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5-4 Vocab • Epicureanism – the philosophy that taught that happiness is the goal of life and not to worry. Today it means the love of pleasurable things, especially food. • Stoicism – the philosophy that you should not follow your emotions, but use reason. Today, a stoic person is someone who is not affected by joy or grief (like Spock from Star Trek). • astronomer – someone who studies the stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies. • plane geometry – study of line, points and angles on a flat plane, developed by Euclid at the Library of Alexandria. • solid geometry – Study of spheres and cylinders, developed by Archimedes. • Archimedes – Greek inventor from Syracuse. Developed the science of physics (how things move). Discovered the value of pi (3.14). Worked with levers and said “give me a place to stand and I will move the earth.” Improved the catapult. • Aristarchus – Figured out that the Earth moves around the Sun. This is known as the “Heliocentric” view of the solar system, after the Greek god of the Sun, Helios • Eratosthenes – Figured out that the world is round. Was head librarian at the Library of Alexandria. Invented longitude and latitude. Called the “father of geography” • Euclid – Wrote about plane geometry in a book called “Elements”. Called the “father of Geometry” • Hippocrates – “Father of medicine” Wrote a medical code of good behavior. When you get your medical license, you must say the “Hippocratic - I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I Oath” fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery. - I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death. If it is given me to save a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God. - I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person's family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick. - I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure. • Hypatia – Female philosopher who expanded knowledge of math and astronomy • Pythagoras – Established the principals of geometry developed that Pythagorean theorem.