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Ohio Shale
Quarterly Economic Trends for Ohio Oil and Gas Industries
January 2016
CONTENTS
A Message from Director Dungey ................................ 2
Executive Summary ....................................................... 3
Background Information ............................................... 4
Data Sources ................................................................ 4
Data Limitations .......................................................... 4
Snapshot of Ohio’s Economy ..................................... 5
Mining and Logging Jobs vs. Total Jobs in Ohio .... 5
Statewide Shale-Related Industries ............................. 6
JobsOhio Network Regions ........................................... 7
Regional Shale-Related Industries ............................... 8
Wages for Ohio Shale-Related Core and Ancillary
Industries ......................................................................... 9
Ohio Shale-Related Online Job Postings .................... 10
Well Activity Status....................................................... 11
Key Occupations in Core Shale-Related Industries... 12
In-Demand Shale-Related Occupations ...................... 13
Statewide Shale-Related Employment Data .............. 14
JobsOhio Network Shale-Related Employment ........ 15
County Unemployment Rates in December 2015 ..... 16
County Unemployment Rates in December 2014 ..... 17
Definitions ...................................................................... 18
A Message from Director Dungey
Oil and gas drilling has only recently begun to accelerate in Ohio, and already many families
and communities have begun to see a positive impact. As you’ll see in the pages that
follow, core shale-related employment, which includes such things as pipeline construction
and well drilling, increased 96 percent from the second quarter of 2011 to the second quarter
of 2015. Ancillary employment – for example, freight trucking and environmental consulting
– also increased. We expect non-shale industries, such as food and retail businesses near
drilling sites and the surrounding communities, to benefit from increasing shale activity, as
well.
Ohio is fortunate to have this natural resource that can provide good jobs for families and
reinvigorate many of our communities, especially those in the eastern part of the state. The
average wages of shale-related jobs are excellent; $75,071 in core industries and $63,147
in ancillary industries. In both cases, this is higher than the average wage in all Ohio
industries: $46,393. At the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS), we have been working hard to
help more Ohioans take advantage of these opportunities. We’ve been working closely with
local workforce investment areas, community colleges, other post-secondary educational
institutions, and employers to identify the occupations most in need of workers and to
make sure that appropriate training programs are in place. In any given month, thousands
of shale-related job openings are posted online, at www.OhioMeansJobs.com. The Ohio
Board of Regents also provides an overview of shale-related employment opportunities and
information about education and training at www.OhioEnergyPathways.org. Individuals can sign up for on-the-job training opportunities at any of the state’s local
OhioMeansJobs Centers, which provide free job training and other services to Ohioans
looking for work and employers looking for workers. Individuals can post their resumes,
and employers can post job openings at www.OhioMeansJobs.com.
We encourage any Ohioans in need of work or who may be considering new careers to
explore these opportunities. We’re committed to improving the well-being of Ohio’s
workforce and families, and are excited about the potential shale holds to make a significant
difference in so many families’ lives.
Cynthia C. Dungey, Director
Ohio Department of Job and Family Services
2
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Employment (2011 Q2 to 2015 Q2) See page 6.
•
•
•
Shale-Related Employment by Year
Core shale-related industry employment (such as
pipeline construction and well drilling) was up 6,600
(96.0 percent).
190,153
195,000
Ancillary shale-related industry employment (such
as freight trucking and environmental consulting)
increased 13,369 (8.0 percent).
179,414
185,000
193,755
182,575
173,786
175,000
All industry employment was up 294,711 (5.9
percent).
165,000
155,000
2011 Q2 2012 Q2 2013 Q2 2014 Q2 2015 Q2
Business Establishments (2011 Q2 to 2015 Q2)
Shale-Related Establishments by Year
See page 6.
• Core shale-related business establishments increased
by 246 (41.6 percent).
•
•
•
13,798
13,900
Ancillary shale-related establishments increased by 97
(0.8 percent).
Over the same time period, Ohio experienced an
increase of 1,868 business establishments in all
industries.
13,640
13,700
13,455
13,500
Shale-related business establishments totaled 13,798
during the second quarter of 2015.
13,439
13,452
13,300
2011 Q2 2012 Q2 2013 Q2 2014 Q2 2015 Q2
Wages (2014 Q3 through 2015 Q2) See page 9.
•
The four-quarter average wage across all industries was $46,393.
•
The four-quarter average wage in core shale-related industries was $75,071, which was $28,678 greater than
the average for all industries.
•
The four-quarter average wage in ancillary shale-related industries was $63,147, which was $16,754 higher than
the average for all industries.
Online Job Postings (2015 Q4) See page 10.
•
Ohio had 5,432 online job postings in core and ancillary shale-related industries.
Stable Employment, All Hires and Separations (2011 Q4 to 2014 Q4) See page 14.
•
Stable jobs, those present at the beginning and end of a quarter, increased in three core shale-related
industries: support activities for mining, utility system construction, and pipeline transportation of natural gas.
These data are meant to provide a barometer of shale-related economic activity and employment trends. While the vast majority of shale-related employment
can be found in certain industries, not all business establishments in those industries are involved in shale activity. For those that are, not all of their products and
services and, therefore, their employment, are necessarily linked to shale-related economic activity.
3
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Data Sources
The purpose of this quarterly publication is to provide the most current available data on shale-related economic
activity in Ohio as compared to the base year of 2011. Although several data sources are cited in this publication, the
primary source is the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW).
The QCEW program derives its data from quarterly tax reports of employers subject to state and federal unemployment insurance laws. This includes 95 percent or more of all wage and salary employment in Ohio. Under the QCEW
program, employment data represent the number of covered workers who worked during, or received pay for, the
pay period including the 12th of the month. Excluded are members of the armed forces, the self-employed, unpaid
family workers and railroad workers covered by the railroad unemployment insurance system. Data is published
approximately six months after the quarter ends.
Also included in this publication are several additional data sources that capture Ohio’s most current overall economic situation (Local Area Unemployment Statistics and Current Employment Statistics), employer demand (The
Conference Board Help Wanted OnLine™Data Set) and hiring activity (Quarterly Workforce Indicators). For an
explanation of all data sources, please refer to the “Definitions” section on page 18.
In this edition, most current data from the QCEW program are for the second quarter of 2015. Because the data are
not seasonally adjusted, the same quarter of a given year must be used when analyzing growth over time. This will
ensure that seasonal factors are not influencing employment change. Therefore, second quarter 2015 QCEW data are
compared to second quarter 2011 QCEW data.
Data Limitations
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) was used to define shale-related industries. Much of the
information included in this publication reflects data on a group of six industries identified as “core” and a group of
30 industries identified as “ancillary.” These data are meant to provide a barometer of shale-related economic activity
and employment trends. While the vast majority of shale-related employment can be found in these industries,
not all business establishments in these industries are involved in shale activity. For those that are, not all of their
products and services and, therefore, their employment are necessarily linked to shale-related economic activity.
This is particularly true for the ancillary industries.
The data in this publication include government employment (federal, state and local) in all shale-related industries
because significant non-private employment is present in a number of these industries, most notably: highway,
street and bridge construction; engineering services; water supply and irrigation systems; and sewage treatment
facilities.
As shale-related activity develops further in Ohio, additional industries may be added to the ancillary group, based
on such factors as significant employment gains in an industry in a geographic region or the identification of a group
of companies in the same industry involved in shale-related activity.
4
Snapshot of Ohio’s Economy
•
Ohio’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for December 2015 was 4.7 percent.
•• The rate was 0.4 percentage points lower than the December 2014 rate.
•
Ohio had 5,451,500 seasonally adjusted nonfarm jobs in December 2015.
•• Compared to December 2014, employment increased by 82,700 jobs.
•
Ohio’s hiring activity increased from the fourth quarter of 2011 to the fourth quarter of 2014.
•• Across all industries, an estimated 870,191 workers started new jobs (new hires and rehires)
during the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase of 15,102 hires from the fourth quarter of 2011.
