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Foundations of Technology
Exam Review
The History of Technology
The History of Technology
What is the most significant result based on the
development of wind mills and water wheels?
a. the rise and fall of feudalism
b. humans no longer had to use their
muscle to move machines
c. popularity of money and capitalism
d. beginning of mechanical labor
The History of Technology
What event from the early 1900’s had the most
significant impact on the development of
technology?
a. the development of mechanical labor
b. the development of the assembly line
c. the development of steam power
d. the development of electricity
The History of Technology
Devices in the Information Age are used to
process and exchange information. Which of the
following devices does not communicate
information as its primary function?
a. iPod
b. laptop
c. GPS receiver
d. electric powered vehicle
The History of Technology
Digital photography is a technological
development that occurred during the
_____________.
a. Renaissance
b. Industrial Age
c. Paleolithic Age
d. Information Age
Inventions and Innovations:
An Evolutionary Process
Inventions and Innovations:
An Evolutionary Process
Technology transfer occurs when:
a. one society uses a product from another society
b. an innovation used for one purpose is used for
another purpose
c. an innovation is used in different time periods
d. one society deems a product unethical
Inventions and Innovations:
An Evolutionary Process
Which of the following occurs when a new
user applies an existing innovation
developed for one purpose in a different
function?
a.invention
b.innovation
c.technology transfer
d.technology regression
Inventions and Innovations: An
Evolutionary Process
Science, technology, engineering and
mathematics are so closely related that
progress in one area often
_________________.
a.stunts progress in other areas
b.stunts progress in one but not all other
areas
c.promotes advancements in all other
areas
d.promotes advancement in one other area
but not others
Inventions and Innovations: An
Evolutionary Process
Early in the history of technology, the
development of tools and machines was
based on ______________ versus scientific
knowledge as is done today.
a.technology and mathematics principles
b.the engineering design process
c.technical know-how
d.positive and negative effects of using
technology
Inventions and Innovations: An
Evolutionary Process
Which of the following is not an impact
technology has on our society?
a.political
b.economic
c.experimental
d.environmental
Inventions and Innovations: An
Evolutionary Process
The current rate of technological
development is __________.
a.rapidly decreasing
b.rapidly increasing
c.slowly increasing
d.slowly decreasing
Inventions and Innovations: An
Evolutionary Process
Which of the following items represents the
original invention that computers are based
upon?
a.abacus
b.vacuum tubes
c.drive train
d.calculators
The Role of Research and
Development: A Problem Solving
Approach
The Role of Research and Development:
A Problem Solving Approach
Specific, goal-directed research conducted
by a company to design new
inventions/innovations is called _________.
a.engineering design
b.research and development
c.experimentation
d.technology transfer
The Role of Research and Development:
A Problem Solving Approach
Design problems are __________ presented
in a clearly defined form.
a.often
b.never
c.seldom
d.always
The Role of Research and Development:
A Problem Solving Approach
Which of the following scenarios is the least likely
reason to “reverse engineer” a technological
device?
a.the device has poor features that need to be
redesigned.
b.the device needs to be compared with the
original design documentation.
c.you want to compare the device with the
features of a competitor’s product.
d.the original manufacturer of the device no
longer manufactures the product.
Advertising and Marketing
Effects on Technology
Advertising and Marketing Effects on
Technology
Currently, the development of technologies
is largely driven by _____________:
a.politics
b.profit motives
c.morals
d.ethics
Advertising and Marketing Effects on
Technology
Which of the following does not contribute
to the success or failure of a product?
a.strength of the economy
b.latest fads or trends
c.advertising
d.accessories included
Advertising and Marketing Effects on
Technology
______________ is when a designer must
make a choice between a positive and
negative impact for a product.
a.the principles of design
b.marketing
c.a trade off
d.the engineering design process
Advertising and Marketing Effects on
Technology
_________________ allows companies
and/or individuals to protect their product
designs from being copied or reproduced
without their permission.
a.a patent
b.a trademarks
c.a lawsuits
d.an original sketch
The Engineering Design Process
The Engineering Design Process
The Engineering Design Process follows?
a. a defined circular path
b. a defined linear path
c. an iterative path
d. a non-repetitive path
The Engineering Design Process
The systematic application of mathematical,
scientific and technical principles is
____________.
a. sociological design
b. scientific design
c. engineering design
d. psychological design
The Engineering Design Process
By defining the problem, the designer has clearly
identified the following.
a. how to solve the problem
b. the criteria related to the problem
c. the constraints related to the problem
d. what the solution should address
The Engineering Design Process
During the engineering design process data
is collected at various points. During which
phase is data not collected?
