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Transcript
Unit A 2.02 Principles of Infection
Name ___________________
Infection Control Key Terms:
Key Terms
Aerobic
Definitions
requires oxygen to live
Anaerobic
does not require oxygen to live
Antiseptic hand wash
Alcohol-based hand rub
washing hands with water and soap or other detergents
containing an antiseptic agent
rubbing hands with an alcohol-containing preparation
Asepsis
free of pathogens
Endogenous
originates from within the body
Exogenous
originates outside the body
Hand hygiene
Hand washing
performing hand washing, antiseptic hand wash, alcohol-based
hand rub
washing hands with plain soap and water
Infection
invasion of the body by microorganisms
Local infection
only a specific portion of the body is infected
Non-Pathogenic
normal, do not produce disease, beneficial
Nosocomial Infections
hospital acquired infection
Opportunistic infection
Infections that occur when the body’s defenses are weakened
Pathogenic
cause infection and disease
Resistant
Sterile
remain firm against the action of another force, such as a bacteria
against an antibiotic
free of all organisms
Susceptible
able to be affected; person likely to get sick
Systemic infection
affects the entire body
Unit A 2.02 Principles of Infection
Name ___________________
Types of Infection:
Local versus Systemic Infections
Types of Infection
Endogenous-
Exogenous-
Nosocomial infections-
Opportunistic infections-
Examples
Unit A 2.02 Principles of Infection
Name ___________________
Classes of Microorganisms:
Microorganisms
Non-pathogenic:
Pathogenic:
Aerobic:
Anaerobic:
Class
Bacteria
Protozoa
Fungi
Rickettsiae
Viruses
Helminths
Characteristics
Examples
Unit A 2.02 Principles of Infection
Name ___________________
Transmitting Infection:
Direct contact
Indirect contact
Airborne
Vector-borne
Causative agent
Reservoir
Susceptible Host
Chain of
Portal of Entry
Infectio
n
Mode of Transmission
Portal of Exit