•
Employer demand increased in Ohio.
•• Ohio had 277,416 job ads posted online in the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 24,424 from the
fourth quarter of 2014.
• Ohio’s supply/demand rate, which is the ratio of the number of unemployed people to advertised job
vacancies, is lower than the U.S. rate (The Conference Board).
•• The seasonally adjusted supply/demand rate for Ohio was 1.08 in November, which was below the U.S.
rate of 1.40. A lower rate is better.
Mining and Logging Jobs vs. Total Jobs in Ohio
Total Mining and Logging Employment from January 2001
(Seasonally Adjusted)
5,700,000
18,000
5,600,000
16,000
5,500,000
14,000
5,400,000
12,000
5,300,000
5,200,000
10,000
5,100,000
8,000
5,000,000
Mining and Logging (left axis)
6,000
Total Nonfarm Employment (right axis)
4,900,000
4,000
4,800,000
4,700,000
2,000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Source: Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey. Estimates represent nonagricultural wage and salary jobs by place of work. Data for the latest month are
preliminary, although other months are subject to revision.
•• In December 2015, 13,800 workers were employed in the mining and logging industries.
•• From December 2011 to December 2015, employment in the mining and logging industries increased
by 2,300 jobs.
5
STATEWIDE SHALE-RELATED INDUSTRIES
•
From 2011 Q2 to 2015 Q2, employment in core industries increased by 6,600 (96.0 percent). Over the same
period, employment in ancillary industries increased by 13,369 (8.0 percent).
•
From 2011 Q2 to 2015 Q2, the number of business establishments in the core industries grew by 246 (41.6
percent), while establishments in ancillary industries increased by 97 (0.8 percent).
Number of Business Establishments and Employment in Shale-Related Industries (2011 Q2 - 2015 Q2)
NAICS
211111
211112
213111
213112
237120
486210
NAICS
221112
221210
221310
221320
237110
237310
238912
325110
325120
331110
331210
333131
333132
423810
423830
423840
484110
484220
484230
531190
532412
541330
541360
541380
541620
562910
811310
924110
924120
926130
Core Industries
Title
Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction
Natural gas liquid extraction
Drilling oil and gas wells
Support activities for oil and gas operations
Oil and gas pipeline construction
Pipeline transportation of natural gas
Core Industry Totals
Ancillary Industries
Title
Fossil fuel electric power generation
Natural gas distribution
Water supply and irrigation systems
Sewage treatment facilities
Water and sewer system construction
Highway, street, and bridge construction
Nonresidential site preparation contractors
Petrochemical manufacturing
Industrial gas manufacturing
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy manufacturing
Iron, steel pipe and tube from purchase steel
Mining machinery and equipment manufacturing
Oil and gas field machinery and equipment
Construction equipment merchant wholesalers
Industrial machinery merchant wholesalers
Industrial supplies merchant wholesalers
General freight trucking, local
Other specialized trucking, local
Other specialized trucking, long-distance
Lessors of other real estate property
Other heavy machinery rental and leasing
Engineering services
Geophysical surveying and mapping services
Testing laboratories
Environmental consulting services
Remediation services
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance
Air, water, and waste program administration
Administration of conservation programs
Utility regulation and administration
Ancillary Industry Totals
Core Industries and Ancillary Industries Totals
All Industry Totals
2011 Q2
Estab.
Empl.
194
2,863
3
24
79
525
181
1,292
98
1,862
36
307
6,873
591
2011 Q2
Estab.
Empl.
83
5,292
142
3,723
248
6,049
212
3,846
390
5,029
724
15,156
628
5,117
5
357
47
748
58
9,982
53
3,122
12
453
6
137
200
2,575
1,693
15,287
503
4,803
1,361
12,206
1,008
7,094
284
4,540
291
949
167
1,318
2,285
27,611
51
257
359
6,535
299
1,676
178
2,394
1,102
7,328
165
6,259
281
6,586
29
484
12,864
166,913
13,455
173,786
288,288
4,987,972
Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.
6
2015 Q2
Estab.
Empl.
191
1,601
20
465
108
1,436
309
4,252
166
5,321
43
398
837
13,473
2015 Q2
Estab.
Empl.
72
4,198
149
5,263
267
5,912
211
3,815
364
5,369
723
16,764
626
6,231
5
326
42
717
59
8,618
38
2,764
12
438
10
252
201
3,558
1,594
17,353
490
5,651
1,387
12,803
1,050
8,314
344
6,052
278
973
192
2,353
2,387
29,215
59
406
379
6,296
317
1,919
203
3,667
1,042
8,117
159
6,261
269
6,237
32
440
12,961
180,282
13,798
193,755
290,156
5,282,683
Change
Estab.
Empl.
-3
-1,262
17
441
29
911
128
2,960
68
3,459
7
91
246
6,600
Change
Estab.
Empl.
-11
-1,094
7
1,540
19
-137
-1
-31
-26
340
-1
1,608
-2
1,114
0
-31
-5
-31
1
-1,364
-15
-358
0
-15
4
115
1
983
-99
2,066
-13
848
26
597
42
1,220
60
1,512
-13
24
25
1,035
102
1,604
8
149
20
-239
18
243
25
1,273
-60
789
-6
2
-12
-349
3
-44
97
13,369
343
19,969
1,868
294,711
JOBSOHIO NETWORK REGIONS
Regions
Southeast Ohio
Southwest Ohio
Central Ohio
West Ohio
Northwest Ohio
Northeast Ohio
7
REGIONAL SHALE-RELATED INDUSTRIES
The JobsOhio Network is a partnership of statewide economic development organizations with deep ties to their
business communities. The following charts show trends in shale-related employment for each of the six JobsOhio
regions.
Large percentage increases and decreases in employment may be the result of a change in industry classification
following a routine NAICS assignment review. Changes in NAICS assignments are typically done with the
publication of the first-quarter data.
Core Shale-Related Industries
Percent Employment Change (2011 Q2 - 2015 Q2)
300.0%
West
218.4%
250.0%
200.0%
Northeast
117.7%
150.0%
100.0%
50.0%
Southeast
205.7%
Southwest
13.1%
Northwest
-81.9%
Central
1.5%
0.0%
-50.0%
-100.0%
•
The largest percent growth in employment for the core shale-related industries was in the West region (218.4
percent), followed by the Southeast region (205.7 percent).
Ancillary Shale-Related Industries
Percent Employment Change (2011 Q2 - 2015 Q2)
Central
20.1%
25.0%
Southeast
15.3%
20.0%
15.0%
5.0%
West
5.7%
Northeast
5.0%
10.0%
Northwest
6.3%
Southwest
-2.4%
0.0%
-5.0%
•
For the ancillary shale-related industries, the largest percent growth in employment was in the Central region
(20.1 percent), followed by the Southeast region (15.3 percent).
Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program, Enhanced Quarterly Unemployment Insurance file.
8
WAGES FOR OHIO SHALE-RELATED CORE
AND ANCILLARY INDUSTRIES
• The four-quarter average wage across all industries for 2014
Q3 through 2015 Q2 was $46,393.
• The four-quarter average wage in the core industries was
$28,678 greater than the average wage for all industries.
Core ShaleRelated Industries
(2014 Q3 - 2015 Q2)
Ancillary ShaleRelated Industries
(2014 Q3 - 2015 Q2)
$75,071
$63,147
All Ohio Industries
(2014 Q3 - 2015 Q2)
• The four-quarter average wage in the ancillary industries
was $16,754 higher than the average wage for all industries.
$46,393
Large changes in average wages may be the result of a change in industry classification
following a routine NAICS assignment review.
