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Static Route configuration on Router Static routing occurs when you manually add routes in each router's routing table. There are advantages and disadvantages to static routing, but that's true for all routing processes. Static routing has the following advantages: There is no overhead on the router CPU. There is no bandwidth usage between routers. It adds security because the administrator can choose to allow routing access to certain networks only. Static routing has the following disadvantages: The administrator must really understand the internetwork and how each router is connected in order to configure routes correctly. If a network is added to the internetwork, the administrator has to add a route to it on all routers—manually. It's not possible in large networks because maintaining it would be a full-time job in itself. Command syntax for static route: ip route [destination_network] [mask] [next-hop_address or exit_interface] [administrative_distance] [permanent] ip route The command used to create the static route. destination_network The network you're placing in the routing table. mask The subnet mask being used on the network. next-hop_address The address of the next-hop router that will receive the packet and forward it to the remote network. exit_interfaceUsed in place of the next-hop address if you want, and shows up as a directly connected route. administrative_distance By default, static routes have an administrative distance of 1 (or even 0 if you use an exit interface instead of a next-hop address). permanent Keyword (Optional) Without the permanent keyword in a static route statement, a static route will be removed if an interface goes down. Adding the permanent keyword to a static route statement will keep the static routes in the routing table even if the interface goes down and the directly connected networks are removed. In this article we will recall all the topics you have learnt yet and will try to implement these command in practically. Create a topology as shown in figure on packet tracer or download this topology. Now configure PC-0 first.To configure pc double click on pc and select desktop Now click on IP configurations Set ip address as shown in figure IP address 10.0.0.2 Subnet mask 255.0.0.0 Default Gateway 10.0.0.1 Follow the same process in PC-1 and set the ip address to IP address 220.127.116.11 Subnet mask 255.0.0.0 Default Gateway 18.104.22.168 Now double click on 1841 Router 0 and select CLI Type no and press enter to avoid startup configuration Now you are in user exec mode. --- System Configuration Dialog --Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no Press RETURN to get started! Router> Set Hostname to R1 and assign 10.0.0.1 255.0.0.0 ip address to fast Ethernet 0/0. also set a message “ Unauthorized access is prohibited”. Router>enable Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router(config)#hostname R1 R1(config)#banner motd # Unauthorized access is prohibited # R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 10.0.0.1 255.0.0.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up R1(config-if)#exit R1(config)# Configure Router-2 in same way with hostname R2 and 22.214.171.124 255.0.0.0 ip address on fast Ethernet 0/0. Router>enable Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router(config)#hostname R2 R2(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 126.96.36.199 255.0.0.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up R2(config-if)#exit R2(config)# Now we have connectivity between local segment and router's Ethernet port. configure serial port When Serial connections are configured they need one more command that normal Ethernet connections do not. That command is the clock rate command. The clock rate command establishes a common rate at which the sending and receiving routers will send data to each other. It should be noted that if using a service provider circuit, there is no need for the clock rate command since the service provider provides the clocking. Establish a simple serial to serial connection between R1 Serial 0/0/0 and R2 Serial 0/0/0. Now configure serial port on both router with ip address 188.8.131.52 255.0.0.0 on one and 184.108.40.206 255.0.0.0 on two. On R1 R1(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 220.127.116.11 255.0.0.0 R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to up R1(config-if)#exit R1(config)# On R2 R2(config)#interface serial 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 18.104.22.168 255.0.0.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown R2(config-if)#exit At this point you have configured ip address on interfaces. But still pc0 will not ping to pc1 as R1 have no information the network of 22.214.171.124 There are two way to configure route in router. Static or Dynamic. You will learn more about static and dynamic in our next article. In this example we will use simple static route. First tell R1 about to network of 126.96.36.199 R1(config)#ip route 188.8.131.52 255.0.0.0 184.108.40.206 R1(config)# In this command 220.127.116.11 is the destination network and 255.0.0.0 is the subnetmask on destination network and 18.104.22.168 is the ip address of next hope 22.214.171.124 = destination network. 255.0.0.0 = subnet mask. 126.96.36.199 = next-hop address. Say this way "To get to the destination network of 188.8.131.52, with a subnet mask of 255.0.0.0, send all packets to 184.108.40.206" Now tell R2 about to network of 10.0.0.0 R2(config)#ip route 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 220.127.116.11 R2(config)# Now test the connectivity. Go on pc1 and C:\> ping 18.104.22.168 If you get reply then you have successfully configured static routing between R1 and R2. But if you get error then download this configured topology and do cross check that where you have committed mistakes Default Routing default routing is used to send packets with a remote destination network not in the routing table to the next-hop router. You should only use default routing on stub networks—those with only one exit path out of the network.