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Chapter 7 Third declension masculine and feminine nouns Indirect statements (accusative and infinitive) Third Declension M/F Nouns The nominative singular has NO ending All 3rd declension nouns end in an –is in the genitive singular Third declension nouns have all three genders. There is no other way to determine the gender of a 3rd declension noun other than by memorizing it in the vocabulary. Third Declension M/F Nouns (pg. 114) Pax, pacis (f)- peace Singular Nom. Pax Gen. Pacis Dat. Paci Acc. Pacem Abl. Pace Plural Paces Pacum Pacibus Paces Pacibus Indirect Statements (pg. 116) While a direct statement is an exact quotation of someone’s words, perceptions, or thoughts, an indirect statement indirectly reports these thoughts or words. Indirect Statements (pg. 116) Indirect Statements are grammatical constructions which are dependant clauses and introduced by a cognitive verb (i.e. verbs that you would do using your cognitive senses [e.g. think, say, speak, see, etc.]). E.g. – Catullus videt… N.B- In English, we use the conjunction that often to introduce indirect statements, this subordinate clause. In Latin, there is no conjunction to introduce and indirect statement. Indirect statements (pg. 116) After the cognitive verb which introduces the indirect statement, the subject in the indirect statement will always be in the accusative case. E.g. – Catullus videt passerem… N.B.- If the subject in the indirect statement is the same subject as the one from the introductory clause (independent clause), then the Latin reflexive pronoun se is used as the accusative subject in the indirect statement. E.g. – Puella narrat se… Indirect Statements (pg. 116) The verb in the indirect statement changes to its infinitive form (however, translate it like a regular verb). This infinitive can either be active or passive voice. E.g.- Catullus videt passerem esse E.g.- Puella narrat se … amare. Indirect Statements (pg. 116) All direct objects, predicate nominatives, and predicate adjectives are all in the accusative case in an indirect statement. Usually, the accusative subject will be before the direct object/predicate nominative/predicate adjective. E.g.- Puella narrat se passerem amare. Indirect Statements (pg. 116) Catullus videt passerem esse semper in gremio puellae. Puella narrat se passerem amare. Puella putat passerem esse mellitum. Vocabulary to Learn (pg. 115) Ecce!!!