Four-Quarter Average Wage by Industry
Core Industries
Pipeline transportation of natural gas
$84,114
Oil and gas pipeline construction
$79,828
Drilling oil and gas wells
$73,359
Support activities for oil and gas operations
$71,597
Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction
$70,760
Natural gas liquid extraction
Ancillary Industries
$66,713
$0
$20,000
$40,000
$60,000
$80,000
$100,000
Petrochemical manufacturing
$110,396
Fossil fuel electric power generation
$100,786
Natural gas distribution
$89,138
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing
$82,294
Industrial gas manufacturing
$77,433
Engineering services
$74,973
Industrial machinery merchant wholesalers
$70,231
Remediation services
$66,251
Industrial supplies merchant wholesalers
$65,484
Utility regulation and administration
$65,395
Environmental consulting services
$64,816
Iron, steel pipe and tube from purchase steel
$64,728
Highway, street, and bridge construction
$63,924
Water and sewer system construction
$62,658
Oil and gas field machinery and equipment
$62,112
Other heavy machinery rental and leasing
$62,077
Construction equipment merchant wholesalers
$60,587
Air, water, and waste program administration
$57,266
Sewage treatment facilities
$56,421
Mining machinery and equipment manufacturing
$56,195
Nonresidential site preparation contractors
$55,860
Geophysical surveying and mapping services
$55,607
Testing laboratories
$55,269
Water supply and irrigation systems
$54,251
Other specialized trucking, long-distance
$53,954
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance
$51,702
Other specialized trucking, local
$43,986
General freight trucking, local
$41,704
Administration of conservation programs
Lessors of other real estate property
Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.
$39,334
$28,326
9
OHIO SHALE-RELATED ONLINE JOB POSTINGS
Statewide Online Job Postings
Core Industries
Ancillary Industries
2014 Q4
2015 Q4
% Change
89
177
98.9%
2,961
5,255
77.5%
252,992
277,416
9.7%
2014 Q4
2015 Q4
% Change
509
966
89.8%
1,038
1,741
67.7%
Central Ohio
594
972
63.6%
West Ohio
395
640
62.0%
Southeast Ohio
176
445
152.8%
Northwest Ohio
228
623
173.2%
3,050
5,432
78.1%
Total: ALL Industries
Regional Online Job Postings
Core and Ancillary Combined
Southwest Ohio
Northeast Ohio
Total*
Source: The Conference Board Help Wanted Online® (HWOL). Data are subject to revision. Not seasonally adjusted.
Data are not comparable to previous Ohio Shale Quarterly Economic Trends for Ohio Oil and Gas Industries
reports due to HWOL 2015 methodological revisions.
*The total includes job ads that may have listed the entire state as the geographical area. As a result, the sum of
the job ads for the regions may be lower, since it does not include ads without a city or metropolitan statistical
area specification.
Statewide Online Job Postings
•
Job postings across all Ohio industries were 9.7 percent higher in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to the
fourth quarter of 2014.
•
Overall, job postings increased in core (98.9 percent) and ancillary (77.5 percent) shale-related industries.
Regional Online Job Postings
•
Job postings increased in the Southwest Ohio (89.8 percent), Northeast Ohio (67.7 percent), Central Ohio
(63.6 percent), West Ohio (62.0 percent), Southeast Ohio (152.8 percent), and Northwest Ohio (173.2 percent)
regions in fourth quarter 2015 compared to fourth quarter 2014.
10
WELL ACTIVITY STATUS
AS OF JANUARY 16, 2016
HORIZONTAL OIL AND GAS WELLS IN THE
UTICA/POINT PLEASANT AND MARCELLUS FORMATIONS
STATE OF OHIO
John R. Kasich, Governor
DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
James Zehringer, Director
OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Jeff Rowley, Chief
OHIO DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
2016
Horizontal Wells Activity Status
at end of Saturday 01/16/2016:
Wells Permitted To Date:
Utica:
2117
Marcellus:
44
(1 Utica-Permitted well is not mapped
due to bad locational coordinates.)
(1 Utica-Permitted well is not mapped
due to well length >= 15000 feet.)
Wells Drilled To Date:
Utica:
1669
Marcellus:
29
Wells Producing To Date:
Utica:
1125
Marcellus:
20
SHEFFIELD
LAKE
611
T
SANDUSKY
AVON
LAKE
SHEFFIELD
6
£
¤
VERMILION
301
T
90
T
ELYRIA
OLMSTED
§
¦
¨
ERIE
80
FLORENCE
TOWNSEND
CAMDEN
T
57
T
303
T
LAGRANGE
PITTSFIELD
18
20
£
¤
252
T
BRUNSWICK
HILLS
606
T
CLARKSFIELD
BRIGHTON
WELLINGTON
FAIRFIELD
ROCHESTER
HUNTINGTON
224 SULLIVAN
£
¤
TROY
RUGGLES
511
T
261
T
224
£
¤
421
T
HOMER
162
T
Chippewa
Lake
WESTFIELD
T
301
T
CASS
61
T
CLEAR
CREEK
§
¦
¨
71
BUTLER
ORANGE
JACKSON
Turkeyfoot
Lake
94
T
604
T
CANAAN
CHIPPEWA
MILTON
20
5
376
186
3
183
3
WELLER
FRANKLIN
JACKSON
RICHLAND
309
T
Clear Fork
Reservoir
250
£
¤
PLAIN
MOHICAN
314
T
95
T
39
T
KNOX
205
T
WAYNE
MONROE
768
T
LIBERTY
MOUNT
VERNON
COLLEGE
MILFORD
JEFFERSON
BENNINGTON
W
X
JACKSON
COSHOCTON
PERRY
BEDFORD
EDEN
FALLSBURY
PIKE
WASHINGTON
MARY
ANN
PERRY
L IC K I N G
161
T
Marcellus Bottom Hole
W PERMITTED-(Permitted; Not Drilled; Canceled)
X
JACKSON
CASS
GRANVILLE
NEWARK
NEWARK
SAINT
ALBANS
HANOVER
Dillon Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
HEATH
HARRISON
FRANKLIN
Inactive
UNION
Buckeye
Lake
79
T
360
T
HOPEWELL
HOPEWELL
0
CLAYTON
JACKSON
HARRISON
312
T
MARION
WX
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
XX
W
WX
W
WX
X
X
W
NOBLE
376
T
BRISTOL
180
T
678
T
33
£
¤
FALLS
GREEN
H O C K IN G
216
T
595
T
WARD
LAUREL
328
T
SCALE 1:300,000
278
T
£
¤
33
WASHINGTON
BENTON
STARR
UNION
Burr Oak
Lake
33
£
¤
685
T
YORK
HOMER
CENTER
T
60
339
T
78
T
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
WINDSOR
WATERFORD
260
T
ELK
BETHEL
T
W
X
AURELIUS
26
T
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
LIBERTY
ADAMS
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
SALEM
W
X
GREEN
255
T
W
X
X
W W
X
W
X
X
W
536
T
W
XX
W
OHIO
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
LEE
X X
W
W
X
X
W
W
X
W
W
X
BENTON
JACKSON
7
T
LUDLOW
W A S H IN G T O N
GRANDVIEW
Wayne National
Forest
National Forest FS
676
T
Wayne National Forest GIFFORD SF
National Forest FS
W
X
X
W
W
X
W
X
X
W
78
T
W
X
W
X
PERRY
WASHINGTON
W
X
SALEM
792
T
555
T
872
T
SWITZERLAND
ADAMS
800
XT
W
MARION
329
SUNSBURY
537
