production of other electronically
generated keys.
see CID, CVC2 and CVV2
A presentation program that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A pixel-based image manipulation program that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
cryptography
The UN vehicle code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A spreadsheet application that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
A device connected to a computer for inserting and reading a smart card. It may contain a
keypad for entering a PIN and even a small display for user dialog messages.
An entity trusted to translate keys between entities that each share a key with the KTC.
Ein sich fallweise treffendes Team von technischen Mitarbeitern der Curiavant und der
beteiligten Kommunen.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 416)
A tool for generating business quality reports that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Sun's implementation of the J2ME for small devices with limited memory (e.g. PDAs).
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
company,
security
slang
slang
country, TLD
smartcard
application
country, TLD
application
security
country
country
application
smartcard
cryptography
Curiavant
Nuremberg
application
country
program, Sun
Seite 102 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
KVM
(switch)
KVP
kw
kw
KWord
KWT
ky
kz
L
L1
L10n
L2
L2F
L2TP
l33t
L8R
la
LA
LACNIC
LAMP
LAN
LANANA
LANE
LANL
LAO
LAP
LAR
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
Keyboard Video Mouse (switch)
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Tastatur-Video-Maus-(Umschalter)
Kontinuierlicher
VerbesserungsProzess
künftig wegfallend
Kuwait
Kde WORD
Kuwait
Cayman Islands
Kazakhstan
Luxembourg
Level 1 cache
localization (L - 10 other letters - n)
in the future ceasing to exist
Kuwait
KDE Wort
Kuwait
Kaiman-Inseln
Kasachstan
Luxemburg
Stufe 1 Zwischenspeicher
Lokalisierung
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
Context
A hardware device that enables a single keyboard, video monitor and mouse to control more PC
than one computer one at a time. It is used e.g. in server farms.
government
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
application
A frame-based word processor that is part of KOffice. (www.koffice.org)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and UN vehicle code for this country.
country
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
A memory bank that bridges main memory and the CPU and that is built into the CPU chip.
memory
general
Modifying or adapting a software product to fit the requirements of a particular locale. This
process includes translating the user interface, documentation and packaging, changing
dialog box geometries and customizing features (if necessary).
Level 2 cache
Stufe 2 Zwischenspeicher
A memory bank that bridges main memory and the CPU and that is a secondary staging area memory
that feeds the L1 cache. It may be built into the CPU chip, reside on a separate chip in a
multichip package module or be a separate bank of chips.
Layer 2 Forwarding
Verbindung auf Ebene 2
Internet, security
A protocol from Cisco for creating dial-up VPNs over the Internet. It uses tunneling of PPP
over IP to create a virtual extension of a dial-up link across a network, initiated by the dial-up
server and transparent to the dial-up user.
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
Ebene 2 Tunnelprotokoll
A protocol from the IETF for creating VPNs over the Internet. It is a combination of Microsoft's Internet, security
PPTP and Cisco's L2F technology and supports non-IP protocols as well as IPsec. It does not
specify security services itself but depends on security of other layers.
leet "elite"
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
LateR
später
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Lao People's Democratic Republic Laos, Demokratische Volksrepublik
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
LiegenschaftsAmt
real estate office
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 230)
Nuremberg
Latin American and Caribbean NIC lateinamerikanisches und karibisches An "organization that will administrate the IP addresses space, Autonomous System
Internet,
NIC
Numbers, reverse resolution and other resources of the Latin American and Caribbean
organization
region, on behalf of the Internet community." (www.lacnic.net)
A typical combination of free software products to run a Web-Site with dynamic content.
Unix
Linux - Apache - MySQL - Perl or Linux - Apache - MySQL - Perl or
PHP or Python
PHP or Python
Local Area Network
lokales Netzwerk
A network of computers with distances between the computers of less than 100 m.
net
Unix
Linux Assigned Names And
Autorität für festgelegte Namen und It manages the "Linux Device List" (official registry of allocated device numbers and /dev
Numbers Authority
Nummern für Linux
directory nodes for Linux) and the "Linux Zone Unicode Assignments". (www.lanana.org)
LAN Emulation
LAN Emulation
net
The ability to connect Ethernet and Token Ring networks together via ATM. It makes the
process transparent, requiring no modification to Ethernet and Token Ring stations.
Los Alamos Natianal Laboratory
[Eigenname / proper name]
organization
A big research laboratory of the US Department of Energy, managed by the University of
California. It is famous for the development of the first atomic bomb. (www.lanl.gov)
Lao People's Democratic Republic Laos, Demokratische Volksrepublik
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Link Access Procedure
Verbindungs-Zugangsverfahren
An ITU family of error correction protocols originally derived from the HDLC standard.
net
Libya(n Arab Jamahiriya)
Libyen
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
LASEC
Glossar - Abkü
LAT
LAT
LaTeX
Long Term Equivalent
LAboratoire de Sécurité Et de
Cryptographie
Latvia
Local Address Table
LAmport TEX
LAWN
lb
LB
LB
Local Area Wireless Network
Lebanon
Liberia
Load Balancing
LBA
LBA
LBA
Large Block Access
Libya(n Arab Jamahiriya)
Logical Block Addressing
LBN
LBR
LBS
LBX
Lebanon
Liberia
Location-Based Services
Low Bandwidth X
Libanon
Liberia
ortsbasierte Dienste
X mit niedriger Bandbreite
LBY
LC
Libya(n Arab Jamahiriya)
Logical Channel
Libyen
logischer Kanal
lc
LCA
LCC
Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Length-Checked Compression
St. Lucia
St. Lucia
Kompression durch Längenkontrolle
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
Flüssigkristallanzeige
LCM
Life Cycle Management
Lebensdauer-Verwaltung
LCP
Link Control Protocol
Verbindungssteuerungsprotokoll
LD
Later, Dude
später, Geck
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Security and Cryptography Laboratory A laboratory in the department of communication systems of the Ecole Polytechnique
Fédérale de Lausanne that deals with cryptography and security. (lasecwww.epfl.ch)
Lettland
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
lokale Adresstabelle
A series of IP address pairs that define an internal network (LAN).
[Eigenname / proper name]
Leslie Lamport's document preparation system built on top of TeX. It provides higher-level
macros to simplify typesetting and lets the user concentrate on the structure of the text rather
than on formatting commands. (www.latex-project.org)
lokales drahtloses Netzwerk
see WLAN
Libanon
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Liberia
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Lastverteilung
The fine tuning of a computer system, network or disk subsystem in order to more evenly
distribute the data and/or processing across available resources.
Zugriff auf große Blöcke
Incorrect for "Logical Block Addressing".
Libyen
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Adressierung logischer Blöcke
An addressing scheme used with all SCSI hard disks and ATA-2 conforming IDE hard disks
larger than 504 MB to translate the cylinder, head, and sector specifications of the drive into
addresses that can be used by an enhanced BIOS (after mid-1994), that provides LBA
conversion. It is required for compatibility with the FAT32 directory.
Context
security
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Services that use the ability to pinpoint the location of a mobile caller or vehicle in transit.
An option in the X11R6 X Window specification that supports operation over low-speed
(preferably 9.600 bit/s or faster) asynchronous (usually dial-up) communication lines. LBX
would run over TCP/IP over PPP.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
In packet mode operation, a sending channel and a receiving channel that together are used
to send and receive data over a data link at the same time. Several logical channels can be
established on the same data link by interleaving the transmission of packets.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Compression method used in SNA by IBM. Two LCC algorithms exist: RLE and an adaptive
dictionary-based algorithm called LZ compression, similar to the LZW.
An electro-optical device with a piece of liquid crystal material placed between transparent
electrodes. It used to display digits, characters or images in digital watches, calculators and
computer screens.
A complete set of property-related services that contribute to enhancement of the property
values over their life cycle, achieving more cost-effective operation and economic efficiency.
(It is also used by the DoD to control expenditures on its AISs.)
A protocol used to automatically agree upon encapsulation format options, handle varying
packet size limits, authenticate the identity of its peer on the link, determine when a link is
functioning properly and when it is defunct, detect a looped-back link and other common
misconfiguration errors, and terminate the link. [RFC 1570]
country
country
telecom
X11
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
MS, net
application
net
country, TLD
country
general
PC
country
PC
country
IBM, net, SNA
country, TLD
country
compression,
IBM, SNA
general
general
net
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Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Acronym
LD
LDAP
Long Term Equivalent
Long Distance
Lightweight Directory Access
Protocol
(Literal) Translation {to German}
große Entfernung
Leichtgewicht-DAP
Meaning
Context
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
database
It is a dedicated client access protocol for communicating with a directory and viewing or
manipulating the objects contained within the directory. It was designed as a simplified subset
of the X.500 DAP. LDAP support is being implemented in Web browsers and e-mail
programs, which can query an LDAP-compliant directory. [RFC 1487, 1777, 2251 - 2256]
LDAPS
LDAP over Ssl
LDAP über SSL
LDIF
LDAP Data Interchange Format
LDAP Datenaustauschformat
database,
security
database
LDP
Linux Documentation Project
Linux-Dokumentationsprojekt
LDP
Loader Debugger Protocol
Lade- und Fehlersuche-Protokoll
LDUP
LEAF
LDAP Duplication/Replication/
Update Protocols
Law Enforcement Access Field
LDAP Vervielfältigungs-/Kopier-/
Aktualisierungsprotokolle
Strafverfolgungs-Zugangsfeld
LEAP
Lightweight EAP
Leichtgewicht-EAP
A method of securing LDAP communication by using an SSL tunnel. This is denoted in LDAP
URLs by using the URL scheme "ldaps". The default port for LDAPS is 636.
LDIF has been defined as a means of describing LDAP entries in a standardized text format
to facilitate the exchange of directory information.
The LDP is working on developing free, high quality documentation for the GNU/Linux OS. (
www.linuxdoc.org)
It is an application layer protocol for loading, dumping and debugging target machines from
hosts in a network environment. [RFC 909]
A working group of the IETF is going to standardize master-slave (or single-master) and
multi-master LDAPv3 replication of data across servers running different implementations.
A data item that is automatically embedded in data encrypted by devices that implement the
EES.
Based on the IEEE 802.1x authentication framework, it mitigates several of the weaknesses
of WEP by utilizing dynamic WEP and sophisticated key management. The term is used to
distinguish authentication provided by the client firmware from authentication provided by a
host and its OS (see EAP).
LECS
LED
LERK
LES
LF
LF
LANE Configuration Server
Light Emitting Diode
Leaving Easy Reach of Keyboard
Lesotho
Line Feed
Low Frequency
LANE Konfiguration-Server
Leuchtdiode
net
general
slang
country
ASCII
telecom
LFB
LFN
Local Frame Buffer
Long File Name
Lesotho
Zeilenvorschub
niedrige Frequenz oder
Niedrigfrequenz
lokaler Bildspeicher
langer Dateiname
A software component of a LANE implementation which provides address resolution.
A type of diode that emits light when current passes through it.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A control code in the ASCII code: Switch to the next line (regardless the position).
A range of the RF spectrum with frequencies from 30 kHz to 300 kHz, corresponding to
wavelengths in the free space between 10 km and 1 km.
OS, PC
LFS
Linux From Scratch
Linux von Grund auf
LG
LGE
LGPL
Lucky GoldStar
L(ucky)G(oldStar) Electronics
Lesser or Library GPL
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
GPL für (Programm-)Bibliotheken
li
Li18nux
Liechtenstein, Fürstentum ~
Liechtenstein
Linux Internationalization Initiative Linux Internationalisierungsinitiative
LIB
LIDS
Lebanon
Linux IDS
File names that exceed the common eight plus three (8.3) character limitation used in DOS
and Windows 3.1. Unix, Mac and Windows starting with Win95 support long file names.
A project for a Linux distribution that provides the steps necessary to build an own custom
Linux system. (www.linuxfromscratch.org)
see LGE
A Korean company in the electronics industry. (www.lge.com)
It applies to certain designated libraries, and differs from the ordinary GPL. It is used for
certain libraries in order to permit linking those libraries into non-free programs.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
"A ... working group, consisting of Linux and open source related contributors who are
working on globalization, which is composed of i18n and localization." (www.li18nux.org)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
An enhancement for the Linux kernel to implement additional security features like mandatory
access control, port scan detector, file and process protection. (www.lids.org)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Libanon
Linux IDS
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Unix
Internet
database
cryptography
Cisco, net,
security
Unix
company
company
law
country, TLD
Unix
country
security
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
LIE
LIFO
Long Term Equivalent
Liechtenstein, Fürstentum ~
Last-In First-Out
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Liechtenstein
zuletzt rein, zuerst raus
lilo
LiMo
LInux LOader
LInux MObile
Linux-Lader
Linux mobil
LindowsOS LINux winDOWS OS
LINQ
Language INtegrated Query
Linux
LINus torvald's UniX
Linux Fensterbetriebssystem
LinVDR
LINux Video-Disk-Recorder
LIPS
LiPS
LiSoG
LIVE
Lightweight Internet Person
Schema
LInux Phone Standards
LInux SOlutions Group
LInux-VErband e.V.
Video-Festplattenrecorder (d.h.
Aufnahme- und Abspielgerät) mit
Linux
leichtgewichtiges InternetPersonenschema
lk
LKA
LKA
LLC
Sri Lanka (formerly: Ceylon)
LandesKriminalAmt
Sri Lanka (formerly: Ceylon)
Logical Link Control
LLNL
LLOTF
LLQ
Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory
Lying Laughing On The Floor
Low Latency Queueing
LMAO
LMTP
LOA
Laughing My Ass Off
Local Mail Transfer Protocol
Level Of Assurance
LOI
Letter Of Intent
Willens- oder Absichtserklärung
LOL
LPAR
Laughing Out Loud
Logical PARtition
laut herauslachen
Logische Partition
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
[Eigenname / proper name]
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A queueing method in which the next item to be retrieved is the item most recently placed in
the queue. It is also called a stack. Contrast to FIFO.
A generic boot loader for Linux (and other OSs) to load Linux into memory and to start it.
Companies of the mobile industry established this foundation to develop a Linux-based, open
mobile communication device software platform. (www.limofoundation.org)
A Linux distribution aimed at the desktop PC SOHO market. (www.lindows.com)
A freely-distributable implementation of UNIX that runs on a number of hardware platforms,
including Intel and Motorola microprocessors. It was developed mainly by Linus Torvalds.
(see also GNU/Linux) (www.kernel.org , www.linux.org)
(www.linvdr.org)
A schema defined by NAC for directory (mainly LDAP) representation of information about
people (white-pages attributes such as contact, organization, certificate, ...).
(www.lipsforum.org)
(www.lisog.org)
Linux (registered) association
Verband mit dem Zweck, den professionellen Einsatz von Linux zu fördern und die freie
Verfügbarkeit des Betriebssystems zu erhalten. (www.linux-verband.de)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Sri Lanka (früher: Ceylon)
state bureau of criminal investigation A bureau of criminal investigation of a German state. (e.g. www.polizei.bayern.de/blka)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Sri Lanka (früher: Ceylon)
logische Verbindungskontrolle
The IEEE 802 specification for LANs breaks the data link layer into two sublayers: the LLC
and MAC. The LLC provides a common interface point to the MAC layers, which specify the
access method used.
[Eigenname / proper name]
An US Department of Energy national laboratory operated by the University of California. It
was founded as a nuclear weapons design laboratory. (www.llnl.gov)
lachend auf dem Boden liegen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Warteschlangenbetrieb mit geringer A feature of Cisco routers that brings strict priority queueing to CBWFQ. It allows delayWartezeit
sensitive data such as voice to be dequeued and sent first (before packets in other queues
are dequeued), giving this data preferential treatment over other traffic.
sich den Arsch ablachen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Zusicherungsniveau
Context
country
memory
Unix
organization
OS, PC, Unix
database, MS
OS, PC, Unix
database,
Internet
organization
Unix
country, TLD
government
country
net
government
slang
Cisco
slang
mail
cryptography
It defines the quality of the identification of the certificate owner in the security policy of a
CA/RA.
A letter from one company to another acknowledging a willingness and ability to do business. economy
It is often used to announce a merger or an acquisition.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A logical segmentation of a mainframe's resources (memory etc.) that allows it to run its own IBM
copy of the OS and associated applications. LPARs are caused by special hardware circuits
and allow multiple system images with different functions to run in one machine.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 106 von 207
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Acronym
LPD
Long Term Equivalent
Line Printer D(a)emon
LPD
Low Probability of Detection
LPI
Linux Professional Institute
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Zeilendrucker-Dämon (/dienstbarer
Geist)
geringe
Entdeckungswahrscheinlichkeit
Linux-Experten-Institut
LPI
LPQ
Low Probability of Intercept
Line Printer Queue
geringe Abhörwahrscheinlichkeit
Zeilendrucker-Warteschlange
LPR
Line Printer Requester or Remote Zeilendrucker-Anfrager
LPRng
LPR next generation
LPR der nächten Generation
LPT1
lr
LRA
Line PrinTer #1
Liberia
Local Registration Authority
Zeilendrucker Nr. 1
Liberia
lokale Registrierungsstelle
LRP
Linux Router Project
Linux Router Projekt
LRW
ls
LSA
LSAP
LSASS
[Eigenname / proper name]
Lesotho
LSB
LSB
Liskov, Rivest, and Wagner
Lesotho
LichtSignalAnlage
Link Service Access Point
Local Security Authority
Subsystem Service
Least Significant Bit or Byte
Linux Standard Base
LSD
LSDU
Last Stage of Delirium
Link (layer) Service Data Unit
Endstadium des Deliriums
Verbindungsdienste-Dateneinheit
LSF
Load Sharing Facility
Lastverteilungseinrichtung
LSI
LSO
LSPP
Large Scale Integration
hoher Integrationsgrad
Lesotho
Lesotho
Labeled Security Protection Profile
lt
Ltd.
Lithuania
Limited
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Anschlußdienste-Zugangspunkt
Dienst für das Untersystem als
Autorität für die lokale Sicherheit
niederwertigstes Bit oder Byte
Linux Grundstandard
Litauen
(Ges. mit) beschränkt(er Haftung)
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
A demon that is used to receive requests to print files in the queue, transfer files to the
spooling area, display the queue, or remove jobs from the queue. [RFC 1179]
Result of measures used to hide or disguise intentional electromagnetic transmissions.
Context
Internet, Unix
"The LPI believes in the need for a standardized, multi-national, and respected program to
certify levels of individual expertise in Linux. ... Our goal is to design and deliver such a
program from within the Linux community, ..." (www.lpi.org)
Result of measures to prevent the intercept of intentional electromagnetic transmissions.
It examines the spooling area (printer queue) used by LPD for printing files on the line printer,
and reports the status of the specified jobs or all jobs associated with a user.
The UNIX print command. It is a service program that uses a spooling daemon (LPD) to print
the named files when facilities become available.
An enhanced, extended, and portable implementation of the Berkeley LPR print spooler
functionality. While providing the same interface and meeting RFC 1179 requirements, the
implementation provides support for additional features. (www.lprng.com)
In a PC, the logical name assigned to parallel port #1 that is typically used for the printer.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The local office of a (distributed) RA. Or: The person authorized by their company and the CA
to provide certificate lifecycle management. Its main task is the identification process.
A networking-centric micro-distribution of Linux for building routers, access servers, thin
clients, network appliances, and embedded systems. (www.linuxrouter.org)
A tweakable narrow-block encryption mode for disk encryption.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
Ampel
The last two digits of each SNPA in an OSLAN address. These can be 14, 54 or FE.
It provides an interface for managing local security, domain authentication, and AD
processes. It handles authentication for the client and for the server.
The lowest-order bit (or byte) is the most to the right standing bit (byte) in a binary value.
Its goal "is to develop and promote a set of standards that will increase compatibility among
Linux distributions and enable software applications to run on any compliant Linux system." (
www.linuxbase.org)
A research group in the field of computer and network security. (lsd-pl.net)
UNKLAR: A grouping of user data whose boundaries are preserved from one end of a data
link connection to the other. (layer 2 OSI)
A software, which determines which computers and servers are needed for specific technical
computing jobs and then manages application resources across an entire network. (
www.platform.com)
It means between 3.000 and 100.000 transistors on a chip.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Unix
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
see GmbH
country, TLD
economy
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security
security
Unix
Internet, Unix
Internet, Unix
PC
country, TLD
cryptography
Internet, Unix
cryptography
country, TLD
general
net
MS, security
PC
Unix
security
net
net
chip
country
security
Seite 107 von 207
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Acronym
LTM
LTNS
LTPA
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Long Term Equivalent
Laugh To Myself
Long Time No See
Lightweight Third Party
Authentication
Linux Terminal Server Project
(Literal) Translation {to German}
in sich hinein lachen
lange nicht gesehen
leichtgewichtige Authentisierung über
eine dritte Partei
Linux Terminal-Server-Projekt
LVA
LVCB
Meaning
Context
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
It provides verification of client authorizations using LDAP to tie into user registries. It is based IBM, security
on the use of a token representing a user's credentials and may be used for SSO.
A project to use Linux for diskless workstations (thin clients) that boot from a network server Unix
(also running with Linux). (www.ltsp.org)
Lithuania
Litauen
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Logical Unit
logische Einheit
IBM, net, SNA
In SNA, a port through which an end user accesses the SNA network in order to
communicate with another end user and through which the end user accesses the functions
provided by SSCPs.
Luxembourg
Luxemburg
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Logical Unit type 0
logische Einheit Typ 0
provides generalized program-to-program capabilities
IBM, net, SNA
Logical Unit type 1
logische Einheit Typ 1
IBM, net, SNA
The LU type used for sending SNA Character String (SCS) data streams from host-based
applications to remote terminals, such as 3270 printers or 3770 RJE terminals.
Logical Unit type 2
logische Einheit Typ 2
The LU type used for communications to 3270-type computer terminals.
IBM, net, SNA
Logical Unit type 3
logische Einheit Typ 3
The LU type used for communications with 3270-type printers.
IBM, net, SNA
Logical Unit type 4
logische Einheit Typ 4
used for program to terminal or terminal to terminal data and word processing
IBM, net, SNA
Logical Unit type 6.2
logische Einheit Typ 6.2
IBM, net, SNA
IBM's recent, open networking standard and API enhancement to SNA. Supports peer-topeer communication - for example, either side can initiate a connection, and both sides can
be user workstations (e.g. PCs). Sometimes called APPC. Is part of SAA.
Logical Unit type 7
logische Einheit Typ 7
The LU type used for communications from host to 5250 midrange terminal.
IBM, net, SNA
Logical Unit Application (interface) logische Einheit Anwendung
An API that enables you to write applications to communicate with host applications. It can be IBM, net, SNA
used to communicate with any of the LU types 0, 1, 2, or 3 at the host; it is up to the
application to send the appropriate SNA messages as required by the host application.
Linux User Group
Linux-Benutzergruppe
Unix
Luxembourg
Luxemburg
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Latvia
Lettland
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
Low Voltage
niedrige Spannung
The ability of a chip (e.g. a processor) to be run with a low voltage (e.g. 1,2 V) compared to a chip
normal or previous version of the chip. Thus it needs less power and produces less heat.
Latvia
Lettland
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Logical Volume Control Block
Kontrollblock für logische Datenträger It describes a logical volume. (see LVM)
IBM, Unix
LVM
Logical Volume Manager
Verwaltungsprogramm für logische
Datenträger
LVS
Linux Virtual Server
Linux virtueller Server
LWL
ly
LYLAS
Lichtwellenleiter
Libya(n Arab Jamahiriya)
Love You Like A Sis(ter)
light wave guide
Libyen
(ich) liebe dich wie eine Schwester
LTSP
LTU
LU
lu
LU 0
LU 1
LU 2
LU 3
LU 4
LU 6.2
LU 7
LUA
LUG
LUX
lv
LV
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
It manages disk space at a logical level. It controls fixed-disk resources by mapping data
between logical and physical storage and by allowing data to span multiple disks and to be
discontiguous, replicated, and dynamically expanded.
A highly scalable and highly available server built on a cluster of real Linux servers, with the
load balancer running on the Linux OS. The architecture of the cluster is transparent to end
users. End users only see a single virtual server. (www.linuxvirtualserver.org)
A fibre optic cable to guide light-waves inside.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
IBM, Unix
Unix
net
country, TLD
slang
Seite 108 von 207
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Acronym
Long Term Equivalent
LZW (auch: Lempel-Ziv-Welch
LWZ)
(Literal) Translation {to German}
[Eigenname / proper name]
M
Malta
Mobile COMMERCE
mcommerce
m-payment Mobile PAYMENT
Malta
mobiler Handel
m.B.u.R.
Mit Bitte Um Rücksprache
m.d.B.
m.W.v.
M8
ma
MAC
Mac
Mit Der Bitte (um)
Mit Wirkung Vom
onomatopoeic for Mate
Morocco
Macau
Macintosh
asking you to confer or with request
for consultation
requesting you to or asking you to
with effect from
Kamerad oder Kumpel oder Partner
Marokko
Macao
[Eigenname / proper name]
MAC
Mandatory Access Control
zwingende Zugriffskontrolle
MAC
Media Access Control
Medien-Zugangskontrolle
MAC
Message Authentication Code
Nachrichten-Echtheitscode
Mac OS X
Macintosh OS 10
[Eigenname / proper name]
MacOS
MAD
MAD
Macintosh OS
Madagascar
Mean Absolute Deviation
[Eigenname / proper name]
Madagaskar
mittlere absolute Abweichung
mail
MAL
MAN
MAP
MAPI
mail
Malaysia
Metropolitan Area Network
Mutimedia ArbeitsPlatz (der
Zukunft)
Mail API
Post(sendung)
Malaysia
Großraum-Netzwerk
multimedia working environment (of
the future)
Post API
MAPS
Microsoft Action Pack Subscription
MAR
Morocco
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
A compression method that stems from two techniques introduced by Jacob Ziv and
Abraham Lempel. LZ77 creates pointers back to repeating data, and LZ78 creates a
dictionary of repeating phrases with pointers to those phrases.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
E-commerce by using mobile devices (such as smart phones and handheld computers with
wireless connections ).
mobiles Bezahlen
Marokko
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
Context
compression
country
economy,
telecom
economy,
telecom
slang
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A range of single user, 32-bit PCs manufactured by Apple Computer, originally based on the
Motorola 68000 microprocessor family and a proprietary OS with an user-friendly GUI.
An access control service that enforces a security policy based on comparing security labels
(which indicate how sensitive or critical system resources are) with security clearances (which
indicate system entities are eligible to access certain resources).
The protocol in the lower sublayer of the OSI data link layer that controls access to the
physical transmission medium on a LAN. MAC layer functionality is built into the network
adapter (NIC) and includes a unique serial number (OUI) that identifies each card.
A mechanism that provides message integrity by using a secret key cryptographic function. It
takes a variable length input and a key to produce a fixed-length output.
Apple's latest OS that is the successor to Mac OS 9. Mac OS X Server was introduced in
1999, and the client version came out in 2001. It is POSIX compliant and its kernel (named
"Darwin") is based on BSD 4.4 and was released under an open source license.
In 1994 Apple formally renamed its "System 7" proprietary operating system "MacOS".
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A measure of the difference between the individual items in a population and the mean value.
It is the average of the total unsigned differences.
A planned sponsored TLD that will be available for 'spam-free' e-mail.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
A network of computers with the size between LAN and WAN.
Ein durch das BMWi gefördertes Leitprojekt im Bereich Mensch-Technik-Interaktion in der
Wissensgesellschaft. (www.map21.de)
A programming interface that enables an application to send and receive mail over the
Microsoft Mail messaging system.
slang
slang
slang
country, TLD
country
Apple, PC
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security
net
cryptography,
net
Apple, OS, PC
Apple, OS, PC
country
general
TLD
country
net
general
mail, MS,
program
MS
Seite 109 von 207
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Acronym
MARID
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Mta Authorization Records In Dns MTA-Autorisierungseinträge im DNS
MAS
MAS
Malaysia
Media Application Server
MASS
Message Authentication Signature Signaturstandards zur
Standards
Nachrichtenauthentifizierung
MAU
Medium or Media Access Unit
MAU
Multiple or Multistation Access Unit Mehrfachzugriffseinheit
MAW
Mb
MB
Mbps
MBR
Malawi
MegaBit
MegaByte
Millions of bps or Mega bps
Master Boot Record
Malawi
Megabit
Megabyte
Millionen bps
Hauptstartbereich
MBSA
Microsoft Grundsicherheit-Prüfer
mc
MCA
Microsoft Baseline Security
Analyzer
Monaco
MicroChannel Architecture
MCE
MCERT
Media Center Edition
Mittelstands-CERT
Medienzentrum-Ausgabe
CERT for middle classes
MCM
MultiChip- or MicroChip-Module
MCO
MCOP
Monaco
Multimedia COmmunication
Protocol
Media-Communication-Processor
Microsoft Certified Professional
MCP
MCP
MCP
MCSD
Multi-Chip Package
Microsoft Certified Solution
Developer
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Malaysia
Medien-Anwendungs-Server
Medienzugriffseinheit
Monaco
Mikrokanalarchitektur
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
A DNS-based mechanism for storing and distributing information associated with an
authorization for individual hosts or nodes to act as MTAs for messages sent from those
domains or networks. This will help combat domain forgery common in SPAM.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A "complete mechanism for media support, for all pluri-modal media, for all platforms, for all
operating systems, for all window systems" on the desktop and across the network (based on
RTP) with complete support for the X Window System. (www.mediaapplicationserver.net)
Proposed standards for message signing (to fight SPAM), including: signature format and
binding to message source address; key management procedures; selection of message
content to be signed; mechanisms for minimizing breakage as messages pass through the
mail system; operation of message signing in concert with address-based authorization.
Context
mail
An Ethernet transceiver (a component in LANs that applies signals onto the network wire and
detects signals passing through the wire which is mostly built into the NIC).
A Token Ring network device that physically connects LAN computers in a star topology
(hub) while retaining the logical ring structure. It can short out non operating stations.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Technically 1024 x 1024 = 1.048.576 bits (binary) or 1.000.000 bits (decimal).
Technically 1024 x 1024 = 1.048.576 bytes (binary) or 1.000.000 bytes (decimal).
A measure of the rate of data transmission. 1.000.000 bps
A small program that is executed when a computer boots up. Typically, the MBR resides on
the first sector of the hard disk. The program begins the boot process by looking up the
partition table to determine which partition to use for booting.
MS's tool for a "a streamlined method of identifying common security misconfigurations" in
their products. (www.microsoft.com/technet/security/tools/mbsahome.asp )
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A proprietary 32-bit bus from IBM that was used in PS/2, RS/6000 and certain ES/9370
models. It supports 15 levels of bus mastering and transfers data from 20 to 80MBytes/sec.
Ethernet
Eine Initiative des BITKOM in Form einer PPP mit dem BMI, BMWA und kompetenten
Wirtschaftspartnern mit dem Ziel, den Mittelstand kostengünstig durch verlässliche
Sicherheitsmeldungen und verständliche Empfehlungen zu unterstützen. (www.mcert.de)
Multichip-Modul
A chip package that contains two or more raw chips closely connected with high-density lines.
It saves space and speeds processing due to short leads between chips.
Monaco
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Multimedia-Kommunikationsprotokoll The protocol used for communication between aRts software modules is similar to CORBA
but simpler and optimized for multimedia.
country
X11
cryptography,
mail
net
country
unit
unit
net, unit
PC
MS, security
country, TLD
IBM, PC
MS
security
memory,
processor
country
program
PC, processor
A training program that provides certification of competency in Microsoft products. It is for the MS, PC
user and reseller who supports Windows-based PCs.
chip
MS, program
von Microsoft geprüfter Entwickler von It is for the VAR or software developer. Candidates must pass two exams on Windows
Lösungen
architecture and services and two exams on programming languages of their choice.
von Microsoft geprüfter Fachmann
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 110 von 207
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Acronym
MCSE
Long Term Equivalent
Microsoft Certified Systems
Engineer
(Literal) Translation {to German}
von Microsoft geprüfter
Systemingenieur
MCT
MCU
md
MD4 or 5
Microsoft Certified Trainer
MicroController Unit
Moldova, Republic of ~
Message Digest 4 or 5
von Microsoft geprüfter Ausbilder
Mikrosteuerungseinheit
Moldau, Republik oder Moldawien
Nachrichtenextrakt 4 oder 5
MDA
Model Driven Architecture
Modell-getriebene Architektur
MDA
MDA
Moldova, Republic of ~
Monochrome Display Adapter
Moldau, Republik oder Moldawien
einfarbiger Anzeigeadapter
MDAC
Microsoft Data Access Component Microsoft Datenzugriffskomponente
MDB
mdB
MDG
MDStV
Message Driven Bean
Mit Der Bitte (um)
Madagascar
MedienDienste-StaatsVertrag
MDT
Modified Data Tag
nachrichtengesteuerte Bohne
requesting you to or asking you to
Madagaskar
interstate treaty for or agreement on
media services
Anzeiger für modifizierte Daten
MDV
ME
me
[email protected]
mm
Maldives
(Windows) Millennium Edition
Montenegro
multiMEDIA in KOMMunen
Malediven
Jahrtausendausgabe
Montenegro
multimedia in local communities
MEMS
MES
Mikro-ElektroMechanische
Systeme
Manufacturing Execution System
Fertigungsausführungssystem
MESZ
MeT
MittelEuropäische SommerZeit
Mobile Electronic Transactions
central European summertime
mobile elektronische Transaktionen
METI
Ministry of Economy, Trade and
Industry
Mexico
Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Handel
und Industrie
Mexiko
MEX
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
Technical specialist involved with advanced Microsoft products. Candidates are required to
pass exams on NT Workstation and Server, networking and Windows 95/98. They must
choose two electives from a variety of SQL, SNA and TCP/IP subjects.
Those who train others in these subjects through Microsoft authorized education sites.
A computer on a single chip. It may be used e.g. for smart cards.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A popular one-way hash function developed by R. Rivest which is used to create a message
digest for digital signatures. MD5 is faster than SHA-1, but is less secure. [RFC 1186, 1319,
1320, 1321, 1544, 1810, 1828, 1864, 2082, 2085, 2202, 2286]
A definition by the OMG for an approach to an IT system specification (and distributed
application development) that separates the system functionality from the implementation of
that functionality on a specific technology platform. (www.omg.org/mda)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
An old monochrome video standard for PCs. It supports high-resolution (720 x 350 pixels)
monochrome text but does not support graphics or colors.
A collection of software modules from Microsoft that provide access to databases. It includes
ODBC, OLE DB, ADO, and RDS. (see also UDA)
An EJB generated by the JMS.
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A treaty of the German federal states concerning general conditions for the possible uses of
electronic information and telecommunication services.
A bit in the attribute character of a display field, which, when set, causes that field to be
transferred to the channel during a read-modified operation.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
An upgrade to Microsoft's Windows 98 OS introduced in the summer of 2000.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
An initiative of the German government (BMWi) to provide systematic support for the
development and application of multimedia in towns, cities and local communities. A
municipal competition was announced and in 1999 the jury determined the prizewinners:
Bremen, Esslingen and the Nürnberg municipal association. (www.mediakomm.net)
Context
MS
MESs bring pervasive computerization to plant floors in a systematic way, by placing on a
single platform such diverse functions as quality control, document management, and plantfloor dispatching.
The MEZ or CET shifted by 1 hour from March to October for daylight saving reasons.
A standardization organization founded by several mobile phone manufacturers to establish a
framework for secure mobile transactions, ensuring a CUE independent of device, service
and network. (see PTD) (www.mobiletransaction.org)
The Japanese counterpart of the German BMWA (formerly BMWi) or the US DoC. (
www.meti.go.jp/english)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
enterprise
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
MS
chip, smartcard
country, TLD
cryptography
net, program
country
graphic, IBM,
PC, standard
database, MS
program, Sun
slang
country
law
IBM
country
MS, OS, PC
country, TLD
Curiavant
general
organization,
telecom
government
country
Seite 111 von 207
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Acronym
MEZ
Long Term Equivalent
MittelEuropäische Zeit
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Central European Time (CET)
MF
Master File
Hauptdatei
MF
Medium Frequency
mittlere Frequenz
MFC
MFC
Microsoft Foundation Classes
MultiFunktionale Chipkarte
Microsofts grundlegende Klassen
multifunctional chip card
MFI
MFM
Mad For It
Modified Frequency Modulation
verrückt danach
modifizierte Frequenzmodulation
mg
MGCP
Madagascar
Media Gateway Control Protocol
MGL
mh
MHD
MHL
MHP
Mongolia
Marshall Islands
MindestHaltbarkeitsDatum
Marshall Islands
Multimedia Home Platform
Madagaskar
Kontrollprotokoll für MedienNetzkoppler/Verbindungsrechner
Mongolei
Marshallinseln
MHS
Mail or Message Handling System Postverteilungssystem
MHz
Mi
MIB
MegaHertZ
mebi = megabinary
Management Information Base
MIBs MIBS plural of MIB
MIC
Media Interface Connector
MIC
Message Integrity Check or Code
Marshallinseln
Multimedia Heimplattform
MegaHertZ
binäres Mega
Informations(datenbank) zur
Handhabung
Plural von MIB
Medienschnittstelle-Steckverbinder
Nachrichtenintegritätsprüfung
MID
MIDI
Mobile Internet Device
mobiles Internetgerät
Musical Instrument Digital Interface digitale Schnittstelle für
Musikinstrumente
MIDL
Microsoft Interface Definition or
Description Language
Microsoft
Schnittstellendefinitionssprache
MIDP
Mobile Information Device Profile
Profil für mobile Informationsgeräte
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
The standard time in the time zone of central Europe including the cities Berlin, Madrid, Paris
and Warsaw.
The top level of a smart card's file structure. A card always has a Master File, which may
contain data, DFs or EFs.
A range of the RF spectrum with frequencies from 300 kHz to 3 MHz, corresponding to
wavelengths in the free space between 1 km and 100 m.
A large library of C++ classes developed by Microsoft for Windows-based applications.
Eine vom ZKA definierte Chipkarte, die den parallelen Betrieb von Geldkarte, EMV und
digitaler Signatur ermöglicht.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An older magnetic disk encoding method used on most floppy disks and most hard disks
under 40MB.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A protocol for controlling media gateways (used within a Voice over IP system) that is the
combination of Level 3's IPDC and SGCP from Bellcore and Cisco.
The UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A generic interface between interactive digital applications and the terminals on which those
applications execute. It decouples different provider's applications from the specific hardware
and software details of different MHP terminal implementations. (www.mhp.org)
The set of components (MTAs, MSs, UAs, AUs) that make up an an electronic mail system
(in particular X.400). It provides a generalized service of storage and routing (store-andforward) to convey the messages between users of the electronic mail system.
1.000.000 Hz. E.g. the speed of microprocessors (the clock speed) is measured in MHz.
A prefix for a binary multiple as standardized by the IEC: 1 Mi = 1.048.576 (= 2**20)
An SNMP structure that describes the particular device being monitored. (www.snmplink.org)
[RFC (1066), 1156, 1158, 1212 f, 1227 ff, ...]
see MIB
The FDDI de facto standard connector.
An algorithm (and resulting value) to verify that decoded data are the same data that were
initially sent. Mostly implemented by using secure hash functions (SHA1, MD5).
(www.intel.com/products/mid)
A standard protocol for the interchange of acoustical information between musical
instruments, synthesizers and computers. It defines the codes for a musical event, which
includes the start of a note, its pitch, length, volume and musical attributes (e.g. vibrato).
Microsoft's IDL defines interfaces between client and server programs, required for RPC and
COM/DCOM interfaces. It is actually an object-oriented extension and implementation of the
IDL defined by the OSF for the DCE.
Combined with the CLDC, it is the JRE for mobile information devices (e.g. phones and
PDAs). It provides the core API required by mobile applications - including the user interface,
network connectivity, and local data storage. (java.sun.com/products/midp)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
general
smartcard
telecom
MS, program
smartcard
slang
PC
country, TLD
net
country
country, TLD
general
country
general
mail
unit
unit
Internet
Internet
net
cryptography
PC
program
MS, program
program, Sun
Seite 112 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
MIL
mil
MiM
Long Term Equivalent
MicroSoft Intermediate Language
MILitary
Man-In-the-Middle
MIMD
Multiple Instruction stream /
Multiple Data stream
Mail Interface with Multimedia
Extensions
MIME
MIME
Multipurpose Internet Mail
Extensions
MIMO
MinGW
Multiple Input, Multiple Output
MINimalist Gnu for Windows
MIPC
MIPI
MIPS
MIPS
MIS
MISPC
MISSI
MIT
MITM
MITRE
MIX
mk
MKD
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Microsoft Zwischensprache
Militär
Mann in der Mitte
Meaning
see MSIL
A generic TLD for the US military.
An attack where the hacker interposes himself in the middle between two people
communicating over a network. It allows eavesdropping and manipulation. On a wired
network it generally requires access to a host or network that the victim's traffic transits.
mehrfacher Befehlsstrom, mehrfacher A computer architecture that uses multiple processors, each processing its own set of
Datenstrom
instructions simultaneously and independently of the others. (contrast with SIMD)
Postschnittstelle mit MultimediaA newer e-mail protocol which actually resides above the delivery protocol and describes the
Erweiterungen
content format of the e-mail message. It provides extensions for multimedia e-mail. It seams
to have the same meaning as the more common definition below.
Mehrzweck-InternetnachrichtenAn extension to SMTP. A common method for transmitting non-text files via Internet e-mail,
Erweiterungen
which was originally designed for ASCII text. A MIME header is added to the file which
includes the type of data contained and the encoding method used. [RFC 1341, 1344, 1426,
1428, 1437, 2045 bis 2049]
Mehrfacheingabe, Mehrfachausgabe
minimales GNU für Windows
A collection of freely available and freely distributable Windows specific header files and
import libraries combined with GNU tool sets that allow one to produce native Windows
programs that do not rely on any 3rd-party DLLs. (www.mingw.org)
Mobile Imaging and Printing
Konsortium für mobiles Abbilden und A consortium of leading printer manufacturers "to drive standards for providing consumers
Consortium
Drucken
with a simple ... experience when printing images taken with camera phones".
Mobile Industry Processor
Mobil(telefon)industrie"A collaboration of mobile industry leaders with the objective to define and promote open
Interface
Prozessorschnittstelle
standards for interfaces to mobile application processors." (www.mipi.org)
Microprocessor without Interlocked Mikroprozessor ohne verbundene
Founded in 1984 as MIPS Computer Systems Inc., the company merged with SGI in 1992.
Piped Stages ?
Pipelines ?
MIPS is the designer of RISC-based microprocessors. (www.mips.com)
Millions Instructions Per Second
Millionen Befehle pro Sekunde
A measure for the execution speed of a computer. It is one factor in overall performance.
Management Information System Leitungs-Informationssystem
An information system that integrates data from all the departments it serves and provides
operations and management with the information they require.
Minimum Interoperability
minimale
A technical description to provide a basis for interoperation between PKI components from
Specification for Pki Components Interoperabilitätsspezifikation für PKI- different vendors. It consists primarily of a profile of certificate and CRL extensions and a set
Komponenten
of transactions for PKI operation.
Multilevel Information System
mehrstufige InformationssystemA NSA program to encourage development of interoperable, modular products for
Security Initiative
Sicherheitsinitiative
constructing secure network ISs in support of a wide variety of government missions.
[Eigenname / proper name]
Massachusetts Institute of
A private technical university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. (www.mit.edu)
Technology
Man-In-The-Middle
Mann in der Mitte
see MiM
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
A not-for-profit US national resource that provides systems engineering, research and
development, and information technology support to the government. (www.mitre.org)
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
A theoretical model of a computer from the sixties (1960 ff), which is used for different
educational purposes by Donald Knuth in his book TAOCP. He replaced it by MMIX.
Macedonia, former Yugoslav
Mazedonien, ehemals jugoslawische The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
Republic
Republik
Macedonia, former Yugoslav
Mazedonien, ehemals jugoslawische The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Republic
Republik
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
MS, program
TLD
net, security
processor
Internet, mail
Internet, mail
program
graphic,
organization
program,
telecom
company,
processor, SGI
PC, unit
enterprise
cryptography
security
organization
net, security
government,
organization
processor
country, TLD
country
Seite 113 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
ml
ML
Glossar - Abkü
MLC
MLI
MLI
MLS
Long Term Equivalent
Mali
Marktamt und
Landwirtschaftsbehörde
Multi-Level-Cell
Mali
Mobile Linux Initiative
MultiLevel Security
MLT
mm
MMC
Malta
Myanmar (formerly: Burma)
Microsoft Management Console
MMC
MultiMediaCard
MMCA
MultiMediaCard Association
MMF
MultiMode Fiber
MMIX
Millenium MIX
MMR
MMS
Myanmar (formerly: Burma)
Microsoft Metadirectory Service
MMS
Multimedia Messaging Service
MMU
Memory Management Unit
MMUSIC
MMX
Multiparty MUltimedia SessIon
Control
MultiMedia eXtension
mn
MNG
MNP
mo
mobi
Mongolia
Mongolia
Northern Mariana Islands
Macau
MOBIle (telephone)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
(www.osdl.org/lab_activities/mobile_linux/mli)
mehrstufige Sicherheit
A system that can simultaneously process data communications at different levels of
classification while enforcing secure access and authorization.
Malta
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Myanmar (früher: Birma)
Microsoft Verwaltungs-Bedieneinheit An administration tool set by MS for WinNT, that is now integrated in W2K. It provides the
framework for the AD administration tools, hosting programs constructed as snap-ins.
Multimedia-Karte
A global, open standard for compact, removable, solid-state memory in small, low power
devices. (see MMCA)
Multimedia-Karte-Vereinigung
An organization of more than 100 members to promote the adoption of the MMC. (
www.mmca.org)
Mehrmoden-Glasfaser
An optical fiber with a core diameter of from 50 to 100 µm. It is the most commonly-used
optical fiber for short distances such as LANs.
Jahrtausend MIX
It is a design for a (virtual) RISC computer by Donald E. Knuth "to illustrate machine-level
aspects of programming". (www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/mmix.html)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Myanmar (früher: Birma)
Microsoft Meta-Verzeichnisdienst
Microsoft's metadirectory product. It propagates modifications between multiple directories
and maintains data integrity between more than one repository.
Multimedia-Nachrichtendienst
An enhanced short message service (compare SMS) for cellphones that enables graphics,
video clips and sound files to be transmitted.
Speicherverwaltungseinheit
A virtual memory circuit (typically part of the CPU) that translates logical addresses into
physical addresses either in the RAM or in a mass storage device.
Mehrparteien-MultimediaA working group of the IETF that develops protocols to support Internet teleconferencing
Sitzungssteuerung
sessions. (www.ietf.org/html.charters/mmusic-charter.html)
Multimedia-Erweiterung
A set of 57 extra instructions built into some versions of Intel's Pentium microprocessors for
supporting SIMD operations on multimedia and communications data types.
