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Transcript
By Agbor Ogork
EXECUTIVE
ORDER 9981
Before 1948, there had been desegregation in the
military. Blacks and whites couldn’t fight in the same
military. Because of this, President Truman issued the
Executive order 9981.
INTENDED CONSEQUENCES
 Declare the President’s policy of equality of
opportunity for all persons in the armed service
without regard to race, color, religion, or natural
origin.
 Create the President’s seven-member Committee on
Equality of Treatment in the armed service.
 Direct all executive departments and agencies of the
federal government to cooperate with the committee
in its work.
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
 President Truman had many critics.
 Democrats formed the Dixiecrat party and nominated
South Carolina Governor Storm Thurmond for
president.
 Truman had hoped to unite the democratic party by
promising civil rights to African Americans, but not by
pushing so fast to alienate segregationists.
ADVICE
My advice to President Truman would have
been that he should pass the Executive
Order 9981 because it will help a lot of
people. It will also help the government. He
should ignore the critics and do what is
right. But he shouldn’t push too hard to
alienate segregationists because that would
get him even more critics.
THE ATOMIC
BOMB
In order to end the United States war with Japan in
WW2, President Truman ordered for atomic bombs to
be dropped in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and
Nagasaki.
INTENDED CONSEQUENCES
The United States wanted Japan to
surrender.
The United States wanted Japan to
lose most of its army.
The United States wanted to pay
back Japan for their attack on Pearl
Harbor.
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
Japan hesitated to surrender.
It ruined the United States’
image.
It affect the inhabitants of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki for
many years.
ADVICE
My advice to President Truman would have
been that he shouldn’t drop the atomic
bombs in Japan right away because they
were very deadly and they will kill innocent
people. He should have bombed Japanese
aircraft an d ships, and if they didn’t
surrender, then he would have thought
about dropping the atomic bombs in
Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
MARSHALL
PLAN
President Truman signed the Marshall
plan because it was a series of
economic strategies and reforms that
helped to strengthen western Europe
after World War Two.
INTENDED CONSEQUENCES
 Meet immediate needs for food, medicine,
and housing.
 Increase industrial and agricultural
production rapidly.
 Combat inflation and establish financial
stability.
 Create a common market free of national
trade barriers.
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
 It brought disagreement in European
countries over how much money each of
them should get.
 Many Europeans thought that the Marshall
Plan was to stimulate markets for US goods.
 Communists parties lost interest
everywhere.
ADVICE
My advice to President Truman about
signing the Marshall Plan would have been
that he should sign it but Marshall shouldn’t
over push it because if he does, the
Europeans would keep thinking that it is
just for the United States’ interest. The Plan
will help many European countries so it
should be signed.
TRUMAN
DOCTRINE
The Truman Doctrine proclaimed that the United
States would not tolerate Russian expansion into any
areas that were not already under Soviet control.
President Truman issued it to stop the spread of
communism.
INTENDED CONSEQUENCES
 Greece and Turkey were given financial
aid and they did not succumb to
communism.
 America became committed to
internationalism with the policy of
containment.
UNINTENDED
CONSEQUENCES
There was some criticism of the
policy. Truman was accused of
starting half a century of fear.
It increased the tension between
the USA and the USSR.
ADVICE
My advice to President Truman would have been
that he should help the European countries by
giving them advice. By the Truman Doctrine, some
European countries would have felt that the USA
thinks that they can’t fight their own battles. Also,
the USSR would be angry because the issue doesn’t
concern the United States. So, I think the USA
should have help’ but not go as far as issuing the
Truman Doctrine.