T
7
T
W
W
X
WX
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X X
W
YORK
W
X
W
X
WX
X
W
X
W
X
W
W
X
W
X
W X
X
W
X
W
X
W
W
X
W
X
5
56
T
W
X
WASHINGTON
WX
X
W
X
W
W
X
530
T
266
T
WX
X
W
XX
W
W
W
X
W
X
X
W
148
T
WAYNE
JACKSON
PENN
377
T
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
W
X
CENTER
565
T
470
X PULTNEY
W
W
X
147
T
W
X
W
X
149
T
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
XX
W
SMITH
MONROE
564
T
JEFFERSON
§
¦
¨
W
XX
W
9
T
BELMONT
WWAYNE
X
ENOCH
W
X
X
W
W
X
Burr Oak Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
TRIMBLE
ATHENS
W
X
821
T
MEIGSVILLE
MORGAN
MONROE
OLIVE
RICHLAND
W
X
MANCHESTER
37
T
COAL
Wayne National
Forest
National Forest FS
SHARON
WARREN
647
T
40
£
¤
W
X
SUMMIT
FRANKLIN
MORGAN
W
X
W
X
UNION
MALAGA
X
W
W
X
145
T
T
STOCK 724
MOUNT
PLEASANT
250
£
¤
W
X
W
X
X
W
MEAD
W
X
W
X
7
T
W
XX
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
WX
X
X
W
W
SOMERSET
SENECA
WMARION
X
X
W
W
X
T
WELLS
150
T
WHEELING
GOSHEN
147
T
265
T
CENTER
78
T
BEARFIELD
ATHENS
W
X
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
XX
W
Senecaville
W
X
W
X
W LakeX
X
W
X
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
WW
X
W
X
Senecaville Lake
W
X
W
X
W
X
W Army Corps of Engineers DOD
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
379
WT
W
X
WX
X
W X
W 566
X
W
X
T
W
X
X
W
SENECA
151
T
SHORT
CREEK
XX
W
W
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
BEAVER
285
T
NOBLE
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
PEASE
574
T
215
STEUBENVILLE
SMITHFIELD
COLERAIN
W
W X
X
X
W
WAYNE
BUFFALO
CROSS
CREEK
W
X
W
X
W
XX
W
FLUSHING
MILLWOOD
T
13
T
155
T
T
SALT
CREEK
672
T
BROOKFIELD
669
T
SALT
LICK
93
T
519
T
WARREN
83
MALTA
Lake
Logan
X
W
W
X
22
W
X
£
¤
MOOREFIELD
W
X
331
T
W
X
WX
X
WX
W
513
T
W
X
W
X
X
W
W
X
761
T
W
W X
X
340
T
MEIGS
555
T
PLEASANT
MONDAY
CREEK
GOOD
HOPE
PERRY
SPENCER
284
T
W
X
BLUE
ROCK
DEERFIELD
374
15Kilometers
W
X
822
T
WAYNE
W X
X
W
X
W
WX
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
Piedmont
Reservoir X
W
RICHLAND
146
T
BRUSH
CREEK
HARRISON
PIKE
MADISON
10
RICH
HILL
CLAY
383
T
PE R R Y
RUSH
CREEK
664
T
5
SALT
CREEK
W ISLAND
X
CREEK
CADIZ
OXFORD
W
XX
W
BLOOM
BERNE
2.5
JACKSON
660
T
WAYNE
YORK
793
T
33
£
¤
5
WESTLAND
XX
W
SALEM
WW646
X
T
W
X
W
X
W
X
WILLS
W
X
T
HOCKING
10Miles
UNION
NEWTON
345
T
LANCASTER
5
70
M U S K IN G U M
PLEASANT
22
£
¤
0
§
¦
¨
VALLEY
719
T
FA I R F I E L D
33
£
¤
2.5
MADISON
668
T
READING
W
X
X
W
CENTER
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
22
£
¤
PERRY
797
T
204
T
RICHLAND
CAMBRIDGE
40
£
¤
40
£
¤
KNOX
GERMAN
HA R RISON
W
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
MADISON
GU ER NSEY
CAMBRIDGE
ADAMS
152
T
7
T
43
T
GREEN
W
X
X
W
JEFFERSON
209
T
HIGHLAND
213
T
WS O N
J E F F E RX
W
X
313
93
T
188
T
33
£
¤
5
FALLS
22
£
¤
GREENFIELD
T
SALEM
EAST
LIVERPOOL
W
X
W
X
LONDONDERRY
658
T
22
£
¤
757
T
158
T
KNOX
723
T
SPRINGFIELD
256
T
Division of Wildlife
662
T
W
X
SALINE
W
X
Clendening Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
Piedmont Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
LIBERTY
WASHINGTON
ZANESVILLE
Division of Watercraft
MONROE
SAINT
CLAIR
267
T
W
X
W
X
X
W
ARCHER
KIRKWOOD
MUSKINGUM
146
T
BOWLING
GREEN
THORN
Wills Creek Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
W
X
YELLOW
CREEK
SPRINGFIELD
W
X
NOTTINGHAM
799
T
W
X
WASHINGTON
Salt Fork
Lake
X
W
W
X
W
WW
X
X X
X
W
W
X
STEUBENVILLE
W Reservoir
X
W
X
MONROE
W
X
W
X
MIDDLETON
MADISON
BRUSH
CREEK
W
X
FRANKLIN
X WASHINGTON
W
W
800 X
T
W
X
342
T
PERRY
W
X
HOPEWELL
70
WALNUT
Division of Parks
541
T
83
Dillon
Lake
40
£
¤
§
¦
¨
37
T
LIBERTY
WASHINGTON
WHEELING
LINTON
ADAMS
208
T
LICKING
LICKING
ETNA
Department
FRANKLIN
ELK
RUN
518
T
WAYNE
ROSS
RUMLEY
XX
W
W
W
X
STOCK
Clendening
OXFORD
FREEPORT
60
T
PATASKALA
Division of Forestry
OXFORD
MADISON
666
T
16
T
MADISON
DRILLED-(Drilling; Well Drilled)
ODNR Lands
LAFAYETTE
Wills
Creek Lake
310
T
TUSCARAW AS
W
XX
W
VIRGINIA
586
T
Plugged and Abandoned
³
COSHOCTON
MCKEAN
Dry and Abandoned
W
X
W
X
TUSCARAWAS
JACKSON
165
T
W
X
LIVERPOOL
W
X
W
X
Lake
W
X
46
T
RUSH
W
X
258
T
79
T
JERSEY
W
X
§
¦
¨
W
X
W
X
W
WX
X
UNITY
W
X
W
X
LOUDON
WTappan
X
W
X
16
T
13
T
BURLINGTON
LIBERTY
SALEM
751
T
77
NEWTON
Natural Areas and Preserves
621
T
ADAMS
NORTH
Tappan Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
CLAY
WHITE
EYES
KEENE
154
XT
W
WASHINGTON
524
WT
X
X
W
W
X
W
X
151
T
MONROE
250
£
¤
14
T
45
T
9
T
W
X
PERRY
W
X
UNION
WARWICK
JEFFERSON
W
X
W
X
W
WX
X
W
XX
W
LEE
332
T
164
XT
W
MILL
36
£
¤
541
T
CLAY
PRODUCING-(Producing; Plugged Back)
MONROE
BUCKS
93
T
BETHLEHEM
ORANGE
416
T
Mohawk Reservoir
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
NEW
CASTLE
BUTLER
XX
W
W
WX
WX
CRAWFORD
83
T
715
T
KN OX
WASHINGTON
PRODUCING-(Producing; Plugged Back)
MILL
CREEK
CLARK
657
T
HARTFORD
651
T
643
T
MONROE
259
T
YORK
Pine
Lake
FOX
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
X
W
W
X
W
X
W
X
39
T
GOSHEN
AUBURN
W
X
TIVERTON
HARRISON
NEW
PHILADELPHIA
Leesville
Lake
617
T
11
T
W
X
39
T
W
X
W
X
WARREN
SPRINGFIELD
W
X
W
XX
W
CENTER
X
W
UNION
WW
X
XLeesville Lake
MONROE
211
T
CLARK
UNION
HOWARD
MORGAN
DRILLED-(Drilling; Well Drilled)
Lost Hole or Final Restoration
MECHANIC
W
X
WX
WX
W
WX
WX
XX
W
W
WASHINGTON X
W X
X
W
WX
XX
W
W
630
T
Evans
Lake
626
T
COLUMBIANA
FRANKLIN
W
X
Atwood Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
Atwood
Lake
W
X
FAIRFIELD
DOVER
60
T
WC A R R O L L
X
W
X
DOVER
557
T
KILLBUCK
HARRISON
ROSE
BEAVER
CENTER
289
T
W
X
W
X
X
W
POLAND
170
T
344
T
6X
44
W
T
W
X
EAST
W
X
W
XX
W W
X
X
W
171
XT
W
W
X
SANDY
250
£
¤
516
T
T
MILLER
661
T
Mohawk
Lake
X
W
542
T
SUGAR
CREEK
RICHLAND
229
T
HILLIAR
W X
X
X
W
WW
X
W
X
AUGUSTA
BROWN
43
T
680
7
T
62
£
¤
W
X
W
X
W
X
HANOVER
30
WX
X
W
£
¤
W
X
XX
W
W
W
X
W
W X
X
W
X
X
W
§
¦
¨
BOARDMAN
§
¦
¨
76
X
W
W
X
W
X
SANDY
W
X
FRANKLIN
W
X
WALNUT
CREEK
BERLIN
206
T
PLEASANT
Horizontal Wellbores
LAWRENCE
WWAYNE
X
515
T
HARDY
62
£
¤
308
T
CLINTON
36
£
¤
Utica/Point Pleasant Well Heads
800
T
Guilford
Lake
WEST
W
X
212
T
250
£
¤
PAINT
520
514
T
3
T
Apple
Valley
Lake
MORRIS
36
£
¤
SOUTH
BLOOMFIELD
JEFFERSON
BROWN
PIKE
BERLIN
CHESTER
PIKE
21
T
Text
Knox
Lake
Projection is Ohio state plane coordinate system, south zone
North American Datum 1983.