Mongolei
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Mongolei
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Nördliche Marianen
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Macao
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A planned generic TLD for web sites that are designed for mobile devices with small screens.
Mobil(telefon) oder Handy
MOBLIN
MO(D)
MOBile & internet LINux* project
Magneto-Optic (Disk)
magneto-optische (Platte)
MOC
Mozambique (Moçambique)
Mosambik
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Mali
office for markets and farming
authority
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 720)
Mali
Context
country, TLD
Nuremberg
country
organization
security
country
country, TLD
MS
memory
memory,
organization
net
processor
country
database, MS
graphic, telecom
memory
Internet
PC, processor
country, TLD
country
country
country, TLD
TLD
organization
(www.moblin.org)
A rewritable optical disk that uses a combination of magnetic and optical methods. MO disks memory
use removable cartridges and come in two form factors. The 3.5" disks hold 128MB, 230MB
and 640MB, and the 5.25" disks hold 650MB, 1.3GB, 2.6GB and 5.2GB. The latter are
double sided, but must be removed and flipped over to use the other side.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
modem
Long Term Equivalent
MOdulator-DEModulator
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Modulator-Demodulator
MOF
MOF
Managed Object Format
Meta Object Facility
verwaltetes Objektformat
Metaobjekteinrichtung
MOF
Microsoft Operations Framework
Microsoft Tätigkeitsrahmen
Moin!
Meldewesen Online In
Niedersachsen
online registration in Lower Saxony
MOM
Message-Oriented Middleware
Nachrichten-orientierte Middleware
MOM
MOMPL
MON
MoReq
MorF
MoS
MOSS
Microsoft Operations Manager
MOMent PLease
Monaco
MOdel REQuirements for the
management of electronic records
Male OR Female?
Mother Over Shoulder
MIME Object Security Standard
Motif
no acronym or abbreviation!
MOU
Memorandum Of Understanding
MOZ
mp
MP3
Mozambique (Moçambique)
Northern Mariana Islands
MPEG Audio Layer 3
MPAA
MPEG
Motion Picture Association of
America
Moving Pictures Experts Group
MPF
MicroProcessor Forum
Mikroprozessor-Forum
MPI
MPL
Message Passing Interface
Mozilla Public License
Mozilla öffentliche Lizenz
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
einen Moment bitte
Monaco
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:50
Meaning
Context
A device that allows a computer or terminal to transmit data over a standard telephone line by general
converting digital pulses from the computer to audio tones and vice versa.
An ASCII file that contains the formal definition of a CIM schema.
net
net, program
An object model with four levels (meta-meta model, meta model, model and instance data)
from the OMG for defining meta-data in a distributed CORBA environment.
MS
It "provides technical guidance" (e.g. white papers, operations guides, best practices, case
studies, templates) "that enables organizations to achieve mission-critical system reliability, ...
supportability, and manageability of MS products and technologies."
Ein Projekt der kommunalen Verbände und Datenzentralen Niedersachsens zum Austausch government
von Melderegisterdaten per OSCI mit Hilfe von Governikus (siehe OSCAR). (www.moin.ag)
Software that provides an interface between applications, allowing them to send data back
and forth to each other asynchronously.
(www.microsoft.com/mom)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
männlich oder weiblich?
Mutter (sieht) über die Schulter
MIME-Objekt-Sicherheitsstandard
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An Internet RFC, designed as a successor to PEM. It adds PEM-based security services to
MIME messages in much the same manner as S/MIME. It applies digital signature and
encryption services to MIME objects. Also called PEM-MIME. [RFC 1848]
[Eigenname / proper name] Motiv
A set of GUI guidelines developed by the OSF which specifies how an X Window System
oder Muster
application should "look and feel". It has become the standard GUI for UNIX. [IEEE 1295]
Absichtserklärung oder Vereinbarung A signed document formally expressing an agreement between two or more parties about the
common understanding and the common will how to cooperate in doing something.
zur Zusammenarbeit
Mosambik
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Nördliche Marianen
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
MPEG Audio Schicht 3
A very popular, lossy audio compression technology that is part of the MPEG-1 and MPEG-2
specifications. Developed by FhG it is patented but open and free to use.
Filmvereinigung von Amerika
An organization that "serves as the voice and advocate of the American motion picture, home
video and television industries". (www.mpaa.org)
Expertengruppe für bewegte Bilder
An ISO committee that generates standards for digital video compression and audio. Also the
name of their algorithms and file formats. MPEG-1 is optimized for CD-ROM and is the basis
for MP3. MPEG-2 is aimed at broadcast quality video (e.g. for DVD). MPEG-4 is a standard
for low bandwidth video telephony and multimedia on the WWW .
net
MS
slang
country
slang
slang
cryptography,
Internet, mail
X11
economy
country
country, TLD
compression
organization
compression
A yearly conference and exhibition about the design and manufacturing of microprocessors. ( processor
www.mdronline.com/mpf)
law
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
MPLS
Long Term Equivalent
Multi Protocol Label Switching
MPOA
MPP
MPPC
MultiProtocol Over ATM
Massively Parallel Processing
Microsoft Point-to-Point
Compression
Martinique
Message Queue
mq
MQ
mr
MRAM
MRI
MRO
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Mehrfach-Protokoll-Kennung-Schalten A specification for layer 3 switching from the IETF. It uses labels, or tags, that contain
forwarding information, which are attached to IP packets by a router that sits at the edge of
the network. It is expected to deliver the QoS necessary for services like VoIP.
Mehrfachprotokoll über ATM
An ATM Forum standard that provides routing of legacy protocols (IP) over ATM networks.
Massiv-Parallel-Verarbeitung
A multiprocessing architecture that uses up to thousands of processors.
Microsoft Punkt-zu-Punkt
A data compression method from Microsoft that is used to reduce the amount of data sent
Kompression
over a VPN.
Martinique
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Nachrichten-Warteschlange
A storage space in memory or on disk that holds incoming transmissions until the computer
can process them.
Mauretanien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
magnetischer RAM(-Speicher)
Mauritius
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
MRP
Mauritania
Magnetic RAM
Mauritius
Maintenance, Repair and Office or
Operations
Manufacturing Resources Planning Fertigungsmittelplanung
MRP
Material Requirements Planning
MRRG
MeldeRechtsRahmenGesetz
MRT
MS
MS
Mauritania
Mauritius
Message Store
MS
MicroSoft
ms
MS-DOS
MSB
MSCHAP
Montserrat
MicroSoft DOS
Most Significant Bit or Byte
MicroSoft CHAP
MSCL
MSDE
MSDLC
MicroSoft Community License
Microsoft Sql Desktop Engine
MicroSoft Data Link Control
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
Context
Internet
net
processor
compression,
MS
country, TLD
net, program
country, TLD
memory
country
A computerized method for planning the use of a company’s resources, including scheduling enterprise
raw materials, vendors, production equipment, and processes. Systems include financials,
manufacturing, and distribution management.
Materialbedarfsplanung
enterprise
A software module that uses bills of material, inventory data, and the master production
schedule to calculate requirements for materials. It makes recommendations to release
replenishment orders for materials.
registration law outline act
A German federal law that covers the general obligation to register when moving into or out of law
a housing unit. It provides guidelines for the registration laws of the federal states.
Mauretanien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Mauritius
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Nachrichtenspeicher
An optional MHS component that acts as an intermediary between an UA and MTA. It often mail
co-resides with the MTA serving it. The primary purpose of the MS is to provide a repository
for the delivery of messages - which is in X.400 the analogy of a mailbox.
[Eigenname / proper name]
company, MS
The world's largest software company, founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. (
www.microsoft.com)
Montserrat
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
[Eigenname / proper name]
see DOS
MS, OS, PC
The upper bit (or byte or digit) is the most to the left standing bit in a binary value.
PC
höchstwertiges Bit oder Byte
Microsoft CHAP
v2 provides authentication functionality consistent with LAN-based methods including
cryptography,
password change sequences. Mutual authentication is provided for by the inclusion of an
MS, net
authenticator packet returned to the client after a successful server authentication.
law, MS
database, MS
Microsofts Datenverbindungskontrolle A communications protocol for Windows clients that supports terminal connections to IBM
HP, IBM, MS
mainframes and AS/400s. HP printers that are attached via the network using HP's JetDirect
internal print servers may optionally use or even require this protocol.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
MSDN
MSG
MSI
MSI
MSI
MSIE
MSIL
MSMQ
MSN
MSP
MSPL
MSR
MSR
MSRL
MSRT
MSVC
mt
MTA
MTA
MTBF
MTBR
MTF
MTFBWU
MTJ
MTN
MTOPS
Long Term Equivalent
MicroSoft Developers Network
Glossar - Abkü
Meaning
A subscription service from Microsoft for software developers. It includes technical
documentation and news, patches and fixes for existing products and beta copies of
upcoming releases. (msdn.microsoft.com)
MeSsaGe
Nachricht
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Medium Scale Integration
mittlerer Integrationsgrad
It means between 100 and 3.000 transistors on a chip.
Micro-Star International
[Eigenname / proper name]
A Taiwanese computer company that manufactures motherboards, graphics cards, optical
storage devices, workstations, servers and slim PCs. (www.msicomputer.com)
MicroSoft Installer
Microsoft Installierer
MS's installation system for Windows. It compresses the application into .MSI 'package' files,
and the MSIEXEC.EXE program in the Windows PC performs the installation.
MicroSoft IE
[Eigenname / proper name]
see IE
MicroSoft Intermediate Language Microsoft Zwischensprache
The IL in Microsoft's .NET development platform that is executed by the CLR. Every
programming language supported in Microsoft's Visual Studio .NET is first compiled to the
MSIL. It is also called CIL.
MicroSoft Message Queue (server) Microsoft Nachrichtenwarteschlange- Messaging middleware for WinNT from MS that allows programs to send messages to other
Server
programs. It can be used e.g. to queue up transactions in a transaction processing system.
MicroSoft Network
Microsoft-Netzwerk
An online service from Microsoft that was launched with Windows 95. It offers e-mail, topicrelated forums, and full access to the WWW.
Message Security Protocol
Nachrichten-Sicherheitsprotokoll
The military equivalent of PEM; an X.400-compatible application level protocol for securing email, developed by NSA in late 1980.
MicroSoft Permissive License
MicroSoft Research
Microsoft Forschung
The research department of MS. (research.microsoft.com)
Montserrat
Montserrat
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
MicroSoft Reference License
Malicous Software Removal Tool
MicroSoft Visual C
Malta
Malta
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Nachrichtenübermittlungsdienst
Mail or Message Transfer Agent
The part of an electronic mail system (in particular X.400) that handles the transport, routing
and delivery (if necessary also conversion) of the messages. It is the principal component of
a MHS and performs the store-and-forward message transfer function.
Multi-Threaded Apartment
mehrfach eingefädelte Wohneinheit In Microsoft's COM a logical container for objects that is associated with multiple threads that
are allowed to call those objects' interface methods directly. The objects can be called from
any thread associated with the MTA. There is one MTA for each process.
Mean Time Between Failure
mittlere Zeit zwischen Ausfällen
The average time a component works without failure.
Mean Time Between Repair
mittlere Dauer zur Wiederherstellung There seems to be no clear definition. Some usage suggests that instead "MTTR = mean
time to repair" (the time needed to repair something) is meant.
More To Follow
weiteres folgt
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
May The Force Be With yoU
Möge die Macht mit dir sein!
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Magnetic Tunnel Junction
Mauritania
Mauretanien
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Million Theoretical Operations Per Million theoretischer Operationen pro A measurement of a computer's cryptographic performance in decoding a secret message.
Second
Sekunde
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Microsofts Netzwerk für Entwickler
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
MS, program
slang
chip
company
MS, program
Internet, MS
MS, program
MS
Internet, mail,
MS
cryptography,
mail
law, MS
MS
country
law, MS
MS, security
MS, program
country, TLD
mail
MS, program
error
error
slang
slang
country
unit
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Acronym
MTP
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
Meaning
A protocol based on PTP and running over IP for the transfer of media (such as images) to
and from a broad range of portable media devices (like digital cameras), while delivering
enhanced device management and significant performance improvements.
Martinique
Martinique
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Message Transfer System
Nachrichtenübertragungssystem
A network of MTAs (for electronic mail, in particular X.400) that provides store-and-forward
message transfer between UAs, MSs, and AUs. It delivers messages directly into MSs for
local users and queues messages for delivery to remote MTAs. The heart of a MHS.
Microsoft Transaction Server
Microsoft Transaktions-Server
A TP monitor for Windows NT servers from Microsoft that supports transaction-based
applications on LANs, the Internet and Intranets. It also serves as the infrastructure for a
multitier system. It is used in the middle tier between the client and the database server.
MailTrusT
Postvertrauen
"Eine umfassende Spezifikation für die Konstruktion interoperabler Informationssysteme, die
sowohl die Authentizität und Integrität als auch die Vertraulichkeit von elektronischen
Informationen und Dokumenten gewährleisten." (see ISIS-MTT)
Maximum Transmission Unit
maximale Übertragungseinheit
The largest packet that can be sent through the data link layer of the network.
Mauritius
Mauritius
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Mail User Agent
Post-Benutzer-Dienstprogramm
An e-mail client application program that is used to read and write mails. (see UA)
Multi-User Dungeon or Domain or Mehrbenutzer-Kerker oder Gebiet
Interactive games played by several people in a cyberspace where users can take on an
Dimension or Dialog
oder Dimension oder Dialog
identity in the form of an avatar and interact with one another at a time on the Internet.
MULTiplexed Information and
Mehrfach-Informations- und
The first timesharing OS, developed at MIT and Bell Labs in the mid 1960s. Precursor of
Computing Service
Computersystem
UNIX.
MULTi-applicationOS
Mehrfachanwendung- Betriebssystem An open, secure, multi-application chip card OS. It provides co-residence of multiple, interoperable, platform independent applications. (www.multos.com)
Mauritius
Mauritius
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Movement for the Use of Smart
Bewegung für die Nutzung von
"A project to coordinate the development of smart cards and applications under Linux. The
Cards in a Linux Environment
Smartcards in einer Linux-Umgebung purpose is to develop a set of compliant drivers, API's, and a resource manager for various
smart cards and readers for the GNU environment." (www.linuxnet.com)
museum
Museum
A sponsored TLD that is available to museums.
Miss yoU So Much
(ich) vermisse dich so sehr
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Maldives
Malediven
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Model View Controller
Modell - Ansicht - Steuerung
In the MVC paradigm (originally a concept of Smalltalk, now widely used for GUIs) the user
input (controller), the modeling of the external world (model), and the visual feedback to the
user (view) are explicitly separated and handled by three types of object, each specialized for
its task. (see also www.webmacro.org/ModelViewController)
Context
MS, net
MVNO
MVP
Mobile Virtual Network Operator
Most Valuable Professional
besonders wertvoller Fachexperte
telecom
MS
MVS
Multiple Virtual Storage
Mehrfache virtuelle Speicherung
mw
MWI
mwm
Malawi
Malawi
Motif Window Manager
Malawi
Malawi
Motif Fenster-Manager
MTQ
MTS
MTS
MTT
MTU
mu
MUA
MUD
MULTICS
MULTOS
MUS
MUSCLE
museum
MUSM
mv
MVC
Long Term Equivalent
Media Transfer Protocol
Glossar - Abkü
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Medienübertragungsprotokoll
A member of a MS newsgroup who is awarded this title by MS because he is recognized by
peers and also by MS for his practical expertise and active participation in the MS technical
community. (mvp.support.microsoft.com)
Introduced in 1974, the primary OS used on IBM mainframes [S/390] (the others are VM and
DOS/VSE). MVS is a batch processing-oriented OS that manages large amounts of memory
and disk space.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A certain application (X-client), that may manage the windows in an X window system.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
mail
MS, net
cryptography,
mail
net
country, TLD
mail
Internet
OS, Unix
OS, smartcard
country
smartcard
TLD
slang
country, TLD
program
IBM, OS
country, TLD
country
X11
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Acronym
MX
Long Term Equivalent
Mail eXchange(r) (record)
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Post-Austausch(er) (Datensatz)
mx
MXT
Mexico
Memory eXpansion Technology
Mexiko
Speichererweiterungstechnologie
my
MYA
myHTPC
Malaysia
Myanmar (früher: Birma)
mein Heimkino-PC
MYOB
Malaysia
Myanmar (formerly: Burma)
MY Home Theater Personal
Computer
Mind Your Own Business
MYS
MySQL
Malaysia
MY Sructured Query Language
Kümmere dich um deine eigenen
Angelegenheiten!
Malaysia
meine strukturierte Abfragesprache
MYT
mz
N
N or Nbg
Mayotte
Mozambique (Moçambique)
Norway
Nürnberg
Mayotte
Mosambik
Norwegen
Nuremberg [Eigenname]
N.N.
n00b
N1
na
NA
NA
Nomen Nominandum(Latin)
NewBie
onomatopoeic for Nice one
Namibia
Netherlands Antilles
Neutral (or No threaded)
Apartment
a name to be designated
Neuling oder Grünschnabel
ein(e) Nette(r)
Namibia
Niederländische Antillen
neutrale Wohneinheit
It is standing for a yet unknown name (e.g. if an inquired person did not yet agree).
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
In Microsoft's COM+ a logical container for objects that is associated with a set of threads.
The component instances run on the same thread type as the caller's thread. NAs (like
MTAs) allow more than one thread to enter an apartment. But once a thread has entered an
apartment, it obtains a lock and no other thread can enter until it exits.
NAB
Name and Address Book
Namens- und Adressbuch
"The NAB of a Lotus Notes server is the central administrative database, which contains not database
only the user administration information but also the essential configuration data for a server."
NAC
Network Admission Control
Netzwerk-Erlaubnis-Kontrolle
NAC
Network Applications Consortium
Netzwerkanwendungen-Konsortium
NAFTA
North American Free Trade
Agreement
Network Associates, Inc.
nordamerikanisches FreihandelsÜbereinkommen
[Eigenname / proper name]
It allows networks to identify vulnerable systems and enforce effective network admission
controls by allowing only trusted endpoint devices (e.g. PCs, servers) that comply with the
latest corporate antivirus and operating system patch policies to access the network.
An industry consortium of end-users dedicated to promoting integration, interoperability and
vendor competition of "business-critical applications being developed for the heterogeneous,
virtual enterprise computing environment". (www.netapps.org)
A treaty of the North-American countries USA, Canada and Mexico about building a free
trade area. (www.nafta-sec-alena.org)
Formed in 1997 from the acquisition of Network General by McAfee Associates, the company
offers products that protect, manage, and monitor computer networks. Via acquisitions, it has
entered the encryption technology sectors. (www.nai.com)
NAI
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
An entry in a domain name database (DNS resource record type) that identifies the mail
server that is responsible for handling e-mails for that particular domain.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A memory expansion technique introduced by IBM for its Intel-based servers. Using a
hardware compression algorithm, it doubles the amount of main memory in the computer.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A free software for a highly customizable, menu driven front end that allows to launch
external programs, browse pictures and other media stored on a PC. (www.myhtpc.net)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Context
mail, net
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A relational DBMS that runs on a variety of UNIX servers as well as Windows and OS/2. It
uses a subset of ANSI SQL as the query language in order to keep it compact and provide
rapid access. (www.mysql.com)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Name of a German city in Bavaria that is part of the regional [email protected] project.
country
database
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country, TLD
IBM, memory
country, TLD
country
graphic
slang
country
country, TLD
country
Curiavant,
Nuremberg
general
slang
slang
country, TLD
country
MS, program
Cisco, net,
security
net,
organization
economy
company,
cryptography,
net
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Acronym
naiin
Long Term Equivalent
No Abuse In InterNet
(Literal) Translation {to German}
kein Missbrauch im Internet
Meaning
Context
Ein Verein von Vertretern der deutschen Internet-Wirtschaft, der Politik, sowie von Initiativen, Internet
Verbänden und Privatpersonen mit dem Ziel "dem Missbrauch des globalen Mediums
Internet für illegale und antidemokratische Aktivitäten ... entgegenzutreten." (www.naiin.org)
NAK
NAM
name
NAND
NAP
NAPTR
Negative AcKnowledge(ment)
Namibia
name
Not AND
Network Access Protection
Naming Authority PoinTeR
negative (Empfangs-)Quittung
Namibia
Name
nicht und
Netzwerk-Zugriffsschutz
A control code in the ASCII code:
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A generic TLD that is available for registration by individuals.
NAS
Network Access Server
NAS
Network Attached Storage
Server für den Netzwerzugang oder
-zugriff
Netzwerk-verbundene Speicherung
NASA
National Aeronautics and Space
Agency
Network Address Translation or
Translator
NAT
[RFC 2915]
A server in a network dedicated to authenticating users that log on. It may refer to a
dedicated server or to the software service within a server.
A specialized file server that connects to the network. It uses traditional LAN protocols and
processes only file I/O requests.
nationale Luft- und Raumfahrtbehörde An independent agency of the US government responsible for aviation and spaceflight. (
www.nasa.gov)
Netzwerkadressenübersetzung
A router connecting two networks; one designated as inside, is addressed with either private
or obsolete addresses that need to be converted into legal addresses before packets are
forwarded onto the other network (designated as outside). [RFC 1631, 1918]
NATO ?
A planned generic TLD for the NATO ?
Nauru
The UN vehicle code for this country.
nächster Werktag
The next business day after the current date. Often a period until a service will be done.
keine große Sache
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
NetBIOS Namensdienst
A part of NBT that converts NetBIOS names to IP addresses.
nationales Amt für Normen
see NIST
NetzBIOS
A protocol supporting NetBIOS services in a TCP/IP environment. It is a required session
layer protocol in a Windows network, because it supports the names assigned to each
Windows client and server. [RFC 1001, 1002]
Netzwerk Computer
A computer in a network that is designed to execute Java programs locally. NCs do not
contain any storage devices, so they must be connected to a server that holds the data.
Neu-Kaledonien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
kein Kommentar
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Nicaragua
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
nationales Zentrum für fortschrittliche A "national cybersecurity research center" in the US that will be led by the NCSA and the
Forschung über sichere Systeme
University of Illinois. It was "launched to address the nation's critical need for a dynamic,
adaptive cybersecurity infrastructure". (www.ncassr.org)
[Eigenname / proper name]
Hardware- (X-Terminals "Explora") and software company (X-Server "PC-Xware").
nato ?
NAU
NBD
NBD
NBNS
NBS
NBT
NATO ?
Nauru
Next Business Day
No Big Deal
NetBios Name Service
National Bureau of Standards
NetBIOS over TCP/IP
NC
Net(work) Computer or Client
nc
NC
NCA
NCASSR
New Caledonia
No Comment
Nicaragua
National Center for Advanced
Secure Systems Research
NCD
NCI
NCITS
Network Computing Devices
Non Coded Information
National Committee for Information Nationales Komitee für
Technology Standards
Informationstechnologie-Normen
NCL
New Caledonia
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Neu-Kaledonien
see INCITS. (From 1997-2001 INCITS operated as "Accredited Standards Committee
NCITS, National Committee for Information Technology Standards". From 1961-96 NCITS
operated as "Accredited Standards Committee X3, Information Technology".)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
ASCII
country
TLD
MS, security
Internet,
telecom
security
memory, net
government,
organization
Internet, security
TLD
country
general
slang
Internet, MS
standard
Internet, MS
net
country, TLD
slang
country
organization,
security
company, X11
standard
country
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
NCP
Long Term Equivalent
Netware Core Protocol
NCP
NCP
Network Communications Products [Eigenname / proper name]
engineering GmbH
Network Control Program
Netzwerk-Kontrollprogramm
A German company (located in Nürnberg) that offers software products and services for high net
security remote access solutions in unprotected wide-area-networks. (www.ncp.de)
The software running on an IBM FEP. It resides in the communications controller (front end IBM, net, SNA
processor) and manages the routing and data link protocols, such as SDLC and Token Ring.
NCQ
Native Command Queuing
PC
NCS
National Communications System nationales Kommunikationssystem
NCSA
National Center for
Supercomputing Applications
National Computer Security
Association
National Computer Security Center
nationales Zentrum für
Supercomputer-Anwendungen
nationale Vereinigung für
Computersicherheit
Nationales Zentrum für
Computersicherheit
A command protocol for SATA that makes it possible to have several outstanding commands
within a drive at the same time. It increases storage performance on random workloads by
allowing the drive to internally optimize the order of commands.
A group of 23 US federal departments and agencies that coordinates and plans systems to
support responses to crises and disasters. (www.ncs.gov)
An US center for high-performance computing at the University of Illinois founded by the
NSF. NCSA invented Mosaic, the first easy to use Web browser. (www.ncsa.uiuc.edu)
see ICSA. (renamed in 1998)
organization,
security
NCSP
National Cyber Security
Partnership
nationale Partnerschaft für CyberSicherheit
NCW
Network Centric Warfare
netzwerkzentrierte Kriegsführung
NDA
Non-Disclosure Agreement
NDIS
NDPS
Network Driver Interface
Specification
Novell Distributed Print Services
Geheimhaltungsabkommen,
Vertraulichkeitsvereinbarung
NetzwerktreiberSchnittstellendefinition
Novell Verteilte Druckdienste
An US government organization within the NSA that evaluates computing equipment and
develops and publishes standards and criteria for trusted information systems. (
www.nsa.gov/isso/partners/ncsc.htm)
A public-private partnership (the BSA, the ITAA, TechNet and the U.S. Chamber of
Commerce in voluntary partnership with academicians, CEOs, federal government agencies
and industry experts) to make cyberspace more secure. (www.cyberpartnership.org)
The transformation of warfare in the Information Age. "The concept of NCW links sensors,
communications systems, and weapons systems in an interconnected grid that allows for a
seamless information flow to warfighters, policy makers, and support personnel."
An agreement signed between two parties that have to disclose confidential information to
each other in order to do business.
This is an data-link layer interface for different systems using a network device. Described by
the NDIS papers by Microsoft and 3Com.
A full-featured printing protocol co-developed by Novell, Xerox and HP that provides print
services on NetWare file servers. Based on the SNMP and ISO 10175 open standards, it
runs as an NLM on a NetWare server, and the client part runs under Windows. It supports
QMS and LPR/LPD.
NDR
Network Data Representation
Netzwerk-Datenrepräsentation
NDS
Netware Directory Services
ne
NE
NE1
Niger
onomatopoeic for aNy
onomatopoeic for aNyone
NCSA
NCSC
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
NetWare-Kernprotokoll
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
eigene Befehls-Warteschlange
Meaning
The application layer protocol in NetWare. It is the internal NetWare language used to
communicate between client and server and provides functions such as opening, closing,
reading and writing files and obtaining access to the NetWare bindery and NDS naming
service databases.
A common, machine independent and data independent format (similar to XDR) to represent
data of different types in a DCE RPC as it is used for DCOM.
Verzeichnisdienste für NetWare
Novell's directory service for Netware (included since version 4), Windows NT, and UNIX
complies with the X.500 standard. It provides a logical tree-structure view of all resources on
the network which are represented as objects of classes with properties.
Niger
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
jede(r) oder irgendeine(r)
jede(r) oder irgendeine(r) oder jemand A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
net, Novell
security
organization
security
organization,
security
general
general
MS, net
net, Novell
net
database, net,
Novell
country, TLD
slang
slang
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Acronym
NEBS
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
Network Equipment Building
System
Nippon Electric Company
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Nessus
Netherlands
Nepal
Niger
Network Encryption System
New European Schemes for
Signatures, Integrity, and
Encryption
no acronym or abbreviation!
Niederlande oder Holland
Nepal
Niger
Netzwerk-Verschlüsselungssystem
neue europäische Schemata für
Signaturen, Integrität und
Verschlüsselung
[Eigenname / proper name]
NET
net
Net8
dot NET(work)
NETwork
NETwork version 8
[Eigenname / proper name]
Netzwerk
[Eigenname / proper name]
NetBEUI
NETwork Bios Extended User
Interface
Netzwerk-BIOS erweiterte Benutzerschnittstelle
NetBIOS
NETwork Basic Input Output
System
Basis-Eingabe/Ausgabe-System für
Netze
NetBSD
net(work) BSD
Netz(werk)-BSD
netiquette
NETwork etIQUETTE
Netzwerk-Etikette oder
Anstandsregeln
netizen
NetWare
NETwork citIZEN
NET(work)WARE (in the style of
hardware, software)
Netzwerkbürger
Netzwerk-Ware
newbie
NEW Boy
Neuling oder Grünschnabel
NeXT
New EXtended Technology
[Eigenname / proper name]
nf
NFA
Norfolk Island
Need Fast Answer
Norfolkinsel
(ich) brauche schnell eine Antwort
NEC
NED
NEP
NER
NES
NESSIE
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
[Eigenname / proper name]
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
Meaning
Context
The most common set of safety, spatial and environmental design guidelines applied to
standard,
telecommunications equipment in the US. (www.arcelect.com/NEBS.htm)
telecom
company
Japanese company that is "offering a full spectrum of products and systems in
semiconductors, electron devices, communications, computer peripherals, imaging, and
computers." (www.nec.com)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
The UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
An older, certificate-based, packet network encryption system certified by the NSA.
cryptography
cryptography
A project within the Information Society Technologies (IST) programme of the European
Commission with the objective "to put forward a portfolio of strong cryptographic primitives
that has been obtained after an open call and been evaluated ...".(www.cryptonessie.org)
A project that aims to provide to the Internet community a free, powerful, up-to-date and easy security
to use remote security scanner. (www.nessus.org)
MS, program
see .NET (at the beginning of the list)
A generic TLD that is available to persons and businesses worldwide.
TLD
The networking technology (originally named SQL*Net) that allows Oracle services and
database, net,
clients to communicate with each other over a network. It allows clients to talk to database
Oracle
servers, but it also enables server-to-server and other types of communication.
MS, net
It is an enhanced version of the NetBIOS protocol used by network OSs such as LAN
Manager, LAN Server, WfW, Windows 9x and Windows NT. It was originally designed by IBM
for their Lan Manager server and later extended by Microsoft and Novell.
The native networking protocol in DOS and Windows networks. Although originally combined MS, net
with its transport layer protocol (NetBEUI), NetBIOS today provides an API for applications at
the session layer. It can ride over NetBEUI or over TCP/IP and SPX/IPX.
OS, Unix
"A free, secure, and highly portable UNIX-like OS available for many platforms, from 64-bit
AlphaServers and desktop systems to handheld and embedded devices." It is available for
more than 40 different platforms. (www.netbsd.org)
Internet
The conventions of politeness for posting messages to online services (mailing lists,
newsgroups, e-mail). It covers rules to maintain civility (e.g. avoiding flames, not posting to
inappropriate groups), but also guidelines unique to the electronic nature of the media.
An user of the Internet.
Internet
Novell, OS
Novell's proprietary networking OS for PCs. It uses the IPX/SPX, NetBEUI or TCP/IP
protocols and supports DOS, MS Windows, OS/2, Mac and Unix clients. It provides a
consistent interface that is independent of the actual hardware (Ethernet, Token Ring).
slang
Originally from British public-school and military slang variant of "new boy" it denotes an
inexperienced user of a computer system (or particularly an online service like the Internet).
company, OS
A computer company that became a software company and then merged into Apple. It
developed an object-oriented OS (NeXTStep).
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
NFC
Long Term Equivalent
Near Field Communication
NFD
NFK
NFM
NFM
NFS
Nur Für den Dienstgebrauch
Norfolk Island
None For Me
Not For Me
Network File System or Service
NFS
Network File System or Service
(continued)
NFS
NG
Number Field Sieve
Next Generation
ng
NGA
NGN
NGPT
Nigeria
Nigeria
Next Generation Network
Next Generation Posix Threads
NGR
NGSCB
Nigeria
Next-Generation Secure
Computing Base
NHTCU
National Hi-Tech Crime Unit
ni
NIAC
Nicaragua
National Information Assurance
Council
NIAP
National Information Assurance
Partnership
NIC
Network Information Center
NIC
Network Interface Card
NIC
NICSS
Nicaragua
Next generation Ic Card System
Study group
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Nahfeldkommunikation
Meaning
Context
This use of short-range wireless interaction in consumer electronics, mobile devices and PCs net
aims to enable users to access services in an intuitive way by simply touching smart objects
and connecting devices by holding them next to each other. (www.nfc-forum.org)
government
Norfolkinsel
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
keine(r) für mich
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
nicht für mich
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Netzwerk-Dateisystem
The de facto UNIX standard networking protocol developed by Sun that allows files and
net, NFS, Sun,
printers to be shared across the network. NFS services are also available on Windows NT
Unix
servers. [RFC 1094, 1813]
Netzwerk-Dateisystem
The counterpart of NFS in the DOS, Windows and OS/2 world is SMB, and in NetWare it is net, NFS, Sun,
NCP. NFS, SMB and NCP are all high-level protocols (layers 5 to 7) that provide open and
Unix
close file and read and write functions as well as access control.
Zahlenkörpersieb
The newest and probably fastest algorithm to divide a large number in its prime factors.
cryptography
nächste Generation
general
An addition to denote a newer version of something, e.g. for CheckPoint's new version of
firewall and VPN product suite.
Nigeria
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Nigeria
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Netzwerk der nächsten Generation
net, telecom
program, Unix
POSIX-Threads der nächsten
This derivative of the GNU Pthreads enables multithreading and achieves near full POSIX
Generation
compliance and significant performance improvements on SMP machines. (see NPTL)
Nigeria
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
MS, security
sichere Rechnerbasis der nächsten A new name for the security platform from MS previously called Palladium. It requires a
Generation
special chip to be included on PC mainboards and provides security solutions (e.g. user
authentication, data encryption, privacy safeguards, prevention of viruses, and DRM).
nationale (Bekämpfungs-)Einheit für UK's first national law enforcement organisation tasked to combat computer-based crime. (
government,
Hochtechnologieverbrechen
www.nationalcrimesquad.police.uk/nhtuc/nhtcu.html)
security
Nicaragua
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Nationaler Rat für
A council initiated by the US president. It includes private and local and state government
organization,
Informationszusicherung
representatives in the various sectors or infrastructures and works on recommendations on security
how to improve vulnerability disclosure.
security
nationale Informationszusicherungs- An US government initiative designed to meet the security testing, evaluation, and
Partnerschaft
assessment needs of both IT producers and consumers. It is a collaboration between the
NIST and the NSA. (niap.nist.gov) (see also CC, CCTL)
Netzwerkinformationszentrum
Internet
A body that provides information, assistance and services (e.g. NIS) to network users. In
particular the domain name registration project (InterNIC), that provides host names and
addresses which are accessed automatically by computers (BIND). (see also NSI)
Netzwerk-Schnittstellenkarte
An adapter circuit board installed in a computer to provide a physical connection to a network. net
It provides services at the data link level of the network (OSI layers 1 and 2).
Nicaragua
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Studiengruppe für IC-Karten-Systeme A Japanese study group that "aims at examining the common platform for next generation IC smartcard
der nächsten Generation
card systems for public use and at contributing to the establishment of social and information
infrastructures for the promotion of such systems". (www.nicss.gr.jp)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 123 von 207
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Acronym
NIFIS
NIG
NII
NIK
NIM
NIMBY
NiMH
NIPC
NIS
NIS+
NISCC
NISO
NISSC
NIST
NIU
NKF
NKFE
NKR
nl
NLB
NLD
NLD
Glossar - Abkü
Long Term Equivalent
Nationale Initiative Für InternetSicherheit
Niger
National Information Infrastructure
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
national initiative for Internet security An initiative of Interxion Telecom GmbH, CERTCOM and eco to build a German network of
emergency stations that provide help for companies that are attacked over the Internet.
Niger
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
nationale Informationsinfrastruktur
The nation-wide interconnection of communications networks, computers, databases, and
consumer electronics that make vast amounts of information available to users.
Nürnberger Initiative für die
Nuremberg initiative for the
Ein Verein mit ca. 80 Mitgliedern als Branchenplattform für die Informations- und
Kommunikationswirtschaft
communications economy
Kommunikationstechnik in der Region Nürnberg. (www.nik-nbg.de)
Network Installation Management Netzwerk-Installationsverwaltung
An environment that provides installation and configuration of software within a network
interface.
Not In My Back Yard
nicht in meinem Hinterhof
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Nickel-Metal Hydrid
Nickel-Metallhydrid
A rechargeable battery technology that provides approximately 50% more charge per weight
than nickel cadmium and does not suffer from the 'memory effect'.
National Infrastructure Protection nationales Zentrum zum Schutz der An US government's agency for threat assessment, warning, investigation, and response for
Center
Infrastruktur
threats or attacks against critical infrastructures. (www.nipc.gov)
Network Information Service
Netzwerk Informationsdienst
Along with NFS, results in a method of providing a distributed database system to centralize
(storing one copy, each on a single computer) common configuration files, such as the
password file (/etc/passwd) and the hosts file (/etc/hosts). {yellow pages}
NIS plus
NIS plus
NIS with enhanced security by using secure RPCs with authentication instead of normal
RPCs.
National Infrastructure Security Co- Koordinationszentrum für die
An interdepartmental organization set up to co-ordinate and develop existing work within the
ordination Centre
Sicherheit der nationalen Infrastruktur UK Government departments and agencies and organizations in the private sector to defend
the CNI against electronic attack. (www.niscc.gov.uk)
National Information Standards
Organisation für nationale
"A non-profit association accredited by the ANSI, identifies, develops, maintains, and
Organization
Informationsnormen
publishes technical standards to manage information." (www.niso.org)
National Information Systems
nationale Sicherheitskonferenz für
A leading global forum on computer and information systems security. (csrc.nist.gov/nissc)
Security Conference
Informationssysteme
National Institute of Standards and nationales Institut für Normen und
The standards-defining agency of the US government, formerly called the National Bureau of
Technology
Technologie
Standards (NBS). (www.nist.gov)
Niue
Niue
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
new municipal financial management
Neues Kommunales
Finanzmanagement
Neues Kommunales
new municipal financial management
Finanzmanagement Erlangen
in Erlangen
Neues Kommunales
Rechnungswesen
Netherlands
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
Niederlande oder Holland
Network Load Balancing
Netzwerk-Lastverteilung
A clustering technology that enhances the scalability and availability of mission-critical,
TCP/IP-based services (such as Web servers) by distributing IP traffic to multiple copies of a
service, each running on a host within the cluster.
Netherlands
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Niederlande oder Holland
Novell Linux Desktop
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
Internet, security
country
net
organization
IBM, Unix
slang
general
security
database, NFS
security, Unix
organization,
security
organization,
standard
security
organization,
standard
country
government
Erlangen
government
country, TLD
net
country
Novell, Unix
Seite 124 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
NLM
Long Term Equivalent
Netware Loadable Module
NLS
NationalLanguage Support
NLS
Native Language System
NLSP
NLSP
Netware Link-State Protocol
Network Layer Security Protocol
NLT
NLZ
No Later Than
No-Lone Zone
NM
NM
Nmap
Never Mind
Nothing Much
Network MAPper
NMH
NMM
Not Much Here
Network-integrated Multimedia
Middleware
NMPA
NMS
National Music Publishers
Association
Network Management System
NN
Net Node
NNI
Network-to-Network Interface
NNM
NNS
Network Node Manager
Netware Name Services
NNTP
Network News Transfer Protocol
no
no.
NO1
NOC
Norway
NumerO (Latin for number)
onomatopoeic for NO one
Network Operations Center
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
(Literal) Translation {to German}
NetWare-ladbares (Programm-)
Modul
Meaning
Software that runs in a NetWare server. Although NetWare servers store DOS and Windows
applications, they do not execute them. All programs that run in a NetWare server must be
compiled into the NLM format.
nationale Sprachunterstützung
The ability of a software to support multiple native languages and national conventions
(character and code sets, date formats etc.) while still having a single set of source code.
Muttersprachen-System
A set of interfaces specified by X/Open for developing applications to run in different natural
language environments.
Netware Verbindungsstatusprotokoll A protocol for the exchange of routing information in some networks.
Netzwerkschicht-Sicherheitsprotokoll A standard by the ISO that is derived from SP3. It includes a network layer key establishment
protocol that served as a starting point for some of the current IPsec key management
proposals. It is rarely used. [ISO-IEC DIS 11577]
nicht später als
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
nicht-alleine-Zone
An area, room, or space that, when staffed, must be occupied by two or more appropriately
authorized individuals who remain within sight of each other.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Macht nichts! oder Schon gut!
nicht viel
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Netzwerk-Kartograph
An open source utility for network exploration or security auditing. It uses raw IP packets to
determine what hosts are available on the network, what services they are offering, what OS
they are running, and other characteristics. (www.insecure.org/nmap)
nicht viel da
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
This project designs and develops an architecture that allows to create distributed multimedia
applications easily: local and remote multimedia devices or software components can be
controlled transparently and integrated into a common multimedia processing flow graph. (
www.networkmultimedia.org)
Context
net, Novell
nationale Vereinigung der MusikVerleger
Netzwerkverwaltungssystem
law,
organization
security
"Representing over 800 American music publishers" it works "to interpret copyright law,
educate ... about licensing, and safeguard the interests of its members." (www.nmpa.org)
A collection of software for managing the security of the other components in the MISSI
architecture.
Netzknoten
{In SNA, nodes are end points or junctions, and data links are the pathways between them.
Nodes are defined as Type 5 (hosts), Type 4 (communications controllers) and Type 2
(peripheral; terminals, PCs and midrange computers).}
Netzwerk-zu-Netzwerk-Schnittstelle In ATM networking, the interface between two ATM devices (typically ATM switches). In
frame relay networking, the interface between two separate frame relay networks.
Netwerkknotenverwaltung
A network management solution by HP that is a part of OpenView.
NetWare Namensdienste
NNS was as an add-on to NetWare 3 designed to synchronize the binderies of a group of
NetWare servers.
Nachrichten-Übermittlungsprotokoll im The distribution method protocol for USENET news service between servers and
Netzwerk
newsreaders (clients). [RFC 977, 1036]
Norwegen
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A common Latin abbreviation in English that means 'number'. (see Nr.)
Nummer (abgekürzt Nr.)
niemand
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Netz-Betriebszentrale
A location from which the operation of a network or Internet is monitored.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
general
general
net
cryptography,
net
slang
security
slang
slang
Internet, security
slang
IBM, net, SNA
net
net
net, Novell
Internet
country, TLD
general
slang
net
Seite 125 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
nonce
Long Term Equivalent
No more than ONCE or oNly
ONCE ?
(Literal) Translation {to German}
(einstweilen) ?
NOR
NOR
NOYB
np
NP
NPACI
Norway
Not OR
None Of Your Business
Nepal
No Problem
National Partnership for Advanced
Computational Infrastructure
NPL
NPM
Nepal
NetView Performance Monitor
NPSI
NPTL
Nationaler Plan zum Schutz der
Informationsinfrastrukturen
Native Posix Thread Library
nr
Nr.
NRC
Nauru
Nummer
National Research Council
Norwegen
nicht oder
nichts was dich angeht
Nepal
kein Problem
nationale Partnerschaft für eine
fortschrittliche rechenbetonte
Infrastruktur
Nepal
Netz-Sicht Anzeige für das
Leistungsverhalten / den Durchsatz
national plan for the protection of IT
infrastructures
Bibliothek angeborener POSIXThreads
Nauru
number
nationaler Forschungsrat
NRIC
Network Reliability and
Interoperability Council
(Bei-)Rat zur Verläßlichkeit und
Interoperabilität von Netzwerken
NRN
NRO
NRU
NSA
No Response or Reply Necessary
Number Resource Organization
Nauru
National Security Agency
keine Antwort notwendig
Organisation für Nummernhilfsmittel
Nauru
Nationale Sicherheitsbehörde
NSAPI
Netscape Server API
NSC
NSCD
NonStop Cluster
National Cyber Security Division
Netscape-Server-Schnittstelle für
Anwendungsprogramme
unterbrechungsfreier Cluster
NSD
Name Server Daemon
Namensdienst-Dämon
NSDB
Network Security DataBase
Netzwerksicherheit-Datenbank
NSF
National Science Foundation
Nationale Wissenschaftsstiftung
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
Meaning
A value that is used no more than once for the same purpose, which means it varies with
time. A nonce can be a time stamp, a visit counter on a Web page, or a special marker
intended to limit or prevent the unauthorized replay or reproduction of a file.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Context
security
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An US effort at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) "to advance science by
creating a ubiquitous, continuous, and pervasive national computational infrastructure: the
grid." (www.npaci.edu)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
An IBM licensed program that collects, monitors, analyzes, and displays data relevant to the
performance of a VTAM telecommunication network.
slang
country, TLD
slang
organization
country
country
IBM, net
net, security
program, Unix
A new implementation of a POSIX thread library for GNU C which is corresponding to the
Linux kernel 2.5.x under development. (see also NGPT)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
The German abbreviation for 'number'. (see no.)
general
It is part of the US national academies (National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of organization
Engineering and Institute of Medicine) and provides services (e.g. advising) to the
government, the public and the scientific communities. (www.nas.edu/nrc)
An US council (of carriers, equipment manufacturers, state regulators, consumers)
organization,
established by the FCC to study the causes of service outages in telecommunication
security
networks and to develop recommendations to reduce them. (www.nric.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A planned umbrella organization of the four RIRs RIPE, APNIC, ARIN, and LACNIC.
Internet
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Agency of the US government responsible for intercepting foreign communications for
cryptography,
intelligence reasons and for developing cryptographic systems to protect US communications. government,
(www.nsa.gov)
organization
A programming interface on Netscape's Web Server. Using NSAPI function calls, Web pages program
can invoke programs on the server, typically to access data in a database.
Software by SCO for their UnixWare OS to achieve high availability with a cluster of PCs.
SCO, Unix
organization,
security
Internet
An authoritative only, high performance, simple and open source name server (as a
replacement for BIND). (www.nlnetlabs.nl/nsd)
Cisco, security
An online, HTML-based reference guide that provides background information on the
vulnerabilities detected by Cisco's IDS. It contains current well-known security vulnerabilities
grouped by OS.
An independent US government agency that funds and fosters R&D in natural sciences.
organization
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
NSF
Long Term Equivalent
Notes Storage File or Facility
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Notizen-Speicherdatei
NSFF
NSI
Network Security Framework
Forum
National Security Institute
Forum für ein NetzwerksicherheitRahmenwerk
nationales Institut für Sicherheit
NSI
Network Solutions, Inc.
