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Information Sheet
Tropical Forest Conservation Action for Kalimantan
Kalimantan is inhabited by species in an abundance and diversity very few places in the world could match. The island is also
home to a large number of endangered animal species such
Borneo orangutans (Pongo pygmaeous pygmaeous), gibbons,
clouded leopards, and sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) and
hornbills. There are more than 210 mammal species in all, 44
of which are endemic to Kalimantan. The diversity also extends
to the culture, traditions, and languages —over 140 languages
are still spoken of the Indigenous Peoples of Kalimantan whose
livelihoods depend on the sustainable management of the
natural resources of the tropical forests.
Aside from its biodiversity richness, Kalimantan’s forests also
provide economic and social benefits for millions of people.
The forests provide timber, non-timber products such as medicines, food, and useful materials.
During the first Asian Rhino Range States Meeting in Lampung
2-3 October 2013, the Minister of Forestry has announced the
latest camera traps that had produced first ever hard evidence
of Sumatran rhino population in Kalimantan forests.
The loss of forests in Kalimantan has drastic consequences for
biodiversity, climate change, and local people. The largest
sources of greenhouse gas emission in Indonesia are forest loss
and land use change.
On the other hand, large-scale conversion to plantations,
mining, illegal logging, and forest fires, with demand by the
rural population for agricultural land are some of important
causes of the forests rapid destruction. Poor land management
practices, inappropriate land use plans and planning
processes, and weak policy and governance structures, have
also contributed to deforestation and forest degradation.
While the trend has been toward increased destruction of the
tropical forests of Kalimantan, there are also promising developments that can strengthen forest protection. The decentralization process in Indonesia has created the potential for local
stakeholders to govern and manage resources, but this
requires strong systemic, institutional, and individual capacity
that does not yet exist. Local communities currently have weak
land tenure in most areas of Kalimantan, but various mechanisms now exist for recognizing rights of communities.
Anggrek Hitam (Coelogyne pandurata) – one of
endangered plants in Kutai Barat District
Forest and agricultural commodities are still often produced
illegally and unsustainably, but legality and sustainability
certification systems operating in commodity markets are
becoming stronger, including both mandatory systems and
voluntary ones. There is now increased awareness of the
importance of forests for mitigating climate change, which has
the potential to drive new resources and create new accountability systems to ensure sustainable management of forests.
Program description
Danau Sentarum,
Kapuas Hulu District, West Kalimantan
TFCA Kalimantan is a Debt for Nature Swap (DNS) Program
between the US Government and Government of Indonesia
with two swap partners, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and
World Wide Fund for Nature Indonesian Program (WWF - IP).
The program will finance local NGOs, Technical Assistant
Provider (TAP), communities, and Public/Private Universities
which conduct activities to protect globally significant biodiversity, secure forest carbon, and improve community livelihoods
in a manner consistent with protecting forests.
Information Sheet
• Protecting globally, nationally, and locally significant forest
biodiversity, rare and endangered species and ecosystems,
watershed ecosystem services, connectivity between
forest ecological zones, and forest corridors for both biodiversity and climate change benefits;
• Enhancing benefits to forest-dependent communities from
sustainable natural resource management, improving
community benefits from neighboring corporate activities,
and supporting low-emission community land uses, in a
manner consistent with protecting forests.
• Implementing demonstration activities under the reduced
emission from deforestation and forest degradation-plus
(REDD+) scheme and achieving meaningful emissions
reductions and biodiversity conservation at the district
level, in each of the target districts; and
• Contributing to the cross fertilization of ideas and sharing
of experiences on forest conservation and REDD+ program
implementation in Indonesia and informing the development of the national conservation and REDD+ program
Raja Udang Bird, Danau Sentarum, West Kalimantan
Primary focus areas for TFCA-Kalimantan are the Berau Forest
Carbon Program in Berau District, East Kalimantan Province,
and the Heart of Borneo Program, specifically Kapuas Hulu
District in West Kalimantan Province and Kutai Barat District in
East Kalimantan Province.
Activities & results
TFCA Kalimantan program works with existing programs in
three districts: Berau (Berau Forest Carbon Program), Kutai
Barat and Kapuas Hulu (Heart of Borneo Initiative). The TFCA
program is expected to synergize with those programs and also
expected to make strategic investments outside of the target
districts in other parts of Indonesia.
Labuan Cermin, Biduk-biduk,
Berau, East Kalimantan
Potential Issues
The Program is supporting biodiversity-based livelihood
improvement, particularly non-timber forest product and
eco-tourism; supporting development and management of
community conservation areas (CCAs).
The potential combination of the two approaches to Green
Economy is represented in Kapuas Hulu district, where honey
production and eco-tourism is developed in gaining benefits
from National Parks area.
According to WWF data, Kapuas Hulu district has 84.4
tons/year of honey production, of which around 19 tons come
from Danau Sentarum National Park. In the park, flowers of
the putat tree Barringtonia acutungula are the main source of
food for the bees, with Apis dorsata as the most important bee
for honey production.
Danau Sentarum National Park is also one of the most visited
parks after Betung Kerihun, because of its greater accessibility.
Since there are at least 4 different entrances to the area, from
different sites in West Kalimantan, among them Lanjak and
Sintang. According to government information, around 243
international visitors landed in Putussibau airport in 2012
(Kompakh, 2013).
Activities such as lake cruising, wildlife watching, observation
of honey gathering, fishing, and panoramic viewing of the lakes
are offered in Danau Sentarum. Out of the people coming to
the region, 90% express interest in meeting the Dayak.
Another unique ecosystem, yet potential for eco-tourism also
exists in Berau District, namely Labuan Cermin Lake. What
makes it unique is the lake consists of both salt and fresh
water, but they remain unmixed. The lake is inhabited by
organisms of each ecosystem.
Contact Information
KEHATI - Administrator of TFCA-Kalimantan
Betung Kerihun National Park,
Kapuas Hulu, West Kalimantan
Jl. Bangka VIII No. 3B, Pela Mampang
Jakarta Selatan 12720 - INDONESIA
Telp. 62-21-718 3185; 719 9953; 719 9962
Fax. 62-21-719 530
Email: [email protected]
Website: and