W
X
BETHLEHEM
SUGAR
CREEK
Beach City Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
241
T
HOL MES
MONROE
201 - 400
MIDDLEBURY
SALT
CREEK
W
X
HANOVER
101 - 200
FRANKLIN
T
44
W
X
PRAIRIE
RIPLEY
754
T
401 - 600
PAINT
W
X
W
X
172
T
PARIS
OSNABURG
224
£
¤
164
W
X
WT
X
W
X
X
W
FAIRFIELD
W
X
W
SALEM
W X
X
X
W
X
W
558
T
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
X
W
WX
WX
X
W
X
W
X
X
W
517
T
9
T
30
£
¤
CANTON
STRUTHERS
625
T
62
£
¤
62
£
¤
PERRY
BUTLER
W
X
627
T
W
X
226
T
WASHINGTON
97
T
WORTHINGTON
JEFFERSON
PERRY
MORROW
51 - 100
INACTIVE-(Drilled Inactive; Shut in)
30
£
¤
297
T
62
£
¤
PERRY
30
£
¤
W
X
KNOX
616
T
COITSVILLE
422
£
¤
CAMPBELL
SALEM
153
T
62
£
¤
GREEN
W
X
W
X
W
X
SALT
CREEK
CLINTON
GREEN
Pleasant
Hill Lake
13
T
546
T
11 - 50
PERMITTED-(Permitted; Not Drilled; Canceled)
172
T
MASSILLON
X
W
W
X
62
£
¤
WASHINGTON
NIMISHILLEN
62
£
¤
LOUISVILLE
TUSCARAWAS
SUGAR
CREEK
62
£
¤
ALLIANCE
STARK
FRANKLIN
1 - 10
W
X
30
£
¤
30
£
¤
EAST
UNION
Pleasant Hill Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
Well Head Count by County
Utica/Point Pleasant Bottom Hole
PLAIN
687
T
236
T
URBAN
CANFIELD
W X
X
W
X
W
X GOSHEN
W
165
T
SMITH
£
¤
YOUNGSTOWN
AUSTINTOWN
ELLSWORTH
183
T
250
£
¤
LAKE
MONROE
WASHINGTON
42
£
¤
Marcellus Well Heads
30
£
¤
30
£
¤
WOOSTER
21
TROY
WLEXINGTON
X
HUBBARD
62
Meander
Creek
Reservoir
MAHONING
X
W
W
X
W
X
HUBBARD
304
T
711
T
80
Berlin Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
Walborn
Reservoir
619
T
CANTON
179
T
MADISON
JACKSON
BAUGHMAN
ORRVILLE
WAYNE
VERMILION
Charles
Mill Lake
MARLBORO
NORTH
CANTON
WOOSTER
30
£
¤
MIFFLIN
430
T
42
£
¤
MANSFIELD
LAWRENCE
GREEN
WAYNE
CHESTER
60
T
Charles Mill Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
30
£
¤
T
250
£
¤
PERRY
89
T
ASHLAND
MONTGOMERY
65
322
258
603
T
GREEN
241
T
585
T
302
ASHLAND
MILTON
545
T
39
T
LAKE
62
£
¤
LIBERTY
GIRARD
Meander
Creek
Reservoir
§
¦
¨
W
X
BERLIN
Deer
Creek
Lake
W
X
43 X
W
T
URBAN
45
T
Berlin
Lake
224
£
¤
T
NILES
WEATHERSFIELD
JACKSON
MILTON
534
T
ATWATER
173
T
T
SPRINGFIELD
501
3
2
SHARON
Wingfoot
Lake
93
T
83
SHELBY
15
30
133
224
£
¤
RANDOLPH
SUFFIELD
Portage
Lakes
FRANKLIN
539
T
96
T
1
44
T
224
£
¤
277 277 224
Lake
Milton
225
XT
W
PALMYRA
14
T
532
T
§
¦
¨
¤
¦£
¨
§§
¦
¨
W
X
EDINBURG
SPRINGFIELD
21
T
3
T
CONGRESS
COVENTRY
Meander
Creek
Reservoir
URBAN
T
Michael
Kirwin
Reservoir
DEERFIELD
BARBERTON
57
250
£
¤
BLOOMING
GROVE
Mogadore
Reservation
77
76
URBAN
WADSWORTH
80
NEWTON
PARIS
82
T
46
W
W
X
XX
W
§
¦
¨
ROOTSTOWN
BRIMFIELD
91
T
AKRON
§
¦
¨
NORTON
WADSWORTH
GUILFORD
13
T
15
T
169
5
Michael J. Kirwan Reservoir
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
TALLMADGE
LAFAYETTE
HARRISVILLE
GREENWICH
18
T
HARTFORD
BROOKFIELD
VIENNA
HOWLAND
Ravenna Arsenal
Army DOD
88
T
CHARLESTOWN
RAVENNA
59
T
KENT
SUMMIT
COPLEY
MONTVILLE
CHATHAM
SPENCER
58
T
£
¤
RIPLEY 224
FRANKLIN
77
162
T
42
£
¤
NEW
HAVEN
URBAN
TRUMBULL
W
X
WARREN
WARREN
303
T
WINDHAM
FREEDOM
W
X
PO R T A G E
Rockwell
Lake
STOW
§
¦
¨
SHARON
MEDINA
ME DINA
NEW
LONDON
FITCHVILLE
GREENFIELD
13
82
T
SHALERSVILLE
RAVENNA
BATH
GRANGER
MEDINA
YORK
8
T
CUYAHOGA
FALLS
§
¦
¨
18
T
PENFIELD
250
£
¤
1
Mosquito
Lake
HIRAM
STREETSBORO
HUDSON
305
T
FOWLER
CHAMPION
SOUTHINGTON
609
T
193
T
5
T
305
T
X
W
BRACEVILLE
HARTLAND
HU R ON
1
T
480
303
T
BOSTON
Mosquito Creek Lake
Army Corps of Engineers DOD
BAZETTA
282
MANTUA
VERNON
JOHNSTON
534
T
422
£
¤
§
¦
¨
80
77
88
T
BRISTOL
FARMINGTON
480
§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
RICHFIELD
HINCKLEY
271
BRONSON
162
T
1
AURORA
§
¦
¨
KINSMAN
MECCA
NELSON
W
X
URBAN
176
T
BRUNSWICK
LIVERPOOL
GRAFTON
LITCHFIELD
PERU
PLYMOUTH
TWINSBURG
W
X
700
T
Aurora
Pond
TWINSBURG
MACEDONIA
BRECKSVILLE
GUSTAVUS
GREENE
BLOOMFIELD
MESOPOTAMIA
PARKMAN
TROY
AUBURN
43
T
NORTHFIELD
CENTER
87
T
MIDDLEFIELD
Ladue
Reservoir
44
T
306
T
BAINBRIDGE
Cuyahoga Valley National
Park National Park NPS
20
£
¤
NORWALK
NORWALK
82
T
COLUMBIA
EATON
OBERLIN
WAKEMAN
601
T
CARLISLE
W
X
168
T
BURTON
SOLON
BEDFORD
SAGAMORE
HILLS
21
T
STRONGSVILLE
BROADVIEW
HEIGHTS
NORTH
ROYALTON
LORAIN
NEW
RUSSIA
HENRIETTA
60
T
61
T
§
¦
¨
7
T
46
T
GE AU GA
§
¦
¨
§
¦
¨
WILLIAMSFIELD
Pymatuning
Reservoir
45
T
NEWBURY
RUSSELL
CHAGRIN
FALLS
BEACHWOOD
WAYNE
COLEBROOK
East Branch
Reservoir
91
T
WARRENSVILLE
94
T
113
T
§
¦
¨