[Eigenname / proper name]
NSIS
Nullsoft Scriptable Installer System
NSM
Neues SteuerungsModell
NSO
Network Security Officer
NSP
NSS
Network Service Provider
Name Service Switch
NSSN
National Standards Systems
Network
NSTAC
National Security
Telecommunications Advisory
Committee
NSTISSC
NT
NT
NTBA
NTCB
National Security Telecommunications and Information
Systems Security Committee
(Windows) New Technology
Network Terminator
Network Terminator Basic Access
Network Trusted Computing Base
NTD
NTFS
Notice-and-Take-Down
New Technology File System
NTIA
National Telecommunications and Nationale Telekommunikations- und
Information Administration
Informationsverwaltung
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
Meaning
Context
The file extension that is used for application files created by Lotus Notes and Domino. These database, IBM
files, also known as Notes databases, contain all the documents stored by the application,
along with structural information, and document layout information.
net, security
Formerly a working group established by NSA to discuss DoD security needs. Now it is
renamed to IATFF. (www.nsff.org > www.iatf.net)
It "provides a variety of professional information and security awareness services to ...
government,
security executives throughout the US". It is "helping clients interpret and implement
security
government security directives and establish sound security strategies". (www.nsi.org)
In 1993, agreements between the NSF, General Atomics and AT&T formed the InterNIC
company,
project, which turned the government's registration of Internet domain names over to this
Internet,
private organization. The company began charging its service in 1995. Now a part of Verisign. organization
(www.nsi.com)
(nsis.sourceforge.net/Main_Page)
program
new public management or literal new
control(ling) or steering model
Netzwerksicherheitsverantwortlicher An individual formally appointed by a DAA to ensure that the provisions of all applicable
directives are implemented throughout the life-cycle of an AIS network.
Netzwerk-Dienste-Anbieter
A high-level Internet provider that offers high-speed backbone services. ISPs hook into it.
Namensdienst-Umschalter
It controls how a client workstation or application obtains network information and determines
which naming services, and in what order, an application uses to obtain naming information.
The switch is a file called nsswitch.conf in the /etc directory.
Netzwerk nationaler Normensysteme "A National Resource for Global Standards". A cooperative partnership between the ANSI,
US private-sector standards organizations, government agencies, and international standards
organizations. (www.nssn.org)
nationales beratendes Gremium für "Composed of ... industry chief executives representing the major communications and
Telekommunikationssicherheit
network service providers and IT, finance, and aerospace companies, the NSTAC provides
industry-based advice and expertise to the President on issues ... related to implementing
national security ..." (www.ncs.gov/nstac/nstac.htm)
government
Sicherheitskomitee (für) nationale
Sicherheit (in) Telekommunikationsund Informationssystemen
neue Technologie
Netz(werk)abschlußgerät
Netzabschlußgerät für Basiszugang
vertrauenswürdige Rechengrundlage
für Netzwerke
A forum of government departments and agencies for discussion of policy issues. It sets
national policy, and promulgates direction, operational procedures, and guidance for the
security of national security systems. Now CNSS. (www.nstissc.gov)
An advanced 32-bit OS from Microsoft for Intel x86 and Alpha CPUs.
Netzschnittstelle
Netzschnittstelle beim Endverbraucher für einen ISDN-Basisanschluß.
The totality of protection mechanisms within a network (including hardware, firmware, and
software), the combination of which is responsible for enforcing a security policy.
organization,
security
Dateisystem für (Windows) NT
MS
A file system (IFS) used in Windows NT that uses the Unicode character set, allows upper
and lower case letters (without distinguishing the names!) and allows file names up to 255
characters in length. It has features to improve reliability (e.g. transaction logs to help recover
from disk failures) and to control access to files (individual permissions).
This "agency of the US DoC is the Executive Branch's principal voice on domestic and
international telecommunications and information technology issues." (www.ntia.doc.gov)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
net, security
Internet
Unix
organization,
standard
organization,
security
MS, OS, PC
net, telecom
telecom
net, security
government,
telecom
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Acronym
nTLD
NTLM
Long Term Equivalent
National Top-Level Domain
(Windows) NT LanManager
(Literal) Translation {to German}
nationale TLD
(Windows) NT LAN-Verwalter
ntop
Network TOP
Netzwerk-TOP
NTP
Network Time Protocol
Netzwerk-Zeit-Protokoll
NTSC
National Television Standards
Committee
standard,
telecom
nu
NUI
NUMA
Komitee für nationale Fernsehnormen The body defining the television video signal format used in the USA. It defines a composite
video signal with a refresh rate of 60 half-frames (interlaced) per second at 525 lines of
resolution. The European equivalent is PAL.
The Japanese telecommunications company is in this business the largest of the world.
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone [Eigenname / proper name]
corporation
Niue
Niue
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Network User Identifier
Netzbenutzer-Kennung
A code used to gain access into local European packed-switched networks.
Non-Uniform Memory Access
nicht gleichförmiger Speicherzugriff
A multiprocessing architecture in which memory is separated into close and distant banks.
NUMA-Q
(see NUMA)
[Eigenname / proper name]
company,
telecom
country, TLD
net
memory,
processor
IBM, Unix
NURBS
Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines
ungleichartige/-mäßige rationale BSpline(kurve)
NÜSt
NVLAP
NÜrnberg STift
National Voluntary Laboratory
Accreditation Program
NeVer Mind
Non-Volatile Memory
Network Voice Protocol
Nuremberg seminary ?
nationales Akkreditierungs-programm
für freiwillige Labors
Macht nichts! oder Schon gut!
nichtflüchtiger Speicher
Netzwerk-Stimmen-Protokoll
Non-Volatile RAM
No Way
No Way out
National White Collar Crime
Center
No eXecute
New Zealand
New Zealand
öffentlich bestellt und vereidigt
ohne Ort
nichtflüchtiger RAM
keine Chance oder keineswegs
kein Ausgang oder Ausweg
nationales Zentrum für
Wirtschaftskriminalität
nicht ausführen
Neuseeland
Neuseeland
public appointed and sworn
without (statement of) place
NTT
NVM
NVM
NVP
NVRAM
NW
NW)
NW3C
NX
nz
NZL
ö.b.u.v.
o.O.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
see ccTLD
An authentication process that’s used by all members of the Windows NT family of products.
It uses a challenge/response process to prove the client’s identity without requiring that either
a password or a hashed password be sent across the network.
"A network traffic probe that shows the network usage, similar to what the popular 'top' UNIX
command does." (www.ntop.org)
A protocol built on top of TCP/IP that assures accurate local timekeeping with reference to
radio, atomic or other clocks located on the Internet. This protocol is capable of synchronizing
distributed clocks within milliseconds over long time periods. (www.ntp.org) [RFC 958, 1059,
1119, 1128, 1129, 1165, 1305, 1708]
Context
Internet, TLD
cryptography,
MS, net
net, Unix
Internet
A family of Intel-based servers from IBM that use a NUMA architecture. The NUMA-Q line
was developed by Sequent Computer Systems, which IBM acquired in 1999.
NURBS curves and surfaces are parametric functions which can represent any type of curves graphic
or surfaces. They are industry standard tools for the representation and design of geometry.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 810)
Nuremberg
The US accreditation authority for commercial IT security evaluation facilities operating within security
the NIAP CC evaluation and validation scheme.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
memory
Internet
A protocol for secure, high-quality, low-bandwidth, real-time, full-duplex digital voice
communications over packet-switched computer communications networks. [RFC 741]
RAM that holds its content without power.
memory
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
An US support network for enforcement agencies involved in the prevention, investigation,
government,
and prosecution of economic and high-tech crime. (www.nw3c.org)
law, security
PC, processor
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
slang
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
slang
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
OA
Long Term Equivalent
Object Adapter
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Objektadapter
OA
OAEP
OrdnungsAmt
Optimal Asymmetric Encryption
Padding
no acronym or abbreviation!
city hall ?
optimale asymmetrische
Verschlüsselung mit Auffüllen
[Eigenname / proper name]
OARC
Operations, Analysis, and
Research Center
Zentrum für Betrieb, Analyse und
Forschung
OAS
Oracle Application Server
Oracle Anwendungs-Server
OASIS
OAUG
Organization for the Advancement
of Structured Information
Standards
Oracle Applications Users Group
OB
OBEX
OBM
OBM
OC4J
OberBürgermeister
OBject EXchange
OberBürgerMeister
Original Brand Manufacturer
Oracle Containers for J2ee
Organisation für die
Weiterentwicklung strukturierter
Informationsnormen
Benutzergruppe für OracleAnwendungen
lord mayor
Objekt-Austausch
lord mayor
OCF
OpenCard Framework
OCI
OCR
OCSP
Open Catalog Interface
Optical Character Recognition
Online Certificate Status Protocol
ODA
ODBC
Optical Disc Association
Open DataBase Connectivity
offene Datenbankverbindung
ODEM
Online-DEMonstration
Online-Demonstration
ODF
ODI
OpenDocument Format
Open Data-Link Interface (also:
Open Device Interface)
Oakeley
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Oracle Behälter für J2EE
Rahmenwerk für offene Karten
optische Zeichenerkennung
Protokoll zur Online(-Abfrage) des
Zertifikatstatus
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:51
Meaning
The interface between the ORB and a CORBA server process listens for client connections,
maps the inbound requests to the desired target object instance, and makes the operation
call and handles return data.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 320)
A provably secure way of encrypting a message.
Context
net, program
A key establishment protocol (proposed for IPsec but superseded by IKE) based on the
Diffie-Hellman algorithm and designed to be a compatible component of ISAKMP.
A joint effort of ISC and CAIDA that "provides a neutral forum for bilateral sharing of sensitive
information during DNS attacks by organizations that are dependent on the proper operation
of the DNS." (oarc.isc.org)
"An integrated, standards-based software platform that ... provides all the middleware
services you need to deploy and manage applications and Web services, deliver
personalized applications through enterprise portals and mobile devices, provide real-time
business intelligence, integrate applications, and automate business processes."
Internet, security
"An international not-for-profit consortium that designs and develops industry standard
specifications for interoperability based on XML." It "drives the development, convergence
and adoption of e-business standards." (www.oasis-open.org)
"The pre-eminent, international, and independent voice of users of Oracle applications." (
www.oaug.org)
The head of several mayors of a big town. (see BM)
Borlands mechanism for (partial) document exchange over different transports.
see OB
organization,
standard
The computer recognition of printed or written characters by scanning and analyzing.
An Internet protocol used by a client to obtain from a server the current validity status and
other information concerning a digital certificate without requiring CRLs. [RFC 2560]
general
cryptography
Nuremberg
cryptography
Internet, security
Oracle,
program, Sun
Oracle,
organization
government
program
government
economy
The core J2EE runtime component of the Oracle application server (OAS). It is J2EE 1.3
Oracle,
compatible and runs on standard J2SE distributions. (otn.oracle.com/tech/java/oc4j)
program, Sun
A smart card specification from the OpenCard Consortium. It provides a common interface for organization,
both the smart card reader and the application on the card. It is based on Java and enables program,
also interaction with PC/SC supported devices. (www.opencard.org)
smartcard, Sun
organization
database, MS
A standard database access method developed by Microsoft to access any data from any
application, regardless of the DBMS used. This is done by inserting a middle layer (an ODBC
driver) between an application and the DBMS, that translates the application's data queries
(ODBC function calls) into commands (SQL and others) of the DBMS.
"Eine Plattform zur Veranstaltung von Online-Demonstrationen und Initiative zur Wahrung der organization
Menschen- und Grundrechte in einem freien Internet." (www.odem.org)
offenes Dokumentenformat
standard
offene Datenverbindungs-Schnittstelle Novell´s data-link layer interface similar to NDIS for systems using the network interface.
net, Novell
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
ODM
Long Term Equivalent
Object Data Manager
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Objektdaten-Verwaltung
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
A data manager intended for the storage of system data. Information used in many
commands and SMIT functions is stored and maintained in the ODM as objects with
associated characteristics.
ODM
ODSI
Original Design Manufacturer
Open Directory Services Interface offene Verzeichnisdienst-Schnittstelle A programming interface from Microsoft for gaining access to network naming services and
directory services.
OECD
Organization for Economic CoOrganisation für wirtschaftliche
An international organization founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world
operation and Development
Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung
trade. Its members are industrialized countries "sharing a commitment to democratic
government and the market economy". (www.oecd.org)
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer Originalausrüstungshersteller
A manufacturer that sells equipment to a reseller. Also refers to the reseller itself.
OFB
Output FeedBack mode
Ausgabe-Rückkopplungs-Modus
A mode that runs a block cipher as a synchronous stream cipher. It is intended for use in
noisy lines, because corrupted ciphertext blocks do not corrupt the plaintext blocks that
follow.
OFDM
Orthogonal Frequency Division
orthogonale FrequenzmultiplexA FDM modulation technique for transmitting large amounts of digital data over a radio wave
Multiplexing
Technik
(e.g. in WLANs). It works by splitting the radio signal into multiple smaller sub-signals that are
then transmitted simultaneously at different frequencies to the receiver.
OFE
Optimistic Fair Exchange
optimistischer Handelsaustausch
A research project of IBM in Zurich (CH) concerning security in e-commerce.
Open Financial eXchange
offener Finanzaustausch
OFX (or
A single, unified specification for exchanging financial data over the Internet. It is a
combination of Microsoft Open Financial Connectivity, Intuit's Open Exchange, and
OFE)
Checkfree's electronic banking and payment protocols. (www.ofx.net)
OGC
Office of Government Commerce
OGSA
Open Grid Services Architecture
offene Gitter-Dienste-Architektur
An open source implementation of a distributed computer system architecture based on Web
services concepts. (www.gridforum.org/ogsa-wg , www.globus.org/ogsa)
OHIO
Open Host Interface Objects
offene Host-Schnittstellenobjekte
It provides a vendor-neutral core set of classes and methods as an API that allows the
development of platform independent applications (Java) that can access host information at
the data stream level. [Draft, not yet RFC]
OIC
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Oh, I C (onomatopoeic for see)
Oh, ich sehe oder verstehe (jetzt)!
OID
Object Identifier
Objektbezeichner
An unique sequence of integers separated by periods (.). Object identifiers permit the global
registration of objects and are assigned to attribute types, object classes, name forms, and
matching rules (schema elements), etc. (www.alvestrand.no/objectid)
OIN
Open Invention Network
(www.openinventionnetwork.com)
OISAFETY Organization for Internet SAFETY Organisation für Internet-Sicherheit
An organization of companies that "was formed to make it easier for security researchers and
vendors to work together to fix security vulnerabilities". (www.oisafety.org)
ok.
okay
in Ordnung
OLAP
OnLine Analytical Processing
analytische Online-Verarbeitung
Decision support software that allows the user to quickly analyze information that has been
summarized into multidimensional views and hierarchies.
OLE
Object Linking and Embedding
Objekte verknüpfen und einbetten
A compound document standard (COM) developed by MS. It enables you to create objects
with one application and then link or embed them in a second application. An embedded
object retains its original format and links to the application that created it.
OLE DB
Ole DataBase
OLE Datenbank
An API for data access from MS. It is a COM object that functions in a similar manner to
ODBC, but for every type of data source, not just SQL databases. (see ADO)
OLED
Organic LED
organische LED
A thin-film, monolithic, light-emitting device that typically consists of a series of organic layers
between two electrical contacts.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
IBM, Unix
economy
MS
organization
economy
cryptography
telecom
IBM, security
cryptography,
Internet, MS
net
IBM, program
slang
database
organization
organization,
security
general
enterprise
MS, program
database, MS,
program
general
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Acronym
OLPC
OLTP
Long Term Equivalent
One Laptop Per Child
OnLine Transaction Processing
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Ein Laptop pro Kind
online-Transaktionsverarbeitung
olwm
Open Look Window Manager
offene Sicht Fenster-Manager
om
OMA
Oman
Object Management Architecture
Oman
Objektverwaltungsarchitektur
OMA
OMA
Oman
Open Mobile Alliance
Oman
offene Mobil(funk)-Allianz
OMAP
OMG
Open Multimedia Applications
Protocol
Object Management Group
offenes Protokoll für MultimediaAnwendungen
Objektverwaltungsgruppe
OMG
OMN
OMTP
Oh My God
Oman
Open Mobile Terminal Plattform
Oh mein Gott!
Oman
OMW
ONC
On My Way
Open Networking Computing
auf meinem Weg
offenes Netzwerk-Rechnen
ONE
Open Net Environment
offene Netz-Umgebung
OO
Object-Oriented
objektorientiert
OO
OO
OOH
OOo
OOP
OOTD
OP
OPAC
OpenOffice
Over and Out
Out Of Here
OpenOffice.org
Object-Oriented Programmimg
One Of These Days
On Phone
Online Public Access Catalog
OPCODE
OPerations CODE
offene Büro(anwendung)
Basta, Ende!
von hier aus
offene Büro(anwendung).org
objektorientiertes Programmieren
einer dieser Tage
am Telefon
Katalog zum öffentlichen OnlineZugriff
Befehlscode
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
Context
PC
The processing of transactions by computers in real time by a program (e.g. IBM's CICS) that net, program
facilitates and manages transaction-oriented applications, typically for data entry and retrieval
transactions (e.g. in banking, airlines, and mailorder applications).
A certain application (X-client) by Sun, that may manage the windows in an X window system. Sun, X11
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A definition of a standard object model from the OMG. It defines the behavior of objects in a
distributed environment. The communications component of the OMA is CORBA.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
An alliance of approx. 300 companies throughout the mobile service chain to foster growth in
the mobile services industry by delivering open standards, promoting an architectural
framework and doing interoperability tests. (www.openmobilealliance.org)
"TI's OMAP platform delivers a comprehensive mix of processors, software and support for a
wide range of real-time, multimedia-rich products" with low power consumption.
An international organization to endorse technologies as open standards (e.g. CORBA) for
object-oriented applications. (www.omg.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
(www.omtp.org)
country, TLD
net, program
A powerful, multi-platform office suite, distributed under the GPL. (www.openoffice.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
see OO (OpenOffice)
see OO (Object-Oriented)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A computerized system to catalogue and organize materials in a library. OPACs have
replaced card-based catalogues in many public libraries.
Code composed largely of words and phrases suitable for general communications use.
application
slang
slang
application
program
slang
slang
Curiavant
country
organization,
standard,
telecom
processor,
program
organization,
standard
slang
country
organization,
telecom
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Sun's networking protocols to support distributed computing. Includes NFS, NIS, and RPC. A net, Sun
newer version (ONC+) is part of Sun's Solaris 2.x OS and includes security and performance
enhancements.
"Sun's standards-based software vision, architecture, platform, and expertise for building and Sun
deploying services on demand." (wwws.sun.com/software/sunone)
A software development methodology that offers the programmer standard reusable software program
modules (components), rather than requiring him to write custom programming code each
time. It is based on the concept of an "object" which is a data structure encapsulated with a
set of routines, called "methods", which operate on the data.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
general
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Acronym
OpenBSD
Long Term Equivalent
OPEN BSD
(Literal) Translation {to German}
offenes BSD
Meaning
A "free, multi-platform 4.4BSD-based UNIX-like OS". The project emphasizes "portability,
standardization, correctness, proactive security and integrated cryptography". It "supports
binary emulation of most programs from SVR4 (Solaris), FreeBSD, Linux, BSD/OS, SunOS
and HP-UX." (www.openbsd.org)
Context
OS, Unix
OpenCA
OPEN CA
offene CA
cryptography
OpenCms
OpenDOS
OpenGL
OPEN CMS
OPEN DOS
OPEN Graphics Library or
Language
offenes CMS
offenes DOS
offene Grafikbibliothek
OpenGL
OPEN Graphics Library or
(continued) Language
offene Grafikbibliothek
"A collaborative effort to develop a robust, full-featured and open source out-of-the-box CA
implementing the most used protocols with full-strength cryptography". (www.openca.org)
(www.opencms.org)
The name of DR-DOS while it was owned by Caldera. (www.deltasoft.com/opendos.htm)
A 3-D graphics language developed by SGI, which has become a de facto standard. It can be
implemented as an extension to an OS or a window system and is supported by most UNIXworkstations. Most high-end 3-D accelerators support OpenGL.
There are two main implementations: OpenGL by Microsoft is built into Windows NT and is
designed to improve performance on hardware that supports the OpenGL standard. Cosmo
OpenGL by SGI, on the other hand, is a software-only implementation specifically designed
for machines that do not have a graphics accelerator. Another standard that is popular for
rendering 3-D images is Direct3D.
OpenLDAP OPEN LDAP
offenes LDAP
OpenPGP
OPEN PGP
offenes PGP
OpenPKG
offene Paketverwaltung
OpenSC
OPEN PacKaGing or PacKaGe
management
OPEN SmartCard
OpenSSH
OPEN SSH
offenes SSH
OpenSSL
OPEN SSL
offenes SSL
offene Smartcard
openTRAN OPEN TRANSaction
S
OpenVMS OPEN VMS
offene (Geschäfts-)Abwicklung
OPIE
offene integrierte Umgebung für
Handflächen-Computer
optimierte Energieverwaltung
offene Plattform für sichere
Unternehmensverbindungen
Betriebssicherheit
OPM
OPSEC
OPSEC
Open Palmtop Integrated
Environment
Optimized Power Management
Open Platform for Secure
Enterprise Connectivity
OPerations SECurity
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
offenes VMS
general
OS, PC
graphic, SGI
graphic, SGI
"An open source implementation of the LDAP". It includes a stand-alone LDAP server (slapd), database
a stand-alone LDAP replication server (slurpd), libraries implementing the LDAP protocol, and
utilities, tools, and sample clients. (www.openldap.org)
A newer version of PGP that was created in the IETF. [RFC 2240] (www.imc.org/ietf-openpgp cryptography,
)
mail
Unix
"A collaboration effort with the goal of creating and maintaining portable and easy to install
software packages for use on the major Unix server platforms." (www.openpkg.org)
smartcard
An open source library (and applications) for accessing PKCS #15 compatible smartcard
devices. (www.opensc.org)
A "free version of the SSH protocol suite of network connectivity tools". (www.openssh.org)
cryptography,
net
"A collaborative effort to develop a robust, commercial-grade, full-featured, and open source cryptography,
toolkit implementing the SSL v2/v3 and TLS v1 protocols as well as a full-strength general
Internet
purpose cryptography library." (www.openssl.org)
enterprise
An initiative of leading German and international companies for the standardization of
business documents (by using XML) for the B2B communication. (www.opentrans.org)
A later version of the VMS operating system from Digital that is POSIX and XPG3-compliant OS, Unix
and runs on VAX and Alpha systems.
Unix
The first completely open source GUI platform for Linux-based PDAs originates from
TrollTech's Qtopia and is fully binary compatible. (opie.handhelds.org , www.opie.info)
processor
CheckPoint's single platform architecture designed to allow integration and management of security
all aspects of network security through an open extensible framework. (www.opsec.com)
A process to identify, control, and protect evidence of the planning and execution of sensitive security
activities and operations, and thereby prevent potential adversaries from gaining knowledge
of capabilities and intentions
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
OPT
Long Term Equivalent
Online-Personalisierung von
Terminals
OPTuM
OR
OR
Online-Prüfung von Tele- und
Mediendiensten
Object Reference
Object Relational
ORB
Object Request Broker
ORBIX
ORB unIX ?
ORCON
ORiginator CONtrolled
ORDB
Open Relay DataBase
org
OrgA
ORGanization
OrganisationsAmt
ORPC
Object Remote Procedure Call
OS
Operating System
OS-9
OS/2
OS (for 680)9 (processor) ?
Operating System no. 2
OS/390
Operating System 390
OS/400
OSAF
Operating System 400
Open Source Applications
Foundation
Open Source And Industrie
Alliance
Online Services Computer
interface ARchitecture
OSAIA
OSCAR
OSCI
Online Services Computer
Interface
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
(Literal) Translation {to German}
online personalization of terminals
Meaning
Context
security
OPT bietet Banken und electronic cash-Netzbetreibern die Möglichkeit, kryptographische
Schlüssel automatisiert im Rahmen eines sicheren Prozesses online in HSM-Terminals
(Geldautomaten, SB- und POS-Terminals) einzubringen und regelmäßig auszutauschen.
online test of teleservices and media Ein Prüfwerkzeug der Datenschutz Nord GmbH für Tele- und Mediendienste auf Einhaltung security
services
datenschutzrechtlicher Vorgaben. (www.datenschutz-nord.de)
Objektbezug
This is the way CORBA objects are named and identified.
net, program
objektrelational
An approach for a DBMS that combines the robust transaction- and performancedatabase,
management features of its relational ancestor and the flexibility of object-oriented
program
programming languages.
Objektanforderungs-Vermittler
Software that handles the communication of messages from the requesting program (client) net, program
to the object as well as any return values from the object back to the calling program.
[Eigenname / proper name]
A fully CORBA-compliant ORB from IONA Technologies Inc. It enables distributed computing net, program
and provides multi-platform support and OLE integration by using object-oriented client-server
technology.
Urheberkontrolliert
A term used with very sensitive classified data to denote an access control policy in which the security
originator of data must approve access.
Datenbank offener Weiterleiter
mail
"A non-profit organisation which stores IP-addresses of verified open SMTP relays. These
relays are, or are likely to be, used as conduits for sending UBE". (www.ordb.org)
Organisation
A generic TLD that is available to persons and businesses worldwide.
TLD
organization agency
Bei vielen Stadtverwaltungen die Bezeichnung jener Abteilung, die sich mit übergeordneten Curiavant
Organisationsaufgaben (und damit meist auch der EDV) befasst.
Objekt entfernter Prozeduraufruf
A full implementation of ONC-RPC (Sun-RPC) in C++, totally independent of other libraries, net, Sun
except network transports.
Betriebssystem
OS
The master control program that runs the computer. It is the first program loaded when the
computer is turned on, and its main part, called the kernel, resides in memory at all times.
[Eigenname / proper name]
A real-time, multiuser, multitasking OS developed by Microware Systems Corporation.
OS
Betriebssystem Nr. 2
IBM, OS, PC
A single user, multitasking OS for PCs from IBM that runs OS/2, DOS and Windows
applications. It provides both a GUI as well as a CLI.
Betriebssystem 390
IBM, OS
The primary OS used in IBM mainframes. It was originally the MVS/ESA OS renamed and
repackaged in 1996 with an extensive set of utilities. Although the name MVS is still used to
refer to the base control program of OS/390.
Betriebssystem 400
OS of the AS/400 midrange computers by IBM.
IBM
Stiftung für Anwendungen mit
An organization dedicated "to create and gain wide adoption for software applications of
organization,
offenem Quellcode
uncompromising quality using Open Source methods." (www.osafoundation.org)
program
offener Quelltext und Industrieallianz The alliance "represents the interests of the broad array of companies, organizations, and
organization
individuals that comprise the open source community". (www.osaia.org)
OSCI-Architektur
Eine System-Architektur für den Internet-Protokollstandard OSCI, die verschlüsselte und
Curiavant,
optional auch signierte Online-Transaktionen auf Basis der elektronischen Signatur gemäß
government,
Signaturgesetz ermöglicht. Wurde Mitte 2002 in Governikus umbenannt.
Internet
Computer-Schnittstelle für OnlineEin Protokoll für die deutsche Kommunalwirtschaft als Weiterentwicklung von HBCI, den es Curiavant,
Dienste
durch die Trennung von Nutz- und Inhaltsdaten um die Möglichkeit der Steuerung,
government,
Vermittlung und Nachvollziehbarkeit von Nachrichten ergänzt. (www.osci.de)
Internet
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
OSCIE
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Open Smart Card Infrastructure for offene Smartcard-Infrastruktur für
Europe
Europa
OSD
Open Source Definition
Definition offenen Quell(codes)
OSDL
Open Source Development Lab
OSDN
OSE
Open Source Development
Network
Open System Environment
Entwicklungslabor für offenen
Quellcode
Entwicklungsnetzwerk für offene
Quellen(software)
offene Systemumgebung
OSF
Open Software Foundation
Stiftung für offene Software
OSGi
Open Service Gateway Initiative
Initiative für ein offenes DiensteGateway
OSI
Open Source Initiative
Initiative für offene Quelltexte
OSI
Open Systems Interconnection
Offene Systeme Verbindung
OSI CCR
OSI TP
OSI Commitment, Concurrency,
and Recovery
OSI Transaction Processing
OSI Verbindlichkeit, Nebenläufigkeit
und Wiederherstellung
OSI Transaktionsverarbeitung
OSIRM
OSI Reference Model
OSI Referenzmodell
OSLAN
offene Systeme LAN
Open Systems Local Area
Networking
Open Shortest Path First - Interior "öffne kürzesten Pfad zuerst" GW Protocol
inneres GW Protokoll
OSPF
OSS
Online Service System
Online-Dienstsystem
OSS
OSS
OSS
Open Sound System
Open Source Software
Operations Support System
offenes Klangsystem
Software mit offenen Quelltexten
Betriebsunterstützungssystem
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
Context
smartcard
It "provides the basic information and common specifications considered necessary to
accelerate mass deployment and secure implementation of smart cards in e-services across
Europe". (see eESC) (www.eeurope-smartcards.org/B2-Index.htm)
It is not a license itself, but a guideline and trademark for OSS software licenses other than law, program
the GPL. Licenses according to the OSD guarantee several freedoms to software users,
including commercial users. (see OSI)
An independently governed, non-profit organization "dedicated to enabling Linux and Linux- organization,
based applications for data center and carrier-class deployment". (www.osdl.org)
program
organization
An open source community-driven IT media network on the web. It is the home of several
popular web sites, including Slashdot.org and SourceForge.net. (www.osdn.com) (> OSTG)
general
A set of standard relationships between different platforms and vendors that enable
networked users, workgroups, departments, and enterprises to work together.
A foundation created by computer vendors to promote "Open Computing": a common OS and OS, Unix
interface, based on developments of UNIX and the X Window System. Now part of The Open
Group. It released the industry's first open OS: OSF/1.
net
A forum for the development of open service platform specifications for the delivery and
management of multiple applications and services to all types of networked devices in home,
vehicle, mobile and other environments. (www.osgi.org)
organization
A non-profit corporation dedicated to managing and promoting the OSD for the good of the
community, specifically through the OSI Certified Open Source Software certification mark
and program. (www.opensource.org)
net
An alternative to the IP suite of protocols developed by the ISO. ISO has its own set of
protocols available in the Blue Book. [ICS 35.100]
An ISO standard (or its software implementation) for services and protocols that are used to net, program,
commit or roll back global transaction branches. [ISOIIEC 9804]
standard
An ISO standard (or its software implementation) for services and protocols that are used to net, program,
establish dialogs and to pass messages between clients and service routines on different
standard
computers. [ISOIIEC 10026-2]
net, standard
A joint ISO/ITU-T standard for a seven-layer, architectural communication framework for
interconnection of computers in networks. The layers (from the top) are (7) Application, (6)
Presentation, (5) Session, (4) Transport, (3) Network, (2) Data Link, and (1) Physical.
ICL's suite of ISO protocols.
net
A routing protocol that determines the best path for routing IP traffic over a TCP/IP network. It
is an IGP, which is designed to work within an autonomous system. [RFC 1131, 1245-1248,
..., 1583, 1584, ..., 2178]
Informations-, Kommunikations- und Servicemedium zwischen SAP-Kunden und SAP. Über
das SAPNet-R/3 Frontend kann der Kunde Lösungen für Systemprobleme abrufen,
Problemmeldungen an SAP senden, Informationen abfragen usw.
A device driver for accessing sound cards and other audio devices under UNIX/Linux.
Software with free source code, which is made available to the development community.
A computer system involved in running the telephone network.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Internet
SAP
Unix
law, program
telecom
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Acronym
OSTG
Long Term Equivalent
Open Source Technology Group
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Technologiegruppe für offene
Quellen(software)
OTA
Open Terminal Architecture
offene Endgerät-Architektur
OTA
Over-The-Air
OTAD
Over-The-Air key Distribution
OTAR
Over-The-Air Rekeying
OTAT
Over-The-Air key Transfer
OTB
OTL
OTM
Off To Bed
Out To Lunch
Object Transaction Monitor
OTOH
OTP
On The Other Hand
One-Time Pad
OTP
One-Time Password
OTRS
Open source Ticket Request
System
OTS
Object Transaction Service
OTT
OTTOMH
OTW
OU
OUI
Over The Top
Off The Top Of My Head
Off To Work
Organizational Unit
Organizationally Unique Identifier
OUSPG
Oulu University Secure
Programming Group
OVA
onomatopoeic for OVer
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
Context
The new name of the OSDN, "the top network of resources for IT managers and development organization
professionals using Open Source and other leading-edge technologies". (www.ostg.com)
Europay's published standard for terminal software backed by a family of proprietary software
development tools. It is a token-based system which is based on Forth. (www.europay.com ,
www.forth.org.ru/~mlg/std/OTA)
Durch-die-Luft
A standard for the transmission and reception of application-related information in a wireless
communications system.
Durch-die-Luft - Schlüsselverteilung Providing an electronic key via over-the-air rekeying, over-the-air key transfer, or cooperative
key generation.
Durch-die-Luft - Schlüsselerneuerung Changing the traffic encryption key or transmission security key in a remote cryptographic
equipment by sending a new key directly to the remote cryptographic equipment over the
communications path it secures.
Durch-die-Luft - Schlüsseltransfer
Electronically distributing a key without changing the traffic encryption key used on the
secured communications path over which the transfer is accomplished.
(ich bin) weg ins Bett
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(ich bin) weg zum Mittagessen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Objekt-TransaktionsA middleware that combines two different technologies, transaction processing monitors (see
Überwachungsgerät
TP) and ORBs, to be used for enterprise-wide implementation of transactional applications
that use components.
auf der anderen Seite
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Einmal-Schützer ? Stempelkissen ? A theoretically unbreakable cryptography method that uses a random number to generate a
unique encryption key as long as the message itself, which is stored on a smart card.
Einmal-Passwort
A password that is used only once. This security solution requires the user (or client) and the
system he wants to access knowing the same list of passwords (e.g. generated by a hash
function with a common initialization value).
Laufzettel-Erstellungs-System mit
An open source software for a system that is helping a support, sales, pre-sales, billing,
offenem Quell(text)
internal IT, helpdesk, etc. department to react quickly to inbound inquiries (e.g. customer
telephone calls and e-mails). (www.otrs.org)
Objekt-Transaktionsdienst
A CORBA service that brings transactional semantics to distributed object-oriented
applications by implementing the two-phase commit protocol (2PC) required to guarantee the
ACID properties of transactions.
übertrieben
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
aus dem hohlen Bauch heraus
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(ich bin) weg zur Arbeit
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Organisationseinheit
Bezeichnung einer untergeordneten Organisation; Attribut in 'distinguished name'-Typen
organisatorisch eindeutiges
The part of the MAC address that identifies the vendor of the network adapter. The OUI is the
Kennzeichen
first three bytes of the six-byte field and is administered by the IEEE.
Gruppe für sicheres Programmieren Its purpose "is to study, evaluate and develop methods of implementing and testing
an der Universität von Oulu
application and system software in order to prevent, discover and eliminate implementation
level security vulnerabilities". (www.ee.oulu.fi/research/ouspg)
über
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
program,
smartcard
telecom
security
security
security
slang
slang
net, program
slang
cryptography,
smartcard
security
error, program
net, program
slang
slang
slang
cryptography
net
program,
security
slang
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Acronym
OVAL
Glossar - Abkü
OWL
Long Term Equivalent
Open Vulnerability Assessment
Language
Open Web Application Security
Project
Ontology Web Language
Owl
OpenWall gnu/*/Linux
P
P/390
P1024B
Portugal
PC Server System/390
no acronym or abbreviation!
(Literal) Translation {to German}
offene Sprache für
Verwundbarkeitseinschätzung
offenes Projekt zur Sicherheit von
Web-Anwendungen
Ontologie (philosoph. Lehre vom
Wesen und von den Eigenschaften
des Seienden) Netzsprache
offene Mauer GNU/Linux (auch
lautmalerisch für: Eule)
Portugal
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
P1024C
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
P1363
P2P
no acronym or abbreviation!
Peer-to-Peer
[Eigenname / proper name]
Partner-zu-Partner
P3P
Platform for Privacy Preferences or Plattform für DatenschutzVoreinstellungen
Policies
P5
P6
Pentium 5
Pentium 6
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
P7
Pentium 7
[Eigenname / proper name]
pa
PA
PA-RISC
Panama
PersonalAmt
Precision Architecture-RISC
Panama
personnel office
Präzisionsarchitektur-RISC
PAA
Policy Approving Authority
PABX
PAC
Private Automatic Branch
eXchange
Privilege Attribute Certificate
VerfahrensgrundsätzeGenehmigungsbehörde
private automatische Vermittlungsoder Nebenstellenanlage
Privileg-Attributzertifikat
PAD
Packet Assembler/Disassembler
PAD
Portable Application Description
OWASP
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Paket-Zusammensetzer/
Auseinandernehmer
übertragbare
Anwendungsbeschreibung
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
Context
security
This standard for vulnerability assessment uses CVE names as the basis for queries that
determine if certain vulnerabilities are present on local computer systems. (oval.mitre.org)
An open source community project developing software tools and documentation that helps security
people to secure web applications and web services. (www.owasp.org)
A language which can formally describe the semantics of classes and properties used in web Internet
documents. It enables machines to perform reasoning tasks on these documents. (An
ontology defines the terms used to describe and represent an area of knowledge.)
security
"A security-enhanced OS with Linux and GNU software as its core, compatible with other
major distributions ... It is intended as a server platform." (www.openwall.com/Owl)
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
"mainframe on a desktop"; PC adapter card with S/390 processor; may run with OS/390 ?
IBM, PC
net
SITA implementation of the ALC, the IBM airlines specific protocol. It uses 6-bit padded
characters (IPARS) and IA/TA for physical addressing.
net
SITA implementation of the UTS, the UNISYS terminal protocol. It uses 7-bit (ASCII)
characters and RID/SID for physical addressing.
see IEEE P1363
standard
Communications in which both sides have equal responsibility for initiating, maintaining and net
terminating the session. (In contrast with master-slave or client-server.)
A W3C specification that will allow users' Web browser to automatically understand a privacy Internet
policy that is embedded in the code of a Web site and then, automatically provide certain
information to specific sites based on the preferences set by the users.
An Intel processor chip known as a Pentium or Pentium MMX processor.
PC, processor
PC, processor
An Intel processor chip known as a Pentium Pro processor. Also includes the Pentium II,
Pentium III and Celeron chips.
The Intel code name for the IA-64 CPU architecture. P7 was later known as Merced, and then PC, processor
officially named Itanium.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 120)
Nuremberg
A proprietary RISC-based CPU architecture from HP that was introduced in 1986. It is the
HP, processor,
foundation of HP's 3000 and 9000 computer families.
Unix
First level of the PKI certification management authority that approves the security policy of cryptography
each PCA. It may also issue public key certificates for each PCA. (see IPRA)
see PBX. (Today every PBX works automatically.)
telecom
Data, describing a principal's privilege attributes, that has been certified by an authority (e.g.
a DCE privilege service). It provides a proof of identity and gives a list of the owner's group
memberships. It helps to determine the permissions granted to principals by comparing the
privilege attributes with entries in an ACL.
security
A hardware or software device for splitting a data stream into discrete packets for
transmission over some medium and then reforming the stream(s) at the receiver.
net
program
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
PAISY
Long Term Equivalent
PersonalAbrechnungs- und
InformationsSYstem
(Literal) Translation {to German}
payroll accounting and information
system
PAK
PAL
Pakistan
Phase Alternating Line
Pakistan
Phasenwechselnde Linie
PAM
Pluggable Authentication Module
ansteckbares Authentifizierungsmodul
PAN
PAN
Panama
Personal Area Network
Panama
Netzwerk im persönlichen Bereich
PAN
Personal Area Network
Netzwerk im persönlichen Bereich
PAP
Paßwort-Berechtigungs-Protokoll
Point Authorization Protocol or
Password Authentication Protocol
PAR
PARC
Paraguay
Palo Alto Research Center
Paraguay
Palo-Alto Forschungszentrum
PAS
Publicly Available Specification
öffentlich verfügbare Spezifikation
PAS 1020
Publicly Available Specification no. öffentlich verfügbare Spezifikation Nr.
1020
1020
PAS 1021
Publicly Available Specification no. öffentlich verfügbare Spezifikation Nr.
1021
1021
PAS 1036
Publicly Available Specification no. öffentlich verfügbare Spezifikation Nr.
government,
1036
1036
standard
Port Address Translation
Port-Adressübersetzung
Internet, security
A function provided by some routers which allows hosts on a LAN to communicate with the
rest of a network without revealing their own private IP address. All outbound packets have
their IP address translated to the routers external IP address. Replies come back to the router
which then translates them back into the private IP address of the original host for final
delivery.
PAT
PATRIOT
PaX
PBQ
PBX
Provide Appropriate Tools
Required to Intercept and Obstruct
Terrorism
PAge (non-)eXecution ?
ProjektBüro Qualität(ssicherung)
Private Branch eXchange
PC
Personal Computer
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
stelle geeignete Werkzeuge zur
Verfügung, die benötigt werden um
Terrorismus zu unterbinden
project office quality assurance
private Vermittlungs- oder
Nebenstellenanlage
persönlicher Rechner
Meaning
A leading standard software for payroll accounting and staff information in Germany. It is
running on different platforms (from mainframe to PC) and suited for all industrial sectors
including the public service. (www.paisy.de , www.de.adp.com)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The dominant TV standard in Europe that was developed in Germany. It delivers 625 lines at
50 half-frames per second. The US equivalent is NTSC.
A programming interface that enables third-party security methods to be used in UNIX. e.g.,
smart cards, Kerberos and PKI technologies can be integrated with various UNIX functions
such as rlogin, telnet and ftp.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
An IBM technology based on the electric-field transmission medium that allows individuals to
exchange data with a simple touch or grasp, such as a handshake.
A wireless network with a limited range that serves a single person or small workgroup e.g. to
transfer data between a laptop or PDA and a desktop machine or printer.
The most basic form of authentication, a two-way handshaking procedure, in which a user's
name and password are transmitted over a network in the clear and compared to a table of
name-password pairs. Typically, the passwords stored in the table are encrypted.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Xerox Corporation's research and development center in Palo Alto, California (USA). (
www.parc.xerox.com)
An intermediate specification, on the way to developing a standard. BSI: A process that
enables a specification to be rapidly developed to fulfil an immediate need. ISO: A normative
document representing the consensus within a working group.
A PAS with the title "Design guidelines and formulation standards for eGovernment
applications". Darin werden Gestaltungsrichtlinien und Formulierungsstandards für die
Benutzerschnittstelle von Internet-basierten E-Government-Anwendungen beschrieben.
A PAS with the title "Procedural model for organising business processes in the public
administration. From a functional towards a process-oriented administration". It describes a
reference model for IT-supported procedures with the focal point on local government.
A PAS with the title "E-Government thesaurus".
Context
application
An US law to fight terrorism.
government,
law, security
(pax.grsecurity.net)
Die mit dem Qualitätsmanagement befasste (Querschnitts-)Projektgruppe der Curiavant.
An inhouse telephone switching system that interconnects telephone extensions to each
other, as well as to the outside telephone network.
A microcomputer primarily intended for stand-alone use by an individual.
security
Curiavant
net, telecom
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country
standard,
telecom
program,
smartcard, Unix
country
IBM, net
net
net, security
country
company
standard
government,
standard
government,
standard
PC
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Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Acronym
PC-DOS
PC/SC
Long Term Equivalent
Personal Computer DOS
Personal Computer / SmartCard
(Literal) Translation {to German}
persönliches Rechner - DOS
Personal Computer / Smartcard
Meaning
The DOS operating system originally developed by MS and supplied by IBM on its PCs.
A workgroup that is promoting a standard specification, to ensure that smart cards, smart
card readers, and computers made by different manufacturers will work together and
facilitating the development of smart card applications for different computing platforms. (
www.pcscworkgroup.com)
Context
IBM, OS, PC
MS, smartcard
PC100
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
memory
PC133
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
PC2100
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
PC2700
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
PC3200
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
PC66
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
PC9x
PC 95 / 97 / 98 or 99
[Eigenname / proper name]
PCA
Personal internet Client
Architecture
Architektur eines persönlichen
Internet-Clients
PCA
Policy Certification Authority
VerfahrensgrundsätzeZertifizierungsinstanz
PCAST
President's Council of Advisors on Beirat des Präsidenten von Beratern
Science and Technology
zu Wissenschaft und Technologie
PCB
PCC
Printed Circuit Board
Proof-Carrying Code
PCCIP
President's Commission on Critical Kommission des Präsidenten zum
Infrastructure Protection
Schutz kritischer Infrastruktur
PCD
Personal Computing Device
persönliches Rechengerät
PCF
PCF
PCI
portierbares Binärformat
PCI-SIG
Portable Compiled Format
Photonic Crystal Fiber
Peripheral Component
Interconnect
PCI Special Interest Group
A specification from Intel for designing memory chips that support the 100 MHz system bus in
Pentium CPUs.
A specification from Intel for designing memory chips that support the 133 MHz system bus in
Pentium CPUs.
A specification from Intel for DDR memory chips that doubles the effective rate of the 133
MHz frontside bus to 266MHz. Also known as DDR266.
A specification from Intel for DDR memory chips that doubles the effective rate of the 166
MHz frontside bus to 333MHz. Also known as DDR333.
A specification from Intel for DDR memory chips that doubles the effective rate of the 200
MHz frontside bus to 400MHz. Also known as DDR400.
A specification from Intel for designing memory chips that support the 66 MHz system bus in
Pentium CPUs.
Specifications from Microsoft and Intel that define minimum system requirements for
Windows-based PCs.
An open architectural framework by Intel that allows separate development of applications
and communication subsystems and speeds development and deployment of wireless
Internet devices, applications, and services. (www.intel.com/pca)
The second level of a public key certification hierarchy that supports alternative certification
policies (see [RFC 1422]) in a PKI. The DFN PCA issues certificates for other DFN members'
CAs and provides assistance in their establishment. (see IPRA)
A council to enable the US president to receive advice from the private sector and academic
community on technology, scientific research priorities, and math and science education. (
www.ostp.gov/PCAST/pcast.html)
A flat board that holds chips and other electronic components.
A security enforcement approach in which formal, machine-checkable proof is used to
establish that a software program will not violate a particular security policy.
"It advises and assists the president of the US by recommending a national strategy for
protecting and assuring critical infrastructures from physical and cyber threats." (
www.info-sec.com/pccip/web , www.ciao.gov/resource)
A personal communications and computing device (e.g. a PDA) used as a platform for
applications requiring strong authentication. (see MeT, PTP)
A binary format of fonts for X11. (see BDF)
PCI-X
PCI eXtended or neXt generation
PCI erweitert oder der nächsten
Generation
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(gedruckte) Leiterplatte
Beweis-tragender Code
periphere Komponenten-Verbindung
PCI spezielle Interessen-Gruppe
A peripheral bus commonly used in PCs, Macintoshes and workstations. It provides a highspeed data path between the CPU and peripheral devices (video, disk, network etc.).
