Download Keratitis (Corneal Ulcers)

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 Keratitis (Corneal Ulcers)
Corneal ulcers (keratitis) occur after corneal trauma with a foreign body (including
contact lenses), and with dry eyes or lid disease which allow bacteria or fungi to enter
the cornea, causing a deep infection and inflammation. This condition may cause severe
pain, reduce visual clarity, produce a corneal discharge, and perhaps erode the cornea.
As a general rule, the deeper the corneal infection, the more severe the symptoms and
complications. It should be noted that microbial infections such as keratitis, although
relatively infrequent, are the most serious complication of contact lens wear.
Blurred vision
Light sensitivity
The symptoms described above may not necessarily mean that you have keratitis.
However, if you experience one or more of these symptoms, contact your eye doctor for
a complete exam.
Minor corneal infections are commonly treated with anti-bacterial or anti-fungal eye
drops. If the problem is more severe, a person may receive more intensive antibiotic
treatment to eliminate the infection and may need to take steroid eye drops to reduce
inflammation. With residual corneal scarring or thinning, corneal transplantation may be
necessary to restore vision. Early treatment may help reduce the risk of complications.
Frequent visits to an eye care professional may be necessary for several months to
eliminate the problem.