a. evaluating the solution
b. brainstorming solutions
c. testing the solution
d. research and development
The Engineering Design Process
When documenting the engineering design
process, design portfolios, design journals,
sketches and schematics are all used to?
a. evaluate
b. communicate
c. test
d. optimize
Collecting and Processing
Information
Collecting and Processing Information
A common computer software used to
analyze data is a ______________.
a. word processor software
b. spreadsheet software
c. computer assisted design software
d. graphic design software
Design Principles
Design Principles
Engineers, architects and others who engage in design to solve
practical problems, use ______________.
a. mathematical applications and intuition
b. scientific knowledge and intuition
c. intuition and parental advice
d. scientific knowledge and mathematical applications
Design Principles
Which of the following personal
characteristics does not influence the
engineering design process?
a. creativity
b. sensitivity
c. ability to visualize
d. imagination
Design Principles
Which of the constraints listed below is not
considered a physical constraint?
a. size
b. shape
c. cost
d. color
Design Principles
Engineering design principles are used to
evaluate designs according to flexibility,
balance, function and _____________.
a. proportion
b. ethics
c. economics
d. historical significance
Design Principles
Identified elements and/or features of a
product or system are the
_______________.
a. criteria
b. trade-offs
c. constraints
d. efficiency
Design Principles
Identified limitations to the design of a
product or system are the
_________________.
a. efficiency
b. constraints
c. trade-offs
d. criteria
Design Principles
When designers make compromises during
the engineering design process, the result is
often _______________.
a. additional criteria
b. more constraints
c. increased efficiency
d. a trade-off
Design Principles
Time, budget and safety are almost always
considered to be ________________.
a. trade-offs
b. criteria
c. constraints
d. efficiency
Design Principles
Which of the following is not normally
included in criteria of a design?
a. Budget
b. function
c. efficiency
d. aesthetics
Prototypes and Modeling
Prototypes and Modeling
Conceptual, physical and mathematical
models are used to
a. define criteria for a solution
b. determine trade-offs
c. train designers
d. evaluate design solutions
Prototypes and Modeling
Sketching is a tool used in the creation of
what type of model?
a. conceptual
b. physical
c. mathematical
d. psychological
Prototypes and Modeling
Mock-ups and prototypes are different types
of ______________.
a. psychological models
b. conceptual models
c. physical models
d. mathematical models
Prototypes and Modeling
Mathematical modeling aids in technological
design by simulating how
a. a solution should be designed
b. a proposed system might behave
c. physical models should be built
d. designs should be used
Prototypes and Modeling
A characteristic of a 3D model that is not
included in a 2D model is
_______________.
a. volume
b. surface area
c. height
d. width
Documenting the Design Process
Documenting the Design Process
When preparing to communicate a solution to a
design problem, you must _______________.
a. make a set of CADD drawings
b. construct a table top display
c. visit the site of your presentation the week
before
d. consider the viewpoint of your audience
Documenting the Design Process
Which of the following formats for
communication has the potential to reach
the largest audience?
a. podcast
b. table display
c. brochure
d. live performance
Energy and Power
Energy and Power
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it
can be ___________ from one form to
another.
a.synthesized
b.optimized
c. converted
d.communicated
Energy and Power
The major forms of ___________ include
thermal, radiant, electrical, mechanical,
chemical and nuclear.
a.energy
b.power
c.force
d.resistance
Energy and Power
Which of the following energy sources
produces electricity using thermal
energy?
a.wind
b.oil
c.water
d.solar
Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Materials can be classified as
_________________.
a.natural, plastic, and leather
b.natural, synthetic, and mixed
c.metal, synthetic, and leather
d.metal, plastic, and leather
Manufacturing
Efficiency in the manufacturing process
was increased by the introduction of
_____________.
a.custom made parts
b.batch production methods
c.interchangeable parts
d.natural materials
Construction
Construction
Structural insulated panels have the ability
to insulate as well as ________________.
a.conduct electricity
b.collect rainwater for reuse
c.act as a concrete form
d.support weight
Information and Communication
Information and Communication
Using a systems model of input, process,
output and feedback, when a student is
speaking to a friend on a cell phone, the cell
phone is part of the ________________.
a.input
b.process
c.output
d.feedback
Information and Communication
Within a larger communication system, a
computer keyboard is what type of device?
a.encoder
b.transmitter
c.decoder
d.storage device
Information and Communication
Within a larger communication system,
software that allows the user to read email
is what type of device?
a.decoder
b.storage
c.retrieval
d.destination
Agriculture and Transportation
Agriculture and Transportation
Crops grown on a farm are what type
of resource?
a.exhaustible
b.renewable
c.non renewable
d.reusable