"The industry organization chartered to develop and manage the PCI standard." (
www.pcisig.com)
An enhanced PCI bus that is backward compatible with existing PCI cards. It uses a 64-bit
bus with a clock speed as high as 133MHz.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
memory
memory
memory
memory
memory
MS, PC
Internet
cryptography
government,
organization
general
security
government,
security
PC, telecom
X11
telecom
PC
organization,
PC
PC
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Acronym
PCIe
Long Term Equivalent
PCI Express
(Literal) Translation {to German}
PCI Express
PCIPB
President's Critical Infrastructure
Protection Board
Partnership for Critical
Infrastructure Security
Printer Command Language
Please Call Me
Personal Computer Memory Card
International Association
Pitcairn Island
Personal Computer Network File
System
Gremium des Präsidenten zum
Schutz kritischer Infrastruktur
Partnerschaft für die Sicherheit
kritischer Infrastruktur
Kommandosprache für Drucker
bitte rufe mich an
internationaler Verband für PCSpeicherkarten
Pitcairninseln
PC-Netzwerk-Dateisystem
PCNFSD
PCNFS-D(a)emon
PCNFS-Dämon (/dienstbarer Geist)
PCS
Personal Communication Services persönliche Kommunikationsdienste
PCT
Private Communications
Technology
Public Domain
PCIS
PCL
PCM
PCMCIA
PCN
PCNFS
PD
PDA
PDC
PDC
PDC
Technologie für private
Kommunikation
im öffentlichen Besitz / jedermann
zugänglich
Personal Digital Assistent
persönlicher digitaler Assistent
Personal or Pacific Digital Cellular persönliches (oder pazifisches)
digitales Zellfunk(verfahren)
Primary Domain Controller
erster Domänen-Überwacher
PDF
Professional Developer's
Konferenz für professionelle
Conference
Entwickler
Product Data Exchange using Step Produktdatenaustausch unter
Benutzung von STEP
Portable Document Format
portables Dokumentenformat
PDF/A
PDF Archive
PDF Archiv
PDF/E
PDF-X or
PDF/X
PDP
PDF Engineering
PDF eXchange
PDF-Austausch
Programmed Data Processor
programmierter Datenverarbeiter
PDES
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
An I/O interconnect bus standard that expands on and doubles the data transfer rates of
original PCI. Intending to eventually replace the PCI and AGP buses entirely, it can
accommodate Gigabit Ethernet, USB 2.0 and even support chip-to-chip transfers.
US president's board to develop "a national strategy to secure cyberspace to ensure that
America has a ... roadmap to protect ... its infrastructure". (www.whitehouse.gov/pcipb)
A forum for cross-sector and public-private dialog to support the information security,
protection and assurance interests of the critical infrastructures of the US. (www.pcis.org)
The page description language for HP LaserJet printers is now a de facto standard.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An international standards body and trade association to establish a standard for connecting
peripherals to portable computers. It created the PC Card. (www.pcmcia.org)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
(PC)NFS is a generic term referring to all NFS systems running on IBM compatible PCs (or
other PCs) as defined upon by the X/Open Group. PC-NFS is a specific NFS product for PC
systems from SunSelect (registered trademark).
A demon which is a (PC)NFS authentication and print request server. If a PC logs on to a
NFS with user name and password, the PCNFSD provides an UID and GID to that PC as
required for accessing UNIX file systems.
An US term for 2nd generation mobile telecommunications technologies and services. It is
digital and works over CDMA, GSM or TDMA air interfaces in the 1.9 GHz band.
A protocol from Microsoft (and Visa) that provides secure transactions over the WWW using
a public key system.
The total absence of copyright protection. If something is 'in the public domain' then anyone
can copy it or use it in any way. The source code may be available or not.
A handheld (or palmtop) computer that serves as an organizer for personal information.
A digital cellular phone system widely used in Japan. It is based on TDMA and comparable to
GSM in Europe.
A Windows NT service that manages security for its local domain. Every domain has one
PDC, which contains a database of user names, passwords and permissions.
A conference for professional developers held by MS. (msdn.microsoft.com/events/pdc)
Context
PC
A standard format for exchanging data between advanced CAD and CAM programs. (see
STEP)
The file format used by the Adobe Acrobat document exchange system, which allows
documents to be displayed and printed the same on every computer.
[ISO 19005-1]
enterprise
CAD, 3D
A standard for reliable pre-press data interchange which is based on a subset of the PDF
format. It’s an application standard, as well as a file format standard. [ISO 15929, 15930]
A minicomputer family from Digital that started with the PDP-1 in 1959. In 1970, Digital
introduced the 16-bit PDP-11, which became the most widely used minicomputer. In 1977,
the VAX series was introduced, but PDP machines lingered on for many years.
Adobe
Adobe, standard
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
government,
security
organization,
security
HP
slang
organization,
PC, standard
country
net, NFS, PC,
Sun, Unix
net, NFS, PC,
Sun, Unix
telecom
cryptography,
Internet, MS
general
PC
telecom
MS
MS, program
Adobe
Adobe, standard
DEC
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Acronym
PDQ
PDS
Long Term Equivalent
Pretty Darn Quick
Protected Distribution Systems
(Literal) Translation {to German}
verflixt schnell
geschützte Verteilsysteme
PDT
PDU
Performance Diagnostic Tool
Protocol Data Unit
Werkzeug zur Leistungsdiagnose
Protokoll-Dateneinheit
pe
PE
Peru
Portable Executable
Peru
portabel ausführbar
PEM
Privacy Enhanced Mail
PER
PERL
Peru
Practical Extraction (and) Report
Language
elektronische Post mit verbessertem
Datenschutz
Peru
praktische Auszugs- und
Berichtssprache
PET
Privacy Enhancing Technology
pf
PFE
PFS
French Polynesia
Packet Forwarding Engine
Perfect Forward Secrecy
Technologie zur Verbesserung von
Datenschutz
Französisch-Polynesien
Paket-Weiterleitungs-Maschine
perfekte Vorwärts-Geheimhaltung
pg
PG
Papua New Guinea
Project Gutenberg
Papua-Neuguinea
Projekt Gutenberg
PG
PGA
PGA
PGF
Protective Ground
Pin Grid Array
Programmable Gate Array
Presentation Graphics Feature
Schutzerde
Steckkontaktbereich
programmierbarer Schaltkreis
Präsentationsgrafik-Funktion
PGP
Pretty Good Privacy
schöne gute Privatsphäre
ph
PHI
phishing
Philippines
Philippines
Password fISHING (inserted H
used to be prounounced like
"fishing")
Philippines
Professional Hacker's Linux
Assault Kit
Philippinen
Philippinen
Passwort-Fischen
PHL
PHLAK
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Philippinen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
Context
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
security
A wireline or fiber-optic system that includes sufficient safeguards (acoustic, electric,
electromagnetic, physical) to permit its use for unencrypted transmission of data.
A tool by IBM to analyze its RS/6000 systems performance.
IBM, Unix
A packet of data passed across a network. The term implies a specific layer of the OSI seven net
layer model and a specific protocol.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
Microsoft's executable object file format for Win9x and WinNT OSs. It is basically COFF with MS, program
additional header information.
A rarely used standard for secure e-mail on the Internet. It supports encryption, digital
cryptography,
signatures and certificates as well as both private and public key methods. [RFC 1421 ff]
Internet, mail
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A programming language that combines syntax from several UNIX utilities and languages. It program
is designed to handle a variety of system administrator functions and provides
comprehensive string handling functions. (www.perl.org)
Technologies (like cryptography, P3P) to enhance privacy and anonymity when using network security
services.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
It is responsible for the packet forwarding performance in a network device (e.g. router).
net
cryptography
In cryptography, of a key-establishment protocol (e.g. Diffie-Hellman [RFC 2631]), the
condition in which the compromise of a session key or long-term private key after a given
session does not cause the compromise of any earlier session.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A project in order to provide a library on the Internet of free electronic versions of physically general
existing books. (www.gutenberg.net , www.gutenberg2000.de)
A pin on the serial interface. (pin 1 if 25 pins or missing if only 9 pins)
V.24
A ceramic, square chip package with a high density of pins.
chip
see FPGA
chip
IBM, net
In the NPM, a feature used in conjunction with the GDDM to generate online graphs in the
NPM graphic subsystem.
PKE software from Pretty Good Privacy, Inc providing data security mainly for electronic mail. company,
It was developed by Phil Zimmermann and it is based on the RSA cryptographic method. (
cryptography,
www.pgp.com , www.pgpi.org , www.openpgp.org) (see GnuPG) [RFC 2440]
mail
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A scam where the perpetrator sends out legitimate-looking e-mails appearing to come from a security
big company with a well-known Web-site, in an effort to steal valuable information such as
credit card numbers, user IDs and passwords. Also known as "brand spoofing".
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Unix
(www.phlak.org)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
PHP
Long Term Equivalent
PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
(Literal) Translation {to German}
PHP Hypertext-Vorverarbeiter
PHS
Personal Handyphone System
persönliches Handtelefonsystem
PI
Privacy International
Datenschutz international
PICMG
Pci Industrial Computer
Manufacturers Group
Platform for Internet Content
Selection
Gruppe industrieller PCI-ComputerHersteller
Plattform für Internet-Inhaltsauswahl
PICS
PID
PII
Process-ID
Prozeßidentifikationsnummer
Personally Identifiable Information Informationen zur persönlichen
Identifikation
PIM
Personal Information Manager
PIM
PIN
Pine
Ping
Platform-Independent Model
plattformunabhängiges Modell
Personal Identification Number
persönliche Identifikationsnummer
Program for Internet News & Email Programm für Internet Nachrichten
und elektronische Post
Packet InterNet Groper
Internet-Grabscher für Datenpakete
PIP
PIR
Picture In Picture
Public Interest Registry
Pixel
PICTure ELement
pk
PK
PKA
PKA
PKA
Pakistan
Projektkoordinator oder
-koordination
Public Key Algorithm
Public Key Association
Public Key Authority
PKC
Public Key Certificate
PKC
PKCS
Public Key Cryptography
Public Key Cryptography
Standard(s)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
persönlicher Informationsverwalter
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:52
Meaning
A scripting language used to create dynamic Web pages. PHP code is embedded within
HTML pages for server side execution and commonly used to extract data out of a database
and present it on the Web page.
A Japanese standard for a digital mobile telephone system based on microcellular wireless
communications technology operating in the 1900 MHz band that is similar to DECT in
Europe. It handles voice, fax, and video signals. (www.phsmou.org)
A human rights group based in London that was "formed in 1990 as a watchdog on
surveillance by governments and corporations". (www.privacyinternational.org)
"A consortium of ... companies who collaboratively develop open specifications for high
performance telecommunications and industrial computing applications. (www.picmg.org)
A W3C specification that enables labels (metadata) to be associated with Internet content.
Originally designed to help parents and teachers control what children access on the Internet,
it also facilitates other uses for labels, including code signing and privacy.
An integer used by the OS (in particular UNIX) to uniquely identify a running process.
Any information relating to an identified or identifiable individual. Such information may
include name, address, e-mail address, credit card number, IP address, or any unique
identifier that is associated with PII in another system. Also known as personal data.
Software that organizes names and addresses and random notes for fast retrieval. Many
PIMs also include calendar, scheduling, and calculator programs.
A password, typically 4 to 6 digits, to authenticate the owner of a chip card.
(www.washington.edu/pine)
Context
program
telecom
cryptography
organization
Internet
Unix
security
general
program
cryptography
mail
An Internet utility used to determine whether a particular IP address is online. It is used to test Internet
and debug a network by sending out a packet and waiting for a response. Ping also functions
like a DNS, because "pinging" a domain name will return its IP address.
Bild-im-Bild
Viewing a small video window in the middle of a full-screen video display.
general
Internet
Register oder Registrierung im
A not-for-profit corporation created by the ISOC to manage the .org registry. Its technical
provider is Afilias. (www.publicinterestregistry.org)
öffentlichen Interesse
Bildpunkt
graphic
The smallest resolvable rectangular area of an image, either on a screen or stored in
memory. In a color image, each pixel has its own brightness and color.
Pakistan
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
project coordinator
Curiavant
A person who is in charge of coordinating several projects that belong together. / Hier die
Koordination der anwendungsspezifischen Projekte im [email protected] N/FÜ/...
öffentlicher Schlüssel-Algorithmus
see PKE
cryptography
cryptography
Instanz für öffentliche Schlüssel
cryptography
An institution that registers and issues public keys for use in exchanging data using PKE.
(see CA, CSP, TC, ZDA)
Zertifikat über einen öffentlichen
A data structure containing the public key of an end-entity and some other information, which cryptography
Schlüssel
is digitally signed with the private key of the Certification Authority which issued it.
öffentlicher Schlüssel-Kryptographie The popular synonym for asymmetric cryptography. (see PKE)
cryptography
cryptography
Kryptographie-Standard für öffentliche A series of cryptographic standards dealing with public key issues, published by RSA
Schlüssel
Laborataries.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 141 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
PKCS
Long Term Equivalent
Public Key Cryptography System
PKCS #1
PKCS #2
PKCS #3
PKCS #4
PKCS #5
PKCS #6
PKCS #7
PKCS(tandard) number 1
PKCS(tandard) number 2
PKCS(tandard) number 3
PKCS(tandard) number 4
PKCS(tandard) number 5
PKCS(tandard) number 6
PKCS(tandard) number 7
PKCS #8
PKCS #9
PKCS #10
PKCS #11
PKCS(tandard) number 8
PKCS(tandard) number 9
PKCS(tandard) number 10
PKCS(tandard) number 11
PKCS #12
PKCS #13
PKCS #14
PKCS #15
PKD
PKE
PKCS(tandard) number 12
PKCS(tandard) number 13
PKCS(tandard) number 14
PKCS(tandard) number 15
Public Key Directory
Public Key Encryption
PKI
Public Key Infrastructure
PKI-1
Public Key Infrastructure #1
PKIX
Public Key Infrastructure X.509
pl
PL
PLC
Poland
Projektleiter oder -leitung
PowerLine Communication
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller
PLE
PLM
PLMK
PLS
Palestinian Territories
Product Lifecycle Management
Please Let Me Know
PLeaSe
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Kryptographie-System mit
öffentlichem Schlüssel
PKCS Nummer 1
PKCS Nummer 2
PKCS Nummer 3
PKCS Nummer 4
PKCS Nummer 5
PKCS Nummer 6
PKCS Nummer 7
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
see PKC, PKE
A cryptographic standard by RSA: RSA Cryptography Standard. (see RSAE)
A cryptographic standard by RSA that is now integrated in PKCS #1.
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Diffie-Hellman Key Agreement Standard. (see DH)
A cryptographic standard by RSA that is now integrated in PKCS #1.
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Password-Based Cryptography Standard
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Extended-Certificate Syntax Standard
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Cryptographic Message Syntax Standard. It defines the
syntax for several kinds of cryptographically protected messages, including encrypted
messages and messages with digital signatures. It is an outgrowth of PEM.
PKCS Nummer 8
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Private-Key Information Syntax Standard
PKCS Nummer 9
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Selected Attribute Types
PKCS Nummer 10
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Certification Request Syntax Standard
PKCS Nummer 11
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Cryptographic Token Interface Standard. It specifies an
API, called 'Cryptoki', to devices which hold cryptographic information and perform
cryptographic functions. It presents to applications a common, logical view of the device.
PKCS Nummer 12
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Personal Information Exchange Syntax Standard
PKCS Nummer 13
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Elliptic Curve Cryptography Standard
PKCS Nummer 14
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Pseudorandom Number Generation Standard
PKCS Nummer 15
A cryptographic standard by RSA: Cryptographic Token Information Format Standard
Verzeichnis öffentlicher Zertifikate
In a PKI a directory of all public keys whose owners have agreed to publish their certificate.
Verschlüsselung mit öffentlichem
An asymmetric encryption scheme where each person gets a pair of keys (a public key and a
Schlüssel
private key). Messages are encrypted using the intended recipient's public key and can only
be decrypted using his private key (that must be kept secret). (see DH, RSAE)
Infrastruktur für öffentliche Schlüssel The policies and procedures for establishing a secure method for exchanging information
within an organization, a nation or worldwide by the use of public keys. (see PKC, PKE) (
www.pki-page.org, www.pkiforum.org)
Infrastruktur für öffentliche Schlüssel The PKI of the public administration of Germany that is carried on by the BSI as a root CA.
#1
Infrastruktur für öffentliche Schlüssel The Public Key Infrastructure X.509 working group of IETF. (www.ietf.org/ids.by.wg/pkix.html)
nach X.509
Polen
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
project manager
The person who is in charge of managing a certain project.
(Daten-)Kommunikation (über)
A technology which uses the electrical wiring in a home or business to transfer network
Stromleitung
information (transmission of voice and data). It is expected to bridge the "last mile".
Speicherprogrammierbare Steuerung A computer used in process control applications. PLC microprocessors are typically RISC(SPS)
based and designed for high-speed, realtime and rugged industrial environments.
Palästina
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Produktlebenszyklus-Verwaltung
The management of the complete flow of information about a product over its lifetime.
laß es mich bitte wissen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
bitte
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography
cryptography,
government
cryptography
country, TLD
Curiavant
telecom
enterprise
country
economy
slang
slang
Seite 142 von 207
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Acronym
PLSM
PLU
PLW
PLZ
PLZ
PM
pm
PMFI
Long Term Equivalent
PLease Send Message
Primary LU
Palau
onomatopoeic for PLease
PostLeitZahl
Private Message
St. Pierre and Miquelon
Pardon Me For Interrupting
PMFJI
Pardon Me For Jumping In
PMI
Privile(d)ge Management
Infrastructure
Project Management Institute
Institut für Projektverwaltung
Paged Memory Management Unit UmlagerungsspeicherVerwaltungseinheit
Pitcairn Island
Pitcairninseln
Personal Navigation Assistant
Papua New Guinea
Papua-Neuguinea
Portable Network Graphics
portierbare Netzwerk-Grafik
PMI
PMMU
pn
PNA
PNG
PNG
PNNI
(Literal) Translation {to German}
bitte sende (mir) eine Nachricht
erste LU / primäre logische Einheit
Palau oder Belau
bitte
postcode or zip code
private Mitteilung
St. Pierre und Miquelon
Entschuldigung für meine
Unterbrechung
Entschuldigung für mein
Hereinplatzen
Privileg-Verwaltungsinfrastruktur
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
In SNA, the LU that contains the primary half-session for a particular LU-LU session.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The German system for indexing cities respectively parts of cities.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Context
slang
IBM, net, SNA
country
slang
general
slang
country, TLD
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A collection of Attribute Certificates, with their issuing Attribute Authority’s, subjects, relying
parties, and repositories, is referred to as a PMI.
cryptography
A virtual memory chip for the 68020 processor (it is built in on the 68030), which is required to memory
run A/UX on the Mac or any 68020 platform running hardware virtual memory.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
An extensible file format endorsed by the W3C for the lossless, portable, well-compressed
storage of raster images. It provides a patent-free replacement for GIF. [ISO/IEC 15948]
A routing protocol used between ATM switches in an ATM network. It lets them inform each
other about network topology so they can make appropriate forwarding decisions.
The ability to add a new component and have it work without having to perform any technical
analysis or procedure.
This much more sophisticated OA than a BOA was introduced with CORBA 2.0 with an
universal design to assure portability and flexibility. It allows programmers to construct
servants that are portable between different ORB implementations.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
country
graphic,
standard
net
private Netz-Netz-Schnittstelle
PnP
Private Network-to-Network
Interface
Plug and Play
POA
Portable Object Adapter
übertragbarer Objektadapter
POAHF
PoC
PoC
POD
Put On A Happy Face
Proof Of Concept
Push-to-talk Over Cellular
Print On Demand
mach ein fröhliches Gesicht
Drucken nach Bedarf oder auf Abruf
The ability to print a pamphlet, manual or book in small quantities (even just one copy) as
required. It implies printing from a computer rather than the traditional offset printing.
POF
POL
PON
Polymer or Plastic Optical Fiber
Poland
Passive Optical Network
polymeroptische Faser
Polen
passives optisches Netzwerk
telecom
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
net, telecom
A telecommunication network based on optical devices in which all active components
between the central office exchange and the customer premises are eliminated, and passive
optical components are put into the network to guide traffic based on splitting the power of
optical wavelengths to endpoints along the way. (www.ponforum.org)
POP
Point Of Presence
Ortsvertretungspunkt
POP
Post Office Protocol
Postbüro-Protokoll
The point at which a line from a long distance carrier connects to the user (or to the line of the net, telecom
local telephone company). It is where users dial into via modem.
mail
A protocol for server-based e-mail packages. Described by POP2 & POP3 descriptions: [
RFC 918, 937, 1081, 1082, 1225]
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
einstecken und spielen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
PC
net, program
slang
telecom
general
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Acronym
POP
Long Term Equivalent
Proof of Possession
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Beweis für Besitz
POR
POS
POS
Portugal
Parent Over Shoulder
Point Of Sale
Portugal
Eltern (sehen) über die Schulter
Verkaufspunkt
POSIX
Portable Operating System
Interface for uniX
portable Betriebssystemschnittstelle
für UNIX
POST
post
Power-On Self Test
POSTal system
Selbstüberprüfung beim Einschalten
Postwesen
POV
POWER
Point Of View
Performance Optimization With
Enhanced RISC
Priority Output Writers, Execution
processors and input Reader
Standpunkt oder Sichtweise
Leistungsoptimierung mit
verbessertem RISC-Prozessor
Dringlichkeit-Ausgabeschreiber,
-Verarbeitungsprozessor und
-Eingabeleser
Schutzprofil
POWER
PP
Protection Profile
PPC
PowerPC (Power standing for
POWER)
LeistungsPC
PPCP
PPC Platform
PPC-Plattform
PPD
PPDC
PPGA
Postscript Printer Description
Packet Personal Digital Cellular
Plastic Pin Grid Array
PostScript Druckerbeschreibung
Paket(-orientiertes)-PDC
Kunststoff-Steckkontaktbereich
ppi
Pixels Per Inch
Pixel pro Zoll
PPID
PPL
PPL
Parent PID
PeoPLe
Preferred Products List
Eltern PID
Leute oder Menschen
Liste bevorzugter Produkte
ppm
Pages Per Minute
Seiten pro Minute
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
Context
A method to produce an integrity check based on a (Diffie-Hellman) key pair. It can be used cryptography
with PKCS#10 certification requests, in order to achieve proof-of-possession of the secret key
corresponding to the public key to be certified by the CA. [RFC 2511, 2875]
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Capturing data at the time and place of sale. POS systems use PCs or specialized terminals general
that are combined with cash registers, bar code readers, optical scanners and magnetic
stripe readers for accurately and instantly capturing the transaction.
An IEEE 1003.1 standard that defines the language interface between application programs OS, Unix
and an UNIX OS. It is primarily composed of features from UNIX System V and BSD UNIX to
ensure compatibility when programs are moved from one UNIX computer to another.
A series of built-in diagnostics (BIOS) that are performed when the computer is started.
PC
A planned sponsored TLD that will be available to national and regional postal services, and TLD
private businesses providing similar services. It is sponsored by the Universal Postal Union.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
IBM, processor
A RISC-based CPU architecture from IBM used in its RS/6000 workstation and parallel
computer line. (see PPC)
A common IBM subsystem used to improve the input and output of jobs to the VSE operating IBM
system environment.
security
An implementation-independent set of security requirements for a category of TOEs that
meet specific consumer needs.
A family of RISC-based CPU chips based on IBM's POWER architecture. It was designed by Apple, IBM,
Apple, IBM and Motorola to span a range of computing devices from embedded systems over processor
Apple's PowerMacs to IBM's RS/6000 and AS/400 models.
A computer hardware specification for PowerPC-based systems that allows to run multiple
Apple, IBM, PC,
OSs. It was developed by Apple, IBM, and Motorola and was first called CHRP.
Unix
A file that contains detailed information about a particular printer.
PC
The Japanese equivalent of GPRS. (see also PDC)
telecom
The package used for certain Intel Celeron processors. PPGA processors fit into Socket 370 chip, processor
motherboards. The PPGA packaging is similar to that used on Pentium processors.
graphic, unit
A measure of the sharpness (i.e. the density of illuminated points) on a display screen.
Usually the displayed resolution of pixels that is set up for a display is not as fine as the dot
pitch, which determines the absolute limit of the possible pixels per inch. (compare dpi)
The PID of a process from which a further process was started.
Unix
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
security
A list of commercially produced equipment that meets TEMPEST and other requirements
prescribed by the NSA.
The measurement of (laser or ink-jet) printer speed (as applying to pure text pages).
unit
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
PPP
Long Term Equivalent
Point-to-Point-Protocol
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
Punkt-zuPunkt-Übertragungsprotololl An Internet standard protocol providing data-link layer service over serial point-to-point links Internet
(e.g. POTS, ISDN) for encapsulation and full-duplex transportation of network layer protocol
data packets (mainly IP). It establishes the session between the user's PC and the ISP using
LCP. At the ISP's server the data packets are put on the Internet (i.e. forwarded to the
requested destination host). [RFC 1331, 1332, 1333, 1548, 1661]
PPP
PPPoE
Public-Private-Partnership or
Project
PPP over Ethernet
öffentlich-private Zusammenarbeit
oder Projekt
PPP über Ethernet
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
Punkt-zu-Punkt-Tunnelprotololl
Pr
PR
PResse- (und Informations)amt
Public Relations
public relation office
Öffentlichkeitsarbeit
pr
PRAM
PRI
PRINCE2
Puerto Rico
Phase-change RAM
Puerto Rico
PRojects IN Controlled
Environments
Pattern Recognition in Information
Systems ??
Korea, Democratic People's
Republic of [North-] ~
Phishing Report Network
Puerto Rico
PRIS
PRK
PRN
Puerto Rico
Projekte in kontrollierten
Umgebungen
A partnership between the public (state or local) and private (for-profit corporations) sector for
the purpose of delivering a project or service traditionally provided by the public sector.
A protocol for connecting computers to xDSL networks. It takes standard PPP packets and
wraps them up into Ethernet packets. [RFC 2516]
An Internet client-server protocol that enables a dial-up user to create a virtual extension of
the dial-up link across a network by tunneling PPP over IP. It can encapsulate any Internet
protocol suite network layer protocol (or OSI layer 3 protocol).
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 150)
An aspect of communications involving the relations between an entity subject to or seeking
public attention and the various publics that are or may be interested in it.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
general
net
Internet
Nuremberg
enterprise
country, TLD
memory
country
smartcard
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublik
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Netzwerk von Berichten über Phishing (www.phishreport.net)
security
Pseudo-Random Number
Generator
pro
PROfessional
[email protected], no acronym or abbreviation!
proficlass
PROLY
PRObabLY
PROM
Programmable ROM
Pseudo-Zufallszahlen-Erzeuger
cryptography
wahrscheinlich
programmierbarer ROM
A procedure that generates a sequence of numerical values that appear random.
Cryptographic PRNGs strive to generate sequences that are almost impossible to predict.
A generic TLD that is available to accountants, lawyers, and physicians.
An interbranch initiative of leading German trade associations for the classification
(designation and technical description) of product data. (www.proficlass.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A permanent memory chip that is programmed by the customer rather than the manufacturer.
PROPIN
PROPrietary INformation
PaRTy
Portugal
People or Parents aRe Watching
Paraguay
Palestinian Territories
Information that is owned by a private enterprise and whose use and/or distribution is
restricted by that enterprise.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
general
PRT
PRT
PRW
PRY
ps
(urheberrechtlich) geschützte
Information
Party
Portugal
Leute oder Eltern schauen (mir) zu
Paraguay
Palästina
PRNG
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Freiberufler
[Eigenname / proper name]
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
TLD
enterprise
slang
memory
slang
country
slang
country
country, TLD
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Acronym
PS
Long Term Equivalent
PostScript
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Nachschrift
PS/2
Personal System no. 2
persönliches System Nr. 2
PS2
PS3
PSE
PSE
PlayStation 2
PlayStation 3
Palestinian Territories
Personal Security Environment
Spielkonsole 2
Spielkonsole 3
Palästina
persönliche Sicherheitsumgebung
pSeries
power or performance series
pSerie [Eigenname / proper name]
PSH
PSK
PuSH
Phase Shift Keying
schieben
Phasenwechsel-Tastung
PSM
PSN
PSP
Platform-Specific Model
Packet Switching Node
Payment Service Provider
plattformspezifisches Modell
Paketvermittlungs(netz)knoten
Bezahldiensteanbieter
PSP
PSS
PlayStation Portable
Probabilistic Signature Scheme
PSSP
Parallel System Support Program
PSTN
PTD
Public Switched Telephone
Network
Portugal
Physikalisch-Technische
Bundesanstalt
Personal Trusted Device
portable Spielkonsole
wahrscheinlichkeitstheoretisches
Unterschriftenschema
ParallelsystemUnterstützungsprogramm
öffentliches Telefonnetz
PTL
PTMM
PTN
PTO
Praise The Lord
Please Tell Me More
Public Telephone Network
(US) Patent and Trademark Office
Preis den Herrn! (Gott sei Dank!)
bitte erzähle mir mehr (darüber)
öffentliches Telefonnetz
Patent- und Markenamt (der USA)
PTP
Personal Transaction Protocol
PTS-DOS
PhysTechSoft DOS
Protokoll für persönliche
Transaktionen
[Eigenname / proper name]
pt
PTB
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Portugal
federal agency for physical
engineering
persönliches, vertrauenswürdiges
Gerät
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
A page description language developed by Adobe that is the standard for DTP. It is primarily
a language for printing documents on laser printers, but it can be adapted to produce images
on other types of devices (see DPS).
A 6-pin mini DIN plug and socket used to connect a keyboard and mouse to a computer. This
port was originally used on IBM's PS/2 models and later adapted to all PCs.
An Internet-capable gaming machine from Sony that contains a DVD player.
Context
Adobe
IBM, PC
general
general
country
security
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The integrity-protected and confidentiality-protected storage of all security relevant
information of a user (his secret keys, verification keys, certificates etc.) in form of an
encrypted file (protected by a password) or a smart card. Also called key store.
IBM, Unix
The renaming of IBM's RS/6000 under the eServer brand. A RS/6000 server is a pSeries
eServer and typically runs with AIX. (www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/pseries)
A state flag in a TCP packet.
Internet
A modulation technique used by modems in which different phase angles in the carrier signal telecom
are used to represent the binary states of 0 and 1.
program
The name of an ARPANET packet switch.
net
A service provider with a facility that manages the transfer of funds from a customer to the
enterprise,
dealer (or vendor) of an e-commerce (or e-government service) Web site.
Internet
general
A provably secure way of creating signatures using the RSA algorithm.
cryptography
A suite of software tools designed to provide a foundation for scaling workloads on, and cost IBM, Unix
effectively managing, clustered RS/6000 systems. (see also SP)
The worldwide voice telephone network.
net, telecom
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The national metrology institute in Germany providing scientific and technical services. (
www.ptb.de)
An advancement of a mobile phone (generally: Any personalized device) with the ability to
handle services and applications in a trusted way by using application-level public key
security for banking, payments and secure access-based operations. (see MeT)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
see PSTN
An US government agency (belonging to the DoC) that administers the laws relating to
patents and trademarks. (www.uspto.gov)
A protocol, operating between a PTD and a PCD, enabling the PTP to offer strong
authentication to applications executed on the PCD.
A "powerful and fast DOS with network support, file manager, archiver, internal boot viruses
protection and numerous utilities. It is fully compatible with MS-DOS 6.x andWin3.x." It is
developed by a Russian company. (www.phystechsoft.com/en/ptsdos)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country, TLD
organization,
standard
security,
telecom
slang
slang
net, telecom
general
security,
telecom
OS, PC
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Acronym
PTT
Long Term Equivalent
Push(-)To(-)Talk
(Literal) Translation {to German}
(Taste) drücken, um zu sprechen
PU
Physical Unit
physikalische Einheit
PU
PU 2.1
Pu or Phew or Pooh, that stinks!
Physical Unit type 2.1
Puh, das stinkt!
physikalische Einheit Typ 2.1
PUBPAT
PUBlic PATent foundation
Stiftung für öffentliche Patente
PUK
Pin or Personal Unblocking Key
PIN oder persönlicher
Freigabeschlüssel
PUMA
PUR
PUS
Protected User Mode Audio
Puerto Rico
Potentially Unwanted Software
PVC
Permanent Virtual Circuit
Puerto Rico
möglicherweise unerwünschte
Software
dauerhafte virtuelle Verbindung
PVC
PolyVinyl Chloride
Polyvinylchlorid
PVM
Parallel Virtual Machine
parallele virtuelle Maschine
PVP
PVR
Protected Video Path
Personal Video Recording
persönliche Video-Aufzeichnung
PVSC
pw
PXE
Parallel Virtual File System
Palau
Preboot eXecution Environment
paralleles virtuelles Dateisystem
Palau oder Belau
Ausführungsumgebung vor dem
Booten
PXT
py
PYF
Q
Q&A
qa
QA
Please eXplain That
Paraguay
French Polynesia
Queue
Questions and Answers
Qatar
Quality Assurance
erläutere das bitte
Paraguay
Französisch-Polynesien
Warteschlange
Fragen und Antworten
Katar
Qualitätssicherung
QAT
QC
Qatar
Quality Control
Katar
Qualitätskontrolle
QES
Qualifizierte Elektronische Signatur qualified electronic signature
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
A walkie-talkie-type connection for mobile phones that requires a button to be pressed while
speaking.
In SNA, the component that manages and monitors the resources of a node, as requested by
a SSCP via a SSCP-SSCP session.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A simple implementation of IBM SNA's APPN, also called Low Entry Networking (LEN). Used
by the AS/400.
A not-for-profit legal services organization (in the USA) working to protect the public from
wrongly issued patents and unsound patent policy. (www.pubpat.org)
A numeric code used to release a blocked application or card.
Context
telecom
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
security
IBM, net, SNA
slang
IBM, net, SNA
organization
smartcard
A point-to-point connection that is established ahead of time. A group of PVCs defined at the net
time of subscription to a particular service is known as a VPN.
general
A common plastic used for insulating and jacketing many wire and cable products and also
ICCs.
Unix
Software that enables multiple UNIX and Windows NT computers to function as one large,
parallel machine.
A consumer device that digitizes broadcast TV onto a hard disk and plays it back
immediately, allowing the viewer to pause at any time and return later.
general
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A method of getting a PC to boot up without the need for a hard drive or boot diskette. It
usually involves booting a computer from firmware (ROM) or a network server. An OS on a
local hard drive may be booted afterwards. (see also WfM)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
see FAQ
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A planned and systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide confidence that
adequate technical requirements are established, that products and services conform to
established technical requirements, and that satisfactory performance is achieved.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The system or procedure used to check on product quality throughout the acquisition
process.
country, TLD
PC
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
slang
country, TLD
country
slang
general
country, TLD
general
country
general
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Acronym
QIK
QL
Long Term Equivalent
QuIcK
Query Language
(Literal) Translation {to German}
schnell
Abfragesprache
QLLC
Qualified Logical Link Control
QM
Quality Management
geeignete logische
Verknüpfungssteuerung
Qualitätsmanagement
QMS
Queue Management Services
Warteschlangen-Verwaltungsdienst
QNX
(originally meaning 'Quick uNiX')
[Eigenname / proper name]
QOP
Quality Of Protection
Qualität des Schutzes
QoS
QOTD
Quality of Service
Qoute Of The Day
(Netz-)Dienstqualität
Zitat des Tages
QPSX
synchrone PaketWarteschlangenvermittlung
quality assurance
[Eigenname / proper name]
QT
QT
Queued Packet Synchronous
Exchange
QualitätsSicherung
no acronym or abbreviation!
formerly: Quasar Toolkit
onomatopoeic for Cutie
QuickTime
QVGA
QWERTY
Quarter (size) VGA
no acronym or abbreviation!
Süße (als Kompliment für eine Frau)
Schnell-Zeit [Eigenname / proper
name]
Viertel(größe) (von) VGA
no translation possible
QWERTZ
no acronym or abbreviation!
no translation possible
QXGA
R/3
Quantum XGA
no acronym or abbreviation!
Quanten(sprung) XGA
[Eigenname / proper name]
R/390
R&D
RA
RA
RA
RS/6000 with S/390
Research and Development
Argentina
RechtsAmt
Registration Authority
[Eigenname / proper name]
Forschung und Entwicklung (FuE)
Argentinien
legal office or department
Registrierungsstelle
RAA
Registrar Accreditation Agreement
QS
Qt
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A specialized language for requesting information from a database. It uses a command
language (like SQL), menu-driven method or a 'query by example' (QBE) format for
expressing the matching condition.
An X.25 protocol that allows the transfer of data link control information between two
adjoining SNA nodes that are connected through an X.25 packet-switching data network.
The management of all planned or systematic activities necessary to ensure that a
component or system conforms to established technical requirements. (see also TQM)
Also called "Q-server." A printing protocol from Novell that provides print services and runs as
an NLM on NetWare file servers. The client part runs under Windows, OS/2 and the
Macintosh, and it uses the NetWare bindery or NDS to find the queues.
A multiuser, multitasking, realtime OS for PCs from QNX Software Systems Ltd., that is noted
for its low-memory requirement and rapid response.
It refers to the set of security functions that are applied to what needs to be protected. It can
consist of any combination of authentication, privacy, integrity, and non-repudiation.
The ability to define a level of performance in a data communications system.
A useful debugging and measurement tool. This service simply sends a short message
without regard to the input. [RFC 865]
A MAN based on the IEEE 802.6 DQDB standard for speeds up to 150 megabits per second
(Mbps).
Context
slang
database
A C++ toolkit for multi-platform application development from Trolltech. Also a library of
widgets used in the open source community (primarily Linux) for building GUIs.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Apple Computer's standard for integrating multimedia extensions (e.g. full-motion video,
digitised sound) into application programs. It started with Macintosh System 7.
A display resolution of 320 x 240 (approximately 77000) pixels, used e.g. for PDAs.
The arrangement of keys on a standard English computer keyboard or typewriter. The name
derives from the first six characters on the top alphabetic line of the keyboard.
The arrangement of keys on a standard German computer keyboard or typewriter. The name
derives from the first six characters on the top alphabetic line of the keyboard.
A display resolution of 2048 x 1536 (approximately 3 million) pixels.
An integrated suite of client/server applications for ERP from SAP. It is the client/server
version of SAP's R/2 mainframe application.
RS/6000 with S/390 Server-on-Board (adapter card)
All activities of an enterprise for fundamental research and development of new products.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 300)
An optional PKI component, separate from the CA(s), but supporting them. Its tasks may
include identity authentication and name assignment, key generation and archiving of key
pairs, token distribution, and revocation reporting, but not signing certificates.
program, Unix
IBM, net, SNA
enterprise
net, Novell
OS, Unix
security
net
Internet
net
slang
general
graphic
general
general
graphic
application, SAP
IBM
enterprise
country
Nuremberg
cryptography
Internet
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
RACE
RACE
RACF
RAD
RAD
RADIUS
RAID
RAM
RAMDAC
RAND
RARP
RAS
RAS
RAT
RATP
RAW
RB
RB
RBAC
RBG
RC
Long Term Equivalent
Research and development in
Advanced Communications
technologies in Europe
Row-based Ascii Compatible
Encoding
Resource Access Control Facility
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Forschung und Entwicklung in
fortschrittlichen Kommunikationstechnologien in Europa
zeilenbasierte ASCII-kompatible
Kodierung
Steuereinrichtung zum
Hilfsmittelzugriff
schnelle Anwendungsentwicklung
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
An European Communities research programme in the field of telecommunications
technologies.
Context
telecom
Internet
"A transformation method for representing non-ASCII characters in host name parts in a
fashion that is completely compatible with the current DNS." [draft-ietf-idn-race-03]
IBM mainframe security software introduced in 1976 that verifies user ID and password and IBM, security
controls access to authorized files and resources.
Rapid Application Development
program
A concept that software products can be developed faster and of higher quality, e.g. by
developing systems incrementally and delivering working pieces every three to four months,
rather than waiting until the entire project is programmed before implementing it.
Resource Access Decision
net, program
Entscheidung über Zugriff auf
A mechanism specified by the OMG that enables security-aware applications to obtain
Ressourcen / Betriebsmittel
authorization decisions and administrate access decision policies.
net, security
Remote Authentication (for) Dial-In Fern-Benutzerzugriffsberechtigungs- An access control protocol that uses a challenge/response method for authentication (with
User Service
prüfung im Einwahlverfahren
username and password). It is used by many ISPs. [RFC 2138 f, 2865 ff]
PC
Redundant Array of Independent redundante Ansammlung von
A disk subsystem that provides increased performance (by disk striping, which interleaves
or Inexpensive Disks or Drives
unabhängigen Festplatten
bytes across multiple drives) and/or fault tolerance (by mirroring or parity).
Random Access Memory
memory
Direktzugriffsspeicher // Speicher mit A group of memory chips, which functions as the computer's primary workspace. The
wahlfreiem Zugriff
contents of each byte can be directly accessed without regard to the bytes before or after it.
Unlike ROMs RAM chips require power to maintain their content.
RAM Digital Analog Converter
RAM Digital/Analog-Wandler
graphic, PC
A combination of three fast DACs with a small SRAM used in graphics display adapters to
store the color palette and to generate the analog signals to drive a color monitor.
vernünftig und unterscheidungslos
Reasonable And NonA license is called RAND if it is available to all implementers, extends to all essential claims law
Discriminatory
and may be conditioned on payment of reasonable, non-discriminatory royalties.
Reverse ARP
Rückwärts-ARP
Internet
It is used by hosts to map a given hardware address to an IP address [RFC 826]
Reliability, Availability,
Zuverlässigkeit, Verfügbarkeit,
Originally an IBM term, it refers to a computer system's overall reliability, its ability to respond general, IBM
Serviceability
Wartbarkeit
to a failure and its ability to undergo maintenance without shutting it down.
MS, net
Remote Access Service or Server Entfernter Zugangsdienst
A Windows NT Server feature that allows remote users access to the network from their
Windows laptops or desktops via modem.
Remote Administration Tool
Werzeug zur Fernverwaltung
security
A tool that allows a user to control a remote computer completely across an Internet
connection via a 'client' in the attacker's machine, and a 'server' in the victim's machine. Also
called a trojan, if the server part is intended to remain undetected. (E.g. BO)
Reliable Asynchronous Transfer
zuverlässiges asynchrones Transfer- It a protocol which allows two programs to reliably communicate over a communication link. It Internet
Protocol
Protokoll
ensures that the received data eare intact and unaltered. [RFC 916]
no acronym or abbreviation!
roh oder unbearbeitet
It refers to several proprietary file formats that contain data that have not been processed (not graphic
compressed, not encrypted) for use. As an extension it refers to digital camera files.
Botswana
Botsuana
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
ReferentenBesprechung
Erlangen
Role-Based Access Control
rollenbasierte Zugriffskontrolle
security
A form of identity-based access control where the system entities that are identified and
controlled are functional positions in an organization or process.
Rechenzentrale Bayerischer
data processing center of Bavarian
"IT-Dienstleister und Service-Partner für die bayerischen Volksbanken und Raiffeisenbanken company
Genossenschaften
cooperatives
sowie für deren Firmen- und Privatkunden". (www.rbg.de)
China
China (, Volksrepublik)
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
RC
RC
RC
RC
RC2 / 4 / 5
RCA
RCB
RCD
RCH
RCP
RCP
RCS
RD
RDBMS
RDC
RDF
RDMA
RDN
RDO
RDP
RDP
RDRAM
RDS
Long Term Equivalent
Race Condition
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
Context
Anomalous behavior due to unexpected critical dependence on relative timing of events. E.g. program
a bug in a multithreaded process where the code of thread A relies on thread B to complete
some action, but where there is no synchronization between the two threads.
Receiver Clock
Empfängeruhr
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 17 if 25 pins or missing if only 9 pins)
V.24
Release Candidate
Entlassungskandidat
The version of a piece of software that is nearly finished and will be made public soon.
program
Role Compatibility
Rollenkompatibilität
A security model that defines roles and types for each target type (file, dir, dev, process). For security
each role, compatibility to all types and to other roles can be set individually and with request
granularity. For administration there is a fine grained separation-of-duty.
cryptography
(Ron) Rivest's Cipher or Code 2 / 4 Rivests Geheimverschlüsselung 2 / 4 Family of secret key cryptographic methods developed by RSA Data Security, Inc. with
/5
variable key-length. RC2 is a block cipher, RC4 is a stream cipher.
/5
Central African Republic
Zentralafrikanische Republik
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Congo, Republic of ~
Kongo, Republik
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Remote (access to) CD-rom
entfernter (Zugriff auf) CD-ROM
An UNIX (esp. OpenVMS) client/server application that provides local users access to remote Unix
CD-ROM drives as if they were local.
Chile
Chile
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Remote Copy
entferntes Kopieren
This UNIX utility allows a user to copy files from one host to another over TCP/IP. It is similar Internet, Unix
to FTP but uses the hosts.equiv user authentication method.
Rich Client Platform
Revision Control System
Überarbeitungsstand-Kontrollsystem A version control system for UNIX that automates the storing, retrieval, logging, identification, program, Unix
and merging of revisions (e.g. for maintaining programming source code).
Received Data
Daten empfangen
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 3 if 25 pins or on pin 2 if only 9 pins)
V.24
database
Relational DataBase Management relationales
Software that controls the organization, storage, retrieval, security and integrity of data in a
Systems
Datenbankverwaltungssystem
relational database. It accepts requests from the application and instructs the OS to transfer
the appropriate data.
Remote Desktop Connection
entfernte Schreibtischverbindung
MS
A client software by Microsoft for remote access to a Windows session running on another
computer with Windows XP Professional (or NT Terminal Server) by using RDP.
Resource Description Framework Rahmen zur Hilfsmittelbeschreibung A general-purpose language for representing information in the Web. It integrates a variety of Internet
applications from catalogs and world-wide directories to personal collections of music,
photos, etc. using XML as an interchange syntax. (www.w3.org/RDF)
Remote Direct Memory Access
memory
Relative Distinguished Name
relativ unterschiedlicher Name
The portion of a distinguished name that uniquely names an entry relative to its immediately database
superior entry. Each RDN consists of one or more attribute value assertions which specify an
attribute type and an attribute value for the entry.
Remote Data Objects
entfernte Datenobjekte
An API for data access from MS that uses DAO for actual access to the database. It is used database, MS,
in Visual Basic to access remote ODBC databases and has evolved into ADO.
program
Reliable Data Protocol
verläßliches Datenprotokoll
A protocol to provide a reliable data transport service for packet-based applications such as Internet
remote loading and debugging. [RFC 908, 1151]
Remote Desktop Protocol
MS
Protokoll für entfernte
The presentation services protocol that governs input/output between a Windows terminal
Schreibtische/Arbeitsplätze
client and Windows Terminal Server (TSE). It is based on the T.share protocol.
