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Peptic Ulcer Devin Scott, Kensei Suzuki, Isabelle Legare Symptoms of a Peptic Ulcer • A burning, aching, or gnawing pain between the belly button and the breastbone. Some people also have back pain. The pain can last from a few minutes to a few hours and may come and go for weeks. • Loss of appetite and weight loss. • Bloating or nausea after eating. • Vomiting. Causes of a Peptic Ulcer • Overuse of over the counter painkillersaspirin, ibuprofen, and advil. • Alcohol • Psychological stress • Smoking • Helicobacter pylori What happens-Pathology • The Helicobacter pylori causes an infection, and has the ability to survive in the acidic stomach environment and the small intestine because it produces enzyme’s that neutralize stomach acid. • The bacteria moves through the mucous membrane, and survives in the lining of the stomach creating complications. • Pepsin and hydrochloric acid are then responsible for leaking through the broken-down membrane and causing pain/inflammation. Treatment of a Peptic Ulcer • Antibiotic medications to kill Helicobacter pylori, often taken for two weeks. • Medications that block acid production and promote healing of the affected area. • Medications to reduce acid production or antacids that neutralize stomach acid. Statistics/Interesting Facts of Peptic Ulcers • One test to find out if you have a peptic ulcer is a esophagogastroduodenoscopy. • 1 in 54 or 1.84% or 5 million people in the USA are affected by this. • There’s a test that calls for an individual to eat or drink radioactive carbon, and later if you blow into a bag the H. pylori bacteria will be present.