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Cocaine By: Cole Hovis and Takara Strouse What is it? stimulant drug extremely addictive made from leaves of the coca plant (South America) can be found in powder or crystal (freebase or crack) form Kills 3 times as many people as any other type of illicit drug Slang Names ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Coke Bazooka Happy Powder Heaven Dust Nose Candy Snow Zip Flake How is it used? Powder: ● snorted or injected (powder is dissolved in water) Crystal: ● smoked ● generally snorted even though smoking it brings a quicker high Effects Short term: user feels excited, energized, and/or alert talkative dilated pupils increased heart rate high body temperature increased blood pressure tightened blood vessels Effects Long term: serious depression hypertension (leads to stroke, heart attack, or even death) damage to reproductive system damaged blood vessels to heart and brain damage to liver, kidney, and lungs destroyed nose tissues tooth decay hallucinations Medical Use Cocaine Hydrochloride used to numb the lining of the nose, mouth, or throat before certain procedures occasionally used to stop nosebleeds used for anesthesia More effective and safe drugs have been developed, that discontinued the use of cocaine in the medical field. don't do crack! Facts/Statistics ● 2nd most commonly used illegal drug in the U.S. ● about 2.1 million Americans are regular users of cocaine ● effects central nervous system ● first used by the Inca civilization; they believed the coca plant was a gift from the gods ● It takes about 500 kilograms of coca leaf to produce one kilogram of cocaine Did you know? more than 400,000 babies are born every year addicted to cocaine due to their parents using the drug Delusional Parasitosis (the feeling that bugs are crawling under your skin) can result from daily use Crack is used because of the incredibly fast “high” it brings (users usually feel this in under 10 seconds) Injection of cocaine created an instantaneous high Crack is Whack https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxI7PTVRfhQ Reference (MLA) Brian, Schill. "41 Facts about Cocaine." Facts List. Randomhistory.com, 12 July 2009. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. Kyle, Burton. "Cocaine." Above The Influence. Stay Connected: Above The Influence, 5 Apr. 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.