Rambus DRAM
Rambus DRAM
A dynamic RAM chip technology from Rambus with speeds up to 1.6 GBps.
memory
Remote Data Service
entfernter Datendienst
A set of APIs from MS that enables users to update data on the Internet or intranets from
database, MS,
their ActiveX-enabled browser. Formerly called ADC, it was integrated into ADO and renamed net, program
RDS.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Wettlaufsituation oder
Laufzeitbedingung
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
re
ReactOS
RED
Long Term Equivalent
Reunion Island
REACT(ion) Operating System
Random Early Detection
RegTP
Regulierungsbehörde für
Telekommunikation und Post
ReiserFS
Reiser File System
REt
REU
ReWIND
Resolution Enhancement
Technology
Reunion Island
Re-Engineering WINDows
REXEC
Remote EXECutable
REXX
Restructured EXtended eXecutor
RF
Radio Frequency
RFB
RFC
Remote FrameBuffer
Request For Completion
RFI
Radio Frequency Interference
RFID
Radio Frequency IDentification
RFP
Request for Proposal
RFS
Remote File Sharing or System
RFU
RG
RGB
Reserved for Future Use
Guinea
Red Green Blue
RGDS
RGU
RH
ReGarDS
Revenue Generating Unit
Haiti
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Réunion
Reaktions-Betriebssystem
stochastisch frühe Erkennung
Meaning
Context
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
MS, OS, PC
An open source effort to clone the Windows NT OS created by MS. (reactos.wox.org)
net
A congestion avoidance mechanism for gateways in packet-switched networks. It detects
incipient congestion by computing the average queue size. RED gateways keep the average
queue size low while allowing occasional bursts of packets in the queue.
[Eigenname / proper name]
Deutsche Bundesoberbehörde mit der Aufgabe, durch Liberalisierung und Deregulierung für government,
die weitere Entwicklung auf dem Post- und Telekommunikationsmarkt zu sorgen. In 2005 the telecom
RegTP was merged in the BNetzA. (www.regtp.de, www.bundesnetzagentur.de)
Reiser Dateisystem
Unix
A journaling filesystem for Linux using a plug-in based object oriented variant on classical
balanced tree algorithms. It is faster than ext2 and saves space. (www.reiserfs.org)
Technologie zur Erhöhung der
A technique developed by HP for increasing the effective output quality of printed text, without HP
Auflösung
increasing the input resolution, by intelligently adding smaller dots.
Réunion
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Fenster nachbauen
OS, PC, Unix
"The MIT/X11-licensed fork of the Wine project, derived from its last MIT/X11-licensed
release before it went LGPL". It was the basis for WineX. (rewind.sourceforge.net)
entfernt ausführbar
This utility allows a user to execute commands (e.g. to start a Xclient like dtwm) on a remote Internet, Unix
host from a local host over a TCP/IP network. Needs to enter a password.
umstrukturierter, erweiterter Ausführer An interpreted, structured, procedural script programming language developed by IBM
IBM, program
originally for VM/CMS and MVS/TSO systems, but also available for OS/2 and other
platforms. It can be used to send commands to application programs and to the OS.
Radiofrequenz
telecom
The range of electromagnetic frequencies above the audio range and below infrared light
(from 10 kHz to 300 GHz) associated with radio wave propagation.
entfernter Bildseitenspeicher
AT&T's protocol for their VNC software.
net
Bitte um Vervollständigung
A document that describes the specifications for a recommended technology. RFCs are used Internet,
by the IETF (and other standards bodies). Few RFCs are standards but all Internet standards standard
are recorded in RFCs and are widely followed. (www.rfc-editor.org)
Radiofrequenz-Interferenzen
chip
Electromagnetic radiation which is emitted by electrical circuits carrying rapidly changing
signals, as a by-product of their normal operation, and which causes unwanted signals
(interference or noise) to be induced in other circuits.
Radiofrequenz-Identifizierung
smartcard
A data collection technology that uses electronic tags to store identification data and a
wireless transmitter gun to capture it. The tag (may also be a sort of card), which is also
known as an electronic label, transponder or code plate, gets its power from the gun.
Bitte um Vorschlag
The publication by a prospective purchaser of details of the required system in order to attract economy
offers by vendors or developers to supply it. (British: invitation to tender)
Teilen entfernter Dateien
A distributed file system for UNIX computers introduced by AT&T in 1986 with UNIX System Unix
V Release 3.0. It is similar to Sun's NFS, but only for UNIX systems.
reserviert für zukünftige Verwendung It indicates an intentionally left blank space in an ordered list that is reserved for future use.
general
Guinea
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Rot Grün Blau
The color model used for generating video on a display screen. It displays colors as varying graphic
intensities of red, green and blue dots.
Grüße
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Einnahmen verursachende Einheit
economy
Haiti
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
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Acronym
RH
Long Term Equivalent
Request or Response Header
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Nachrichtenvorsatz
RHCE
RHEL
RI
RI
RIA
RIAA
Red Hat Certified Engineer
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Indonesia
Ring Indicator
Rich Internet Application
Recording Industry Association of
America
Remote IDentifier
built from(Vincent) Rij(men) (Joan)
Dae(men )
Mauritania
Research In Motion
Rambus Inline Memory Module
Red Hat zertifizierter Ingenieur
Linux für Unternehmen von Red Hat
Indonesien
Anrufanzeiger
RID
Rijndael
RIM
RIM
RIMM
RIP
RIP
RIPE
RIPE
RIPE NCC
RIPEMD
(-160)
RIR
RISC
RISER
RJ-11
RJ-21
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
In SNA, a control field, attached to a RU, that specifies the type of RU being transmitted
(request, response) and contains control information associated with that RU. It is used by
sending and receiving connection point managers to coordinate data traffic.
A certified system engineer for the Red Hat Linux distribution (corresponding to the MSCE).
The UN vehicle code for this country.
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 22 if 25 pins or on pin 9 if only 9 pins)
A membership association of music recording companies. Its goal is to promote the record
label industry and protect the rights of copyright owners. (www.riaa.com)
ASCU identifier in P1024C protocol.
The symmetric block cipher, designed by Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen from Belgium,
that won the NIST's contest for the AES, the replacement for the DES.
Mauretanien
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Forschung in Bewegung
"A world leader in the mobile communications market." (www.rim.net)
Rambus Reihen-Speichermodul
A module housing Direct RDRAM chips that looks like a DIMM module containing SDRAM
chips. However it has different pin settings and is not at all interchangeable.
Raster Image Processing
Rasterbildverarbeitung
A hardware/software combination that converts a vector image into a bit-mapped image.
Wegewähler-Informationsprotokoll
Router or Routing Information
A method that routers use to communicate network connectivity status and determine the
Protocol
best path over which to send traffic. Many protocols have their own incompatible
implementation.
RACE Integrity Primitives
RACE Bewertung von
A project as part of the RACE programme with the goal "to put forward a comprehensive
Evaluation
Grundfunktionen zur Integrität
ensemble of recommended cryptographic algorithms and suitable modes of use".
Réseau(x) IP Européen(s)
europäisches IP-Netz
"A collaborative organisation ... to ensure the administrative and technical coordination
necessary to enable operation of a pan-European IP network. It does not operate a network
of its own." (www.ripe.net/ripe)
Réseau(x) IP Européen(s) Network Netzwerk-Koordinationszentrum des A RIR providing allocation and registration services for Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia
Coordination Centre
europäischen IP-Netz
and African countries located north of the equator. (www.ripe.net/ripencc)
RACE Integrity Primitives
RACE Bewertung von
A 160-bit cryptographic hash function, designed by H. Dobbertin, A. Bosselaers, and B.
Evaluation Message Digest
Grundfunktionen zur Integrität
Preneel. It is intended to be a secure replacement for the 128-bit hash functions MD4, MD5,
Nachrichtenextrakt
and RIPEMD. (www.esat.kuleuven.ac.be/~bosselae/ripemd160.html)
Regional Internet Registry
regionale Internet-Registrierstelle
"The Regional Internet Registries, APNIC, ARIN, the emerging LACNIC, and the RIPE NCC,
administer the allocation of Internet Number Resources to Local Internet Registries in their
respective geographic regions."
Reduced Instruction Set Computer Computer mit reduziertem
A computer architecture that reduces chip complexity by using simpler instructions. RISC
Befehlsvorrat
compilers have to generate software routines to perform complex instructions.
Registry Information Service on
Melderegister-Informationsdienst über An European project "to create a Trans-European Internet service offering official address
European Residents
europäische Einwohner
information to companies and citizens." (www.riser.eu.com)
Registered Jack 11
registrierte Steckverbindung
The standard telephone connector that holds up to 6 (mostly 4) wires. It is commonly used to
11(Western-Stecker)
plug a handset into a telephone and a telephone into the wall.
Registered Jack 21
registrierte Steckverbindung 21
An Ethernet cable that uses a 50-pin Telco connector on one end and branches out to 12 RJ45 connectors on the other.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Aufzeichnungsindustrievereinigung
von Amerika
entfernter Bezeichner
[Eigenname / proper name]
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
IBM, net, SNA
Unix
Unix
country
V.24
Internet
organization
IBM
cryptography
country
company
memory
graphic
net
cryptography
Internet,
organization
Internet,
organization
cryptography
Internet,
organization
processor
government
net, telecom
net, telecom
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Acronym
RJ-45
Long Term Equivalent
Registered Jack 45
RJE
Remote Job Entry
RL
RL
RLE
RLL
Lebanon
Real Life
Run-Length Encoding
Run Length Limited
RLOGIN
Remote LOGIN
RLP
Resource Location Protocol
RM
RM
Madagascar
Resource Manager
RM
Rights Management
RM200 ...
RM1000
RME
RMI
Risc Mips ? 200 ... 1000
RMI/IIOP
RMI over IIOP
RMM
RMON
Mali
Remote MONitoring
RMS
Remote Management Support
RMS
RMS
Richard M. Stallman
Rights Management Service
RMS
Root Mean Square
RMT
Raw Magnetic Tape
Rolling My Eyes
Remote Method Invocation
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
registrierte Steckverbindung
45(Western-Stecker)
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
Meaning
A serial connector which looks very much like a standard telephone connector, except it
houses 8 wires instead of 4. It is commonly used to connect computers onto a LAN. Ethernet
and Token Ring sometimes use 4 wires of an RJ-45 plug.
entfernte Auftragseingabe
IBM's batch-oriented (as opposed to interactive) computing capability. Uses the 3770 and
3780 family of peripheral equipment and protocols. Jobs can be submitted and monitored,
and print output and files can be retrieved. Runs on SNA/SDLC.
Libanon
The UN vehicle code for this country.
wahres Leben
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Lauflängen-Codierung
Simple compression algorithm that eliminates strings of repeated bytes.
begrenztes Lauflänge(nverfahren)
An encoding scheme used to store data on newer PC hard disks. It produces fast data
access times and increases a disk's storage capacity over the older encoding scheme MFM.
The one used depends on the integrate disk controller within the disk drive.
entferntes LOGIN
An application program to connect to remote IP hosts similar to the Telnet program. [
RFC 1258, 1282]
Hilfsmittel-Ortsbestimmungsprotokoll It is a protocol using UDP that determines all hosts that offer certain resources or services in
the Internet (mostly just for finding a certain IP address). [RFC 887]
Madagaskar
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Hilfsmittelverwalter
The component within a DBMS that manages the state of a transaction. The TM (TP monitor)
communicates with the RMs to apply the transaction. If a part of a transaction fails, the RMs
are informed to restore the previous status of their databases. (see 2PC)
Rechteverwaltung
A MS Windows platform policy enforcement technology that enables a stronger level of
protection of information at the file level. (see RMS)
[Eigenname / proper name]
A (SINIX/Reliant-) UNIX server family (RM 200 ... RM 1000) by Siemens that uses RISC
processors from MIPS.
meine Augen rollen oder verdrehen A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Fern-Methodenaufruf
A standard from Sun for distributed objects written in Java. RMI is a RPC, which allows Java
objects (software components) stored in the network to be run remotely.
RMI über IIOP
An extension to Sun's RMI procedure call that enables Java programs to execute CORBA
objects. It allows Java access to non-Java processes via CORBA.
Mali
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Fernüberwachung
A standard monitoring specification that enables various network monitors and console
systems to exchange network-monitoring data. [RFC 1757, 2819]
Unterstützung zur Fernverwaltung
The service (normally offered by the vendor or a consultant) to control and to manage a
system (hardware, firewall etc.) from remote, usually by a secured connection.
[Eigenname / proper name]
The founder of the GNU project and the FSF. (see also GPL)
Rechteverwaltungsdienst
An information protection technology by MS for their Windows Server 2003 that works with
RMS-enabled applications to help safeguard digital information from unauthorized use - both
online and offline, inside and outside of a firewall. (see RM)
quadratischer Mittelwert oder
The most common mathematical method of defining the effective voltage or current of an AC
wave.
Effektivwert
rohes (unbearbeitetes) Magnetband A raw or character-mode (in contrast to block mode) tape device transfers data in an
unbuffered stream and uses a character device special file.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
net, telecom
IBM, net, SNA
country
slang
compression
PC
Internet, Unix
Internet
country
database, net,
program
MS, security
Unix
slang
program, Sun
net, program,
Sun
country
Internet
security
program
MS, security
general
Unix
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Acronym
RMT
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
Remote (access to) Magnetic Tape entfernter (Zugriff auf) Magnetbänder An UNIX client/server application that provides local users access to remote tape drives as if Unix
they were local.
RMT
Ring ManagemenT
Ringverwaltung
net
It manages the MAC components such as changing a MAC address to an unequivocal one
and removes a MAC with a duplicated address from the ring. Further it monitors the FDDI ring
and manages adequate procedures in case of ring disruption.
RN
Niger
Niger
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
RNG
Random Number Generator
Zufallszahlengenerator
cryptography
A device or procedure that produces random numbers either using unpredictable physical
effects (true RNG) or implemented as a PRNG in software.
RNR
Zambia
Sambia
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
ro
Romania
Rumänien
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
ROFL
Rolling On Floor Laughing
sich lachend auf dem Boden wälzen A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
RoHS
Restriction Of Hazardous
Substances
ROI
Return On Investment
Investitionserfolg oder Anlageertrag The profit or loss resulting from a security transaction (an investment), often expressed as an economy
annual percentage rate.
ROK
Korea, Republic of [South-] ~
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Korea, Republik oder Südkorea
ROKSO
Liste bekannter SPAM-Tätigkeiten
mail
Register Of Known Spam
A register that "collates information and evidence on known hard-line spam operations that
Operations
have been thrown off ISPs 3 times or more". (www.spamhaus.org/rokso)
ROM
Read Only Memory
Festspeicher // Nur-Lese-Speicher
A memory chip that permanently stores instructions and data.
memory
ROM
Romania
Rumänien
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
ROTFL
Rolling On The Floor Laughing
sich lachend auf dem Boden wälzen A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang. Used as an answer if someone slang
was saying something very silly or funny.
ROTFLUTS Rolling On The Floor Laughing
sich lachend auf dem Boden wälzen, A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang. Used as an answer if someone slang
Unable To Speak
unfähig zu sprechen
was saying something very silly or funny.
ROU
Romania
Rumänien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
ROU
Uruguay
Uruguay
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
ROW
Rest Of (the) World
restliche Welt
general
RP
Philippines
Philippinen
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
RPA
RechnungsPrüfungsAusschuss
Erlangen
RPC
Remote Procedure Call
entfernter Prozeduraufruf
net, NFS
A method of program-to-program communications, usually for implementing cross-platform
distributed computing. Generically, RPC is an inter-process communication API whose
strength is communication between different computing platforms. [RFC 1057]
RPM
Red hat Package Manager
Red Hat Paketverwalter
A Linux package-management system that helps installation of software packages; similar to Unix
an install program.
rpm
The measurement of the rotational speed of a disk drive.
unit
rotations or rounds or revolutions Umdrehungen pro Minute
per minute
RPN
Reverse Polish Notation
umgekehrte polnische Notation
Rpr
RechnungsPRüfungsamt
office for auditing of accounts
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 140)
Nuremberg
RPR
Resilient Packet Ring
stabiler Paketring
A network topology being developed as a new standard for fiber optic rings. It offers two key net
features: efficient support for ring topology and fast recovery from fiber cuts and link failures.
RPS
Response Per Second
Antworten pro Sekunde
The number of requests or responses a component can process per second.
unit
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
RPSL
RR
RRAS
RRI
RS
rs
RS-232
RS-MMC
RS/6000
RSA
RSA
RSAE
RSBAC
RSCS
RSH
RSM
RSN
RSS
RST
RSVP
RT
RTE
Long Term Equivalent
Routing Policy Specification
Language
Glossar - Abkü
Meaning
A language syntax which allows a network operator to specify routing policies at various
levels in the Internet routing system such as those policies affecting Autonomous System
articulation and router configuration. [RFC 2280]
Round Robin
Continuously repeating sequence, such as the polling of a series of terminals, one after the
other, over and over again.
Routing and Remote Access
Software routing and remote access capability in Windows NT. It combines RAS and MultiService
Protocol Routing with additional capabilities including packet filtering, demand dial routing
and OSPF support.
Reverse Route Injection
umgekehrte Einspeisung der (Daten-) A routing protocol that allows client, LAN-to-LAN, and network extension networks to be
Wegeleitung
announced via RIPv2/OSPF. Cisco's VPN gateways use it to automatically add static routes
to the routing table and announce these routes to its VPN or border routers.
Record Separator
Satztrennzeichen
A control code in the ASCII code:
Serbia
Serbien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Recommended Standard-232
empfohlener Standard 232
A standard for serial transmission between computers and peripheral devices (modem,
mouse, etc.). It uses a 25-pin DB-25 or 9-pin DB-9 connector.
Reduced Size MultiMedia Card
Multimedia-Karte reduzierter Größe
RISC System/6000
[Eigenname / proper name]
A family of RISC-based workstations and servers from IBM that use AIX.
Rivest-Shamir-Adleman
[Eigenname / proper name]
Company in the USA founded by Rivest, Shamir and Adleman to sell RSAE software (
www.rsasecurity.com). Also short form for the RSA algorithm (see RSAE) [PKCS #1].
Südafrika
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
South Africa (or Zuid Africa)
Rivest-Shamir-Adleman Encryption Geheimverschlüsselung nach Rivest, A highly-secure asymmetric cryptography method by RSA Data Security, Inc. It uses a twoShamir und Adleman
part key: The private key is kept by the owner; the public key is published.
Rule Set Based Access Control
Regelwerk-basierte Zugangskontrolle A flexible, powerful and fast open source access control framework for current Linux kernels.
It supports several security models (e.g. MAC, ACL and RC). (www.rsbac.org)
Remote Spooling Communications Fern-Spool-Untersystem
Software that provides batch communications for IBM's VM operating system. It accepts data
Subsystem
from remote batch terminals, executes them on a priority basis and transmits the results back
to the terminals. The RSCS counterpart in MVS is called JES.
Remote Shell
entfernte Oberfläche/Hülle
An UNIX command that allows a user to open a shell (to login and to process a command) on
a remote system (with a corresponding daemon running) over a TCP/IP network.
San Marino, Republic of ~
San Marino
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Real Soon Now
wirklich bald
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Rich or Rdf Site Summary or
ergiebige oder RDFAn XML-based format for headline syndication, in which headlines and links to the actual
Really Simple Syndication
Seitenzusammenfassung
content are made available to other Web sites. The content can be read with a standard Web
browser or by specialized RSS viewers (e.g. www.headlineviewer.com).
ReSeT
zurücksetzen
A state flag in a TCP packet as used to immediately terminate an existing connection: It
indicates that the connection is terminated and the receiving host should release all
resources pertaining to this session.
(Resource) ReSerVation Protocol Hilfsmittelreservierungsprotokoll
A communications protocol that signals a router to reserve bandwidth for realtime
transmission. RSVP is designed to clear a path for audio and video traffic eliminating
annoying skips and hesitations.
Real-Time
Echtzeit
The ability of a system to respond quasi in real-time to incidents.
Run-Time Environment
Laufzeitumgebung
A collection of subroutines and environment variables that provide commonly used functions
and data for a program while it is running.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Sprache zur Spezifikation einer
Verfahrensweise zur Wegeleitung
(/Wegesteuerung)
gemeinsamer Antrag oder Wettkampf
(jeder gegen jeden)
Routing- und Fernzugriffs-Dienst
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:53
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
Internet
net
MS, net
Cisco
ASCII
country, TLD
V.24
memory
IBM, Unix
company,
cryptography
country
cryptography
security, Unix
IBM
Internet, Unix
country
slang
Internet, markup
Internet
net
general
program
Seite 155 von 207
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Acronym
RTF
Long Term Equivalent
Rich Text Format
(Literal) Translation {to German}
reich(haltig)es Textformat
RTFM
Read The Fucking Manual!
Lies das verdammte Handbuch!
RTL
Run-Time Library
Laufzeitbibliothek
RTLinux
RTM
RTOS
RealTime Linux
Release To Manufacturing
RealTime Operating System
Echtzeit-Linux
RTP
RTP
Rapid Transport Protocol
Realtime Transport Protocol
RTS
RTSP
Request To Send
RealTime Streaming Protocol
RTT
RU
RU
RU
RU
Round Trip Time
Burundi
Rack Unit
Real Life
Request or Response Unit
ru
RUOK
RUP
Russian Federation
aRe yoU OKay?
Rational Unified Process
RUS
RVD
rw
RWA
RZ
Russian Federation
Remote Virtual Disk Protocol
Rwanda
Rwanda
Rechenzentrum
S
S-HTTP or
SHTTP
Sweden
Secure HTTP
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Meaning
A Microsoft standard for exchange of formatted text and graphics documents between Word
and other document preparation systems. RTF files are actually ASCII files with special
commands to indicate formatting information.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang. A response if someone asks a
question which he could answer easily for himself by ...
A file containing routines which are linked with a program at run time rather than at compiletime. The advantage of such dynamic linking is that only one copy of the library needs to be
stored, rather than a copy being included with each executable that refers to it.
The final version of a piece of software that is finished and will be released to the public.
Echtzeitbetriebssystem
Any OS where interrupts are guaranteed to be handled within a certain specified maximum
time, thereby making it suitable for control of hardware in embedded systems and other timecritical applications.
schnelles Transportprotokoll
The protocol used in IBM's HPR system.
Echtzeit-Transportprotokoll
An IP protocol that supports realtime transmission of voice and video. An RTP packet rides
on top of UDP and includes timestamping and synchronization information in its header for
proper reassembly at the receiving end. [RFC 1889]
Sendeanforderung
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 4 if 25 pins or on pin 7 if only 9 pins)
Echtzeitströmungsprotokoll
A specification for transmitting audio, video and 3-D animation over the Internet, developed
by Netscape and Progressive Networks.
Zeit für einen Rundumlauf
A measure of delay between two hosts. (Time to leave, reach the other, and return.)
Burundi
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Gestell(rahmen)- oder Höheneinheit A unit of measurement of the height of a rack-mounted device, which is equal to 1.75".
(im) wahren Leben
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Nachricht, Antworteneinheit
In SNA, the basic unit of information entering and exiting the transmission subsystem. It may
contain data, acknowledgement of data, commands that control the flow of data through the
network, or responses to commands.
Russische Föderation oder Russland The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Geht es dir gut?
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Rational vereinheitlichter Ablauf
A software from Rational Software Corp. that supports UML and provides guidelines,
templates and examples for each team member in the program development process.
Russische Föderation oder Russland The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Protokoll für entfernte virtuelle Platten ? UNKLAR: by MIT
Ruanda
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Ruanda
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
computer or data processing center The department that houses the computer systems and related equipment, including the data
library.
Schweden
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Sicheres HTTP
An extension to HTTP that operates at the application level, adding security and
authentication to the exchange of files on the WWW. Whereas SSL creates a secure
connection between client and server, S-HTTP is designed to send individual messages
securely. It allows the client to send a certificate to authenticate the user. [RFC 2660]
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
general
slang
program
Unix
program
OS
IBM
Internet
V.24
Internet
net
country
unit
slang
IBM, net, SNA
country, TLD
slang
program
country
net
country, TLD
country
general
country
cryptography,
Internet
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Acronym
S-Trust
Long Term Equivalent
Sparkassen-Trust
(Literal) Translation {to German}
savings banks - Treuhand
S/370
System/370
[Eigenname / proper name]
S/390
System/390
[Eigenname / proper name]
S/MIME
Secure MIME
sicheres MIME
S/PDIF
Sony/Philips Digital InterFace
Sony/Philips digitale Schnittstelle
S/WAN
Secure WAN
sicheres WAN
S0
sa
SA
Signal zero
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of ~
Security Association
Signal Null
Saudi-Arabien
Sicherheits-Vereinigung
SA
SA
SA
SA
Service Availability
Source Address
Structured Analysis
System Administrator
Diensteverfügbarkeit
Herkunftsadresse
strukturierte Analyse
Systemverwalter
SAA
Systems Application Architecture
System-Anwendungsarchitektur
SAAJ
Soap with Attachments Api for
Java
Software As A Service
Security Association Database
SOAP mit ErweiterungsProgrammierschnittstelle für Java
Software als Dienst(leistung)
SA Datenbank
Secure And Fast Encryption
Routine
Standards und Architekturen in
eGovernment Anwendungen
Security Algorithms Group of
Experts
sicheres und schnelles
Verschlüsselungsprogramm
standards and architectures of
eGovernment applications
Expertengruppe für
Sicherheitsalgorithmen
System Administrators Guild
Gilde der Systemadministratoren
SaaS
SAD
SAFER
SAGA
SAGE
SAGE
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Meaning
A CA (and PKI) operated by the Deutscher Sparkassen-Verlag together with Verisign for the
German 'Sparkassen' (savings banks). (www.s-trust.de)
The mainframe product line introduced in 1970 by IBM, which added virtual memory and
other enhancements. Subsequent series include the 303x, 43xx, 308x, 309x and 9370, all
370-architecture machines.
The mainframe product line introduced in 1990 by IBM that features ESA/390 architecture
and OSs (OS/390), ES/9000 hardware (18 models introduced), ESCON fiber-optic channels,
Sysplex multiprocessing and SystemView.
A new version of the MIME protocol for secure electronic mail. It supports privacy (using
encryption) and authentication (using digital signatures) based on RSA's PKE (PKCS #7).
A serial interface and file format developed jointly by Sony and Philips for transferring digital
audio data from one device to another without having to be converted to an analog signal.
Project of several companies, co-operating to ensure that IPsec products will interoperate.
(see VPNC, FreeS/WAN)
A bus in ISDN
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A data structure that describes which transformation is to be applied to a datagram, and how.
It specifies: the authentication algorithm for AH and ESP, the encryption algorithm for ESP,
the encryption and authentication keys, lifetime of encryption keys, the lifetime of the SA,
replay prevention sequence number and the replay bit table.
(www.saforum.org)
(symbolische) Datenstationskennung
A person who manages a multiuser computer system or more generally an IS (e.g. by
monitoring security configuration, managing allocation of user names and passwords,
monitoring resource use, performing backups, setting up new hardware and software).
A concept that aims to standardize software developed by IBM. An application-layer effort
(that is, the APIs) to enable a program to run, and communicate with others, on all of IBM's
platforms.
Context
company,
cryptography
IBM
IBM
cryptography,
mail
standard
cryptography,
net
telecom
country, TLD
cryptography,
Internet
net
program
general
IBM, program
program, Sun
It contains parameters that are associated with each active security association in an IPSec
implementation. [RFC 2401 sec 4.4.3]
Non-proprietary block cipher 64-bit key encryption algorithm. Not patented, available license
free. Developed by Massey, who developed IDEA.
Ein Dokument der Bundesregierung, "das richtungsweisend für die Umsetzung von
eGovernment in Deutschland ist". (www.bund.de/BundOnline-2005/SAGA-.6341.htm)
A group of experts at ETSI. It "is responsible for creating ETSI reports ... in the area of
cryptographic algorithms and protocols specific to fraud prevention / unauthorized access to
public / private telecommunications networks and user data privacy".
A Special Technical Group of the USENIX Association, that is organized to advance the
status of computer system administration as a profession. (www.sage.org)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
cryptography,
Internet
cryptography
government,
standard
cryptography,
standard
organization,
Unix
Seite 157 von 207
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Acronym
SAID
Long Term Equivalent
SA IDentifier
(Literal) Translation {to German}
SA-Bezeichner
SAINT
Security Administrator's Integrated
Network Tool
Such A Laugh
Speech Applications Language
Tags
integriertes Netzwerkwerkzeug für
Sicherheitsverwalter
so ein Lachen
SprachanwendungenSprachmarkierungen
SAM
SAM
(Western) Samoa
Security Accounts Manager
(West-)Samoa
Verwaltung der Sicherheitszugänge
SAM
Security Application Module
Sicherheitsanwendungsmodul
Samba
SaMBa
SaMBa
SAML
Security Assertion Markup
Language
Storage Area Network
Scanner Access Now Easy
Auszeichnungssprache für
Sicherheitserklärungen
Speicher(bereichs)-Netzwerk
Scannerzugriff jetzt einfach
SANS
System Administration,
Networking, and Security
Systemverwaltung, Netzwerk und
Sicherheit
SAP
SAP
Service Access Point
Service Advertising Protocol
Dienstzugriffspunkt
Dienstankündigungsprotokoll
SAP
Sim Access Profile
SIM-Zugangsprofil
SAP
Systems, Applications, Products
Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte
SARPA
SAS
Security Advanced Research
Agentur für fortschrittliche
Projects Agency
Forschungsprojekte zu Sicherheit
Security Attribute Service protocol Sicherheitsattribut-Dienst-Protokoll
SAS
Serial Attached Scsi
SASCIA
Signature Alliance Signature Card Interoperabilitäts-API des
Interoperable Api
Signaturbündnisses für
Signaturkarten
Simple Authentication and Security einfache Authentifizierungs- und
Layer
Sicherheitsschicht
SAL
SALT
SAN
SANE
SASL
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
seriell angebundenes SCSI
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Meaning
A data field in a security protocol (such as IPsec, NLSP or SDE), used to identify the SA to
which a protocol data unit is bound.
An updated and enhanced version of SATAN, that is designed to assess the security of
computer networks.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
"A royalty-free, platform-independent standard that will make possible multimodal and
telephony-enabled access to information, applications, and Web services from PCs,
telephones, tablet PCs, and wireless PDAs." (www.saltforum.org)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The part of Windows NT that manages the database of user names, passwords and
permissions. A SAM resides in each server as well as in each domain controller.
A chip normally used as part of a terminal to store keys and encryption algorithms securely.
SAMs often use the same smart card technology as the associated cards, or a more
specialized cryptographic chip.
A freeware implementation of the SMB protocol for UNIX machines. It allows a Windows
client to share files and printers on a UNIX server.
An XML-based security standard defined by OASIS for exchanging authentication and
authorization information.
A back-end network connecting storage devices via peripheral channels such as SCSI.
An "API that provides standardized access to any raster image scanner hardware" and that
"is written for UNIX (including GNU/Linux)". (www.mostang.com/sane)
A cooperative research and education organization of system administrators, security
professionals, and network administrators to share their experiences and to find solutions. (
www.sans.org)
Schnittstelle zwischen zwei Schichten des OSI-Modells
It works at the network layer (OSI layer 3) to accomplish internetwork routing. It may be used
by NDS to support advertising and discovery of directory servers on IPX networks.
It defines the protocols and procedures that shall be used to access a SIM card via a
Bluetooth link.
Headquartered in Walldorf, Germany, SAP is the world's largest inter-enterprise software
company providing collaborative e-business solutions. (www.sap.de)
An US research agency (similar to DARPA) created in 2002 for homeland security
technologies.
A protocol in the service context of GIOP request and reply messages. It is intended to be
used in environments where transport layer security (via SSL/TLS or SECIOP) is used to
provide message protection and server-to-client authentication.
A protocol and physical interface for transporting SCSI over serial links which is compatible
with the SATA physical interconnect. (www.serialattachedscsi.com)
Context
cryptography
security
slang
markup, net,
telecom
country
MS, OS, PC,
security
cryptography,
smartcard
Unix
markup, security
memory, net
program, Unix
organization,
security
net
Internet, Novell
telecom
company, SAP
security
security
PC
smartcard
A method for adding authentication support to connection-based protocols. To use this
specification, a protocol includes a command for identifying and authenticating a user to a
server and for negotiating a security layer for subsequent protocol interactions.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Internet, security
Seite 158 von 207
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Acronym
SATA
Long Term Equivalent
Serial ATA
(Literal) Translation {to German}
serielles ATA
SATAN
SAU
SAX
Security Analysis Tool for Auditing
Networks
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of ~
Simple Api for Xml
Sicherheitsanalyse-Werkzeug zur
Beurteilung von Netzwerken
Saudi-Arabien
einfache API für XML
sb
SBC
SBC
SBS
Solomon Islands
Server-Based Computing
Single-Board Computer
Siemens Business Services
Salomonen
Server-gestützes Rechnen
SC
sc
SC
SCA
SCA
Schwabach
Seychelles
Stay Cool
Signature-Creation Application
Single Connector Attachment
[Eigenname / proper name]
Seychellen
bleib ruhig
Anwendung zur Signaturerstellung
Einzelverbindungsanschluß/
-halterung
SCA
SCADA
Subordinate CA
untergeordnete CA
Supervisory or System Control And Überwachungssteuerung und
Datenerfassung
Data Acquisition
SCAN
Seamless converged
nahtlos zusammengeführte
Communications Across Networks Kommunikation über Netzwerke
hinweg
Signature-Creation Data
Daten zur Signaturerzeugung
SCD
[Eigenname / proper name]
SCEP
Simple Certificate Enrollment
Protocol
einfaches
Zertifikateintragungsprotokoll
SCEZ
Smart Card ... library ?
Smartcard ... ?
SCG
SCI
Serbia and Montenegro
Smart Card Issuer
Serbien und Montenegro
Chipkarten-Herausgeber
SciTE
SCM
SCIntilla Text Editor
no acronym or abbreviation!
Scintilla Text-Eingaberoutine
[Eigenname / proper name]
SCM
SCM
Secure Content Management
Service Control Management or
Manager
sichere Verwaltung von Inhalten
Kontrollverwaltung für Dienste
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Meaning
An evolutionary replacement for the parallel ATA physical storage interface that will allow
future enhancements to the computing platform. (www.serialata.org)
A utility that analyzes security vulnerabilities on the Internet. In April 1995, it was placed onto
the Net as freeware by computer security specialist Dan Farmer.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
An API for accessing the contents of an XML document. It scans the document sequentially,
presenting each item to the application only one time (in contrast to DOM).
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Context
PC
An unit of the German Siemens AG that offers "customers comprehensive solutions and
services along the consult - design - build - operate - maintain service chain". (www.sbs.de)
Name of a German city in Bavaria that is part of the regional [email protected] project.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The application used to create an electronic signature, excluding the SSCD.
A non-standard type of SCSI connector, which carries both power and data on one 80-pin
connector. SCA SCSI drives are cheaper but use with standard SCSI cables requires an
adaptor and external termination.
A CA whose public-key certificate is issued by another (superior) CA.
A common process control application that collects data from sensors on the shop floor or in
remote locations and sends them to a central computer for management and control. The
systems are highly configurable, and usually interface to the plant via PLCs.
An open industry forum to "promote seamless mobility on a global basis through the
development of open specifications for interoperation between dual-network handsets, Wi-Fi
infrastructure, IP-PBXs across WLAN and cellular networks."
The unique data, such as codes or private cryptographic keys, which are used by the
signatory to create an electronic signature.
A protocol developed by VeriSign and used by Cisco equipment to obtain certificates for VPN
key negotiation. It provides support for certificate enrollment with automatic approval along
with the ability to retrieve CA certificates and certificate chains from SCEP servers.
A smart card library, which is developed under GNU/Linux by M. Brüstle and that is portable,
small and easy to use with a lot of readers. (www.franken.de/crypt/scez.html)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and UN vehicle code for this country.
The issuer of a smart card. Specific: The institution (or its agent) responsible for the smart
card product delivery to the smart card end-user.
A Scintilla based source code text editor for Win32 and X. (www.scintilla.org/SciTE.html)
SCM Microsystems "sells advanced silicon, software and hardware products that provide
controlled access to diverse platforms such as PCs, digital cameras and digital television settop boxes, enabling ... secure e-commerce ... digital pay-TV." (www.scmmicro.com)
company
The part of Windows NT that launches background tasks. Developers can write executable
programs that run under the control of the SCM.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Internet, security
country
markup,
program
country, TLD
program
Curiavant
country, TLD
slang
cryptography
PC
cryptography
enterprise
net, telecom
cryptography
cryptography
smartcard
country
smartcard
application
company,
smartcard
security
MS, program
Seite 159 von 207
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Acronym
SCM
Long Term Equivalent
Supply Chain Management
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Beschaffungsketten-Management
SCNR
Sorry, (i) Could Not Resist
SCO
sco
SCS
Santa Cruz Operation
Scotland
SNA Character String
Tut mir leid, (ich) konnte nicht
widerstehen!
[Eigenname / proper name]
Schottland
SNA Zeichenkette
SCSI
SCSL
SCVP
SD
SD
sd
SD
SD/MMC
SDA
SDA
SDE
SDH
SDIO
SDK
SDLC
SDMI
SDN
SDN
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Meaning
The planning, scheduling and control of the supply chain, which is the sequence of
organizations and functions that mine, make or assemble materials and products from
manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Context
enterprise
slang
The leading vendor of the UNIX operating system on the Intel x86 platform.
OS, SCO, Unix
The proposed country code TLD for this country, which is a part of the UK.
country, TLD
In SNA, a character string composed of EBCDIC controls, optionally intermixed with end-user IBM, net, SNA
data, that is carried within a request/response unit.
Small Computer System Interface Schnittstelle für kleine
PC
A hardware interface that allows to connect up to 7 or 15 peripheral devices to a single
Computersysteme
expansion board that plugs into the computer called a host adapter or SCSI controller.
Sun Community Source License
Sun-Gemeinschaft Quell(code)-Lizenz Sun's version of an open source license "is designed to balance the needs of organizations law, Sun
needing to innovate rapidly ... with the needs of those organizations to leverage a
community's expertise while maintaining proprietary advantages."
Simple Certificate Validation
einfaches
A protocol that allows a client to offload certificate handling to a server. The server can give a cryptography
Protocol
Zertifikatüberprüfungsprotokoll
variety of valuable information about the certificate, such as whether or not the certificate is
valid, a chain to a trusted certificate, and so on. [draft-ietf-pkix-scvp-06]
Secure Digital
sicher digital
memory
A fast flash memory card that provides secure storage for handheld devices such as digital
cameras, cellphones and PDAs. SD memory cards use the same 32 x 24 mm form factor as
the MMC, but are slightly thicker, and SD card readers accept MMCs. (see SDA)
Structured Design
strukturiertes Entwerfen
program
Sudan
Sudan
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Swaziland
Swasiland
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
SD / MMC
SD / MMC
see MMC, SD
memory
Secure Digital card Association
memory
Vereinigung für sichere digitale
An industry-wide organization charged with setting industry standards and promoting wide
(Speicher-)Karten
acceptance for the SD memory card in digital applications. It was established by SanDisk,
Panasonic and Toshiba. (www.sdcard.org) (see SD)
Static Data Authentication
Beglaubigung mit statischen Daten
Authentication of a card by means of a digitally signed copy of selected card data.
smartcard
Secure Data Exchange
sicherer Datenaustausch
A LAN security protocol defined by the IEEE 802.10 standard.
security
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
synchrone digitale Hierarchie
net
International standard for synchronous data transmission over fiber optic cables. It is the
European equivalent to SONET.
SD Input/Output
SD Eingabe/Ausgabe
memory
A version of the SD Card that provides input/output capabilities, e.g. with Bluetooth for
wireless transmission.
Software Development Kit
Software-Entwicklungs...
program
A programming package that enables a programmer to develop applications for a specific
platform. Typically an SDK includes one or more APIs, programming tools, and
documentation.
Synchronous Data Link Control
synchrone DatenverbindungsIBM's name for HDLC. A bit-oriented, link-layer protocol usually used by SNA on synchronous IBM, net, SNA
steuerung
data links. Unlike HDLC, IBM usually uses SDLC in a polling mode.
Secure Digital Music Initiative
Intiative für sichere digitale Musik
Internet, security
A forum of companies and organizations representing IT, CE, security technology, the
worldwide recording industry, and ISPs to develop open specifications that protect the
playing, storing, and distributing of digital music by DRM. (www.sdmi.org)
Sudan
Sudan
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Sun Developer Network
program, Sun
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
SDNS
Long Term Equivalent
Secure Data Network System
(Literal) Translation {to German}
sicheres Daten-Netzwerk-System
SDO
Signed Data Object
signiertes Datenobjekt
SDP
Session Description Protocol
Sitzungsbeschreibungsprotokoll
SDRAM
Synchronous DRAM
synchroner DRAM
SDSI
Secure or Simple Distributed
sichere oder einfache verteilte
Security Infrastructure
Sicherheitsinfrastruktur
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line symmetrische digitale
Anschlußleitung
Security Element
Sicherheitselement
SDSL
SE
se
SE
SEC
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Meaning
A project sponsored by the NSA that brought together a variety of vendors that created a
network-layer encryption standard (the early SP3, KMP and MSP specifications).
The electronic data to which the electronic signature has been attached to or logically
associated with as a method of authentication.
It is used for describing multimedia sessions for the purposes of session announcement,
session invitation, and other forms of multimedia session initiation. [RFC 2327, 3266]
A type of dynamic RAM memory chip with sophisticated features (to be synchronized with the
CPU's clock) that make them considerably faster (up to 1.1 GBps data transfer).
An approach to certificate use in which all names bound to public keys are viewed as having
only local significance.
A form of DSL that is called symmetric because it supports the same data rates (up to 3
Mbps) for upstream and downstream traffic. It requires a special SDSL modem.
The component of a PTD containing the user's key pairs and root certificates and responsible
for performing encryption and authentication functions.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Technischer Mitarbeiter in den Geschäftsstellen mit Kundenkontakt
An US government agency with the mission "to protect investors and maintain the integrity of
the securities markets". It regulates the US financial markets. (www.sec.gov)
A color TV standard that was developed in France. It broadcasts 25 interlaced frames per
second (50 half frames per second) at 625 lines of resolution. It is used in France and Russia
and many countries in Africa, Eastern Europe and the Middle East.
The cased daughterboard housing Intel's Pentium II, Pentium III, and Xeon microprocessors.
A SECC fits into a Slot 1 or Slot 2 connector.
A chip card OS that links the PKI and GeldKarte functionality and is specified by the German
ZKA.
A secure enhancement of CORBA's GIOP with an extra layer for secure communication.
Context
cryptography,
Internet
cryptography
Internet
memory
security
net, telecom
security
Sweden
System Engineer
Securities and Exchange
Commission
Systeme En Couleur Avec
Memoire
Schweden
Systemingenieur
Börsenaufsicht
SECC
Single Edge Contact Connector
SECCOS
SECIOP
SEcure Chip Card Operating
System
SECure IOP
Anschluß(stelle) mit einseitigen
Kontakten
sicheres Chipkartenbetriebssystem
SEH
Structured Exception Handling
SEI
Software Engineering Institute
strukturierte Handhabung von
Ausnahmen oder Fehlern
Institut für Softwaretechnik
SEIS
Secure(d) Electronic Information in
Society
Security Enhanced LINUX
Semiconductor Equipment and
Materials International
(ge)sicher(t)e elektronische
Information in der Gesellschaft
Linux mit erweiterter Sicherheit
Halbleiter-Ausrüstung und
-Materialien international
A federally funded R&D center sponsored by the US DoD that is under contract to Carnegie program
Mellon University and is devoted to the advancement of software engineering and the quality
of software support systems. (www.sei.cmu.edu)
security
A project in Sweden that aims to standardize the use of certificates on smart cards for
electronic identification. (www.seis.se)
security, Unix
A global trade association that represents the semiconductor equipment and materials
chip,
industry. It provides market research, standards and trade fairs (SEMICON). (www.semi.org) organization
SEMI CONvention
Senegal
SENiorenAmt
SEMI Tagung
Senegal
office for senior citizens
Several expositions worldwide that are organized by SEMI. (www.semi.org)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 511)
SECAM
SELinux
SEMI
SEMICON
SEN
SenA
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
System in Farbe mit Speicher
sicheres IOP
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
country, TLD
HOB
economy
standard,
telecom
processor
smartcard
net, program,
security
program
chip
country
Nuremberg
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Acronym
SENV
Long Term Equivalent
Secure ENVelope
(Literal) Translation {to German}
sicherer (Brief-)Umschlag
SEPP
SEPP
Secure Electronic Payment
Protocol
Single Edge Processor Package
sicheres Protokoll für elektronischen
Zahlungsverkehr
einseitiges Prozessorgehäuse
SET
Secure Electronic Transaction
sichere elektronische (Zahlungs-)
Transaktion
SETE
SEY
SF
Smiling Ear-To-Ear
Seychelles
Security Function
über beide Ohren grinsen
Seychellen
Sicherheitsfunktion
SFA
Sales Force Automation
SFA
Security Fault Analysis
SFF
SFI
Small Form Factor
Software Fault Isolation
SFP
SFSB
Security Function Policy
SateFul Session Beans
SFU
Services For Unix
SFUG
Security Features Users Guide
SG
sg
SG
SGB
Signal Ground
Singapore
Streng Geheim
SozialGesetzBuch
SGC
Server Gated Cryptography
SGCP
Simple Gateway Control Protocol
SGI
Silicon Graphics Incorporated
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Meaning
A set of data items which is constructed by an entity in such a way that any entity holding the
secret key can verify their integrity and origin. For the purpose of generating evidence, the
SENV is constructed and verified by a TTP with its own secret key.
Open specification for secure bank card transactions over the Internet. Developed by IBM,
Netscape, GTE, Cybercash and MasterCard.
The caseless daughterboard containing Intel's Celeron processor. A SEPP fits into a Slot 1
connector.
A standard protocol from MasterCard and Visa for securing online credit card payments via
the Internet. It is a three-way transaction: the user, merchant and bank must use the SET
protocols. It does not allow the merchant access to the customer's card number and it links
the payment to a specific sale transaction. (www.setco.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A part or parts of the TOE that have to be relied upon for enforcing a closely related subset of
the rules from the TSP.
Automatisierung der
Automating the sales activities within an organization is only one aspect of a CRM solution.
Verkaufsorganisation
(similar to CAS)
Sicherheits-Fehleranalyse
A security analysis, usually performed on hardware at a logic gate level, gate-by-gate, to
determine the security properties of device when a hardware fault is encountered.
(www.sffcommittee.com)
Softwarefehlereingrenzung
A security enforcement approach in which instructions and addresses are modified so that
they cannot reference memory outside the specified regions.
Sicherheitsfunktion-Strategie
The security policy enforced by an SF.
zustandsorientierte Sitzungs-Bohnen A server-side object designed to hold data on behalf of a particular client. SFSBs should be
used to store session-oriented data. They are the only type of EJB that can receive callback
notifications about the lifecycle of transactions that the bean participates in.
Dienste für Unix
Software by MS in addition to Windows NT/2000 that provides integrated cross-platform
network services (NFS etc.) needed to integrate Windows into UNIX-based environments.