BERLIN
MILAN
250
£
¤
422
£
¤
14
T
URBAN
480
ANDOVER
ASHTABULA
ORWELL
WINDSOR
HUNTSBURG
CHERRY
VALLEY
Roaming
Shores Lake
86
T
528
T
608
T
CLARIDON
MUNSON
322
£
¤
NEW
LYME
ROME
HARTSGROVE
MONTVILLE
HAMBDEN
6
£
¤
6
£
¤
CHESTER
CUYAHOGA
HEIGHTS
480
GARFIELD
BEDFORD
HEIGHTS
HEIGHTS
MAPLE
271
HEIGHTS
77
§
¦
¨
PARMA
HEIGHTS PARMA
SEVEN
BEREA
HILLS
3
T
MIDDLEBURG
237
T
HEIGHTS
80
T
OXFORD
490
90
PARK
ELYRIA
AMHERST
58
§
¦
¨
§
¦CLEVELAND
¨
BROOKLYN
291
T
NORTH
RIDGEVILLE
HURON
13
£
¤
10
T
NORTH FAIRVIEW
17
PARK
BROOKT
OLMSTED
83
T
§
¦
¨
AMHERST
BROWNHELM
6
6
£
¤
£
¤
6
LAKEWOOD
WESTLAKE
URBAN
VERMILION
2
T
PERKINS
BAY VILLAGE
254
T
AVON
LORAIN
URBAN
20
£
¤
ROCKY
2 RIVER
T
CLEVELAND LYNDHURST
HEIGHTS
SHAKER
87
T
HEIGHTS
322 £
20
322 £
¤
¤
£
¤
CHARDON
CHAPIN FOREST
RESERVATION SF
LAKE
WILLOUGHBY
6
£
¤
HILLS
RICHMOND
HEIGHTS
HIGHLAND T
174
SOUTH
HEIGHTS
EAST EUCLID 175 MAYFIELD
T HEIGHTS
CLEVELAND
RIDGEFIELD
1
20
£
¤
T
URBAN
Utica/Point Pleasant and Marcellus
Horizontal Well Head Counts by County
URBAN
WILLOUGHBY
84
T
2
T
EUCLID WICKLIFFE
283
ODNR OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
January, 2016
PALMER
WESLEY
WATERTOWN
MUSKINGUM
FEARING
X
W
W
X
MARIETTA
LAWRENCE
INDEPENDENCE
Wayne National Forest Purchase
Unit Purchase Unit Block FS
DOVER
Data source: The ODNR
Division of Oil andAMES
Gas Resources provided the Well data from RBDMS; The ODNR Division of Geological Survey provided the S<SUB1</SUB> data; The ODNR Office of Information Technology provided the ODNR lands data; The NationalAtlas.gov provided the federal lands; Ohio Department of
BERN
WARREN
Transportation provided the city boundaries, roads, and lakes data.
11
KEY OCCUPATIONS IN CORE
SHALE-RELATED INDUSTRIES
The occupations listed in the table below are found within the national staffing patterns of core shale-related
industries. While these occupations are not exclusive to the core shale-related industries, all are in the top 20 of
one or more of these industries.
A standard occupation classification (SOC) code is provided for each occupation. For a complete list of terms and
definitions, please refer to the Staffing Patterns definition on page 19.
SOC
Code
Median
Annual
Wage
SOC Title
Typical Education, Work Experience,
On-the-Job Training (OJT)
17-2171
Petroleum engineers
$107,940
Bachelor's degree
19-2042
Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers
$68,210
Bachelor's degree
19-4041
Geological and petroleum technicians
$55,620
Associate's degree; Moderate-term OJT
47-2011
Boilermakers
$55,370
HS/GED; Apprenticeship
47-2051
Cement masons and concrete finishers
$39,260
Less than HS; Moderate-term OJT
47-2151
Pipelayers
$42,820
Less than HS; Short-term OJT
47-2221
Structural iron and steel workers
$57,490
HS/GED; Apprenticeship
47-3015
Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters
$24,350
HS/GED; Short-term OJT
47-5011
Derrick Operators, oil and gas
$36,780
Less than HS; Short-term OJT
47-5012
Rotary drill operators, oil and gas
$33,430
Less than HS; Moderate-term OJT
47-5021
Earth drillers, except oil and gas
$39,450
HS/GED; Moderate-term OJT
47-5071
Roustabouts, oil and gas
$29,150
Less than HS; Moderate-term OJT
47-5081
Helpers--extraction workers
$28,610
HS/GED; Moderate-term OJT
49-9098
Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers
$24,710
HS/GED; Moderate-term OJT
53-7021
Crane and tower operators
$37,450
HS/GED; 1-5 years experience; Moderate-term OJT
53-7032
Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators
$37,330
HS/GED; 1-5 years experience; Moderate-term OJT
53-7062
Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand
$23,310
Less than HS; Short-term OJT
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2014.
12
IN-DEMAND SHALE-RELATED OCCUPATIONS
The occupations listed below have 2014 employment levels above 80 in the core shale-related industries and have
been identified as in-demand occupations through the Ohio Workforce Information Exchange — Job Forecast
initiative as of November 2015. This initiative works directly with employers with at least one Ohio location to
identify employers’ most in-demand occupations over the next one, three and five years.
For more information on the Workforce Information Exchange, please refer to page 20.
