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Miktoarm Star Copolymers as High Efficiency
Nanoparticulate Emulsifiers
Robert D. Tilton, Department of Chemical Engineering and Department of Biomedical
Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
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Miktoarm star copolymers are nanoparticles
that have more than one type of polymer
arm surrounding a cross-linked polymer
core.
Adsorption of star copolymers to the
oil/water interface is enhanced by the
amphiphilicity of the arms.
Amphiphilicity is controlled by incorporating
arms with different solubilities into the same
star or using one type of arm with
monomers that are amphiphilic.
Atom transfer radical polymerization is used
to prepare stars via macromonomer or
macroinitiator approaches.
O
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When adsorbed at oil/water interfaces,
water-soluble arms extend into the
aqueous thin film between drops
Large star copolymer adsorption
energies stabilize emulsions
Emulsions are stabilized for months
using just 0.008 wt% emulsifier.
oil
water
oil
CuBr/TPMA
O(
O
)
45
+
80°C, anisole
PEO Star with
hydrophobic
core
diameter ~ 30 nm
arm Mn ~ 2,000