A guide or manual explaining how the security mechanisms in a specific system work.
SicherheitseigenschaftenBenutzerhandbuch
Signalmasse
A pin on the serial interface. (pin 7 if 25 pins or on pin 5 if only 9 pins)
Singapur
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
social security code or code of social A single consistent collection of all the various individual legal provisions on social security
and state social security benefits in Germany. Currently there are eight separate volumes in
law
force, but the work is not yet completed; three more volumes are planned.
Server-beschränkte Kryptographie
Microsoft's name for the entire set of technologies which enable strong encryption when an
appropriately configured server encounters an appropriately configured client. Part of this
technology involves the use of special digital certificates by Microsoft IIS servers.
An IETF work in progress, superceded by MGCP.
einfaches GatewayÜberwachungsprotokoll
[Eigenname / proper name]
A manufacturer of graphics workstations and servers founded in 1982 by Jim Clark.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
security
cryptography,
smartcard
processor
Internet, security
slang
country
security
enterprise
security
PC
program,
security
security
program, Sun
MS, Unix
security
V.24
country, TLD
government
law
cryptography,
MS
net
graphic, SGI
Seite 162 von 207
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Acronym
SGML
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
Long Term Equivalent
Standard Generalized Markup
Language
Simple Gateway Monitoring
Protocol
Singapore
Synchronous Graphics RAM
(Literal) Translation {to German}
allgemein standardisierte Sprache zur
Auszeichnung (von Text)
einfaches Einfahrt-Anzeigeprotokoll
Meaning
An ISO standard for defining the format in a text document. An SGML document uses a
separate DTD file that defines the format codes, or tags, embedded within it.
A predecessor of SNMP.
Context
markup,
standard
net
Singapur
synchroner Grafik-RAM
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
cryptography
SHA(-1)
Secure Hash Algorithm(-1)
Südgeorgien und Südliche
Sandwichinseln
St. Helena
sicherer Prüfsummen-Algorithmus
256
sicherer Prüfsummen-Algorithmus
country
graphic,
memory
country
sh
SHA-256
South Georgia and the South
Sandwich Islands
St. Helena
Secure Hash Algorithm-256
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and UN vehicle code for this country.
A type of DRAM chip that is similar to the SDRAM technology, but includes enhanced
graphics features for use with display adapters.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
SHDSL
SHF
Symmetrical High Bitrate DSL
Super High Frequency
SHN
SI
SI
si
SIA
St. Helena
International System of units
Shift In
Slovenia
Semiconductor Industry
Association
stiftung Secure Information and
Communication technologies
SGMP
SGP
SGRAM
SGS
SIC
A popular one-way hash algorithm used to create digital signatures. SHA was developed by
the NIST, and SHA-1 is a revision to the standard released in 1994. It is similar to the MD4/5
algorithms, but it is slightly slower and more secure. [FIPS 180-1]
symmetrisches DSL hoher Bitrate
(www.shdsl.org)
superhohe Frequenz
A range of the RF spectrum (also: microwave spectrum) with frequencies from 3 GHz to 30
GHz, corresponding to wavelengths in the free space between 100 mm and 10 mm.
St. Helena
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
internationales Einheitensystem
The modern metric system of measurement with seven base units.
Rückschaltung
A control code in the ASCII code:
Slowenien
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Halbleiter-Industrievereinigung
A trade association representing the US microchip industry. It provides a forum to work
collectively to advance the competitiveness of the US chip industry. (www.semichips.org)
foundation sichere Informations- und A foundation that has been incorporated by the IAIK at the Graz University of Technology.
Kommunikationstechnologien
IAIK has transferred all rights of the IAIK Java crypto-toolkits to SIC end of 2003. Since then,
SIC is responsible for continuing development, support and sales of these toolkits.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Tut mir leid, ich konnte nicht
widerstehen!
Sicherheits-Kennzeichen
SIDs are defined by the NT security subsystem, and are used to identify security principals. A
SID uniquely identifies each user, group, computer account, and logon session on a network.
SICNR
Sorry, I Could Not Resist
SID
Security IDentifier
SID
SIG
Station IDentifier
Special Interest Group
Stationsbezeichner
Sonderinteressengruppe
SIG2R
SIGA
SigBü
Sorry, I Got to Run
Sichere Integration von EGovernment-Anwendungen
SIGnaturBÜndnis
Tut mir leid, ich muß mich beeilen!
secure integration of e-government
applications
signature alliance
SigG
Signaturgesetz
signature law
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
cryptography
net, telecom
telecom
country
unit
ASCII
country, TLD
organization
organization,
security
slang
net, security
Terminal identifier in P1024C protocol.
IBM
A group of people who meets and shares information about a particular topic of interest. It is general
usually a part of a larger group or association.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
government,
security
organization
An alliance of private and public organizations in Germany to foster the application and
spread of electronic signatures according to SigG. (www.iid.de/iukdg/index_esig.html)
German law on secure and forgery-proof electronic signatures. It distinguishes (normal)
cryptography,
'electronic signatures', 'advanced electronic signatures', 'qualified electronic signatures' and law
'qualified electronic signatures' by an 'accredited certification-service provider' (see ZDA).
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
SIGSAC
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Special Interest Group on Security, Sonderinteressengruppe für
A SIG of the ACM with the mission to develop the information security profession by
Audit and Control
Sicherheit, Prüfung und Überwachung sponsoring high quality research conferences and workshops. (www.acm.org/sigsac)
Context
organization,
security
SigV
Signaturverordnung
SII
Static or Stub Invocation Interface statische Aufruf-Schnittstelle
cryptography,
law
net, program
SIP
Session Initiation Protocol
Sitzungseinleitungsprotokoll
SIP
Single In-line Package
Einzelreihen(speicher)gehäuse
SIPP
SiS
SIS
SISSL
Single In-Line Pin Package
Silicon Integrated Systems
Snickering In Silence
Sun Industry Standard Source
License
(FhG-Institut) SIchere
Telekooperation
Pin-Einzelreihen(speicher)gehäuse
[Eigenname / proper name]
leise kichernd ??
signature ordinance or regulation
A German regulation concerning the SigG.
This is the client-side API for generating network messages that is based on the stubs that
are code-generated by the IDL compiler for a given IDL interface. (see also DII, DSI)
SIIA
organization
Software & Information Industry
Verband der Software- und
A "trade association with a global reach that provides a ... voice for all businesses that
Association
Informationsindustrie
provide the software and information that underpin the digital economy." (www.siia.net)
SILS
Standards for Interoperable
Normen für interoperable LAN/MAN- A developing set of IEEE standards with eight parts including a model, the SED protocol, key Ethernet,
Lan/man Security
Sicherheit
management, SDE over Ethernet, SDE sublayer management, SDE security labels, and SDE security,
PICS conformance. [IEEE 802.10]
standard
SIM
Subscriber Identity Module
Teilnehmeridentitätsmodul
A smart card inserted into GSM phones that contains your telephone account information. It smartcard,
lets you use a borrowed or rented GSM phone as if it were your own.
telecom
SIMD
processor
Single Instruction stream / Multiple einzelne Befehlsabfolge, mehrfacher A parallel computer architecture that performs one operation on multiple sets of data, for
Data stream
Datenstrom
example, an array processor. (contrast with MIMD)
SIMM
Single In-line Memory Module
Einzelreihenspeichermodul
memory
A narrow printed circuit board that holds memory chips and plugs into a socket on the
motherboard. Popular formats: 3.5" long with 30 pins or (later) 4.25" long with 72 pins.
SIMPLE
Internet, mail
Sip for Instant Messaging and
SIP für Sofort-Nachrichtenaustausch The application of the SIP to the suite of services collectively known as instant messaging
Presence Leveraging Extensions und Anwesenheits-Einfluss
and presence.
SIMPUTER Simple, Inexpensive, Multi-lingual einfacher, preiswerter,
PC, smartcard
A project to build a low cost portable alternative to PCs with voice-input and speach-output
comPUTER
mehrsprachiger Rechner
and including a browser for IML and a smart card reader. (www.simputer.org)
SIN
Singapore
Singapur
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
SINA
security
Sichere Inter-Netzwerk Architektur Secure Inter-Network Architecture
A "system ... based on an IT security architecture that was developed by the BSI. Through
(urspr.: SIchere Netz-Anbindung)
the combination of thin client/server processing and VPN technology along with extensive use
of Open Source Software, it is possible with SINA to develop flexible, high-security systems
solutions in communications networks and applications."
SIT
SIT
SITA
secure telecooperation
Stay In Touch
(wir) bleiben in Kontakt
Société International de
internationale Gesellschaft für
Télécommunication Aéronautique Luftfahrtkommunikation
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
A simple text-based application-layer control protocol that provides instant messaging and
Internet,
telephony services similar to H.323, but is less complex. [RFC 2543, 3261]
telecom
A type of chip module that is similar to a SIMM, but uses pins rather than edge connectors. It memory
is sometimes spelled SIPP.
see SIP
memory
company
"A leading core logic and graphics supplier ... in Taiwan." (www.sis.com)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
law, Sun
An institute of the FhG with research fields such as security and smart card technology, the
Internet marketplace and methodological principles for security-sensitive telecooperation
applications. (www.sit.fhg.de)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
It "is the world’s leading provider of global telecommunications and information solutions to
the air transport industry." (www.sita.com)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security,
smartcard
slang
organization
Seite 164 von 207
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Acronym
SIZ
Long Term Equivalent
Sparkassen-InformatikZentrum
sj
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
SJM
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
sk
SKIP
Slovak Republic or Slovakia
Simple Key Interchange Protocol
SKIP
Simple Key-management for
Internet Protocols
SKN
sl
SLA
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Sierra Leone
Service Level Agreement
SLAP
SLAPD
Sounds Like A Plan
Stand-alone LdAP Daemon
SLB
SLDRAM
Solomon Islands
Synchronous Link DRAM
SLE
SLE
SLES
SLI
Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
Suse Linux Enterprise Server
Scalable Link Interface
SLIP
Serial Line Internet Protocol
SLNP
SLO
SLOX
SLP
SLP
SLSB
SLU
SLURPD
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
information technology center of the
savings banks
Svalbard und Jan Mayen (früher:
Spitzbergen)
Svalbard und Jan Mayen(früher:
Spitzbergen)
Slowakische Republik oder Slowakei
einfaches
Schlüsselaustauschprotokoll
einfache Schlüsselverwaltung für
Internet-Protokolle
Meaning
"Strategischer Dienstleister für die sichere Vernetzung der Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe". (
www.siz.de)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Context
company
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A protocol that establishes session keys to use with IPSec protocol headers. SKIP data is
carried in packet headers and travels in every IPSec-protected packet.
A stateless protocol that secures the network at the IP packet level. It is unique in that an
Internet host can send an encrypted packet to another host without requiring a prior message
exchange to set up a secure channel. (www.skip-vpn.org)
St. Kitts und Nevis
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Sierra Leone
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Vereinbarung über die Dienstqualität A contract between the provider and the user that specifies the level of service (e.g.
bandwidth availability, response times) that is expected during its term.
klingt nach einem Plan
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
alleinstehender LDAP-Dämon
A LDAP directory server from University of Michigan that runs on many different UNIX
(/dienstbarer Geist)
platforms.
Salomonen
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
synchrone Verbindung DRAM
An enhanced version of the SDRAM memory technology that uses a multiplexed bus to
transfer data to and from the chips rather than fixed pin settings.
Sierra Leone
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Sierra Leone
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
SuSE Linux Unternehmens-Server
A Linux based server by SuSE for enterprises, available for different hardware platforms.
Internetprotokoll für serielle
Verbindungen
Simple Library Network Protocol
einfaches BibliotheksNetzwerkprotokoll
Slovenia
Slowenien
Suse Linux OpeneXchange server Linux-Server von SuSE für offenen
Austausch
Dienstesucheinrichtungs-Protokoll
Service Locator or Location
Protocol
Suse Linux Professional
SuSE Linux professionell
StateLess Session Beans
zustandslose Sitzungs-Bohnen
Secondary LU
zweite LU /
Sekundärbenutzeranschluß
Standalone LDAP Update
Dämon (/dienstbarer Geist) zur Kopie
Replication Daemon
und Aktualisierung von
alleinstehenden LDAP(-Servern)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:54
A protocol for carrying IP over an asynchronous serial communications line (for example, a
9,600-bits/s dial-up or leased line). [RFC 1055]
A sockets-based Internet protocol by the German company Sisis (a subsidiary of Siemens)
for the communication of library systems.
The UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country, TLD
country, TLD
cryptography,
Internet
cryptography,
Internet, Sun
country
country, TLD
net, telecom
slang
database
country
memory
country
country
OS, Unix
graphic,
processor
Internet
Internet
country
Protokoll zur Bekanntgabe von Netzwerkdiensten [RFC 2165, 3224]
Internet
A bean that does not save information about the state of its conversation with a client.
see LU
Unix
program, Sun
IBM, net, SNA
database
A UNIX daemon that helps SLAPD to provide replicated service. It is responsible for
distributing changes made to the master SLAPD database out to the various SLAPD replicas.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 165 von 207
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Acronym
SLV
sm
SMB
Long Term Equivalent
El Salvador
San Marino, Republic of ~
Server Message Block
(Literal) Translation {to German}
El Salvador
San Marino
Diener-Nachrichtenblock
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The application-layer networking protocol used by Microsoft's LAN Manager and in DOS,
Windows and OS/2 networks that allows files and printers to be shared across the network. It
runs over NetBEUI and originated with the NetBIOS protocol used in early DOS networks.
SMB services are also available on UNIX servers (see www.samba.org), which enables
Windows workstations to gain access to its files and printers.
Context
country
country, TLD
MS, net
SMB
SMD
SME
Small and Medium size Business
Surface Mount Device
Small and Medium size
Enterprise(s)
Suriname
Service Management Facility
SingleMode Fiber
kleine und mittelgroße Unternehmen
oberflächenmontiertes Bauelement
kleine und mittelgroße Unternehmen
see KMU. (But the limit varies: 250 instead of 500 employees maximum.)
A surface mounted chip.
see KMU. (But the limit varies: 250 instead of 500 employees maximum.)
economy
chip
economy
Suriname
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Sun
net
SME
SMF
SMF
Monomode(glase)faser
SMI
Scratching My Head In Disbelief
Security Management
Infrastructure
Simple Mail Interface
SMI
Storage Management Initiative
SMI
Structure of Management
Information
System Management Interrupt
An optical fiber with a core diameter of less than 10 µm. Used for high-speed transmission
over long distances, it provides greater bandwidth than multimode, but its smaller core makes
it more difficult to couple the light source.
mich ungläubig am Kopf kratzend
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Sicherheitshandhabungs-Infrastruktur Elements and activities that support a security policy by monitoring and controlling security
mechanisms, distributing security information, and reporting security events.
einfache Postschnittstelle
A subset of functions within the VIM messaging protocol used by applications to send e-mail
and attachments.
Speicherverwaltungsinitiative
A program by the SNIA for developing, standardizing, and driving the adoption of open
storage management interfaces to enhance interoperability.
Struktur von
The rules used to define the objects (see MIB) that can be accessed via a network
Verwaltungsinformationen
management protocol (like SNMP). [STD 16, RFC 1155].
Systemverwaltungsunterbrecher
A hardware interrupt in Intel Pentium CPUs used for power management and virus checking.
SMIL
Synchronized Multimedia
Integration Language
synchronisierte MultimediaIntegrationssprache
smiley
(derived from to) SMILE
SMIME
SMIT
SML
S/MIME
System Management Interface
Tool
Strength of Mechanism Level
SMLI
Stateful Multi-Layer Inspection
SMP
Symmetric MultiProcessing
Lächeler(-Symbol) oder Grinsegesicht An emoticon, especially this one :-) that shows a smiling face lying on the side. It indicates
humour, laughter, friendliness, and occasionally irony or even sarcasm.
S/MIME
see S/MIME at the beginning of the section 'S'
System-Handhabungs-Schnittstelle- A menu-driven program that facilitates system management tasks. It is provided in both a
Werkzeug
character-based interface (smitty) and an X-Windows-based GUI.
Niveau der Mechanismenstärke
A scale for measuring the relative strength of a security mechanism to withstand a direct
attack hierarchically ordered from SML 1 through SML 3.
zustandsorientierte Mehrfachschicht- A 3rd generation firewall model capable of inspecting packets at OSI layers 2 through 7. It
Überprüfung
relies on data pattern matching scheme to identify the contents of IP packets, as opposed to
interpreting the contents via traditional proxy/gateway methodologies. (SPF)
symmetrische
A multiprocessing architecture in which multiple CPUs, residing in one cabinet, share the
Mehrprozessverarbeitung
same memory. SMP systems provide scalability.
SMHID
SMI
SMI
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
slang
security
mail
net, standard
Internet
PC, processor
Internet, markup
A markup language developed by the W3C that uses a DTD of XML to provide the timing
commands that enable audio, video and graphics elements to be executed sequentially or in
parallel. It allows Web site creators to easily define and synchronize multimedia elements for
Web presentation and interaction.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
mail
mail, security
IBM, Unix
security
security
processor
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Acronym
SMPTE
Glossar - Abkü
SMR
SMS
SMS
Long Term Equivalent
Society of Motion Picture and
Television Engineers
San Marino, Republic of ~
Short Message Service
Storage Management Service
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Gesellschaft der Bewegtbilder- und
Fernseh-Ingenieure
San Marino
Kurznachrichtendienst
Speicherverwaltungsdienst
SMS
System-Managed Storage
systemverwalteter Speicher
SMS
Systems Management Server
Systemverwaltungs-Dienststation
SMT
Simultaneous MultiThreading
gleichzeitige Mehrfachverarbeitung
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
sn
SNA
Senegal
Systems Network Architecture
einfaches Übertragungsprotokoll für
Nachrichten (E-Mails)
Senegal
System-Netzwerkarchitektur
SNADIS
SNA Device Interface Specification Spezifikation für Schnittstellen von
SNA-Bausteinen
SNA Distributed Services
verteilte SNA-Dienste
SNADS
SNAFU
SNAP
SNARF
SNI
SNIA
SNMP
SNORT
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
A professional society for motion picture and TV engineers that prepares standards and
documentation for TV production. (www.smpte.org)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A text message service that enables short news to be sent and received from a cellphone.
Software from Novell that allows data to be stored and retrieved on NetWare servers
independent of the file system the data is maintained in (DOS, OS/2, Mac, etc.). It is used to
back up data from heterogeneous clients on the network.
Enhanced data management software for MVS mainframes from IBM. Introduced in 1988, it
provides functions such as automatically allocating data, which prevents most out-of-space
errors when disk volumes become full.
Systems management software from Microsoft that runs on Windows NT Server. It requires a
MS SQL Server database and is used to distribute software, monitor and analyze network
usage and perform various network administration tasks. (www.microsoft.com/smserver)
A processor design that combines hardware multithreading with superscalar processor
technology to allow multiple threads to issue instructions each cycle.
The common protocol used in TCP/IP networks and the Internet for e-mail delivery. [RFC 821
]
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
IBM's mainframe network standards. Originally a centralized architecture with a host
computer controlling many terminals, enhancements, such as APPN and APPC, have
adapted SNA to today's peer-to-peer communications and distributed computing
environment.
Context
organization
Spezifikation für Schnittstellen von SNA-Bausteinen
IBM, net, SNA
country
telecom
net, Novell
IBM, memory
MS
processor
Internet, mail
country, TLD
IBM, net, SNA
An IBM messaging protocol (e.g. for e-Mails) based on SNA that is used by IBM office
IBM, mail, net,
automation products such as DISOSS and AS/400 Office. Various messaging gateways and SNA
messaging switches support SNADS.
Situation Normal: All Fouled Up
slang
große Schweinerei oder Schlamassel A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
oder heilloses Durcheinander
Sub-Network Access Protocol
Teilnetz-Zugangsprotokoll
In LANs, a 5-byte protocol discriminator that identifies the non-IEEE standard protocol family Internet
to which a packet belongs. The SNAP value is used to differentiate between protocols that
use $AA as their SAP value. [RFC 1042]
Simple Non-interactive All-purpose einfacher, nicht-interaktiver, Allzweck- An UNIX command line resource grabber, transferring files through the HTTP, gopher, finger Internet, Unix
Resource Fetcher
Hilfsmittel-Abrufer
and FTP protocols without user interaction. Initially it meant to grab a large document or file
across a network (and to use it without the author's permission).
Siemens-Nixdorf Informationssysteme A separate company within Siemens, the largest IT company in Europe. SNI sells the
company
Siemens-Nixdorf Information
systems
BS2000 OS, databases, servers and other products. It merged with Fujitsu to FSC.
Storage Networking Industry
Industrievereinigung für
A non-profit trade association with the mission "to ensure that storage networks become
memory,
Association
Speichernetzwerke
efficient, complete, and trusted solutions across the IT community". (www.snia.org)
organization
Internet
Simple Network Management
einfaches Netzwerk-HandhabungsThe first version of the network management protocol which allows monitoring hosts from
Protocol
Protokoll
remote. [RFC 1067, 1098, 1157; vers.2 1441 to 1450, vers.3 2261 ff, 2271 ff and 2570 ff]
no acronym or abbreviation!
security
[Eigenname / proper name]
An open source network intrusion detection system. It is a packet sniffer that monitors
network traffic in real time, scrutinizing each packet closely to detect a dangerous payload or
(schnauben, schnaufen)
suspicious anomalies. (www.snort.org)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
SNPA
Long Term Equivalent
Sub Network Point of Attachment
SNR
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
SNS
Secure Network System
SNTP
Simple Network Time Protocol
SO
SO
so
SO
SOA
SOAP
Shift Out
Significant Other
Somalia
StarOffice
Service-Oriented Architecture
Simple Object Access Protocol
SOBA
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
The address used by the Network Entity to identify the point of attachment of another
Network Entity on the network.
Signal-zu-Rausch-Verhältnis
"Signal" refers to useful information conveyed by some communications medium, and "noise"
to anything else on that medium. The ratio of these is usually expressed logarithmically, in
decibels.
sicheres Netzwerksystem
A high-assurance guard (a component of the MISSI architecture) for separating top secret
enclaves from less-sensitive network environments.
einfaches Netzwerk-Zeit-Protokoll
A simple adaptation of the NTP used to synchronize computer clocks in the Internet,
operating in a simple, stateless RPC mode. [RFC 1361, 1769, 2030]
Umschaltung
A control code in the ASCII code:
bemerkenswert oder erheblich anders A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Somalia
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
[Eigenname / proper name]
Dienste-orientierte Architektur
einfaches Objektzugangsprotokoll
A protocol from Microsoft for accessing objects on the Web. It employs XML syntax to send
text commands across the Internet using HTTP. (www.w3.org/TR/SOAP)
Context
net
Service-Oriented Business
Application(s)
System on a Chip
SOCKetS server
System auf einem (einzigen) Chip
Socket(/Anschlußdosen)-Server
chip
Internet, security
SODIMM
SOF
Service-Oriented Development of
Applications
Small Outline-DIMM
Strength of Function
diensteorientierte Entwicklung von
Anwendungen
DIMM mit kleinen Abmessungen
Funktionsstärke
SOH
SOHO
SOI
Start Of Header
Small Office / Home Office
Silicon On Insulator
Beginn des Kopfsatzes
Kleinbüro / Heimbüro
Silizium auf Isolator
SOL
SOL
SOM
SOM
Solomon Islands
Sooner Or Later
Somalia
System Object Model
Salomonen
früher oder später
Somalia
System-Objektmodell
SOMY
SONET
SOP
SOTMG
SOX
Sick Of Me Yet?
Synchronous Optical NETwork
Standard Operating Procedure
Short Of Time, Must Go
Sarbanes-OXley act
schon genug von mir?
synchrones optisches Netzwerk
Standardarbeitsanweisung
keine Zeit, muß gehen
[Eigenname / proper name] - Gesetz
SoC
SOCKS
SODA
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Teilnetz-Verbindungspunkt
All the electronics for a complete, working product contained on a single chip.
A general-purpose TCP/IP proxy server that handles any kind of traffic. It is commonly used
as a network FW that enables hosts behind a SOCKS server to gain full access to the
Internet, while preventing unauthorized access from the Internet to the internal hosts.
general
net, security
Internet
ASCII
slang
country, TLD
Sun
markup, MS
A DIMM module with a thinner profile due to the use of TSOP chip packages.
memory
A qualification of a TOE security function expressing the minimum efforts assumed necessary security
to defeat its expected security behavior by directly attacking its underlying security
mechanisms.
A control code in the ASCII code:
ASCII
Refers to the growing market segment of small business or business-at-home users.
general
chip
A chip architecture that increases transistor switching speed by reducing capacitance. The
transistors in a thin top Si layer are separated from the substrate by a thin insulating layer.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
An object architecture from IBM that provides a full implementation of the CORBA standard. IBM, net,
SOM is language independent and is supported by a variety vendors.
program, Unix
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A fiber-optic transmission system for high-speed digital traffic (ANSI standard).
net
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
slang
law
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Acronym
SP
SP
SP3
SP4
SPA
SpA
SPAM
SPARC
SPC
SPD
SPDIF
SPEC
SPEWS
SPF
SPF
SPHINX
SPI
SPICE
SPK
SPK
SPKAC
Long Term Equivalent
Scalable Power ?
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
Context
IBM, Unix
A large scale server of IBM's RS/6000 product line. It is a distributed memory, multinode
computer designed for speed, scalability, flexibility and availability.
Service Pack
Wartungspack
MS, program
An update to a software version that fixes an existing problem, such as a bug, or provides
enhancements to the product that will appear in the next version of the product.
Security Protocol (at level) 3
Sicherheitsprotokoll (auf Ebene) 3
It is a network-layer encryption standard protocol developed in the SDNS project to provide
cryptography,
connectionless data security at the top of OSI layer 3. [NIST-IR-90-4250]
Internet
Security Protocol (at level) 4
Sicherheitsprotokoll (auf Ebene) 4
A protocol developed by SDNS to provide either connectionless or end-to-end connectioncryptography,
oriented data security at the bottom of OSI layer 4.
Internet
Security Posture Assessment
Bewertung der
A thorough and complete review of your organization's information security. It is provided as a security
Sicherheitshandhabung
service mainly for ISPs and organizations with large networks by consultants.
SPortAmt
office for sports
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 560)
Nuremberg
(originally) SPiced hAM ; (now)
gewürzter Schinken oder Werbung
A brand of canned meat sold by Hormel. It was later parodied in a Monty Python sketch. Now mail
a term for unsolicited e-mail: To post or mail irrelevant or inappropriate messages to large
Stupid Persons' AdvertiseMent or dummer Personen oder Leuten
numbers of users on the Internet in deliberate or accidental violation of netiquette.
Sending People Annoying Mail
lästige Mails senden
Scalable Processor ARChitecture skalierbare Prozessorarchitektur
A trademark associated to Sun for their family of 32-bit RISC CPUs. It is not a chip itself, but Sun
a specification for an instruction set architecture.
Statistical Process Control
statistische Prozesskontrolle
The application of statistical techniques for measuring, analyzing, and controlling the variation general
in processes.
Security Policy Database
Sicherheitsstrategie-Datenbank
It specifies what services are to be offered to what datagrams in an IPSec implementation. [ cryptography,
RFC 2401 sec 4.4.1]
Internet
Sony/Philips Digital InterFace
Sony/Philips digitale Schnittstelle
see S/PDIF at the beginning of the section 'S'
standard
Standard Performance Evaluation Gesellschaft für StandardAn organization to establish standard benchmarks for computers. SPEC SFS 1 (System File NFS,
Corporation
Leistungsbewertung
Server, also known as the LADDIS test) tests NFS server performance. (www.spec.org)
organization,
standard
mail
Spam Prevention Early Warning
Frühwarnsystem zur Abwendung von "A list of areas on the Internet which several system administrators, ISP postmasters, and
System
SPAM
other service providers have assembled and use to deny email and in some cases, all
network traffic from." (www.spews.org)
mail
Sender Permitted From or Sender Sender erlaubt von oder
A free and open standard extension to SMTP to avoid forgery of the sender's address by
spammers. (spf.pobox.com)
Policy Framework
Senderrichtlinie-Rahmen
Stateful Packet Filter(ing)
zustandsorientierter Paketfilter
security
A firewall mechanism that tracks connections and knows if a packet belongs to a new
connection or is part of an already established one. It allows to create rules like ’Only packets
that are a response to something I asked for can enter the network’. (see SMLI)
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
Pilotversuch des BSI zur Realisierung von E-Mail-Sicherheit, in dem Verfahren zur digitalen security
Signatur und zur Verschlüsselung erprobt werden. Es soll eine Basis zur breiten Einführung
von Produkten geschaffen werden, die konvergent zum Signaturgesetz sind.
Security Parameters Index
Sicherheitsparameter-Index
The SAID used in IPsec protocols is an arbitrary value in combination with a destination
cryptography,
address and a security protocol to uniquely identify an SA. [RFC 2401 pp 21+47]
net
program
Software Process Improvement
Capability dEtermination
Single Point Keying
Schlüsselverteilung von einem Punkt Means of distributing keys to multiple, local cryptographic equipment or devices from a single security
aus
fill point.
SPeaK
sprechen
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Signed Public Key And Challenge
cryptography
(www.openssl.org/docs/apps/spkac.html)
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
skalierbare Leistung ?
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
SPKI
SPKM
SPL
SPM
SPN
Long Term Equivalent
Simple PKI
Simple Public Key (GSS-API)
Mechanism
Sun Public License
St. Pierre and Miquelon
Service Principal Name
SPOF
Single Point of Failure
SPOT
Shared Product Object Tree
SPOT
SPST
SPWG
Smart Personal Objects
Technology
Speicherprogrammierbare
Steuerung
Same place, Same Time
Standard Panels Working Group
SPX
SPS
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
einfacher Mechanismus für öffentliche "Protocols, procedures, and conventions to be employed by peers implementing the GSS
Schlüssel
API" when using "a public-key, rather than a symmetric-key, infrastructure". [RFC 2025]
öffentliche Lizenz von Sun
(www.netbeans.org/about/legal/spl.html)
St. Pierre und Miquelon
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
hauptsächlicher Name eines Dienstes The name by which a client uniquely identifies an instance of a service in ADS. If you install
multiple instances of a service on computers throughout a forest, each instance must have its
own SPN. A given service instance can have multiple SPNs.
alleinige Schadstelle
If there is no SPOF it means that the failure of any single communication line, computer,
logical service, router, electrical line, or other device would not cause malfunction of the
whole system (redundancy).
Objektbaum verteilter Produkte
A fundamental resource in the NIM environment. It is required to install or initialize all
machine configuration types. A SPOT provides a /usr file system for diskless and dataless
clients, as well as the network boot support for all clients.
Technologie für pfiffige, persönliche An initiative by Microsoft that aims "at improving the function of everyday objects (e.g. clocks,
Gegenstände
pens, key-chains, billfolds) through the injection of software".
Programmable Logic Controller
see PLC
Context
cryptography
security
law, Sun
country
MS, security
security
IBM, Unix
MS
enterprise
selber Ort, selbe Zeit
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(www.spwg.org)
Sequenced Package eXchange
Austausch von Paketen in Folge
SQD
SQL
Signal Quality Detector
Structured Query Language
Signalqualitätsanzeige
strukturierte Abfragesprache
A transport layer protocol built on top of IPX. It is used in Novell NetWare systems for
communications in client/server application programs. SPX/IPX perform equivalent functions
to TCP/IP.
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 21 if 25 pins or missing if only 9 pins)
V.24
database, IBM
A language for creating, updating and, querying RDBMSs. It was developed by IBM in the
1970s and is the de facto standard as well as being an ISO and ANSI standard, but most
DBMS have some proprietary enhancement. SQL commands can be used to interactively
work with a database or can be embedded within a programming language.
SQL*Net
SQL Network
SQL Netzwerk
squid
no acronym or abbreviation!
[Eigenname / proper name]
SR
Service Release
Service-Version oder -Ausgabe
SR
Special Report
spezieller Bericht
sr
SRAM
Suriname
Static RAM
Suriname
statischer RAM
SRC
Security Research & Consulting
gmbH
SouRCe
GmbH zur Sicherheitsforschung und
-beratung
Quelle
SRC
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
The Oracle client/server communication software that offers transparent operation to Oracle
tools or databases over any type of network protocol and operating system.
A program that caches Web and other Internet content in a UNIX-based proxy server closer
to the user than the content-originating site. (www.squid-cache.org)
A set of hotfixes that may contain new features. It is typically integrated to create a fully
packaged product which can replace an existing retail product.
A document other than an ETSI deliverable, which contains information which it is felt useful
to make publicly available for reference purposes.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A memory chip that requires power to hold its content but does not require refresh circuitry
(like DRAM). It takes up more space and uses more power than DRAM.
A German IT security company (especially in the field of secure payment systems) that has
its foundation in the German banking industry. (www.src-gmbh.de)
The computer or network service from which a connection originates. (see also DST)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
slang
organization,
PC, standard
net, Novell
database, net,
Oracle
Internet
MS, program
standard
country, TLD
memory
company,
security
net
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
SRD
SRI
SRY
SS
SS-7
Long Term Equivalent
StadtRechtsDirektor
Sri Lanka (formerly: Ceylon)
SoRrY
So Sorry
Signaling System 7
(Literal) Translation {to German}
governor for municipal law
Sri Lanka (früher: Ceylon)
(es tut mir) leid
(es tut mir) so leid
Anzeigesystem 7
SSA
Security Service Appliance
Sicherheitsdienst-Gerät
SSA
Serial Storage Architecture
serielle Speicherarchitektur
SSAP
Source Service Access Point
Zugangspunkt f. Ursprungsdienste
SSCD
SSCP
Secure Signature Creation Device sichere Signaturerstellungseinheit
System Services Control Point
Steuerzentrale
SSD
SSDD
SSDP
SSE
SSE-CCM
Solid-State-Disk
Same Stuff, Different Day
selbes Zeug, anderer Tag
Simple Service Discovery Protocol Protokoll zum Entdecken einfacher
Dienste
Single SIMD Extensions
einzelne SIMD-Erweiterungen
?? - Capability Maturity Model
SSH
Secure SHell
sichere Schale
SSI
Server System Infrastructur
Server-Systeminfrastruktur
SSI
Single-System Image
Ein-System-Sicht
SSI
SSI
Small Scale Integration
Static Skeleton Interface
kleiner Integrationsgrad
statische Gerüst-Schnittstelle
SSID
Service Set IDentifier
Dienstsatz-Bezeichner
SSINF
SSL
So Stupid It's Not Funny
Secure Sockets Layer
so doof, das ist nicht (mehr) lustig
sichere Anschluß-Schicht
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
Context
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 003)
Nuremberg
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A protocol used by phone companies with three basic functions: supervising the status of a telecom
line, alerting the arrival of an incoming call and addressing signals over the network in the
form of dial tone or data pulses.
security
An intelligent device that is co-located at Activis' customer sites alongside the security
products it is managing, providing three key functions: log file analysis, alarm creation and
remote management. (www.activis.com)
IBM's proposed ANSI standard for a high-speed interface to disk clusters and arrays. It allows IBM, memory
full-duplex packet multiplexed serial data transfers at rates of up to 160 Mbps.
The service access point (SAP) from which a logical link control protocol data unit (LPDU) is net
originated.
The configured software or hardware which is used to implement the SCD.
security
IBM, net, SNA
A controlling program in an SNA domain. It resides in the host and is a component within
VTAM. // In SNA, a network addressable unit that provides services via a set of command
processors supporting PUs and LUs. It is normally located at a host node.
memory, PC
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
net
HTTP-basiertes Protokoll zur Vermittlung von Dienstnehmern und -leistern in einem Netz
(z.B. Geräte wie Drucker, Kameras etc.)
A group of instructions added to the Pentium III chip to improve 3D graphics performance.
PC, processor
security
A program to log into another computer over a network, to execute commands, and to move
files from one machine to another. It provides strong authentication and secure
communications over insecure channels. It is a replacement for rlogin, rsh, rcp, and rdist.
An industry initiative intended to provide ready to use design specifications for common
server hardware elements (chassis, power supplies, and racks). (www.ssiforum.org)
An operational view of multiple networks, distributed databases or multiple computer systems
as if they were one system.
It means less than 100 transistors on a chip.
The server-side API for handling receipt of network messages that is based on the skeletons
that are code-generated by the IDL compiler for a given IDL interface. (see DSI)
A 32-character unique identifier attached to the header of packets (in plain text!) sent over a
WLAN that acts as a password when a mobile device tries to connect to the BSS. The SSID
differentiates one WLAN from another, so all access points and all devices attempting to
connect to a specific WLAN must use the same SSID.
cryptography,
net
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Security protocol on the Internet from Netscape above the transport layer. When a SSL
session is started, the server sends its public key to the client (e.g. a browser) so that the
client can securely send a secret key to the server. Then both exchange data via secret key
encryption during that session. [wp.netscape.com/eng/ssl3/draft302.txt]
slang
cryptography,
Internet
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
PC
net
chip
net, program
net
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
SSO
Long Term Equivalent
Single Sign-On
(Literal) Translation {to German}
einmaliges Anmelden
SSO
System Security Officer
Systemsicherheitsverantwortlicher
SSP
System Security Plan
Systemsicherheitsplan
SSPI
SSR
Security Support Programming or
Provider Interface
Small Screen Rendering
SicherheitsunterstützungProgrammierschnittstelle
Wiedergabe auf kleinem Bildschirm
SSSO
st
ST
Secure SSO
Sao Tome and Principe
Security Target
sicheres SSO
São Tomé und Príncipe
Sicherheitsvorgabe
ST
ST
STMicroelectronics
Stream Protocol
[Eigenname / proper name]
Stromprotokoll
STA
Single-Threaded Apartment
einfach eingefädelte Wohneinheit
STARCOS SmarT cARd Chip Operating
System
StB
STadtBibliothek
STD
Security Tools Distribution
STD
STanDard
StDÜV
STE
StEB
STEP
STIP
Stk
STL
Smartcard-Chip-Betriebssystem
Meaning
The ability for users to log on once to a network and be able to access all authorized
resources (servers, applications etc.) within the enterprise.
A person responsible for enforcement or administration of the security policy that applies to a
system. (see also ISSO)
A formal document listing the tasks necessary to meet system security requirements, a
schedule for their accomplishments, and to whom responsibilities are assigned.
A standard API by MS where two applications can establish a security context independent of
the underlying security mechanisms. Similar to and replaced by GSSAPI.
A technology, which allows users to see any Web page optimized for a small-screen device
(e.g. smartphone, PDA) while keeping all functionality of the Web page intact.
SSO that is secured by cryptographic authentication.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A set of security requirements and specifications to be used as the basis for evaluation of an
identified TOE.
A global independent semiconductor company. (www.stm.com)
An experimental connection-oriented internetworking IP-layer protocol intended to provide
end-to-end real-time delivery of data streams to single or multiple destinations in applications
that require guaranteed QoS. [RFC 1190, 1819]
In Microsoft's COM a logical container for objects that is associated with exactly one thread
that is allowed to call those objects' interface methods directly. That thread has a message
loop, which causes incoming RPC requests from other threads or processes to be dispatched
to the objects in that thread. There may be multiple STAs in a process.
Context
net, security
A chip card OS by Giesecke & Devrient. The latest version enables multiple applications on
one card that are completely separated from each other.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 413)
see Knoppix STD
A subseries of RFCs that specify Internet standards.
OS, smartcard
security
security
MS, program,
security
graphic
net, security
country, TLD
security
company
Internet
MS, program
Nuremberg
security, Unix
Internet,
standard
STeuerDatenorder or decree on the transmission of A German order on the electronic transmission of tax data (mainly tax declarations) between government, law
ÜbermittlungsVerordnung
tax payers (individuals and companies) and tax authorities.
tax data
IBM
STeuerEinheit (zum Anschluss von control unit
Gerät zur Steuerung und Überwachung von Ein-/Ausgabebefehlen auf einem Kanal oder
Endgeräten)
auch auf mehreren Kanälen. Es koordiniert den Datenfluß zwischen Zentraleinheit und
Peripheriegeräten einer Datenverarbeitungsanlage.
STadtEntwässerungsBetrieb
company for city sewerage
A company being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 800) Nuremberg
enterprise
STandard for Exchange of Product Norm zum Austausch von
An ISO standard for product modeling that is designed to provide a vendor-neutral and
model data
Produktmodelldaten
computer readable definition of a product throughout its life cycle. It serves mainly for the
exchange of CAD data.
Small Terminal Interoperability
Interoperabilitätsplattform für kleine
A "Consortium ... founded to develop an interoperable platform specification for secure
organization,
Platform
Terminals
transaction devices, including, but not limited to, card accepting devices. The Consortium had smartcard
its genesis in the Java Card Forum." (www.stip.org)
STadtKämmerei
city treasurer's office
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 200)
Nuremberg
Standard Template Library
Standardvorlagenbibliothek
A software program component designed for systematic reuse.
program
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(municipal) public library
Sicherheitswerkzeuge-Distribution
Standard / Norm
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
sTLD
Long Term Equivalent
Sponsored Top-Level Domain
(Literal) Translation {to German}
geförderte TLD
STM
STM
STMicroelectronics
Synchronous Transfer Mode
[Eigenname / proper name]
synchroner Übertragungsmodus
StN
STOA
STP
STP
Stpl
STR8
Strg
struts
STandesamt Nürnberg
civil registry office of Nuremberg
Scientific and Technology Options
Assessment
Secure Trusted Operating System sicheres vertrauenswürdiges
Betriebssystem
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé und Príncipe
Shielded Twisted Pair
abgeschirmtes verdrilltes Paar
STadtPLanungsamt
office for city planning
onomatopoeic for STRaight
gerade(wegs) oder in Ordnung
Steuerung
control
no acronym or abbreviation!
Streben oder Verstrebungen
STTE
unknown!
STUN
StVO
STW
STX
su
SUB
SUD
SUI
SUITM
SUL
SunOS
Simple Traversal of Udp through
Nats
STraßenVerkehrsOrdnung
Search The Web
Start Of Text
Soviet Union (USSR)
SUBstitute
Sudan
Switzerland
See yoU In The Morning
See yoU Later
Sun Operating System
suche im Netz oder WWW
Textbeginn
Sowjetunion (UdSSR)
ersetzen
Sudan
Schweiz
wir seh'n uns am Morgen
(wir) seh'n uns später
Betriebssystem (der Firma) Sun
SUP
SUP
SUR
SUS
what'S UP?
what'S UP?
Suriname
Software Update Service(s)
Na, wie geht's? oder Was ist los?
Was ist los?
Suriname
Software-Aktualisierungsdienst(e)
STOS
SuSE, now (Gesellschaft für) Software- Und
System-Entwicklung (mbH)
SUSE
SUT
System Under Test
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
unbekannt!
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
A specialized TLD that has a sponsor representing the narrower community that is most
affected by the TLD. The sponsor thus carries out delegated policy-formulation
responsibilities over many matters concerning the TLD. (www.icann.org/tlds)
see ST
It allows multiplexing of several circuits over transmission links and switches, using a
synchronous time division multiplexing technique. Contrast to ATM. (see also SDH)
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 340)
Context
Internet, TLD
A not-for-profit scientific research and system design organization that focuses on work in the
public interest to create trusted computing environments. (www.stosdarwin.org)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
abgeschirmtes Kupferkabel mit paarweise verdrillten Adern
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 610)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
see CTRL
An open source framework based on standard technologies like JavaServlets, JavaBeans,
ResourceBundles, and XML for building web applications. (jakarta.apache.org/struts)
Feature zur Überwachung: Der Bildschirm des Mitarbeiters kann an den Bildschirm des
Administrators geleitet werden; der Mitarbeiter kann währenddessen weiterarbeiten.
Apple, OS,
security
country
net
Nuremberg
slang
PC
program, Sun
company
net
Nuremberg
HOB
net
[Eigenname / proper name]
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A control code in the ASCII code: It denotes the beginning of a text.
The ancient country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this perished country.
A control code in the ASCII code:
The UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Sun Microsystems' version of UNIX for Sun workstations. It is similar to BSD UNIX with some
SVR4 features and OpenWindows 3.0. SunOS 4.1 was replaced by Solaris.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A no-charge add-in component for Win2k and Windows Server 2003 that is designed to
simplify the process of keeping computers up to date with the latest updates and service
packs. It enables administrators to quickly deploy updates to desktop and server machines.
A German provider of solutions based on the open source OS Linux. (www.suse.de)
zu testendes System
The system that is to be tested.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
law
slang
ASCII
country, TLD
ASCII
country
country
slang
slang
OS, Sun, Unix
slang
slang
country
MS
company
general
Seite 173 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
sv
SV
SVC
SVCD
SVD
SVG
SVGA
SVID
SVK
SVN
SVR4
svw.
SW
SWAN
SWE
SWIFT
SWIM
SWOT
SWT
SWZ
SXGA
SY
sy
SYC
SYL
SYN
SYN
SyncML
Long Term Equivalent
El Salvador
Starting Variable
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
Context
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
A variable derived from an initializing value and used in defining the starting point of the mode cryptography
of operation. (see IV)
Switched Virtual Circuit
vermittelte virtuelle Verbindung
net
A network connection that is established at the time the transmission is required. SVCs are
normally implemented in connection-oriented systems.
Super VCD
Super VCD
An enhanced VCD format that uses MPEG-2, but playing time is reduced to 35 (-60) minutes memory
on normal 74/80 min CDs.
Signature-Verification Data
Daten zur Verifizierung einer Signatur The data, such as codes or public cryptographic keys, which are used for the purpose of
cryptography
verifying an electronic signature.
Scalable Vector Graphic
skalierbare Vektorgrafik
graphic
A W3C standard for vector graphics, based on XML. (www.w3.org/graphics/SVG)
Super VGA
Super VGA
A video display standard created by VESA for IBM compatible PCs to extend VGA. The
graphic, PC,
resolution is 800 x 600 pixels with initially 4 Bit (16 colours).
standard
System V Interface Definition
System V Schnittstellendefinition
An AT&T specification for the UNIX System V operating system. SVID Release 3 specifies
OS, program,
the interface for UNIX System V Release 4.
Unix
country
Slovak Republic or Slovakia
Slowakische Republik oder Slowakei The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Slovenia
Slowenien
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
System V Release 4
System V Ausgabe 4
The other major versions of the UNIX OS apart from BSD. Developed by AT&T.
OS, Unix
soviel wie
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
slang
as much as or as far as
SoftWare
Instructions for the computer (operating system, application programs etc.).
general
Software (wörtlich: weiche Ware)
Secure WAN
sicheres WAN
see S/WAN at the beginning of the section 'S'
cryptography,
net
Sweden
Schweden
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
organization
Society for Worldwide Interbank
Gesellschaft für weltweite BankenA private international electronic message transfer system for financial institutions. It is a
Financial Telecommunications
kommunikation im Zahlungsverkehr secure, high-speed, global telecommunications network owned by its bank participants and
used to transmit financial instructions in machine-readable formats.
