Download Results and Consequences of WWII

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Diplomatic history of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Foreign relations of the Axis powers wikipedia, lookup

Aftermath of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Consequences of Nazism wikipedia, lookup

Western betrayal wikipedia, lookup

Causes of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Allies of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Home front during World War II wikipedia, lookup

End of World War II in Europe wikipedia, lookup

Technology during World War II wikipedia, lookup

World War II by country wikipedia, lookup

World War II casualties wikipedia, lookup

Pursuit of Nazi collaborators wikipedia, lookup

Iron Curtain wikipedia, lookup

Aftermath of the Winter War wikipedia, lookup

Project Hula wikipedia, lookup

Results and
Consequences of WWII
End of the War in Europe
 The End of the Dictators
 Hitler committed suicide April 30, 1945
 Italian resistance members executed
 V-E Day
 Soviet Union and American troops
moved into Germany in May of 1945
 May 7th, Germany surrendered
 May 8th is celebrated as Victory in
Europe Day (V-E Day)
 Germany was divided among the allies
 Captured territory was redistributed
Nuremburg Trials
 November 1945- September 1946
 Trials held in Nuremburg, Germany to bring Nazi
leaders to justice
 Crimes:
 Pursuing “aggressive war”
 Crimes against humanity
Europe in Ruins
 WWII was the most destructive
war in history
 Heavy bombing campaigns,
shifting battles lines
 12 million homeless
 Food, medicine, and clothing in
short supply
The End in Japan
 American forces had gotten close to mainland Japan by
 Island hopping strategy
 Brutal, deadly fighting in the Pacific
 Japanese culture- no surrender, fight to the death
 America gave an ultimatum in July 1945, Japan rejected
The Atomic Bomb
 Led by Robert Oppenheimer, the
Manhattan Project successfully
produced two Atomic bombs
 Rationale- end the war quickly,
avoid enormous loss of life that
would result from an American
invasion of Japan
 “Show off” for the USAgrowing rivalry with the
Soviet Union
 On August 6th, 1945 a B-29
bomber called the Enola Gay
dropped the first Atomic bomb (the
Little Boy) on Hiroshima, Japan
 Three days later, a second bomb
(the Fat Man) exploded over
The Bombs and V-J
 The blasts leveled the
 Killing 200,000 on impact
 Many more in the
following months and
years due to radiation
 Japan surrendered on
August 14th, 1945—thus
ending World War II and
beginning the Atomic Age
 Victory in Japan (V-J Day)
declared September 2nd
Effects of Global War
More than 70 million people fought in WWII
55 million dead
Soviet Union- 22 million
Germany- 8 million
Japan- 2 million
United States- 300,000
Millions more in genocides in the Holocaust, in
the Soviet Union, and in Asia
USA is a superpower- not devastated by war
Devastated European countries can no longer
control colonies around the globe
The UN
 In 1945, nations were in ruins. World War II was over,
and the world wanted peace
 51 countries gathered in San Francisco that year to sign a
 creating a new organization called the United Nations
 70 years later, the United Nations is still working to
maintain international peace and security
 Promotes development with humanitarian assistance
 Upholds international law, protects human rights, and
promotes democracy
Seeds of “Cold” War….
 The USA and Soviet Union emerge from the war as
 Divided Germany
 Democratic West, Communist East
 Europe “divided by an Iron Curtain” –Winston Churchill
 USA and Japan become allies
 Growing hostility between US and USSR will last
YouTube Clips
 Crash Course on WWII:
 Oppenheimer’s A-Bomb:
 Churchill’s Iron Curtain:
 How does the UN work?: