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ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST REVIEW SHEET pp. 19-23, 29-32, 32-34, 62-63, 73-76, 77-82 ,95-98, 99-103 MAP- Study the following locations. Refer to maps within the pages above. Fertile Crescent Persian Gulf Syrian Desert Arabian Desert Mesopotamia Asia Minor ( Anatolia ), Mediterranean Sea Tigris River Euphrates River Egypt Persia Jordan River Dead Sea TERMS King’s Eyes and Ears satrap satrapy Great Royal Road Fertile Crescent ziggurat Cradle of Civilization Crossroads of the World city-state cuneiform Ur Code of Hammurabi Gilgamish Epic Babylonian Captivity Torah Hebrew Law covenant Nineveh carriers of civilization ethical monotheism PEOPLE Nebuchadnezzar Assurbanipal Sargon Moses Abraham David Solomon Darius Cyrus Hammurabi Zoroaster KNOW THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS, LEADERS AND LOCATIONS OF THE FOLLOWING CIVILIZATIONS: Sumerians Hebrews Phoenicians Persians Amorites/Babylonians Hittites Chaldeans/Babylonians Assyrians UNDERSTAND: Why was the Tigris and Euphrates so important to Mesopotamia? What modern day countries comprise the former Fertile Crescent? ESSAYS 20 pts Toynbee Quote: “ All civilizations develop as a response to the challenge of their physical environment” CHOOSE FROM ANY TWO OF THE FOLLOWING CIVILIZATIONS YOU STUDIED: SUMER PHOENICIANS, BABYLONIANS ( AMORITES) , CHALDEANS, ASSYRIANS, PERSIANS. DISCUSS HOW THE QUOTE APPLIES TO THE 2 CIVILIZATIONS YOU CHOSE. CONSIDER HOW THESE CIVILIZATIONS ADAPTED TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT TO SURVIVE AND FLOURISH. THINK ABOUT: ECONOMY, WEAPONS AND TECHNOLOGY.