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Age-related diseases quiz
Which of the following diseases are age-related? Decide which are more likely to happen to older people, and
tick the appropriate columns.
Diseases that are related to the heart and blood vessels, and can
result in a heart attack.
Also known as trisomy 21, it is caused by the presence of an extra
copy of chromosome number 21. It causes some impairment in
learning ability and physical growth and is associated with certain
facial characteristics.
An illness that is characterised by a number of symptoms such as
memory loss, language problems and disorientation. Alzheimer’s
disease is one form of dementia.
An infectious disease caused by bacteria from the genus Borrelia,
it is transmitted by the bite of an infected tick and causes a rash. It
can cause serious problems in the central nervous system, heart
and joints if left untreated.
Softening of the bones due to a deficiency of vitamin D or
A class of diseases where a group of cells grow in an uncontrolled
way. The mass of cells (tumour) can cause damage by intruding
into surrounding tissues and sometimes by invading the blood
system and spreading to other parts of the body.
An infection caused by the virus Varicella zoster that causes an
itchy rash that develops into blisters.
A disease where a person has high levels of blood sugar.
Lyme disease
Type II Diabetes
This condition is caused by a lack of red blood cells or low levels
of haemoglobin in the blood. Several conditions eg blood loss or a
genetic disorder can cause anaemia. The result is lower levels of
oxygen being transported around the body leading to extreme
tiredness and other symptoms.
Arthritis is a condition where joints become swollen and painful
due to inflammation. The most common form of arthritis is
A disease where the density (and therefore strength) of the bones
is reduced. It means that bones are more likely to break after a fall
than if they were of normal strength.
A condition where inflammation causes constriction of the
airways leading to wheezing and shortness of breath.
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is stopped for
a period of time. This can be caused by a blockage in the blood
vessels in the brain eg by a blood clot, or by leakage of blood
(haemorrhage). The affected area of the brain stops working
leading to different physical effects (eg lack of movement on one
side of the body) depending on the part of the brain affected.
A disease where the central nervous system breaks down. This
causes uncontrollable movements such as shaking. It can also
cause dementia.
More likely to
happen to
older people?
Not specific
to older