Sim WIM
SIM WIM
A SIM card with WIM application.
security
security
Strengths, Weaknesses,
Stärken, Schwächen, Gelegenheiten, An analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats facing an organization to
Opportunities, Threats
Bedrohungen
identify business drives for improvement and to set business strategy.
Standard Widget Toolkit
Standard Widget-Werkzeugkasten
program, Sun
A software component of the Eclipse platform that delivers native widget functionality in an
OS independent manner. It is analogous to AWT/Swing in Java but uses a rich set of native
widgets. (www.eclipse.org/swt)
Swaziland
Swasiland
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Super XGA
Super XGA
A display resolution of 1280 x 1024 (approximately 1.3 million) pixels.
graphic
Seychelles
Seychellen
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Syria(n Arab Republic)
Syrien, Arabische Republik
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Seychelles
Seychellen
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
See You Later
(wir) seh'n uns später
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
SYNchronize
synchronisieren
Internet
A state flag in a TCP packet as used during a three-way handshake to establish a
connection: It is only set when establishing a TCP connection. It informs the application of the
connection request. Upon receiving a SYN request, the OS reserves resources.
SYNchronous idle
synchroner Leerlauf
A control code in the ASCII code:
ASCII
SYNChronized Markup Language synchronisierte
markup
Auszeichnungssprache
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
El Salvador
Startvariable
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
SYR
sysadmin
sysop
SySS
sz
T
T
T-DES
T-DMB
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Syrien, Arabische Republik
Systemverwalter
Systembetreiber
Systemsicherheit + [Eigenname]
Swasiland
Thailand
civil engineering office
dreifach DES
terrestrischer digitaler MultimediaRundfunk
[Eigenname / proper name]
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
see SA
A term used in the BBS world for the operator of a bulletin-board system.
A small German consulting company for network security. (www.syss.de)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 650)
see 3DES, DES3
T.128
Long Term Equivalent
Syria(n Arab Republic)
SYStem ADMINistrator
SYStem Operator
SYstem Security Schreiber
Swaziland
Thailand
Tiefbauamt
Triple DES
Terrestrial Digital Multimedia
Broadcasting
no acronym or abbreviation!
T+
T1
Think positive
no acronym or abbreviation!
Denke positiv!
[Eigenname / proper name]
T3
T7
no acronym or abbreviation!
T7 e.V.
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
TA
TA
TA
TA
Technischer Außendienst
Terminal Address
Thanks A lot
Traffic Analysis
technical field service
Adresse einer Arbeitsstation
vielen Dank
Verkehrsanalyse
TACACS
Terminal Access Controller Access Terminal-Zugangsregelung
Control System
Zugangskontrollsystem
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A digital communications line (developed by AT&T) which has a capacity of 1.544 Mbps. A T1 net
line actually consists of 24 individual channels, each of which supports 64Kbps.
A digital communications line having a capacity of 44.736 Mbps.
net
A working group for digital signatures in order to combine communication and information
cryptography,
activities in Germany and abroad. It aims to facilitate the introduction and use of digital
organization
certificates. (www.t7-isis.de) (see also AGTC; mostly same members)
Technischer Außendienst von HOB
HOB
Terminal identifier in P1024B protocol.
IBM
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Inference of information from observable characteristics of data flow, even when the data is net
encrypted. Such characteristics include the identities and locations of the source(s) and
destination(s), and the presence, amount, frequency, and duration of occurrence.
security
An UDP-based ACP in which a network access server receives an identifier and password
from a remote terminal and passes them to a separate authentication server for verification.
Extended TACACS (XTACACS) adds more intelligence in the server, and TACACS+ adds
encryption and a challenge/response option. [RFC 1492]
TACD
TAFN
TAL
TAM
TAN
TAN
Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue
That's All For Now
TeilnehmerAnschlussLeitung
Tomorrow A.M.
Tanzania
TransAktionsNummer
Das ist vorerst alles.
local loop or subscriber line
morgen vormittag
Tansania (früher: Sansibar)
transaction number
TAO
The Ace Orb
[Eigenname / proper name]
TAO
Track-At-Once
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Context
country
general
general
security
country, TLD
country
Nuremberg
cryptography
telecom
net, standard
A multipoint application sharing protocol by ITU (also known as T.SHARE). It defines how
participants in a T.120 conference can share local applications such that other conference
participants can see the image of the shared application, and use the mouse and keyboard to
take control of the shared application as if it were running locally.
(www.tacd.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The access line of a telco from the nearest distribution point to the homes of its customers.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
A six-figure one-time-valid number which confirms the intention to perform a discrete
transaction and the validity of the transaction. Widely used for Internet banking transactions
in Germany it replaces (together with a PIN) a signature.
An open source, CORBA compliant, C++ ORB initially designed for the real-time and
embedded markets. (www.theaceorb.com)
organization
slang
telecom
slang
country
security
net, program
PC
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
TAOCP
Glossar - Abkü
TAPI
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
The Art Of Computer Programming Die Kunst des
Rechnerprogrammierens
Telephony API
Telefonie-API
TAR
Tape ARchive
Bandarchiv
TBD
TBH
TBS
TC
TC
TC
To Be Determined
To Be Honest
Tpm Base Service
Take Care
Transmit Clock
Trust Center
ist (noch) festzulegen
um ehrlich zu sein
TPM Basisdienst
paß auf
Sendetakt
Vertrauenszentrum
tc
TCA
TCA
TCAM
TCB
TCB
TCD
TCG
TCH
Tcl/Tk
TCM
TCO
TCOS
TCP
TCP/IP
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
Meaning
A book writing project by Donald E. Knuth (with 3 of 5 volumes already realized) about writing
good computer programs. (www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/taocp.html)
A programming interface from Microsoft and Intel that is part of Microsoft's WOSA
architecture. It allows Windows client applications to access voice services on a server.
Unix's general purpose archive utility and the file format it uses. It combines a group of files
into a single file and was originally intended for use with magnetic tapes. It does not
compress files but may be used in conjunction with such programs.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Context
program
MS, program,
telecom
Unix
slang
slang
security
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 15 if 25 pins or missing if only 9 pins)
V.24
A TTP that issues public key certificates. (see CA and RA, CSP, PKA, ZDA) Also: The name cryptography
of a specific TC originally founded by German private banks. (www.trustcenter.de)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks- und Caicos-Inseln
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Trading Community Architecture
Architektur für die HandelsThe data model of Oracle's business applications. It defines requirements on common
database,
Gemeinschaft
formats for contact information in Oracle applications to enable sharing of data between
Oracle
applications, enable sharing of data with outside parties, and facilitate internationalization.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks- und Caicos-Inseln
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
IBM
TeleCommunications Access
TelekommunikationsIBM communications software widely used to transfer data between mainframes and 3270
Method
Zugangsmethode
terminals.
Transmission Control Block
Übertragungs-Steuerblock
The data structure that records the state of a TCP connection: "Among the variables stored in Internet
the TCB are the local and remote socket numbers, the security and precedence of the
connection, pointers to the user's send and receive buffers, ..." [RFC 793]
Trusted Computing Base
vertrauenswürdige Rechengrundlage The totality of protection mechanisms within a system, including hardware, firmware, and
security
software, the combination of which is responsible for enforcing a security policy.
Chad
Tschad
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Trusted Computing Group
security
Gruppe für vertrauenswürdige
"An industry standards body, comprised of computer and device manufacturers, software
Rechner
vendors and others with a stake in enhancing the security of the computing environment
across multiple platforms and devices." (www.trustedcomputinggroup.org)
Chad
Tschad
The UN vehicle code for this country.
country
Tool Command Language/Tool Kit Werkzeug-Kommandosprache /
A programming system for building GUIs and systems controlled from them. Tcl is an
graphic,
Werkzeugkasten
interpreted command language. Tk is an X11 toolkit based on Tcl, providing a "graphical
program, X11
scripting language". [www.tcl.tk]
Total Content Management
totale Inhaltsverwaltung
Total Cost of Ownership
Gesamtkosten(betrachtung) des
The cost of using a computer, including the costs of hardware, software and upgrades as well enterprise
eigenen (Computersystems)
as the inhouse staff and/or consultants that provide training and technical support.
Telesec Chipkartenbetriebssystem
Telesec Chipcard Operating
The secure COS of Telesec's (belonging to Deutsche Telekom) smart card. It is designed to smartcard
System
be used for multiple applications and is evaluated according ITSEC to E4.
Transmission Control Protocol
Übertragungskontrollprotokoll
TCP is the connection-oriented protocol for the Internet built on top of IP and is nearly always Internet
seen in the combination TCP/IP (TCP over IP). It adds reliable communication and flowcontrol and provides full-duplex, process-to-process connections. [RFC 793, (1323)]
TCP over IP
TCP über IP
see TCP. Sometimes used as a synonym for the whole Internet protocol family.
Internet
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
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Acronym
TCPA
Long Term Equivalent
Trusted Computing Platform
Alliance
TCSEC
Trusted Computer System or
Security Evaluation Criteria
TCT
Terminal Control Table
td
Chad
TD
Transmitted Data
TD-SCDMA Time Division Synchronous Code
Division Multiple Access
TDDSG
TeleDiensteDatenSchutzGesetz
TDG
TeleDiensteGesetz
TDM
Time Division Multiplexing
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
TDP
Thermal Design Power
TEA
Tiny Encryption Algorithm
TEK
Traffic Encryption Key
tel
telco
TEMPEST
TELephone
TELephone COmpany
TEMPorary Emanation and
Spurious Transmission
TESS
The Exponential Encryption
System
TESTA
Trans-European Service for
Telematics between
Administrations
Trusted Execution Technology
TErrestrial Trunked RAdio
TET
TETRA
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Glossar - Abkü
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(Literal) Translation {to German}
Allianz für eine vertrauenswürdige
Rechenplattform
Meaning
An open industry alliance focused on enabling trust and security on computer platforms,
founded by Compaq, HP, IBM, Intel and Microsoft in 1999 (now more than 160 members). (
www.trustedcomputing.org)
Bewertungskriterien für
A document (known as the Orange Book) published by the NCSC containing a uniform set of
vertrauenswürdige Computersysteme basic requirements and evaluation classes for assessing degrees of assurance in the
oder -sicherheit
effectiveness of HW and SW security controls built into systems. (see also CC)
Steuertabelle für Datenstationen
In CICS systems other than CICS on Open Systems, a table containing the characteristics of
the terminals accessed by terminal control. Its equivalent in CICS on Open Systems is called
Terminal Definitions (WD).
Tschad
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Daten übertragen
An RS-232 signal. (control signal on pin 2 if 25 pins or on pin 3 if only 9 pins)
Context
security
security,
standard
IBM
country, TLD
V.24
telecom
A German law regulating the protection of data privacy of the users of teleservices in terms of law
the TDG.
A German law that aims to create a uniform economic business environment for the possible law
uses of electronic information and telecommunication services.
Zeit-Multiplexverfahren
A technology that transmits multiple signals simultaneously over a single transmission path. telecom
Each lower-speed signal is time sliced into one high-speed transmission.
Zeitteilungs-Mehrfachzugriff
A satellite and cellular phone technology that interleaves multiple digital signals onto a single telecom
high-speed channel.
Auslegung der Wärmeabgabe
The maximum amount of power the thermal solution (of a device like a processor) is required general
to dissipate without exceeding the specified maximum junction temperature.
winziger Verschlüsselungsalgorithmus A Feistel cipher that encrypts 64 data bits at a time using a 128-bit key. It is one of the fastest cryptography
and most efficient cryptographic algorithms and was developed by D. Wheeler and R.
Needham. (vader.brad.ac.uk/tea/tea.shtml)
Schlüssel zur Verschlüsselung des
A key used to encrypt plain text or to superencrypt previously encrypted text and/or to decrypt cryptography
Datenverkehrs
cipher text.
Telefon
A planned sponsored TLD that will be available for (existing) telephone numbers and VoIP.
TLD
Telefongesellschaft
A company that provides telephone services.
telecom
security
zeitweilige Ausstrahlung und
Originally a study of the US military about the security of telecommunications devices that
unberechtigte Fortpflanzung
emit EMR. Today it refers to external EMR from data processing equipment and the security
measures used to prevent it.
das exponentielle
A system of separate but cooperating cryptographic mechanisms and functions for the secure cryptography
Verschlüsselungssystem
authenticated exchange of cryptographic keys, the generation of digital signatures, and the
distribution of public keys. It employs asymmetric cryptography, based on discrete
exponentiation, and a structure of self-certified public keys.
law on the protection of data privacy
in teleservices
teleservices law
government
Europa-übergreifender Dienst für
Telematik oder Fernwirkungen
zwischen Verwaltungen
terrestrischer Bündelfunk
An European open digital trunked radio standard defined by ETSI to meet the needs of the
most demanding professional mobile radio users (see e.g. BOS). (www.tetramou.com)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
security
telecom
Seite 177 von 207
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Acronym
TeX
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:55
(Literal) Translation {to German}
[Eigenname / proper name]
tf
Long Term Equivalent
Latin transcription for the Greek
letters "tau epsilon chi"
French Southern Territories
TFAK
Trojan First Aid Kit
TFM
Trusted Facility Manual
TFS
TFS
Team-Foundation-Server
Traffic Flow Security
TFT
Thin Film Transistor
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Tg
TierGarten
tg
TGA
TGIF
TGO
TGS
Togo
Tonga
Thank God It's Friday
Togo
Ticket Granting Server or Service
TGT
Ticket Granting Ticket
TGZ
Tar Gnu Zip
th
Th
Thailand
THeater nürnberg
TH
Transmission Header
THA
THC
THNQ
THNX
THX
TI
TIA
Thailand
The Hacker's Choice
onomatopoeic for Thank-you
onomatopoeic for THaNks
onomatopoeic for THanks
Texas Instruments
Thanks In Advance
"A freeware anti-trojan program for Windows, which detects and removes the most commonly security
used trojans around." (www.snake-basket.de/tfak)
security
A document containing the operational requirements, security environment, hardware and
software configurations and interfaces, and all security procedures, measures, and
contingency plans.
MS
Datenverkehrsfluß-Sicherheit
cryptography
The protection resulting from encrypting the source and destination addresses of valid
messages transmitted over a communications circuit.
Dünnfilmtransistor
general
A type of LCD flat-panel display screen, in which each pixel is controlled by one or more
transistors.
einfaches Dateiübertragungsprotokoll A simple file transfer protocol (a simplified version of ftp) that is often used to boot diskless
Internet, Unix
workstations and other network devices (such as routers) over a network (typically a LAN).
Has no password security. [RFC 783, 1350, 1782 f]
zoological garden
Nuremberg
The zoological garden of Nuremberg is formally one part of the Nuremberg municipal
administration. (department number 415)
Togo
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
Tonga
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Gott sei Dank (es) ist Freitag
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
Togo
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Dienst zur Bewilligung von EintrittsA TGS is part of the KDC functionality provided by Kerberos, and supplies the tickets used in security
oder Fahrkarten
authentication processes.
Eintritts- oder Fahrkarte zur
A Kerberos ticket (obtained from a central KDC) with limited lifetime that may be used to get security
further tickets. In contrast to a service ticket used to connect to a specific service.
Bewilligung von Eintrittskarten
TAR GNU ZIP
A filename extension for a file or directory which has been archived with tar and then
compression,
compressed with gzip. The full form ".tar.gz" is also common.
Unix
Thailand
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
theater of Nuremberg
The theater of Nuremberg (consisting of opera, theater and ballet) is formally one part of the Nuremberg
Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 414)
Übertragungskopf
In SNA, control information, that is created and used by path control to route message units IBM, net, SNA
and to control their flow within the network.
Thailand
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
des Hackers Wahl
security
A group of international experts involved in network and system security. (www.thc.org)
danke
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
danke
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
danke
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
[Eigenname / proper name]
company
"The world leader in digital signal processing and analog technologies." (www.ti.com)
(vielen) Dank im voraus
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Französische Süd- (und
Antarktis)gebiete
Erste-Hilfe-Ausrüstung (gegen)
Trojaner
Handbuch für vertrauenswürdige
Einrichtungen
Meaning
An extremely powerful macro-based text formatter (providing complete control over
typographical formatting) written by D. Knuth that is very popular in science community.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
application
country, TLD
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Acronym
TIA
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Total or (later renamed to) Terrorist totales Informationsbewußtsein
Information Awareness
TIAD
TIF
TIFF
Tomorrow Is Another Day
Tag(ged) Image File
Tag(ged) Image File Format
morgen ist ein neuer Tag
Markierungs-Bilddatei
Markierungs-Bilddatenformat
TIP
Transaction Internet Protocol
Transaktions-Internet-Protokoll
TIPC
Transparent Inter Process
Communication
Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Telekommunikation
transparente Kommunikation
zwischen Prozessen
Tadschikistan
Tadschikistan
telecommunication
tj
TJK
TK
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
A program with the goal "to revolutionize the ability of the US to detect, classify and identify
foreign terrorists – and decipher their plans – and thereby enable the US to take timely action
to successfully preempt and defeat terrorist acts". (see IAO)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A common file name extension for TIFF files.
A graphics file format widely used for still-image bitmaps (black & white, gray scale, 8- and
24-bit color), stored in tagged fields. TIFF allows for customization (e.g. several compression
methods), which does not guarantee compatibility between all programs.
A simple, easily-implemented two-phase commit protocol (2PC) for achieving atomicity of a
transaction (the ability to determine whether a work is completed without errors on all nodes
or whether it has to roll back; see ACID) in distributed applications. [RFC 2371]
(tipc.sourceforge.net)
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
Communicating information, including data, text, pictures, voice and video over long distance.
Meaning also the systems and industry dealing with that task.
tk
Tokelau
Tokelau(-Inseln)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
TKD
Technischer Kundendienst
technical after-sales service
Technischer Kundendienst von HOB
TKG
TeleKommunikationsGesetz
telecommunication law
A German law regulating the telecommunications sector (including the usage of frequencies)
to ensure competition and supply all over the country. It justifies the RegTP.
TKIP
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
Integritätsprotokoll für temporäre
A part of the IEEE 802.11i encryption standard to secure wireless LANs better than WEP. It
Schlüssel
provides per-packet key mixing, a message integrity check and a re-keying mechanism, thus
fixing the flaws of WEP. (see also WPA)
TKL
Tokelau
Tokelau(-Inseln)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
TKM
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
TKÜV
TeleKommunikationsregulation concerning the surveillance This German by-law regulates the surveillance of telecommunications.
ÜberwachungsVerordnung
of telecommunications
TLA
Three-Letter Acronym
Drei-Buchstaben-Akronym
An acronym that consists of exactly three letters, like TLA itself.
TLC
Third-Level Cache
Stufe 3 Zwischenspeicher
Additional cache memory in multi-processor systems.
TLD
Top-Level Domain
Domäne der obersten
The highest level domain category in the Internet naming system for computers. Normally the
Hierarchie(ebene)
country (ccTLD) or .com, .gov, .net, .org etc. (gTLD). [RFC 1591] (www.icann.org/tlds)
TLK2UL8R TaLK to yoU LateR
(ich) spreche mit dir später darüber
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
TLRZ
Thüringer LandesRechenZentrum
(www.tlrz.thueringen.de)
TLS
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
East Timor (formerly: Portuguese Osttimor
Timor)
TLS
Top Level Specification
Spezifikation auf höchster Ebene
A non-procedural description of system behavior at the most abstract level; typically a
functional specification that omits all implementation details.
TLS
Transport Layer Security
Transportschicht-Sicherheit
A security protocol from the IETF that is a merger of SSL and other protocols. It is expected
to become a major security standard on the Internet, eventually superseding SSL. TLS is
backward compatible with SSL and uses 3DES encryption. [RFC 2246]
TLSP
Transport Layer Security Protocol Transportschicht-Sicherheitsprotokoll see TLS [ISO 10736, draft international standard]
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
security
slang
graphic
graphic
Internet
program
country, TLD
country
telecom
country, TLD
HOB
law
cryptography,
net
country
country
law
general
memory
Internet, TLD
slang
government
country
general
cryptography,
Internet
cryptography,
standard
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Acronym
TM
Long Term Equivalent
TradeMark
TM
Transaction Monitor or Manager
tm
TMB
Turkmenistan
Text Me Back
Meaning
Any visible sign or device used by a business enterprise to identify its goods and distinguish
them from those made or carried by others.
Transaktions-Überwachungsgerät
see TP (monitor). Specifically: A software component in X/Open DTP that assigns identifiers
to transactions, monitors their progress, and takes responsibility for transaction completion
and for failure recovery (see 2PC).
Turkmenistan
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
sende mir eine SMS-Nachricht zurück A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
TMDS
Transmission Minimized
Differential Signalling
Too Much Information
Trust Me On This
Take My Word For It
Tunisia
TelNet 3270
übertragungsminimierte differenzielle
Signalübertragung
zu viel Information
vetraue mir in dieser (Sache)
ich gebe dir mein Wort darauf
Tunesien
[Eigenname / proper name]
Trusted Network Connect
Transport Neutral Encapsulation
Format
Trusted Network Interpretation
vertrauenswürdiger Netzwerkverteiler
TMI
TMOT
TMWFI
tn
TN3270
TNC
TNEF
TNI
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Handelsmarke
Interpretation für NetzwerkVertrauenswürdigkeit
TNS
Transparent Network Substrate
transparentes Netzwerksubstrat((Protocol)
Protokoll)
TNSTAAFL There's No Such Thing As A Free es geht nichts über ein kostenloses
Lunch
Mittagessen
TNX
danke
onomatopoeic for ThaNks
to
Tonga
Tonga
TÖB
Träger Öffentlicher Belange
public bodies or representatives of
public interests
TOE
Target of Evaluation
Evaluationsgegenstand
TOG
TON
TOP
Togo
Tonga
no acronym or abbreviation!
Togo
Tonga
oben
TOR
TOS
The Onion Routing
Terms Of Service
Dienstbedingungen
ToS
Type Of Service
Diensttyp
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Context
enterprise
net, program
country, TLD
slang
A transmission method for sending digital information to a flat panel display.
graphic, PC
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
A client program that includes the 3270 protocol for logging onto IBM mainframes. Using the
TCP/IP networking protocol, it is widely used to connect a desktop computer to a mainframe
and emulate a mainframe terminal (3270) session.
slang
slang
slang
country, TLD
IBM, Internet
security
mail, MS
The specific security features, the assurance requirements and the rating structure of the
TCSEC as extended to networks of computers ranging from isolated LANs to WANs.
The Oracle networking technology that provides a single application interface to all industrystandard networking protocols. SQL*Net is a TNS-based application.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
security
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Authorities and institutions under public law (e.g. the police, water authority, the postal
service, providers of public transport, etc.) which must be consulted under established
regulations in all planning procedures of significance to a particular area or region.
An IT product or system and its associated administrator and user guidance documentation
that is the subject of an evaluation.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A Linux tool that displays a periodically sampled set of statistics on system usage. By default
it shows CPU utilization and memory usage for each process in the system.
(tor.eff.org)
see AUP. The rules laid down by a service provider that users must obey or risk being "TOSsed" (disconnected).
A field in an IP packet that is used for QoS. The TOS field is 8 bits, broken into five subfields.
E.g. it specifies the priority of the packet.
slang
country, TLD
government, law
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
database, net,
Oracle
slang
security
country
country
Unix
Internet
general
Internet
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Acronym
tp
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Long Term Equivalent
East Timor (formerly: Portuguese
Timor)
TP (monitor) TeleProcessing or Transaction
Processing (monitor)
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Osttimor
Meaning
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Context
country, TLD
Fern- oder Vorgangsverarbeitung (Überwachungsgerät)
A control program that manages the transfer of data between multiple local and remote
terminals and the application programs that serve them. It may also include programs that
format the terminal screens and validate the data entered. In a distributed client/server
environment, it ensures that transactions do not get lost or damaged.
net, program
TPC
Rat für VorgangsbearbeitungDurchsatz
Transaction processing
Performance Council
An organization devoted to benchmarking transaction processing systems by measuring the
total performance of a system (including hardware, OS, DBMS etc.) in tpm to derive the
number of transactions that can be processed in a given time frame. (www.tpc.org)
TPC
Transmit Power Control
Sendeleistungssteuerung
It enables wireless services (DECT, WLAN) to use the minimum output power necessary to
transmit data signals if interference with other transmissions is encountered.
TPC
Two-Person Control
Zwei-Personen-Kontrolle (oder Vier- The close surveillance of a system at all times by minimum of two appropriately authorized
persons, each capable of detecting unauthorized procedures with respect to the tasks to be
Augen-Kontrolle)
performed and each familiar with established security requirements.
TPE
Taiwan
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Taiwan oder China, Republik
TPI
Two-Person Integrity
Zwei-Personen-Integrität (oder Vier- A system of storage and handling designed to prohibit individual access to certain keying
material by requiring the presence of at least two authorized persons, each capable of
Augen-Prinzip)
detecting unauthorized security procedures with respect to the task being performed.
TPL
TeilProjektLeiter
subproject manager
The person who is in charge of managing a certain part of larger project.
TPM
Tomorrow P.M.
morgen nachmittag
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
TPM
Trusted Platform Module
vertrauenswürdiges Plattformmodul A device consisting of hardware and software that is the root-of-trust in a given platform (e.g.
a PC). It checks the system integrity and authenticates third-party users who would like to
access the platform while remaining under complete control of its primary user.
tpmC
Transaktionen pro Minute C
Transactions Per Minute
The rating from the TPC-C (vs. TPC-A or -B) benchmark, which measures overall transaction
(according to test version) C
processing performance of a computer system in transactions per minute.
TPTB
The Powers That Be
höhere Mächte
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
TPV
Technische ProjektVerantwortung technical project responsibility
Die Person, die für die Umsetzung von Projektvorgaben und damit für die Steuerung der
notwendigen (Personal)Ressourcen zuständig ist.
TQM
Total Quality Management
ganzheitliches Qualitätsmanagement An organizational undertaking to improve the quality of manufacturing and service. It seeks to
integrate all the elements of an organization in order to meet the needs and expectations of
its customers.
TR
Technical Report
technischer Bericht
An ETSI deliverable, containing mainly informative elements, approved for publication by a
technical body.
TR
Token Ring
Markierungszeichen-Ring
A LAN technology developed by IBM (IEEE 802.5). It uses a token ring access method and
connects up to 255 nodes in a star topology at 4 or 16 Mbps. All stations connect to a central
wiring hub called the MAU using a twisted wire cable.
tr
Turkey
Türkei
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
TRAC
Telecommunications Research
Forschungs- und Aktions-Zentrum für An US, non-profit, tax-exempt, membership organization with the "primary goal to promote
and Action Center
Telekommunikation
the interests of residential telecommunications customers". (www.trac.org)
tracert
trace route (to target)
Wegverfolgung (zum Ziel)
An UNIX (and Win NT) command line utility used for route-tracing in the Internet. It will trace
a path from you to the URL or IP address given along with the tracert command.
TRADACO TRAding DAta COMmunication
HandelsdatenA European EDI standard developed by the Article Numbering Association. It has been
MS
Standard
Kommunikationsstandard
mostly used by the retail industry in the U.K.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
organization
telecom
security
country
security
Curiavant
slang
security
unit
slang
Curiavant
enterprise
standard
IBM, net
country, TLD
organization,
telecom
Internet, Unix
net, standard
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Acronym
TRANSEC
Long Term Equivalent
TRANsmission SECurity
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Übertragungssicherheit
travel
TRI
Triple DES
TRIPS
Reisen
Trinidad und Tobago
dreifach DES
Tru64
travel
Trinidad and Tobago
Triple DES
Trade-Related aspects of
Intellectual Property rightS
The Real-time Operating system
Nucleus
no acronym or abbreviation!
TS
Technical Specification
technische Spezifikation
TSA
Time Stamp(ing) Authority
Zeitstempel-Dienststelle
TSC
Tsf Scope of Control
TSF Kontrollumfang
TSE
Terminal Server Edition
Arbeitsstationsbediener-Ausgabe
TSF
Toe Security Functions
TOE Sicherheitsfunktionen
TSFI
Toe Security Functions Interface
TOE SicherheitsfunktionenSchnittstelle
TSIG
Trusted Systems Interoperability
Gruppe für die Interoperabilität
Group
vertrauenswürdiger Systeme
Trust (service provider) Status List Vetrauensstatusliste
TRON
TSL
TSMC
der Echtzeit-Betriebssystemkern
[Eigenname / proper name]
TSO
Taiwan Semiconductor
Manufacturing Company
Time Sharing Option
Taiwan
Halbleiterfertigungsgesellschaft
Option für Timesharing
TSOP
TSP
Thin Small Outline Package
Time Stamp Protocol
kleines dünnes (Chip-)Gehäuse
Zeitstempelprotokoll
TSP
Toe Security Policy
TOE Sicherheitsstrategie
TSP
Trust Service(s) Provider
Vertrauensdiensteanbieter
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
A component of COMSEC resulting from the application of measures designed to protect
transmissions from interception and exploitation by means other than cryptanalysis.
A sponsored TLD that will be available to the travel industry.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
see 3DES > DES3
Context
security
A new computer architecture for computer augmented environments as a joint effort of
industry and academia to bring about a new order in the computer world. (www.tron.org)
A 64-bit UNIX OS from Compaq that runs on its Alpha line. It was formerly Digital UNIX when
Alpha was a product family from DEC.
An ETSI deliverable, containing normative provisions, approved for publication by a technical
body.
A TTP that provides a "proof-of-existence" for a particular datum at an instant in time. It
guarantees for non-repudiation: the time-stamped datum (e.g. a document, transaction)
existed before a particular time. (see also TSP, TSS)
The set of interactions that can occur with or within a TOE and are subject to the rules of the
TSP.
An option for NT that enables an application to be run simultaneously by multiple users at
different (Windows) PCs. Windows Terminal Server turns an NT server into a centralized,
timeshared computer (like a mainframe with terminals). (see RDP)
A set consisting of all hardware, software, and firmware of the TOE that must be relied upon
for the correct enforcement of the TSP.
A set of interfaces, whether interactive (man-machine interface) or programmatic (application
programming interface), through which TOE resources are accessed, mediated by the TSF,
or information is obtained from the TSF.
A forum of computer vendors, system integrators, and users devoted to promoting
interoperability of trusted computer systems.
An information structure that allows the sharing of status information relating to TSPs
between parties who need to validate the trustworthiness of the service which certified the
signatory of a contract or transaction.
The world's largest independent semiconductor foundry. (www.tsmc.com)
OS
Software that provides interactive communications for IBM's MVS operating system. It allows
a user or programmer to launch an application from a terminal and interactively work with it.
The TSO counterpart in VM is called CMS.
A very-thin, plastic SMD chip package with gull-wing pins on its two short sides.
The format of a request sent to a TSA and of the response that is returned. There may be
different transport protocols (e-Mail, HTTP etc.). (see also TSA, TSS) [RFC 3161]
A set of rules that regulate how assets are managed, protected and distributed within a TOE.
IBM
A provider of any electronic trust service. This embraces a wide range of services (e.g. time
stamping) which may relate to electronic signatures and is broader than the provision of
certification services alone (compare to CSP).
security
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
TLD
country
cryptography
economy, law
OS, Unix
standard
cryptography
security
MS, OS, PC
security
security
security
security
company
chip
cryptography
security
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Acronym
TSPA
Long Term Equivalent
Technologien, Standards,
Plattformen, Architektur(en)
TSPI
TSR
Telephony Service Provider
Interface
Terminate Stay Resident
TSS
TST
Time Stamp Service
Trusted Signature Terminal
TSTB
tt
TTFN
TTL
TTO
TTP
The Sooner, The Better
Trinidad and Tobago
Ta Ta For Now
Time To Live
Trinidad and Tobago
Trusted Third Party
je früher, desto besser
Trinidad und Tobago
vorerst mal Tschüss
Lebenszeit
Trinidad und Tobago
treuhänderische Dritte
TTS
TTTT
TTYL
TTYS
TU
TUI
Text To Speech
These Things Take Time
Talk To You Later
Talk To You Soon
Thank yoU
Technik-Unterstützte
Informationsverarbeitung
Tunisia
Turkey
Technischer ÜberwachungsVerein
Text in Sprache (-ausgabe)
diese Dinge brauchen Zeit
wir sprechen uns später
wir sprechen uns bald
danke
TUN
TUR
TÜV
TUV
TUXEDO
TV
tv
tw
TWAIN
TWC
Tuvalu
Transactions for UniX, Enhanced
or Extended for Distributed
Operation
TeleVision
Tuvalu
Taiwan
archaic for two items of the same
kind
TrustWorthy Computing
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
technologies, standards, platforms
and architecture(s)
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
Context
A concept in Thuringia for using technologies, standards, platforms and architectures. It aims standard
at an integrated approach for all e-government projects modernizing the administration.
telecom
beenden, (aber im Speicher)
anwesend bleiben
Zeitstempeldienst
vertrauenswürdiges SignaturAnzeigegerät
A type of DOS utility which, once loaded, stays in memory and can be reactivated by pressing program
a certain combination of keys. TSRs are unnecessary with multitasking OSs.
A service that supports assertions of proof that a datum existed before a particular time.
cryptography
A small device (invented by FhG SIT) for using signature smart cards for creating qualified
security,
electronic signatures. It is connected to a PC, equipped with biometric components for user smartcard
authentication, and ensures a trustworthy presentation of the data to be signed.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
country, TLD
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A technique used in best-effort delivery systems to avoid endlessly looping packets.
net
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
security
A responsible party which all participants involved agree upon in advance, to provide a
service or function, such as TSS or certification by binding a public key to an entity.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
slang
slang
slang
Erlangen
Tunesien
Türkei
technical inspection or supervisory
agency or authority
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
In the past German testing organizations on behalf of the state, in order to control the safety company,
of technical plants or cars. Today 3 separate companies acting as international service
organization
groups, that document the safety and quality of products, systems and services.
Tuvalu
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
net, program
Transaktionen für UNIX, erweitert für A cross-platform distributed transaction monitor (TM) middleware marketed by BEA. It
verteilte Ausführung
supports the production of scalable client-server applications and the coordination of
transactions spanning heterogeneous DBs, OSs, and hardware. (see also ENCINA)
Fernsehen, Fernseher
The broadcasting of visual images (plus sound). Also a receiver that displays the images.
general
Tuvalu
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Taiwan oder China, Republik
graphic, PC
altertümlich für zwei
The de facto image capture API standard for different OSs that lets an image processing
software (e.g. an image editing program or DTP program) activate an image-capturing device
(e.g. a scanner, frame grabber or digital camera). (www.twain.org)
security
vertrauenswürdiges Rechnen
An initiative by MS that aims to remove bugs in their software and to enhance security.
(/Computernutzung)
("Customers will always be able to rely on these systems to be available and to secure their
information. ... computing that is as available, reliable and secure as electricity ...".)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
TWN
TX3G
TY
TYT
TYVM
tz
TZA
U
u.U.
u.u.R.
Long Term Equivalent
Taiwan
3G-TeXt
Thank You
Take Your Time
Thank You Very Much
Tanzania
Tanzania
Urschrift
unter Umständen
urschriftlich unter Rückerbittung
U3
You: Simplified, Smarter, Mobile ??
U3D
Universal 3D
universelles 3D(-Format)
UA
ua
UA
chemisches UntersuchungsAmt
Ukraine
User Agent
office for chemical analysis
Ukraine
Benutzer-Dienstprogramm
UA
User Agent
Benutzer-Dienstprogramm
UAA
UAAG
UBE
UBL
Universal Audio Architecture
User Agent Accessibility
Guidelines
United Arab Emirates
Universal Amiga Emulator
User Account Protection
Universal Asynchronous Receiver
and Transmitter
Unsolicited Bulk E-mail
Universal Business Language
Richtlinien zur Zugänglichkeit von
Anwenderagenten
Vereinigte Arabische Emirate
universeller Amiga-Emulator
Schutz des Benutzerzugangs
universeller asynchroner Empfänger
und Sender
ungebetene Massen-e-Mail
universelle Geschäftssprache
UCC
Uniform Code Council
UCE
UCITA
Unsolicited Commercial E-mail
Uniform Computer Information
Transaction Act
University of California, Los
Angeles
UAE
UAE
UAP
UART
UCLA
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Taiwan oder China, Republik
3G-Text
danke
Laß dir Zeit!
Vielen Dank!
Tansania (früher: Sansibar)
Tansania (früher: Sansibar)
original
possibly
in the original with the request for
return (of the document)
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A text format for synchronisation of titling and captioning with audio and video tracks.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
Context
country
graphic
slang
slang
slang
country, TLD
country
slang
slang
slang
(www.u3.com)
memory
A proposed standard for 3D graphics which is intended for downstream 3D visualization
applications and to facilitate the reuse of 3D CAD data. (www.3dif.org)
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 531)
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
Any software that retrieves and renders Web content for users. This may include Web
browsers, media players, plug-ins, and other programs - including assistive technologies that help in retrieving and rendering Web content.
An (OSI) application process ('client') that represents a human user or organization in an
electronic mail system (in particular X.400). It is a component of a MHS that creates, submits,
and takes delivery of messages on the user's behalf.
graphic,
standard
Nuremberg
country, TLD
Internet
Guidelines for designing user agents (HTML browsers etc.) that lower barriers to Web
accessibility for people with disabilities (e.g. visual, physical). (www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10)
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
An electronic device consisting of a single chip that can send or receive characters on
asynchronous serial communication lines that use RS232.
Unsolicited bulk e-mail is also called spam. (see SPAM)
A technical committee of the OASIS that develops a standard library of XML business
documents (purchase orders, invoices, etc.) by modifying an already existing library of XML
schemas to incorporate the best features of other existing XML business libraries.
Rat für einheitliche Kennzahlen
A membership organization based in the US that jointly manages the EAN.UCC system with
EAN International. The UCC also administers the EAN.UCC system in the US and Canada. (
www.uc-council.org)
ungebetene kommerzielle e-Mail
Unsolicited commercial e-mail is also called spam. (see SPAM)
einheitliches Computer-Informations- A law that deals with software contracts and licensing drafted by the National Conference of
und Geschäftsabschluß-Gesetz
Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. It has passed in two states of the USA.
Universität von Kalifornien in Los
(www.ucla.edu)
Angeles
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
mail
PC
Internet
country
program
MS, security
V.24
mail
enterprise
general
mail
law
organization
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Acronym
UCON
Long Term Equivalent
Usage CONtrol
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Gebrauchskontrolle
UCS
Universal Character Set
universeller Zeichensatz
UCSD
University of California, San Diego Universität von Kalifornien in San
Diego
Universal Data Access
universeller Datenzugriff
UDA
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
A generalized and unified conceptual framework that enables controlling usage of rights on
digital objects for traditional access control, trust management, confidential information
protection, privacy protection and DRM in a systematic manner.
A standard character set, also known as 'Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set'. It
comes in two flavours: a 16-bit variant called UCS-2 and a 32-bit variant called UCS-4, which
is composed of 16-bit UCS-2 'planes'. It evolved to Unicode. [ISO/IEC 10646]
(www.ucsd.edu)
Context
security
ASCII, standard
organization
database, MS
An umbrella term from Microsoft for its combined set of standards for file and database
access regardless of their structure. It includes ODBC, ADO, OLE DB and RDS.
Internet
The project creates a platform-independent, open framework for describing services,
discovering businesses, and integrating business services using the Internet. (www.uddi.org)
UDDI
Universal Description, Discovery,
and Integration
universelle Beschreibung,
Entdeckung und Integration
UDF
Universal Disk Format
allgemines Plattenformat
A file system for optical media (CD) designed for read-write interoperability between all the
major OSs as well as compatibility between rewritable and write-once media.
UDI
UDI
Unified Display Interface
Universal or Uniform Driver
Interface
Uno Development Kit
Ultra Density Optical
User Datagram Protocol
vereinheitlichte Anzeigeschnittstelle
Universelle Treiberschnittstelle
UDRP
Uniform Domain-name disputeResolution Policy
einheitliche DomänennamenStreitfall-Lösungsrichtlinie
UEFI
Unified EFI
vereinigtes EFI
UfAB
UFP
Unterlagen Für die Ausschreibung
und Bewertung von it-leistungen
URL Filtering Protocol
URL Filterprotokoll
PC
A standard programming interface for writing device drivers for UNIX operating systems. It is program, Unix
supported by SCO, HP, IBM, Sun and others.
program
(udk.openoffice.org)
memory
(www.plasmon.com/udo)
Internet
A connectionless transport protocol that runs on top of TCP/IP's IP. Provides an unreliable
datagram service. That is, packets may be duplicated, lost, or received in a different order
than the one in which they were sent. Useful for broadcasts. [RFC 768]
"Under the policy, most types of trademark-based domain-name disputes must be resolved Internet, law
by agreement, court action, or arbitration before a registrar will cancel, suspend, or transfer a
domain name." (www.icann.org/udrp)
"The Unified EFI Forum is a non-profit collaborative trade organization formed to promote and organization,
manage the UEFI standard." This standard is based on EFI from Intel. (www.uefi.org)
PC, standard
government
UFS
Universal or Unix File System
universelles oder UNIX-Dateisystem
ug
UGA
UGC
UGTBK
UHAPI
Uganda
Uganda
User Generated Content
yoU've Got To Be Kidding
Universal Home Application
Programmer Interface
Ultra High Frequency
Uganda
Uganda
von Benutzern erstellte Inhalte
Du beliebst wohl zu scherzen?
universelle Programmierschnittstelle
für Heim-Anwendungen
ultrahohe Frequenz oder
Ultrahochfrequenz
UDK
UDO
UDP
UHF
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
UNO Entwicklungsbaukasten
Benutzer-Datenprotokoll
A protocol and API developed by CheckPoint that extends their firewall to cooperate with
other vendor's software allowing organizations to monitor and/or eliminate network traffic to
Internet sites deemed inappropriate or otherwise undesirable.
The file system used by UNIX V, BSD and their variants. It is mature but developed for older
types of disk drives where geometries were known. It is no longer optimal.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(www.uhapi.org)
A range of the RF spectrum with frequencies from 300 MHz to 3 GHz, corresponding to
wavelengths in the free space between 1 m and 100 mm.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
PC
Internet, security
Unix
country, TLD
country
general
slang
organization
telecom
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Acronym
UI
Long Term Equivalent
Unix International Inc.
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Unix International
UI
User Interface
Benutzerschnittstelle
UID
UIQ
User IDentification or IDentifier
User Interface ... ??
Benutzeridentifikationsnummer
Benutzerschnittstelle ... ??
UIS
Unix Integration Services
UNIX-Integrationsdienste
UIX
User Interface Xml
Benutzerschnittstelle XML
uk
United Kingdom (Great Britain)
UKR
UKTR
UL
Ukraine
You Know That's Right
UnitedLinux
Vereinigtes Königreich
(Großbritannien)
Ukraine
du weißt, dass das stimmt
vereintes Linux
UL
ULD
UpLoad
Unabhängiges Landeszentrum für
Datenschutz schleswig-holstein
Ultra-Lightweight Encapsulation
hochladen
independent state center for privacy
protection in Schleswig-Holstein
ultraleichte Kapselung
ULE
ULSI
Ultra-Large Scale Integration
UltraSPARC ULTRA SPARC
ultrahoher Integrationsgrad
ULV
Ultra-Low Voltage
äußerst niedrige Spannung
um
US Minor Outlying Islands
UMA
Unlicensed Mobile Access
Amerikanische kleinere abgelegene
Inseln (im Pazifik)
unlizenzierter mobiler Zugriff
UMA
UMB
Upper Memory Area
Upper Memory Block
oberer Speicherbereich
oberer Speicherblock
UMD
UMI
Universal Media Disc
US Minor Outlying Islands
UML
Unified Model(l)ing Language
universelle Medienplatte
Amerikanische kleinere abgelegene
Inseln (im Pazifik)
vereinheitlichte Modellsprache
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
A consortium (today extinct) including Sun, AT&T and others formed to promote an open
environment based on UNIX System V, including the Open Look windowing system.
The aspects of a computer system or program which can be seen (or heard or otherwise
perceived) by the user, and the commands and mechanisms the user uses to control its
operation and input data. It describes its interaction with humans. (see also CLI, GUI)
Same as username. Unique, system internal number to identify an user.
A Swedish Company that "develops and licenses a world-class user interface platform, UIQ,
to the leading mobile phone manufacturers". It is subsidiary of Symbian Ltd. (www.uiq.se)
It is a Management Service product by Citrix that allows X11 clients to connect to MetaFrame
and WinFrame servers. Included with UIS are numerous administration tools.
An extensible, J2EE-based framework from Oracle for building web applications. It is based
on the MVC design pattern, it is server-based and it supports a variety of clients, including
web browsers and mobile devices (which do not require Java).
The country code TLD for this country. (see also gb)
Context
organization,
Unix
program
Unix
company,
telecom
Unix
Oracle,
program, Sun
country, TLD
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A standard Linux distribution from four major Linux vendors (Caldera/SCO, Connectiva, SuSE OS, Unix
and Turbolinux). (www.unitedlinux.com)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
The office for protection of privacy in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany. (
government,
www.datenschutzzentrum.de)
security
Internet
A proposed protocol for the transmission of IPv4 and IPv6 datagrams and other network
protocol packets over MPEG-2/DVB networks.
It means more than one million transistors on a chip.
chip
processor, Sun
The ability of a chip (e.g. a processor) to be run with a very low voltage (e.g. 1 V) compared
to a normal / previous version of the chip. Thus it needs less power and produces less heat.
The (ancient ?) country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
chip
A technology that provides access to GSM and GPRS mobile services over unlicensed
spectrum technologies, including Bluetooth and IEEE 802.11. It allows service providers to
enable subscribers to roam and handover between cellular networks and public and private
unlicensed wireless networks using dual-mode mobile handsets. (www.umatechnology.org)
net, telecom
Memory in a PC between 640 KB and 1024 KB. But also used as a synonym for HMA.
Unused blocks of memory in the UMA. UMBs are allocated and managed by a special
memory manager such as EMM386.EXE, and can be used for TSRs and device drivers.
memory, PC
memory, PC
country, TLD
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
memory
country
An object-oriented design language from the OMG that unifies popular methods.
program
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
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Acronym
UML
Long Term Equivalent
User-Mode Linux
UMM
UMPC
UMS
UN/CEFACT Modeling
Methodology
Ultra Mobile PC
Unified Messaging Service
ultramobiler PC
vereinheitlichter Nachrichtendienst
UMS
Universal Message System
universales Nachrichtensystem
UMTS
Universal Mobile
Telecommunications System
UN
United Nations
UN/CEFAC United Nations Centre for Trade
T
Facilitation and Electronic
Business
UNC
Universal or Uniform Naming
Convention
UNI
User-to-Network Interface
UNICORE
UNICOS
UNIX
UNiform Interface to COmputing
REsources
UNIx Cray Operating System
UNo of multIX (=MULTICS)
UNO
UNO
UOF
UPA
United Nations Organization
Universal Network Objects
Uniform Office Format
Universal Powerline Association
UPN
UPNAM
UPnP
Umgekehrt Polnische Notation
unknown!