SOC
Code
Median
Annual
Wage
SOC Title
Typical Education, Work Experience,
On-the-Job Training (OJT)
11-1021
General and Operations Managers
$90,180
Bachelor's degree, 1-5 Years Experience
11-9021
Construction Managers
$82,170
Bachelor's degree, Moderate-Term OJT
11-9041
Architectural and engineering managers
$116,640
Bachelor's degree; 5+ years experience
13-1051
Cost Estimators
$55,890
Bachelor's degree
13-1071
Human resources specialists
$53,860
Bachelor's degree
13-2011
Accountants and auditors
$61,740
Bachelor's degree
13-2051
Financial Analysts
$71,110
Bachelor's degree
13-1199
Business Operations Specialists, All Other
$62,030
HS/GED, Long-Term OJT
15-1199
Computer Occupations, All Other
$79,040
Bachelor's degree
17-2051
Civil Engineers
$73,940
Bachelor's degree
43-3031
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks
$35,600
HS/GED, Moderate-Term OJT
47-1011
First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction
Workers
$59,450
HS/GED, 5+ Years Experience
47-2031
Carpenters
$42,640
HS/GED; Apprenticeship
47-2061
Construction Laborers
$36,080
Less than HS, Short-term OJT
47-2073
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators
$47,470
HS/GED, Moderate-Term OJT
47-2111
Electricians
$50,190
HS/GED, Apprenticeship
47-2152
Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
$52,010
HS/GED, Apprenticeship
47-5013
Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining
$33,190
Less than HS, Moderate-term OJT
49-1011
First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers
$58,770
HS/GED, 1-5 Years Experience
49-3031
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists
$43,340
HS/GED, Long-Term OJT
49-3042
Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines
$44,020
HS/GED; Long-term OJT
49-9012
Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door
$55,020
HS/GED, Moderate-term OJT
49-9041
Industrial machinery mechanics
$46,590
HS/GED, Long-term OJT
49-9071
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General
$37,120
HS/GED, Long-Term OJT
51-1011
First-line supervisors of production and operating workers
$53,570
Post-HS cert, 1-5 Years Experience
51-4121
Welders, Cutters, Solderers and Brazers
$35,890
HS/GED, Moderate-Term OJT
51-8093
Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers
$63,830
HS/GED, Long-term OJT
51-9199
Production workers, all other
$32,300
HS/GED, Moderate-Term OJT
53-3032
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers
$39,860
HS/GED, Short-Term OJT
53-7073
Wellhead Pumpers
$31,780
Less than HS, Moderate-Term OJT
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2014.
13
STATEWIDE SHALE-RELATED EMPLOYMENT DATA
The Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI) are a set of economic indicators derived from state administrative
records and basic demographic information from the Census Bureau. They can be examined based on geography,
industry, gender and age of workers. Data presented are the most recent available. Because QWI data are not
seasonally adjusted, the same quarter must be used when analyzing changes over time. This will ensure that
seasonal factors are not influencing employment change. Therefore, in the table below and on the following page,
fourth quarter data from 2011 is presented with fourth quarter data from 2014.
The tables below and on the following page show Ohio shale-related employment. “Stable Employment” is
an estimate of the number of jobs that were present at the beginning and end of a quarter. “All Hires” is the
estimated number of workers who started a job during the quarter; it includes new and recalled employees.
“Separations” is the estimated number of workers whose jobs with a given employer ended during a quarter.
2011 Q4
Ohio
All industry groups
2014 Q4
Stable
Employment All Hires Separations
Stable
Employment
All Hires
Separations
4,408,362
855,089
792,493
4,543,630
870,191
906,184
2111 Oil and Gas Extraction
2,867
188
185
2,039
637
521
2131 Support Activities for Mining
2,570
746
871
5,982
1,981
1,846
2371 Utility System Construction
9,418
2,212
3,458
11,941
5,812
8,654
337
14
3
402
17
3
4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics, Quarterly Workforce Indicators.
QWI are available only at the four-digit NAICS level. Consequently, although these industry groups contain some
employment from non-shale-related core industries, they provide an indication of labor activity for these shalerelated industries.
•
Stable jobs, those present at the beginning and end of a quarter, increased in three core shale-related
industries from fourth quarter 2011 to fourth quarter 2014: support activities for mining, utility system
construction, and pipeline transportation of natural gas.
•
The job market has significant turnover as demonstrated by the number of hires and separations.
14
JOBSOHIO NETWORK SHALE-RELATED EMPLOYMENT
2011 Q4
Central Ohio
All industry groups
2014 Q4
Stable
Employment
All Hires
Separations
Stable
Employment
All Hires
Separations
878,059
180,970
161,328
910,345
198,579
197,654
2111 Oil and Gas Extraction
183
6
11
170
14
12
2131 Support Activities for Mining
203
52
141
272
39
60
1,840
279
420
2,354
527
1,043
123
6
***
128
4
***
1,658,490
327,101
296,181
1,704,670
304,636
325,690
2371 Utility System Construction
4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
Northeast Ohio
All industry groups
2111 Oil and Gas Extraction
663
79
75
1,104
299
207
2131 Support Activities for Mining
653
148
222
1,883
653
444
3,324
858
1,485
3,866
1,501
2,155
94
3
0
139
12
0
458,361
96,813
85,563
471,562
91,596
95,913
1,584
38
48
13
17
27
9
4
3
29
31
23
1,282
365
770
1,517
2,335
2,855
27
***
0
31
0
0
269,112
44,417
46,559
271,071
49,879
53,404
407
61
46
753
307
275
1,689
533
487
3,749
1,250
1,310
687
259
220
1,396
920
1,661
78
***
0
86
***
***
675,759
128,463
128,832
716,428
139,071
145,722
***
***
***
***
***
***
2371 Utility System Construction
4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
Northwest Ohio
All industry groups
2111 Oil and Gas Extraction
2131 Support Activities for Mining
2371 Utility System Construction
4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
Southeast Ohio
All industry groups
2111 Oil and Gas Extraction
2131 Support Activities for Mining
2371 Utility System Construction
4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
Southwest Ohio
All industry groups
2111 Oil and Gas Extraction
2131 Support Activities for Mining
5
4
4
***
***
***
1,556
335
391
1,911
382
721
***
***
0
***
0
0
468,581
77,325
74,030
469,554
86,429
87,802
***
0
0
***
***
***
10
7
15
49
9
10
2371 Utility System Construction
731
116
172
898
147
219
4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
***
0
0
***
0
0
2371 Utility System Construction
4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
West Ohio
All industry groups
2111 Oil and Gas Extraction
2131 Support Activities for Mining
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics, Quarterly Workforce Indicators.
***Indicates data cannot be disclosed due to confidentiality restrictions or data quality standards.
Quarterly Workforce Indicators are available only at the four-digit NAICS level. Consequently, although these industry groups contain some employment from nonshale-related core industries, they help provide an indication of labor activity for these shale-related industries.
15
COUNTY UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN DECEMBER 2015
(Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Unemployment Rates
Not Seasonally Adjusted
Seasonally Adjusted
United States
4.8%
5.0%
Ohio
4.6%
4.7%
4.6% or Lower
4.7% to 4.8%
4.9% to 7.9%
Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services
Office of Workforce Development
Bureau of Labor Market Information
*Data are preliminary and subject to revision.
8.0% or Higher
16
COUNTY UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN DECEMBER 2014
(Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Unemployment Rates
Not Seasonally Adjusted
Seasonally Adjusted
United States
5.4%
5.6%
Ohio
4.7%
5.1%
4.7% or Lower
4.8% to 5.4%
5.5% to 6.9%
Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services
Office of Workforce Development
Bureau of Labor Market Information
*Data based on 2014 benchmark.
7.0% or Higher
17
DEFINITIONS
OHIO LABOR FORCE STATISTICS*
JOB DATA*
Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services’
Bureau of Labor Market Information, Local Area
Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services’
Bureau of Labor Market Information,
Current Employment Statistics
The labor force and unemployment data are based
on the same concepts and definitions as those used
for the official national estimates obtained from the
Current Population Survey (CPS). The LAUS program
measures employment and unemployment on a
place-of-residence basis and produces estimates
using equations based on regression techniques.
This method uses data from several sources,
including the CPS, the Current Employment Statistics
(CES) program and state unemployment insurance
programs. The LAUS program does not produce
estimates for any demographic groups.
Each month the CES program surveys about 140,000
national businesses and government agencies to
provide detailed industry data on employment, hours
and earnings of workers on non-farm payrolls. This
is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS) and the states. CES produces a
count of jobs, not of people.
Employment − A count of all persons who, during
the week that includes the 12th day of the month,
(a) did any work as paid employees, worked in their
own businesses or professions or on their own farm,
or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in
enterprises operated by members of their families,
or (b) were not working but who had jobs from which
they were temporarily absent. Each employed person
is counted only once, even if the person holds more
than one job. Included are the self-employed, unpaid
family workers, agricultural workers and private
household workers, who are excluded by the CES
survey.
