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Science and Technology
Including IPR
Session VIII
7th SOUTH ASIA ECONOMIC SUMMIT
2014
Dilani Hirimuthugodage
Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka
Outline
• The link between IPRs and science and
technology
• The status quo of innovations of South Asia
• The status quo of Sri Lanka
• Regional efforts taken
• What needs to be done?
The link between IPRs and science and
technology
IPR
protection
Inventors
receive
appropriate
share of
benefits
Will
encourage
Investments
in R & D
New
innovation
New
technology
Innovation indicators of South Asia
• Global Innovation Index -2013
Country
Rank
India
76
Bhutan
86
Sri Lanka
105
Bangladesh
129
Pakistan
134
Nepal
136
Research and Development in Sri
Lanka
• The gross expenditure on R & D as a % of GDP
Sri Lanka
South Korea
0.16 %
4%
Singapore
India
2%
0.8%
Research and Development in Sri
Lanka cont..
55%
Government
R&D
expenditure in SL
40 %
5%
Private sector
Foreign sector
Research and Development in Sri
Lanka cont...
33% agriculture
20 % engineering and technology
12 % natural sciences
7 % Social sciences
6% medicinal sciences
Patents Registration
Source: Sri Lanka Science, Technology and Innovation Handbook: 2010, National Science Foundation
SAARC Initiatives
• The first meeting of the Ministers of Science and
Technology was held in 2008, and a five-year
(2008-2013) SAARC Action Plan on Science and
Technology was finalized.
• Amongst others areas, it specifically focuses on;
–
–
–
–
Cooperation in the field of Science & Technology
Standardization and laboratory testing
Themes for cooperation
Project development
What needs to be done?
• Appropriate implementation and enforcement
of rules and regulations to strengthen IPRs
• Strengthen science and technology
cooperation across the South Asian region
• Identify ways and methods to encourage
technology transfers within the countries
• Sharing of scientific and technological
expertise amongst member countries
• Encourage joint research and development
Thank you.