Universal Plug and Play
UPS
UR
URE
Uninterruptible Power Supply
yoUR oder yoU'Re
Uno Runtime Environment
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Benutzer-Modus Linux
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
A patch for the Linux kernel which allows an executable binary to be compiled and executed
on a host Linux machine. "The kernel can be assigned virtual resources ... and can have a
hardware configuration entirely separated from that of the host." (www.usermodelinux.org)
Context
Unix
(www.unece.org/cefact/umm/umm_index.htm)
standard
It provides a single point of access to all three message types (voice, fax, email) from virtually
any communications device (telephone, PC, Web browser) through the Internet. E.g. in the
user's email inbox, a unique icon identifies each message type.
A database for news- and mail-messages. It has a client-server-architecture and it is
designed to support all news- and mail-formats (MAUS, FIDO, ZConnect, QWK, UUCP,
POP3, SMTP, NNTP) in the same way. It is only implemented on the AMIGA.
The European implementation of the 3G wireless phone system. UMTS provides service in
the 2GHz band and offers global roaming and personalized features.
PC
Internet, mail,
telecom
Internet, mail
Universelles, mobiles
Telekommunikationssystem
Vereinte Nationen
Zentrum für Handelserleichterung und (www.unece.org/cefact)
elektronischen Geschäftsverkehr bei
den Vereinten Nationen
allgemeine oder einheitliche
A standard for identifying servers, printers and other resources in a network, which originated
Namensvergabe-Regelung
in the UNIX community. A UNC path uses double slashes or backslashes to precede the
name of the computer and a single slash or backslash for the path within it.
Benutzer-zu-Netzwerk-Schnittstelle
The interface between the end user and the network. The terms are used in ATM and frame
relay networks. Contrast with NNI.
einheitliche Schnittstelle für Rechen- It "provides a science and engineering grid combining resources of supercomputer centers
Hilfsmittel
and making them available through the Internet." (www.unicore.de)
Cray-Unix-Betriebssystem
A UNIX variant for Cray computers.
Eins von MULTICS
A multiuser, multitasking OS developed at Bell Labs (AT&T) in the early 1970s that is widely
used as the master control program in workstations and especially servers. Today a family of
OSs which includes AIX, Digital UNIX, FreeBSD, HP-UX, IRIX, Linux, NetBSD, OpenBSD,
SCO (UnixWare and OpenServer), Solaris, SunOS, Tru64 and ULTRIX.
telecom
Organisation der Vereinten Nationen
universale Netzwerkobjekte
einheitliches Büro-Format
Vereinigung für universelle
(Übertragung über) Stromleitung
reverse polish notation
unbekannt!
universelles Einstecken und
Mitspielen
unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorg.
dein(e) oder du bist
UNO Entwicklungsumgebung
organization
program
standard
organization
(www.upaplc.org)
EXIT-Routine zur kundenspezifischen Anpassung von HOBCOM.
A variation of the Plug and Play technology from MS aimed at consumer products. It was
announced in mid-1999 as a counter to Sun's Jini technology. (www.upnp.org)
A power supply that includes a battery to maintain power in the event of a power outage.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
organization
organization
net, Unix
net
net
OS, Unix
OS, Unix
HOB
MS
general
slang
program
Seite 187 von 207
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Acronym
URG
URI
Long Term Equivalent
URGent
Uniform Resource Identifier
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
URN
Uniform Resource Name
URU
URY
US
us or U.S.
USA
USB
Uruguay
Uruguay
Unit Separator
United States (of America)
United States of America
Universal Serial Bus
USD
USEIT
US-Dollar
UNIX Security Enhancement and
Information Tool
USEr NETwork
United States International Trade
Commission
UseNet
USITC
USK
USL
USP
Unterhaltungssoftware
SelbstKontrolle
Unix System Laboratories
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Meaning
Context
dringend
A state flag in a TCP packet.
Internet
einheitliches Ressourcenkennzeichen The generic set of all names and addresses which are short strings which refer to objects
Internet
(typically on the Internet). The most common kinds of URI are URLs. [RFC 1630]
einheitlicher Ressourcenfinder
Internet
The global address that defines the route to a file on the Web or any other Internet facility.
Example: [protocol]://[machine:port]/[document] with machine = host.[domain].tld
einheitlicher Ressourcenname
Internet
A location-independent resource identifier (URI) that has an institutional commitment to
persistence and availability. [RFC 1737, 2141]
Uruguay
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
Uruguay
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
country
Teilgruppentrennung
A control code in the ASCII code:
ASCII
Vereinigte Staaten (von Amerika)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
country, TLD
Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code, UN vehicle code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
universeller serieller Bus
PC
A hardware serial interface for low-speed peripherals (e.g. keyboard, mouse, joystick,
scanner, printer). It has a maximum bandwidth of 12 Mbits/sec, and up to 127 devices can be
attached. It supports Plug-and-Play installation and hot plugging.
[Eigenname / proper name]
US-American currency.
economy, unit
security, Unix
UNIX Sicherheitsverbesserungs- und Das "BSI-Tool Sichere Unix-Administration" hilft Systemverwaltern um "Unix-Rechner auf
Informationswerkzeug
sicherheitsrelevante Einstellungen zu prüfen und Sicherheitsprobleme aufzuzeigen."
Benutzernetzwerk
A public access network on the Internet that provides user news and group e-mail.
Internet, mail
internationale Handelskommission
"An independent, nonpartisan, quasi-judicial federal agency that provides trade expertise to ... economy,
der Vereinigten Staaten
the ... government, determines the impact of imports on US industries, and directs actions
government,
against certain unfair trade practices." (www.usitc.gov)
organization
organization
(www.usk.de)
Unix System Labors
UTC
Unique Selling Point or Proposition Alleinstellungsmerkmal oder
einmaliges Verkaufsargument
Umsatzsteuergesetz
law on sales or turnover tax
uninterruptible power supply
Unterbrechungsfreie
Stromversorgung
Universal Time Coordinated
weltzeitkoordiniert
UTCTime
UTC Time
UTC Zeit
UTF
Ucs or Universal or Unicode
Transformation Format
Universal Transportable Memory
Association
Unshielded Twisted Pair
Unix to Unix Copy Program or
Protocol
UCS oder universelles oder Unicode
Umwandlungsformat
Vereinigung für universellen,
transportierbaren Speicher
unabgeschirmtes verdrilltes Paar
Kopie von Unix nach Unix
UStG
USV
UTMA
UTP
UUCP
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
An AT&T subsidiary formed in 1990, responsible for developing and marketing UNIX. In
1993, USL was acquired by Novell.
Novell, Unix
economy
A German law regulating the sales tax. (see VAT)
see UPS
law
general
Defines the universal time zone, which all the other time zones are relative to. It observes no
daylight saving time (summer time).
This ASN.1 data type contains a calendar date (YYMMDD) and a time to a precision of either
one minute (HHMM) or one second (HHMMSS), where the time is either UTC or the local
time followed by an offset that enables UTC to be calculated.
A method for converting 16-bit Unicode characters into 7- or 8-bit characters (UTF-7, UTF-8).
UTF-8 is the most widely used encoding, at least on UNIX systems.
"A standards organization created to drive the promulgation of the universal FISH Memory
card, based on universal USB 2.0 communications." (www.fishmemory.org)
nicht abgeschirmtes Kupferkabel mit verdrillten Adern
A protocol for network connectivity by non-interactive distribution of files.
standard
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
cryptography
ASCII, standard
memory
net
net, Unix
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Acronym
UUID
Long Term Equivalent
Universally Unique ID
(Literal) Translation {to German}
universell einzigartiger Bezeichner
UV
UltraViolet
ultraviolett
UV
UVPA
Unpleasant Visual
Umwelt-, Verkehrs- und
PlanungsAusschuss
yoU're Welcome
UmWeltAmt
UltraWideBand
UniX
Ultra XGA
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
City Vatican State (Holy See)
VorgehensMODELL
unangenehm sichtbar
UW
UwA
UWB
UX
UXGA
uy
uz
UZB
V
V-Modell
Gern geschehen! / Keine Ursache!
office for the environment
Ultraweitband
UNIX
Ultra XGA
Uruguay
Usbekistan
Usbekistan
Vatikanstadt (Heiliger Stuhl)
procedure model
V-Modell XT VorgehensMODELL eXtreme
Tailoring or eXTendable
v.
Version
V.24
no acronym or abbreviation!
V.42bis
no acronym or abbreviation!
erweiterbares procedure model
v.A.w.
v.i.S.d.P.
von Amts wegen
verantwortlich im Sinne des
Presserechts oder -gesetzes
City Vatican State (Holy See)
Vanuatu
Verkehrsrechtliche AnOrdnung
Value Added Reseller
City Vatican State (Holy See)
Value Added Tax
officially or ex officio or in ordinary
responsible for the purpose of the
press law
Vatikanstadt (Heiliger Stuhl)
Vanuatu
Association of Telecommunications
and Value-Added Service Providers
VAX
Verband der Anbieter von
Telekommunikations- und
Mehrwertdiensten e.V.
Virtual Address eXtension
VB
Vertriebsbeauftragter
sales manager
va
VAN
VAO
VAR
VAT
VAT
VATM
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Version
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
Wiederverkäufer mit Zusatznutzen
Vatikanstadt (Heiliger Stuhl)
Mehrwertsteuer (MwSt, USt)
virtuelle Adreßerweiterung
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
A 128-bit number used to uniquely identify some object or entity on the Internet. Depending
on the specific mechanisms used, a UUID is either guaranteed to be different or is extremely
likely to be different from any other UUID generated until 3400 A.D.
This part of the electromagnetic spectrum has wavelengths shorter than the visible light, but
longer than X-rays. It may be used to erase EPROMs.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Context
Internet
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 325)
slang
Nuremberg
see HP-UX
A display resolution of 1600 x 1200 (approximately 1.9 million) pixels.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
It "is an internationally recognized development standard for IT systems which uniformly and
bindingly lays down what has to be done, how the tasks are to be performed and what is to
be used to carry this out." It encompasses the lifecycle process model, the allocation of
methods, and the functional tool requirements. (www.v-modell.iabg.de, www.v-modell-xt.de)
HP, Unix
graphic
country, TLD
country, TLD
country
country
program
general
slang
Erlangen
program
It denotes a major release number of a software.
A standard of the ITU for the serial interface that is similar (or equal) to RS-232.
An ITU standard for modem data compression. It uses the LZW technique to achieve up to a
4:1 ratio and implies the V.42 error checking protocol.
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
German officialese. (The German slang of some administration officials: formal and misty.)
general
V.24
compression,
standard
slang
slang
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
country, TLD
country
government
economy
country
economy
An organization that adds value to a system and resells it.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
A consumption tax which is levied at each stage of production based on the value added to
the product at that stage. In German it is the MwSt (or USt).
The association of Telecommunications and Value-Added Service Providers represents more
than 50 of the telecommunications and multimedia companies active in the German market
that compete with the ex-monopolist Deutsche Telekom AG. (www.vatm.de)
A family of 32-bit computers from Digital introduced in 1977. VAXes range from desktop
personal computers to mainframes all running the same VMS OS.
Vertriebsbeauftragte von HOB
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
organization,
telecom
DEC
HOB
Seite 189 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
VB
VBA
Long Term Equivalent
Visual Basic
Visual Basic for Applications
(Literal) Translation {to German}
visuelles BASIC
visuelles BASIC für Anwendungen
VBS
vc
VC
VC-1
vCard
VorgangsBearbeitungsSystem
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Virtual Circuit
Video Codec 1 ?
Versit ? or Virtual ? Card
workflow management system
St. Vincent und die Grenadinen
virtuelle Verbindung
VCD
Video CD
Video-CD
VCI
Virtual Channel Identifier
virtuelles Kanalkennzeichen
VCL
VCN
VCR
Bibliothek sichtbarer Komponenten
Vernetzen virtueller Computer
Video(-Kassetten)rekorder
VDI
Visual Component Library
Virtual Computer Networking
Video Cartridge or Cassette
Recorder
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Verzeichnisdienst
Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker oder der Elektrotechnik
(E)lektronik (I)nformationstechnik
Verein Deutscher Ingenieure
VDI
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
VCT
VD
VDE
VDK
VDMA
VDR
VDSL
ve
VE
VEN
VERA
VESA
VFAT
[Eigenname / proper name]
St. Vincent und die Grenadinen
directory service
association for electrical, electronic
and information technologies
association of German engineers
virtuelle Schreibtischoberfläche Infrastruktur
Verzeichnisdienstkonzept
directory service concept
Verein Deutscher Maschinen- und federation of German mechanical and
Anlagenbau
plant engineering
Video Disk Recorder
Videoplatten-Recorder
DSL mit sehr hoher Datenrate
Very high ((data or bit rate) or
speed) DSL
Venezuela
Venezuela
Virtual Environment
virtuelle Umgebung
Venezuela
Venezuela
Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms Verzeichnis EDV-Relevanter
Akronyme
Video Electronics Standards
Normierungsverband für VideoAssociation
Elektronik
Virtual FAT
virtuelle FAT
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:56
Meaning
A popular event-driven visual programming system from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows.
A subset of Visual Basic that provides a common language for customizing MS applications.
It is used as the macro language for MS applications and supports COM.
The German abbreviation for a WMS. (see WMS)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A network generated, end-to-end link sending packets in order.
A standard format from the IETF for an electronic business (or personal) card that includes
fields for photos, sound and company logos. [RFC 2426] (www.imc.org/pdi)
A CD format used to hold 74 minutes of VHS-quality video and CD-quality sound by using the
MPEG-1 compression method.
A unique numerical tag as defined by a 16 bit field in the ATM cell header that identifies a
virtual channel, over which the cell is to travel.
A library for Borland Delphi RAD software.
mistaken for VNC
A (magnetic) videotape recording and playback machine. Also it was originally invented to
store analog TV data, it may also be used for digital data (e.g. for backup purposes).
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
see DS, VZD
A non-profit association for electrical science and technology with more than 33.000
engineers, natural scientists and technicians mainly from Germany. It promotes the technical
progress and the application of electrical engineering/electronics. (www.vde.de)
A financially independent and politically unaffiliated, non-profit organization of 127.000
engineers and natural scientists mainly in Germany. (www.vdi.de)
(www.vmware.com/solutions/desktop/vdi.html)
A concept how to build a DS (with a schema) for the specific needs of an organization.
A private, non-profit, and voluntary membership organization of the German machinery and
plant manufacturing industry and the information technology sector. (www.vdma.de)
A digital video recorder project based on Linux. (www.cadsoft.de/vdr)
A form of DSL similar to ADSL but providing higher speeds (13 Mbps - 55 Mbps range) at
reduced lengths (300 - 1500 m) of twisted pair copper wire. (www.fs-vdsl.net)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
Context
MS, program
MS, program
general
country, TLD
net
compression
Internet, mail
memory
telecom
program
Internet
general
country
database
organization
organization
database
organization
graphic
net, telecom
country, TLD
PC
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code and IOC Olympic code for this country.
country
A directory you may search to find an acronym. (cgi.snafu.de/ohei/user-cgi-bin/veramain-e.cgi general
)
A consortium of video adapter and monitor manufacturers whose goal is to standardize video graphic, PC,
protocols (e.g. SuperVGA that offers greater resolution and more colors than VGA).
organization
MS
A virtual installable files system driver used in WfW and Win95/98 for long file names.
Operating in protected mode it serves as an interface between applications and the FAT.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 190 von 207
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Acronym
VFS
Long Term Equivalent
Virtual File System
(Literal) Translation {to German}
virtuelles Dateisystem
VfW
vg
VG
Video For Windows
Virgin Islands, British
Volume Group
Video für Windows
Jungferninseln (britisch)
Datenträgergruppe
VGA
Video Graphics Adapter or Array
VGB
VGDA
Virgin Islands, British
Volume Group Descriptor Area
VHF
Very High Frequency
VHS
Volkshochschule
vi
VI
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Virtual Interface
vi
Visual Interface
VIA
Value Internet Architecture ?
VIA
Virus Information Alliance
VIE
VIM
Vietnam
Vendor Independent Messaging
Vim
Vi IMproved or IMitation
VIN
VIONTI
VIR
vishing
VLAN
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
VIsion ON TIme
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Voice phISHING
Virtual LAN
VLF
Very Low Frequency
VLIW
Very Long Instruction Word
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:57
Meaning
The software layer in the Linux kernel that provides the file system interface to userspace
programmes. It also provides an abstraction within the kernel which allows different file
system implementations (e. g. ext2, FAT) to co-exist.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A set of one or more physical volumes (read-write fixed-disk drives of varying size and type)
from which space can be allocated to one or more logical volumes.
Videografikadapter
The de facto minimum graphics display standard developed by IBM for PCs, with 640 x 480
pixels in 16 colours and a 4:3 aspect ratio (, in text mode 720 x 400 pixels).
Jungferninseln (britisch)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
Bereich (für die) Beschreibung (einer) It contains information regarding the organization and location of all logical volumes and
Datenträgergruppe
physical volumes within the volume group.
sehr hohe Frequenz
A range of the RF spectrum with frequencies from 30 MHz to 300 MHz, corresponding to
wavelengths in the free space between 10 m and 1 m.
adult evening school
Fortbildungsstätte für Erwachsene mit Abendkursen oder Lehrgängen, meist in öffentlicher
Trägerschaft (Stadt, Landkreis).
Jungferninseln (USA)
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
virtuelle Schnittstelle
An architecture that provides transport independent, memory-to-memory networking for highthroughput, low-latency SAN or clustered environments. VI-capable hardware allows bulk
data transfer directly to or from application buffers even without OS intervention.
visuelle Schnittstelle
The de facto standard full-screen text editor for almost all Unix systems. It can be run from
the command line as a fast, programmer-oriented utility. (www.thomer.com/vi/vi.html)
[Eigenname / proper name]
"A leading innovator and developer of PC core logic chipsets, microprocessors, and
multimedia and communications chips." (www.via.com.tw)
Virus-Informationsbund
An information-sharing program by MS and leading anti-virus software vendors to provide
customers with detailed and timely information about newly discovered viruses.
Vietnam
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
verkäuferunabhängiger
An electronic mail API promoted by Lotus, Novell, IBM and others in competition to
Nachrichtenaustausch
Microsoft's MAPI.
verbesserter VI
An improved version of vi, available for many platforms. It allows multi screen editing, more
flexible insert/command mode handling, better C indentation and more. (www.vim.org)
St. Vincent und die Grenadinen
The IOC Olympic code for this country.
Vision rechtzeitig
A small software company in N with expertise in Java solutions for electronic signatures.
Jungferninseln (USA)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
"Phishing" by means of a telephone call.
virtuelles LAN
A logical subgroup within a LAN that is created via software rather than cables. It combines
user stations and network devices into a single unit regardless of the physical LAN segment
they are attached to.
sehr niedrige Frequenz
A range of the RF spectrum with frequencies from 9 kHz to 30 kHz, corresponding to
wavelengths in the free space between 33 km and 10 km.
sehr langes Befehlswort
A CPU architecture in which a compiler splits program instruction up into basic operations
that can be performed in parallel. The operations are put into a VLIW that the processor then
takes apart and passes the operations to the appropriate devices.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
Unix
graphic
country, TLD
IBM, Unix
graphic, IBM,
PC, standard
country
IBM, Unix
telecom
Curiavant
country, TLD
memory, net
application,
program, Unix
company
MS, security
country
mail, program
application,
program, Unix
country
company
country
security
net
telecom
processor
Seite 191 von 207
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Acronym
VLSI
Vm
VM
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:57
Context
chip
Nuremberg
IBM, OS
VM/ESA
Meaning
It means between 100.000 and one million transistors on a chip.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 620)
An IBM mainframe OS (also VM/CMS, VM/SP). It can run multiple OSs within the computer
at the same time, each one running its own programs. CMS provides VM's interactive
capability.
VM/Enterprise System Architecture VM/Unternehmens-systemarchitektur A software for IBM mainframes, that allows to set up several VMs.
VML
Vector Markup Language
VMS
VMS
VerkehrsManagementSystem
Virtual Memory System
Vektor(-grafik)Auszeichnungssprache
traffic management system
virtuelles Speichersystem
graphic,
markup, MS
Curiavant
DEC, OS
VMTP
VMware
Versatile Message Transaction
Protocol
'Virtual Machine'-ware
flexibles NachrichtenAbwicklungsprotokoll
'virtuelle Maschine'-Ware
vn
VNC
Vietnam
Virtual Network Computing
Vietnam
virtuelles Netzwerk-Rechnen
VNM
VOB
Vietnam
früher VerdingungsOrdnung für
Bauleistungen, jetzt Vergabe- und
vertragsOrdnung für Bauleistungen
Video on Demand
Vietnam
contracting rules for award of public
works contracts or (German)
construction contract procedures
Video auf Anforderung
VoD
VOF
Long Term Equivalent
Very Large Scale Integration
VerMessungsamt
Virtual Machine
Glossar - Abkü
(Literal) Translation {to German}
sehr hoher Integrationsgrad
land surveying office
virtuelle Maschine
VoiceXML
Sprach-XML
VoIP
Voice over IP
(Übertragung der) Stimme über IP
VOIPSA
VoIP Security Alliance
VoIP Sicherheitsallianz
VOL
VerdingungsOrdnung für
Leistungen (ausgenommen
bauleistungen)
Voice Over Misconfigured Internet
Telephones
conditions concerning contracts for
supplies and services
VON
VP
Voice On the Net
Virtual Path
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
A software by EDV Dr. Haller & Co based on a GIS for managing traffic information.
A multiuser, multitasking, virtual memory OS for the VAX series from DEC (now Compaq,
resp. HP). VMS applications run on any VAX from the MicroVAX to the largest unit.
A datagram communications protocol that provides efficient and reliable transmission across
networks. [RFC 1045]
A company that delivers software for building virtual machines (virtualization of the x86
architecture) on industry-standard computers (PCs). (www.vmware.com)
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
"A remote display system which allows you to view a computing 'desktop' environment not
only on the machine where it is running, but from anywhere on the Internet and from a wide
variety of machine architectures." (www.uk.research.att.com/vnc)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
The ability to deliver a (compressed) movie or other video program to an individual Web
browser or TV set from a central server whenever the user requests it.
Internet
company, OS,
PC, Unix
country, TLD
Internet
country
government
general
government
VerdingungsOrdnung für
Freiberufliche leistungen
VOICE XML
VOMIT
An extension to XML that defines images in vector graphics format for the Web.
IBM
(Übertragung der) Stimme über
fehlerhaft konfigurierte InternetTelefone
Stimme im Netz
virtueller Weg
An extension to XML which, when combined with voice recognition technology, enables
interactive Web-access by the telephone or a voice-driven browser. (www.w3.org/voice)
Internet or IP telephony. Any technology providing voice telephony services (audio) over a
packet-switched IP network.
(www.voipsa.org)
Eine deutsche Verordnung, die allgemeine Bestimmungen für die Vergabe von Leistungen
durch die öffentliche Hand enthält. / German standard terms and conditions for placing public
orders for supplies and services.
markup
Internet,
telecom
organization,
security
government
Internet,
security,
telecom
(www.von.com)
Übermittlungsstrecke bei B-ISDN
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
telecom
Seite 192 von 207
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Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
VPI
Long Term Equivalent
Virtual Path Identifier
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Kennzeichen eines virtuellen Weges
Vpl
VPN
VerkehrsPLanungsamt
Virtual Private Network
transport planning office
virtuelles, privates Netzwerk
VPNC
VPN Consortium
VPN Konsortium
VPRT
Verband Privater Rundfunk und
Telekommunikation e. V.
Virtuelle PostStelle
(registered) association of private
broadcast and telecommunication
virtual mail room or post office
VPS
VR
VRML
VRRP
Virtual Reality
virtuelle Realität
Virtual Reality Modeling Language Sprache zur Modellierung virtueller
Realität
Virtual Redundancy Routing
(Daten-)Wegeleitungsprotokoll mit
Protocol
virtueller Redundanz
VRTX
VS
VS
Versatile Real-Time eXecutive
VerschlussSache
Visual Studio
vielseitige Echtzeit-Ausführung
classified document
visuelle Werkstatt
VSAM
Virtual Storage Access Method
virtuelle Speicherzugriffs-Methode
VSE
Virtual Storage Extended
VSI
Verband der SoftwareIndustrie
(Deutschlands e.V.)
Vertical Tab
Virtual Terminal
erweiterter virtueller (Arbeits-)
Speicher
(registered) association of the
software industry (in Germany)
vertikaler Tabulator
virtuelles Terminal
VT 100
VT 52
VTAM
Virtual Terminal 100
Virtual Terminal 52
Virtual Telecommunications
Access Method
virtuelles Terminal 100
virtuelles Terminal 52
virtuelle TelekommunikationsZugangsmethode
VTS
vu
VUT
VwVfG
Virtual Terminal System
Vanuatu
Vanuatu
VerWaltungsVerFahrensGesetz
virtuelles Terminalsystem
Vanuatu
Vanuatu
administrative procedures act
VT
VT
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:57
Meaning
An eight bit field in the ATM cell header which indicates the virtual path over which the cell
should be routed.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 615)
A private, logical network that is configured within a public network (such as the Internet) by
using encryption. It uses security protocols like IPsec, L2F, L2TP or PPTP.
An "international trade association for manufacturers in the VPN market". It aims to "promote
the products of its members" and to "increase interoperability between members by showing
where the products interoperate." (www.vpnc.org)
The representation of interests of the private radio and TV organizers and of companies in
the telecommunication and multimedia industry in Germany. (www.vprt.de)
An e-mail gateway that simulates a virtual mail room. It may receive, redistribute and send
mail, verify signatures, decrypt incoming and encrypt outgoing messages.
An artificial reality that projects you into a 3-D space generated by the computer.
A 3-D graphics language used on the Web. After downloading a VRML page, its contents can
be viewed, rotated and manipulated.
It "specifies an election protocol that dynamically assigns responsibility for a virtual router to
one of the VRRP routers on a LAN." The election process provides dynamic fail over. The
advantage is a higher availability. [RFC 2338]
A classified document (government or business secrets) that should be kept confidential.
A suite of programming language and development tools from MS. It includes Visual Basic
(see VB), Visual C++, Visual FoxPro, Visual J++ and Visual InterDev.
An IBM access method for storing data, widely used in IBM mainframes. It uses the B+tree
method for organizing data.
An IBM multiuser, multitasking OS that was widely used on IBM's 43xx series.
The representative of the software industry in Germany with more than 170 software
producers, distributors, dealers, publishers and training course companies. (www.vsi.de)
A control code in the ASCII code: Vertical tabulator (next row).
A protocol for the dialog-oriented access from a terminal to the host. Also a series of
asynchronous display terminals from DEC for its PDP and VAX computers with text and
graphics models in both monochrome and color. Used by most terminal emulators.
DEC's definitive CRT video terminal 100 of the 1980s or an equivalent terminal emulation.
DEC's CRT video terminal 52 or an equivalent terminal emulation.
IBM's communications method for linking user applications running under any of their
mainframe OSs (VM and MVS, for example) to user terminals and printers (such as the 3270
series). Supports SNA (OSI layers 3, 4, and 5) and SDLC (layer 2).
Protocol by HP for the communication of their special terminals with a HP3000 system.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A German law on administrative procedures. It contains regulations about consultation,
proofs, periods, local competencies of authorities, procedural principles (e.g. not bound at
certain forms), dates, authentication, special types of procedure, plea procedures.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Context
telecom
Nuremberg
cryptography,
net
cryptography,
net
organization,
telecom
Curiavant, mail
general
graphic, Internet
Internet
OS
general
MS, program
IBM, memory
IBM, OS
organization
ASCII
DEC, IBM
DEC
DEC
IBM, net, SNA
HP, net
country, TLD
country
government, law
Seite 193 von 207
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Acronym
VxD
Long Term Equivalent
Virtual Device Driver
VXML
VxWorks
VoiceXML
probably: VrtX now WORKS
VZD
W-CDMA
W/B
W2K
W3C
VerZeichnisDienst
Wideband CDMA
Write Back
Windows 2000
WWW Consortium
WABI
WAG
WAI
Windows Applications Binary
Interface
Gambia
Web Accessibility Initiative
WAIS
Wide Area Information System
WAKE
Word Auto Key Encryption
WAL
WAM
WAN
WAN
WAN2TLK
WAP
Sierra Leone
Wait A Minute
Nigeria
Wide Area Network
WANt to TaLK
Wireless Application Protocol
WAPI
Wlan Authentication and Privacy
Infrastructure
Web (application) ARchive
Netz(anwendung)-Archiv
WBT
Where Are You From?
Welcome Back
Web-Based Enterprise
Management
Web-Based Training
Wo bist du her?
Willkommen zu Hause!
Web-basiertes UnternehmensManagement
Web-basiertes Üben oder Lernen
WBT
WCC
Windows-Based Terminal
Write Control Character
Windows-basierte Datenstation
Schreibbefehlsteuerzeichen
WAR
WAYF
WB
WBEM
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:57
(Literal) Translation {to German}
virtueller Gerätetreiber
Meaning
A special type of Windows driver that allows Windows to perform functions that cannot be
done by applications communicating with Windows in the normal manner. VxDs run at the
most privileged CPU mode (ring 0).
Sprach-XML
see VoiceXML
wahrscheinlich: VRTX funktioniert
A RTOS for embedded systems from Wind River Systems, USA. It requires a host
workstation for program development. (www.windriver.com/products)
directory service
see DS, VD
Breitband-CDMA
see WCDMA
Schreib' zurück!
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
[Eigenname / proper name]
The latest version of Windows NT from Microsoft, which was launched in February 2000.
WWW-Konsortium
An international industry consortium founded to develop common standards for the WWW. (
www.w3.org)
binäre Schnittstelle für WindowsA software package from Sun that emulates Windows applications under UNIX by converting
Anwendungsprogramme
the calls made by Windows applications into X Window and UNIX calls.
Gambia
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Web-Zugangsinitiative
It pursues accessibility of the Web for people with disabilities through five primary areas of
work: technology, guidelines, tools, education and outreach, R&D. (www.w3.org/WAI)
Fern-Informationssystem
A service of searchable databases on the Internet that contain indexes to documents that
reside on the Internet.
Verschlüsselung mit automatischen It produces a stream of 32-bit words which can be XORed with a plain text stream to produce
Wort-Schlüsseln
cipher text, invented by David Wheeler.
Sierra Leone
The UN vehicle code for this country.
warte eine Minute
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Nigeria
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Fernverbindungsnetz
A communications network that covers a wide geographic area, such as state or country.
(ich) will (mit dir) reden
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
Drahtloses Protokoll f. Anwendungen A wireless standard for providing most cellular phones with access to e-mail and text-based
Web pages. (see WML) (www.wapforum.org)
Context
MS
markup
OS
database
telecom
slang
MS, OS, PC
net,
organization
Sun
country
Internet,
standard
Internet
cryptography
country
slang
country
net
slang
net, telecom
net, telecom
A package (and file extension) similar to JAR with web components (e.g. Java servlets and
JSPs) for a J2EE application. It usually contains also server-side utility classes, static web
resources and client-side classes in a specific hierarchical directory structure.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A "set of management and Internet ... technologies developed to unify the management of
enterprise computing environments". (www.dmtf.org/standards/standard_wbem.php)
A generic term for training and/or instruction delivered over the Internet or an intranet using a
Web browser. (see CBT, e-learning)
A "thin client" with a Windows OS (e.g. Windows CE or Windows NT embedded).
A control character that follows a write command in the 3270 data stream and provides
control information for executing display and printer functions.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
program, Sun
slang
slang
net
Internet
MS
IBM
Seite 194 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Glossar - Abkü
Acronym
WCDMA
Long Term Equivalent
Wideband CDMA
WCF
WCMS
WCS
WD
WD
WDM
Windows Communication
Foundation
Web CMS
Windows CardSpace
Dominica
Western Digital
Wavelength Division Multiplexing
WDP
Wireless Datagram Protocol
Dominica
[Eigenname / proper name]
WellenlängenteilungsMultiplexverfahren
drahtloses Datenprotokoll
WebDAV
Web-based Distributed Authoring
and Versioning
Web NFS
Netz-basierte, verteilte Autorisierung
und Versionierung
Netz NFS
WebNFS
Webinar
WECA
WEEE
WEI
WEMA
Web-Seminar
Wireless Ethernet Compatibility
Alliance or Association
Waste Electrical and Electronical
Equipment
Windows Experience Index
World Electronic Messaging
Association
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Breitband-CDMA
Meaning
An ITU standard (officially known as IMT-2000 direct spread) derived from CDMA, that is a
third-generation mobile wireless technology (e.g. for GSM systems) offering high data
transmission rates up to 2 Mbps.
Context
standard,
telecom
MS
Netz CMS
The UN vehicle code for this country.
A hard drive manufacturer from the US. (www.wdc.com)
A technology that uses multiple lasers and transmits several wavelengths of light
simultaneously over a single optical fiber.
A general datagram service, offering a consistent service to the upper layer protocols and
communicating transparently over one of the available underlying bearer services. It forms
part of the WAP suite.
It is a set of extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and
manage files on remote web servers. (www.webdav.org) [RFC 2518]
A Web version of the NFS distributed file system from SunSoft. WebNFS-enabled servers
and browsers allow access to Web pages as much as 10 times faster than the standard
HTTP protocol.
Vereinigung für Kompatibilität von
A membership organization founded in 1999 to promote the direct sequence (DS) version of
drahtlosem Ethernet
the 802.11 wireless Ethernet technology (IEEE 802.11b High Rate). (www.wi-fi.org)
Abfall elektrischer und elektronischer
Geräte
Weltvereinigung für elektronischen
Nachrichtenaustausch
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy
(Leitungs-)Draht-äquivalenter
Datenschutz
wf
WfM
Wallis and Futuna Islands
Wired For Management
Wallis und Futuna
verdrahtet zur Verwaltung
WfMC
WFQ
WorkFlow Management Coalition
Weighted Fair Queueing
WfW
WG
WG
WGA
Windows for Workgroups
Grenada
Working Group
Windows Genuine Advantage
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:57
gerecht gewichteter
Warteschlangenbetrieb
Fenster für Arbeitsgruppen
Grenada
Arbeitsgruppe
"A virtual organziation, comprised of the various worldwide EMAs, whose purpose is to
promote the use of electronic messaging throughout the world, including but not limited to
development and approval of standards for the use of electronic messaging."
A term used by wireless vendors in order to make people believe that its encryption provides
"equivalent" security to a traditional "wired" network. It works by encrypting the data with a
key (RC4 40 or 104 Bit) shared by everyone on the same wireless LAN.
The country code TLD and the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for this country.
A specification from Intel for a PC that can be centrally managed in a network. It must be DMI
compliant, be accessible by a server prior to booting (PXE), contain instrumentation for
component discovery and identification and include remote wake-up capabilities.
(www.wfmc.org)
A congestion management algorithm that identifies conversations (in the form of traffic
streams), separates packets that belong to each conversation, and ensures that capacity is
shared fairly between these individual conversations.
Last version (3.11) of Microsoft's 16Bit-GUI and first version with built-in networking.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
Where the vast majority IETF's work is done. Organized as a mailing list with supervision.
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
general
MS
country
company
net
net, telecom
Internet
net, NFS, Sun
Ethernet,
organization
law
MS, PC
mail,
organization
cryptography
country, TLD
net, PC
organization
Cisco
MS, OS, PC
country
Internet
MS
Seite 195 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
WGIG
Glossar - Abkü
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:57
Wi-Fi
Long Term Equivalent
Working Group on Internet
Governance
Wireless Fidelity
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Arbeitsgruppe für die Führung oder
Steuerung des Internet
drahtlose Treue
WiBro
Widget
WIreless BROadband
WINdow gadGET
drahtlos Breitband
Fenster-Ding
WIIFM
WIM
What's In It For Me?
Wap Identity Module
Was springt für mich dabei raus?
WAP-Identitätsmodul
WiMax
Worldwide Interoperability for
Microwave Access
weltweite Interoperabilität für
Mikrowellen-Zugang
Win
Win2k
Win3.x
Win4Lin
WINdows
WINdows 2000
WINdows 3.x
WINdows for LINux
Fenster [Plural]
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
Windows für Linux
Win95/98
Win9x
WinCE
WINdows 95/98
WINdows 9x
WINdows Compact Edition
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
[Eigenname / proper name]
WINE
Wine Is Not an Emulator or
WINdows Emulator
Wine ist keine Nachahmung oder
Windows Nachahmer
WineX
WINE ... ?
[Eigenname / proper name]
WinFS
WinHEC
WinME
WinNT
WINS
WINdows File System ?
WINdows Hardware Engineering
Conference
WINdows ME
WINdows NT
Windows Internet Name Service
WinSock
WINdows SOCKets (API)
Wintel
WINdows & inTEL
Windows Dateisystem ?
Windows-Hardware Technikkonferenz A technical conference by MS that "delivers technical information on future directions for
systems and peripherals running MS Windows OSs." (www.microsoft.com/winhec)
[Eigenname / proper name]
see ME
[Eigenname / proper name]
see NT
Windows-Internet-Namensdienst
Name resolution software from Microsoft that runs under Windows NT Server and converts
NetBIOS names to IP addresses. WINS allows Windows machines on one LAN segment to
locate Windows machines on other LAN segments by name.
Windows-Socket(/Anschlußdosen)An open interface for network programming under MS Windows. It is a specification that
API
describes the WinSock network API and is derived from the Berkeley Sockets API.
Windows & Intel
Refers to the combination of a Windows OS running on an Intel microprocessor.
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
(www.wgig.org)
Context
Internet,
organization
"The Wi-Fi Alliance is a nonprofit international association formed ... to certify interoperability security
of wireless LAN products based on IEEE 802.11." (www.wi-fi.org)
net, telecom
program
In GUIs, a combination of a graphic symbol and some program code to perform a specific
function, e.g. a button. Windowing systems usually provide libraries containing commonly
used widgets drawn in a certain style and with consistent behavior.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
A tamper resistant device used to perform WTLS and application-level security functions and security,
to store and process information needed for user identification and authorization functions. ( telecom
www.openmobilealliance.org)
"An industry-led, non-profit corporation formed to help promote and certify compatibility and net, telecom
interoperability of broadband wireless products." Its members support the industry-wide
acceptance of the IEEE 802.16 wireless MAN standards. (www.wimaxforum.org)
A GUI of an OS (mainly from MS) that uses windows to display data to the user.
MS, OS, X11
see W2K
MS, OS, PC
see WfW
MS, OS, PC
OS, PC, Unix
A software by NeTraverse that "enables Linux users to run the Windows OS programs
concurrently with their existing Linux OS without additional hardware or the need to dual
boot." It needs a Win9x copy from MS. (www.netraverse.com/products/win4lin50)
Microsoft's successors to their Windows 3.11 OS for IBM compatible PCs.
MS, OS, PC
A term used to denote Win95/98 and sometimes also WinME.
MS, OS, PC
MS, OS, PC
Microsoft's version of Windows for handheld devices (PDAs, consumer electronics) and
embedded systems. Introduced in 1996, it supports multiple CPU architectures.
OS, PC, Unix
An open source implementation of the Windows API on top of X11 and Unix. The software
allows to run Windows applications under Linux (or Solaris) on an x86 machine. It is made up
of two components: The program loader loads and executes Windows binaries, and an
emulation library converts Windows calls into X Window calls. (www.winehq.org)
TransGaming's portability layer product for Linux to play games written for the Windows OS.
It was based on WINE until WINE's license switched to the LGPL. (www.transgaming.com)
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
OS, PC, Unix
MS
MS, PC
MS, OS, PC
MS, OS, PC
Internet, MS
Internet, MS
MS, OS, PC
Seite 196 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
WinXP
WIPO
Glossar - Abkü
WK
WKD
WL
WLAN
Long Term Equivalent
Windows XP
World Intellectual Property
Organization
WeeK
WeeKenD
Saint Lucia
Wireless LAN
(Literal) Translation {to German}
[Eigenname / proper name]
Weltorganisation für geistiges
Eigentum
Woche
Wochenende
St. Lucia
drahtloses LAN
WLF
WLL
Wallis and Futuna Islands
Wireless Local Loop
Wallis und Futuna
drahtloser Teilnehmeranschluß
WM
WMA
Western Modular (jack)
Windows Media Audio
Western-Stecker
Windows Medien Ton oder Audio
WMF
Windows MetaFile
Windows Meta-Datei
WML
Wireless Markup Language
drahtlose Auszeichnungssprache
WMP
Windows Media Photo
WMP
WMS
Windows Media Player
Workflow Management System
WMV
WOMBAT
WORA
WORM
WOSA
WPA
WPA2
WPF
Ausdruck vom 31.10.2007 um 22:25:57
Meaning
see XP
"An international organization dedicated to helping to ensure that the rights of creators and
owners of intellectual property are protected worldwide ..." (www.wipo.org)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The UN vehicle code for this country.
A type of LAN that uses high-frequency radio waves rather than wires to communicate
between nodes.
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A "last mile" system that provides communications to a fixed location via wireless
transmission.
see RJ-11 and RJ-45. Both are "Western Modular" jacks.
A proprietary, compressed, and lossy audio file format (and codec) used by Microsoft. It
supports Microsoft's DRM tools by attributes that can be applied to copyrighted files.
The native vector graphics file format in Windows. WMF files also can hold bitmaps and text.
The original 16-bit format uses the .WMF file extension. The subsequent 32-bit format, which
supports more sophisticated graphics functions, generates .EMF files.
A tag-based language used in WAP. It is an XML document type allowing standard XML and
HTML tools to be used to develop WML applications. It evolved from Openwave's HDML, but
WML is not a superset of HDML.
Context
MS, OS, PC
organization
slang
slang
country
net, telecom
country
telecom
net, telecom
compression,
Internet, MS
graphic
markup
compression,
graphic, MS
MS
general
Medien-Abspieler von Windows
Arbeitsablaufverwaltungssystem oder A system that defines, creates and manages the execution of workflows through the use of
software, ... which is able to interpret the process definition, interact with workflow participants
Vorgangsbearbeitungssystem
and, where required, invoke the use of IT tools and applications.
Windows Media Video
Windows Medien Video
A MS Windows media steaming format for delivering compressed video files over the Web. compression,
(see also WMA)
Internet, MS
Waste Of Money, Brains And Time Verschwendung von Geld, Gehirn(A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
slang
schmalz) und Zeit
Write Once, Run Anywhere
schreibe einmal, lass überall laufen
program
A paradigm that refers to writing software which can run on multiple hardware platforms.
Interpreted languages (e.g. Java) allow a program to be written once and run in any computer
that supports the same version of the interpreter (JVM).
memory
Write Once Read Many or Multiple einmaliges Beschreiben und
An optical disk that can be recorded only once. Updating requires destroying the existing
vielfaches Lesen
data, and writing new data to an unused part of the disk.
Windows Open System or
offene (Netz-)Dienstarchitektur von
An umbrella term for a variety of programming interfaces from Microsoft designed to provide MS, program
Windows
application interoperability across the Windows environment.
Services Architecture
Wi-fi Protected Access
Wi-Fi-geschützter Zugang
security
"A specification of standards-based, interoperable security enhancements that strongly
increase the level of data protection and access control for existing and future wireless LAN
systems." (see TKIP, WEP, Wi-Fi)
WPA version 2
WPA Version 2
An improved version of the WPA standard that complies with IEEE 802.11i and uses AES.
security
Windows Presentation Foundation
MS
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
(c) Dr. K. Wilhelm
Seite 197 von 207
Stand: 01.12.05
Acronym
WPF/E
WPKI
WPS
WRC
WRK
WRQ
WRUD
ws
WS
WS
WS-I
WSCI
Long Term Equivalent
(Literal) Translation {to German}
Windows Presentation Foundation
Everywhere
Wireless PKI
drahtlose PKI
WorkPlace Shell
World Radiocommunication
Conference
WoRK
Walker Richer & Quinn
What aRe yoU Doing?
(Western) Samoa
amt für Wohnen und
Stadterneuerung
WorkStation
Web Services Interoperability
organization
Web Services Choreography
Interface
WSDL
Web Services Description
Language
WSDM
Web Services Distributed
Management
Web Services Enhancements
WSE
Glossar - Abkü
Welt-RadiokommunikationsKonferenz
Arbeit
[Eigenname / proper name]
Was tust du?
(West-)Samoa
office for habitation and urban
renewal
Arbeitsplatzrechner
Context
MS
A PKI optimized for WAP. (www.openmobilealliance.org)
The user interface in OS/2 introduced with version 2.0. It is extensible and application
developers could use its library functions when developing programs.
A conference held every two or three years covering the use of the radio-frequency spectrum
by radiocommunication services. (www.itu.int/ITU-R/conferences/wrc)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
US software company that manufactures e.g. the "Reflection" software. (www.wrq.com)
A text messaging abbreviation as it is used e.g. in chat slang.
The country code TLD, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and the UN vehicle code for this country.
An office being part of the Nuremberg municipal administration. (department number 670)
security
telecom
slang
company, X11
slang
country, TLD
Nuremberg
PC
Web-Dienste Erweiterungen
A MS tool that provides advanced Web services functionality for MS Visual Studio .NET (as a
plug-in) and ASP.NET developers to support the latest Web services capabilities. E.g. it
enhances the security of SOAP by digital signing and encryption.
A framework for interactive web applications. It aims to bring together earlier work on various
specifications (e.g. IBM's Web Services Experience Language, WSXL), to create a platformneutral standard based on XML and web services for presenting interactive web applications
to users. It is closely allied with WSRP.
MS, Internet,
program,
security
Internet
Weltgipfel über die
Informationsgesellschaft
(West-)Samoa
Elementarwellentransformation /
skalare Quantisierung
A series of conferences initiated by the ITU and prepared in association with the UN about
the changes of ICTs on the societies of the world. (www.itu.int/wsis)
The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 code for this country.
A compression algorithm used (by FBI instead of JPEG) to reduce the size of reference
templates (e.g. an image) in a biometric identification system (e.g. AFIS).
An OASIS standard that defines how to plug remote web services into the pages of online
portals and other user-facing applications. It allows portal owners to embed a web service
from a third party into a section of a portal page (a 'portlet'). The portlet then displays
interactive content or services that are dynamically updated from the provider's own servers.
general
"A network of publicly accessible WWW servers of standards organizations around the
world". (www.wssn.org)
organization,
standard
Web Services Interactive
Applications
WSIS
WSRP
World Summit on the Information
Society
(Western) Samoa
Wavelet transform / Scalar
Quantisation or Quantization
Web Services for Remote Portlets
WSSN
World Standards Services Network Welt-Standard-Service-Netzwerk
PRIVAT / Stadt Erlangen
Meaning
A general-purpose, single-user computer that offers higher performance than a normal PC. It