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5-4 Vocab
• Epicureanism – the philosophy that taught that
happiness is the goal of life and not to worry. Today
it means the love of pleasurable things, especially
food.
• Stoicism – the philosophy that you should not
follow your emotions, but use reason. Today, a
stoic person is someone who is not affected by joy
or grief (like Spock from Star Trek).
• astronomer – someone who studies the stars,
planets, and other heavenly bodies.
• plane geometry – study of line, points and angles
on a flat plane, developed by Euclid at the Library of
Alexandria.
• solid geometry – Study of spheres and cylinders,
developed by Archimedes.
• Archimedes – Greek inventor from Syracuse. Developed
the science of physics (how things move). Discovered the
value of pi (3.14). Worked with levers and said “give me a
place to stand and I will move the earth.” Improved the
catapult.
• Aristarchus – Figured out that the Earth moves
around the Sun. This is known as the “Heliocentric”
view of the solar system, after the Greek god of the
Sun, Helios
• Eratosthenes – Figured out that the world is round.
Was head librarian at the Library of Alexandria.
Invented longitude and latitude. Called the “father of
geography”
• Euclid – Wrote about plane geometry in a book
called “Elements”. Called the “father of Geometry”
• Hippocrates – “Father of medicine” Wrote a
medical code of good behavior. When you get your
medical license, you must say the “Hippocratic
- I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I
Oath”
fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another
are needed for a patient's recovery.
- I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their
problems are not disclosed to me that the world may
know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters
of life and death. If it is given me to save a life, all
thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a
life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with
great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty.
Above all, I must not play at God.
- I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a
cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose
illness may affect the person's family and economic
stability. My responsibility includes these related
problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick.
- I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention
is preferable to cure.
• Hypatia – Female philosopher who expanded
knowledge of math and astronomy
• Pythagoras – Established the principals of geometry
developed that Pythagorean theorem.