Nonfarm Jobs − The total number of persons on
established payrolls employed full- or part-time
who received pay for any part of the pay period
that includes the 12th day of the month. Temporary
and intermittent employees are included, as are
any employees who are on paid sick leave, on
paid holiday, or who worked during only part of
the specified pay period. A striking employee who
works only a small portion of the survey period, and
is paid, is included as employed. Those on payrolls
of more than one establishment are counted in
each establishment. Data exclude proprietors, selfemployed workers, unpaid family or volunteer
workers, farm workers, and domestic workers. Those
on layoff, strike or leave without pay for the entire pay
period, or who have not yet reported for work, are
not counted as employed. Government employment
covers only civilian employees.
Labor Force − The population of people either working
or looking for work, or classified as employed or
unemployed.
QUARTERLY WORKFORCE INDICATORS
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Unemployment − A count of all persons age 16 and
older who had no employment during the reference
week (the week containing the 12th day of the month),
who were available for work (except for temporary
illness), and who had made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the four-week period
ending with the reference week. This includes those
waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they had
been laid off.
The Quarterly Workforce Indicators are data that can
be examined by region, industry, gender and age of
workers. These indicators are built on wage records in
the unemployment insurance system and information
from state Quarterly Census of Employment and
Wages (QCEW) data.
Unemployment Rate − The number of unemployed
workers as a percent of the labor force.
*THESE DATA ARE SEASONALLY ADJUSTED. Seasonal
adjustment removes changes in employment due to normal
seasonal hiring or layoffs (such as holidays, weather, etc.).
18
DEFINITIONS
Typical Education, Training and Experience − To assist
with career planning, the BLS has determined the
typical education needed for entry into an occupation,
years of commonly needed work experience in a
related occupation, and typical on-the-job training
needed to attain competency in the occupation. For
definitions of available categories, see
www.bls.gov/emp/ep_definitions_edtrain.pdf.
QUARTERLY CENSUS OF EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES
Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services’
Bureau of Labor Market Information,
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages
Business Establishment − An establishment is the
location of a certain economic activity, such as a
factory, store, office or mine, which produces goods
or services. It is typically at a single physical location
and engaged in one, or predominantly one, type of
economic activity. An employer may have one or more
establishments.
Typical Education Levels
Employment − Employment data include all
employment covered under federal and Ohio
unemployment insurance laws for each of the three
months in a quarter. The employment count represents
the number of full- and part-time employees who
worked during or received pay for the payroll period
including the 12th day of the month. The employment
totals for each month are averaged for the quarter
employment count. Those on paid vacations or paid
sick leave are included. Workers temporarily earning
no wages due to labor-management disputes, layoffs
or other reasons are not reported as employed. Those
on the payroll of more than one employer during the
same reference week are reported more than once.
•
•
Less than high school
High school diploma or equivalent (HS/GED)
•
Postsecondary non-degree award (Post-HS Cert.)
•
Associate’s degree
•
Bachelor’s degree •
Master’s degree
•
Doctoral or professional degree
Work Experience in a Related Occupation
•
•
•
Five years or more
One to five years
Less than one year
Typical On-The-Job (OJT) Training
•
Wages − Wages include total compensation paid
during a calendar quarter, including bonuses. Average
wages are calculated by dividing total wages for a
quarter by average employment in that quarter.
•
•
Long-term OJT – More than 12 months OJT or
combined work experience and formal classroom
instruction
Moderate-term OJT – One to 12 months OJT and
informal training
Short-term OJT – Less than one month OJT
STAFFING PATTERNS
ONLINE JOB POSTINGS
Source: Ohio Department of Job and Family Services’
Bureau of Labor Market Information
Source: The Conference Board Help Wanted OnLine™
Data Set
A staffing pattern is a list of the occupations most
commonly found within a particular industry. This
information comes from the biennial Long-Term
Occupational Employment Projections data.
The Conference Board HWOL data set provides real-time
insight into the employment marketplace through the
world’s largest database of online job ads. Job ads can
be classified by industry, occupation, employer and
geographic area. Data are analyzed for employment
trends and to forecast economic conditions.The underlying
data for The Conference Board HWOL are provided by
Wanted Technologies Corporation.
Annual Median Wage − The annual median wage
earned by workers in an occupation, assuming 40
hours of work per week, 52 weeks a year. Wage data
is derived from the annual Occupational Employment
Statistics survey.
19
DEFINITIONS
Repair & Maintenance (811310); Administration of Air
and Water Resource and Solid Waste Management
Programs (924110); Administration of Conservation
Programs (924120); and Regulation and Administration
of Communications, Electric, Gas, and Other Utilities
(926130).
NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION
SYSTEM (NAICS) CHANGES
NAICS, established in 1997, is reviewed for potential
revisions every five years. The latest revision, in 2012,
was implemented by BLS in the QCEW program with the
release of first quarter 2011 data. As part of this revision,
the NAICS code of only one shale-related industry was
impacted: NAICS 331111 (Iron & Steel Mills). The NAICS
2012 structure eliminated NAICS 331111, combining
it with NAICS 331112 (Electrometallurgical Ferroalloy
Product Manufacturing) to form NAICS 331110 (Iron &
Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing).
WORKFORCE INFORMATION EXCHANGE
Source: Governor’s Office of Workforce Transformation
(http://workforce.ohio.gov/)
The Governor’s Office of Workforce Transformation
deployed a statewide jobs forecasting tool to the top
companies of predefined industry clusters. These
companies represent small, medium and large
businesses with at least 10 employees and at least
one Ohio location. Through the forecasting tool,
businesses identify the top five critical, difficult-tofill job needs over the next one, three and five years.
The information from the forecast tool is aggregated
with current job postings and occupation projections
from ODJFS to better align the in-demand jobs with
education and training providers and Ohio’s workforce
development system.
Core Shale-Related Industries (NAICS):
Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Extraction (211111);
Natural Gas Liquid Extraction (211112); Drilling Oil & Gas
Wells (213111); Support Activities for Oil & Gas Operations
(213112); Oil & Gas Pipeline & Related Structures
Construction (237120); and Pipeline Transportation of
Natural Gas (486210).
Ancillary Shale-Related Industries (NAICS):
Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation (221112); Natural
Gas Distribution (221210); Water Supply & Irrigation
Systems (221310); Sewage Treatment Facilities
(221320); Water & Sewer Line & Related Structures
Construction (237110); Highway, Street, and Bridge
Construction (237310); Nonresidential Site Preparation
Contractors (238912); Petrochemical Manufacturing
(325110); Industrial Gas Manufacturing (325120); Iron &
Steel Mills & Ferroalloy Manufacturing (3311101); Iron
& Steel Pipe & Tube Manufacturing from Purchased
Steel (331210); Mining Machinery & Equipment
Manufacturing (333131); Oil & Gas Field Machinery &
Equipment Manufacturing (333132); Construction and
Mining (except Oil Well) Machinery and Equipment
Merchant Wholesalers (423810); Industrial Machinery
and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers (423830);
Industrial Supplies Merchant Wholesalers (423840);
General Freight Trucking, Local (484110); Specialized
Freight Trucking, Local (484220); Specialized Freight
Trucking, Long-Distance (484230); Lessors of Other
Real Property (531190); Construction, Mining &
Forestry Machinery & Equipment Rental & Leasing
(532412); Engineering Services (541330); Geophysical
Surveying & Mapping Services (541360); Testing
Laboratories (541380); Environmental Consulting
Services (541620); Remediation Services (562910);
Commercial & Industrial Machinery & Equipment
20
John R. Kasich, Governor
State of Ohio
Cynthia C. Dungey, Director
Ohio Department of Job and Family Services
January 2016
An Equal Opportunity Employer and Service Provider