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The War of 1812 Angered by Britain’s Interference in the Nation’s Affairs, the United States went to War! Key Terms and Key People Key Terms Battle of Lake Erie Key People Oliver Hazard Perry Treaty of Fort Jackson Battle of New Orleans Hartford Convention Treaty of Ghent Andrew Jackson Francis Scott Key What we seem to have here is….A failure to Communicate While Britain tried to avoid war in the US, slow mail leads to the US declaring war on Great Britain The war had 2 phases, one with little British Attention and the other when Britain joined the war The US military had to begin strengthening their troops and numbers but they had only 16 warships compared to Britain's 100 Despite the size of our Navy, they were well skilled and were able to defeat the British in several 1 on 1 duals Perry Close to Home The United States made plans to Invade Canada from Detroit, Niagara Falls, and the Hudson River Valley These Battles ended in Failure as Fort Detroit was captured and other state militias refused to cross the Canadian Border The New Goal of the War of 1812 was to take control of Lake Erie and its Islands Blame Canada Oliver Hazard Perry was able to build an ENTIRE Naval Fleet for the United States in Lake Erie Oliver Hazard Perry would Defeat the British in Lake Erie and the United States would control the Main waterway into Canada Controlling Lake Erie would allow William Henry Harrison to invade Canada and Defeat the British at the Battle of Thames After the Battle, British power in the Northwest was ended and the Death of Tecumseh weakened Native Americans in the Region We’re Coming to America…TO FIGHT!! In the South, the Creek Tribe took up Arms and attacked Fort Mims killing 250 people Andrew Jackson would call up a Militia of 2000 troops and defeat the Creeks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend The Treaty of Fort Jackson forced the creek to give up millions of acres of land A star Spangled Battle After Defeating France, Great Britain would send MORE troops to the East The British Forces would attack Washington DC forcing Madison to leave the White House as it was Burnt Down The British Would attack Fort McHenry in a 25 hour battle that would inspire our national anthem The War would then turn to the South for its final Battles Mardi Gras After Attacking Washington DC, Great Britain turned to the south to control the Mississippi River Andrew Jackson would lead a force, including Regular Troops, Free African Americans, Native Americans, State Militias and Pirates, to New Orleans to defend the city The Battle began on January 8th, 1815 and saw Jackson’s 4500 soldiers kill and wound 2000 of Britain's 5300 Troops The Battle of New Orleans was the last major conflict of the war of 1812 and made Jackson a War Hero Snail Mail The war Would End on December 24th, 1814 BEFORE the battle of New Orleans and The Hartford Convention Under the Treaty of Ghent the United States would see: American Nationalism was increased through Patriotism It Weakened Native American resistance It increased the US Manufacturing Industries America Also Proved it could defeat the Top World Power and would most likely Begin to Prosper This Has Been Another WORLD FAMOUS Mr. Green PowerPoint Presentation Test Time…Project Time!!!!