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Panflute Feel the magic of music with this mythical instrument. According to legend, the ancient Greek god Pan was in love with a nymph who had been transformed into a reed. Pan played upon this reed for consolation. Beautifully crafted by Peruvian artists, this panflute, with its smooth finish and colourful band of material, makes a wonderful gift for the music lover in your life. The Product Peruvian Music: Peruvian music features a myriad of sounds and styles which draw on both the country’s Andean roots and Spanish influences. While there are innumerable genres – Huayno, Marinera, Chica, and Afro-Peruvian coastal music, to name a few – it is suggested that Peruvian music can be roughly divided into three categories: indigenous music, found mostly among Amerindians; European music, brought to Peru by Spanish colonizers; and Mestizo music, which fuses indigenous and European influences together. Within its various genres, Peruvian music also showcases a variety of instruments. Bamboo pan pipes, zampoñas, and quena flutes, for example, have been used since long before Incan civilization. Pre-colonial Andean instruments included conch shell trumpets, nuts or rattle shakers, ocarinas, wind instruments, and drums. In addition, charangos (a type of mandolin imitating the Spanish lute), pututos and Andean harps all make the music of Peru distinctive. Each village has unique methods of making and tuning instruments as well as composing music. The music of Peru, with its regional complexities, is an exciting field to explore. Travel the world with each visit to Ten Thousand Villages. Learn how Fair Trade really makes a difference. Our goal is to provide vital, fair income to artisans by marketing their handicrafts and telling their stories in North America. Ten Thousand Villages sells product from more than 30 countries, providing work for nearly 60,000 people around the world. Pan flutes (or Panpipes): The pan flute is a popular wind instrument consisting of a series of pipes or reeds of graduated length. Typically made from bamboo or large reeds, this instrument has been a popular folk instrument for over 2,000 years and is considered an ancestor to the pipe organ and harmonica. To create music on the pan flute, place your bottom lip against the rim, curve your top lip over the reeds or pipes, and blow downwards in quick, choppy intervals (or slower for more sustained notes). Typically, music is played with light, airy staccato notes. Numerous variations of the pan flute can be seen in pictures and sculptures from civilizations throughout the ancient world. The instrument's name is taken from Pan of Greek mythology – the god of shepherds who was in love with the nymph Syrinx who was transformed into a reed by another deity. He played a plaintive melody on this reed for consolation. In addition to these mythological associations, panflutes are also closely linked to the Andean cultures – the Zampoña, Antara, and Siku, for example, often accompany folk music of the Andes. Today, this instrument continues to be popular, even being featured in movie scores and popular music. Pan flute schools and associations can also be found in many countries! The Artisan Group: Intercrafts Peru Previously known as CIAP (Central Interregional de Artesanos del Peru), Intercrafts Peru is a nonprofit association formed in 1992 by 20 artisan groups across Peru in order to jointly export their creations. Today, it represents more than 700 different workshops employing over 2,400 artisans. The group aims to keep overhead costs low, to share responsibilities so more income can stay in the hands of the artisans, and to explore new markets. Intercrafts offers its members such benefits as health care, loan funds and advances, school supplies and books, training programs, and technical assistance. Since 2002, the export arm of CIAP has been known as Intercrafts Peru. Structured as a democratic cooperative, Intercrafts Peru allows artisans full participation in organizational decisions. The headquarters are in Lima, but there are other offices located in the marginal districts and communities of Ayacucho, Huancayo, Cuzco, Puno, Arequipa and Piura. At its 10th anniversary celebrations in 2002, Intercrafts received official recognition for its beneficial role in the lives of handicraft producers. Intercrafts is a member of the World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO). The Country: Peru After Brazil and Argentina, Peru is the third largest country in South America. In addition to being known as the cradle of the Inca Empire, Peru has many indigenous ethnic groups, making it a major historical and cultural site. Long-established and exceptional techniques of cultivation, metalwork, pottery and weaving continue to exist today. Peru’s economy reflects its varied geography: arid coastal regions, cool Andean slopes and moist Amazonian rainforests. Abundant mineral resources are found in the mountainous areas and Peru’s coastal waters provide excellent fishing grounds. Overdependence on these resources has, however, made the country subject to fluctuations in world prices. Nevertheless, petroleum, natural gas and power industries are expected to increase due to an influx of capital in the mining, construction and tourism sectors. Despite its fast-growing economy, unemployment and poverty remain Peru’s main threat to domestic stability. Heavily concentrated in rural areas, 45 percent of Peruvians live below the poverty line, surviving on less than US$ 1 a day. In order to integrate more fully into the regional and world economy, the Peruvian government plans to expand through diversifying production and increasing exports. The challenge will be to spread the benefits of growth across all social sectors.